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Study sets matching "anatomy block"

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Study sets matching "anatomy block"

253 terms
Anatomy Block 1
What is a stress fx of the L5 laminae…
What injuries are likely 2/2 whiplash?
Name one typical characteristic of the…
Name one typical characteristic of the…
Spondylolysis
ALL (hyperextension) and PLL rupture (hyperflexion)
articulating facets are straight up, transverse foramen
Facets face out, semi and demi facets
What is a stress fx of the L5 laminae…
Spondylolysis
What injuries are likely 2/2 whiplash?
ALL (hyperextension) and PLL rupture (hyperflexion)
183 terms
Anatomy Block II
Borders of the thorax, superior & infe…
Mediastinum contents
The apex of the lung extends to
Thorax function
Superior thoracic aperture-narrow opening, allows continuity…
heart, esophagus, trachea, major nerves, major blood vessels.
past the level of T1
breathing... conduit... protection for organs
Borders of the thorax, superior & infe…
Superior thoracic aperture-narrow opening, allows continuity…
Mediastinum contents
heart, esophagus, trachea, major nerves, major blood vessels.
118 terms
BRS Anatomy Block 1
A 22-year-old man presented to his fam…
On the basis of the examination at her…
A 46-year-old male patient with high b…
A 16-year-old patient received a stab…
The answer is B. The fascia is a fibrous sheet or band that c…
The answer is D. Smooth muscles in the gastrointestinal tract…
The answer is C. Pulmonary veins return oxygenated blood to t…
The answer is B. The axons of the neurons carry impulses away…
A 22-year-old man presented to his fam…
The answer is B. The fascia is a fibrous sheet or band that c…
On the basis of the examination at her…
The answer is D. Smooth muscles in the gastrointestinal tract…
125 terms
BRS Anatomy Block 3
A 63-year-old man comes to the emergen…
A 36-year-old woman with yellow pigmen…
A 2-year-old boy presents with pain in…
A 29-year-old man comes to a local hos…
The answer is C. The aortic hiatus of the diaphragm transmits…
The answer is D. Because the bile duct traverses the head of…
The answer is B. The deep inguinal ring lies in the transvers…
The answer is C. Cell bodies of the abdominal pain fibers are…
A 63-year-old man comes to the emergen…
The answer is C. The aortic hiatus of the diaphragm transmits…
A 36-year-old woman with yellow pigmen…
The answer is D. Because the bile duct traverses the head of…
78 terms
Anatomy Block I--Back
Michaelis' rhomboid
Describe the vertebral column of an in…
What happens to adult cervical and lum…
Describe the sacral and thoracic verte…
section of a female's lower back that indicated pelvis width.
C-shaped; primary kyphosis... imagine the fetal position
they become lordotic
they are kyphotic
Michaelis' rhomboid
section of a female's lower back that indicated pelvis width.
Describe the vertebral column of an in…
C-shaped; primary kyphosis... imagine the fetal position
77 terms
BRS Anatomy Block 4
A 38-year-old man has had thyroid surg…
A 27-year-old woman with a goiter come…
A 19-year-old woman complains of numbn…
During surgery on a 56-year-old man fo…
The answer is C. The external laryngeal nerve innervates the…
The answer is B. The internal laryngeal nerve accompanies the…
The answer is D. The glossopharyngeal nerve supplies sensory…
The answer is D. The surgeon should ligate the costocervical…
A 38-year-old man has had thyroid surg…
The answer is C. The external laryngeal nerve innervates the…
A 27-year-old woman with a goiter come…
The answer is B. The internal laryngeal nerve accompanies the…
122 terms
BRS Anatomy Block 2
A 27-year-old patient exhibits a loss…
A patient with a deep knife wound in t…
A patient is unable to prevent anterio…
A 41-year-old man was involved in a fi…
The Answer is B. The common peroneal nerve divides into the d…
The Answer is C. The superior gluteal nerve innervates the gl…
The Answer is D. The posterior cruciate ligament is important…
The answer is D. The femoral nerve innervates the quadratus f…
A 27-year-old patient exhibits a loss…
The Answer is B. The common peroneal nerve divides into the d…
A patient with a deep knife wound in t…
The Answer is C. The superior gluteal nerve innervates the gl…
101 terms
Anatomy Practical Block 2
Suprasternal (jugular) notch
clavicles
Sternal Angle
Xiphoid process
_____________ leads to rib 2.
Suprasternal (jugular) notch
clavicles
89 terms
Anatomy Block 2
2
11-12
5
7
How many pairs of floating ribs exist in the skeletal system?
Numbering of the floating rib pairs
How many false rib pairs exist in the skeletal system?
How many true rib pairs exist in the skeletal system?
2
How many pairs of floating ribs exist in the skeletal system?
11-12
Numbering of the floating rib pairs
256 terms
Anatomy: block 4: hip
sacrospinous ligament
fovea for ligament of head
greater trochanter
intertrochanteric line
The greater and lesser sciatic notches are made into foramen by
sacrospinous ligament
The greater and lesser sciatic notches are made into foramen by
fovea for ligament of head
450 terms
GRDA Block 2 Gross Anatomy
what is the pterion?
what is the lambda?
what is the bregma?
what is the vertex?
junction of the greater wing of the sphenoid, squamous tempor…
point on calvaria at junction of lambdoid & sagittal sutures
point on calvaria at junction of coronal & sagittal sutures
superior point of neurocranium, in the middle w/ the cranium…
what is the pterion?
junction of the greater wing of the sphenoid, squamous tempor…
what is the lambda?
point on calvaria at junction of lambdoid & sagittal sutures
360 terms
Block 1 Anatomy
Trapezius
Trapezius Originates
Trapezius Insertion
Trapezius Innervation
Descending part - occipital bone and spinal processes of C1-C…
Descending part - lateral 1/3 of clavicle ... Transverse Part -…
Accessory Nerve 11 ... (Cranial Nerve)
Trapezius
Trapezius Originates
Descending part - occipital bone and spinal processes of C1-C…
253 terms
Anatomy Renal Block
pudendal block
ASIS and PSIS are in a
greater sciatic notch
obturator foramen formed by
sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligament
horizontal plane
into greater sciatic foramen
parts of ... ischial tuberosity... and.......... .......... *linea termi…
pudendal block
sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligament
ASIS and PSIS are in a
horizontal plane
53 terms
Block 2 Anatomy Terms
Q (in regards to heart)
Relationship between Q, Pressure gradi…
Primary Pacemaker of Heart and normal…
Secondary Pacemaker of Heart and norma…
Cardiac Output = Flow Rate... Q=HR x SV... Normal ~5 L/min
dP=Q x R
Sinoatrial Node (~70 BPM)
Atrioventricular Node (~50BPM)
Q (in regards to heart)
Cardiac Output = Flow Rate... Q=HR x SV... Normal ~5 L/min
Relationship between Q, Pressure gradi…
dP=Q x R
200 terms
Anatomy Block 1
4 bones of the shoulder
Most anterior bone of the shoulder
What is the upper extremity's only att…
Function of Clavicle
1. clavicle... 2. sternum... 3. scapula... 4. humerus
Clavicle
Clavicle
Rigid attachment site for muscles and holds the GHJ away from…
4 bones of the shoulder
1. clavicle... 2. sternum... 3. scapula... 4. humerus
Most anterior bone of the shoulder
Clavicle
146 terms
Anatomy MSK Block
true ribs
false ribs
typical rib
tubercle articular facet attaches to
costal cartilages of 1-7... own costal cartilage to sternum... dir…
attach by costal cartilage... or floating... 8-10 attach to rib 7…
ribs 3-10... head ... TWO facets (w/ vertebrae)... neck... tubercle ( al…
transverse process of same number rib
true ribs
costal cartilages of 1-7... own costal cartilage to sternum... dir…
false ribs
attach by costal cartilage... or floating... 8-10 attach to rib 7…
Block 1 Anatomy
Follow the path that peripheral nerves…
Outline the portions of the brachial p…
Explain the anatomical and functional…
Demonstrate the major bony landmarks o…
Afferent: carry sensory information from PNS to CNS. Come fir…
The BP is a system of nerves that innervate the UL and pector…
A dermatome is an area of skin that is innervated by one spin…
Site of attachment for 17 muscles. It connects the UL to the…
Follow the path that peripheral nerves…
Afferent: carry sensory information from PNS to CNS. Come fir…
Outline the portions of the brachial p…
The BP is a system of nerves that innervate the UL and pector…
251 terms
Anatomy Block 1
rostral plane
6 integumentary system functions
5 layers of epidermis bottom to top
myofasciae function
nearer the anterior part of the head
protection, containment, preventing dehydration, heat regulat…
stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum…
loose stronger connective tissue containing fat covering all…
rostral plane
nearer the anterior part of the head
6 integumentary system functions
protection, containment, preventing dehydration, heat regulat…
168 terms
Anatomy-Block 1
Examples of fibrous joints
Describe Primary cartilaginous joints…
Secondary cartilaginous joint
Describe synovial joint structure
1. sutures in skull... 2. syndesmosis connecting tibia/fibula an…
-aka. synchondrosis... -2 bones are connected by hyaline cartila…
-bones united by fibrocartilage... -articulating surfaces are co…
-2 bones are separated by joint cavity containing synovial fl…
Examples of fibrous joints
1. sutures in skull... 2. syndesmosis connecting tibia/fibula an…
Describe Primary cartilaginous joints…
-aka. synchondrosis... -2 bones are connected by hyaline cartila…
228 terms
Anatomy Structure Block III
Diaphragm
Intercostal Muscle
mediastinal surface
Cranial Neural crest
Domed muscular... attaches to the Xiphisternum, the coastal marg…
External intercostals run downward and forward- pulling ribs…
On both sides, the bronchus is posters and pulmonary veins ar…
Generate skeletal tissue of face
Diaphragm
Domed muscular... attaches to the Xiphisternum, the coastal marg…
Intercostal Muscle
External intercostals run downward and forward- pulling ribs…
58 terms
Anatomy Cardio 1 Block
Fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
pericardial effusion
transverse sinus
outer DCT... fixed... connects to sternum and diaphragm
parietal layer... visceral (epicardium fused to surface of heart…
excessive fluid (pericardial cavity)... inflammatory process... co…
surrounds aorta and... pulmonary trunk
Fibrous pericardium
outer DCT... fixed... connects to sternum and diaphragm
serous pericardium
parietal layer... visceral (epicardium fused to surface of heart…
29 terms
Anatomy Block 3 special
Tibialis posterior actions
Dorsiflexion muscles
tibialis anterior... extensor hallicus lo…
fibulas longus/brevis
plantar flex/invert
muscles of the anterior compartment: Extensor digitorum longu…
trash
evert
Tibialis posterior actions
plantar flex/invert
Dorsiflexion muscles
muscles of the anterior compartment: Extensor digitorum longu…
126 terms
Anatomy: block 3- lungs
The vagus nerve runs _______ to the hi…
The phrenic nerve runs ________ to the…
Parietal wall is separated from the th…
What is between the two pleural layers…
posterior
anterior
endothoracic fascia and it is forms a natural cleavage plane…
Serous pleural fluid and it provides cohesion that allows the…
The vagus nerve runs _______ to the hi…
posterior
The phrenic nerve runs ________ to the…
anterior
23 terms
Anatomy Block 4 Radiographs
Pes cavus
Pes Planus
Subtalar (talocalcaneal) amputation
Syme/Pyrogoff amputation
Pes cavus
Pes Planus
81 terms
Anatomy Block 2
Cranial Nerves
Cranial Nerve 1
Cranial Nerve 2
Cranial Nerve 3
12 cranial nerves that emerge from the cranium... Provide Sensor…
Olfactory Nerve relays odorant information from the olfactory…
Optic Nerve... Light energy to rods and cones, bipolar and gangl…
Occulomtor Nerve... Innervates 4 of the 6 eye muscles for moveme…
Cranial Nerves
12 cranial nerves that emerge from the cranium... Provide Sensor…
Cranial Nerve 1
Olfactory Nerve relays odorant information from the olfactory…
99 terms
Block 4 Anatomy Images
Coccygeus Muscle
Levator Ani Muscles
Pyriformis Muscle
Obturator Internus Muscle
Coccygeus Muscle
Levator Ani Muscles
311 terms
Block II Anatomy
Quadrants of gluteal region
lines for quadrants
dorsogluteal injection or G (geomtric…
ventrogluteal injection or V method
upper outer quadrant (UOQ) or superolateral quadrant... upper in…
vertical: passes through highest point of ilium and ishial tu…
UOQ... area used for IM injection (intragluteal injection)
alt and safest site for intragluteal injection... over area of…
Quadrants of gluteal region
upper outer quadrant (UOQ) or superolateral quadrant... upper in…
lines for quadrants
vertical: passes through highest point of ilium and ishial tu…
144 terms
Block 2 Respiratory Anatomy
Sternocleidomastoid
Scalenes
Pectoralis Minor
External Intercostals
1
2
4
3
Sternocleidomastoid
1
Scalenes
2
108 terms
Block 1 Anatomy
Functions of nervous system
CNS
PNS
Sensory PNS
Sensation, Integration (processing of sensory info), Action
Brain and Spinal Cord, integration (cognition)
Cranial and Spinal nerves which carry action potentials from…
Sensory neurons transmit APs from receptors to CNS. AFFERENT…
Functions of nervous system
Sensation, Integration (processing of sensory info), Action
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord, integration (cognition)
475 terms
Block 4 Anatomy - Dissector
Gluteal fold
Intergluteal Cleft
Posterior Superior Iliac Spine
Iliac Crest
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Gluteal fold
Surface Anatomy
Intergluteal Cleft
Surface Anatomy
451 terms
Block 4 Anatomy - Dissector
Gluteal fold
Intergluteal Cleft
Posterior Superior Iliac Spine
Iliac Crest
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Gluteal fold
Surface Anatomy
Intergluteal Cleft
Surface Anatomy
70 terms
Block 4 Anatomy -- Bones
Hip Bone
Divisions of the Hip bone
Greater Sciatic Notch of the Hip Bone
Lesser Sciatic Notch of the Hip Bone
- Ilium ... - Pubis ... - Ischium
Hip Bone
Divisions of the Hip bone
- Ilium ... - Pubis ... - Ischium
53 terms
Block 3 Anatomy
opening at the top (superior) of the t…
opening at the bottom (inferior) of th…
3 compartments of thoracic cavity
contents of mediastinum
superior thoracic aperture
inferior thoracic aperture
1. left pleural (pulmonary) cavity... 2. right pleural (pulmonar…
heart... great vessels... thoracic portion of trachea... thoracic port…
opening at the top (superior) of the t…
superior thoracic aperture
opening at the bottom (inferior) of th…
inferior thoracic aperture
222 terms
Anatomy Block I
Vertebral column segements
vertebral components
contents of vertebral canal
blood vessels of vertebral canal
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 4 coccygeal
vertebral foramen, body, arches, canal
spinal cord and its meninges ... spinal nerve roots... blood vessels
spinal arteries and viens, internal vertebral venous plexus
Vertebral column segements
7 cervical... 12 thoracic... 5 lumbar... 5 sacral... 4 coccygeal
vertebral components
vertebral foramen, body, arches, canal
145 terms
Block 2 Respiratory Anatomy
10x Respiratory Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Scalenes
Pectoralis Minor
Sternocleidomastoid, Scalenes, Pectoralis Minor, Externalinte…
1
2
4
10x Respiratory Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid, Scalenes, Pectoralis Minor, Externalinte…
Sternocleidomastoid
1
135 terms
Block 2 Respiratory Anatomy
External Nares
Nasal Cavity
Superior, middle and inferior nasal co…
Nasopharynx
D
I
H,B,C
A
External Nares
D
Nasal Cavity
I
168 terms
Anatomy I, Block 1
Cytology
Histology
Four principal kinds of tissues
Organ
The study of cells
The study of tissues which are layers or groups of similar ce…
- Epithelial... - Connective... - Muscular... -Nervous
An aggregate of two or more tissue types that performs a spec…
Cytology
The study of cells
Histology
The study of tissues which are layers or groups of similar ce…
162 terms
Block 3 Anatomy Images
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
External Oblique Muscle
Internal Oblique Muscle
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Inferior Mesenteric Artery
246 terms
Block 2 Anatomy
head of the rib
Neck of the rib
Tubercle of the rib
The costal groove of the rib
articulates with the vertebrae
Boney protrusion near the neck
a groove along the inferior margin of the superior rib that a…
head of the rib
articulates with the vertebrae
Neck of the rib
426 terms
Anatomy Function Block III
Describe relative pressures/effects on…
________ __________ - the volume of ai…
Which is better ventilation at the bas…
Why is there more ventilation at the b…
Apex: more negative intrapleural, greater transmural, larger/…
alveolar ventilation
ventilation is better in the base
Pressure is less at the apex, compared to the base, due to gr…
Describe relative pressures/effects on…
Apex: more negative intrapleural, greater transmural, larger/…
________ __________ - the volume of ai…
alveolar ventilation
259 terms
Anatomy Block 6
choanae
Floor of the Nasal cavity
Roof of nasal cavity
Parts of the ethmoid
separated the nasal cavity from the nasopharynx... (internal nar…
Supieror surface of the hard palate... (Palatine process of Maxi…
frontal and nasal bones... (frontal sinus)... horizontal (ethmoid)…
Central:cribiform plate... lateral: ethmoid air cells... vertical…
choanae
separated the nasal cavity from the nasopharynx... (internal nar…
Floor of the Nasal cavity
Supieror surface of the hard palate... (Palatine process of Maxi…
126 terms
Block 2 Respiratory Anatomy
External Nares
Nasal Cavity
Nasal Chonchae
Nasopharynx
D
I
H,B,C
A
External Nares
D
Nasal Cavity
I
126 terms
Anatomy block 5
Optic canal
Superior orbital fissure
Foramen Rotundum
Foramen ovale
CN 2 (optic)... Open into orbit
CN 3,4,6 & 5(1). Ophthalmic artery and vein... Btw lesser and gr…
CN 5(2) ( maxillary)... Into ptergopalatine fossa
CN 5(3) (mandibular)... Accessory meningeal artery... Lesser petros…
Optic canal
CN 2 (optic)... Open into orbit
Superior orbital fissure
CN 3,4,6 & 5(1). Ophthalmic artery and vein... Btw lesser and gr…
299 terms
Anatomy - Block 3
Zygomatic Arch
Mandibular Angle
Mental Protuberance
Infraorbital Margin
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Zygomatic Arch
Surface Anatomy
Mandibular Angle
Surface Anatomy
6 terms
Block 1 Anatomy 1
Lateral Decubitus Position
Lithotomy position
Trendelenburg Position
Reverse Trendelenburg Position
Lateral Decubitus Position
Lithotomy position
280 terms
Anatomy Block 1
Frontal bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Zygomatic bone
Frontal bone
Mandible
88 terms
Anatomy for block 3
Polythelia
polymastia
Gynecomastia
inverted nipple
accessory nipples and most common at the axillary region
remainder of the mammary line develops into complete breast
A development of mammary gland in males which associates with…
This condition lactiferous ducts open into the original epith…
Polythelia
accessory nipples and most common at the axillary region
polymastia
remainder of the mammary line develops into complete breast
82 terms
Anatomy Block 2
In the pre tracheal space fluid may sp…
Retropharyngeal space fluid may spread…
Platysma muscle does what
Anterior pre vertebral muscles have wh…
into anterior mediastinum
Laterally, causing swelling posterior to SCM muscles, or to p…
releases pressure of superficial veins, depresses mandible, m…
flexion of the head
In the pre tracheal space fluid may sp…
into anterior mediastinum
Retropharyngeal space fluid may spread…
Laterally, causing swelling posterior to SCM muscles, or to p…
143 terms
Anatomy GI Block
Transumbilical line is between
Nine region pattern of abdomen
Superficial fascia of abdomen layers
Dartos fascia in male
L3 and L4
-Sub costal ( rib 10)... -inferior horizontal (tubercles)... -2 ver…
Camper fascia (fatty)... Scarpa's fascia (membranous)... (C over S)
superficial + deep layer of superficial fascia... (skinned or f…
Transumbilical line is between
L3 and L4
Nine region pattern of abdomen
-Sub costal ( rib 10)... -inferior horizontal (tubercles)... -2 ver…
256 terms
Anatomy block 4: leg
calcaneus
fibular trochlea
cuboid
groove for fibulas longus
calcaneus
fibular trochlea
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