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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii urinary system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology ii urinary system"

50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2- Urinary System
detrusor
the glomerus
urea
the fibrous capsule
Micturition occurs when the _________ contracts.... a. detrusor…
The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called... a. th…
Which of these is the most abundant nitrogenous waste in the…
Which of these lies closest to the renal cortex?... a. the pari…
detrusor
Micturition occurs when the _________ contracts.... a. detrusor…
the glomerus
The compact ball of capillaries in a nephron is called... a. th…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Urinary System
Urinary System
renal cortex
renal medulla
renal pelvis
Elimination of waste products through urine.
outer region.
inside region.
inner collecting tube.
Urinary System
Elimination of waste products through urine.
renal cortex
outer region.
30 terms
URINARY SYSTEM: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
Urinary system consists of
Kidneys produce urine in order to
Organ that transports urine toward the…
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
2 kidneys (left & right), 2 ureters, 1 urinary bladder & 1 ur…
maintain homeostasis
Ureters
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
Urinary system consists of
2 kidneys (left & right), 2 ureters, 1 urinary bladder & 1 ur…
174 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Urinary System
What does the Urinary System consist of?
In what ways does the Urinary System m…
What shape are the kidneys? Where are…
What are the three layers of tissue su…
-kidneys... -ureters... -bladder... -urethra... -associated nerves and bl…
-regulating blood volume, blood pressure, pH, and concentrati…
-bean shaped... -just above the waist between the peritoneum and…
1. renal capsule (deep layer)... 2. adipose capsule (middle laye…
What does the Urinary System consist of?
-kidneys... -ureters... -bladder... -urethra... -associated nerves and bl…
In what ways does the Urinary System m…
-regulating blood volume, blood pressure, pH, and concentrati…
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
41 terms
URINARY SYSTEM: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
URINARY SYSTEM filters
Excretion
Regulation
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
1) urine- production of filtrate... 2) blood
removal of organic waste products from body fluids
of blood volume, blood composition, blood pressure, pH level,…
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
URINARY SYSTEM filters
1) urine- production of filtrate... 2) blood
80 terms
Urinary System: Anatomy and Physiology
What does the urinary system include?
What types of nitrogenous waste is eli…
What is Ammonia?
What is Urea??
Two kidneys, two ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
Ammonia, Urea, Uric acid, and Creatinine
Super toxic to the body. Transported to the liver where it is…
Slightly less toxic substance than ammonia and the kidney wil…
What does the urinary system include?
Two kidneys, two ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra
What types of nitrogenous waste is eli…
Ammonia, Urea, Uric acid, and Creatinine
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Lecture Urinary System
Excretion ... Elimination... Homeostatic reg…
Excretion
Elimination
Homeostatic regulation
Primary functions of thr urinary system
Removal of organic waste products from bodily fluids
Discharge of waste products out of the body
Regulates the volume and solute concentration of blood plasma
Excretion ... Elimination... Homeostatic reg…
Primary functions of thr urinary system
Excretion
Removal of organic waste products from bodily fluids
128 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 2: The Urinary System Module Review
Urinary
Kidneys
System
Renal artery
System that includes two kidneys (pumps/filters), two ureters…
The urinary system removes nitrogenous wastes (urea, ammonia,…
The urinary ___ removes metabolic wastes from the blood, regu…
Blood is brought to the kidney from the ____ ____.
Urinary
System that includes two kidneys (pumps/filters), two ureters…
Kidneys
The urinary system removes nitrogenous wastes (urea, ammonia,…
6 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System (anatomy)
kidney
kidney
ureter
ureter
kidney
kidney
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
41 terms
URINARY SYSTEM: ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
URINARY SYSTEM filters
Excretion
Regulation
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
1) urine- production of filtrate... 2) blood
removal of organic waste products from body fluids
of blood volume, blood composition, blood pressure, pH level,…
URINARY SYSTEM FUNCTIONS
1) Filtration/Excrection of body fluids... 2) Elimination of was…
URINARY SYSTEM filters
1) urine- production of filtrate... 2) blood
22 terms
anatomy and physiology of urinary system
what is the general anatomy of the kid…
what is the vascular input?
what are the 2 endocrine functions of…
what is the renal corpuscle composed of?
right kidney more cranial... adrenal glands cranial and medial t…
renal artery under high pressure... receives 25-30% CO
renin secretion to control BP... erythropoietin for production o…
-epithelial cup (bowmans capsule)... -knot of capillaries... -glome…
what is the general anatomy of the kid…
right kidney more cranial... adrenal glands cranial and medial t…
what is the vascular input?
renal artery under high pressure... receives 25-30% CO
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Urinary system)
Which is not a major function of the k…
This is the formation of a new glucose…
Which of the following is a waste prod…
This is smooth dense irregular connect…
regulation of blood cell size
gluconeogenesis
urea
renal capsule
Which is not a major function of the k…
regulation of blood cell size
This is the formation of a new glucose…
gluconeogenesis
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
Nephron
Glomerulus
Functional unit of the kidney
Ball of capillaries
Renal Cortex
Renal Medulla
33 terms
Urinary system anatomy and physiology
basic urinary anatomy
basic kidney function
external kidney anatomy
cortex
renal artery and vein ... vena cava ... dorsal aorta... kidneys... ureter…
filter plasma, then reabsorb water and useful substances... retr…
kidney capsule... cortex... medulla... renal pelvis... renal crest... renal…
glomeruli, convoluted tubules (where initial filtering takes…
basic urinary anatomy
renal artery and vein ... vena cava ... dorsal aorta... kidneys... ureter…
basic kidney function
filter plasma, then reabsorb water and useful substances... retr…
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System
kidney
nephron
regulates blood volume and blood press…
regulates plasma ion concentrations
gross anatomy of the urinary system
microscopic anatomy of the urinary system
homeostatic function of the urinary system that:... -adjusts vol…
homeostatic function of the urinary system that:... -conrols qua…
kidney
gross anatomy of the urinary system
nephron
microscopic anatomy of the urinary system
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
44 terms
Urinary System Anatomy And Physiology
Three major functions of the Renal sys…
Excretion
Elimination
Structures of the Urinary System
Excretion, elimination, homeostatic regulation
the removal of organic waste products from body fluids
the discharge of these waste productions into the environment
Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary bladder, Urethra
Three major functions of the Renal sys…
Excretion, elimination, homeostatic regulation
Excretion
the removal of organic waste products from body fluids
139 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System Part 2
Juxtaglomerular complex
Mascula dense cells
Renin
Renin and angiotensinogen
- contains mascula dense cells
- sense chloride ion concentration ... - secretes erythropoietin…
- mediates extracellular volume, arterial constriction and BP…
- turns into angiotensin I to form the active angiotensin II
Juxtaglomerular complex
- contains mascula dense cells
Mascula dense cells
- sense chloride ion concentration ... - secretes erythropoietin…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System
kidney
nephron
regulates blood volume and blood press…
regulates plasma ion concentrations
gross anatomy of the urinary system
microscopic anatomy of the urinary system
homeostatic function of the urinary system that:... -adjusts vol…
homeostatic function of the urinary system that:... -conrols qua…
kidney
gross anatomy of the urinary system
nephron
microscopic anatomy of the urinary system
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Urinary System
Kidney
Ureter
Urinary Bladder
Urethra
Where the filtering of the blood occurs.
Urine is carried from the kidney to the urinary bladder in tu…
Urine is stored/held inside of the _________ until one feels…
Carries urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of a pe…
Kidney
Where the filtering of the blood occurs.
Ureter
Urine is carried from the kidney to the urinary bladder in tu…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System
RAAS
Renin
Angeotensinogen
Aldosterone
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System... Regulates blood pressure
Released by the Kidney to transform Angiotensinogen to Angiot…
Released by Liver
Hormone that regulates Sodium and Potassium levels in the blood
RAAS
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System... Regulates blood pressure
Renin
Released by the Kidney to transform Angiotensinogen to Angiot…
49 terms
Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology
Functions of the urinary system
metabolic wastes
nitrogenous wastes
BUN (blood urea nitrogen)
filter plasma and eliminate waste... regulate blood volume and b…
wastes produced by the body
most toxic waste... ammonia, urea, uric acid, creatinine
estimates kidney function... measure of nitrogenous wastes in th…
Functions of the urinary system
filter plasma and eliminate waste... regulate blood volume and b…
metabolic wastes
wastes produced by the body
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Urinary System
What is the primary job of the urinary…
where are the kidneys located
what surrounds the kidneys
small raised portion on the medial sid…
rid the body of excess nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes and p…
retroperotineal space
connective capsule and renal fat pad
renal hilum
What is the primary job of the urinary…
rid the body of excess nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes and p…
where are the kidneys located
retroperotineal space
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Urinary System
pH balance
Detoxification
Ureter
Urethra
regulates gain and loss of hydrogen and bicarbonate ions to b…
assists the liver in neutralizing toxic substances
tube that extends from the kidney to the bladder
Small tube that permits passage of urine from bladder to the…
pH balance
regulates gain and loss of hydrogen and bicarbonate ions to b…
Detoxification
assists the liver in neutralizing toxic substances
13 terms
Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology
The urinary system consists of:
The urinary system is also called the:
The vital function of the urinary syst…
Kidneys
2 Kidneys, 2 Ureters, 1 Bladder and 1 Urethra
1. Excretory system... 2. Genitourinary system... 3. Urogenital sys…
extract certain wastes from the bloodstream, convert these ma…
The kidneys are purplish-brown, bean-shaped organs located be…
The urinary system consists of:
2 Kidneys, 2 Ureters, 1 Bladder and 1 Urethra
The urinary system is also called the:
1. Excretory system... 2. Genitourinary system... 3. Urogenital sys…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Urinary system
Osmolarity of filtrate entering the pr…
osmolarity of tubular fluid exiting th…
lumen of nephron in the proximal convo…
sodium movement in the proximal convol…
300
300
contains filtrate
enters blood through co transport and diffusion
Osmolarity of filtrate entering the pr…
300
osmolarity of tubular fluid exiting th…
300
27 terms
anatomy and physiology: urinary system
Internal kidney
Kidney functions
nephron
What is in normal urine?
formation of urine
regulate blood tonic, regulate glucose levels, regulate blood…
parts are in cortex and medulla
urea, uric acid and creatinine
Internal kidney
formation of urine
Kidney functions
regulate blood tonic, regulate glucose levels, regulate blood…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Urinary System
Kidney
Urinary Bladder
Ureter
Urethra
Filters blood and removes wastes in the form of urine
Made of transitional epithelium; provides a temporary storage…
Tube that transports urine from the kidneys to the bladder; m…
Canal that transports urine from the bladder to the outside o…
Kidney
Filters blood and removes wastes in the form of urine
Urinary Bladder
Made of transitional epithelium; provides a temporary storage…
26 terms
The Urinary System Anatomy and Physiology
Urinary System Main Functions
Kidneys
Ureters
Urinary Bladder
Excretion, Elimination, and Homeostatic regulation
Filter excess fluid, electrolytes, and waste products from th…
Carries urine from the renal pelvis to the urinary bladder; c…
Hollow, muscular, and elastic organ that collects the filtrate.
Urinary System Main Functions
Excretion, Elimination, and Homeostatic regulation
Kidneys
Filter excess fluid, electrolytes, and waste products from th…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Urinary System
components
functions of urinary system
location of kidneys
kidney
-kidneys (2)... -ureters (2)... -bladder (1)... urethra (1)
regulates:... -volume... -composition... -pH of body fluids... -removal o…
-positioned retroperitoneally ... -between the 12th thoracic and…
reddish brown, bean-shaped organ, 12cm long, it is enclosed i…
components
-kidneys (2)... -ureters (2)... -bladder (1)... urethra (1)
functions of urinary system
regulates:... -volume... -composition... -pH of body fluids... -removal o…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Urinary System
Urinary System consist of:
Referred to as the:
Excretion
Excretion
2 Kidneys, 2 edUreters, 1 Urinary bladder, 1 Urethra
Excretory System, Genitourinary System (GU), or Urogenital Sy…
Removes Nitrogenous Wastes, ( wastes that contain nitrogen; i…
Helps maintain a normal acid-base balance by evaluating eleme…
Urinary System consist of:
2 Kidneys, 2 edUreters, 1 Urinary bladder, 1 Urethra
Referred to as the:
Excretory System, Genitourinary System (GU), or Urogenital Sy…
99 terms
Anatomy and physiology: the urinary system
what comprises the urinary system?
kidneys
kidney function
elimination of nitrogenous waste: basic
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
have an adipose pad that makes them larger... filter nitrogenous…
produce EPO... produce calcitriol: used in vitamin d pathway... pla…
deamination takes place in the liver, because it can deal wit…
what comprises the urinary system?
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
kidneys
have an adipose pad that makes them larger... filter nitrogenous…
129 terms
Urinary System - Anatomy & Physiology
What does the urinary system consist of?
What are the two functions of the urin…
How much of the blood leaving the hear…
Where is the urinary system located in…
It consists of all organs that are involved in the formation…
1. excreting wastes... 2. regulating the composition of blood
1/3
posterior to the peritoneum lining the abdominal cavity (retr…
What does the urinary system consist of?
It consists of all organs that are involved in the formation…
What are the two functions of the urin…
1. excreting wastes... 2. regulating the composition of blood
65 terms
HESI A2 Anatomy & Physiology: Urinary System
the urinary system consists of
kidneys filter
tubes that transport urine to the urin…
urination from the bladder to the outs…
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 urinary bladder, the urethra
blood
ureters
urethra
the urinary system consists of
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 urinary bladder, the urethra
kidneys filter
blood
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - The Urinary System
kidney
adrenal gland
retroperitoneal
hilum
One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of…
One of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of o…
External to or posterior to the peritoneum
Anatomic nomenclature for a depression or pit at the part of…
kidney
One of a pair of organs located in the right and left side of…
adrenal gland
One of a pair of small glands, each of which sits on top of o…
76 terms
Anatomy & Physiology ~ Urinary System
What is the function of the urinary sy…
What are the urinary system organs?
What do the kidneys do?
What do the ureters do?
To remove metabolic wastes from the blood and direct the wast…
Kidneys, 2. Ureters, 2. Urinary bladder, 1. Urethra, 1.
Filter blood and produce urine
Transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder
What is the function of the urinary sy…
To remove metabolic wastes from the blood and direct the wast…
What are the urinary system organs?
Kidneys, 2. Ureters, 2. Urinary bladder, 1. Urethra, 1.
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Urinary system)
Which is not a major function of the k…
This is the formation of a new glucose…
Which of the following is a waste prod…
This is smooth dense irregular connect…
regulation of blood cell size
gluconeogenesis
urea
renal capsule
Which is not a major function of the k…
regulation of blood cell size
This is the formation of a new glucose…
gluconeogenesis
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