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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology joints"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology joints"

47 terms
Joint Anatomy and Physiology copy
Two types of Joints
Two types of Synarthroses Joints
Three types of Fibrous Joints
Fibrous Joints
Synarthroses and Diarthroses
Fibrous and Cartilaginous
Sutures, Gomphosis, & Syndesmosis
Fibrous Tissues connect bone to bone
Two types of Joints
Synarthroses and Diarthroses
Two types of Synarthroses Joints
Fibrous and Cartilaginous
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Joints
Name and describe the three functional…
Name and describe the three structural…
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joint
-Synarthrosis: immovable... *EX: Sutures of the skull... -Amphiarth…
-Fibrous... -Cartilaginous... -Synovial
-Articulating bones are held together by dense fibrous connec…
-Articulating bones are held together with cartilage... -Two typ…
Name and describe the three functional…
-Synarthrosis: immovable... *EX: Sutures of the skull... -Amphiarth…
Name and describe the three structural…
-Fibrous... -Cartilaginous... -Synovial
8 terms
anatomy and physiology -- joints
Joints
categories of joints
Bony joints
Fibrous joints ( synarthrosis)
Any point where 2 bones meet regardless of whether it is mova…
bony, fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
gap between 2 bones. immobile. (can occur in fibrous or carti…
collagen fibers span the space between bones
Joints
Any point where 2 bones meet regardless of whether it is mova…
categories of joints
bony, fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
Anatomy and Physiology "Joints"
Amphiarthrosis
Articulation (joint)
Joints connect
Simple human joints
Nonsynovial cartilaginous joint that is slightly movable
Connects parts of a structure
200 bones of various sizes and shapes in the human skeleton
Less mobile and more stable
Amphiarthrosis
Nonsynovial cartilaginous joint that is slightly movable
Articulation (joint)
Connects parts of a structure
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Joints
synarthrotic
amphiarthrotic
diarthrotic
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
immobile joints
slightly mobile joint
freely moving joint
description joints based on structures
synarthrotic
immobile joints
amphiarthrotic
slightly mobile joint
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Joints
arthrology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous
Synovial
study of joints
dense regular connective tissue
cartilage being located at the joint
type of membrane located at this joint, cavity at the articul…
arthrology
study of joints
fibrous joints
dense regular connective tissue
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Joints
Synarthrotic
Ampiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
Syndesmosis (structure)
No movement
Limited movement
Free movement
Fibrous
Synarthrotic
No movement
Ampiarthrotic
Limited movement
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Joints
Joints
2 Functions of joints
12 Types of ordinary body movements
2 Joints classfication
articulation of bones, joined by cartilage and ligaments
1. hold bones together... 2. allow for mobility
1. flexion- bending/decrease angle of joint... 2. extension- inc…
1. functionally- based on relative joint mobility... 2. structur…
Joints
articulation of bones, joined by cartilage and ligaments
2 Functions of joints
1. hold bones together... 2. allow for mobility
31 terms
Anatomy and physiology Joints
Joint
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Synovial Joints
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
An immovable joint bound by collagen.... Sutures (Cranial Bones)
Is a slightly movable joint.... Example: ribs & manubrium
Have a synovial (joint) cavity between the articulating bones…
Joint
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
Synarthrosis
An immovable joint bound by collagen.... Sutures (Cranial Bones)
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Joints
Joint
Immovable Joints
Slightly Movable Joints
Freely Movable Joints
An articulation or site where two or more bones meet; they se…
(Synarthrotic) The connecting fibers holding bones together a…
(Amphiarthrotic) A type of continuous, and only capable of mo…
(Diarthrotic) A joint that can move easily; capable of full m…
Joint
An articulation or site where two or more bones meet; they se…
Immovable Joints
(Synarthrotic) The connecting fibers holding bones together a…
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lecture Joints
Fibrous Joints
suture
syndemoses
Gomphosis
In this type of joint, bones are joined together by fibrous t…
occurs between the bones of the skull and use very short conn…
joint in which the bones are connected by a ligament, which i…
Peg in socket fibrous joint. Examples include the joint holdi…
Fibrous Joints
In this type of joint, bones are joined together by fibrous t…
suture
occurs between the bones of the skull and use very short conn…
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Joints
Suture
Syndesmosis
Gomphosis
Synarthroses
Joint held together with very short, interconnecting fibers,…
Joint held together by a ligament Fibrous tissue can vary in…
Peg in a socket fibrous joint. Periodontal ligament holds too…
Immovable joints
Suture
Joint held together with very short, interconnecting fibers,…
Syndesmosis
Joint held together by a ligament Fibrous tissue can vary in…
47 terms
Anatomy and physiology Joints
Joint
Structural Classification of Joints
Functional Classification of Joints
Synarthrosis
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
Based on the presence of synovial (joint) cavity and type of…
Based on the degree of movements allowed.
An immovable joint.... Example: Cranial Bones
Joint
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
Structural Classification of Joints
Based on the presence of synovial (joint) cavity and type of…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Joints
Joint classifications
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous joints
Synovial joints
Joints are classified structurally, based on their anatomical…
There is no synovial cavity, and the bones are held together…
There is no synovial cavity, and the bones are held together…
The bones forming the joint have a synovial cavity and are un…
Joint classifications
Joints are classified structurally, based on their anatomical…
Fibrous Joint
There is no synovial cavity, and the bones are held together…
20 terms
Joints | Anatomy and Physiology
Articulation
Synarthosis
Amphiarthosis
Diarthrosis
A joint; point where two bones meet.
Immovable joint.
A slightly movable joint.
A freely movable joint; also called a synovial joint.
Articulation
A joint; point where two bones meet.
Synarthosis
Immovable joint.
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Joints
Functional Classification
Structural Classification
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
type of movement they permit
anatomical position, presence or absent of space bet articula…
an immovable joint
a slightly movable joint
Functional Classification
type of movement they permit
Structural Classification
anatomical position, presence or absent of space bet articula…
36 terms
anatomy and physiology JOINTS
distal phalanx/middle phalanx
tarsal bone/calcaneous
pubis of os coxa/pubis of os coxa
tooth/mandible
hinge
gliding
symphysis
gomphosis
distal phalanx/middle phalanx
hinge
tarsal bone/calcaneous
gliding
51 terms
Anatomy and physiology Joints
Joint
Structural Classification of Joints
Functional Classification of Joints
Synarthrosis
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
Based on the presence of synovial (joint) cavity and type of…
Based on the degree of movements allowed.
An immovable joint.... Example: Cranial Bones
Joint
A point of contact between two or more bones between cartilag…
Structural Classification of Joints
Based on the presence of synovial (joint) cavity and type of…
37 terms
JOINTS - Anatomy and Physiology
What are the 3 groups of joints?
What are fibrous joints and how are th…
What are some fibrous joints classifie…
What are cartilaginous joints and how…
1. Fibrous Joints ... 2. Cartilaginous Joints... 3. Synovial Joints
- immovable joints... - united by dense fibrous connective tissu…
- synarthroses ... - type of joint that permits little to no mov…
- joints that allow limited movement or no movement at all... -…
What are the 3 groups of joints?
1. Fibrous Joints ... 2. Cartilaginous Joints... 3. Synovial Joints
What are fibrous joints and how are th…
- immovable joints... - united by dense fibrous connective tissu…
50 terms
anatomy and physiology: joints
articulations(joints) or arthroses
what are the functions of joints?
What are the structural classification…
What are the functional classification…
where bones come together
give the skeleton mobility, hold the skeleton together
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
Synarthrosis, Amphiarthrosis, diarthrosis
articulations(joints) or arthroses
where bones come together
what are the functions of joints?
give the skeleton mobility, hold the skeleton together
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Joints
Are bones flexible?
Where can bones generate movement
Articulations
What is the type of movement possible…
No. They are relatively inflexible
-Can only generate movement at articulations
Where 2 bones interconnect
The structure of a joint
Are bones flexible?
No. They are relatively inflexible
Where can bones generate movement
-Can only generate movement at articulations
Anatomy and physiology- Types of Synovial Joints
Saddle Joint
Ball and Socket Joint
Hinge Joint
Pivot Joint
Articular surface of one bone is saddle shaped, the second bo…
A ball shaped head of one bone articulate with a cup like soc…
A cylindrical protrusion of one bone articulates with a troug…
A rounded structures of one bone articulates with a ring-shap…
Saddle Joint
Articular surface of one bone is saddle shaped, the second bo…
Ball and Socket Joint
A ball shaped head of one bone articulate with a cup like soc…
36 terms
anatomy and physiology JOINTS
distal phalanx/middle phalanx
tarsal bone/calcaneous
pubis of os coxa/pubis of os coxa
tooth/mandible
hinge
gliding
symphysis
gomphosis
distal phalanx/middle phalanx
hinge
tarsal bone/calcaneous
gliding
7 terms
Anatomy and physiology - Synovial joints
Synovial fluid
Articular capsule
Synovial membrane
Articular cartilage
Fills joint capsule and lubricates articular cartilage
Fibrous tissue around a joint
Lines joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid
Covers the ends of articulating bones
Synovial fluid
Fills joint capsule and lubricates articular cartilage
Articular capsule
Fibrous tissue around a joint
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Synovial Joints
Articular Cartilage
Fibrous Articular Capsule
Ligaments
Plane Joint
-Covers end of bone
-Encloses joint surfaces
-Reinforce joints
-Short sliding movements... -Nonaxial... -Carpals
Articular Cartilage
-Covers end of bone
Fibrous Articular Capsule
-Encloses joint surfaces
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Synovial Joints
Joint Capsule
Articular Cartilage
Synovial Fluid
Synovial membrane
Structure- A tough fibrous tissue that has two layers, with t…
Thin layer of glassy-smooth cartilage that is quite spongy an…
Definition- A slippery fluid the consistency of egg whites th…
Soft tissue found between the articular capsuale and the join…
Joint Capsule
Structure- A tough fibrous tissue that has two layers, with t…
Articular Cartilage
Thin layer of glassy-smooth cartilage that is quite spongy an…
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Bones and Joints
Ligaments
Support
Tendons
Effects of aging
Attach bone to bone
of body as a whole and of organs ... example: ribcage
attach muscle to bone
brittleness of bone... bones become weak ... bone poverty
Ligaments
Attach bone to bone
Support
of body as a whole and of organs ... example: ribcage
Anatomy and Physiology 156: Joints
arthrology
kinesiology
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
study of joints
study of motion of human body
immovable joint (mature suture joints)
slightly movable joint (intervertebral)
arthrology
study of joints
kinesiology
study of motion of human body
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Joints/Movements
synovial
ball & socket
hinge
saddle
bone ends/parts covered with articular cartilage and closed w…
multi axial (shoulder and hip joints)
uniaxial (elbow and interphalangeal joints)
biaxial (carpometacarpal joint of the thumb and ankle joint)
synovial
bone ends/parts covered with articular cartilage and closed w…
ball & socket
multi axial (shoulder and hip joints)
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology of joints
Articulation
Classification of joints.
Function as a classification
Synarthroses
site where two or more bones meet.
Classified by function and structure
How much freedom of movement is allowed at that joint? Rarely…
immovable joint (skull)
Articulation
site where two or more bones meet.
Classification of joints.
Classified by function and structure
31 terms
Joints (Human Anatomy and Physiology I)
Joints
Arthrology
Joint name
Joints Classified
Any point where two bones meet
Science of joint structure, function, and disfunction
Derived from where joints are located ... ex: Radioulnar joint
Derived from manner in which bones are bound to each other
Joints
Any point where two bones meet
Arthrology
Science of joint structure, function, and disfunction
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 Joints
Shoulder Joint
Acromioclavicular Ligament
Glenohumeral Ligament
Coracoclavicular Ligament
3 ligaments
Connects the Acromion Process of the Scapula to the Clavicle
Connects the Glenoid Cavity of the Scapula to the Lesser Tube…
Connects the Caracoid Process of the Scapula to the Clavicle
Shoulder Joint
3 ligaments
Acromioclavicular Ligament
Connects the Acromion Process of the Scapula to the Clavicle
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Joints
Synarthrosis
Examples of Synarthrosis
Synotosis
Diarthrosis
Immovable joints
Sutures & Synotosis
A joint formed by fusion of two bones and the boundary betwee…
Freely movable joints
Synarthrosis
Immovable joints
Examples of Synarthrosis
Sutures & Synotosis
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Articulations(Joints)
articulation(joints)
functions of joints
two classifications of joints
functional joints
site where two or more bones meet
gives the skeleton mobility and holds the skeleton together
functional and structural
-based on the amount of movement joint allows... -includes synar…
articulation(joints)
site where two or more bones meet
functions of joints
gives the skeleton mobility and holds the skeleton together
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (joints)
Joints
Joint Classification
Fibrous Joints
Cartilaginous
functional junctions between bones, it allows skeleton to cha…
fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, synovial joints, synart…
dense connective tissue connect bones, between bones in close…
hyaline cartilage or fibrocaritlage
Joints
functional junctions between bones, it allows skeleton to cha…
Joint Classification
fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, synovial joints, synart…
50 terms
Joint - Anatomy and Physiology
Functional classification of joint
Synarthroses joint
Amphiathroses going
diathroses joint
classified based on amount of mobility... There are 3 functiona…
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
Functional classification of joint
classified based on amount of mobility... There are 3 functiona…
Synarthroses joint
immovable joint
20 terms
anatomy physiology / joints
Synovial
Fibrous
Appendicular skeleton
Ball-and-socket joint
Which of the following types of joint has the most movement?H…
The sutures between the bones of the skull are what kind of j…
Which portion of the skeleton contains mostly movable joints?
The shoulder joint is an example of a
Synovial
Which of the following types of joint has the most movement?H…
Fibrous
The sutures between the bones of the skull are what kind of j…
33 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology: Joints
Ball-and-socket joint
Gliding joints
Hinge joint
Pivot Joint
Consists of a bone with a globular or slightly egg-shaped hea…
The articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved.…
The convex surface of one bone fits into the concave surface…
The cylindrical surface of one bone rotates within a ring for…
Ball-and-socket joint
Consists of a bone with a globular or slightly egg-shaped hea…
Gliding joints
The articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved.…
human anatomy and physiology: joints
flexion
extension
dorsiflexion
plantar flexion
bending at knee
straightening the knee
rocking back on knee
standing on toes
flexion
bending at knee
extension
straightening the knee
142 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Joints
Functional Classifications of Joints
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
Synarthrotic, Diarthrotic, and Amphiarthrotic
Immovable
Slightly movable
Freely movable
Functional Classifications of Joints
Synarthrotic, Diarthrotic, and Amphiarthrotic
Synarthrotic
Immovable
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Joints Test
What are joints also known as?
What do Articulations do?
What are synarthroses joints?
What are amphiarthroses joints?
Articulations
hold bones together, allow flexibility of the skeleton
immovable joints
slightly movable joints
What are joints also known as?
Articulations
What do Articulations do?
hold bones together, allow flexibility of the skeleton
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Joints
what are the four types of joints
what are bony joints and where are the…
What are fibrous joints and what are t…
what are cartilaginous joints and what…
- Bony... - Fibrous... - Cartilaginous... - Synovial
-immobile joint formed by ossification of gap between bones... -…
-adjacent bones attached by collagen fibers... types: - Sutures…
bones linked by cartilage... -synchondroses (epiphyses and diaph…
what are the four types of joints
- Bony... - Fibrous... - Cartilaginous... - Synovial
what are bony joints and where are the…
-immobile joint formed by ossification of gap between bones... -…
75 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Joints
an immovable joint
a slightly movable joint
a freely movable joint
a joint formed by fusion of two bones
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis
synostosis
an immovable joint
synarthrosis
a slightly movable joint
amphiarthrosis
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Body Joints
Cranial and facial bones
occipital bone/ atlas
atlas/axis
between vertebrae
fibrous suture
sunovial condylar
synovial pivot
cartilaginous symphysis
Cranial and facial bones
fibrous suture
occipital bone/ atlas
sunovial condylar
27 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Joints
Joints
Functional Classification
Synarthrose Joints
Amphiarthrose Joints
-2 Fundamental Functions:... >Allows the skeleton mobility... >Ho…
-Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint... -3 Clas…
"Immovable" Joint classification
"Slightly moveable" Joint classification
Joints
-2 Fundamental Functions:... >Allows the skeleton mobility... >Ho…
Functional Classification
-Based on the amount of movement allowed at the joint... -3 Clas…
20 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Joints
joints
Bony joints (synostosis)
Fibrous joints (synarthrosis)... a. Sutur…
Cartilaginous joints (amphiarthrosis)…
The name of a joint is typically derived from the names of th…
immovable joints formed when the gap between two bones ossifi…
point at which adjacent bones are bound by collagen fibers th…
two bones are linked by cartilage. There are two types of the…
joints
The name of a joint is typically derived from the names of th…
Bony joints (synostosis)
immovable joints formed when the gap between two bones ossifi…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Bone Joints and Joint Movements
What are joints?
How are joints classified?
What are the 3 classifications for joi…
Fibrous joints
Functional junctions between bones.
They are classified according to the degree of movement that'…
1) Fibrous... 2) Cartilaginous... 3) Synovial
Held close together by dense connective tissue.
What are joints?
Functional junctions between bones.
How are joints classified?
They are classified according to the degree of movement that'…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Joints (Articulations)
Joints (Articulation)
Kinesiology
Structural Classification of Joints
Bony Joints
Any point where two bones meet, whether or not the bones are…
The study of musculoskeletal movement
- Bony ... - Fibrous... - Cartilaginous... - Synovial
An immovable joint formed when the gap between 2 bones ossify…
Joints (Articulation)
Any point where two bones meet, whether or not the bones are…
Kinesiology
The study of musculoskeletal movement
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Movements of Muscles and Joints
Gliding Movements
Angular Movements
Flexion
Extension
Occurs when flat or nearly flat bones surfaces slip over anot…
increase or decrease the angle between two bones
Bending a body part
Straightening a body part
Gliding Movements
Occurs when flat or nearly flat bones surfaces slip over anot…
Angular Movements
increase or decrease the angle between two bones
54 terms
anatomy and physiology bone and joints
types of skeletal cartilage
is cartilage innervated
is cartilage vascularized
how does cartilage grow?
hyaline- epi plate, costals, embryonic skeleton,articular car…
No
No, avascular
interstitial and appositional
types of skeletal cartilage
hyaline- epi plate, costals, embryonic skeleton,articular car…
is cartilage innervated
No
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