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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test 2 chapter 25"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test 2 chapter 25"

32 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 25
1. GENE
2. GENES DICTATE...
3. GENES ARE ACTIVE...
1. GENOME
1. INDEPENDENT GENETIC UNITS (DNA SEGMENTS) THAT CARRY THE GE…
2. THE PRODUCTION OF ENZYMES AND OTHER MOLECULES, WHICH IN TU…
3. IN THE CHROMATIN (STRAND) FORM AND INACTIVE WHEN DNA IS IN…
1. ENTIRE SET OF HUMAN CHROMOSOMES (46 IN NUCLEUS OF EACH CEL…
1. GENE
1. INDEPENDENT GENETIC UNITS (DNA SEGMENTS) THAT CARRY THE GE…
2. GENES DICTATE...
2. THE PRODUCTION OF ENZYMES AND OTHER MOLECULES, WHICH IN TU…
116 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 25
Where in the nephron does most solute…
Approximately 80% of the energy used f…
What is the juxtaglomerular apparatus?…
Which of the following substances is n…
proximal convoluted tubule
sodium
a system that regulates the rate of filtrate formation and sy…
blood cells and large particles
Where in the nephron does most solute…
proximal convoluted tubule
Approximately 80% of the energy used f…
sodium
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 25 True/False
Under normal conditions, the large ren…
Glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)…
Despite the fact that the kidney's int…
Under normal conditions, the proximal…
True
True
True
True
Under normal conditions, the large ren…
True
Glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)…
True
232 terms
Anatomy & Physiology II Chapter 25
5 stages of digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
digestive enzymes
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, & defecation
the breakdown of food into smaller particles
a series of hydrolysis reactions that break dietary macromole…
carry out chemical digestion, they are produced by the stomac…
5 stages of digestion
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, & defecation
mechanical digestion
the breakdown of food into smaller particles
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
Reactions within the _______ provide m…
Energetics is
The cell draws on the ____ to provide…
Catabolism is
Mitochondria
The study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
Nutrient pool
The breakdown of organic molecules. This process releases ene…
Reactions within the _______ provide m…
Mitochondria
Energetics is
The study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
101 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
how much fluid is filtered by the kidn…
what is lost in filtrate
what is retained in filtrate
additional functions of the kidneys
200 Liters
toxins, metabolic wastes, excess ions
proteins.... Needed substances.
gluconeogenesis during prolonged fasting.... convert vitamin D t…
how much fluid is filtered by the kidn…
200 Liters
what is lost in filtrate
toxins, metabolic wastes, excess ions
80 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 25
Nutrition
Classes of Nutrition
Carbs - how much is required
Vitamins - how much is required
Chemicals used by body to produce energy, provide building bl…
- Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, water... - Vitamins, minerals
required in large amounts
required in small amounts
Nutrition
Chemicals used by body to produce energy, provide building bl…
Classes of Nutrition
- Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, water... - Vitamins, minerals
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
Cells synthesize new organic component…
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
What percent of energy released from c…
The function of the citric acid cycle…
e. all of the answers are correct
a. metabolism
b. 60
e. remove hydrogen atoms from organic molecules and transfer…
Cells synthesize new organic component…
e. all of the answers are correct
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
a. metabolism
93 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
Cells synthesize new organic component…
What percent of energy released from c…
About 40 percent of energy contenent o…
a) metabolism
e) all of the answers are correct
a) 60
c) heat
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
a) metabolism
Cells synthesize new organic component…
e) all of the answers are correct
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
Cells synthesize new organic component…
Cells perform catabolism to generate A…
What percent of energy released from c…
metabolism
produce secretions ... growth and repair ... store nutrients ... struc…
muscle contraction. ... glycogen synthesis. ... ion transport. ... pro…
60
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
metabolism
Cells synthesize new organic component…
produce secretions ... growth and repair ... store nutrients ... struc…
28 terms
anatomy and physiology ( Antiinfectives) Chapter 25
The works of Hans Christian Gram
Differences between grams positive and…
Penicillinase producing microbes
Nosocomial infections
determines morphology (shape and apperance) of bacteria
the difference:... gram-negative does not hold purple dye when s…
...
an infection acquired during a stay in a hospital or other he…
The works of Hans Christian Gram
determines morphology (shape and apperance) of bacteria
Differences between grams positive and…
the difference:... gram-negative does not hold purple dye when s…
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
Reactions within the _______ provide m…
Energetics is
The cell draws on the ____ to provide…
Catabolism is
Mitochondria
The study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
Nutrient pool
The breakdown of organic molecules. This process releases ene…
Reactions within the _______ provide m…
Mitochondria
Energetics is
The study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
95 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
energetics
metabolism
essential cell functions
metabolic turnover
the study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism; ne…
metabolic turnover; growth and cell division; special process…
the periodic breakdown and replacement of the organic compone…
energetics
the study of the flow of energy and its changes from one form…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism; ne…
61 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
Glomerulus
Urine
Urinalysis
Anuria
first part of the nephron. They create about 200 liters of fi…
affected by water intake, exercise, environmental temperature…
normally few proteins, color is affected by some foods, bile…
the absence of urine production
Glomerulus
first part of the nephron. They create about 200 liters of fi…
Urine
affected by water intake, exercise, environmental temperature…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 25
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
Cells synthesize new organic component…
What percent of energy released from c…
About 40 percent of the energy content…
metabolism
store nutrients... structural maintenance... produce secretions... gro…
60
heat
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
metabolism
Cells synthesize new organic component…
store nutrients... structural maintenance... produce secretions... gro…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 25
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder, urethra
renal capsule
adipose capsule
renal fascia
List the parts of the urinary system:
fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection
cushioning and anchoring to the dorsal wall
dense fibrous CT that surrounds the outside of the kidney and…
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder, urethra
List the parts of the urinary system:
renal capsule
fibrous, transparent, membrane that prevents infection
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Chapter 25 True/False
Under normal conditions, the large ren…
Glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)…
Despite the fact that the kidney's int…
Under normal conditions, the proximal…
True
True
True
True
Under normal conditions, the large ren…
True
Glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)…
True
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
Nutrients are used to synthesize compo…
Nutrients that are chemically broken t…
What is the heat energy needed in orde…
metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Kilocalorie
The sum of all of the biochemical proc…
metabolism
Nutrients are used to synthesize compo…
Anabolism
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 25
digestive system
ingestion
digestion
absorption
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
the selective intake of food
the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usa…
the uptake of nutrient molecules into the epithelial cells of…
digestive system
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
ingestion
the selective intake of food
85 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
-Paired kidneys... -Paired ureters... -Urina…
-Homeostatic regulation of blood plasm…
-Regulation blood volume and pressure…
The removal of organic waste products…
Urinary System Organs
Functions of the Urinary System
Homeostatic regulation of blood plasma
Excretion
-Paired kidneys... -Paired ureters... -Urina…
Urinary System Organs
-Homeostatic regulation of blood plasm…
Functions of the Urinary System
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 25
Digestive System
Digestive System Functions
Gastroenterology
Stages of Digestion
breaks down food into smaller components
processes food, extracts nutrients, eliminates residue
study of digestive tract and disorders
ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
Digestive System
breaks down food into smaller components
Digestive System Functions
processes food, extracts nutrients, eliminates residue
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 - Chapter 25 (Unit 3)
Urinary System:... A. 2 Kidneys... B. 2 Uret…
Kidney: Protective Coverings... A. Renal…
Kidney: Frontal Section... A. Cortex (Bow…
Nephron: Blood Supply... A. Renal arterie…
A.... B. Transports urine to urinary bladder... C. Stores urine... D.…
A. Outermost layer... B. Middle layer... C. Innermost layer
A. Outer Region... B. Inner region (contains pyramids)... C. Minor…
A. Afferent arterioles... B. Glomerulus... C. Efferent arterioles... D…
Urinary System:... A. 2 Kidneys... B. 2 Uret…
A.... B. Transports urine to urinary bladder... C. Stores urine... D.…
Kidney: Protective Coverings... A. Renal…
A. Outermost layer... B. Middle layer... C. Innermost layer
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Metabolism-
What is metabolism?
What is catabolism?
Why type of reaction is catabolism?
What is anabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
Catabolism is an exergonic reaction (energy, or ATP, is relea…
Anabolism is a type of metabolism: the building of simple mol…
What is metabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
What is catabolism?
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Metabolism-
What is metabolism?
What is catabolism?
Why type of reaction is catabolism?
What is anabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
Catabolism is an exergonic reaction (energy, or ATP, is relea…
Anabolism is a type of metabolism: the building of simple mol…
What is metabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
What is catabolism?
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
70 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 25
Kidney
Renal Functions
Renal Capsule
Adipose Capsule
Functions by filtering 200 liters of blood daily, allowing to…
Production of rennin to help regulate blood pressure and eryt…
Fibrous capsule that prevents kidney infection.
Fatty mass that cushions the kidney and helps attach it to th…
Kidney
Functions by filtering 200 liters of blood daily, allowing to…
Renal Functions
Production of rennin to help regulate blood pressure and eryt…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 25
Afferent nerves
Alzheimer's disease
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Autonomic nervous system ( ANS)
Carry impulses from the sensory receptor to the central nervo…
Progressive, degenerative disease of the brain characterized…
A disease of unknown cause that breaks down the nerves in the…
Part of the peripheral nervous system that is responsible for…
Afferent nerves
Carry impulses from the sensory receptor to the central nervo…
Alzheimer's disease
Progressive, degenerative disease of the brain characterized…
58 terms
Chapter 25 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Gastroenterology
Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
Process of study of the stomach and intestines.
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
Eating
Breakdown of food substances into simpler forms that can be a…
Gastroenterology
Process of study of the stomach and intestines.
Digestive System
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood f…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Metabolism
Salivary Amylase
Pancreatic Enzymes
Duodenum
Lingual Lipase
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
Enzymes in the stomach that further break down carbohydrates
Section of the small intestine responsible for absorption of…
Enzyme found in the mouth that helps break down lipids
Salivary Amylase
Enzyme in the mouth that helps break down carbohydrates
Pancreatic Enzymes
Enzymes in the stomach that further break down carbohydrates
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocab (Chapter 25-29)
renal
nephron
proximate
distal
kidneys
functional unit of kidneys
near
far
renal
kidneys
nephron
functional unit of kidneys
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25 Vocabulary
Gastroenterology
Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and treatm…
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
selective intake of food
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable…
Gastroenterology
the study of the digestive tract and the diagnosis and treatm…
Digestive System
the organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 25 terms
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
polysaccharides break down to
proteins break down to
physical breakdown of food into smaller particles
a series of hydrolysis reactions that break dietary macromole…
monosaccharides
amino acids
Mechanical digestion
physical breakdown of food into smaller particles
Chemical digestion
a series of hydrolysis reactions that break dietary macromole…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25
1. Which of the following regions of t…
2. The mechanism that establishes the…
3. Urine passes through the:
4. A Bowman's capsule does not contain:
Loop of Henle
Loop of Henle
Pelvis of the kidney to ureter to bladder to urethra
A vasa recta
1. Which of the following regions of t…
Loop of Henle
2. The mechanism that establishes the…
Loop of Henle
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Metabolism-
What is metabolism?
What is catabolism?
Why type of reaction is catabolism?
What is anabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
Catabolism is an exergonic reaction (energy, or ATP, is relea…
Anabolism is a type of metabolism: the building of simple mol…
What is metabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
What is catabolism?
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
71 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 25 and 26
Which of the following best describes…
GFR regulation mechanisms primarily af…
Which of the following are mechanisms…
Macula densa cells of the juxtaglomeru…
the volume of filtrate created by the kidneys per minute
glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)
myogenic mechanism and tubuloglomerular feedback
tubuloglomerular feedback
Which of the following best describes…
the volume of filtrate created by the kidneys per minute
GFR regulation mechanisms primarily af…
glomerular hydrostatic pressure (HPg)
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Metabolism-
What is metabolism?
What is catabolism?
Why type of reaction is catabolism?
What is anabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
Catabolism is an exergonic reaction (energy, or ATP, is relea…
Anabolism is a type of metabolism: the building of simple mol…
What is metabolism?
Metabolism refers to all chemical reactions that occur in the…
What is catabolism?
Catabolism is a type of metabolism: the breaking down of comp…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25; Metabolism and Nutrition
metabolism
cellular respiration
aerobic conditions
anaerobic conditions
the sum of all chemical reactions that take place in the body
intracellular reactions in which nutrient molecules are broke…
require oxygen (favorable for more ATP)
do not require oxygen (lesser capacity)
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that take place in the body
cellular respiration
intracellular reactions in which nutrient molecules are broke…
8 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 25
What is the digestive system?
What are the five stages of digestion?
What is ingestion?
What is digestion?
The organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
Selective intake of food
Mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into a form usable…
What is the digestive system?
The organ system that processes food, extracts nutrients from…
What are the five stages of digestion?
Ingestion, digestion, absorption, compaction, defecation
88 terms
Fundamental of Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25, 10th ed.
Anorexia:
Anorexia nervosa:
Binge-purge syndrome:
Bulimia:
Persistent loss of appetite.
Eating disorder occurring primarily among girls and women cha…
Eating disorder characterized by excessive eating followed by…
An eating disorder usually characterized by episodic binge ea…
Anorexia:
Persistent loss of appetite.
Anorexia nervosa:
Eating disorder occurring primarily among girls and women cha…
63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: chapter 25.1-25.5
glomerulus
dark urine, scent of ammonia, less uri…
specific gravity
1
What is the first part of the nephron?
What are the signs of dehydration?
The number of solutes in the urine.
What is the specific gravity for pure water?
glomerulus
What is the first part of the nephron?
dark urine, scent of ammonia, less uri…
What are the signs of dehydration?
Chapter 25 and 26 Test Anatomy and Physiology 2
What happens when transport maximum is…
Where is the majority of sodium and wa…
What limb is permeable to water?
Which cell in the collecting duct is t…
Excess is secreted in urine
Proximal Convoluted Tubule
Descending limb
Principal cells
What happens when transport maximum is…
Excess is secreted in urine
Where is the majority of sodium and wa…
Proximal Convoluted Tubule
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25 Quiz (Digestion)
Pancreatic juice contains
The jejunum
The fundus of the stomach
Bile functions in digestion as an
carbohydrase, proteases, and lipase
absorbs most nutrients
is superior to the junction of the esophagus and stomach
emulsifier
Pancreatic juice contains
carbohydrase, proteases, and lipase
The jejunum
absorbs most nutrients
30 terms
Chapter 25 Marieb Anatomy Physiology Quiz
How is Na+ reabsorbed?
Major calyces are:
Micturition is:
The basic functional unit of the kidne…
Active transport using ATP... Na+ is reabsorbed by active trans…
large branches of the renal pelvis.... Major calyces are the la…
a sacral reflex.... Micturition is a sacral reflex. It is also…
nephron.... There are over one million nephrons per kidney.
How is Na+ reabsorbed?
Active transport using ATP... Na+ is reabsorbed by active trans…
Major calyces are:
large branches of the renal pelvis.... Major calyces are the la…
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
70 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25: Urinary System
The ______ regulate the volume, compos…
The kidneys control the rate of blood…
The kidneys regulate blood pressure by…
The three steps of urine formation:
kidneys
erythropoietin
renin
1. Glomerular filtration... 2. Tubular reabsorption... 3. Tubular s…
The ______ regulate the volume, compos…
kidneys
The kidneys control the rate of blood…
erythropoietin
140 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25 Urinary System
Kidney functions
Endocrine functions
What is Renin?
What is Erythropoietin?
regulating total water volume and total solute concentration…
renin and erythropoietin
regulation of blood pressure
regulation of RBC production
Kidney functions
regulating total water volume and total solute concentration…
Endocrine functions
renin and erythropoietin
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 25 (Metabolism, Energetics)
Aerobic Respiration
Glycolysis
TCA/Citric Acids/Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain/System
Generates ATP by breaking down carbs... Glucose + O2 = CO2 + H2O…
Breaks down glucose in cytosol into pyruvic acid... "Anaerobic"…
Begins when acetyl CoA transfers its 2-carbon acetyl group to…
Transfer of electrons via redox reactions... Creates a protein g…
Aerobic Respiration
Generates ATP by breaking down carbs... Glucose + O2 = CO2 + H2O…
Glycolysis
Breaks down glucose in cytosol into pyruvic acid... "Anaerobic"…
44 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology (9th Edition) Chapter 25: Metabolism and Energetics
vitamin
hypothermia
ketone bodies
anabolism
An essential organic nutrient that functions as a coenzyme in…
an abnormally low body temperature
Keto acids produced during the catabolism of lipids and ketog…
The synthesis of complex organic compounds from simpler precu…
vitamin
An essential organic nutrient that functions as a coenzyme in…
hypothermia
an abnormally low body temperature
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 25 - the Female Reproductive System
Principle organs of the female reprodu…
Ovaries produce
Female reproductive organs
Anatomy of ovaries
Ovaries, Uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, components of externa…
Immature gametes called oocytes which later mature into ova
Ovaries, uterine tube, uterus, vagina, external genitalia
Paired small almond shaped organs near the lateral walls of t…
Principle organs of the female reprodu…
Ovaries, Uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, components of externa…
Ovaries produce
Immature gametes called oocytes which later mature into ova
88 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch.25
Does oxidation cause a decrease in pot…
What is the function of coenzymes?
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD…
Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is f…
yes
help to oxidize and reduce
Vitamin B3
Riboflavin
Does oxidation cause a decrease in pot…
yes
What is the function of coenzymes?
help to oxidize and reduce
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