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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Adductor Longus (Muscle of the Hip)
Adductor Magnus (Muscle of the Hip)
Gluteus Maximus (Muscle of the Hip)
Tensor fasciae latae (Muscle of the Hip)
(O) Pubis, iscium... (I) Gluteal tuberosity of femur... (A) Extends…
Adductor Longus (Muscle of the Hip)
Adductor Magnus (Muscle of the Hip)
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
What does the Principle of Complementa…
What are the 6 levels of Structural Or…
The study of the structures of body parts and how they relate…
The study of the function of body parts
¨Function is dependent on structure, and that form of a struc…
1. Chemical/ Molecular ... 2. Cell... 3. Tissue... 4. Organs... 5. Organ…
Anatomy
The study of the structures of body parts and how they relate…
Physiology
The study of the function of body parts
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
buccal
femoral
ventral body cavity
transverse section/cross section
face/cheek
thigh
contains all the structures within the chest and abdomen
cut made along a horizontal plane dividing the body or organ…
buccal
face/cheek
femoral
thigh
61 terms
The practice of Anatomy and Physiology EOC
abdominal
acromial
analyze
anatomical position
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
point of shoulder
to carefully examine and review
face front/body erect/feet parallel/arms at side/palms forward
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
227 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energetics
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
the reactions that build things
the reactions that break things down
the flow of energy from place to place and it changes from on…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
Anabolism
the reactions that build things
458 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20
blood ... heart... blood vessels
5 Liters per minute
cardiology
the apex of the heart rests on the dia…
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
the study of the normal heart and the diseases associated wit…
the ___________ of the heart rests on the _____________.
blood ... heart... blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
5 Liters per minute
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
33 terms
anatomy and physiology
ventral
dorsal
anterior
posterior
toward front or belly
toward back or spine
toward the ventral side
toward the dorsal side
ventral
toward front or belly
dorsal
toward back or spine
87 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
acetylcholine (ACh)
actin
action potential
aerobic respiration
neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger d…
protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
change in voltage of a cell membrane in response to a stimulu…
production of ATP in the presence of oxygen
acetylcholine (ACh)
neurotransmitter that binds at a motor end-plate to trigger d…
actin
protein that makes up most of the thin myofilaments in a sarc…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
Fast-acting control system of the body responds to internal a…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Muscular System
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Atlas
Axis
Hyoid
Clavicle
The very top
The second from the top
Sticks Out
Atlas
The very top
Axis
The second from the top
71 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone & Compact Bone
Cartilage
Canaliculi
The fibrous sheath covering the outside of bones.
Spongy is lower density bone tissue in the ends of long bones…
Flexible connective tissue found in various forms throughout…
Small cracks in bones allowing for diffusion.
Periosteum
The fibrous sheath covering the outside of bones.
Spongy Bone & Compact Bone
Spongy is lower density bone tissue in the ends of long bones…
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
functions of the bone
compact bone
spongy bone
osteocytes
support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
dense, smooth looking bone
bone composed of small, needlelike pieces; lots of space
mature bone cells
functions of the bone
support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
compact bone
dense, smooth looking bone
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
Areolar connective tissue
Blood
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Radius styloid process
Radius radial tuberosity
Radius Ulnar Notch
Ulna olecranon process
Radius styloid process
Radius radial tuberosity
35 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
ethmoid
frontal
lacrimal
mandible
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
bone that forms the forehead
small thin bones located at the front inner wall... of the orbit…
lower jawbone;largest and strongest bone on the face
ethmoid
light spongy bone between the eye sockets (2)
frontal
bone that forms the forehead
311 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
proprioceptor
sclera
cornea
tapetum
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
-the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris,…
-aids in low-light vision by amplifying light... -acts like a br…
proprioceptor
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
sclera
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
Large/long nucleus ... Location: lining of the stomach, intestin…
Depth is present for multiple layers... Location: surface of ski…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
250 terms
anatomy and physiology
connective tissue
epithelial tissue
muscule tissue
nervous tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
one of the 4 types: specialized for contraction
one of the 4 types: specialized for electrical signal conduct…
connective tissue
one of the 4 types: connects structures and fills gaps
epithelial tissue
one of the 4 types: covers or lines structures
164 terms
Anatomy And Physiology
What are the functions of the skeletal…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
What are the proximal and distal ends…
What are osteoblasts
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
Shaft
epiphyses
Bone cells:(bone-building cells that secrete matrix)
What are the functions of the skeletal…
support, protection, movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cel…
What is the diaphysis of a long bone a…
Shaft
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skelton
Epithelial Tissue
Stratified Epithelium
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
One side is exposed to a free surface, other side is usually…
Multiple layers... Functions: diffusion, secretion, and absorpt…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the main longitudinal axis of the body
Appendicular Skelton
Bones of the appendages and supporting girdles (pelvic, pecto…
101 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Autorhythmic cells
T-Tubule
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
muscle cell plasma membrane
Specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum surrounding myofibri…
Autorhythmic cells
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
T-Tubule
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior (ventral)
Top
back
bottom
front
Superior
Top
Posterior
back
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
Purpose of valves
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
- Oxygen-poor blood... - Carries blood from tissues back to the…
To prevent back-flow (body has to fight gravity to get blood…
Arteries
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
Capillaries
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
78 terms
anatomy and physiology
red marrow vs yellow marrow
spongy bone vs compact bone
hinge joint vs fixed joint
flexor vs extensor
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
Joint between bones (as at the elbow or knee) that permits mo…
a muscle that bends a part of the body, such as an arm or a l…
red marrow vs yellow marrow
thick, bloodlike material found in flat bones and the ends of…
spongy bone vs compact bone
Layer of bone tissue having many small spaces and found just…
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Level of orginization
Negative feedback
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Study of function
Atom, molecule,macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ,…
Primary type of homeostatic control. Opposes initial change.…
Anatomy
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Physiology
Study of function
408 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical level
Cellular level
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
represents the atoms and molecules that make up cells (Consis…
represents the basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Physiology
the study of the function of the body
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Sternocleidomastoid
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
Deltoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
Origin: Ribs 1-8 (or 9) ... Insertion: Scapula ... Action: Rib elev…
Origin: Clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula ... Insertion: D…
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Pectoralis Major
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
37 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
Metacarpals
Metatarsals
Phalanges (fingers)
Phalanges (toes)
100 terms
Anatomy and physiology
cranial nerves
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
Response to stress
Homeostasis in the absence of stress
cranial nerves
12 pairs. Mostly effect things in the head and neck
ANS consists of
Sympathetic Nervous System and Parasympathetic Nervous System
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Cell
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
The study of the form and structure of an organism
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
The outer protective covering of the cell
Located in the cytoplasm near the nucleus
Anatomy
The study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abductor:
Adductor:
Afferent nerves:... .
Anabolism:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Muscle that draws the fingers together
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord; determine the se…
Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones dur…
Abductor:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Adductor:
Muscle that draws the fingers together
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
146 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Ulnar
Fibula
Siactic
Triceps brachii
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
Piriformis syndrome affects which of the following nerves?
Which of the following muscles inserts into the olecranon pro…
Ulnar
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
Fibula
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
193 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
cadaver
movement
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
function of body parts (what they do and how)
dead human body
self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
anatomy
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
physiology
function of body parts (what they do and how)
17 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Muscles (Physiology)
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
trapezius
scapula
Action: elevation of eyebrows, creases skin of forehead, move…
Action: rotation of head so face turns to the opposite side,…
Action: elevation, rotation, retraction, and depression of sc…
aka the "shoulder blade", this bone connects the humerus (upp…
frontalis
Action: elevation of eyebrows, creases skin of forehead, move…
sternocleidomastoid
Action: rotation of head so face turns to the opposite side,…
10 terms
Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology II
Left Lumbar Region
Left Iliac Region
Left Hypochondriac Region
Right Hypochondriac Region
Left Lumbar Region
Left Iliac Region
84 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone
Cartilage
Actin
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Thin filament of protein found in muscles
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
172 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Apices
Bases
Bilaterally
Unilaterally
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bottom portion of a structure
Appearing on both sides of the midline (i.e. eyes and lungs)
Appearing on one side of the midline (i.e. paralysis, weakness)
Apices
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bases
Bottom portion of a structure
50 terms
Tissues Histology Anatomy and Physiology
Histology
Tissues
What are 4 types of tissue
What are five general characteristic o…
the study of tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
1. Epithelial Tissue... 2. Connective Tissue... 3. Muscle Tissue... 4.…
1. tightly packed with little matrix... 2. all have one apical s…
Histology
the study of tissues
Tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
32 terms
Anatomy Physiology
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Thoracic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
465 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
We can see through bones with magnetic…
Histology is the study of structures t…
Cells were first named by microscopist…
False
True
False
True
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
False
We can see through bones with magnetic…
True
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse
Frontal
Sagittal
Axial
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
The body portion that consists of the head, neck and torso is…
Transverse
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
Frontal
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cephalic
otic
occipital
abdominal
head
ear
back off head
gut
cephalic
head
otic
ear
18 terms
anatomy and physiology
Plasm
conjugated bilirubin
blood
albumin
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
is composed of plasm and formed element( red blood cells, whi…
are molecules that are too large to pass through the wall of…
Plasm
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
conjugated bilirubin
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
83 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Unit 5
Dura mater
Pia mater
Arachnoid mater
Epineurium
Outermost layer of the meninges, has two layers around the br…
Inner layer of meninges (#3 in image)
Middle layer of meninges (#4 in image)
A tough fibrous sheath that covers the whole nerve
Dura mater
Outermost layer of the meninges, has two layers around the br…
Pia mater
Inner layer of meninges (#3 in image)
36 terms
Generated Cell Physiology- Anatomy and Physiology
Cell Transport
Interstitial Solutions
Active vs Passive Transport
Diffusion
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
Active: ... - Solutes move from low to high concentration to the…
A passive transport of molecules
Cell Transport
- Solutions are composed from solvent (H20) and then solutes…
Interstitial Solutions
- Higher than intracellular concentration are hypertonic ... - L…
25 terms
Brain Anatomy and Physiology
Prefrontal cortex
Inferior colliculi
thalamus
Pre-central Gyrus
planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression,…
determines the location of sounds
Prefrontal cortex
planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression,…
Inferior colliculi
determines the location of sounds
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