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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology vocabulary"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology vocabulary"

44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Superior
Inferior
Anterior or Ventral
Posterior or Dorsal
closest to the head
closer to the feet
front surface
back surface
Superior
closest to the head
Inferior
closer to the feet
465 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Semester 1 Vocabulary
Femur
Head
Neck
Greater trochanter
Femur
Head
177 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 1
atrophy
hyperplasia
hypertrophy
metaplasia
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
abnormal increase in number of cells
increase in cell size
Mature cell type is replaced by a different mature cell type
atrophy
a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
hyperplasia
abnormal increase in number of cells
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
64 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal Cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
A standard reference position used for describing location an…
Science that studies the form and composition of the the body…
Abdominal Cavity
The largest hallow body cavity in humans and many animals, an…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Division of the anterior (ventral) cavity that houses the abd…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Endocrine
Respiratory
Muscular
Integument
main system that secretes regulating hormones
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
maintains posture, movement and generates most body heat. mov…
provides an outer covering of the body
Endocrine
main system that secretes regulating hormones
Respiratory
exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
reproduction
autoregulation
hypothalamus
pericardial
to produce again
self regulation
a specialized structure of the endocrine system that produces…
located around the heart
reproduction
to produce again
autoregulation
self regulation
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Abdominal
Acromial
Anatomical Position
Anatomy
pertaining to the abdomen
the outward end of the spine of the scapula or shoulder blade
The position with the body erect with the arms at the sides a…
the science dealing with the structure of animals and plants
Abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
Acromial
the outward end of the spine of the scapula or shoulder blade
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abdominal (Abdomen)
Acromion (Acromial)
Antebrachium (Antebrachial)
Antecubitis (Antecubital)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
A bony process on the scapula.
Forearm... The part of the arm between the wrist and the elbow.
front of elbow
Abdominal (Abdomen)
The abdomen (commonly called the belly) is the body space bet…
Acromion (Acromial)
A bony process on the scapula.
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles (Anatomy)
frontalis
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleidomastoid
frontalis
frontalis
156 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Scientific Method
Microscopic Anatomy
The study of stricture and form. 1.1
The study of function of the body parts. 1.1
Observation: hypothesis: test: conclusion. 1.1
Examines structures that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. H…
Anatomy
The study of stricture and form. 1.1
Physiology
The study of function of the body parts. 1.1
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure of the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Regional anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
aka: (macroscopic) - the study of large body structure visibl…
study of all the structures (muscles, bones, blood vessels, n…
Anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and their relations…
Physiology
Study of the Functions of the body, in other words, how body…
15 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Basics- Vocabulary II
Anterior (Ventral)
Posterior (Dorsal)
Superior
Inferior
Front of body
Back of body
Toward the head or upper part
Away from the head or upper part
Anterior (Ventral)
Front of body
Posterior (Dorsal)
Back of body
49 terms
Anatomy and physiology vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Negative Feedback
The science of the structure of living organisms.
The science of living organisms.
A state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of…
Feedback that causes the stimulus to decline or end.
Anatomy
The science of the structure of living organisms.
Physiology
The science of living organisms.
94 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
anatomy
physiology
form determines
metabolism
Study of structure
Study of function
function and vice versa
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
anatomy
Study of structure
physiology
Study of function
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
atoms
cells
the study of structure and shape of body parts
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules
smallest units of all living things
anatomy
the study of structure and shape of body parts
physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
31 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
cells
tissues
the science of the structure of living organisms
the science of the functioning of living organisms
the basic biological unit of living organisms, enclosed by a…
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 Vocabulary
tendons
insertion
origin
aponeuroses
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
pulled toward its less movable attachment
flattened sheetlike tendons
tendons
composed of dense fibrous connective tissue, binds muscle to…
insertion
more moveable bony attachment of the muscle
60 terms
Animal Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
Periosteum
Spongy Bone vs compact bone
cartilage
actin vs myosin vs myofibril
dense white fibrous covering around bone
spongy bone- layer of bone tissue having many small spaces, f…
strong connective tissue that is more flexible than bone
actin: A contractile protein that is part of the thin filamen…
Periosteum
dense white fibrous covering around bone
Spongy Bone vs compact bone
spongy bone- layer of bone tissue having many small spaces, f…
200 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Final Vocabulary
abduction
Accommodation
Acetylocholine
actin
moving a limb away (generally on the frontal plane) from the…
pupils constricting reflexively when we view close objects; p…
The specific neurotransmitter that stimulates skeletal muscle…
a contractile protein that makes up thin filaments
abduction
moving a limb away (generally on the frontal plane) from the…
Accommodation
pupils constricting reflexively when we view close objects; p…
147 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 2
Anatomic Position
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal Plane
Frontal Plane
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
Divides body in right and left parts.... Variations: midsagittal…
(coronal plate) is ... parallel to forehead. Divides body... into a…
Anatomic Position
Standing upright... Feet parallel and on the floor... Head level an…
Name the anatomic planes
Sagittal... Frontal ... Transverse
21 terms
Heart Vocabulary: Anatomy and Physiology
right atrium
right ventricle
left atrium
left ventricle
one of 4 areas of the heart: the top right portion
one of the 4 areas of the heart: the bottom right portion
one of the 4 areas of the heart: the top left portion
one of the 4 areas of the heart: the bottom left portion
right atrium
one of 4 areas of the heart: the top right portion
right ventricle
one of the 4 areas of the heart: the bottom right portion
14 terms
Anatomy and Physiology vocabulary
special sensory organs
cornea
external auditory meatus
internal ear
receptors that receive information about stimuli outside the…
transparent outer layer of the eye that covers the iris and p…
external (outer) ear
inner ear
special sensory organs
receptors that receive information about stimuli outside the…
cornea
transparent outer layer of the eye that covers the iris and p…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Muscle Vocabulary
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Obicularis oris
Masseter
Over the forehead
Medial aspect of orbit/eyelid = closes eye
lip muscles
chin muscles
Frontalis
Over the forehead
Orbicularis oculi
Medial aspect of orbit/eyelid = closes eye
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introductory Vocabulary
Abdominal
Abduction
Acromial
Adduction
Relating to the region of the belly; relating to the area con…
The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
Relating to the area of the shoulder(s), more specifically th…
The movement of a limb as close as possible to the midline of…
Abdominal
Relating to the region of the belly; relating to the area con…
Abduction
The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary
anatomy
physiology
homeostasis
receptor/sensor
study of body part structure
study of body part function
maintenance of a stable internal environment
monitors magnitude of a variable
anatomy
study of body part structure
physiology
study of body part function
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Spongy Bone and Compact Bone
Hinge Joint and Ball and Socket
Actin and Mysoin
Myofibril and Myofilament
They are both types of bones. Compact bones have a high densi…
Both are joints that are used for mobility, the ball and sock…
They are both used in the sliding filament hypothesis. Myosin…
Both are parts of the muscle cell. The myrofibril consists of…
Spongy Bone and Compact Bone
They are both types of bones. Compact bones have a high densi…
Hinge Joint and Ball and Socket
Both are joints that are used for mobility, the ball and sock…
142 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Vocabulary 3
Levels of Organization
(smallest unit of life, semiautonomous…
Cells
Epithelial Cells
Atoms --> Molecule --> Macromolecule (Proteins, Carbs, Lipids…
cell
Smallest unit of life
Specialized for the selective secretion and absorption of ion…
Levels of Organization
Atoms --> Molecule --> Macromolecule (Proteins, Carbs, Lipids…
(smallest unit of life, semiautonomous…
cell
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of how all parts of the body function
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
A statement of belief that explains the natural world
An educated guess
Anatomy
The study of how all parts of the body function
Physiology
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
148 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Abdominal cavity
Cardiovascular system
Cephalad
Coronal
second subdivision of the ventral cavity
blood circulatory system
toward the head
the bellyside
Abdominal cavity
second subdivision of the ventral cavity
Cardiovascular system
blood circulatory system
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Neuron
Nerve Impulse
Cell Body
Dendrite
nerve cell that transmits impulses
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
contains the nucleus of a neuron
receptive areas of the neuron; extensions of the nerve cell b…
Neuron
nerve cell that transmits impulses
Nerve Impulse
the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber
92 terms
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary (Tier Two)
absorption
organelle
organism
peritoneal
Refers to the passage of digestive products through the membr…
Complete specific activities within the cell; composed of mol…
Composed of organ systems
Pertaining to the peritoneum, a serous membrane that lines he…
absorption
Refers to the passage of digestive products through the membr…
organelle
Complete specific activities within the cell; composed of mol…
21 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Vocabulary
Axon
Dendrite
Myelin
Neurilemma
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
The fatty material that forms a sheath like covering around s…
Sheath formed by Schwann cells on the exterior of some axons.…
Axon
A large nerve fiber coming off the neuron. The part of the ne…
Dendrite
The small nerve fibers of the neuron. The part of a neuron th…
17 terms
Plant Physiology and Anatomy Vocabulary
Aperture
Stomatal Density
Diffuse
Transpiration
an opening or hole.
amount of small openings in a given area of low concentration.
any substance going through or spreading from an area of high…
passage of water out of a plant.
Aperture
an opening or hole.
Stomatal Density
amount of small openings in a given area of low concentration.
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cells
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
The building blocks of matter that combine to form molecules…
The smallest unit of living things.
Anatomy
The study of the structure and shape of the body and its part…
Physiology
The study of how the body and its parts work or function.
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Final: Bones!
clavicle
scapula
humerus
ulna
clavicle
scapula
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Rumination (Definition)
Pancreatic Juice (Definition)
Gastrin (Definition)
Jejunum (Definition)
The act of bringing food from a specialized stomach into the…
The clear, alkaline digestive fluid secreted by the pancreas.
A hormone that controls the excretion of gastric chemicals.
A component of the small intestine, and is located between th…
Rumination (Definition)
The act of bringing food from a specialized stomach into the…
Pancreatic Juice (Definition)
The clear, alkaline digestive fluid secreted by the pancreas.
10 terms
Anatomy and physiology vocabulary 3
Aniso-
Ankyl(o)/ancyl(o)-
Ante-
Anti-
Describing something as unequal
Denoting something as crooked or bent
Describing something as positioned in front of another thing
Describing something as against or opposed to another
Aniso-
Describing something as unequal
Ankyl(o)/ancyl(o)-
Denoting something as crooked or bent
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy, form, dissect, cut apart
physiology, function
branches of science
topics of anatomy
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
anatomy and physiology
gross or macroscopic anatomy, regional anatomy, systemic anat…
anatomy, form, dissect, cut apart
study of the structure of the body parts and their relationsh…
physiology, function
study of the functions of the body, in other words, how the b…
927 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
dissection
embryology
body structures and relationships
the science of body functions
the careful cutting apart of body structures to study their r…
study of the first eight weeks of development after the ferti…
anatomy
body structures and relationships
physiology
the science of body functions
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction Vocabulary
Adipose Tissue
Apocrine Secretion
Basement Membrane
Blood
Loose connective tissue composed of fat cells
Cell loses both cytoplasm and secretory product
Thin membrane separating columnar epithelial cells from under…
Fluid connective tissue consisting of red blood cells, white…
Adipose Tissue
Loose connective tissue composed of fat cells
Apocrine Secretion
Cell loses both cytoplasm and secretory product
424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
55 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Brain Vocabulary
Arachnoid mater
Arachnoid villi
Association fibers
Basal nuclei
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
Tracts that connect areas within one hemisphere
Islands of grey matter... responsible for cognitive processing,…
Arachnoid mater
middle layer of the meninges named for the spider-web-like tr…
Arachnoid villi
Outpocket of the arachnoid membrane into the dural sinuses th…
35 terms
Intro to Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anatomy
Physiology
atoms
cells
the science of the structure of living organisms
the science of the functioning of living organisms
the smallest part of an element; indivisible by ordinary chem…
the basic biological unit of living organisms, enclosed by a…
Anatomy
the science of the structure of living organisms
Physiology
the science of the functioning of living organisms
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Vocabulary Terms
Acetabul
Adip
Aer
Af
Vinegar cup; (acetabulum)
Fat
Air
To
Acetabul
Vinegar cup; (acetabulum)
Adip
Fat
Anatomy and Physiology Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
Upper part of body structure
Below
Toward or at the front of the body
Toward or at the backside
Superior
Upper part of body structure
Inferior
Below
39 terms
Basic Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
Anterior
Ventral
Posterior
Dorsal
Front side of the body
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
Back side of the body
Back of an animal, plant, or organ
Anterior
Front side of the body
Ventral
"Belly side" of a specimen that walks on all fours
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 2
Yellow bone marrow
Red bone marrow
Calcium
Osteoporosis
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
A mineral stored in your bones that helps to keep your heart…
A disease that results in weak bones with lots of tiny holes…
Yellow bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which lipids (fats) are stored
Red bone marrow
Kind of bone marrow in which blood cells are made
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