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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology skeletal system"

Anatomy & Physiology: The Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system...
What does the skeletal system store?
Hemopoiesis
Compact Bone
-support... -protection (protects body core)... -movement (muscles…
-calcium... -phosphate
-aka hematoposis... -blood cell production... -red bone marrow prod…
-dense... -hard... -outerlayer... -the "structural unit" is the Osteob…
Functions of the skeletal system...
-support... -protection (protects body core)... -movement (muscles…
What does the skeletal system store?
-calcium... -phosphate
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Lab Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Osseous Tissue
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Bone tissue is the major structural and supportive connective…
Hard, dense bones that provide major structural support and m…
Bones that provide support and support when there is no movem…
Extensive protection or provision of broad surfaces for muscu…
Osseous Tissue
Bone tissue is the major structural and supportive connective…
Long Bones
Hard, dense bones that provide major structural support and m…
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (skeletal system)
Bones
functions
h
types of bone
main organ of the skeletal system
support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
process of blood cell formation
long, short, flat, irregular, (round)
Bones
main organ of the skeletal system
functions
support, protection, movement, storage, hematopoiesis
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology skeletal system
parts of the skeletal system
Divisions of the skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
Two types of tisses
bones, ligaments, joints, cartilage
axial, appendicular
support, protection, movement, storage of fat and minerals, b…
compact bone, spongy bone
parts of the skeletal system
bones, ligaments, joints, cartilage
Divisions of the skeletal system
axial, appendicular
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Composition
Functions
Type of Bone Shapes
Types of Bone Tissue
Bones and joints ... (related structures= ligaments and cartilage)
1. Physical Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. H…
1. Long Bones... 2. Short Bones... 3. Flat Bones... 4. Irregular Bones
Compact... Spongey
Composition
Bones and joints ... (related structures= ligaments and cartilage)
Functions
1. Physical Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. H…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
LATERAL
CAPITULUM AND TROCHLEA
TALUS
GLABELLA
the occipital condyles are _____ to the foramen magnum
The special names for the condyles of the humerus are the ___…
The tibia articulates with the tarsal called the _____.
The _____ is medial to the supraorbital margins.
LATERAL
the occipital condyles are _____ to the foramen magnum
CAPITULUM AND TROCHLEA
The special names for the condyles of the humerus are the ___…
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Supports external ear
Between vertebrae
Forms the walls of the voice box
The epiglottis
Elastic
Fibrocartilage
Hyaline
Elastic
Supports external ear
Elastic
Between vertebrae
Fibrocartilage
72 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal functions
main divisions of the skeletal system:
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
support and protection, body movement, blood cell formation,…
axial and appendicular
head, neck, trunk. (skull, hyoid bone, vertebral column, thor…
limbs and bones that connect the pectoral girdle (humerus, sc…
skeletal functions
support and protection, body movement, blood cell formation,…
main divisions of the skeletal system:
axial and appendicular
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology:Skeletal system
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Red Marrow
Yellow marrow cavity
site of spongy bone in the adult
site of compact bone in the adult; bone shaft
site of hematopoiesis in the adult
site of fat storage in the adult
Epiphysis
site of spongy bone in the adult
Diaphysis
site of compact bone in the adult; bone shaft
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal system
Main Parts (broad topic)
Division of the body
Functions of the skeleton
Compact bone
Bones, joints, cartilages, ligaments
Axial Skeleton(the center of the body) and Distal Skeleton(ar…
support, protection, movement, storage, formation of blood ce…
Hard homogeneous
Main Parts (broad topic)
Bones, joints, cartilages, ligaments
Division of the body
Axial Skeleton(the center of the body) and Distal Skeleton(ar…
48 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal system
skeleton
bones
compact bone
spongy bone
is the supporting framework of the body... -interacts with all o…
are the primary organs of the skeletal system, have many func…
has a ring on the outside of the bone, ex: femur ... -is dense b…
located internally to compact bone (dried up sponge)
skeleton
is the supporting framework of the body... -interacts with all o…
bones
are the primary organs of the skeletal system, have many func…
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal system
Major organs
Bones
Ostecytes
Periosteum
bones cartilage ligament
solid network of living cells and protien
mature bone cells
tough outer layer of bones provides o2 and nutrients to bones
Major organs
bones cartilage ligament
Bones
solid network of living cells and protien
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology skeletal system
8 skull bones
Articulation surfaces
Attachments (for muscles)
Depressions and Openings
Frontal, Occipital, Parietal, Temperal, sphenoid, ephmoid
Condyle, Epicondyle, head, process, suture
Crest, spine, trochanter, tubercle, tuberosity, malleolus
Foramen, fossa, meatus, sinus
8 skull bones
Frontal, Occipital, Parietal, Temperal, sphenoid, ephmoid
Articulation surfaces
Condyle, Epicondyle, head, process, suture
78 terms
anatomy and physiology skeletal system
Bone
Bone functions
Osseous tissue
Hematopoiesis
A rigid organ that makes up the skeleton
Produce white blood cells and red blood cells... • Hematopoiesis…
• The prefix Os means pertains to bones
Blood cell formation ... • Blood cells are formed in the bone ma…
Bone
A rigid organ that makes up the skeleton
Bone functions
Produce white blood cells and red blood cells... • Hematopoiesis…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Calcaneus (heel)
Frontal
Femur
Humerus
short bone
flat bone
long bone
long bone
Calcaneus (heel)
short bone
Frontal
flat bone
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Condyle
Head
Facet
Ramus
Rounded articular projection
Bony expansion of a narrow neck
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
Armlike bar of a bone
Condyle
Rounded articular projection
Head
Bony expansion of a narrow neck
169 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Menubrium
Skull
Lower jaw
Shoulder
Bone at top of sternum
Cranium
Skull
Mandible
Lower jaw
67 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skeletal system functions
Gender identification
How many bones?
Two parts of the skeleton
blood cell formation... structure and support... protect organs... mov…
Pelvis and chin shape
206
axial (skull, vertebral column, rib cage)... appendicular (arms,…
Skeletal system functions
blood cell formation... structure and support... protect organs... mov…
Gender identification
Pelvis and chin shape
37 terms
Skeletal System- Anatomy and physiology
Cranium
Facial Bones (face)
Skull
Hyoid bone
Top of Skull
Lower part of skull
Head
Chin
Cranium
Top of Skull
Facial Bones (face)
Lower part of skull
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
How many bones in the human body
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Blood cell formation... Structural ... protection... movement... store mi…
206
Skull, vertebral column and rib cage
arms, legs, pelvis and shoulder
Functions of the skeletal system
Blood cell formation... Structural ... protection... movement... store mi…
How many bones in the human body
206
17 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (Skeletal System)
Functions
Types of bones
Long bones
Short bones
Support, Protection, & Movement; Mineral Homeostasis (Stores…
long bones; short bones; flat bones; irregular bones
Femur, tibia & fibula, humerus, ulna & radius, phalanges
Carpal and Tarsal bones
Functions
Support, Protection, & Movement; Mineral Homeostasis (Stores…
Types of bones
long bones; short bones; flat bones; irregular bones
45 terms
Anatomy And Physiology Skeletal System
What type of bone are your ribs?
What are short bones like your ____ sh…
7 ____, 12 ___, ___ lumbar, __ sacral,…
The sacrum and coccyx are part of the…
flat.
carpals, tarsals, patella, rocks.
7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 4 coxal
axial.
What type of bone are your ribs?
flat.
What are short bones like your ____ sh…
carpals, tarsals, patella, rocks.
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal system
epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
periosteum
end of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bone
hyaline cartilage that cover out portion of articulating port…
shaft of a long bone; located between epiphyses
tough, fibrous connective tissue covering on bone surface; co…
epiphysis
end of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bone
articular cartilage
hyaline cartilage that cover out portion of articulating port…
29 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
4 Parts of Skeletal System
2 Part divisions
5 Functions of skeletal system
Red blood marrow
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. cartilages... 4. ligaments
1. axial skeleton- anything connected to spine and head... 2. ap…
1. support our body... 2. protect our organs... 3. movement due to…
produces red blood cells
4 Parts of Skeletal System
1. bones... 2. joints... 3. cartilages... 4. ligaments
2 Part divisions
1. axial skeleton- anything connected to spine and head... 2. ap…
45 terms
Skeletal system - Anatomy and physiology
Growth of cartilage
Appositional growth
Interstitial growth
Hypertrophy
-Appositional growth... -Interstitial growth... *calcification of…
Growth occurred by the addition of new layers to those alread…
Increase in size from hyperplasia or hypertrophy within the i…
Increase of size of tissue or organ due to increase of compon…
Growth of cartilage
-Appositional growth... -Interstitial growth... *calcification of…
Appositional growth
Growth occurred by the addition of new layers to those alread…
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Parts of the Skeletal System
Divided into two divisions:
Functions of bones
Number of bones in adult skeleton.
Bones, Joints, Ligaments, Cartilage
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
Support of the body, Protection of Organs, Movement attached…
206 bones
Parts of the Skeletal System
Bones, Joints, Ligaments, Cartilage
Divided into two divisions:
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Skeletal System
Condyle
Facet
Head
Line
Rounded knob where bones meet.
Smooth, flat articular surface.
Big, expanded end of bone.
Raised, elongated ridge.
Condyle
Rounded knob where bones meet.
Facet
Smooth, flat articular surface.
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
osteoporosis
Paget's disease
osteosarcoma
three types of joints in the human body.
bone breaks down because osteoclasts are more active than ost…
disease characterized by excessive and abnormal bone deposit.
bone cancer
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
three types of joints in the human body.
osteoporosis
bone breaks down because osteoclasts are more active than ost…
216 terms
Anatomy and physiology the skeletal system
Red bone marrow
Hemopoiesis
Red bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, i…
The production of red blood cells white blood cells and plate…
Consists of developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibroblast, a…
A connected tissue found in the pelvis, ribs, sternum, verteb…
Red bone marrow
Produces red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, i…
Hemopoiesis
The production of red blood cells white blood cells and plate…
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
What are the bones functions?
Epiphysis
What covers the epiphysis
Diaphysis
Muscle attatchment ... Protection and support ... Blood cell produc…
Expanded ends of long bone that forms joints with adherent bo…
Hyaline/articulate cartilage
Shaft of bone
What are the bones functions?
Muscle attatchment ... Protection and support ... Blood cell produc…
Epiphysis
Expanded ends of long bone that forms joints with adherent bo…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology (skeletal system)
Endochondral ossification
Steps of endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Skeletal cartilage
replacing hyaline cartilage resulting bone- endochondral/cart…
1. chondrocytes enlarge then die as matrix calcifies... 2. newly…
bone develops form fibrous membrane , flat bones
variety of cartilage tissues that is molded to fit it's locat…
Endochondral ossification
replacing hyaline cartilage resulting bone- endochondral/cart…
Steps of endochondral ossification
1. chondrocytes enlarge then die as matrix calcifies... 2. newly…
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Skeletal System
Bone
Functions of Bone
Bone Types
Cancellous Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
Cancellous Bone... Compact Bone
Light and spongy... lighter, less strong bone that is found in t…
Bone
Second hardest substance in the body ... Composed of cells embed…
Functions of Bone
Support... Protection... Leverage... Storage... Blood cell formation
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
5 Functions of bones
Osteoblasts
3 types of bone cells
Two main types of bone
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Cells that produce bone
Osteoblasts ... Osteoclasts ... Osteocytes
Cancellous ... Compact
5 Functions of bones
Support ... Protection ... Leverage... Storage ... Blood cell formation
Osteoblasts
Cells that produce bone
168 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Long bones
Short bones
Sesamoid bone
Flat bones
long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. example, forearm an…
cube like, equal lengths and widths. example, bones of the wr…
small and nodular and embedded in a tendon adjacent to a join…
plate like structures with broad surfaces, such as the ribs,…
Long bones
long longitudinal axes and expanded ends. example, forearm an…
Short bones
cube like, equal lengths and widths. example, bones of the wr…
108 terms
Anatomy and Physiology-Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Epiphyseal Plates
Nutrient Arteries
The ends of long bones
The shaft of long bones
Growth plates
Carry blood/nutrients into the bones
Epiphysis
The ends of long bones
Diaphysis
The shaft of long bones
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Skeletal System
Epiphysis
Articular cartilage
Diaphysis
Periosteum
End of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bo…
Hyaline cartilage that covers outer portion of articulating p…
Shaft of a long bone; located between epiphyses.
Tough, fibrous connective tissue covering on bone surface; co…
Epiphysis
End of long bone; articulates (forms a joint) with another bo…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers outer portion of articulating p…
58 terms
anatomy and physiology skeletal system
the periosteum is secured to the under…
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
the bone cells within the lacunae rece…
which are bone-forming cells...
sharpey's fibers
bone length is increasing
canaliculi
osteoblasts
the periosteum is secured to the under…
sharpey's fibers
the presence of an epiphyseal plate in…
bone length is increasing
113 terms
Anatomy/physiology: Skeletal system
5 functions of the bones
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Classification of bones
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. Blood cell…
- dense... - looks smooth and homogenous... - Function: strength, p…
- small needle like pieces of bone... - open space... - Function: f…
Long, short, flat, irregular
5 functions of the bones
1. Support... 2. Protection... 3. Movement... 4. Storage... 5. Blood cell…
Compact bone
- dense... - looks smooth and homogenous... - Function: strength, p…
Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System
bone
ossification
cartilage
osteoblades
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
bones forming
first model of skeleton
immature bone cells
bone
called osseous tissue (206 in human body)
ossification
bones forming
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Midterm Skeletal System
skeletal system function
osteoblast
osteoclast
osteocyte
supports entire body; protects portions of the body; produces…
Bone-forming cells.
Break down bone
Bone cell
skeletal system function
supports entire body; protects portions of the body; produces…
osteoblast
Bone-forming cells.
29 terms
anatomy and physiology/ the skeletal system
Periosteum
Endosteum
Osteocyte
lacunae
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
Which of the following is a mature bone cell surrounded by ex…
space wherein osteocytes lie
Periosteum
Which of the following is the dense connective tissue with bl…
Endosteum
Which of the following is the connective tissue that lines th…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- The Skeletal System
Major functions of the skeletal system:
Hemopoiesis
Skeletal Movement
Storage of mineral and energy reserves
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
provides attachment sites for muscles
reservoir for minerals (calcium and phosphorous), fat is stor…
Major functions of the skeletal system:
1. Support and Protection... 2. Movement... 3. Hemopoiesis ... 4. Stor…
Hemopoiesis
blood cell formation in red bone marrow
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Long Bones
Short Bones
Sesamoid (round) Bones
Flat Bones
Bones that are elongated
Bones that are almost cube-like
Bones that develop in tendons
Bones that are plate-like with broad surfaces
Long Bones
Bones that are elongated
Short Bones
Bones that are almost cube-like
84 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Articulation
Connective tissues
Main Functions of the Skeletal System
Bones Characteristics
Bone joint
membranes and ligaments expand the system allowing muscles to…
1. Support, framework... 2. Allows for muscle attachment... 3. Prot…
Fundamental Cells, Matrix, osseous tissue, 2/3 Inorganic 1/3…
Articulation
Bone joint
Connective tissues
membranes and ligaments expand the system allowing muscles to…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - The Skeletal System
Skeleton
Os/Osteo
Bone
Matrix
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Generally refer to bones
Second hardest natural substance in the body. It is vital liv…
Bone is composed of a sparse population of cells embedded in…
Skeleton
The framework of bones that supports and protects the soft ti…
Os/Osteo
Generally refer to bones
103 terms
Skeletal system anatomy Physiology
Skeletal system
axial skeleton
appendicular region
long bones are:
Body support, movement, protects organs, produces blood cells…
head, neck, trunk
arms legs pelvis
longer than wide, clubby ends
Skeletal system
Body support, movement, protects organs, produces blood cells…
axial skeleton
head, neck, trunk
34 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal System
Total bones in adult
Axial
Appendicular
Cancelleous
206 bones
Run along axis 80 bones
Attached to axis 126 bones
Spongy inner part of bones with holes; contains yellow marrow
Total bones in adult
206 bones
Axial
Run along axis 80 bones
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
General functions
Epiphysis
Articular Cartilage
Diaphysis
1. Supports body structures... 2. Protects vital parts and organ…
End of bone that forms a joint with an other bone
Covers epiphysis
Shaft of bone
General functions
1. Supports body structures... 2. Protects vital parts and organ…
Epiphysis
End of bone that forms a joint with an other bone
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