Study sets matching "anatomy biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy biology"

142 terms
Biology - Anatomy
lungs
alveoli
bronchi
bronchiole
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
a branch of the trachea that carries air to the lungs; inside…
the final, smallest branches of the lung's air passages
lungs
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
alveoli
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
55 terms
muscle types
muscle fibers
skeletal muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
(skeletal muscle) fibers appear to be striped
(skeletal muscle) The type of muscle that is subject to consc…
muscle fibers
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
skeletal muscle fibers
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
18 terms
Bone Markings Vocab
tuberosity
crest
Trochanter
line
Large, rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (only on the fe…
narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
tuberosity
Large, rounded projection; may be roughened
crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Biology Human Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Proximal
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Lower on the body, farther from the head
Closer to the point of attachment
Anatomical Position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Superior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
106 terms
Biology; Anatomy
Anterior
Cranial
Posterier
Ventral
Toward the front (head of the rat)
Toward the head
Toward the back (tail of the rat)
Toward the bottom (stomach of the rat)
Anterior
Toward the front (head of the rat)
Cranial
Toward the head
Biology Anatomy
Epithelial Tissues
Squamous
Cuboidal
Columnar
Cover surfaces; absorption, protection, secretion
Long and thin
Cube Shaped
Tall and Slender
Epithelial Tissues
Cover surfaces; absorption, protection, secretion
Squamous
Long and thin
210 terms
Anatomy and Biology Lecture Notes
Anatomy
Physiology
Palpation
Auscultation and percussion
Form ... "What is it?"
Function... "What does it do?"
How does it feel? Heavy?
What does it sound like? What sounds does it make?
Anatomy
Form ... "What is it?"
Physiology
Function... "What does it do?"
20 terms
Biology - Human Anatomy - Muscles
Temporalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Pectoralis Major
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
The Orbicularis Oris controls the movement of your mouth and…
The bulk muscle in your chest... Remember: Like your pecs.
Temporalis
Involved with closing the mouth and chewing.... Remember: When…
Orbicularis Oculi
Muscle that closes your eyelids, and it arises from the nasal…
34 terms
biology anatomy
bones
carpals
clavicle
femur
...
The wrists.
The collar bone.
The bone of the thigh or upper hind limb.
bones
...
carpals
The wrists.
244 terms
BIOLOGY 301 - Human Anatomy
What is anatomy?
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Organizational Levels Of Living Organi…
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
regional and systemic
Histology
Moleculular --> Cellular--> Tissue-->Organs--> Systems --> Sy…
What is anatomy?
The study of structure of a living organism and it's componen…
Gross Anatomy
regional and systemic
58 terms
Biology Anatomy
scientific name for red blood cells
make protein hemoglobin- carry oxygen…
scientific name for white blood cells
make protein antibodies- fight disease
erythrocytes
red blood cell
leukocytes
white blood cell
scientific name for red blood cells
erythrocytes
make protein hemoglobin- carry oxygen…
red blood cell
Biology anatomy
Immune system
Muscular system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
System used to fight sicknesses
All the muscles in the body
Protects body from different things
Protects organs in the body
Immune system
System used to fight sicknesses
Muscular system
All the muscles in the body
29 terms
Ch 5 vocab
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
spine, bony thorax, skull
limbs, girdles
Joints, cartilages and ligaments
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
axial skeleton
spine, bony thorax, skull
appendicular skeleton
limbs, girdles
52 terms
Biology Anatomy
Kidney dialysis
Insulin Pump
Pacemaker
Structure
A way for people to filter blood when they have a faulty kidney
A pump that puts insulin into your body through a tube. This…
A device to regulate heart beats
Anatomy. How something in the body is made
Kidney dialysis
A way for people to filter blood when they have a faulty kidney
Insulin Pump
A pump that puts insulin into your body through a tube. This…
21 terms
Biology Anatomy
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
breaks food up
breaks down starch into smaller sugars
connects mouth to stomach
stores chewed food
Mouth
breaks food up
Salivary Glands
breaks down starch into smaller sugars
12 terms
Biology Anatomy
Earthworm/obtain matter
Earthworm/break down matter
Earth worm/transport matter
Earth warm/eliminate matter
Food: goes through mouth... Water: goes through with dirt... Oxygen…
Matter: pharynx, to crop, to gizzard, small intestines ... O2: i…
Matter: pharynx to crop to the gizzard to intestines ... O2 in s…
Pushed out anus (poop and liquid)... Oxygen goes throughout the…
Earthworm/obtain matter
Food: goes through mouth... Water: goes through with dirt... Oxygen…
Earthworm/break down matter
Matter: pharynx, to crop, to gizzard, small intestines ... O2: i…
84 terms
Anatomy- Biology
central dogma
codon
cell specialization
cell differentiation
DNA transcription RNA translation Protein
every 3 DNA nucleotides form it
cells take on specific jobs/roles
a cell that takes on a specific fate, changing from a general…
central dogma
DNA transcription RNA translation Protein
codon
every 3 DNA nucleotides form it
Biology-Anatomy
head, neck, trunk,diaphragm
neck
diaphragm
thorax, abdomen
4 body regions
allows head to turn
breathing muscle
2 parts of the diaphragm
head, neck, trunk,diaphragm
4 body regions
neck
allows head to turn
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Biology anatomy
Left
Right
Lateral
Medial
To the left of the body
To the right of the body
Toward the side; away from midsagittal plane
Toward the midsagittal plane; away from side
Left
To the left of the body
Right
To the right of the body
24 terms
AP Biology Anatomy Quiz
Advantages of exoskeletons over endosk…
What are some drawbacks of having an e…
Flat bones
Long bones
Protection
- Molten to grow... - Not as flexible as endoskeleton... - Alot of…
- Ribs, sternum, cranium... PROTECTION
- Humerus, phalanges, femur, etc... MOTION
Advantages of exoskeletons over endosk…
Protection
What are some drawbacks of having an e…
- Molten to grow... - Not as flexible as endoskeleton... - Alot of…
71 terms
Biology -- Anatomy
Flat Bone
Irregular bone
Sesamoid bone
Long bone
broad, flat, plate bones
Weird, bone that doesn't fit any other category
A bone embedded within a tendon or muscle
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Flat Bone
broad, flat, plate bones
Irregular bone
Weird, bone that doesn't fit any other category
16 terms
Biology Anatomy
What is the scientific name for a frog?
Which phylum is the frog in?
What does the heart do?
What phylum does the clam belong in?
Rana pipiens
Phylum Chordata
Pump blood
Phylum Molluska
What is the scientific name for a frog?
Rana pipiens
Which phylum is the frog in?
Phylum Chordata
Biology Human Anatomy Notes
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
Skull (24), Vertebrae (33), Ribs (24), Sternum (3).
flexible tissue that cushions your joints.
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
40 terms
Anatomy Biology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
towards the head
towards the feet
front
back
Superior
towards the head
Inferior
towards the feet
Anatomy Biology
What Is connective tissue ?
Examples of Connective tissue?
What is epithelial tissue ?
Examples of epithelial tissue?
Used to Support and Protect
Fat Tissues, Loose connective tissue, bone,blood,cartilage.
Covers the bodies surface for protection and absorption.
Skin, Digestive system, repository system
What Is connective tissue ?
Used to Support and Protect
Examples of Connective tissue?
Fat Tissues, Loose connective tissue, bone,blood,cartilage.
19 terms
biology-anatomy
vagina
cervix
uterus
endometrium
also known as the birth canal
the entrance to the uterus
can expand to hold a developing baby
lining of the uterus
vagina
also known as the birth canal
cervix
the entrance to the uterus
25 terms
Anatomy biology
Monosaccharides
Fatty acids glycerol
Lipids and amino acids
Nucleotides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Building blocks of fat
Building blocks of protein
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Monosaccharides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Fatty acids glycerol
Building blocks of fat
biology anatomy
cell
organ
ventral
dorsal
Molecule->___________
Tissue-> ___________
front side
back side
cell
Molecule->___________
organ
Tissue-> ___________
Biology Anatomy
Epiglotis
Diaphragm
Liver
Gall Bladder
Flap the open when breathing but closes during swallowing to…
Contractions expands the lungs during inspiration when breath…
Detoxification, metabolites, protein synthesis, production of…
Stores bile produced by liver
Epiglotis
Flap the open when breathing but closes during swallowing to…
Diaphragm
Contractions expands the lungs during inspiration when breath…
Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Intro
Anatomy
Physiology
Dissection
Anatomical Position
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
The study of body function
Cutting technique used to separate body parts for study
The reference position for the body, which gives meaning to d…
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
Physiology
The study of body function
6 terms
Biology Anatomy
Cuboidal
Simple
Columnar
Squamous
like dice
single cell layer
like bricks on end
like floor tiles
Cuboidal
like dice
Simple
single cell layer
49 terms
biology anatomy
skeletal muscle tisue
voluntary
striated
cardiac muscle tissue
◊ Attaches to the skeleton/bones... ◊ Cells are long fibers... ◊ Vo…
we consciously control it
} Means stripped } Has to do with appearance } Looks like it…
◊ The only place we find it is in the heart ◊ Cells are singl…
skeletal muscle tisue
◊ Attaches to the skeleton/bones... ◊ Cells are long fibers... ◊ Vo…
voluntary
we consciously control it
35 terms
biology anatomy
anus
aorta
bile duct
cerebrum
control the expulsion of feces
conducts blood to tissues
conveys bile to gall bladder
responsible for sensory, motor, emotional, and intellectual p…
anus
control the expulsion of feces
aorta
conducts blood to tissues
Biology Anatomy
gall bladder
heart
kidney
large intestine
where bile is stored after going go the liver
pumps blood
removed waste from the blood
filters nutrients toward the colon
gall bladder
where bile is stored after going go the liver
heart
pumps blood
52 terms
Biology Anatomy
Heart
Blood
Bone
Cartilage
Muscular organ of the circulatory system that pumps blood.
Liquid that pumps through your veins and arteries to transpor…
Hard material that makes up your skeletal system. Provides st…
Flexible bone like material used to provide support.
Heart
Muscular organ of the circulatory system that pumps blood.
Blood
Liquid that pumps through your veins and arteries to transpor…
55 terms
Biology Anatomy
Human behavior #1
Human behavior #2
human behavior #3
human behavior #4
inborn: reflexes
conditional: learn from repetition
intelligent: problem solving
spiritual: emotions
Human behavior #1
inborn: reflexes
Human behavior #2
conditional: learn from repetition
11 terms
Biology Anatomy
Seminiferous Tubules
Epididymus
Vas Deferens
Seminal Vesicles
800 feet long, Produces Sperm, Located in the Testicles
20 feet long, Small amount of Sperm Stored here, after Semini…
Connects epididymus to seminal vesicles and stores mature spe…
Provides Nutrients (Fructose) for the Sperm
Seminiferous Tubules
800 feet long, Produces Sperm, Located in the Testicles
Epididymus
20 feet long, Small amount of Sperm Stored here, after Semini…
Biology anatomy
Digestive system
Circulatory system
Endocrine system
Exocrine
Chemical process providing nutrients
Circulates blood arond body
Provides chemical communication
Skin... Hair... Nails
Digestive system
Chemical process providing nutrients
Circulatory system
Circulates blood arond body
150 terms
Biology Anatomy
what are the characteristics of animals
have a nucleus
more than one cell
animals have no __ ___
eukaryotic, multicellular; no cell walls; have specialized ce…
eukaryote
multicellular
cell walls
what are the characteristics of animals
eukaryotic, multicellular; no cell walls; have specialized ce…
have a nucleus
eukaryote
Biology - Anatomy
midline
proximal
distal
superior
a vertical line going through the center of the body
close to the midline
further away from the midline
towards the head
midline
a vertical line going through the center of the body
proximal
close to the midline
Biology anatomy
Immune system
Muscular system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
System used to fight sicknesses
All the muscles in the body
Protects body from different things
Protects organs in the body
Immune system
System used to fight sicknesses
Muscular system
All the muscles in the body
Biology anatomy
Immune system
Muscular system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
A system that protects the body from foreign substances
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
Body system which provides protection from external environment
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Immune system
A system that protects the body from foreign substances
Muscular system
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
Biology - Anatomy
epidermis
keratin
melanin
dermis
in humans and some other animals, the outermost protective la…
protein found in the exterior portion of the epidermis that h…
pigment found in the cells of the interior layer of the epide…
inner, thicker portion of the skin that contains structures s…
epidermis
in humans and some other animals, the outermost protective la…
keratin
protein found in the exterior portion of the epidermis that h…
39 terms
Biology anatomy
Hemoglobin
Periosteum
Osteoclasts
Osteoblasts
Iron containg pigment that allows red blood cells to carry ox…
Covers bone. Contains blood vessels that supply nutrients to…
Carries away bone tissue
Builds up bone tissue
Hemoglobin
Iron containg pigment that allows red blood cells to carry ox…
Periosteum
Covers bone. Contains blood vessels that supply nutrients to…
37 terms
Anatomy Biology
Where most digestion takes place
Most abundant carbohydrates digested
Digestion of carbohydrates
Coupled Transport
small intestine
starch (polysaccharide), Cellulose (polysaccharide), and glyc…
begins in mouth with amylase (salivary gland). Completed in s…
glucose binds to the came carrier as Na, when Na diffuses so…
Where most digestion takes place
small intestine
Most abundant carbohydrates digested
starch (polysaccharide), Cellulose (polysaccharide), and glyc…
28 terms
biology anatomy
Endocrine system
hormones
Glands
Pituitary glands
Regulates body functions, creates hormones
Chemical signals sent between cells for communication
Release hormones
The master gland in brain
Endocrine system
Regulates body functions, creates hormones
hormones
Chemical signals sent between cells for communication
52 terms
Biology Anatomy
Larynx
Thyroid gland
Thymus
Diaphragm
vocal cords; manipulates pitch and volume
secretes several hormones which influence metabolism, growth…
protects against autoimmunity and is responsible for the prod…
separates abdominal cavity and thoracic cavity; main organ in…
Larynx
vocal cords; manipulates pitch and volume
Thyroid gland
secretes several hormones which influence metabolism, growth…
Biology - Anatomy
epidermis
keratin
melanin
dermis
in humans and some other animals, the outermost protective la…
protein found in the exterior portion of the epidermis that h…
pigment found in the cells of the interior layer of the epide…
inner, thicker portion of the skin that contains structures s…
epidermis
in humans and some other animals, the outermost protective la…
keratin
protein found in the exterior portion of the epidermis that h…
49 terms
Biology & Anatomy
Plasma membrane structure
Cholesterol
Plasma membrane
Lipid soluble substance
Phopholipids,protiens, cholesterol, and sugars. Double layer.
Strengthen's membrane
Semipermeable
Move through lipid bilayer
Plasma membrane structure
Phopholipids,protiens, cholesterol, and sugars. Double layer.
Cholesterol
Strengthen's membrane
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