Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test banks"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test banks"

102 terms
anatomy and physiology word bank terms
abdominal
abdominal cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
acromial
pertaining to the abdomen, which is the body trunk inferior t…
body cavity that contains mainly the digestive system, the re…
contains both the abdominal and pelvic cavities
pertaining to the point of the shoulder
abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen, which is the body trunk inferior t…
abdominal cavity
body cavity that contains mainly the digestive system, the re…
32 terms
Midterm Essay Bank for Anatomy & Physiology
What are the structural levels of orga…
What are the various planes that separ…
Explain all the cavities that separate…
Describe feedback loops, and the diffe…
1. Chemical- includes atoms and molecules... 2. Cellular- inclu…
Transverse horizontal plane- goes through the stomach (top an…
Dorsal Cavity... -cranial cavity- brain... -spinal cavity- spinal c…
sensor- senses/detects something wrong... control center- the a…
What are the structural levels of orga…
1. Chemical- includes atoms and molecules... 2. Cellular- inclu…
What are the various planes that separ…
Transverse horizontal plane- goes through the stomach (top an…
work bank B (anatomy & Physiology)
fertilization
morula
blastocysts
trophoblasts cells
the joining of the sperm and the egg in the fallopian tube
clusters of 16 or more cells 3d. after fertilization
a fluid filled hollow sphere lined by a single layer of troph…
eventually go on to become placenta; starts producing HCG.
fertilization
the joining of the sperm and the egg in the fallopian tube
morula
clusters of 16 or more cells 3d. after fertilization
104 terms
Word Bank A (anatomy & physiology)
Intracellular Fluid
extracellular fluid
plasma
interstitial fluid
fluid within the cells
fluid outside the cells
the fluid portion of the blood
fluid between the cells
Intracellular Fluid
fluid within the cells
extracellular fluid
fluid outside the cells
39 terms
Chapter 8: Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Joint
Synarthrotic
Amphiarthrotic
Diarthrotic
Sight where one or more bones meet.
Immoveable joints
Slightly moveable joints
Freely moveable joints.
Joint
Sight where one or more bones meet.
Synarthrotic
Immoveable joints
63 terms
Chapter 9: Human Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Excitability
Attached to bone, striated, voluntary control.
Found in the walls of heart, striated, involuntary control.
Non-striated, voluntary control. Found in sheets around hollo…
The ability to receive and respond to a nervous stimuli.
Skeletal Muscle
Attached to bone, striated, voluntary control.
Cardiac Muscle
Found in the walls of heart, striated, involuntary control.
14 terms
Chapter 10: Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Prime Mover
Antagonist
Synergist
Fixator
The "agoinst"; the muscle that provide the major force in any…
The muscles that oppose or reverse a particular motion.
Muscles that help the prime movers by adding extra force or r…
Synergists that immobilize a bone or muscle's origin.
Prime Mover
The "agoinst"; the muscle that provide the major force in any…
Antagonist
The muscles that oppose or reverse a particular motion.
40 terms
Skeletal Muscles: Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Epicranius
Zygomaticus
Orbicularis Oris
Masseter
Frontalis and Occipitalis; raises eyebrows, wrinkles forehead…
Smiling Muscle
Closes lips, purses/protrudes lips, kissing/whistling muscle.
Prime mover of jaw closer, elevates mandible
Epicranius
Frontalis and Occipitalis; raises eyebrows, wrinkles forehead…
Zygomaticus
Smiling Muscle
26 terms
Chapter 7: Human Anatomy and Physiology (Word Bank)
Axial
Appendicular
Sutures
Orbits
(80 Bones Total) Relating to the skull, vertebral column, sac…
Bones of appendages and bony grades (shoulder and hip joints)…
Interlocking joints that unite all bones of the skull except…
Bony cavities in which the eyes are encased in fatty tissue a…
Axial
(80 Bones Total) Relating to the skull, vertebral column, sac…
Appendicular
Bones of appendages and bony grades (shoulder and hip joints)…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 Question Bank
The three components of blood are ____…
The primary function of platelets is t…
The purpose of Red Blood Cells is to t…
The three Extracellular Fluids include…
red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
stop the bleeding
oxygen
plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph
The three components of blood are ____…
red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
The primary function of platelets is t…
stop the bleeding
113 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 Word Bank
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Pathology
Study of structure
Study of function
Study of cells
Study of disease
Anatomy
Study of structure
Physiology
Study of function
74 terms
Fundamentals esthetics, anatomy and physiology word bank
Protoplasm
Cytoplasm
Mitosis
Metabolism
Colourless, jellylike substance in cells; contains food eleme…
All the protoplasm of a cell except that which is in the nucl…
Cells dividing into new cells (daughter cells); the usual pro…
(1) chemical process taking place in living organisms whereby…
Protoplasm
Colourless, jellylike substance in cells; contains food eleme…
Cytoplasm
All the protoplasm of a cell except that which is in the nucl…
116 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 1 Word Bank 1 (CSU)
Anatomy
Physiology
Cytology
Pathology
The study of structure
The study of functions
The study of cells
The study of disease
Anatomy
The study of structure
Physiology
The study of functions
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Quiz 3 Question Bank
In order to increase or decrease blood…
An increase in end diastolic volume wo…
How does the effect of viscosity compa…
The AV valves are supported by chordae…
The radius of the blood vessels feeding that system.
Increase
Vessel radius has a greater effect on fluid flow than viscosi…
Atria during ventricular contraction does not occur.
In order to increase or decrease blood…
The radius of the blood vessels feeding that system.
An increase in end diastolic volume wo…
Increase
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Quiz 2 Bank - Muscularskeletal System
The deltoid muscle has a______________…
Muscle fatigue occurs due to
If a joint ligament is injured or dama…
A patient who has an inflammation of t…
multipennate
Ionic Imbalances
Sprain
Bursitis
The deltoid muscle has a______________…
multipennate
Muscle fatigue occurs due to
Ionic Imbalances
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal (Abdomen)
Acromion (Acromial)
Antebrachium (Antebrachial)
Antecubitis (Antecubital)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
A bony process on the scapula.
Forearm... The part of the arm between the wrist and the elbow.
front of elbow
Abdominal (Abdomen)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
Acromion (Acromial)
A bony process on the scapula.
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
Anatomy and Physiology -
What Is Anatomy ?
What is Physiology?
Name the six levels of structural orga…
Gross Anatomy
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Chemical level , Cellular level , Tissue level , organs level…
Observing our own body or study large body structures such as…
What Is Anatomy ?
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
What is Physiology?
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Anatomy and physiology
supraordital ridge
frontal bone
perietal bone
temporal bone
supraordital ridge
frontal bone
Anatomy and Physiology
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone (2)
Temporal Bone (2)
Occipital Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
Inferior to the Paritel Bones (Squamous Sutures)
Forms the floor and back wall of the skull, joins the parieta…
Frontal Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Parietal Bone (2)
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Functions of Cerebrum
Functions of Frontal Lobe
Functions of Parietal Lobe
Functions of Occipital Lobe
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
processing sensory information regarding the location of part…
processing visual information
Functions of Cerebrum
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
Functions of Frontal Lobe
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
927 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction Vocabulary
Superior
Inferior
Anterior or Ventral
Posterior or Dorsal
closest to the head
closer to the feet
front surface
back surface
Superior
closest to the head
Inferior
closer to the feet
Anatomy and Physiology
Homeostasis
osteoblasts
erythrocyte
Cartilage
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
a red blood cell that does not have a nucleus
flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the j…
Homeostasis
the body's ability to maintain its normal state
osteoblasts
cells that secretes the matrix for bone formation
116 terms
anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
structure and function
organization of anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
the study of the function of the body parts
structure determines function
5 types : ... 1. gross anatomy. ... 2. regional anatomy. ... 3. system…
anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
physiology
the study of the function of the body parts
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy, form, dissect, cut apart
physiology, function
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy, form, dissect, cut apart
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology, function
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Cell Physiology
Solution:
Solvent:
What is the body's chief solvent?:
Solute:
A mixture of two or more components
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Water
Components of a solution are present in smaller amounts
Solution:
A mixture of two or more components
Solvent:
Substance present in the largest amount in a solution
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomical Position
Four Abdominal Quadrants:
The six body planes are:
Transverse plane
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
Right Upper Quadrant. RUQ... Left Upper Quadrant.LUQ... Right Lower…
Transverse plane.... Sagittal plane.... Midsagittal plane.... Median p…
horizontal division of the body into upper (superior) and low…
Anatomical Position
Body facing forward, feet are parallel to each other, arms ar…
Four Abdominal Quadrants:
Right Upper Quadrant. RUQ... Left Upper Quadrant.LUQ... Right Lower…
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Surface Anatomy
Anterior Body Landmarks
Abdominal
Acromial
Antebrachial
Front
Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior Body Landmarks
Front
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Anatomy and Physiology
3 major components of the cytoplasm
Single most abundant inorganic compoun…
Water is the single most abundant ____…
Movement of ions across cell membranes
Cytosol, organelles, inclusion
Water
Inorganic
Electrical energy
3 major components of the cytoplasm
Cytosol, organelles, inclusion
Single most abundant inorganic compoun…
Water
32 terms
anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
parts of the body
cavities
the study of the structure of organisms and the relations of…
branch of biology dealing with the function of living organisms
head... trunk/torso: thorax and abdomen... pelvis/hips
spaces where organs reside... ex. cranial, thoracic, abdominal
anatomy
the study of the structure of organisms and the relations of…
physiology
branch of biology dealing with the function of living organisms
74 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Types of Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Epithelial,Connective,Muscle, Nervous
-Widespread throughout body , covers all body surfaces, lines…
-Binds structures together... -forms a framework and support for…
-Shorten & contract in order to produce movement to body part…
Types of Tissues
Epithelial,Connective,Muscle, Nervous
Epithelial Tissue
-Widespread throughout body , covers all body surfaces, lines…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
The building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules…
The smallest unit of living things.
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
141 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Liver
Gall Bladder
Pancreas
Spleen
Produces Bile, RUQ
Stores Bile, RUQ
Produces Insulin, LUQ
Vascular Organ in the LUQ, First line of defense in infection
Liver
Produces Bile, RUQ
Gall Bladder
Stores Bile, RUQ
22 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple Columar
Pseudostratisfied Columnar
L: Alveoli of lungs, walls of capillaries, and linings of blo…
L: Surface of ovaries, linings of kidney, fibula and other va…
L: linings of digestive tract, lining of uterus ... F: Protectio…
L: Lining of respiratory tract, and lining of various tubes o…
Simple Squamous
L: Alveoli of lungs, walls of capillaries, and linings of blo…
Simple Cuboidal
L: Surface of ovaries, linings of kidney, fibula and other va…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Anatomy and Physiology Bone Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Condyle
Crest
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bone of the head, t…
The portion of the skeleton consisting of the bones or cartil…
A rounded process that usually articulates with other bone
A narrow ridge-like projection
Axial Skeleton
Part of the skeleton that consists of the bone of the head, t…
Appendicular Skeleton
The portion of the skeleton consisting of the bones or cartil…
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Surface Anatomy
Acromial (Posterior)
Acromial (Anterior)
Antebrachial
Axillary
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Acromial (Posterior)
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Acromial (Anterior)
Label the structure /region in which the arrow is pointing.
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 3
serous membranes
pericardium
peritoneum
pleura
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enve…
serous membranes
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
pericardium
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
Anatomy and Physiology: Brain Anatomy
cerebrum
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
occipital lobe
Made up of paired hemispheres (left and right) ... Includes more…
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include proce…
A region of the cerebral cortex that processes visual informa…
cerebrum
Made up of paired hemispheres (left and right) ... Includes more…
frontal lobe
A region of the cerebral cortex that has specialized areas fo…
15 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Physiology
Anatomy
Ventral/Anterior
Proximal
Study of the function of the body and body parts
Study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts
In front of
Close to the origin of the body part
Physiology
Study of the function of the body and body parts
Anatomy
Study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
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