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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii chapter 13 system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii chapter 13 system"

78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13: Anatomy of the Nervous System
gyri
sulci
fissures
cerebral hemispheres
ridges
shallow grooves
deep grooves; divides cerebrum from cerebellum divides hemisp…
largest portion
gyri
ridges
sulci
shallow grooves
55 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Size of the average adult heart
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
Size of the average adult heart
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 13, The Nervous System
What are the basic functional units of…
What are the three parts of a neuron?
What neuron process receives informati…
What kinds of stimuli can neurons dete…
Neurons; Neuroglia (glial cells)
Central cell body (soma), dendrites, and axons
Dendrites: receive stimuli from other neurons and conduct the…
hot, cold, touch, pressure, stretch or other physical changes…
What are the basic functional units of…
Neurons; Neuroglia (glial cells)
What are the three parts of a neuron?
Central cell body (soma), dendrites, and axons
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Size of the average adult heart
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
Size of the average adult heart
38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13: The Endocrine System
endocrine system
hormone
endocrine gland
exocrine gland
Body system that includes all of the hormone-secreting organs…
A chemical messenger molecule secreted by an endocrine gland…
Ductless gland that secretes one or more hormones into the bl…
Specialized epithelial tissue that secretes a product directl…
endocrine system
Body system that includes all of the hormone-secreting organs…
hormone
A chemical messenger molecule secreted by an endocrine gland…
105 terms
Clinical Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 13: The Nervous System
Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Nerve
A complex communication and control system that monitors an a…
CNS - The brain and the spinal cord.
PNS - nerves out side of the central nervous system (i.e., ou…
A bundle of myelinated nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous…
Nervous System
A complex communication and control system that monitors an a…
Central Nervous System
CNS - The brain and the spinal cord.
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
The organs of the respiratory system i…
Alveoli
Gas exchanges with the blood happen on…
Anatomy of nasal cavity
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and their smaller bra…
terminal air sacs
alveoli
The organs of the respiratory system i…
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and their smaller bra…
Alveoli
terminal air sacs
145 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13: Cardiovascular system
7,000 liters
2.5 billion
cardiovascular system
The blood vessels make up two circuits
The heart pumps ______ of blood through the body each day
The heart contracts ______times in an average lifetime
The heart and all the blood vessels make up the _____
-Pulmonary circuit... -Systemic circuit
7,000 liters
The heart pumps ______ of blood through the body each day
2.5 billion
The heart contracts ______times in an average lifetime
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13: Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
the human heart
Anatomy of the Heart
Aorta
consists of the heart and its vessels
Left Side - Oxygenated Blood (Red)... Right Side - De-Oxygenated…
Major Artery of the Heart... Pumps blood away from heart to the…
Cardiovascular System
consists of the heart and its vessels
the human heart
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: Anatomy of Nervous System
3-4 Weeks
Neural Plate
Neural Groove
Neural Crest
The nervous system is one of the initial structures that deve…
the ectoderm thickens into this around 3 weeks, a section of…
has invagination that folds and fuses into a neural tube arou…
form melanocytes, glands, support tissues, sensory receptors
3-4 Weeks
The nervous system is one of the initial structures that deve…
Neural Plate
the ectoderm thickens into this around 3 weeks, a section of…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- chapter 13 urinary system
ureter
urethra
bladder
renal cortex
drain urine from kidneys to bladder
conducts urine to exterior
stores urine
most supericial region
ureter
drain urine from kidneys to bladder
urethra
conducts urine to exterior
464 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty substance
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
37 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 Study Guide Cardiovascular System
Pericardium
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Covers outer surface of heart
Layer of the heart wall composed of cardiac muscle
Inner layer of the heart; Membrane that lines the inner surfa…
Pericardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
Epicardium
Covers outer surface of heart
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13.2
Absorption
Alimentary Canal
Chemical Breakdown
Chyme
movement of food molecules from the small intestine into the…
passage leading from the mouth to the anus through the pharyn…
breakdown of large food molecules into smaller molecules by e…
the mixture of food and digestive juice in the stomach and du…
Absorption
movement of food molecules from the small intestine into the…
Alimentary Canal
passage leading from the mouth to the anus through the pharyn…
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
respiratory system
nares
nasal cavity
nasal septum
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchang…
Nostrils
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cra…
a wall of cartilage that divides the nose into two equal sect…
respiratory system
A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchang…
nares
Nostrils
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 13
Pineal Gland
Thymus Gland
Reproductive organs
What are some other organs that are ot…
Secretes melatonin... Regulates circadian rhythms
secretes thymosins... promotes development of certain lymphocyte…
Ovaries produce estrogens and progesterone... Testes produce tes…
digestive glands,... heart... kidney
Pineal Gland
Secretes melatonin... Regulates circadian rhythms
Thymus Gland
secretes thymosins... promotes development of certain lymphocyte…
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
The cardiovascular system consists of…
Function of the Cardiovascular System
The heart is a hollow, _____-shaped, m…
The average heart is _____ cm long and…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
cone, thoracic
14, 9
The cardiovascular system consists of…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Function of the Cardiovascular System
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Digestive System and Nutrition
Basal Metabolic Rate
Calorie
Coenzymes
Energy
The amount of energy required to sustain a person's metabolis…
The unit that food scientists use to measure the potential en…
Molecules that are necessary for the action of enzymes
The capacity of a physical system to do work
Basal Metabolic Rate
The amount of energy required to sustain a person's metabolis…
Calorie
The unit that food scientists use to measure the potential en…
18 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 13.2
Absorption
Alimentary Canal
Chemical Breakdown
Chyme
Movement of food molecules from small intestine into blood.
Passage leading from mouth to anus through pharynx, esophagus…
Breakdown of large food molecules into smaller molecules by e…
Mixture of food and digestive juice in stomach and duodenum.
Absorption
Movement of food molecules from small intestine into blood.
Alimentary Canal
Passage leading from mouth to anus through pharynx, esophagus…
26 terms
anatomy and physiology 2 chapter 13
endocrine system
endocrine glands
paracrine and autocrine
exocrine glands
assists the nervous system with communication and control of…
cells,tissues,and organs... ductless... -secrete hormones into the…
quasi-endocrine
other glands that secrete substances... ducts... deliver their prod…
endocrine system
assists the nervous system with communication and control of…
endocrine glands
cells,tissues,and organs... ductless... -secrete hormones into the…
62 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13: Respiratory System
Anoxia
Apnea
Aspiration
Atelectasis
An absolute absence of oxygen within tissues.
Temporary cessation of breathing.
Inhalation of a foreign substance (usually water or food) int…
Collapse of parts of the lung. Pneumothorax; air fills pleura…
Anoxia
An absolute absence of oxygen within tissues.
Apnea
Temporary cessation of breathing.
22 terms
[Anatomy & Physiology] Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
Arteriole
Atrium
Capillary
Cardiac Conduction System
Small branch of an artery that communicates with a capillary…
Chambers of the heart that receive blood from the veins
Small blood vessel that connects an arteriole and a venule.
System of specialized cardiac muscle fibers that conducts car…
Arteriole
Small branch of an artery that communicates with a capillary…
Atrium
Chambers of the heart that receive blood from the veins
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
The cardiovascular system consists of…
Function of the Cardiovascular System
The heart is a hollow, _____-shaped, m…
The average heart is _____ cm long and…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
cone, thoracic
14, 9
The cardiovascular system consists of…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Function of the Cardiovascular System
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
70 terms
endocrine system chapter 13 anatomy and physiology
endocrine system
endocrine gland
exocrine gland
hormone
function is to integrate body systems in conjunction with the…
a ductless gland that secretes substances directly into the b…
a gland that secretes substances into duct which then leave t…
a very powerful substance secreted by an endocrine gland into…
endocrine system
function is to integrate body systems in conjunction with the…
endocrine gland
a ductless gland that secretes substances directly into the b…
134 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13: Peripheral Nervous System
CNS consists of:
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
The CNS is connected to ______________…
PNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Sensory.
sensory receptors, muscles, and glands
cranial nerves that arise from the brain and spinal nerves th…
CNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
Sensory.
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
spinal meninges
layers of the spinal meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
tough collagenous membrane surrounded by epidural space fille…
layer of simple squamous epithelium lining dura mater and loo…
spinal meninges
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
layers of the spinal meninges
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Receptors
Classification of receptors is based on:
Mechanoreceptors
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
Stimulus type, Location, and Structural complexity
respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Sensory Receptors
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13, Respiratory System Vocabulary
Respiratory System
Nasal Cavity
Pharynx
Nasopharynx
Shares responsibility with the cardiovascular system for supp…
The interior of the nose. Lined with mucosa and holds olfacto…
A muscular passageway around 13cm long. Passageway for food a…
The superior portion of the pharynx, through which air enters…
Respiratory System
Shares responsibility with the cardiovascular system for supp…
Nasal Cavity
The interior of the nose. Lined with mucosa and holds olfacto…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13 Endocrine System
Cort-
-crin
Diuret-
Endo-
Bark, rind
To secrete
To pass urine
Within
Cort-
Bark, rind
-crin
To secrete
26 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
anoxia
apnea
bronchial sounds
cellular respiration
a deficiency of oxygen
temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep
breath sounds of a harsh or blowing quality, heard on auscult…
metabolic processes in which ATP is produced
anoxia
a deficiency of oxygen
apnea
temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep
464 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty substance
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
brain
parts of the brain
brainstem
cerebellum
part of CNS contained in cranial cavity; control center for m…
brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, and cerebrum
connects spinal cord to brain; integration of reflexes necess…
involved in control of locomotion, balance, and posture
brain
part of CNS contained in cranial cavity; control center for m…
parts of the brain
brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon, and cerebrum
377 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
All Parts get Blood
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
Between heart and tissues and cells... Transport OXYGENATED bloo…
Purpose of pulmonary and systemic circulation
Cardiovascular System
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Pulmonary Circulation
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
377 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
All Parts get Blood
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
Between heart and tissues and cells... Transport OXYGENATED bloo…
Purpose of pulmonary and systemic circulation
Cardiovascular System
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Pulmonary Circulation
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
377 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circulation
Systemic Circulation
All Parts get Blood
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
Between heart and tissues and cells... Transport OXYGENATED bloo…
Purpose of pulmonary and systemic circulation
Cardiovascular System
Also known as Circulatory System... Maintains distribution of bl…
Pulmonary Circulation
Between heart and lungs... Transport DEOXYGENATED blood to lungs…
19 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: The Immune System
Inflammation
Antibodies
Antibiotics
Acquired Immunity
The swelling of tissue.
Special proteins made by B cells that lock onto foreign antig…
Medicines made from chemicals.
Immunity that occurs when your immune system is exposed to, a…
Inflammation
The swelling of tissue.
Antibodies
Special proteins made by B cells that lock onto foreign antig…
257 terms
Combo with "Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - Cardiovascular System" and 8 others
The cardiovascular system consists of…
Function of the Cardiovascular System
The heart is a hollow, _____-shaped, m…
The average heart is _____ cm long and…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
cone, thoracic
14, 9
The cardiovascular system consists of…
heart, vessels, arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Function of the Cardiovascular System
Circulate blood throughout the body and bring oxygen and nutr…
118 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 13
spinal cord
four principle functions of the spinal…
central pattern generators
spinal cord is divided into these regi…
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
simple, repetitive muscle contractions that put one foot in f…
- cervical... - thoracic... - lumbar... - sacral
spinal cord
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
four principle functions of the spinal…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
__________ are receptors that can resp…
Pressure, pain, and temperature recept…
Potentially damaging stimuli that resu…
Which receptors adapt most slowly?... A)…
mechanocreceptors
B) exteroceptors
C) nociceptors
C) nociceptors
__________ are receptors that can resp…
mechanocreceptors
Pressure, pain, and temperature recept…
B) exteroceptors
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13, Respiratory System Vocabulary
Respiratory System
External Nares
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Septum
Shares responsibility with the cardiovascular system for supp…
The place through which air enters the nose during breathing.…
The interior of the nose. Lined with mucosa and holds olfacto…
The midline that divides the nasal cavity.
Respiratory System
Shares responsibility with the cardiovascular system for supp…
External Nares
The place through which air enters the nose during breathing.…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13
True/False: The spinal cord is as long…
Conus medullaris
What is the longitudinal groove that i…
What are the two enlargements on the s…
False
The region where the spinal cord becomes tapered and conical
Posterior median sulcus
Cervical enlargement and lumbar enlargement
True/False: The spinal cord is as long…
False
Conus medullaris
The region where the spinal cord becomes tapered and conical
31 terms
anatomy physiology 2 chapter 13
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
nose
nasal cavities
nose nasal cavities pharynx larynx
Trachea bronchi bronchioles alveoli lungs
external portion
internal portion
upper respiratory tract
nose nasal cavities pharynx larynx
lower respiratory tract
Trachea bronchi bronchioles alveoli lungs
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13: Cardiovascular system (Pearson)
Anemia
Aneurysm
arrhythmias
Arteries
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
A widening of a blood vessel due to pressure on weakened tiss…
An arrhythmia is a disorder of the heart rate (pulse) or hear…
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Anemia
A condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cell…
Aneurysm
A widening of a blood vessel due to pressure on weakened tiss…
62 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13: Respiratory System
Anoxia
Apnea
Aspiration
Atelectasis
An absolute absence of oxygen within tissues.
Temporary cessation of breathing.
Inhalation of a foreign substance (usually water or food) int…
Collapse of parts of the lung. Pneumothorax; air fills pleura…
Anoxia
An absolute absence of oxygen within tissues.
Apnea
Temporary cessation of breathing.
55 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Size of the average adult heart
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
Size of the average adult heart
55 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Size of the average adult heart
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
Size of the average adult heart
Chapter 13: Anatomy & Physiology: The Integumentary System.
Cyanosis
Dermis
Eczema
Elasticity
Bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen.
Inner layer of skin
Dry, reddish, scaly patches on the skin.
Ability to expand and contract.
Cyanosis
Bluish color of skin due to lack of oxygen.
Dermis
Inner layer of skin
38 terms
Chapter 13: Blood System: Anatomy and Physiology
albumin
antibody (Ab)
antigen
basophil
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the…
Protein (immunoglobin) produced by lymphocytes in response to…
Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of…
White blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associa…
albumin
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the…
antibody (Ab)
Protein (immunoglobin) produced by lymphocytes in response to…
10 terms
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHAPTER 13 Anatomy Physiology
Watch Dr. Binocs Show- Videos for kids
Major function of R.S
Respiratory and circulatory systems
Test question. Where does cellular res…
...
supply body with oxygen for cellular respiration and dispose…
are closely coupled
...
Watch Dr. Binocs Show- Videos for kids
...
Major function of R.S
supply body with oxygen for cellular respiration and dispose…
90 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Reflex Circuits
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
White Matter in the spinal cord:
What is the spinal cord a continuation…
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
contains major sensory and motor tracts to and from brain
Medulla Oblongata
Reflex Circuits
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
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