Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii endocrine system"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii endocrine system"

Anatomy and Physiology #2 Endocrine system
Which of the following hormones is a p…
In response to stress, which of the fo…
Which of the following are symptom(s)…
Choose which condition has all of the…
Epinephrine
decreased insulin secretion
heart palpitations
Cushing's disease
Which of the following hormones is a p…
Epinephrine
In response to stress, which of the fo…
decreased insulin secretion
90 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 - endocrine system
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones
Comparison of Nervous and Endocrine Sy…
What is a hormone?
stimulate hormone release
prevent hormone release
• Both use chemicals that bind to receptors on target cells…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are released in one tis…
Releasing hormones
stimulate hormone release
Inhibiting hormones
prevent hormone release
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
anatomy and physiology 2 lab - endocrine system
pancreas
testes
ovaries
adrenal cortex
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
hormone: progesterone/estrogen... target: uterus, mammary glands…
hormone: cortisol/aldosterone... target: kidneys... effect: promote…
pancreas
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
testes
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Sustains milk production after birth.
Controls secretion of hormones from thyroid gland.
Controls secretion of certain hormones from adrenal cortex.
Promotes secretion of sex hormones; plays a role in releasing…
Prolactin (PRL)
Sustains milk production after birth.
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Controls secretion of hormones from thyroid gland.
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
Receptor
Intrinsic Control Mechanisms
Extrinsic Control Mechanisms
Extrinsic Control Types
The mechanisms that originate within the cell for controlling…
Genetic Regulation/Enzyme Activity Regulation
The mechanisms for controlling the enzymes of a cell that ori…
Nervous System/Endocrine System
Receptor
The mechanisms that originate within the cell for controlling…
Intrinsic Control Mechanisms
Genetic Regulation/Enzyme Activity Regulation
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Endocrine System
Hormones Control
Antagonistic Hormones
Agonistic Hormones
Synergistic Hormones
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
...
...
...
Hormones Control
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
Antagonistic Hormones
...
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
What two types of glands are found in…
What type of gland are sweat glands, s…
What type of gland are the secretions…
Which two systems function closely in…
Exocrine and Endocrine
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine and Nervous Systems
What two types of glands are found in…
Exocrine and Endocrine
What type of gland are sweat glands, s…
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine System - Anatomy&Physiology 2
growth hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone
follicle stimulating hormone
adenohypophosis, growth hormone releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, thyroid releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, corticotropic releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, gonadotropin releasing hormone
growth hormone
adenohypophosis, growth hormone releasing hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
adenohypophosis, thyroid releasing hormone
23 terms
Anatomy/Physiology 2 Endocrine System
What is an endocrine gland?
Define hormone and target cell.
Explain how hormones can be grouped on…
Explain how steroid hormones influence…
An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes its hormones dire…
A hormone is a secreted biochemical that affects the function…
Hormones can be grouped into five separate categories:... Steroi…
Steroid hormones, along with thyroid hormones, are soluble li…
What is an endocrine gland?
An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes its hormones dire…
Define hormone and target cell.
A hormone is a secreted biochemical that affects the function…
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
17 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy & Physiology
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
It's the gate keeper. ... Regulates the release & inhibition of…
The main function of thyroid hormones include increasing cell…
Pituitary Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Pineal Gland
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
24 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Quiz 1 Endocrine System
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
Slide #7: ... Thymus
Slide #8: ... Pancreas ... Islets of Langer…
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2- Endocrine System
thyroxine
thyroxine
oxytocin
thyroxine-binding globulin
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of... a.…
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Which hormone would no longer be secreted if the hypothalamo-…
Which of the following is not a hormone?... a. prolactin... b. pro…
thyroxine
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of... a.…
thyroxine
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
The science of the structure and function of the endocrine sy…
Hormone
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine system
what are the catecholamine?
What are the steroid hormone?
What is considered to be second messen…
tropic
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
cortisol, aldestorone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone
CAMP, Calcium
a hormone that control the release of another hormone
what are the catecholamine?
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
What are the steroid hormone?
cortisol, aldestorone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
92 terms
Anatomy and physiology endocrine system
function of the endocrine system
Endocrine system
endocrine glands
3 types of hormones or chemical messen…
regulate long term processes in the human body
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
groups of scattered glands that aren't related in function an…
1. amino acid derivatives... 2. peptide ... 3. lipid derivatives
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Endocrine system
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
135 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
Nervous/Endocrine
mineralocorticoid
Endocrine System
Hormone
Systems that act together to coordinate functions of all body…
helps regulate sodium and potassium
Controls body activities by releasing mediators, called hormo…
A mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
Nervous/Endocrine
Systems that act together to coordinate functions of all body…
mineralocorticoid
helps regulate sodium and potassium
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
Adenylate cyclase
Adipose cell
Adrenal androgens
Adrenal cortex
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
masculinizing hormones such as testosterone produced by the a…
the portion of an endocrine gland that produces the hormones…
Adenylate cyclase
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
Adipose cell
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
90 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 - endocrine system!!!
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones
Comparison of Nervous and Endocrine Sy…
What is a hormone?
stimulate hormone release
prevent hormone release
• Both use chemicals that bind to receptors on target cells…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are released in one tis…
Releasing hormones
stimulate hormone release
Inhibiting hormones
prevent hormone release
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology [Endocrine System]
Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
Serves as a bridge between the nervous system and the hormona…
Maintains circadian rhythms and sleep-awake patterns
Endocrine System
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
Pituitary gland
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
the Hormone that are Amino Acid based…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Hormone that are Amino Acid based incl…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
Pancreas
Adrenal gland
Pituitary gland
Pineal gland
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 9 Endocrine System
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Hormones
Pituitary Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
chemicals produced in your glands that travel in the blood st…
the gland in your brain that is the central controller for ma…
Adrenal Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
Thyroid Gland
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System (anatomy)
pineal gland
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
pancreas
pineal gland
pituitary gland
Anatomy and physiology- Endocrine system
GH
PRL
TSH
ACTH
Growth hormone
Prolactin
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
GH
Growth hormone
PRL
Prolactin
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
50
Endocrine Organs
Purely endocrine organs
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
Number of hormones produced in the human body
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Hypothalamus ... 4. Thyroi…
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thymus Gland... 4. Medulla…
Hormone
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
50
Number of hormones produced in the human body
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Major Endocrine Glands
adjusts metabolic rates and substrate utilization; regulates…
are glands that secrete their products (hormones) into extrac…
are glands that contain ducts and carry secretions into body…
Hypothalamus, Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
Endocrine System
adjusts metabolic rates and substrate utilization; regulates…
Endocrine Glands
are glands that secrete their products (hormones) into extrac…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System Part 2
Synergistic Interaction
Synergistic Example
Permissive Interaction
Permissive Example
- multiple stimuli ... - more additive ... - works together to prom…
- Effects of 3 hormones on glucose concentration ... - Cortisol,…
- Need a second hormone to get full expression
- Calcitriol is only activated by the presence of PTH... - this…
Synergistic Interaction
- multiple stimuli ... - more additive ... - works together to prom…
Synergistic Example
- Effects of 3 hormones on glucose concentration ... - Cortisol,…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Neurotransmitter
Hormones
Endocrinology
Neuroendocrine
Released from axon terminals
Released from glands
Science concerned with the structure and function of the endo…
Combination of the nervous and endocrine systems
Neurotransmitter
Released from axon terminals
Hormones
Released from glands
13 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine System
Vital function of the Endocrine system
Hormones
Endocrine system glands
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
From the Greek, meaning 'to excite' or 'to urge on'. As the b…
1. Pituitary gland- containing anterior and posterior lobes.…
Endocrine System
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
Vital function of the Endocrine system
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Endocrine System 2
Thyroid Gland
Isthmus
Follicles
Calcitonin... Thyroid Hormone
Hormoe producing gland located at the base of the throat inde…
Central mass joinind the two lobes of the thyroid gland
Hollow structures that compose the thyroid gland; store a sti…
Two hormones secreted by the thyroid gland
Thyroid Gland
Hormoe producing gland located at the base of the throat inde…
Isthmus
Central mass joinind the two lobes of the thyroid gland
HESI A2 Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Functions of the endocrine system =
the endocrine system & the nervous sys…
the hypothalamus governs the ?
the hypothalamus is controlled by ?
assists nervous system in homeostasis, important roles in gro…
the hypothalamus & the pituitary gland
pituitary
the feedback of hormones in the blood
Functions of the endocrine system =
assists nervous system in homeostasis, important roles in gro…
the endocrine system & the nervous sys…
the hypothalamus & the pituitary gland
14 terms
::Endocrine System::Anatomy and Physiology::
How is homeostasis regulated
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
Explain the two types of feedback cont…
Compare and contrast nervous vs endocr…
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
How is homeostasis regulated
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Components of endocrine system
Purely endocrine glands include
Other structures containing endocrine…
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
hypothalamus, pancreas, gonads, small intestine, stomach, kid…
Chemical messengers ... Produced by endocrine (ductless) glands…
Components of endocrine system
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Purely endocrine glands include
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Glycosolation
endocrinology
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
when the glucose damages the cells then damages the pancreas.…
The study or hormones and the endocrine system
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
Type 2 Diabetes
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine system
gap junctions
Neurotransmitters
paracrine (local) hormones
Hormones
pores in cell membrane allowing signaling chemicals to move f…
released from neurons to travel across gap to 2nd cell
secreted into tissue fluids to affect nearby cells
chemical messengers that travel in the bloodstream, stimulate…
gap junctions
pores in cell membrane allowing signaling chemicals to move f…
Neurotransmitters
released from neurons to travel across gap to 2nd cell
10 terms
Anatomy and physiology- endocrine system
Endocrine system
Glands
Exocrine glands
Endocrine glands
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Specialized organs that remove certain elements from the bloo…
Also known as duct glands produce a substance that travels th…
Also known as ductless glands release secretions called hormo…
Endocrine system
A group of specialized glands that affect the growth, develop…
Glands
Specialized organs that remove certain elements from the bloo…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands
Target tissues
Amplitude modulated signal
Composed of endocrine glands secrete hormones
Ductless and release hormones into interstitial fluid and or…
The tissue that is affected by the hormones
How most endocrine glands communicate with their target tissu…
Endocrine system
Composed of endocrine glands secrete hormones
Endocrine glands
Ductless and release hormones into interstitial fluid and or…
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
hormones
target cells
negative feedback mechanisms
humoral
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
the chief means of regulating blood levels of nearly all horm…
release of hormones in response to changes in nutrient blood…
hormones
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
target cells
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Endocrine system part 2
16.4 Three types of stimuli cause horm…
The synthesis and release of most horm…
In such a mechanism, some internal or…
In such a mechanism, _____________ tri…
...
Negative feedback mechanism
hormone secretion.
some internal or external stimulus
16.4 Three types of stimuli cause horm…
...
The synthesis and release of most horm…
Negative feedback mechanism
1 of 10