Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology vocabulary"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology vocabulary"

64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction Vocabulary
Superior
Inferior
Anterior or Ventral
Posterior or Dorsal
closest to the head
closer to the feet
front surface
back surface
Superior
closest to the head
Inferior
closer to the feet
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Superior
Inferior
Anterior or Ventral
Posterior or Dorsal
closest to the head
closer to the feet
front surface
back surface
Superior
closest to the head
Inferior
closer to the feet
177 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 1
atrophy
hyperplasia
hypertrophy
metaplasia
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
abnormal increase in number of cells
increase in cell size
Mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type
atrophy
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
hyperplasia
abnormal increase in number of cells
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
Anatomy and physiology vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
The science of the structure of living organisms.
The science of living organisms.
A state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of…
Feedback that causes the stimulus to decline or end.
Anatomy
The science of the structure of living organisms.
Physiology
The science of living organisms.
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
tendons
insertion
origin
aponeuroses
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
pulled toward its less movable attachment
flattened sheetlike tendons
tendons
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
insertion
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
reproduction
autoregulation
hypothalamus
pericardial
to produce again
self regulation
a specialized structure of the endocrine system that produces…
located around the heart
reproduction
to produce again
autoregulation
self regulation
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Regional anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
aka: (macroscopic) - the study of large body structure visibl…
study of all the structures (muscles, bones, blood vessels, n…
Anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Physiology
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
156 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Scientific Method
Microscopic Anatomy
The study of stricture and form. 1.1
The study of function of the body parts. 1.1
Observation: hypothesis: test: conclusion. 1.1
Examines structures that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. H…
Anatomy
The study of stricture and form. 1.1
Physiology
The study of function of the body parts. 1.1
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
atoms
cells
the study of structure and shape of body parts
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules
smallest units of all living things
anatomy
the study of structure and shape of body parts
physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
200 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Vocabulary
abduction
Accommodation
Acetylocholine
actin
moving a limb away (generally on the frontal plane) from the…
pupils constricting reflexively when we view close objects; p…
The specific neurotransmitter that stimulates skeletal muscle…
a contractile protein that makes up thin filaments
abduction
moving a limb away (generally on the frontal plane) from the…
Accommodation
pupils constricting reflexively when we view close objects; p…
465 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Semester 1 Vocabulary
Femur
Head
Neck
Greater trochanter
Femur
Head
147 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 2
Anatomic Position
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
Divides body in right and left parts.... Variations: midsagittal…
(coronal plate) is ... parallel to forehead. Divides body... into a…
Anatomic Position
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
142 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 3
Levels of Organization
(smallest unit of life, semiautonomous…
Cells
Epithelial Cells
Atoms --> Molecule --> Macromolecule (Proteins, Carbs, Lipids…
cell
Smallest unit of life
Specialized for the selective secretion and absorption of ion…
Levels of Organization
Atoms --> Molecule --> Macromolecule (Proteins, Carbs, Lipids…
(smallest unit of life, semiautonomous…
cell
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
cells
tissues
the science of the structure of living organisms
the science of the functioning of living organisms
the basic biological unit of living organisms, enclosed by a…
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
60 terms
Animal Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
Periosteum
Spongy Bone vs compact bone
cartilage
actin vs myosin vs myofibril
dense white fibrous covering around bone
spongy bone- layer of bone tissue having many small spaces, f…
strong connective tissue that is more flexible than bone
actin: A contractile protein that is part of the thin filamen…
Periosteum
dense white fibrous covering around bone
Spongy Bone vs compact bone
spongy bone- layer of bone tissue having many small spaces, f…
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3 Vocabulary
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
forms a cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell's…
consists of all of the cellular contents between the plasma m…
the liquid portion of cytoplasm that consists mostly of water…
specialized structures inside cells that have characteristic…
plasma membrane
forms a cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell's…
cytoplasm
consists of all of the cellular contents between the plasma m…
Anatomy and Physiology -
What Is Anatomy ?
What is Physiology?
Name the six levels of structural orga…
Gross Anatomy
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Chemical level , Cellular level , Tissue level , organs level…
Observing our own body or study large body structures such as…
What Is Anatomy ?
Is the study of the structure and shape of the body and their…
What is Physiology?
Is the study of how the body and its parts work or function.
Anatomy and physiology
supraordital ridge
frontal bone
perietal bone
temporal bone
supraordital ridge
frontal bone
Anatomy and Physiology
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone (2)
Temporal Bone (2)
Occipital Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
Inferior to the Paritel Bones (Squamous Sutures)
Forms the floor and back wall of the skull, joins the parieta…
Frontal Bone
Forms the back of each eyes orbits and forms forehead as well…
Parietal Bone (2)
Form most of the upper and side walls of the skull and meet i…
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anatomy
Cytology
Histology
Dynamic Equilibrium
The study of body structure.... Includes the physical relationsh…
The study of cells.
The study of tissues.
A state of balance between continuing processes. Regulated by…
Anatomy
The study of body structure.... Includes the physical relationsh…
Cytology
The study of cells.
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Abdominal
Acromial
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
pertaining to the abdomen
the outward end of the spine of the scapula or shoulder blade
The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides a…
the science dealing with the structure of animals and plants
Abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
Acromial
the outward end of the spine of the scapula or shoulder blade
27 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
cytoplasm
permeable
pinocytosis
endocytosis
mass of fluid that surrounds the cell nucleus
open passage or penetration
process by which a cell engulfs droplets of fluids from its s…
process by which substances move through a cell membrane and…
cytoplasm
mass of fluid that surrounds the cell nucleus
permeable
open passage or penetration
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 3
serous membranes
pericardium
peritoneum
pleura
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enve…
serous membranes
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
pericardium
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Vocabulary
Reproduction
autoregulation
hypothalamus
pericardial
To produce again
self regulation
a specialized structure of the endocrine system that produces…
located around the heart
Reproduction
To produce again
autoregulation
self regulation
39 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
Front side of the body
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
Back side of the body
Back of an animal, plant, or organ
Anterior
Front side of the body
Ventral
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
10 terms
Anatomy and physiology vocabulary 3
Aniso-
Ankyl(o)/ancyl(o)-
Ante-
Anti-
Describing something as unequal
Denoting something as crooked or bent
Describing something as positioned in front of another thing
Describing something as against or opposed to another
Aniso-
Describing something as unequal
Ankyl(o)/ancyl(o)-
Denoting something as crooked or bent
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Axon
Dendrite
Myelin
Neurilemma
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around s…
Sheath formed by Schwann cells on the exterior of some axons.…
Axon
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
Dendrite
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
Anatomy and Physiology - Cardiovascular Vocabulary
Antibody
Coagulation
Leukocyte
Antigen
Protein produced by immune system in response to... an antigen.
...
White blood cell.
Chemicals found on the surface of a red blood cell that trigg…
Antibody
Protein produced by immune system in response to... an antigen.
Coagulation
...
116 terms
anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
structure and function
organization of anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
the study of the function of the body parts
structure determines function
5 types : ... 1. gross anatomy. ... 2. regional anatomy. ... 3. system…
anatomy
science that deals with the structure (morphology) of body pa…
physiology
the study of the function of the body parts
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cell Vocabulary
Plasma Membrane
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Glycolipid
Membrane, composed of phospholipids, cholesterol, and protein…
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars
Plasma Membrane
Membrane, composed of phospholipids, cholesterol, and protein…
Hydrophilic
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction Vocabulary
Adipose Tissue
Apocrine Secretion
Basement Membrane
Blood
Loose connective tissue composed of fat cells
Cell loses both cytoplasm and secretory product
Thin membrane separating columnar epithelial cells from under…
Fluid connective tissue consisting of red blood cells, white…
Adipose Tissue
Loose connective tissue composed of fat cells
Apocrine Secretion
Cell loses both cytoplasm and secretory product
Anatomy and Physiology Brain Vocabulary
Arachnoid mater
Arachnoid villi
Association fibers
Basal nuclei
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
Tracts that connect areas within one hemisphere
Islands of grey matter... responsible for cognitive processing,…
Arachnoid mater
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Arachnoid villi
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
20 terms
Skeleton Vocabulary - Anatomy and Physiology
appendicular
Sharpey's
periosteum
yellow bone marrow
bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
connective tissue fibers that tie the periosteum to contact b…
double layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes th…
contains stored fat
appendicular
bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
Sharpey's
connective tissue fibers that tie the periosteum to contact b…
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrite
nerve cell that transmits impulses
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
contains the nucleus of a neuron
receptive areas of the neuron; extensions of the nerve cell b…
Neuron
nerve cell that transmits impulses
Nerve Impulse
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
36 terms
Osteology Vocabulary - Anatomy and Physiology
skeleton
framework support (functions of skelet…
protection (functions of skeleton)
movement / muscle attachment (function…
greek meaning "dried up body"
supports and anchors all soft organs
protects soft body organs
muscles attach to strong bones to act as levers
skeleton
greek meaning "dried up body"
framework support (functions of skelet…
supports and anchors all soft organs
72 terms
Brain Vocabulary (Anatomy and Physiology)
1. Arachnoid mater
2. Archnoid villi
3. Association fibers
4. Basal nuclei
Middle layer... • Web-like extensions span the subarachnoid... spac…
reabsorb cerebrospinal fluid.
tracts that connect areas... within one hemisphere.
islands of gray matter.
1. Arachnoid mater
Middle layer... • Web-like extensions span the subarachnoid... spac…
2. Archnoid villi
reabsorb cerebrospinal fluid.
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Functions of Cerebrum
Functions of Frontal Lobe
Functions of Parietal Lobe
Functions of Occipital Lobe
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
processing sensory information regarding the location of part…
processing visual information
Functions of Cerebrum
largest part of brain- associated with higher brain function…
Functions of Frontal Lobe
involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective…
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Tissue Vocabulary
epithelium
apical surface
basement membrane
goblet cells
pertaining to a primary tissue that covers the body surface,…
an upper free surface exposed to the body exterior or the cav…
extracellular material consisting of a nasal lamina secreted…
individuals cells (unicellular glands) that produce mucus
epithelium
pertaining to a primary tissue that covers the body surface,…
apical surface
an upper free surface exposed to the body exterior or the cav…
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Brain Vocabulary
Arachnoid mater
Arachnoid villi
Association fibers
Basal nuclei
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
Tracts that connect areas within one hemisphere
Islands of grey matter... responsible for cognitive processing,…
Arachnoid mater
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Arachnoid villi
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Osteology
Diaphysis
Epiphyses
Metaphyses
The study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
The bone's shaft or body; the long, cylindrical, main portion…
The proximal and distal ends of the bone
The regions between the diaphysis and the epiphyses
Osteology
The study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders
Diaphysis
The bone's shaft or body; the long, cylindrical, main portion…
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Joint/articulation/arthrosis
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Fibrous joints
A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
The scientific study of joints
The study of motion of the human body
Bones are held together by dense irregular connective tissue…
Joint/articulation/arthrosis
A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
Arthrology
The scientific study of joints
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Integumentary system
Dermatology
Epidermis
Dermis
Composed of the skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails, and…
The medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treat…
The superficial, thinner portion of the skin, which is compos…
The deeper, thicker connective tissue portion of the skin
Integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails, and…
Dermatology
The medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treat…
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
receptor/sensor
study of body part structure
study of body part function
maintenance of a stable internal environment
monitors magnitude of a variable
anatomy
study of body part structure
physiology
study of body part function
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