Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy and physiology"

49 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
cadaver
movement
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
function of body parts (what they do and how)
dead human body
self initiated change in position, motion of internal parts
anatomy
structure of body parts (also called morphology)
physiology
function of body parts (what they do and how)
Muscles: Microscopic Anatomy and Physiology
Epimycium
Perimycium
Endomycium
Muscle fiber
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
Innermost membrane covering around individual muscle fibers.
Muscle cell
Epimycium
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Perimycium
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
13 terms
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cells
Body systems
The study of the human body
Study of the functions and activities performed by the body s…
Basic unit of all living things
Groups of body organs acting together to perform specific fun…
Anatomy
The study of the human body
Physiology
Study of the functions and activities performed by the body s…
Anatomy and Physiology
Periosteum
Spongy Bone
Cartilage
Actin
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and that…
Thin filament of protein found in muscles
Periosteum
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
Human Anatomy and Physiology Unit 1
Superior (cranial)
Inferior (caudal)
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Toward or at the back of the body; behind
Superior (cranial)
toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body;…
Inferior (caudal)
away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
Fast-acting control system of the body responds to internal a…
Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growt…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs provides a framework the mu…
Muscular System
Allows manipulation os the environment, locomotion, and facia…
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Atlas
Axis
Hyoid
Clavicle
The very top
The second from the top
Sticks Out
Atlas
The very top
Axis
The second from the top
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
Areolar connective tissue
Blood
Simple columnar epithelial tissue
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial t…
311 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
proprioceptor
sclera
cornea
tapetum
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
-the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris,…
-aids in low-light vision by amplifying light... -acts like a br…
proprioceptor
-sensors that provide information about joint angle, muscle l…
sclera
-"white" of the eye... -made of mostly collagen fibers
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology
the science of body structures and the relationships between…
the study of body functions and how the parts work together
cellular structures and functions (A)
development from birth to death (A)
Anatomy
the science of body structures and the relationships between…
Physiology
the study of body functions and how the parts work together
465 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
We can see through bones with magnetic…
Histology is the study of structures t…
Cells were first named by microscopist…
False
True
False
True
Feeling for swollen lymph nodes is an…
False
We can see through bones with magnetic…
True
474 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 21
hemodynamics
arteries
medium-sized, muscular arteries... small…
capillaries
study of the forces involved in circulating blood throughout…
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
large elastic arteries divide into ___________, which divide…
as arterioles branch into various tissues they become _______…
hemodynamics
study of the forces involved in circulating blood throughout…
arteries
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Anatomy and Physiology
Superior
Posterior
Inferior
Anterior (ventral)
Top
back
bottom
front
Superior
Top
Posterior
back
6 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Define Physiology
Define Pathology
Define cytology
Define Histology
Study of function
Study of disease
study of cells
study of tissue
Define Physiology
Study of function
Define Pathology
Study of disease
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Larynx
Cricoid
Thyroid
Corniculate
Comprised of three unpaired and three paired cartilages, A mu…
Inferior-most cartilage of the larynx, ring-like, higher in t…
Most massive of the laryngeal cartilages, when it rocks down…
The cartilage that articulates with the superior aspect of th…
Larynx
Comprised of three unpaired and three paired cartilages, A mu…
Cricoid
Inferior-most cartilage of the larynx, ring-like, higher in t…
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 4
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
4.) ( CLASSIFIED BY ARRANGEMENT OF CELLS
5.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) SIMPLE SQUAMOU…
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
A.) SIMPLE B.) STRATIFIED
A.) SINGLE LAYER OF SCALELIKE CELLS ... B.) TRANSPORT IS FUNCTI…
A. EPITHELIAL TISSUE
1.) COVERS BODY AND LINES BODY CAVITIES... 2.) CELLS PACKED CLOS…
3.) (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) CLASSIFIED BY…
A.) SQUAMOUS B.) CUBOIDAL C.) COLUMNAR ... D.) TRANSITIONAL
18 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
Large/long nucleus ... Location: lining of the stomach, intestin…
Depth is present for multiple layers... Location: surface of ski…
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Looks like floor tiles,... Location: lines blood vessel and hear…
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Looks like rings... Location: glands, ducts... Function: secretion,…
Anatomy and physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Level of orginization
Negative feedback
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Study of function
Atom, molecule,macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ,…
Primary type of homeostatic control. Opposes initial change.…
Anatomy
Study of structure... Gross: human body's, organs, systems. ... Mic…
Physiology
Study of function
101 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Autorhythmic cells
T-Tubule
Sarcolemma
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
muscle cell plasma membrane
Specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum surrounding myofibri…
Autorhythmic cells
create waves of depolarization that spread to contractile cel…
T-Tubule
invagination of sarcolemma. Conducts impulses into deeper reg…
408 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical level
Cellular level
the study of the structure of the body
the study of the function of the body
represents the atoms and molecules that make up cells (Consis…
represents the basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
the study of the structure of the body
Physiology
the study of the function of the body
42 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology
abdominal
acromial
antebrachial
antecubital
region between the thorax and pelvis
Highest point of the shoulder
Forearm
Anterior surface of elbow
abdominal
region between the thorax and pelvis
acromial
Highest point of the shoulder
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Cell
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
The study of the form and structure of an organism
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
The outer protective covering of the cell
Located in the cytoplasm near the nucleus
Anatomy
The study of the form and structure of an organism
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in all living things
34 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy
Physiology
6 levels of organization
6 most important processes of human body
Structure
Function
1. Chemical level... 2.Cellular level... 3. Tissue Level... 4. Organ L…
1. Metabolism... 2.Responsiveness... 3. Movement... 4. Growth... 5. Diffe…
Anatomy
Structure
Physiology
Function
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Organization of living things
Epithelial Tissue
The study of the structures of the body
The study of the functions of the structures and their interc…
Molecules---> Organelles---> Cells---> Tissues---> Organ--->…
Line, cover, and protect structures
Anatomy
The study of the structures of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the structures and their interc…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Abductor:
Adductor:
Afferent nerves:... .
Anabolism:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Muscle that draws the fingers together
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord; determine the se…
Process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones dur…
Abductor:
Muscle that separates the fingers
Adductor:
Muscle that draws the fingers together
105 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Arteries
Capillaries
Veins
Purpose of valves
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
- Oxygen-poor blood... - Carries blood from tissues back to the…
To prevent back-flow (body has to fight gravity to get blood…
Arteries
- Oxygen-rich blood... - Thickest walls, must contract to help b…
Capillaries
- Function is to bring nutrients and oxygen to the tissues... -…
Anatomy and Physiology
Sternocleidomastoid
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
Deltoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
Origin: Ribs 1-8 (or 9) ... Insertion: Scapula ... Action: Rib elev…
Origin: Clavicle, acromion and spine of scapula ... Insertion: D…
Sternocleidomastoid
Origin: Manubrium of the Sternum and clavicle... Insertion: mast…
Pectoralis Major
Origin: clavicle, sternum, & cartilage of ribs 1-6... Insertion:…
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
Vertebral Foramen
Odontoid Body (Dens)
Transverse Foramen
Transverse Process
17 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Muscles (Physiology)
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
trapezius
scapula
Action: elevation of eyebrows, creases skin of forehead, move…
Action: rotation of head so face turns to the opposite side,…
Action: elevation, rotation, retraction, and depression of sc…
aka the "shoulder blade", this bone connects the humerus (upp…
frontalis
Action: elevation of eyebrows, creases skin of forehead, move…
sternocleidomastoid
Action: rotation of head so face turns to the opposite side,…
Anatomy and Physiology
Disease and death often result form th…
Anatomy
Physiology
How does the anatomy of a muscle or bo…
Absence of normal body structure and functioning
Form and Structure of the body and its parts - What things lo…
Functions of the body and its parts - How things work and wha…
...
Disease and death often result form th…
Absence of normal body structure and functioning
Anatomy
Form and Structure of the body and its parts - What things lo…
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Cephalic
Facial
Frontal
Orbital
Pertaining to the head
Pertaining to the face
Pertaining to the forehead
Pertaining to the eye
Cephalic
Pertaining to the head
Facial
Pertaining to the face
146 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Ulnar
Fibula
Siactic
Triceps brachii
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
Piriformis syndrome affects which of the following nerves?
Which of the following muscles inserts into the olecranon pro…
Ulnar
What nerve is involved when a client experiences pain, numbne…
Fibula
The lateral malleolus is comprised of which of the following…
92 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
prime mover (agonist)
biceps brachii
antagonist
triceps brachii
muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
prime mover that flexes the elbow
muscle that opposses or reverses a prime mover
prime mover that extends the elbow
prime mover (agonist)
muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
biceps brachii
prime mover that flexes the elbow
61 terms
The practice of Anatomy and Physiology EOC
abdominal
acromial
analyze
anatomical position
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
point of shoulder
to carefully examine and review
face front/body erect/feet parallel/arms at side/palms forward
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to the ribs
acromial
point of shoulder
172 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Apices
Bases
Bilaterally
Unilaterally
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bottom portion of a structure
Appearing on both sides of the midline (i.e. eyes and lungs)
Appearing on one side of the midline (i.e. paralysis, weakness)
Apices
Tip or topmost portion of a structure (exception, heart, bott…
Bases
Bottom portion of a structure
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Muscles (Anatomy)
frontalis
frontalis
sternocleidomastoid
sternocleidomastoid
frontalis
frontalis
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Hypothesis
Theory
The study of how all parts of the body function
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
A statement of belief that explains the natural world
An educated guess
Anatomy
The study of how all parts of the body function
Physiology
The study of the human body, all its parts, and how it is put…
1,010 terms
Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Medical terminology
Gross anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
The use of prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and combining form…
Features that are visible without a microscope
Anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
458 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 20
blood ... heart... blood vessels
5 Liters per minute
cardiology
the apex of the heart rests on the dia…
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
the study of the normal heart and the diseases associated wit…
the ___________ of the heart rests on the _____________.
blood ... heart... blood vessels
what are the three parts of the cardiovascular system?
5 Liters per minute
How much blood does the heart pump per minute while you are a…
Anatomy and Physiology Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Ventral (anterior)
Dorsal (posterior)
Upper part of body structure
Below
Toward or at the front of the body
Toward or at the backside
Superior
Upper part of body structure
Inferior
Below
50 terms
Tissues Histology Anatomy and Physiology
Histology
Tissues
What are 4 types of tissue
What are five general characteristic o…
the study of tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
1. Epithelial Tissue... 2. Connective Tissue... 3. Muscle Tissue... 4.…
1. tightly packed with little matrix... 2. all have one apical s…
Histology
the study of tissues
Tissues
similar cells that are specialized to carry out a particular…
anatomy and physiology
Plasm
conjugated bilirubin
blood
albumin
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
is composed of plasm and formed element( red blood cells, whi…
are molecules that are too large to pass through the wall of…
Plasm
is clear,straw -colored liquid that makes up 55% of the blood.
conjugated bilirubin
the fraction of serum bilirubin which has been conjugated wit…
227 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Energetics
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
the reactions that build things
the reactions that break things down
the flow of energy from place to place and it changes from on…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in an organism
Anabolism
the reactions that build things
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
cells
tissues
organs
organ systems
basic unit of life
group of cells that perform the same function
group of tissues that work together to perform a single or se…
group of organs that perform closely related functions; inter…
cells
basic unit of life
tissues
group of cells that perform the same function
111 terms
Unit 1: Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Digestive System Functions
Major Organs of the Digestive System
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
the study of the function of body parts.
receive, breakdown, and absorb food... eliminate unabsorbed mat…
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, st…
Anatomy
the study of the structure (morphology, form) of body parts.
Physiology
the study of the function of body parts.
39 terms
Anatomy and Physiology
Transverse
Frontal
Sagittal
Axial
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
The body portion that consists of the head, neck and torso is…
Transverse
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
Frontal
A ____________ section cuts the body or any of its parts into…
101 terms
Unit 1 review - anatomy and physiology
anatomy
physiology
levels of organization in the body
integumentary system
The study of body structure
The study of body function
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
Forms external body covering and protects deeper tissue from…
anatomy
The study of body structure
physiology
The study of body function
Anatomy and Physiology
Physiology
Nerve
Liver
Movable and immovable
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
An organ that removes waste created by digestion
The two basic types of joints
Physiology
The study of the functions and activities performed by the bo…
Nerve
This type of tissue is composed of neurons
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Subdivisions of anatomy
physiology
Gross anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
the study of the function of the body's structural machinery
things you can see with your eyes
Anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and their relationsh…
Subdivisions of anatomy
1. gross or macroscopic... 2. microscopic... 3. developmental
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