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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology nervous system chapter 12"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology nervous system chapter 12"

66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 - The Nervous System
central nervous system
functions of cns
higher functions of brain
Peripheral Nervous System
spinal cord and brain
process & coordinate... - sentry data from inside & outside body…
intelligence, memory, learning and emotion
neural tissue outside cns
central nervous system
spinal cord and brain
functions of cns
process & coordinate... - sentry data from inside & outside body…
151 terms
Nervous System-Chapter 12(Anatomy&Physiology)
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Nervous System
Brain and spinal cord
hormone production
receive and transmit signal
process and determine action, issue command
Central nervous system is divided into: (2)
Endocrine System
hormone production
Nervous System
receive and transmit signal
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 12 Nervous system
Nervous system
Function of Nervous System(3)
Central Nervous System(CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System(PNS)
Body's way of communication and it's control system.
Collect information through receptors, process and evaluate i…
includes brain and spinal ccord
ganglia and nerves
Nervous system
Body's way of communication and it's control system.
Function of Nervous System(3)
Collect information through receptors, process and evaluate i…
Anatomy & Physiology (Chapter 12) - The Nervous System -- YOUNGKEN
Neuron
Neuroglia
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
A nerve that is specialized for intercellular communication;…
Also called glial cells, cells of the nervous system which su…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Consists of the cranial and spinal nerves and all other nervo…
Neuron
A nerve that is specialized for intercellular communication;…
Neuroglia
Also called glial cells, cells of the nervous system which su…
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 12 - Nervous System
The Nervous System
Neurology
Functions of Nervous Systems
Collect Information (Function)
One of the two systems that maintain homeostasis
Study of the nervous system
1. Collects information (sensory)... 2. Process & Evaluate Infor…
1. Detects external & internal stimuli (detects change)... 2. Se…
The Nervous System
One of the two systems that maintain homeostasis
Neurology
Study of the nervous system
83 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 - The Central Nervous System
CNS
cranium
vertebral canal
4
brain and spinal cord
protects the brain
protects the spinal cord
how many ventricles in the brain
CNS
brain and spinal cord
cranium
protects the brain
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12: the Central Nervous System
What are the components of the CNS?
What is the histological structure of…
What are ventricles?
What is the function of the ventricles?
The brain and the spinal cord
1. Central cavity surrounded by grey matter... 2. Grey matter is…
1.the central cavity... 2. continuous with the central canal of…
production and circulation of cerebrospinal fluid
What are the components of the CNS?
The brain and the spinal cord
What is the histological structure of…
1. Central cavity surrounded by grey matter... 2. Grey matter is…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 12 Central Nervous System (Mrs. Jemison)
Auditory Association Area
Auditory Association Area
Auditory Association Area
Visceral Sensory Area
Distinguishes Speech, music, etc
Memories of sounds heard in the past appear to be stored here…
Puts sounds with memories
From guts, located in the insula
Auditory Association Area
Distinguishes Speech, music, etc
Auditory Association Area
Memories of sounds heard in the past appear to be stored here…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12: the central Nervous System
Ventricle
Gyri
sulci
Primary Motor Cortex
Continuous chamber within the brain that is filled with cereb…
elevated ridges of tissue of the brain
shallow grooves in the brain that separate the gyri
The primary motor cortex allows conscious control of precise…
Ventricle
Continuous chamber within the brain that is filled with cereb…
Gyri
elevated ridges of tissue of the brain
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous System Nervous Tissues
Ganglia
The Central Nervous System includes...
The Peripheral Nervous System includes…
What are the two functional divisions…
In the PNS they are clusters of neuron cell bodies located al…
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Nerves and Ganglia
The Sensory Nervous System and the Motor Nervous System
Ganglia
In the PNS they are clusters of neuron cell bodies located al…
The Central Nervous System includes...
The Brain and Spinal Cord
134 terms
Physiology - Chapter 12 - Nervous System
neurons
neuroglia (Glial cells)
nervous system
3 steps for the nervous system to carr…
nerve cells. There are trillions of these in the brain! The n…
1. Cells that support the function of nerve cells. ... 2. 50 tri…
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages very q…
1. Through sense organs and simple sensory nerve endings it r…
neurons
nerve cells. There are trillions of these in the brain! The n…
neuroglia (Glial cells)
1. Cells that support the function of nerve cells. ... 2. 50 tri…
100 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What are the parts of the brain?
What are meninges?
What are the 3 layers of meninges of t…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
Membranes between the brain and skull for proctection
-Dura Mater... -Arachnoid Mater... -Pia Mater
What does the Central Nervous System c…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
What are the parts of the brain?
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What are the parts of the brain?
What are meninges?
What are the 3 layers of meninges of t…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
Membranes between the brain and skull for proctection
-Dura Mater... -Arachnoid Mater... -Pia Mater
What does the Central Nervous System c…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
What are the parts of the brain?
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
79 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lecture Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System
Cerebrum
Cerebral cortex
Precentral gyrus
Postcentral gyrus
two cerebral hemispheres, longitudinal fissure separates left…
gray matter covering hemispheres, divided into frontal, parie…
Voluntary muscle contractions initiated in the motor associat…
primary sensory area, neurons receive sensory information
Cerebrum
two cerebral hemispheres, longitudinal fissure separates left…
Cerebral cortex
gray matter covering hemispheres, divided into frontal, parie…
170 terms
Marieb Anatomy + Physiology Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Cephalization
Mass of adult brain
Neural Tube
Brain + Spinal Cord
An elaboration of the ROSTRAL (anterior) portion of CNS along…
1500g (3.3lb)
The embryonic strucure that the brain + spinal originated as
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain + Spinal Cord
Cephalization
An elaboration of the ROSTRAL (anterior) portion of CNS along…
100 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12 - Central Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What are the parts of the brain?
What are meninges?
What are the 3 layers of meninges of t…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
Membranes between the brain and skull for proctection
-Dura Mater... -Arachnoid Mater... -Pia Mater
What does the Central Nervous System c…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
What are the parts of the brain?
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
152 terms
Anatomy & physiology 2/ Nervous System chapter 12 and 13
The nervous system functions using wha…
The Central Nervours System includes w…
Which system actives skeletal muscle?
Which system actives cardiac muscle an…
F, All, Sensory function ... B, interpretation ... C, motor response
F, A , brain ... B, spinal cord
B, somatic nervous system
C, Autonomic nervous system
The nervous system functions using wha…
F, All, Sensory function ... B, interpretation ... C, motor response
The Central Nervours System includes w…
F, A , brain ... B, spinal cord
71 terms
anatomy chapter 12- nervous system and nervous tissue
sensory input
integration
motor output
central nervous system
the gathered information that sensory receptors gather from a…
the process in which sensory input is processed and interpret…
the response dictated when effector organs are activated
consists of the brain and spinal cord which occupy the craniu…
sensory input
the gathered information that sensory receptors gather from a…
integration
the process in which sensory input is processed and interpret…
33 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 12 The Central Nervous System Vocab
Ventricles
Limbic System
Transverse Fissure
Frontal Lobe
Fluid (CSF) filled spaces in the brain
A group of brain structures including the amygdala, hippocamp…
Separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
Ventricles
Fluid (CSF) filled spaces in the brain
Limbic System
A group of brain structures including the amygdala, hippocamp…
85 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12 Nervous System
Nervous System
neurology
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
regulates body activities by responding rapidly using nerve i…
branch of medical science that deals with our normal function…
brain and spinal cord... transmits sensory info like thoughts, e…
all nerve tissue outside the brain and spinal cord, contains…
Nervous System
regulates body activities by responding rapidly using nerve i…
neurology
branch of medical science that deals with our normal function…
100 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12 - Central Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What are the parts of the brain?
What are meninges?
What are the 3 layers of meninges of t…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon (interbrain)... -Brain stem…
Membranes between the brain and skull for proctection
-Dura Mater... -Arachnoid Mater... -Pia Mater
What does the Central Nervous System c…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
What are the parts of the brain?
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon (interbrain)... -Brain stem…
100 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12 - Central Nervous System
What does the Central Nervous System c…
What are the parts of the brain?
What are meninges?
What are the 3 layers of meninges of t…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
Membranes between the brain and skull for proctection
-Dura Mater... -Arachnoid Mater... -Pia Mater
What does the Central Nervous System c…
-Brain... -Spinal Cord
What are the parts of the brain?
-Cerebral hemispheres... -Diencephalon... -Brain stem... -Cerebellum
83 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12: the Central Nervous System
CNS
cranium
vertebral canal
4
brain and spinal cord
protects the brain
protects the spinal cord
how many ventricles in the brain
CNS
brain and spinal cord
cranium
protects the brain
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12: the Central Nervous System
CNS
cranium
vertebral canal
4
brain and spinal cord
protects the brain
protects the spinal cord
how many ventricles in the brain
CNS
brain and spinal cord
cranium
protects the brain
98 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System
Functions
Ectoderm
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
(CNS) Part of nervous system containing brain and spinal cord…
(PNS) Part of nervous system including everything OTHER THAN…
Functions
The ______ of the Nervous System include:... 1. sensation - sens…
Ectoderm
The ______ germ layer gives rise to the central nervous syste…
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory input Function
Sensory neuron
Integrative function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
(Sensory neurons) Detect internal and external stimuli... (Affer…
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sense recept…
(Inter-neurons) Analyzes and stores sensory information, maki…
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory input Function
(Sensory neurons) Detect internal and external stimuli... (Affer…
135 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory input Function
Sensory neuron
Integrative function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
(Sensory neurons) Detect internal and external stimuli... (Affer…
Neurons that carry incoming information from the sense recept…
(Inter-neurons) Analyzes and stores sensory information, maki…
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory input Function
(Sensory neurons) Detect internal and external stimuli... (Affer…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 12 Nervous Tissue
Central Nervous System (CNS)
multipolar neuron
bipolar neuron
unipolar neuron
brain, spinal cord... functions- integrate, decide, control
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain, spinal cord... functions- integrate, decide, control
multipolar neuron
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
31 terms
Chapter 12: Nervous System (Physiology)
Electrical Potentials
Electrical Currents
Electrophysiology
Resting membrane potential (RMP)
A difference in the concentration of charged particles betwee…
A flow of charged particles from one point to another... In the…
Cellular mechanisms for producing electrical potentials and c…
Charge difference across the plasma membrane... Due to unequal e…
Electrical Potentials
A difference in the concentration of charged particles betwee…
Electrical Currents
A flow of charged particles from one point to another... In the…
48 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 12 nervous system part III
referred pain
5 special senses
olfaction
olfaction sensory pathway
visceral pain being felt as if it is coming from another part…
olfaction, equilibrium, hearing, vision
sense of smell, chemoreceptors, the responsive portion of the…
1. primary neuron... 2. cribriform plate... 3. synapse in olfactory…
referred pain
visceral pain being felt as if it is coming from another part…
5 special senses
olfaction, equilibrium, hearing, vision
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
170 terms
Marieb Anatomy + Physiology Chapter 12: The Central Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Cephalization
Mass of adult brain
Neural Tube
Brain + Spinal Cord
An elaboration of the ROSTRAL (anterior) portion of CNS along…
1500g (3.3lb)
The embryonic strucure that the brain + spinal originated as
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain + Spinal Cord
Cephalization
An elaboration of the ROSTRAL (anterior) portion of CNS along…
105 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
29 terms
Chapter 12: Nervous System Physiology
leak channels
chemically gated channels
voltage gated channels
mechanically gated channels
always open, membrane has more K+ channels than Na+ channels.…
open when a neurotransmitter binds to it. initiates graded po…
open when there's a change in membrane potential. involved in…
open when there is a mechanical stimulation (like touch or pr…
leak channels
always open, membrane has more K+ channels than Na+ channels.…
chemically gated channels
open when a neurotransmitter binds to it. initiates graded po…
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12: Nervous Tissue
Sensory
Integrative
Motor
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Detecting changes internal and external environment. involves…
Analyzing sensory information and deciding how to respond. Th…
Sending instruction (nerve impulses) to muscles and glands. I…
Central, brain, and spinal cord
Sensory
Detecting changes internal and external environment. involves…
Integrative
Analyzing sensory information and deciding how to respond. Th…
61 terms
Chapter 12 - Nervous System Physiology
Functions of Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
ganglia
1. Sensory input - collects information... 2. Integration in bra…
brain and spinal cord
nerves and ganglia
clusters of cell bodies along nerves
Functions of Nervous System
1. Sensory input - collects information... 2. Integration in bra…
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
91 terms
Physiology Chapter 12: Nervous System
many proteins made in soma must be tra…
axonal transport
anterograde transport
retrograde transport
to repair axolemma, serve as gated ion channels, enzymes or n…
two way passage of proteins, organelles, and other material a…
movement down the axon away from soma
movement up the axon toward the soma
many proteins made in soma must be tra…
to repair axolemma, serve as gated ion channels, enzymes or n…
axonal transport
two way passage of proteins, organelles, and other material a…
93 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
21 terms
Nervous system physiology- chapter 12 Neuron Physiology
Neuron Physiology
Four types of Ion Channels
Leak Channels
Chemically gated channels
To generate electrical signals, neurons require: Ion channels…
Leak channels, Chemically gated channels, Voltage gated chann…
Always open, membrane has more K+ channels than Na+ channels.…
Open when a neurotransmitter binds to it. Initiate graded pot…
Neuron Physiology
To generate electrical signals, neurons require: Ion channels…
Four types of Ion Channels
Leak channels, Chemically gated channels, Voltage gated chann…
79 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter nervous system 12
neuron
neuroglia (glial cells)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
Cells of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous sy…
The brain and spinal cord.
All neural tissue outside the central nervous system.
neuron
a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
neuroglia (glial cells)
Cells of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous sy…
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
152 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 Nervous tissue
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function
Integrative function
Motor Function
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
Analyzes and stores sensory information.
Response that is appropriate for a stimulus
Functions of the Nervous system
Sensory Function, Integrative function, Motor Function
Sensory Function
Detect internal and external stimuli
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