Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

63 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
1.)Frontal ... Supraorbital Foramen
Supraorbital Margin
Frontal Sinus
Glabella
1.)Frontal ... Supraorbital Foramen
Supraorbital Margin
51 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Skull Anatomy
Lamboidal Suture
Coronal Suture
Sagittal Suture
Squamous Suture
Which suture is this?
Which suture is this?
Which suture is this?
Which suture is this?
Lamboidal Suture
Which suture is this?
Coronal Suture
Which suture is this?
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
250 terms
anatomy and physiology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
muscule tissue
nervous tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
one of the 4 types: specialized for contraction
one of the 4 types: specialized for electrical signal conduct…
connective tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
epithelial tissue
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
Anatomy and physiology
cranial nerves
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Response to stress
Homeostasis in the absence of stress
cranial nerves
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Anatomy and Physiology
spinous process
superior/inferior articular process
transverse process of vertebrae
invertebral disc
spinous process
superior/inferior articular process
65 terms
Anatomy And Physiology
Homeostasis
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
hypertonic
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Meninges
Itis
Brain
Spinal cord-surrounded by bone
3 layers around the brain and spine contains spinal fluid
Inflammation of.....
Cranial Cavity
Brain
Spinal Cavity
Spinal cord-surrounded by bone
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Muscle Physiology
Sarcomere
A band
I band
M line
Contractile unit of muscle. Repeating units form striations.
The dark band of the sarcomere, containing the thick myosin f…
The light band of the sarcomere, containing the thin actin fi…
Middle of sarcomere. Holds thick filaments in place.
Sarcomere
Contractile unit of muscle. Repeating units form striations.
A band
The dark band of the sarcomere, containing the thick myosin f…
33 terms
anatomy and physiology
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
toward front or belly
toward back or spine
toward the ventral side
toward the dorsal side
ventral
toward front or belly
dorsal
toward back or spine
Anatomy and Physiology
body planes
transverse plane
superior
inferior
invisible lines that divide the body into sections
divides the body into top and bottom sections
body parts above the transverse plane
body parts below the transverse plane
body planes
invisible lines that divide the body into sections
transverse plane
divides the body into top and bottom sections
100 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Anterior
Development anatomy
Embryology
The study of body structure
Located towards the front of the body
Studies the structural changes that occur between conception…
The science of the development of embryos from fertilization…
Anatomy
The study of body structure
Anterior
Located towards the front of the body
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
pathology
chemicals that make up the human body
the study of body structure
the study of body function
the study of abnormal changes in the body structure or functi…
atoms and molecules
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
the study of body function
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
cadaver
movement
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
function of body parts (what they do and how)
dead human body
self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
anatomy
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
physiology
function of body parts (what they do and how)
61 terms
The practice of Anatomy and Physiology EOC
abdominal
acromial
analyze
anatomical position
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
point of shoulder
to carefully examine and review
face front/body erect/feet parallel/arms at side/palms forward
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone
Cartilage
Actin
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Thin filament of protein found in muscles
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Adductor Longus (Muscle of the Hip)
Adductor Magnus (Muscle of the Hip)
Gluteus Maximus (Muscle of the Hip)
Tensor fasciae latae (Muscle of the Hip)
(O) Pubis, iscium... (I) Gluteal tuberosity of femur... (A) Extends…
Adductor Longus (Muscle of the Hip)
Adductor Magnus (Muscle of the Hip)
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
What does the Principle of Complementa…
What are the 6 levels of Structural Or…
The study of the structures of body parts and how they relate…
The study of the function of body parts
¨Function is dependent on structure, and that form of a struc…
1. Chemical/ Molecular ... 2. Cell... 3. Tissue... 4. Organs... 5. Organ…
Anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and how they relate…
Physiology
The study of the function of body parts
Anatomy and Physiology
buccal
femoral
ventral body cavity
transverse section/cross section
face/cheek
thigh
contains all the structures within the chest and abdomen
cut made along a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ…
buccal
face/cheek
femoral
thigh
458 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20
blood ... heart... blood vessels
5 Liters per minute
cardiology
the apex of the heart rests on the dia…
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
the study of the normal heart and the diseases associated wit…
the ___________ of the heart rests on the _____________.
blood ... heart... blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
5 Liters per minute
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
50 terms
Tissues Histology Anatomy and Physiology
Histology
Tissues
What are 4 types of tissue
What are five general characteristic o…
the study of tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
1. Epithelial Tissue... 2. Connective Tissue... 3. Muscle Tissue... 4.…
1. tightly packed with little matrix... 2. all have one apical s…
Histology
the study of tissues
Tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
465 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
We can see through bones with magnetic…
Histology is the study of structures t…
Cells were first named by microscopist…
False
True
False
True
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
False
We can see through bones with magnetic…
True
Anatomy and Physiology
Radius styloid process
Radius radial tuberosity
Radius Ulnar Notch
Ulna olecranon process
Radius styloid process
Radius radial tuberosity
13 terms
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cells
Body systems
The study of the human body
Study of the functions and activities performed by the body s…
Basic unit of all living things
Groups of body organs acting together to perform specific fun…
Anatomy
The study of the human body
Physiology
Study of the functions and activities performed by the body s…
32 terms
Anatomy Physiology
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Thoracic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone & Compact Bone
Cartilage
Canaliculi
The fibrous sheath covering the outside of bones.
Spongy is lower density bone tissue in the ends of long bones…
Flexible connective tissue found in various forms throughout…
Small cracks in bones allowing for diffusion.
Periosteum
The fibrous sheath covering the outside of bones.
Spongy Bone & Compact Bone
Spongy is lower density bone tissue in the ends of long bones…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
Fast-acting control system of the body responds to internal a…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Muscular System
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Atlas
Axis
Hyoid
Clavicle
The very top
The second from the top
Sticks Out
Atlas
The very top
Axis
The second from the top
311 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
proprioceptor
sclera
cornea
tapetum
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
-the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris,…
-aids in low-light vision by amplifying light... -acts like a br…
proprioceptor
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
sclera
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
46 terms
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Disease
the study of the structure (Size, Shape, and color.)
The study of the body and its function
the study of disorder of functioning
a disorder or disruption of normal body functioning
Anatomy
the study of the structure (Size, Shape, and color.)
Physiology
The study of the body and its function
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
Areolar connective tissue
Blood
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior (ventral)
Top
back
bottom
front
Superior
Top
Posterior
back
6 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Define Physiology
Define Pathology
Define cytology
Define Histology
Study of function
Study of disease
study of cells
study of tissue
Define Physiology
Study of function
Define Pathology
Study of disease
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Level of orginization
Negative feedback
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Study of function
Atom, molecule,macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ,…
Primary type of homeostatic control. Opposes initial change.…
Anatomy
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Physiology
Study of function
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
Large/long nucleus ... Location: lining of the stomach, intestin…
Depth is present for multiple layers... Location: surface of ski…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
101 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Autorhythmic cells
T-Tubule
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
muscle cell plasma membrane
Specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum surrounding myofibri…
Autorhythmic cells
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
T-Tubule
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
78 terms
anatomy and physiology
red marrow vs yellow marrow
spongy bone vs compact bone
hinge joint vs fixed joint
flexor vs extensor
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits mo…
a muscle that bends a part of the body, such as an arm or a l…
red marrow vs yellow marrow
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
spongy bone vs compact bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Organization of living things
Epithelial Tissue
The study of the structures of the body
The study of the functions of the structures and their interc…
Molecules---> Organelles---> Cells---> Tissues---> Organ--->…
Line, cover, and protect structures
Anatomy
The study of the structures of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the structures and their interc…
111 terms
Unit 1: Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Digestive System Functions
Major Organs of the Digestive System
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
the study of the function of body parts.
receive, breakdown, and absorb food... eliminate unabsorbed mat…
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, st…
Anatomy
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
Physiology
the study of the function of body parts.
408 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical level
Cellular level
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
represents the atoms and molecules that make up cells (Consis…
represents the basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Physiology
the study of the function of the body
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Cell
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
The study of the form and structure of an organism
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
The outer protective covering of the cell
Located in the cytoplasm near the nucleus
Anatomy
The study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abductor:
Adductor:
Afferent nerves:... .
Anabolism:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Muscle that draws the fingers together
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord; determine the se…
Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones dur…
Abductor:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Adductor:
Muscle that draws the fingers together
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Muscular System
Bicep
Tricep
Pectorals
Abdominals
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
These muscles are located at the front of the chest.
These muscles are in the middle of the body below the pectora…
Bicep
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
Tricep
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
Purpose of valves
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
- Oxygen-poor blood... - Carries blood from tissues back to the…
To prevent back-flow (body has to fight gravity to get blood…
Arteries
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
Capillaries
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Anatomy and Physiology
Sternocleidomastoid
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
Deltoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
Origin: Ribs 1-8 (or 9) ... Insertion: Scapula ... Action: Rib elev…
Origin: Clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula ... Insertion: D…
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Pectoralis Major
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
37 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
Metacarpals
Metatarsals
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
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