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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii endocrine system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii endocrine system"

62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology #2 Endocrine system
Which of the following hormones is a p…
In response to stress, which of the fo…
Which of the following are symptom(s)…
Choose which condition has all of the…
Epinephrine
decreased insulin secretion
heart palpitations
Cushing's disease
Which of the following hormones is a p…
Epinephrine
In response to stress, which of the fo…
decreased insulin secretion
90 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 - endocrine system
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones
Comparison of Nervous and Endocrine Sy…
What is a hormone?
stimulate hormone release
prevent hormone release
• Both use chemicals that bind to receptors on target cells…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are released in one tis…
Releasing hormones
stimulate hormone release
Inhibiting hormones
prevent hormone release
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2- Endocrine System
thyroxine
thyroxine
oxytocin
thyroxine-binding globulin
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of... a.…
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
Which hormone would no longer be secreted if the hypothalamo-…
Which of the following is not a hormone?... a. prolactin... b. pro…
thyroxine
CRH secretion would not raise the blood concentration of... a.…
thyroxine
Which of the following hormones has the least in common with…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Sustains milk production after birth.
Controls secretion of hormones from thyroid gland.
Controls secretion of certain hormones from adrenal cortex.
Promotes secretion of sex hormones; plays a role in releasing…
Prolactin (PRL)
Sustains milk production after birth.
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Controls secretion of hormones from thyroid gland.
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
Receptor
Intrinsic Control Mechanisms
Extrinsic Control Mechanisms
Extrinsic Control Types
The mechanisms that originate within the cell for controlling…
Genetic Regulation/Enzyme Activity Regulation
The mechanisms for controlling the enzymes of a cell that ori…
Nervous System/Endocrine System
Receptor
The mechanisms that originate within the cell for controlling…
Intrinsic Control Mechanisms
Genetic Regulation/Enzyme Activity Regulation
anatomy and physiology 2 lab - endocrine system
pancreas
testes
ovaries
adrenal cortex
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
hormone: progesterone/estrogen... target: uterus, mammary glands…
hormone: cortisol/aldosterone... target: kidneys... effect: promote…
pancreas
hormone: glucagon/insulin... target: liver/adipose tissue/most b…
testes
hormone: testosterone... target: most body cells... effect: sperm p…
30 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Endocrine System
Hormones Control
Antagonistic Hormones
Agonistic Hormones
Synergistic Hormones
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
...
...
...
Hormones Control
Reproduction, growth & development, body defences, H2O, elect…
Antagonistic Hormones
...
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine System
What two types of glands are found in…
What type of gland are sweat glands, s…
What type of gland are the secretions…
Which two systems function closely in…
Exocrine and Endocrine
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrine and Nervous Systems
What two types of glands are found in…
Exocrine and Endocrine
What type of gland are sweat glands, s…
Exocrine Glands
23 terms
Anatomy/Physiology 2 Endocrine System
What is an endocrine gland?
Define hormone and target cell.
Explain how hormones can be grouped on…
Explain how steroid hormones influence…
An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes its hormones dire…
A hormone is a secreted biochemical that affects the function…
Hormones can be grouped into five separate categories:... Steroi…
Steroid hormones, along with thyroid hormones, are soluble li…
What is an endocrine gland?
An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes its hormones dire…
Define hormone and target cell.
A hormone is a secreted biochemical that affects the function…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
38 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy&Physiology 2
growth hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone
follicle stimulating hormone
adenohypophosis, growth hormone releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, thyroid releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, corticotropic releasing hormone
adenohypophosis, gonadotropin releasing hormone
growth hormone
adenohypophosis, growth hormone releasing hormone
thyroid stimulating hormone
adenohypophosis, thyroid releasing hormone
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
90 terms
anatomy & physiology 2 - endocrine system!!!
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones
Comparison of Nervous and Endocrine Sy…
What is a hormone?
stimulate hormone release
prevent hormone release
• Both use chemicals that bind to receptors on target cells…
Hormones are chemical messengers that are released in one tis…
Releasing hormones
stimulate hormone release
Inhibiting hormones
prevent hormone release
49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 Final Exam: Endocrine System
endocrine system
functions of the endocrine system
what are hormones secreted by
activities of bodily hormones
chemical system that functions with the nervous system
long-term metabolic activities -- chemical messenger and horm…
glands
metabolism -- reproduction -- stress response -- energy balance
endocrine system
chemical system that functions with the nervous system
functions of the endocrine system
long-term metabolic activities -- chemical messenger and horm…
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Endocrine system
what are the catecholamine?
What are the steroid hormone?
What is considered to be second messen…
tropic
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
cortisol, aldestorone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone
CAMP, Calcium
a hormone that control the release of another hormone
what are the catecholamine?
Epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine
What are the steroid hormone?
cortisol, aldestorone, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
Adenylate cyclase
Adipose cell
Adrenal androgens
Adrenal cortex
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
masculinizing hormones such as testosterone produced by the a…
the portion of an endocrine gland that produces the hormones…
Adenylate cyclase
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
Adipose cell
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
14 terms
::Endocrine System::Anatomy and Physiology::
How is homeostasis regulated
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
Explain the two types of feedback cont…
Compare and contrast nervous vs endocr…
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
How is homeostasis regulated
1-Intrinsic(auto regulation)... 2-Extrinsic regulation e.g. nerv…
Give examples of normal homeostatic ra…
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
The science of the structure and function of the endocrine sy…
Hormone
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
17 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy & Physiology
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
It's the gate keeper. ... Regulates the release & inhibition of…
The main function of thyroid hormones include increasing cell…
Pituitary Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Pineal Gland
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Glycosolation
endocrinology
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
when the glucose damages the cells then damages the pancreas.…
The study or hormones and the endocrine system
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
Type 2 Diabetes
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
24 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: Quiz 1 Endocrine System
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
Slide #7: ... Thymus
Slide #8: ... Pancreas ... Islets of Langer…
Slide #1: ... Anterior Pituitary ... Poster…
Slide #6:... Thyroid follicle... Follicula…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
92 terms
Anatomy and physiology endocrine system
function of the endocrine system
Endocrine system
endocrine glands
3 types of hormones or chemical messen…
regulate long term processes in the human body
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
groups of scattered glands that aren't related in function an…
1. amino acid derivatives... 2. peptide ... 3. lipid derivatives
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Endocrine system
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System (anatomy)
pineal gland
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
pancreas
pineal gland
pituitary gland
32 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Endocrine System
Hormone
50
Endocrine Organs
Purely endocrine organs
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
Number of hormones produced in the human body
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Hypothalamus ... 4. Thyroi…
1. Pineal Gland... 2. Pituitary Gland... 3. Thymus Gland... 4. Medulla…
Hormone
- A natural substance produced in the body that helps the bod…
50
Number of hormones produced in the human body
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology [Endocrine System]
Endocrine System
Pituitary gland
Hypothalamus
Pineal gland
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
Serves as a bridge between the nervous system and the hormona…
Maintains circadian rhythms and sleep-awake patterns
Endocrine System
* Responsible for the production and secretion of hormones fr…
Pituitary gland
* Anterior pituitary gland produces GH, TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, a…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System Pt. 2
function of the endocrine system
Endocrine system
endocrine glands
3 types of hormones or chemical messen…
regulate long term processes in the human body
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
groups of scattered glands that aren't related in function an…
1. amino acid derivatives... 2. peptide ... 3. lipid derivatives
function of the endocrine system
regulate long term processes in the human body
Endocrine system
relies on hormones released in the blood... hormones travel to o…
58 terms
Anatomy and physiology- Endocrine system
GH
PRL
TSH
ACTH
Growth hormone
Prolactin
Thyroid stimulating hormone
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
GH
Growth hormone
PRL
Prolactin
57 terms
Anatomy & Physiology-Endocrine System
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Hormone that are Amino Acid based incl…
The Hormone of steroid is made of?
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
Proteins ... Peptides... Amines
Cholestrol
Hormones Control Several Major Process…
Reproduction ... Growth & Development ... Mobilization of body defe…
Hormones are classified chemically nam…
Amino acid-based ... Steroids... Prostaglandins
135 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2 - Chapter 18 - Endocrine System
Nervous/Endocrine
mineralocorticoid
Endocrine System
Hormone
Systems that act together to coordinate functions of all body…
helps regulate sodium and potassium
Controls body activities by releasing mediators, called hormo…
A mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
Nervous/Endocrine
Systems that act together to coordinate functions of all body…
mineralocorticoid
helps regulate sodium and potassium
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
2
Adenohypophysis, 3
Neurohypophysis, 1
"Master Gland"
The pituitary has how many lobes?
The anterior lobe of the pituitary is called? How many cell t…
The posterior lobe of the pituitary is called? How many cell…
Pituitary Gland
"Master Gland"
2
The pituitary has how many lobes?
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System Part 2
Synergistic Interaction
Synergistic Example
Permissive Interaction
Permissive Example
- multiple stimuli ... - more additive ... - works together to prom…
- Effects of 3 hormones on glucose concentration ... - Cortisol,…
- Need a second hormone to get full expression
- Calcitriol is only activated by the presence of PTH... - this…
Synergistic Interaction
- multiple stimuli ... - more additive ... - works together to prom…
Synergistic Example
- Effects of 3 hormones on glucose concentration ... - Cortisol,…
44 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
Endocrine Function
Nervous System Signaling
Endocrine System Signaling
Hormone
Release hormones that will in turn affect behavior of another…
movement of nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
slow, gradual hormone release by a gland into the bloodstream
signal that travels throughout the body via the bloodstrem
Endocrine Function
Release hormones that will in turn affect behavior of another…
Nervous System Signaling
movement of nerve impulses to release neurotransmitters
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 18 Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
Major Endocrine Glands
adjusts metabolic rates and substrate utilization; regulates…
are glands that secrete their products (hormones) into extrac…
are glands that contain ducts and carry secretions into body…
Hypothalamus, Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, p…
Endocrine System
adjusts metabolic rates and substrate utilization; regulates…
Endocrine Glands
are glands that secrete their products (hormones) into extrac…
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Endocrine System 2
Thyroid Gland
Isthmus
Follicles
Calcitonin... Thyroid Hormone
Hormoe producing gland located at the base of the throat inde…
Central mass joinind the two lobes of the thyroid gland
Hollow structures that compose the thyroid gland; store a sti…
Two hormones secreted by the thyroid gland
Thyroid Gland
Hormoe producing gland located at the base of the throat inde…
Isthmus
Central mass joinind the two lobes of the thyroid gland
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Components of endocrine system
Purely endocrine glands include
Other structures containing endocrine…
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
hypothalamus, pancreas, gonads, small intestine, stomach, kid…
Chemical messengers ... Produced by endocrine (ductless) glands…
Components of endocrine system
Endocrine (ductless) glands and endocrine tissues in other st…
Purely endocrine glands include
Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
hormones
target cells
negative feedback mechanisms
humoral
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
the chief means of regulating blood levels of nearly all horm…
release of hormones in response to changes in nutrient blood…
hormones
chemical messengers secreted by cells and transported through…
target cells
hormones that affect only the cells that they are able to att…
13 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine System
Vital function of the Endocrine system
Hormones
Endocrine system glands
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
From the Greek, meaning 'to excite' or 'to urge on'. As the b…
1. Pituitary gland- containing anterior and posterior lobes.…
Endocrine System
The endocrine system is made up of glands (ductless) which di…
Vital function of the Endocrine system
The vital function of the endocrine system involves the produ…
49 terms
anatomy and physiology: endocrine system
endocrine glands
exocrine glands
hypothalamus
pituitary
ductless, secrete into blood or tissue
have ducts, secrete onto open surfaces like skin or the linin…
master master gland, connects endocrine and nervous system wi…
master gland
endocrine glands
ductless, secrete into blood or tissue
exocrine glands
have ducts, secrete onto open surfaces like skin or the linin…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Endocrine System)
chemical composition and volume
Endocrine system
cope with stress
Endocrine system
The endocrine system controls the internal environment by reg…
What responds to environmental changes?
The endocrine system helps the body do what?
What regulates growth, development, and all phases of reprodu…
chemical composition and volume
The endocrine system controls the internal environment by reg…
Endocrine system
What responds to environmental changes?
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Neurotransmitter
Hormones
Endocrinology
Neuroendocrine
Released from axon terminals
Released from glands
Science concerned with the structure and function of the endo…
Combination of the nervous and endocrine systems
Neurotransmitter
Released from axon terminals
Hormones
Released from glands
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Of The Endocrine System
3.1- Describe the role of intercellula…
3.2- Define homeostasis and describe t…
3.3- Compare and contrast endocrine ve…
3.4- Describe the anatomy of the endoc…
In order to preserve homeostasis, cellular activities and int…
Homeostasis is the existence of a stable internal environment…
The endocrine and nervous systems work in parallel to control…
The endocrine glands from top the bottom include the pineal,…
3.1- Describe the role of intercellula…
In order to preserve homeostasis, cellular activities and int…
3.2- Define homeostasis and describe t…
Homeostasis is the existence of a stable internal environment…
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormones
endocrine glands
pituitary
hypothalamus
tiny chemical messengers located inside of the body. They are…
highly specialized group of cells responsible for making horm…
found inside of the skull, just above the nasal passages. It…
not officially considered a major endocrine gland, serves an…
Hormones
tiny chemical messengers located inside of the body. They are…
endocrine glands
highly specialized group of cells responsible for making horm…
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