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Study sets matching "anatomy biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy biology"

142 terms
Biology - Anatomy
lungs
alveoli
bronchi
bronchiole
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
a branch of the trachea that carries air to the lungs; inside…
the final, smallest branches of the lung's air passages
lungs
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
alveoli
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
16 terms
Biology Anatomy
What is the scientific name for a frog?
Which phylum is the frog in?
What does the heart do?
What phylum does the clam belong in?
Rana pipiens
Phylum Chordata
Pump blood
Phylum Molluska
What is the scientific name for a frog?
Rana pipiens
Which phylum is the frog in?
Phylum Chordata
95 terms
Biology Anatomy
Epithelial Tissues
Squamous
Cuboidal
Columnar
Cover surfaces; absorption, protection, secretion
Long and thin
Cube Shaped
Tall and Slender
Epithelial Tissues
Cover surfaces; absorption, protection, secretion
Squamous
Long and thin
34 terms
biology anatomy
bones
carpals
clavicle
femur
...
The wrists.
The collar bone.
The bone of the thigh or upper hind limb.
bones
...
carpals
The wrists.
210 terms
Anatomy and Biology Lecture Notes
Anatomy
Physiology
Palpation
Auscultation and percussion
Form ... "What is it?"
Function... "What does it do?"
How does it feel? Heavy?
What does it sound like? What sounds does it make?
Anatomy
Form ... "What is it?"
Physiology
Function... "What does it do?"
24 terms
AP Biology Anatomy Quiz
Advantages of exoskeletons over endosk…
What are some drawbacks of having an e…
Flat bones
Long bones
Protection
- Molten to grow... - Not as flexible as endoskeleton... - Alot of…
- Ribs, sternum, cranium... PROTECTION
- Humerus, phalanges, femur, etc... MOTION
Advantages of exoskeletons over endosk…
Protection
What are some drawbacks of having an e…
- Molten to grow... - Not as flexible as endoskeleton... - Alot of…
55 terms
muscle types
muscle fibers
skeletal muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
(skeletal muscle) fibers appear to be striped
(skeletal muscle) The type of muscle that is subject to consc…
muscle fibers
skeletal and smooth muscle that is elingated
skeletal muscle fibers
packaged into the organs called skeletal muscles that attach…
40 terms
Anatomy Biology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
towards the head
towards the feet
front
back
Superior
towards the head
Inferior
towards the feet
106 terms
Biology; Anatomy
Anterior
Cranial
Posterier
Ventral
Toward the front (head of the rat)
Toward the head
Toward the back (tail of the rat)
Toward the bottom (stomach of the rat)
Anterior
Toward the front (head of the rat)
Cranial
Toward the head
121 terms
Biology Human Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Superior
Inferior
Proximal
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
Lower on the body, farther from the head
Closer to the point of attachment
Anatomical Position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands…
Superior
Higher on the body, nearer to the head
51 terms
Biology Anatomy
Endocrine
Nervous System
Step 1 (N.S.)
Step 2 (N.S.)
Gland System
Coordination & Communication between body systems
Respond to Stimulus
Process Info
Endocrine
Gland System
Nervous System
Coordination & Communication between body systems
41 terms
Biology anatomy
Immune system
Muscular system
Integumentary system
Skeletal system
System used to fight sicknesses
All the muscles in the body
Protects body from different things
Protects organs in the body
Immune system
System used to fight sicknesses
Muscular system
All the muscles in the body
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
55 terms
Biology-Anatomy
Ingestion
Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The act of taking food and drink into the body by the mought
Process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic act…
Most nutrients from food are absorbed through the walls of th…
The concentrated waste material that remains after most of th…
Ingestion
The act of taking food and drink into the body by the mought
Digestion
Process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic act…
20 terms
Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Intro
Anatomy
Physiology
Dissection
Anatomical Position
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
The study of body function
Cutting technique used to separate body parts for study
The reference position for the body, which gives meaning to d…
Anatomy
The study of structure of an organism and the relationship of…
Physiology
The study of body function
58 terms
Biology Anatomy
scientific name for red blood cells
make protein hemoglobin- carry oxygen…
scientific name for white blood cells
make protein antibodies- fight disease
erythrocytes
red blood cell
leukocytes
white blood cell
scientific name for red blood cells
erythrocytes
make protein hemoglobin- carry oxygen…
red blood cell
52 terms
Biology Anatomy
Kidney dialysis
Insulin Pump
Pacemaker
Structure
A way for people to filter blood when they have a faulty kidney
A pump that puts insulin into your body through a tube. This…
A device to regulate heart beats
Anatomy. How something in the body is made
Kidney dialysis
A way for people to filter blood when they have a faulty kidney
Insulin Pump
A pump that puts insulin into your body through a tube. This…
21 terms
Biology Anatomy
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Esophagus
Stomach
breaks food up
breaks down starch into smaller sugars
connects mouth to stomach
stores chewed food
Mouth
breaks food up
Salivary Glands
breaks down starch into smaller sugars
12 terms
Biology Anatomy
Earthworm/obtain matter
Earthworm/break down matter
Earth worm/transport matter
Earth warm/eliminate matter
Food: goes through mouth... Water: goes through with dirt... Oxygen…
Matter: pharynx, to crop, to gizzard, small intestines ... O2: i…
Matter: pharynx to crop to the gizzard to intestines ... O2 in s…
Pushed out anus (poop and liquid)... Oxygen goes throughout the…
Earthworm/obtain matter
Food: goes through mouth... Water: goes through with dirt... Oxygen…
Earthworm/break down matter
Matter: pharynx, to crop, to gizzard, small intestines ... O2: i…
84 terms
Anatomy- Biology
central dogma
codon
cell specialization
cell differentiation
DNA transcription RNA translation Protein
every 3 DNA nucleotides form it
cells take on specific jobs/roles
a cell that takes on a specific fate, changing from a general…
central dogma
DNA transcription RNA translation Protein
codon
every 3 DNA nucleotides form it
10 terms
Biology -- Anatomy of a fish
pectoral fin
operculum
spiny dorsal fin
pelvic fin
a fin located on the side of a fish body just behind the head…
A protective flap that covers the gills of fishes... Gill cover…
first fin on top of the fish... Stabilizing, Protection
aids in stabilizing the fish... fin on each side of fish near v…
pectoral fin
a fin located on the side of a fish body just behind the head…
operculum
A protective flap that covers the gills of fishes... Gill cover…
150 terms
Biology-Anatomy
head, neck, trunk,diaphragm
neck
diaphragm
thorax, abdomen
4 body regions
allows head to turn
breathing muscle
2 parts of the diaphragm
head, neck, trunk,diaphragm
4 body regions
neck
allows head to turn
15 terms
Cellular Anatomy: Biology 119
All organisms on the planet can be sub…
Prokaryotic Domains
Examples of Organisms that fall under…
Properties of Prokaryotes? (6)
Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya.
Bacteria and Archaea
protists (which lack specialized tissue), fungi, plants and a…
-smaller (alot smaller)... -simpler in organization (the parts a…
All organisms on the planet can be sub…
Bacteria, Archaea and Eukarya.
Prokaryotic Domains
Bacteria and Archaea
19 terms
biology-anatomy
vagina
cervix
uterus
endometrium
also known as the birth canal
the entrance to the uterus
can expand to hold a developing baby
lining of the uterus
vagina
also known as the birth canal
cervix
the entrance to the uterus
18 terms
Bone Markings Vocab
tuberosity
crest
Trochanter
line
Large, rounded projection; may be roughened
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process (only on the fe…
narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
tuberosity
Large, rounded projection; may be roughened
crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
25 terms
Anatomy Biology
What Is connective tissue ?
Examples of Connective tissue?
What is epithelial tissue ?
Examples of epithelial tissue?
Used to Support and Protect
Fat Tissues, Loose connective tissue, bone,blood,cartilage.
Covers the bodies surface for protection and absorption.
Skin, Digestive system, repository system
What Is connective tissue ?
Used to Support and Protect
Examples of Connective tissue?
Fat Tissues, Loose connective tissue, bone,blood,cartilage.
36 terms
Biology Human Anatomy Notes
Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cartilage
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
Skull (24), Vertebrae (33), Ribs (24), Sternum (3).
flexible tissue that cushions your joints.
Skeletal System
Includes bones and connective tissues holding bones together.…
Appendicular Skeleton
Legs, Arms, Feet, and hands. Pelvic and pectoral girdles.
20 terms
Biology anatomy
Left
Right
Lateral
Medial
To the left of the body
To the right of the body
Toward the side; away from midsagittal plane
Toward the midsagittal plane; away from side
Left
To the left of the body
Right
To the right of the body
71 terms
Biology -- Anatomy
Flat Bone
Irregular bone
Sesamoid bone
Long bone
broad, flat, plate bones
Weird, bone that doesn't fit any other category
A bone embedded within a tendon or muscle
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Flat Bone
broad, flat, plate bones
Irregular bone
Weird, bone that doesn't fit any other category
50 terms
Anatomy: Accelerated Biology
anatomy
physiology
CSI MURDER LN
levels of organizations
The study of the structure of an organism
the sciecne which examines the function of a part of the body
Circulatory, skeletal, integumentary, muscular, unwary, respi…
cell-tissue-organ-organ system-complex organ
anatomy
The study of the structure of an organism
physiology
the sciecne which examines the function of a part of the body
76 terms
Anatomy-Biology
name the eight necessary life functions
name the five survival needs
what is homeostasis?
what does positive feedback do?
maintain boundaries, movement, responsiveness, digestion, met…
nutrients, oxygen, water, stable body temperature and atmosph…
the maintenance of a stable internal environment even though…
increases original stimuli
name the eight necessary life functions
maintain boundaries, movement, responsiveness, digestion, met…
name the five survival needs
nutrients, oxygen, water, stable body temperature and atmosph…
24 terms
Biology - Rat anatomy
anterior
posterior
vibrassae
dorsal
toward the head
toward the tail
long thin hairs used for sensory - whiskers
the backside of the rat
anterior
toward the head
posterior
toward the tail
36 terms
biology anatomy
cell
organ
ventral
dorsal
Molecule->___________
Tissue-> ___________
front side
back side
cell
Molecule->___________
organ
Tissue-> ___________
67 terms
Biology Unit 4: Anatomy
Three types of carbohydrates
Three salivary glands
Parotid Gland
Sublingual gland
Monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
Parotid gland, sublingual gland and submandibular gland
-side of mouth, above jaw... -contributes enzymes to saliva (25%)
-below tongue... -releases mucin into saliva (5%)
Three types of carbohydrates
Monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides
Three salivary glands
Parotid gland, sublingual gland and submandibular gland
Biology anatomy
Digestive system
Circulatory system
Endocrine system
Exocrine
Chemical process providing nutrients
Circulates blood arond body
Provides chemical communication
Skin... Hair... Nails
Digestive system
Chemical process providing nutrients
Circulatory system
Circulates blood arond body
47 terms
Biology - Anatomy
lungs
alveoli
bronchi
bronchiole
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
a branch of the trachea that carries air to the lungs; inside…
the final, smallest branches of the lung's air passages
lungs
two organs that pass oxygen into every red blood cell carried…
alveoli
tiny air sacs found inside the lungs through which oxygen ent…
28 terms
Biology Anatomy
Atria
Ventricles
Nasal Cavity
Pharynx
the two upper chambers of the heart that receive blood., The…
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out…
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cra…
throat; passageway for food traveling to the esophagus and fo…
Atria
the two upper chambers of the heart that receive blood., The…
Ventricles
the two lower chambers of the heart, and they pump blood out…
13 terms
Biology Anatomy
Myo and Mys
Sacro
Functions of the muscles
3 types of muscles
Muscle
Flesh
1. Produce movement ... 2. Maintain posture and body position ... 3…
skeletal- voluntary ... cardiac- involuntary... smooth- involuntary
Myo and Mys
Muscle
Sacro
Flesh
74 terms
Biology anatomy ****
Anatomy
Physiology
Cells
Tissues
Study if organisms stucture
How parts work
Organizational hierarchy in the body 1
Organizational hierarchy in the body 2
Anatomy
Study if organisms stucture
Physiology
How parts work
25 terms
Anatomy biology
Monosaccharides
Fatty acids glycerol
Lipids and amino acids
Nucleotides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Building blocks of fat
Building blocks of protein
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Monosaccharides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Fatty acids glycerol
Building blocks of fat
60 terms
Biology: Anatomy
Digestive System Function
Digestive System Organs
Circulatory System Function
Circulatory System Organs
To break down food into molecules the body can use for energy
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine,…
Carries oxygen, nutrients and wastes throughout the body
Heart, Veins, Arteries, Capillaries
Digestive System Function
To break down food into molecules the body can use for energy
Digestive System Organs
Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine,…
35 terms
biology anatomy
anus
aorta
bile duct
cerebrum
control the expulsion of feces
conducts blood to tissues
conveys bile to gall bladder
responsible for sensory, motor, emotional, and intellectual p…
anus
control the expulsion of feces
aorta
conducts blood to tissues
27 terms
biology anatomy
urogenital opening
umbilical cord
anterior
dorsal
where waste is expelled to the environment outside of the bod…
a flexible cable, pip, or other line carrying essential servi…
"the veins anterior to the heart"
relating to the upper side or back of an animal, plant, or or…
urogenital opening
where waste is expelled to the environment outside of the bod…
umbilical cord
a flexible cable, pip, or other line carrying essential servi…
52 terms
Biology Anatomy
Heart
Blood
Bone
Cartilage
Muscular organ of the circulatory system that pumps blood.
Liquid that pumps through your veins and arteries to transpor…
Hard material that makes up your skeletal system. Provides st…
Flexible bone like material used to provide support.
Heart
Muscular organ of the circulatory system that pumps blood.
Blood
Liquid that pumps through your veins and arteries to transpor…
150 terms
Biology Anatomy
what are the characteristics of animals
have a nucleus
more than one cell
animals have no __ ___
eukaryotic, multicellular; no cell walls; have specialized ce…
eukaryote
multicellular
cell walls
what are the characteristics of animals
eukaryotic, multicellular; no cell walls; have specialized ce…
have a nucleus
eukaryote
55 terms
Biology Anatomy
Human behavior #1
Human behavior #2
human behavior #3
human behavior #4
inborn: reflexes
conditional: learn from repetition
intelligent: problem solving
spiritual: emotions
Human behavior #1
inborn: reflexes
Human behavior #2
conditional: learn from repetition
49 terms
biology anatomy
skeletal muscle tisue
voluntary
striated
cardiac muscle tissue
◊ Attaches to the skeleton/bones... ◊ Cells are long fibers... ◊ Vo…
we consciously control it
} Means stripped } Has to do with appearance } Looks like it…
◊ The only place we find it is in the heart ◊ Cells are singl…
skeletal muscle tisue
◊ Attaches to the skeleton/bones... ◊ Cells are long fibers... ◊ Vo…
voluntary
we consciously control it
42 terms
Biology (Anatomy)
Skeletal System: Respiratory System
Skeletal System: Circulatory System
Skeletal System: Urinary System
Skeletal System: Nervous System
- Provides oxygen so bones can go and do work... - Removes carbo…
- Moves oxygen and glucose around the body around the body so…
- Cleans the blood of waste products produced by the skeletal…
- In the brain-cerebrum controls movement and cerebellum cont…
Skeletal System: Respiratory System
- Provides oxygen so bones can go and do work... - Removes carbo…
Skeletal System: Circulatory System
- Moves oxygen and glucose around the body around the body so…
11 terms
Biology Anatomy
Seminiferous Tubules
Epididymus
Vas Deferens
Seminal Vesicles
800 feet long, Produces Sperm, Located in the Testicles
20 feet long, Small amount of Sperm Stored here, after Semini…
Connects epididymus to seminal vesicles and stores mature spe…
Provides Nutrients (Fructose) for the Sperm
Seminiferous Tubules
800 feet long, Produces Sperm, Located in the Testicles
Epididymus
20 feet long, Small amount of Sperm Stored here, after Semini…
55 terms
Biology - Anatomy
midline
proximal
distal
superior
a vertical line going through the center of the body
close to the midline
further away from the midline
towards the head
midline
a vertical line going through the center of the body
proximal
close to the midline
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