Study sets matching "anatomy bones tissues cells"

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Study sets matching "anatomy bones tissues cells"

5 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Cells of Bone Tissue
Cells of Bone Tissue
Osteogenic Cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
1) Osteogenic Cells... 2) Osteoblasts... 3) Osteocytes... 4) Bone Lini…
AKA Osteoprogenitor Cells... Mitotically active stem cells foun…
Bone-forming cells that secrete bone matrix which includes co…
Spidery, mature bone cells that occupy spaces (lacunae) that…
Cells of Bone Tissue
1) Osteogenic Cells... 2) Osteoblasts... 3) Osteocytes... 4) Bone Lini…
Osteogenic Cells
AKA Osteoprogenitor Cells... Mitotically active stem cells foun…
203 terms
Anatomy 243: Cells, Tissues, Bones Exam
Endocytosis
Phagocytosis
Pinocytosis
Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
Formation of Vesicles for movement of materials INTO the cell…
"Cell Eating". Pseudopods form and through Ameboid motion flo…
"Cell Drinking". Fluid phase. Plasma membrane folds inward, E…
Specific molecules. Many have clathrin-coated pits, which are…
Endocytosis
Formation of Vesicles for movement of materials INTO the cell…
Phagocytosis
"Cell Eating". Pseudopods form and through Ameboid motion flo…
15 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Bone Tissues and Cells Vocab
Spongy Bone
Compact Bone
Osteon
Perforating Canal
Made up of trabeculae, found in epiphysis of long bones, light
Very few spaces, external layer of bones, diaphysis
The basic unit of compact Bone
Transverse canal, Carries blood vessels from periosteum
Spongy Bone
Made up of trabeculae, found in epiphysis of long bones, light
Compact Bone
Very few spaces, external layer of bones, diaphysis
11 terms
Chapter 6: Microscope Anatomy of Bone-Cells of Bone Tissue
osteogenic cells aka osteoprogenitor c…
osteoblasts
osteoid
collagen
mitotically active stem cells in the periosteum and endosteum…
Mitotically active. Matrix-synthesizing cell responsible for…
unmineralized bone
90% of bone protein
osteogenic cells aka osteoprogenitor c…
mitotically active stem cells in the periosteum and endosteum…
osteoblasts
Mitotically active. Matrix-synthesizing cell responsible for…
53 terms
Anatomy - Identifying Tissues and Bones
adipose
bone
blood
skeletal muscle
adipose
bone
85 terms
Anatomy: Bones & Bone Tissue
bone tissue/osseous tissue
bone marrow
Functions of the skeletal system
Protection
dense regular and irregular collagenous connective tissue
type of tissue in bone tissue
1. protection... 2. mineral storage and acid based homeostasis... 3…
Skeleton protects vital organs such as the brain
bone tissue/osseous tissue
dense regular and irregular collagenous connective tissue
bone marrow
type of tissue in bone tissue
22 terms
Anatomy Ch 2: Bone Tissue, Sections, and Cells
Compact Bone
Spongey Bone
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Very solid, heavy bone (found in the diaphysis)
Helps absorb forces from several directions (found at the epi…
Ends of a bone; spongey bone
Found between the epiphysis and the metaphysis
Compact Bone
Very solid, heavy bone (found in the diaphysis)
Spongey Bone
Helps absorb forces from several directions (found at the epi…
11 terms
Anatomy Ch. 2 bone cells and tissue
Hydroxyapatite crystals
Collagen fibers
4 types of cells found within bone tis…
Osteogenic cells
Give bones their hardness and strength,
Give bones flexibility
Osteoblasts ... Osteocytes... Osteogenic cells... Osteoclasts
Develop into osteoblasts ... -found in deep layers of the perios…
Hydroxyapatite crystals
Give bones their hardness and strength,
Collagen fibers
Give bones flexibility
90 terms
Anatomy Exam 1 (intro/cell, tissues, skin, bone tissue)
levels of structural organization
metabolism
responsiveness
movement
1. chemical (atoms/molecules)... 2. cellular (cells = basic unit…
sum of all chem processes... 1. catabolism - breaking down, prov…
ability to detect/ respond to changes in environments (excita…
motion of whole body/organs/tissues/cells/organells
levels of structural organization
1. chemical (atoms/molecules)... 2. cellular (cells = basic unit…
metabolism
sum of all chem processes... 1. catabolism - breaking down, prov…
39 terms
Anatomy: Connective Tissues and Bones
Bone classifications
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Diaphysis
1. long bones... 2. Flat bones... 3. Irregular bones
(External feature) Growth plate of bones
(External feature) Area that epiphysis joins shaft
(External feature) Shaft
Bone classifications
1. long bones... 2. Flat bones... 3. Irregular bones
Epiphysis
(External feature) Growth plate of bones
7 terms
A & P Ch. 6: Microscopic Anatomy of Bone: Cells of Bone Tissue
Cells of Bone Tissue
Five major cell types
Osteogenic Cells
Osteoblasts
Five major cell types... Each specialized form of same basic ce…
Osteogenic cells... Osteoblasts... Osteocytes... Bone lining cells…
Also called osteoprogenitor cells:... - Mitotically active ste…
Bone-forming cells:... Secrete unmineralized bone matrix or ost…
Cells of Bone Tissue
Five major cell types... Each specialized form of same basic ce…
Five major cell types
Osteogenic cells... Osteoblasts... Osteocytes... Bone lining cells…
13 terms
Chapter.6 :Microscopic Anatomy of Bone. Cells of bone tissue
Osteogenic cells
Osteogenic cells
Osteoblasts
Osteoblasts
-Mitotically active stem cells in periostium and endosteum.
When stimulated, they differentiate into osteoblasts or bone…
- Bone forming cells that secrete unmineralized bone matrix c…
Are actively mitotic.
Osteogenic cells
-Mitotically active stem cells in periostium and endosteum.
Osteogenic cells
When stimulated, they differentiate into osteoblasts or bone…
22 terms
Anatomy - Bones and Bone tissue
Bones
Bone structure
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Classified as organs because they contain different types of…
Epiphysis... Diaphysis... Spongy bone... Compact bone... Medullary cavity…
End of bone which contains red marrow. The joint surface is c…
Shaft with medullary cavity containing yellow marrow
Bones
Classified as organs because they contain different types of…
Bone structure
Epiphysis... Diaphysis... Spongy bone... Compact bone... Medullary cavity…
89 terms
Anatomy, Cells & Tissues
Epithelial tissue (cells)
epithelial tissue (def)
simple squamous cells
Stratified squamous cells
Squamous cells... Columnar cells... Cuboid cells... (what type of tiss…
lines the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the…
one cell thick, very thin, permeable... found in protected regio…
in layers, flat, scale-like, surface cells are shed and repla…
Epithelial tissue (cells)
Squamous cells... Columnar cells... Cuboid cells... (what type of tiss…
epithelial tissue (def)
lines the cavities and surfaces of structures throughout the…
110 terms
Bones and Skeletal Tissue Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
costal cartilage
laryngeal cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
covers ends of bones at joints
connects the ribs- cartilage
skeletal of the larynx- cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
articular cartilage
covers ends of bones at joints
Anatomy Bones and Bone Tissue
5 types of tissue that makes up a bone?
6 Functions of bones?
4 Classifications of bones and examples?
Epiphysis
Osseous Tissue, nervous, blood, epithelia and cartilage.
Support, movement(levers for muscles), protection, mineral st…
Long bones (humorous), short bones (wrists and ankles), flat…
Ends of long bones.
5 types of tissue that makes up a bone?
Osseous Tissue, nervous, blood, epithelia and cartilage.
6 Functions of bones?
Support, movement(levers for muscles), protection, mineral st…
Anatomy- Bones & Skeletal Tissues
What are three types of skeletal carti…
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
What type of cartilage is surrounded b…
What cartilage is the most abundant in…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
What are three types of skeletal carti…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
Skeletal cartilage
53 terms
Anatomy- Cells and Tissues Review
Cell
Phosphates and Lipids
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
What is the smallest functional unit of life
What does the cell membrane consist of?
What spreads out to allow passage of H2O out of a cell
What is loosely attached to the outer part of the cell to all…
Cell
What is the smallest functional unit of life
Phosphates and Lipids
What does the cell membrane consist of?
17 terms
Anatomy of bone and bone tissue
diaphysis
proximal epiphysis
distal epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
proximal epiphysis
27 terms
ANATOMY BONES & SKELETAL TISSUES
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
Longer than they are wide (Humerus)
Cube-Shaped bones of the wrist and ankle. bones that form wit…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
55 terms
A&P lab practical 1, tissues, bone and cell anatomy
areolar connective tissue
dense regular connective tissue
adipose tissue
hyaline cartilage
areolar connective tissue
dense regular connective tissue
Chapter 6 Anatomy-Bone tissue- Bone cells and the matrix
Osteogenic cells
Osteoblasts
Osteocyte
Osteoclasts
Bone Stem cells; found in the endosteum and within the centra…
Bone forming cells; secretes fibers and salts (the matrix) ne…
Former osteoblasts that became trapped in the matrix they mak…
Developed from WBC's; large and multinucleated; Resorb the bo…
Osteogenic cells
Bone Stem cells; found in the endosteum and within the centra…
Osteoblasts
Bone forming cells; secretes fibers and salts (the matrix) ne…
270 terms
Anatomy - Identifying Tissues and Bones
adipose
compact bone
blood
skeletal muscle
adipose
compact bone
Bone Tissue (Cells of bone tissue)
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
Two most common minerals in bone
Synthesize collagen of matrix
Osteoblasts trapped in matrix they form. Connected by gap jun…
In bone marrow and fold membrane for more bone marrow
Hydroxyapatite and calcium carbonate
Osteoblasts
Synthesize collagen of matrix
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts trapped in matrix they form. Connected by gap jun…
57 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
avascular
chondrocytes
properties of skeletal cartilages
perichondrium
no blood vessels
cartilage cells
avascular, consists primarily of water, resilient, surrounded…
a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue that surrounds…
avascular
no blood vessels
chondrocytes
cartilage cells
110 terms
Bones and Skeletal Tissue Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
costal cartilage
laryngeal cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
covers ends of bones at joints
connects the ribs- cartilage
skeletal of the larynx- cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
articular cartilage
covers ends of bones at joints
intro to anatomy/bones, bone tissue
the mediastinum contains what
the thoracic cavity is composed of what
the dorsal cavity contains what
the ventral cavity contains what
pericardial sack/cavity
pleural and mediastinum
cranial and vertebral (spinal)
thoracic and abdominopelvic
the mediastinum contains what
pericardial sack/cavity
the thoracic cavity is composed of what
pleural and mediastinum
28 terms
cells and tissues, and bones
the name of cellular division
what happens to DNA during mitosis?
four types of tissues
organelle that digests materials to be…
mitosis
DNA replicates
epithelial, connective, muscle, and nerve
lysosome
the name of cellular division
mitosis
what happens to DNA during mitosis?
DNA replicates
16 terms
Anatomy - Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Cartilage
Bones
Functions of Bones
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
Organs that contain several types of tissues ; dominated by b…
Support (provides hard framework)... Movement (skeletal muscles…
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Cartilage
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology bones and skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Dense irregular connective tissue membrane covering cartilage.
1. Provides support, flexibility and resilience.... 2. It is the…
3 types of cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Bone cells and bone tissue
Osteogenic cell
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Osteocyte
Stem cell
Matrix synthesising cell responsible for bone growth
Bone resorbing cell
Mature bone cell that maintains the bone matrix
Osteogenic cell
Stem cell
Osteoblast
Matrix synthesising cell responsible for bone growth
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Bone Tissue
Osseous Tissue
Skeletal
Mesoderm
Hematopoiesis
Another name for bone... Description: Osteocytes found in lacuna…
The ______ system:... -supports body... -protects soft tissues... -act…
The skeletal system develops from the ______ embryonic germ l…
Blood cell formation from red marrow in bone
Osseous Tissue
Another name for bone... Description: Osteocytes found in lacuna…
Skeletal
The ______ system:... -supports body... -protects soft tissues... -act…
59 terms
Anatomy (Bones and Skeletal Tissue)
Articular cartilage
where is cartilage located?
Costal Cartilage
Types of cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
connecting the ribs to the sternum
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Articular cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
where is cartilage located?
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
76 terms
Anatomy Cells and Tissues Test
diffusion
simple diffusion
osmosis
facilitated diffusion
-molecules mix randomly, solutes spread through the solvent... -…
-diffusion across plasma or cell membrane (either this, or ch…
-diffusion of water across cell membrane... -diffuse from high w…
-carrier proteins transport molecules too large to fit throug…
diffusion
-molecules mix randomly, solutes spread through the solvent... -…
simple diffusion
-diffusion across plasma or cell membrane (either this, or ch…
117 terms
anatomy- bones and skeletal tissues
skeletal cartilage
cartilage
Perichondrium
perichondrium
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage
acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the carti…
skeletal cartilage
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
cartilage
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
Anatomy and Physiology: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
5 Functions of Bones
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
nutrient foramen
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
-ends of long bone... -epiphyseal plate(growth plate made of car…
in the epiphysis, it's the site of blood entry into the bone
5 Functions of Bones
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
Diaphysis
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
161 terms
MASSIVE Anatomy Midterm Study Set (cells, tissues, skin, skeletal tissues, and bones)
What is diabetes? (Causes and symptons)
What is type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Urinary tract infection (causes and sy…
Person has high blood glucose, either bevause insulin product…
Body does not produce insulin
Body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or…
Infection involving kidneys, urethane, and bladder. Caused by…
What is diabetes? (Causes and symptons)
Person has high blood glucose, either bevause insulin product…
What is type 1 diabetes
Body does not produce insulin
59 terms
anatomy bones & skeletal tissues
functions of skeleton
flat bones
short bones
irregular bones
support, protect, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis
broad and thin with flattened surface (parallel and often cur…
cube/box-shaped; made of compact bone over spongy bone
clustered in groups; various sizes
functions of skeleton
support, protect, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis
flat bones
broad and thin with flattened surface (parallel and often cur…
Anatomy Bones and tissues
4 Main classes of tissue
Where is epithelial tissue typically f…
Simple Squamous
Simple Columnar
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular and Nervous tissue
This tissue is always found on anatomical surfaces. External…
A single layer of flattened cells attached to a basal lamina.…
consists of a single layer of tall, columnar cells. It is ada…
4 Main classes of tissue
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular and Nervous tissue
Where is epithelial tissue typically f…
This tissue is always found on anatomical surfaces. External…
67 terms
Human Anatomy - General Bones and Tissues
External ear, Nose, The ends of bones…
Hyaline Cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
Where is Cartilage located throughout the body?
glassy - rib cartilage
most flexible cartilage
strength, most rigid cartilage
External ear, Nose, The ends of bones…
Where is Cartilage located throughout the body?
Hyaline Cartilage
glassy - rib cartilage
42 terms
Anatomy of Cell & Tissues
epithelial tissue
simple squamous epithelial
simple cubodial
simple columnar epithelial
covers and lines the body, forms glands
found in skin and blood vessels
found in ducts and passageway in the kidneys
epithelial tissue
covers and lines the body, forms glands
simple squamous epithelial
found in skin and blood vessels
43 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Ossification
When does bone formation begin?
Two types of ossification
Which cartilage does endochondral use?
Bone tissue formation
2 months
Intramembranous and endochondral
Hyaline
Ossification
Bone tissue formation
When does bone formation begin?
2 months
64 terms
Anatomy Tissues and Bones
Transverse cut results in
Coronal/Frontal cut results in
Sagittal cut results in
Cells make up
top and bottom (cut at belly button)
front and back ( cut so palms forward and booty back)
left and right
tissues
Transverse cut results in
top and bottom (cut at belly button)
Coronal/Frontal cut results in
front and back ( cut so palms forward and booty back)
Anatomy: Cells and Tissues
cytology
zygote
differentiation
cell membrane, cytoplasm , and nucleus
study of cells
fertilized egg
becoming specialized in one thing
What are the three major parts in all cells?
cytology
study of cells
zygote
fertilized egg
25 terms
Anatomy-Bone Tissue
articular cartilage
epiphysis
epiphyseal plate
shaft
smooth layer of firm, fibrous tissue covering the contacting…
The end of a long bone, usually larger in diameter than the s…
The region of long bone connecting the diaphysis to the epiph…
Long, slender portion of a long bone; diaphysis
articular cartilage
smooth layer of firm, fibrous tissue covering the contacting…
epiphysis
The end of a long bone, usually larger in diameter than the s…
29 terms
Anatomy lecture Bones and Bone tissue
Long bone
Irregular Bones
Flat Bones
Short Bones
longer than wide mostly found in appendages
unusual shapes
responsible for making most of your blood flattened appearanc…
as long as it is wide found in the wrist, ankles, etc.
Long bone
longer than wide mostly found in appendages
Irregular Bones
unusual shapes
15 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 2: Bone and Skeletal Tissues; Cartilage, Bone Function, Composition, Cells, and Classifications (Lecture 8)
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
-- found throughout adult body... ^ear & nose... ^articular (joint,…
-- most abundant ... -- provides support through flexibility ... --…
-- contains many elastic fibers... -- able to tolerate repeated…
-- resists strong compression and strong tension ... -- unique... -…
Cartilage
-- found throughout adult body... ^ear & nose... ^articular (joint,…
Hyaline Cartilage
-- most abundant ... -- provides support through flexibility ... --…
22 terms
cartilage and bone tissue- anatomy
Cartilage
Perichondrium
Cartilage cells
cartilage fibers
Avascular; firm, gelatinous ground substance
outer dense irregular connective tissue layer and inner cellu…
Chondroblasts... Chondrocytes
Collagen, elastic
Cartilage
Avascular; firm, gelatinous ground substance
Perichondrium
outer dense irregular connective tissue layer and inner cellu…
Anatomy (cells,tissues,muscles)
hyaline cartilage
adipocyte
dense connective tissue
fibroblasts
covers the ends of bones
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
makes up ligaments and tendons
fiber forming cells found in the extracellular matrix
hyaline cartilage
covers the ends of bones
adipocyte
cells are sometimes called signet ring cells
30 terms
Anatomy, cells and tissues (images)
areolar connective tissue
areolar connective tissue
areolar connective tissue
elastic cartilage
areolar connective tissue
areolar connective tissue
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