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Study sets matching "anatomy cardiovascular system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy cardiovascular system"

43 terms
Anatomy Cardiovascular System
Pericardium
Atrioventricular (AV) valves
Aortic semilunar valve
Pulmonary semilunar valve
a double-walled sac around the heart that protects and anchor…
lie between the atria and the ventricles
lies between the left ventricle and the aorta
lies between the right ventricle and pulmonary trunk
Pericardium
a double-walled sac around the heart that protects and anchor…
Atrioventricular (AV) valves
lie between the atria and the ventricles
32 terms
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
pericardium
septum or inter ventricular septum
endocardium... myocardium... epicardium
endocardium
hearts membranous fluid-filled sac
what are the atria and ventricles separated by?
3 layers in heart wall
continuous with the endothelial lining of blood vessels
pericardium
hearts membranous fluid-filled sac
septum or inter ventricular septum
what are the atria and ventricles separated by?
cardiovascular system anatomy
cardiovascular system
location of the heart
apex
base
the heart is a four chambered muscular organ shaped and sized…
approximately two thirds of its mass is to the left of the mi…
lies on the diaphragm pointing to the left
lies just below the second rib boundaries of the heart are cl…
cardiovascular system
the heart is a four chambered muscular organ shaped and sized…
location of the heart
approximately two thirds of its mass is to the left of the mi…
32 terms
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
heart
by the atrioventricular valves (tricus…
tricuspid valve
pulmonary valve
composed of cardiac muscle and supports the pulmonary circula…
how are the atria separated from the ventricles?
which valve is between the right atrium and right ventricle?
which valve is between the R ventricle and pulmonary artery?
heart
composed of cardiac muscle and supports the pulmonary circula…
by the atrioventricular valves (tricus…
how are the atria separated from the ventricles?
9 terms
anatomy of the cardiovascular system
mediastinum
fibrous pericardium --> serous pericar…
parietal layer and epicardium
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
heart is located in the
structure of the heart coverings from outside to inside consi…
serous pericardium is made up of
walls of the heart are composed of 3 distinct layers which are
mediastinum
heart is located in the
fibrous pericardium --> serous pericar…
structure of the heart coverings from outside to inside consi…
30 terms
anatomy cardiovascular system
heart (location)
pericardium
parietal pericardium
epicardium
size of a person's fist, weighs less than a pound, apex point…
enclosed by a double sac of serous membrane
loosely around the base of the heart, reinforced by dense con…
part of the heart wall creating the external surface
heart (location)
size of a person's fist, weighs less than a pound, apex point…
pericardium
enclosed by a double sac of serous membrane
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cardiovascular System
Function
Superior end
Inferior end
pericardium
transportation
base
apex
double membranous bag surrounding the heart
Function
transportation
Superior end
base
65 terms
Cardiovascular System- Anatomy
Thorax
diaphragm; second
aorta
Right atrium
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the ____.
Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
diaphragm; second
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
21 terms
Anatomy - Cardiovascular system
Myocardium
Atrium
Endocardium
Pericardium
Cardiac muscle
Receive blood from the body
A very smooth tissue to ease the blood flow
A membrane that protects the heart
Myocardium
Cardiac muscle
Atrium
Receive blood from the body
43 terms
Anatomy Cardiovascular System-
pericardium
3 parts of heart wall
epicardium
myocardium
membrane that surrounds, protects, and holds heart in place
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
thin, transparent outer layer of the heart
made of cardiac muscle, constitutes bulk of heart
pericardium
membrane that surrounds, protects, and holds heart in place
3 parts of heart wall
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
58 terms
Cardiovascular System (Anatomy)
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
fourth intercostal space
the right heart pumping blood through…
pumping blood to the rest of the body…
separate the heart into left and right portions
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
what is pulmonary circulation?
what is systemic circulation?
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
separate the heart into left and right portions
fourth intercostal space
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
human anatomy cardiovascular system
tricuspid valve
bicuspid valve
av valve with three flaps
AV valve with two flaps
prevents backflow into bentricles whem heart is relaxed
prevent back flow into the atria when the ventricles are cont…
tricuspid valve
bicuspid valve
tricuspid valve
prevents backflow into bentricles whem heart is relaxed
bicuspid valve
prevent back flow into the atria when the ventricles are cont…
Anatomy 14 Cardiovascular system
Blood characteristics
5 liters
Blood components
Plasma
When compared to water it has a higher density, higher viscos…
How many liters of blood are there in a male?
Plasma fluid and formed elements cells
Composed of mostly water, nutrients, salts, gases hormones, w…
Blood characteristics
When compared to water it has a higher density, higher viscos…
5 liters
How many liters of blood are there in a male?
22 terms
Cardiovascular System Anatomy and Physiology
The primary organs and structures of t…
The Cardiovascular system is also call…
The three layers or linings of the heart
What separates the right and left side…
1. Heart... 2. Arteries... 3. Veins... 4. Capillaries... 5. Blood
Circulatory system
1. Endocardium... 2. Myocardium... 3. Pericardium
The septum
The primary organs and structures of t…
1. Heart... 2. Arteries... 3. Veins... 4. Capillaries... 5. Blood
The Cardiovascular system is also call…
Circulatory system
Cardiovascular System Anatomy 10A
Diapedesis
Albumin
Globulins
Types of White blood cells
Passage of white blood cells through the endothelial capillar…
Carries lipids and steroid hormones
Carry lipids, transports ions and hormones
Differentiate from stem cells into myeloid or lymphoid, granu…
Diapedesis
Passage of white blood cells through the endothelial capillar…
Albumin
Carries lipids and steroid hormones
Anatomy Cardiovascular System
SA Node, AV Node, AV Bundle of His, Pu…
Atria
Ventricles
Atria, Ventricles
Put these into order: AV Bundle of His, AV Node, Purkinje Fib…
The SA Node ultimately causes the _____ to contract simultane…
The AV node ultimately cause the _______ to contract simultan…
SA Node is to _____, as AV Node is to ______.
SA Node, AV Node, AV Bundle of His, Pu…
Put these into order: AV Bundle of His, AV Node, Purkinje Fib…
Atria
The SA Node ultimately causes the _____ to contract simultane…
48 terms
Anatomy - Cardiovascular System
blood
components of plasma
functions of blood
color of blood
is a fluid connective tissue, made of living cells and nonliv…
electrolytes, proteins, nutrients, waste, hormones, and respi…
delivers nutrients and oxygen, takes out wastes, transports h…
is always red; it is a more rich, scarlet red when oxygenated
blood
is a fluid connective tissue, made of living cells and nonliv…
components of plasma
electrolytes, proteins, nutrients, waste, hormones, and respi…
78 terms
Anatomy Vocabulary - Cardiovascular system
plasma
hemoglobin
thrombocytes
erythrocytes
- 92% water ... - Transporting nutrients, gases, and vitamins ... -…
- Oxygen-carrying protein ... - gives Blood its color
- A platelet
- red blood cells... - Biconcave disk thats thin near the center…
plasma
- 92% water ... - Transporting nutrients, gases, and vitamins ... -…
hemoglobin
- Oxygen-carrying protein ... - gives Blood its color
37 terms
Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
Three types of blood vessels
Lumen
Arteries
Pulmonary trunk
Arteries, capillaries, veins
Central blood-containing space within blood vessels
Carry blood AWAY from the heart
Carries blood to the lungs
Three types of blood vessels
Arteries, capillaries, veins
Lumen
Central blood-containing space within blood vessels
122 terms
anatomy cardiovascular system
purpose of the system
systemic circuit
pulmonary circuit
right side
transport o^2 co^2 nutrients and waste
blood going to systems (oxygenated)
blood going to the lungs to be oxygenated
carries co2 to the lungs
purpose of the system
transport o^2 co^2 nutrients and waste
systemic circuit
blood going to systems (oxygenated)
144 terms
Anatomy: Cardiovascular System
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
Location of Heart
Outermost layer of heart
Pumps blood through right side of heart
Pumps blood through left side of heart
Posterior and left of sternum, situated between 2nd and 5th i…
Fibrous Pericardium
Pulmonary Circuit
Pumps blood through right side of heart
Systemic Circuit
Pumps blood through left side of heart
57 terms
Anatomy-Cardiovascular System
Transportation of O2, nutrients, cell…
Arteries, veins, capillaries
Arteries
Veins
Function
Blood Vessels
Take blood away from the heart
Bring blood to the heart
Transportation of O2, nutrients, cell…
Function
Arteries, veins, capillaries
Blood Vessels
40 terms
Cardiovascular System-Anatomy (H)
Thorax
Aorta
Right atrium
Atria
The heart is cone shaped muscular organ located within the
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the
Relative to the roles of the heart chambers, the ______ are r…
Thorax
The heart is cone shaped muscular organ located within the
Aorta
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
Anatomy- The Cardiovascular System
Mediastinum or Thorax
Diaphragm
2nd
Aorta
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ______
Its base is at the level of the _____ rib.
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
Mediastinum or Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Diaphragm
Its apex rests on the ______
65 terms
Cardiovascular System- Anatomy
Thorax
diaphragm; second
aorta
Right atrium
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the ____.
Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
diaphragm; second
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
144 terms
Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
the heart is a muscle that pumps
the heart is located between
the heart is separated from other stru…
the heart sits in the
5.25 L of fluid per minute
lungs in a space called the mediastinum
pericardium- a tough membrane
pericardial cavity
the heart is a muscle that pumps
5.25 L of fluid per minute
the heart is located between
lungs in a space called the mediastinum
106 terms
Anatomy; Cardiovascular System
Location of heart
Size and shape of heart
Pericardium (pericardial sac)
Fibrous pericardium
behind sternum, in front of thoracic vertebrae; middle medias…
size of fist; apex is the pointed end
surrounds and protects the heart; has 2 layers
inelastic, loose-fitting sac around heart
Location of heart
behind sternum, in front of thoracic vertebrae; middle medias…
Size and shape of heart
size of fist; apex is the pointed end
34 terms
Anatomy- cardiovascular system
circulatory system
heart
pericardium
epicardium
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels
Organ of the circulatory system that pumps the blood
Membrane that surrounds the heart
Thin layer of the pericardium that covers the surface of the…
circulatory system
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels
heart
Organ of the circulatory system that pumps the blood
53 terms
anatomy heart (cardiovascular system)
aorta
apex
artery
atrioventricular node
Largest artery in the body
the highest point, tip
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Located in the lower wall of the right atrium and sends an im…
aorta
Largest artery in the body
apex
the highest point, tip
Anatomy cardiovascular system
What are the two groups of WBC
Granulocyte types are
Agranulocyte types are
Neutrophils are the most... and ... th…
Granulocytes and agranulocytes
Neutrophils ... Eosinophils ... Basophils
Lymphocytes ... Monocytes
Abundant... Active ... Phagocytes... Diapedesis
What are the two groups of WBC
Granulocytes and agranulocytes
Granulocyte types are
Neutrophils ... Eosinophils ... Basophils
31 terms
Anatomy-Cardiovascular system vocabulary
Blood
Plasma
Interstitial fluid
Hematology
The fluid circulating through the heart, arteries, veins, and…
The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes…
Liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much…
The branch of medical science dealing with the blood and bloo…
Blood
The fluid circulating through the heart, arteries, veins, and…
Plasma
The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes…
18 terms
Cardiovascular System for Anatomy Practical
Ulnar artery
Radial artery
Interosseous artery
Superficial palmar arch
...
...
...
...
Ulnar artery
...
Radial artery
...
36 terms
Anatomy 2.3 The Cardiovascular System
*Objective 1.
Surgical reference points:
The circulatory system:
Functions:
• Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum including the surfa…
i. mid-sternal line -most common surgical entrance for heart…
Functions... Arterial system ... Venous system
i. Provides oxygen and a distribution network for nutrients,…
*Objective 1.
• Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum including the surfa…
Surgical reference points:
i. mid-sternal line -most common surgical entrance for heart…
26 terms
Anatomy: Cardiovascular System (Heart)
Pericardium
Fibrous Pericardium
Serous Pericardium
Parietal Pericardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart
- Outermost layer of the pericardium... - Anchors the heart to s…
- Inner layer of the pericardium... - Composed of two layers: Pa…
- Outer portion of the Serous Pericardium... - Fused to the Fibr…
Pericardium
Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart
Fibrous Pericardium
- Outermost layer of the pericardium... - Anchors the heart to s…
33 terms
Cardiovascular System: Anatomy and Physiology
Cardiovascular System
Atria
Ventricles
Venae Cavae
the system made up of the heart and the blood vessels.... - The…
the two upper chambers of the heart.
the two lower chambers of the heart.
superior and inferior. These two major veins return blood fro…
Cardiovascular System
the system made up of the heart and the blood vessels.... - The…
Atria
the two upper chambers of the heart.
60 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cardiovascular System
Chambers in the Heart
Arteries
Veins
Blood Composition
Four total chambers. Left and Right Atrium (upper), Left and…
Carry blood AWAY from heart... - all arteries EXCEPT pulmonary a…
Carry blood TOWARD heart ... - all veins EXCEPT pulmonary veins…
- Plasma= water, salts, nutrients, proteins... - Cells= red bloo…
Chambers in the Heart
Four total chambers. Left and Right Atrium (upper), Left and…
Arteries
Carry blood AWAY from heart... - all arteries EXCEPT pulmonary a…
17 terms
Cardiovascular system anatomy
Pericardium
Endocardium
Myocardium
Epicardium
Double layered sac surrounding the heart made of connective t…
Layer of epithelial cells
Cardiac muscle
Serous membrane and epithelial tissue
Pericardium
Double layered sac surrounding the heart made of connective t…
Endocardium
Layer of epithelial cells
21 terms
Anatomy of Cardiovascular System
Layers of the tissue in the heart
Function of the Pericardial Sac
Atrioventricular Valve
Tricuspid Valve
outer layer- epicardium ... middle layer- myocardium... inner layer…
provides protection against friction
- consists of three flaps... - two valves that separate the atri…
- consists of three flaps... -heart valve located between right…
Layers of the tissue in the heart
outer layer- epicardium ... middle layer- myocardium... inner layer…
Function of the Pericardial Sac
provides protection against friction
58 terms
Human Anatomy Cardiovascular System
Thermoregulation
Counter-Current Heat Exchange
Bardey-Cardia Response
White Blood Cell
the maintenance of body temperature within a range that enabl…
Counterflow of Fluids that allows them at different temperatu…
Mechanism used to prevent abnormal increases in blood pressur…
Granulocytes and agranulocytes of whole blood
Thermoregulation
the maintenance of body temperature within a range that enabl…
Counter-Current Heat Exchange
Counterflow of Fluids that allows them at different temperatu…
130 terms
Anatomy- Cardiovascular System
What is the function of the cardiovasc…
What is the location of the heart?
What is the orientation of the heart?
About how big is the size of the heart?
The function is to deliver oxygen and nutrients and to remove…
Thorax between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
-Pointed apex directed toward left hip... -Base points toward ri…
It's about the size of a fist
What is the function of the cardiovasc…
The function is to deliver oxygen and nutrients and to remove…
What is the location of the heart?
Thorax between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
54 terms
Cardiovascular System Anatomy
What are the two blood circuits of the…
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic Circuit
Where is the remaining 7% of blood?
Systemic and Pulmonary circuit
A lot smaller than the systemic. The pulmonary artery takes d…
A lot larger than the pulmonary circuit, containing 84% of th…
In the heart.
What are the two blood circuits of the…
Systemic and Pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circuit
A lot smaller than the systemic. The pulmonary artery takes d…
35 terms
ANATOMY Cardiovascular System
Which wall of heart is the thickest an…
Pace maker of the heart
systole (atrial systole)
ventricular systole
Left Ventricle has a thick myocardium because it needs to pum…
the SA node ( located in the right atrium), it creates electr…
contracting of the heart... the atria are contracting and pushin…
contracting of the ventricles pushing blood through the semil…
Which wall of heart is the thickest an…
Left Ventricle has a thick myocardium because it needs to pum…
Pace maker of the heart
the SA node ( located in the right atrium), it creates electr…
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Apex
Base
Pericardium
...
...
...
...
Cardiovascular System
...
Apex
...
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Cardiovascular System
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
atrioventricular (AV) valves (Mitral &…
Right Ventricle
It collects deoxygenated blood returning from the body (throu…
It collects oxygenated blood returning from the lungs and the…
prevent flow from the... ventricles back into the atria.
It collects deoxygenated blood from the right atrium and then…
Right Atrium
It collects deoxygenated blood returning from the body (throu…
Left Atrium
It collects oxygenated blood returning from the lungs and the…
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
Heart... Location of the heart... Mediastinu…
Cardiopulmonary Resusictation
Heart... Location of the heart... Apex
Heart... Location of the heart... Base
Lies in the mediastinum behind the body of the sternum betwee…
procedure: Compressed by application of pressure to the lower…
Apex lies on the diaphragm, pointing to the left
Base lies just below the second rib
Heart... Location of the heart... Mediastinu…
Lies in the mediastinum behind the body of the sternum betwee…
Cardiopulmonary Resusictation
procedure: Compressed by application of pressure to the lower…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Cardiovascular System
Tunica Adventitia
Media
Intima
Lumen
The outer layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of semi…
The middle layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of ela…
The innermost layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of…
The hollow space inside bloodvessels that allow blood to flow.
Tunica Adventitia
The outer layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of semi…
Media
The middle layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of ela…
86 terms
Anatomy Lab Practical Cardiovascular System
aorta
aorta
pulmonary veins
pulmonary veins
thick vessel top of heart
V
a vein that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the he…
aorta
aorta
thick vessel top of heart
52 terms
Bio & Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
Brachiocephalic Trunk
Closed looped systems
Subclavian artery
Axillary artery
Branch of the aortic arch that sends blood to the arm and head
Connect with each other
Goes under collar bone
Send blood to armpit
Brachiocephalic Trunk
Branch of the aortic arch that sends blood to the arm and head
Closed looped systems
Connect with each other
72 terms
ACC Anatomy cardiovascular system
whats the hearts main function?
2 major subdivsions:
lymphatic
what's the size of the heart?
transportation
cardiovascular and lymphatic
pumpless, has special vessels that get fluid back into bloods…
fists together
whats the hearts main function?
transportation
2 major subdivsions:
cardiovascular and lymphatic
158 terms
Anatomy - Cardiovascular System
How many chambers does the heart have?
What is the size of the heart in cm?
Describe the location of the heart
Describe the location of the heart in…
4
14 cm long & 9 cm wide
Located within the mediastinum & rests on the diaphragm, slig…
The heart is laterally by the lungs
How many chambers does the heart have?
4
What is the size of the heart in cm?
14 cm long & 9 cm wide
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