Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology medical terminology skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology medical terminology skeletal system"

Medical Anatomy/Physiology (skeletal system)
Cranium
Clavicle
Sternum
Scapula
the part that encloses the brain
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
a compound ventral bone or cartilage of most vertebrates othe…
either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each…
Cranium
the part that encloses the brain
Clavicle
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
19 terms
Anatomy/ Physiology Medical Terminology (Skeletal)
Inter
Cribr
Glen
Blaster
among; between
sieve
joint socket
bud
Inter
among; between
Cribr
sieve
35 terms
Medical Terminology: Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System, Ch. 4
bones
skeleton
bone marrow
joint
connected to each other to form the skeleton
protects vital organs and stores minerals
the site of blood cell production
the place where two bones meet and are held together
bones
connected to each other to form the skeleton
skeleton
protects vital organs and stores minerals
34 terms
Anatomy - Skeletal System Medical Terminology
acetabul-
ax-
-blast
carp-
vinegar cup (depression)
axis
bud
wrist
acetabul-
vinegar cup (depression)
ax-
axis
Chapter four medical terminology; anatomy and physiology of the skeletal system
Bone, skeleton
Bone marrow
Joint, ligaments
Osseous tissue
When _____ are connected to esch other it forms the framework…
Site of blood cell production, gives flexibility to the skele…
A _____ is the place where two ones meet and are held togethe…
Bones,also known as what are one of the go hardest materials…
Bone, skeleton
When _____ are connected to esch other it forms the framework…
Bone marrow
Site of blood cell production, gives flexibility to the skele…
Medical Terminology: Skeletal System - Anatomy
Hemat/o-
-poieses
Henatopoiesis
Marrow
Blood
Production, formation
Development of red blood cells in the bone marrow
Soft tissue in the center of long bone shafts or in long flat…
Hemat/o-
Blood
-poieses
Production, formation
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System Medical Terms
skeleto-
ortho-
-blast
-clast
dried body
straight
forming
breakdown
skeleto-
dried body
ortho-
straight
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Tuberosity
Crest
Trochanter
Line
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (the only examp…
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
10 terms
Medical Terminology and Anatomy/Physiology (Systems)
Musculoskeletal System
Urinary/Excretory System
Nervous System
Reproductive System (Female)
Muscles, bones, and joints.
Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collection of nerves.
Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands.
Musculoskeletal System
Muscles, bones, and joints.
Urinary/Excretory System
Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
51 terms
Anatomy and Physiology terminology overview\skeletal system
Anatomy
Physiology
The cell
Metabolism
The study of the structure of a body
Study of the function of a body
basic structural unit of living organism
Chemical reactions involved in maintaining cells
Anatomy
The study of the structure of a body
Physiology
Study of the function of a body
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
206
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Carry nutrient and waste products.
Break down bone and help to sculpt/shape it.
How many bones does an adult have?
Osteoblasts
Make new bone and help repair damage.
Osteocytes
Carry nutrient and waste products.
1,653 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Occipital bone
Sphenoid bone
Forehead
Top sides of skull
Back of skull
Lower sides of skull, more anterior
Frontal bone
Forehead
Parietal bone
Top sides of skull
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
18 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Long Bones
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Bones of the appendages (126)
Bones of head and trunk (80)
Structure: elongated, dense and contains yellow/red bone marr…
Skeletal System
206 bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons joined to make a…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the appendages (126)
186 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Forehead
Lower Jaw
Upper Jaw
Cheek Bone
Frontal Bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Zygomatic
Forehead
Frontal Bone
Lower Jaw
Mandible
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Diaphsis
Epiphysis
Metaphyses
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
shaft
distal end
Between diaphsis and epiphysis. Contains epiphyseal plate for…
Functions of Skeletal System
Support- framework and attachment for body and muscles... Protec…
Diaphsis
shaft
35 terms
Medical Terminology: The Skeletal System
Bones
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Flat Bones
Act as framework for the body, protect internal organs, store…
Support and protect organs in dorsal and ventral cavities.
Make movement possible, make up the upper and lower extremiti…
Ribs, scapula (shoulder blade), parts of the pelvic girdle, b…
Bones
Act as framework for the body, protect internal organs, store…
Axial skeleton
Support and protect organs in dorsal and ventral cavities.
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
What are the 3 components of the skele…
Skeletal System Functions
What type of cartilage is most associa…
Chondroblasts
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
Hyaline ... -most bones develop from it... -important in growth and…
make cartilage
What are the 3 components of the skele…
-bones... -ligaments... -cartilage
Skeletal System Functions
1. Support... -framework (bears weight of body)... -cartilage gives…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
compact bone
spongy bone
bone matrix
How would bone function without suffic…
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
type I collagen (90%) - for tensile strength... ground substanc…
decreased bone density
compact bone
structure: appears solid and forms the inner and outer layers…
spongy bone
structure: appears spongy with spaces and is found in the cen…
15 terms
Skeletal System Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal system
Main organs of the skeletal system
Secondary organs of the skeletal system
Two main groups of bones
made up of 206 bones, that with cartilage, tendons and liagme…
Bones
a. Cartilage... b. Tendons... c. Ligaments
1. Axil- 80 bones ... 2. Appendicular - 126 bones
Skeletal system
made up of 206 bones, that with cartilage, tendons and liagme…
Main organs of the skeletal system
Bones
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
4 parts of the skeleton system
List the 5 functions of the skeletal s…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. ligaments... 4. cartilages
1. support... 2. protect... 3. movement... 4. store minerals and fats…
Identify the 2 subdivisions of the ske…
1. axial skeleton... 2. appendicular skeleton
Which skeleton is the "protective skel…
axial skeleton
Skeletal System (Anatomy & Physiology)
cranial bones
mandible
zygomatic
sutures
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
cheekbone/malar bone that articulates the maxilla, temporal,…
fibrous joint between flat bones... location: skull
cranial bones
frontal, occipital, sphenoid, parietal (2), ethmoid, temporal…
mandible
lower jaw (jaw bone), bearing teeth ... location: lower part of…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
46 terms
Anatomy/Physiology-Skeletal System
15,16
Cancellous
Parathormone & Calcitonin
Fontanelle
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
Two hormones that control the calcium concentration in our bo…
Soft spot on the baby's skull.
15,16
Longitudinal growth of bones occur until __ for girls and __…
Cancellous
Type of bone tissue that is associated w/ hematopoiesis.
Health Science Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System Terminology
Arthralgia
Arthrectomy
Arthritis
Arthrocentesis
Pain in the joint
Removal of joint
Inflammation of a joint
Removal of fluid from a joint
Arthralgia
Pain in the joint
Arthrectomy
Removal of joint
59 terms
Anatomy&Physiology - The Skeletal System
Cartilage
Chondroblasts
Extracellular matrix
Perichondrium
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
Formed by chondroblasts
• A tough layer of connective tissue that surrounds the carti…
Cartilage
• In adults, remains in areas where flexibility is needed for…
Chondroblasts
Actively mitotic cells that produce new matrix as bodies are…
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Skeletal System
4 functions of the skeletal system
Axial bones
Appendicular bones
How many vertebrae in Cervical,Thoraci…
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
80, protection
126,connecting
7,12,5
4 functions of the skeletal system
protection,support, calcium, blood cell production
Axial bones
80, protection
Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Supine Position
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
How the body is positioned.
Lying face up on back.
Anatomy
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Physiology
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Total bones in adult
Axial
Appendicular
Cancelleous
206 bones
Run along axis 80 bones
Attached to axis 126 bones
Spongy inner part of bones with holes; contains yellow marrow
Total bones in adult
206 bones
Axial
Run along axis 80 bones
47 terms
Skeletal System - Medical Terminology
ab
duc
-tion
ab/duc/tion
away from
move
process
process of moving away from
ab
away from
duc
move
47 terms
anatomy and physiology skeletal system
function of bones
long bones
short bones
flat bones
shape, support, protect body structures, aid body movements
have long vertical axes and expanded ends... examples: forearm a…
cubelike, roughly equal lengths and widths... examples: wrist an…
platelike structures with broad surfaces... examples: ribs, shou…
function of bones
shape, support, protect body structures, aid body movements
long bones
have long vertical axes and expanded ends... examples: forearm a…
180 terms
Skeletal System; Anatomy and Physiology
femur
head of femur
fovea capitus... small hole in head
neck of femur
femur
head of femur
24 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
functions of skeletal system
type of CT found in periosteum
osteoblasts function
collagen fibers allow bone to maintain
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
dense CT
secrete collagen fibers and other organic components to initi…
flexibility and tensile strength
functions of skeletal system
structural framework, protection, attachment for muscles, min…
type of CT found in periosteum
dense CT
8 terms
skeletal system anatomy and physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long bones
Short bones
Arms and legs
Fingers, toes. hands and feet
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
183 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Calcaneus
Cuboid
Cuboid
Cuneiforms
Calcaneus
Cuboid
58 terms
Skeletal System-Anatomy and Physiology
Lacrimal
Nasal
Vomer
Maxilla
For part of the medial orbit wall
Construct the bridge of the nose
Part of the nasal septum
Keystone bones of the face; form the upper jaw and parts of t…
Lacrimal
For part of the medial orbit wall
Nasal
Construct the bridge of the nose
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Sesamoid Bones
Fissure
Fossa
Foramen
bones such as the kneecap
a groove in which typically a vessel or nerve lies
A shallow depression on a bone
An opening through a bone
Sesamoid Bones
bones such as the kneecap
Fissure
a groove in which typically a vessel or nerve lies
Skeletal System (Anatomy and Physiology)
Functions of the Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
Flat Bone
Support ... Protection... Moment ... Mineral Storage: calcium and phos…
elongated shape, shaft plus two ends, compact bone, spongy bo…
cube like, thin outer surface is compact bone, bones of wrist…
thin,flat and usually curved, two parallel compact bone with…
Functions of the Bone
Support ... Protection... Moment ... Mineral Storage: calcium and phos…
Long Bone
elongated shape, shaft plus two ends, compact bone, spongy bo…
63 terms
Anatomy/Physiology of the Bone and Skeletal System
hyaline
perichondrium
hyaline
elastic
most abundant skeletal cartilage
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
this skeleton looks like frosted glass, and is flexible`
this skeletal cartilage has more elastic fibers that support…
hyaline
most abundant skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
layer of dense irregular tissue that surrounds the cartilage…
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