Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology test2"

82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
support, protection, movement, mineral…
spongy bone (cancellous bone)
yellow bone marrow (in the cavity of l…
diaphysis
What are the six main skeletal system functions?
Where does blood cell production occur?
Where are triglycerides stored in he bone?
The shaft and compact bone of long bones
support, protection, movement, mineral…
What are the six main skeletal system functions?
spongy bone (cancellous bone)
Where does blood cell production occur?
56 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY TEST 2
Cilia
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial functions
Apical surface
whiplike cellular extensions that move substances along the c…
the lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body.
protection, absorption, filtration, and secretion.
exposed to the body's exterior or to the cavity of an interna…
Cilia
whiplike cellular extensions that move substances along the c…
Epithelial Tissue
the lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body.
204 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Basic Structure of Skeletal Cartilages…
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
Location of Hyaline cartilage
Skeletal... Hyaline... Elastic... Fibro
Made from cartilage, surrounded by a layer of irregular conne…
Most abundant skeletal cartilage ... Provides support, flexibili…
The articular, costal, respiratory, and nasal cartilages
Basic Structure of Skeletal Cartilages…
Skeletal... Hyaline... Elastic... Fibro
Skeletal cartilage
Made from cartilage, surrounded by a layer of irregular conne…
Anatomy and physiology test 2
prefix's of muscle
Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Myo, Mys, Sarco.
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth.
longest, striations, voluntary muscle.... Contract rapidly; tire…
found in the heart, striated, involuntary.
prefix's of muscle
Myo, Mys, Sarco.
Muscle tissue
Skeletal, cardiac, smooth.
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Test 2
passive transport
passive transport
passive transport: diffusion
passive transport: simple diffusion
involves the movement of a substance down/with a concentratio…
requires no energy expenditure by the cell
the movement of molecules or ions from a region of greater co…
diffusion directly through the phospholipid portions of the c…
passive transport
involves the movement of a substance down/with a concentratio…
passive transport
requires no energy expenditure by the cell
168 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
D
B
e
c
D
B
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
G Protein-Linked Receptors
Operation of a G protein
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
ligands bind to a receptor which activates a G protein, causi…
An extracellular ligand (first messenger) binds to a specific…
material between plasma membrane and the nucleus
largely water with dissolved protein, salts, sugars, and othe…
G Protein-Linked Receptors
ligands bind to a receptor which activates a G protein, causi…
Operation of a G protein
An extracellular ligand (first messenger) binds to a specific…
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Functions of the skeletal system
Macroscopic Features of Bone
General Features
Types of bone tissue
Protection... - Ribcage, Skull... - Spinal column, Pelvis... Support... -…
Long- longer than wide... - Leg: femur; arm: humerous... Short- abo…
Diaphysis... -Shaft made up compact bone on outer edge... Epiphysis…
Compact... Spongy
Functions of the skeletal system
Protection... - Ribcage, Skull... - Spinal column, Pelvis... Support... -…
Macroscopic Features of Bone
Long- longer than wide... - Leg: femur; arm: humerous... Short- abo…
565 terms
anatomy and physiology test 2
-Treated surgically; Metastasizes rapi…
Which system receives more medical tre…
-found mainly in the diaphysis or shaft
...
...
...
-Treated surgically; Metastasizes rapi…
...
Which system receives more medical tre…
...
128 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 TEST 2
Functions of the Skeletal System
lipids
distal apendicular skeleton
hemopoiesis
support, storage of minerals/ions and lipids,blood cell produ…
triglycerides in adipocytes within the yellow bone marrow of…
below the elbows and below the knees.
blood cell production
Functions of the Skeletal System
support, storage of minerals/ions and lipids,blood cell produ…
lipids
triglycerides in adipocytes within the yellow bone marrow of…
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Intercellular Junctions
Tight Junctions
Desmosomes
Four major types of tissue
Between cells
Close space between cells... Located among cells that form linings
Form "spot welds" between cells... Located among outer skin cells
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Four major types of tissue
Intercellular Junctions
Between cells
291 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Test 2
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
Dendritic Cells
The superficial layer of the skin. ... - Consists of stratified…
make up roughly 90% of the epidermal cells and undergo kerati…
produces a brown pigment called melanin that helps to protect…
migratory phagocytic cells that provide defense against infec…
Epidermis
The superficial layer of the skin. ... - Consists of stratified…
Keratinocytes
make up roughly 90% of the epidermal cells and undergo kerati…
181 terms
Speech Anatomy and Physiology test 2
respiratory cycle
lung volume
lung capacity
pressures of the respiratory system
defined as as one inspiration and one expiration... -in adults,…
Amounts of air each separate compartment in the respiratory s…
Combinations of volumes that express physiological limits ... -f…
atmospheric pressure, intra-oral pressure, sub-glottal pressu…
respiratory cycle
defined as as one inspiration and one expiration... -in adults,…
lung volume
Amounts of air each separate compartment in the respiratory s…
31 terms
Anatomy/Physiology - Test 2
Definition of Tissue
Name the 4 major types of tissue in th…
Describe the general characteristics o…
Simple squamous epithelium
Layers or groups of similiar cells with a common function
epithelial... connective ... muscle ... nervous
Found throughout the body. It covers the body surface & organ…
Lymphatic vessels - lines air sacs
Definition of Tissue
Layers or groups of similiar cells with a common function
Name the 4 major types of tissue in th…
epithelial... connective ... muscle ... nervous
217 terms
Anatomy and physiology test 2
External nares
Hard palate
Soft palate
Uvula
What is i?
What is j?
What is k?
What is L?
External nares
What is i?
Hard palate
What is j?
74 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Test 2
Occipitofrontalis
Orbicularis oris
Levator labii superioris
Depressor labii inferioris
Muscles of facial expression... -elevation of eyebrows
Muscles of facial expression... -closes lips... -puckers lips
Muscles of facial expression... -elevation of upper lip (sneer)
Muscles of facial expression... -depression of lower lip (pout)
Occipitofrontalis
Muscles of facial expression... -elevation of eyebrows
Orbicularis oris
Muscles of facial expression... -closes lips... -puckers lips
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Nucleus
Ribosome
modification and packaging of newly synthesized proteins
lipid and carb synthesis
control of metabolism, storage, and processing of genetic inf…
protein synthesis
Rough ER
modification and packaging of newly synthesized proteins
Smooth ER
lipid and carb synthesis
Anatomy and Physiology test 2
Endocrine
Exocrine
Epithelium Layers
Simple Squamous
oozes out to an area
secrets through a duct
Avascular... basal lamina (attachment site)... Stratified squamous
Endocrine
oozes out to an area
Exocrine
secrets through a duct
Anatomy and Physiology Lab test 2
Larynx
thyroid cartilage
cricoid cartilage
epiglottis
Larynx
thyroid cartilage
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Histology
Serous Membranes
Mucuous Membranes
Cutaneous Membranes
The study of body tissues. (Epitheleal, connective, muscle, a…
Moist membranes lining closed body cavities.
Also moist, line all body cavities that open to the outside o…
A dry membrane more commonly known as the skin.
Histology
The study of body tissues. (Epitheleal, connective, muscle, a…
Serous Membranes
Moist membranes lining closed body cavities.
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
Above
Below
In front of
Behind
Superior
Above
Inferior
Below
42 terms
Test 2 Anatomy and Physiology
Active Transport
Anaphase
Anticodon
Apoptosis
Requires cellular energy to move a substance against its conc…
A part of mitosis, Chromatids separate into daughter chromoso…
Found on RNA UCA-> AGU
The programmed death of a cell
Active Transport
Requires cellular energy to move a substance against its conc…
Anaphase
A part of mitosis, Chromatids separate into daughter chromoso…
23 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Test 2
four types of tissue
functions of epithelial tissue
membranous epithelial tissue
glandular epithelial tissue
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
protection, secretion, absorption, and passage of substances
serves as a cover/lining. found in serous cavities, blood and…
grouped in solid cords, from secretory units of endocrine and…
four types of tissue
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
functions of epithelial tissue
protection, secretion, absorption, and passage of substances
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Respiration
Upper Respiratory System
Lower Respiratory System
External Respiration
Gas exchange between an organism and it's environment.
Supra-laryngeal.
Larynx and below
O2/CO2 exchange between body and environment.
Respiration
Gas exchange between an organism and it's environment.
Upper Respiratory System
Supra-laryngeal.
anatomy and physiology test 2
glycoprotein cell receptor
biological molecules (5)
lipids
nucleic acids
surface carbohydrate that serves as points if attachment
lipids... nucleic acids... carbohydrates ... ATP... protein
function: organic compound formed of carbon, hydrogen, and ox…
function: stores and transmits genetic information ... found in:…
glycoprotein cell receptor
surface carbohydrate that serves as points if attachment
biological molecules (5)
lipids... nucleic acids... carbohydrates ... ATP... protein
138 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Epithelial tissue
2 types of epithelial tissue
Locations of epithelial tissue
Serous membrane
forms boundaries between different environments, protects, se…
simple squamous, stratified squamous
lining of GI tract and other hollow organs
located inside the ventral body cavity
Epithelial tissue
forms boundaries between different environments, protects, se…
2 types of epithelial tissue
simple squamous, stratified squamous
287 terms
Anatomy and physiology test 2
Functions of the nervous system
sensory
integration
motor
Sensory, integration, motor
sensory input. monitor internal and external changes
process/interpret
activates effectors
Functions of the nervous system
Sensory, integration, motor
sensory
sensory input. monitor internal and external changes
91 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Describe the five types of cell juncti…
What is the function of *tight junctio…
What is the function of *adherens junc…
What is the function of desmosomes?
-Tight Junctions... -Adherens Junctions... -Desmosomes... -Hemidesmoso…
-seals off the intercellular space... -prevents the passage of s…
-resist separation of cells during contractile activities... *in…
-prevent epidermal cells from separating under tension (cardi…
Describe the five types of cell juncti…
-Tight Junctions... -Adherens Junctions... -Desmosomes... -Hemidesmoso…
What is the function of *tight junctio…
-seals off the intercellular space... -prevents the passage of s…
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
Nonmembranous organelles
Membranous organelles
Cytoplasmic streaming
the three principle parts of a cell
organelles with no membrane and have direct contact with the…
organelles covered with plasma membrane that are isolated fro…
the constant flux or movement within the cytoplasm
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
the three principle parts of a cell
Nonmembranous organelles
organelles with no membrane and have direct contact with the…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Test 2
Adipose (Fat)
Reticuloendothelial (only wandering ce…
Loose (Areolar)
Elastic Cartilage (poor blood supply)
protection, shock absorption, stores energy, helps maintain t…
engulfing foreign objects; macrophages (large eating cells),…
strong & stretchy, binds your skin to underlying organs, fill…
flexible supportive networks; larynx (voice box), external ear
Adipose (Fat)
protection, shock absorption, stores energy, helps maintain t…
Reticuloendothelial (only wandering ce…
engulfing foreign objects; macrophages (large eating cells),…
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
The skeletal system has five primary f…
What categorizes as a part of the skel…
How are bones classified?
Six bone shape:
1) Support 2) Storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yello…
bones of the skeleton, the cartilages, ligaments and other co…
shape, tissue organization and bone markings.
1) Sutural Bones 2) Irregular Bones 3) Short Bones 4) Flat Bo…
The skeletal system has five primary f…
1) Support 2) Storage of minerals (calcium) and lipids (yello…
What categorizes as a part of the skel…
bones of the skeleton, the cartilages, ligaments and other co…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 2 Test 2
Lymphatic and Cardiovascular System
Components of Lymphatic System**
Function of L system**
Lymph Capillaries**
-Lymphatic vessels work in conjuntion with cardiovascular... -Ma…
-Network of lymphatic vessels/nodes... -Spleen... -Thymus... -Tonsils
-Assists in maintaining fluid balance... -Transports excess flui…
-Microscopic close ended tubes... -Extend into spaces within the…
Lymphatic and Cardiovascular System
-Lymphatic vessels work in conjuntion with cardiovascular... -Ma…
Components of Lymphatic System**
-Network of lymphatic vessels/nodes... -Spleen... -Thymus... -Tonsils
Test 2 Anatomy and Physiology
Produce blood cells
Organ protection, energy storage, ther…
Fibrocartilage
Immobile
The red marrow of bone functions to:
The hypodermis is rich in adipose, thus its functions include:
In a broken bone, the soft callus is formed of:
A synarthrosis is:
Produce blood cells
The red marrow of bone functions to:
Organ protection, energy storage, ther…
The hypodermis is rich in adipose, thus its functions include:
63 terms
anatomy and physiology test 2
morpholoy
atoms
cells
tissues
the science or study of the structure of an organism or body
consist of subatomic particles that all substances are compos…
basic functionary units of all living matter; organized to ma…
collections of similar cells that carry out specific bodily f…
morpholoy
the science or study of the structure of an organism or body
atoms
consist of subatomic particles that all substances are compos…
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology test 2
Histology
Tissue
Epithelial Tissues
Connective tissue
the study of tissues
a group of similar cells a with a similar function
are very superficial, they cover and line the body for protec…
are very deep, vascular due to the space between the cells an…
Histology
the study of tissues
Tissue
a group of similar cells a with a similar function
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
The cell, what is it made up of?
Size and shape of cells is related to
cytoplasm
what does the cytoplasm include?
the smallest unit of living things. Made up of carbon, nitrog…
their function
the cellular material outside the nucleus and inside the plas…
It includes lipids, fats, glycogen (stored carbs), pigments,…
The cell, what is it made up of?
the smallest unit of living things. Made up of carbon, nitrog…
Size and shape of cells is related to
their function
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Describe relationship between: Tissues…
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Cells works together form tissues- collections of cells and c…
-covers every exposed body surface... -lines the digestive, resp…
-bone has solid matrix... - "general packing material"... -blood ha…
-moving the skeleton... -supporting soft tissue... -maintaing blood…
Describe relationship between: Tissues…
Cells works together form tissues- collections of cells and c…
Epithelial Tissue
-covers every exposed body surface... -lines the digestive, resp…
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
which of the following best matches "o…
How would removing hydroxyapatite from…
the narrow passageways that contain cy…
the interconnecting tiny arches of bon…
Mature bone cell
The bone would be more flexible
canaliculi
trabeculae
which of the following best matches "o…
Mature bone cell
How would removing hydroxyapatite from…
The bone would be more flexible
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Chemistry deals with...
What 4 gases comprise over 95% of the…
Organic compounds contain what element?
An element with the atomic number 6 wo…
composition of all substances, changes that occur in substanc…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Carbon
6 protons
Chemistry deals with...
composition of all substances, changes that occur in substanc…
What 4 gases comprise over 95% of the…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Anatomy & Physiology Test 2
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
platysma
raises eyebrows and wrinkles forehead
closes eye
retracts and elevates corner of mouth and upper lip
tenses skin of neck and depresses the mandible
frontalis
raises eyebrows and wrinkles forehead
orbicularis oculi
closes eye
187 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Test 2
joints (articulations)
arthrology
orthopedics
mobility, cohesion
These are sites were 2 or more bones meet. They are the weake…
The study of joints.
This is a branch of medicine that deals with prevention/corre…
Functions of joints:... 1) __________ - Allow our skeleton to mo…
joints (articulations)
These are sites were 2 or more bones meet. They are the weake…
arthrology
The study of joints.
Anatomy & Physiology Test 2 :
Simple Squamous Epithelium :
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium :
Simple Columnar Epithelium :
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium :
Function : Filtration , diffusion & osmosis ... Location : Air…
Function : Secretion & absorption ... Location : Surface of ova…
Function : Protection , secretion , & absorption . ... Location…
Function : Protection , secretion , movement of mucus & cells…
Simple Squamous Epithelium :
Function : Filtration , diffusion & osmosis ... Location : Air…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium :
Function : Secretion & absorption ... Location : Surface of ova…
146 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Functions of the Skin
Stem cells
Melanocytes
Tactile (merkel) cells
Resistance to trauma and infection... Other barrier functions (U…
Undifferentiated cells that become keratinocytes... Found in Str…
Synthesize the pigment melanin... Found in stratum basale
Receptors for touch... Stratum basale
Functions of the Skin
Resistance to trauma and infection... Other barrier functions (U…
Stem cells
Undifferentiated cells that become keratinocytes... Found in Str…
Test 2 Anatomy & Physiology
What are the three types of Cartilage?
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Has scattered chondrocytes surrounded by the matrix. Fibers a…
Numerous chondrocytes are present. The matrix contains many t…
Few chondrocytes are present. The matrix contains large, wavy…
What are the three types of Cartilage?
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Has scattered chondrocytes surrounded by the matrix. Fibers a…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
What is stress?
What are cells?
What is adaptation?
What are the two types of cellular ada…
Anything that disrupts homeostasis
Living participants in their environments that adjust to chan…
The response of a cell to deal with changing environmental co…
Physiological and pathological
What is stress?
Anything that disrupts homeostasis
What are cells?
Living participants in their environments that adjust to chan…
72 terms
Anatomy and Physiology test 2
Simple fracture
Compound fracture
Partial fracture
Green stick fravture
Clean break- not common
Bone protrudes from skin-HIGH risk of infection
Bone broken length wise thru diaphisis but not separated
Small children- bone splinters, doesn't break
Simple fracture
Clean break- not common
Compound fracture
Bone protrudes from skin-HIGH risk of infection
113 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Phonation
The Phonatory System
Thyroid Notch
Esophagus
-act of producing voice... -major source of sound comes from the…
how sound is produced*... -mainly concerned with voiced sounds (…
adam's apple
located in the back of the trachea
Phonation
-act of producing voice... -major source of sound comes from the…
The Phonatory System
how sound is produced*... -mainly concerned with voiced sounds (…
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Test 2
Vitamin B2
Vitamin B3
Vitamin B1
Why need vitamin c
Riboflavin
Niacin
Thiamin
Grow tissues and repair wounds
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Vitamin B3
Niacin
Anatomy and Physiology I: Test 2
epithelial tissues
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
tissue that forms the innermost and outmost surfaces of body…
filtration, diffusion, osmosis ... air sacs of lungs, walls of c…
secretion, absorption... surface of ovaries, linings of kidney t…
protection, secretion, absorption ... linings of uterus and tube…
epithelial tissues
tissue that forms the innermost and outmost surfaces of body…
simple squamous epithelium
filtration, diffusion, osmosis ... air sacs of lungs, walls of c…
158 terms
Anatomy and physiology test 2
sesamoid bone
diaphysis
articulation
bones
bone on knee cap
shaft of bone
joint
what provides support and movement?
sesamoid bone
bone on knee cap
diaphysis
shaft of bone
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