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Study sets matching "anatomy bones tissues"

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Study sets matching "anatomy bones tissues"

22 terms
Anatomy - Bones and Bone tissue
Bones
Bone structure
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Classified as organs because they contain different types of…
Epiphysis... Diaphysis... Spongy bone... Compact bone... Medullary cavity…
End of bone which contains red marrow. The joint surface is c…
Shaft with medullary cavity containing yellow marrow
Bones
Classified as organs because they contain different types of…
Bone structure
Epiphysis... Diaphysis... Spongy bone... Compact bone... Medullary cavity…
53 terms
Anatomy - Identifying Tissues and Bones
adipose
bone
blood
skeletal muscle
adipose
bone
85 terms
Anatomy: Bones & Bone Tissue
bone tissue/osseous tissue
bone marrow
Functions of the skeletal system
Protection
dense regular and irregular collagenous connective tissue
type of tissue in bone tissue
1. protection... 2. mineral storage and acid based homeostasis... 3…
Skeleton protects vital organs such as the brain
bone tissue/osseous tissue
dense regular and irregular collagenous connective tissue
bone marrow
type of tissue in bone tissue
17 terms
Anatomy of bone and bone tissue
diaphysis
proximal epiphysis
distal epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
proximal epiphysis
39 terms
Anatomy: Connective Tissues and Bones
Bone classifications
Epiphysis
Metaphysis
Diaphysis
1. long bones... 2. Flat bones... 3. Irregular bones
(External feature) Growth plate of bones
(External feature) Area that epiphysis joins shaft
(External feature) Shaft
Bone classifications
1. long bones... 2. Flat bones... 3. Irregular bones
Epiphysis
(External feature) Growth plate of bones
31 terms
Anatomy Bones and Bone Tissue
5 types of tissue that makes up a bone?
6 Functions of bones?
4 Classifications of bones and examples?
Epiphysis
Osseous Tissue, nervous, blood, epithelia and cartilage.
Support, movement(levers for muscles), protection, mineral st…
Long bones (humorous), short bones (wrists and ankles), flat…
Ends of long bones.
5 types of tissue that makes up a bone?
Osseous Tissue, nervous, blood, epithelia and cartilage.
6 Functions of bones?
Support, movement(levers for muscles), protection, mineral st…
110 terms
Bones and Skeletal Tissue Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
articular cartilage
costal cartilage
laryngeal cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
covers ends of bones at joints
connects the ribs- cartilage
skeletal of the larynx- cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage for flexibility and resilience
articular cartilage
covers ends of bones at joints
270 terms
Anatomy - Identifying Tissues and Bones
adipose
compact bone
blood
skeletal muscle
adipose
compact bone
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Bones and Bone Tissue
Which classification of bone protects…
The central, shaftlike portion of a lo…
Uncomplicated fractures heal in...
What fracture is most likely to occur…
...
...
...
...
Which classification of bone protects…
...
The central, shaftlike portion of a lo…
...
148 terms
Anatomy- Bones & Skeletal Tissues
What are three types of skeletal carti…
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
What type of cartilage is surrounded b…
What cartilage is the most abundant in…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
What are three types of skeletal carti…
•Hyaline... •Elastic... •Fibrocartilage
What type of cartilage contains no blo…
Skeletal cartilage
27 terms
ANATOMY BONES & SKELETAL TISSUES
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Long Bones
Short Bones
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
Longer than they are wide (Humerus)
Cube-Shaped bones of the wrist and ankle. bones that form wit…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull, vertebral column and rib cage
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder and hip
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Bone Tissue
Osseous Tissue
Skeletal
Mesoderm
Hematopoiesis
Another name for bone... Description: Osteocytes found in lacuna…
The ______ system:... -supports body... -protects soft tissues... -act…
The skeletal system develops from the ______ embryonic germ l…
Blood cell formation from red marrow in bone
Osseous Tissue
Another name for bone... Description: Osteocytes found in lacuna…
Skeletal
The ______ system:... -supports body... -protects soft tissues... -act…
59 terms
Anatomy (Bones and Skeletal Tissue)
Articular cartilage
where is cartilage located?
Costal Cartilage
Types of cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
connecting the ribs to the sternum
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Articular cartilage
ends of most bones at movable joints
where is cartilage located?
external ear... nose... ends of most movable joints(articular carti…
127 terms
intro to anatomy/bones, bone tissue
the mediastinum contains what
the thoracic cavity is composed of what
the dorsal cavity contains what
the ventral cavity contains what
pericardial sack/cavity
pleural and mediastinum
cranial and vertebral (spinal)
thoracic and abdominopelvic
the mediastinum contains what
pericardial sack/cavity
the thoracic cavity is composed of what
pleural and mediastinum
57 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
avascular
chondrocytes
properties of skeletal cartilages
perichondrium
no blood vessels
cartilage cells
avascular, consists primarily of water, resilient, surrounded…
a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue that surrounds…
avascular
no blood vessels
chondrocytes
cartilage cells
16 terms
Anatomy - Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Cartilage
Bones
Functions of Bones
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
Organs that contain several types of tissues ; dominated by b…
Support (provides hard framework)... Movement (skeletal muscles…
Location and Basic Structure (Cartilage)
Found throughout the adult body ; ear and nose, Articular car…
Cartilage
Is abundant in embryo ; is surrounded by perichondrium - memb…
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology bones and skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Dense irregular connective tissue membrane covering cartilage.
1. Provides support, flexibility and resilience.... 2. It is the…
3 types of cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
22 terms
cartilage and bone tissue- anatomy
Cartilage
Perichondrium
Cartilage cells
cartilage fibers
Avascular; firm, gelatinous ground substance
outer dense irregular connective tissue layer and inner cellu…
Chondroblasts... Chondrocytes
Collagen, elastic
Cartilage
Avascular; firm, gelatinous ground substance
Perichondrium
outer dense irregular connective tissue layer and inner cellu…
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
5 Functions of Bones
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
nutrient foramen
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
-ends of long bone... -epiphyseal plate(growth plate made of car…
in the epiphysis, it's the site of blood entry into the bone
5 Functions of Bones
1. Protection-protects the organs... 2. Support: framework of th…
Diaphysis
-shaft of the long bone[infants have red marrow in the medull…
52 terms
anatomy bones & skeletal tissues
functions of skeleton
flat bones
short bones
irregular bones
support, protect, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis
broad and thin with flattened surface (parallel and often cur…
cube/box-shaped; made of compact bone over spongy bone
clustered in groups; various sizes
functions of skeleton
support, protect, movement, mineral storage, hematopoiesis
flat bones
broad and thin with flattened surface (parallel and often cur…
51 terms
Anatomy- Bones and Tissues
Functions of a Bone
cranium, rubs, and sternum
arms, legs, fingers, and toes
wrist and ankles
movement, protection, support, storage, blood cell formation
flat bones
long bones
short bones
Functions of a Bone
movement, protection, support, storage, blood cell formation
cranium, rubs, and sternum
flat bones
117 terms
anatomy- bones and skeletal tissues
skeletal cartilage
cartilage
Perichondrium
perichondrium
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the cartilage
acts like a girdle to resist outward expansion when the carti…
skeletal cartilage
made of cartilage tissue molded to fit its body location and…
cartilage
consists primarily of water, which allows it to spring back t…
64 terms
Anatomy Tissues and Bones
Transverse cut results in
Coronal/Frontal cut results in
Sagittal cut results in
Cells make up
top and bottom (cut at belly button)
front and back ( cut so palms forward and booty back)
left and right
tissues
Transverse cut results in
top and bottom (cut at belly button)
Coronal/Frontal cut results in
front and back ( cut so palms forward and booty back)
43 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Ossification
When does bone formation begin?
Two types of ossification
Which cartilage does endochondral use?
Bone tissue formation
2 months
Intramembranous and endochondral
Hyaline
Ossification
Bone tissue formation
When does bone formation begin?
2 months
90 terms
Anatomy Bone Tissue
Skeletal System
Functions of Bone Tissue
Osseous Tissue
Mineralization Calcification
Composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
Structural support, movement, protection, blood cell formatio…
Another name for bone; it is a CT in which the matrix is hard…
Hardening process of bone that is completed by the deposition…
Skeletal System
Composed of bones, cartilages, and ligaments joined tightly t…
Functions of Bone Tissue
Structural support, movement, protection, blood cell formatio…
30 terms
Anatomy 5 Bone Tissue
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
ulna, femur, radius
talus, capitate
scapula, sternum
vertebra, sphenoid bone
long bones
ulna, femur, radius
short bones
talus, capitate
29 terms
Anatomy lecture Bones and Bone tissue
Long bone
Irregular Bones
Flat Bones
Short Bones
longer than wide mostly found in appendages
unusual shapes
responsible for making most of your blood flattened appearanc…
as long as it is wide found in the wrist, ankles, etc.
Long bone
longer than wide mostly found in appendages
Irregular Bones
unusual shapes
89 terms
Anatomy and Physiology bones and skeletal tissues
3 types of cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Perichondrium
Hyaline cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
Dense irregular connective tissue membrane covering cartilage.
1. Provides support, flexibility and resilience.... 2. It is the…
3 types of cartilage
1. Hyaline... 2. Elastic... 3. Fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
1. Contains no blood vessels or nerves.... 2. Surrounded by the…
40 terms
Anatomy Bone Tissues
Calcium
Canaliculi
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Storage of this mineral impacts nervous and muscular system.
These structures allow bone cells to form interconnected.
This term refers to the end of a long bone.
This term refers to the shaft of a long bone.
Calcium
Storage of this mineral impacts nervous and muscular system.
Canaliculi
These structures allow bone cells to form interconnected.
59 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissues
avascular
chondrocytes
properties of skeletal cartilages
perichondrium
no blood vessels/blood supply (=slow healing)
cartilage cells
avascular, consists primarily of water (resilient), no nerves
a layer of dense, irregular connective tissue that surrounds…
avascular
no blood vessels/blood supply (=slow healing)
chondrocytes
cartilage cells
10 terms
Microscopic anatomy of bone tissue
compact bone
Haversian system (Osteons)
Harversian canals
Lamellae (plural of lamella)
dense layer on outside of bone
is the microscopic, functional, and repeating unit of compact…
Are passageways that run parallel to the long axis of the bon…
Are circular layers of bone matrix that surround a common cen…
compact bone
dense layer on outside of bone
Haversian system (Osteons)
is the microscopic, functional, and repeating unit of compact…
97 terms
Anatomy 6 Bone Tissue
What is the last bone to grow in your…
osteogenic cells
osteoblast
osteocyte
The clavicle, leads to broadening shoulders and back
develop into an osteoblast ... -the very beginning of bone... mitot…
secrete minerals, but cannot divide... -forms bone extracellular…
in the presence of a blood supply, this maintains bone tissue…
What is the last bone to grow in your…
The clavicle, leads to broadening shoulders and back
osteogenic cells
develop into an osteoblast ... -the very beginning of bone... mitot…
16 terms
Anatomy Tissues and Bones TYK
What are the two components of any tis…
What are the 3 main types of fibers fo…
What are the 4 primary tissues?
What are the specialized functions of…
cells & intercellular substance
reticular (lymph), elastic, collagen (most abundant (cartilag…
Connective, Muscle, Neuronal, Epithelial
Epithelial: protection and absorption... Connective: link everyt…
What are the two components of any tis…
cells & intercellular substance
What are the 3 main types of fibers fo…
reticular (lymph), elastic, collagen (most abundant (cartilag…
35 terms
bones and skeletal tissue - anatomy
3 types of cartilage
what is the most abundant cartilage
hyaline cartilage does what
which cartilage contains many elastic…
hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage
provides support through flexibility and resilience
elastic cartilage
3 types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage
what is the most abundant cartilage
hyaline cartilage
67 terms
Anatomy-Bone Tissue
The components of the skeletal system…
The skeleton does all of the following:
What is the relationship between the s…
What is found at the ends of long bones?
Skeletal system is the system of bones, associated cartilages…
Blood cell production, storage of energy, protection, support…
Blood cells are created within the bone marrow; ... -Red blood…
Articular (Hyaline) Cartilage. It is cartilage that covers th…
The components of the skeletal system…
Skeletal system is the system of bones, associated cartilages…
The skeleton does all of the following:
Blood cell production, storage of energy, protection, support…
40 terms
Anatomy: Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Chondroblasts
Chondrocytes
3 Types of Cartilage
Elastic fibers
secrete matrix
maintain matrix
Hyaline, Elastic, Fibrocartilage
Ears
Chondroblasts
secrete matrix
Chondrocytes
maintain matrix
18 terms
Anatomy Bones and Skeletal Tissues
Three cartilages
Skeletal cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Skeletal, Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Made of some variety of cartilage tissue, which mainly consis…
Provides support, flexibility, and resilience. Most abundant…
Contain stretchy elastic fibers and are easily bendable. Foun…
Three cartilages
Skeletal, Hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Made of some variety of cartilage tissue, which mainly consis…
23 terms
Tissues Anatomy / Cartilage & Bone
Tissue
Exocrine Gland
Endocrine gland
Cartilage
a collection of similar cells and the intercellular substance…
contains a duct,
ductless, produce hormones
avascular supporting connective tissue
Tissue
a collection of similar cells and the intercellular substance…
Exocrine Gland
contains a duct,
67 terms
Human Anatomy - General Bones and Tissues
External ear, Nose, The ends of bones…
Hyaline Cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
Where is Cartilage located throughout the body?
glassy - rib cartilage
most flexible cartilage
strength, most rigid cartilage
External ear, Nose, The ends of bones…
Where is Cartilage located throughout the body?
Hyaline Cartilage
glassy - rib cartilage
43 terms
Anatomy Bone Tissue
Perichondrium
Appositional Growth
Interstitial Growth
Osteoid
connective tissue that surrounds and protects cartilage
cells in perichondrium secrete new matrix outside existing ca…
chondrocytes divide and secrete new matrix, expanding cartila…
Bone matrix, contains calcium salts
Perichondrium
connective tissue that surrounds and protects cartilage
Appositional Growth
cells in perichondrium secrete new matrix outside existing ca…
59 terms
Anatomy Bone Tissue
Non-living Matrix
Living Matrix
-Clasts
-Blasts
1. Calcium and phosphate salts... 2. Collagen fibers
1. Osteoclasts... 2. Osteoblasts... 3. Osteocytes
break down bone
build bone tissue
Non-living Matrix
1. Calcium and phosphate salts... 2. Collagen fibers
Living Matrix
1. Osteoclasts... 2. Osteoblasts... 3. Osteocytes
27 terms
Anatomy of the bones and skeletal tissue
Perichondrium
Articular cartilage
Costal cartilage
Articular discs
A Double layered connective tissue sheath surrounding cartilage
Hyaline cartilage covering the ends of bones within a synovia…
segments of hyaline cartilage that connect the sternum to the…
a plate or ring of fibrocartilage attached to the joint capsu…
Perichondrium
A Double layered connective tissue sheath surrounding cartilage
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage covering the ends of bones within a synovia…
20 terms
H. Anatomy: Bone Tissue
epiphysis (proximal, distal)
diaphysis
compact bone
spongy bone
ends of long bones
the middle of long bones (compact bone)
solid, sturdy bone
lightweight, full of space, series of arches
epiphysis (proximal, distal)
ends of long bones
diaphysis
the middle of long bones (compact bone)
43 terms
Anatomy 201 - Bones & Tissue!
What part of the skeleton is most at r…
Which of the following terms is associ…
Which of the following describes the e…
What is the nonliving structural part…
Vertebra and neck of the femur
Open reduction
It contains a disc of hyaline cartilage between the epiphysis…
Matrix
What part of the skeleton is most at r…
Vertebra and neck of the femur
Which of the following terms is associ…
Open reduction
46 terms
Anatomy Bone Tissue
Articular Cartilages
Costal Cartilages
Perichondrium
Chondrocytes
Cover the ends of most bones and movable joints.
Connect to ribs to the sternum
Dense irregular connective tissue surrounding cartilage to re…
Cartilage cells that is from connective tissue
Articular Cartilages
Cover the ends of most bones and movable joints.
Costal Cartilages
Connect to ribs to the sternum
53 terms
Anatomy - Tissue and Bone
simple squamous epithelium
keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
simple squamous
absorption and secretion. ... moves respi…
What tissue will allow a substrate to diffuse through the fas…
What tissue will not allow a substrate to diffuse through ver…
This tissue secretes lubricating fluid and allows rapid diffu…
What is the purpose of simple cuboidal epithelium?
simple squamous epithelium
What tissue will allow a substrate to diffuse through the fas…
keratinized stratified squamous epithe…
What tissue will not allow a substrate to diffuse through ver…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Bones and Bone Tissue
flat bones
diaphysis
8 to 12 weeks
greenstick because contains more colla…
Which classification of bone protects organs or provides a la…
The central, shaftlike portion of a long bone is called?
Uncomplicated fractures heal in...
What fracture is most likely to occur in young children and w…
flat bones
Which classification of bone protects organs or provides a la…
diaphysis
The central, shaftlike portion of a long bone is called?
112 terms
anatomy - bones and skeletal tissue
where is cartilage found in adult body?
cartilage is primarily _
articular cartilage?
costal cartilage
• Ear and nose... • Articular cartilages and costal cartilage... •…
water
found at articulations (joint)
ribs (off bones)
where is cartilage found in adult body?
• Ear and nose... • Articular cartilages and costal cartilage... •…
cartilage is primarily _
water
81 terms
Anatomy Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Where can you find cartilage throughou…
What is the perichondrium?
What is the cartilage cell type?
Where are chondrocytes located?
in external ear & nose; articular cartilages & costal cartila…
surronds cartilages; resists outward pressure; functions in g…
chondrocytes
within lacunae
Where can you find cartilage throughou…
in external ear & nose; articular cartilages & costal cartila…
What is the perichondrium?
surronds cartilages; resists outward pressure; functions in g…
18 terms
Anatomy bones and bone tissue terms
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
named for overall shape, NOT their size; longer than they are…
names for shape; cube shaped; longer as they are wide... Ex. ta…
thin and broad bones... Ex. ribs, pelvis, sternum
include vertebrae and certain skull bones; do not fit into an…
long bones
named for overall shape, NOT their size; longer than they are…
short bones
names for shape; cube shaped; longer as they are wide... Ex. ta…
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