Study sets matching "anatomy cardiovascular system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy cardiovascular system"

Cardiovascular System (Anatomy)
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
fourth intercostal space
the right heart pumping blood through…
pumping blood to the rest of the body…
separate the heart into left and right portions
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
what is pulmonary circulation?
what is systemic circulation?
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
separate the heart into left and right portions
fourth intercostal space
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
Heart... Location of the heart... Mediastinu…
Cardiopulmonary Resusictation
Heart... Location of the heart... Apex
Heart... Location of the heart... Base
Lies in the mediastinum behind the body of the sternum betwee…
procedure: Compressed by application of pressure to the lower…
Apex lies on the diaphragm, pointing to the left
Base lies just below the second rib
Heart... Location of the heart... Mediastinu…
Lies in the mediastinum behind the body of the sternum betwee…
Cardiopulmonary Resusictation
procedure: Compressed by application of pressure to the lower…
cardiovascular system anatomy
cardiovascular system
location of the heart
apex
base
the heart is a four chambered muscular organ shaped and sized…
approximately two thirds of its mass is to the left of the mi…
lies on the diaphragm pointing to the left
lies just below the second rib boundaries of the heart are cl…
cardiovascular system
the heart is a four chambered muscular organ shaped and sized…
location of the heart
approximately two thirds of its mass is to the left of the mi…
28 terms
Anatomy: Cardiovascular System
erythrocytes
hemorrhagic anemia
hemolytic anemia
aplastic anemia
red blood cells... no organelles or nucleus ... filled with hemoglo…
type of anemia ... acute or chronic loss of blood
type of anemia ... red blood cells rupture prematurely
type of anemia ... destruction or inhibition of red bone marrow
erythrocytes
red blood cells... no organelles or nucleus ... filled with hemoglo…
hemorrhagic anemia
type of anemia ... acute or chronic loss of blood
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Cardiovascular System
Tunica Adventitia
Media
Intima
Lumen
The outer layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of semi…
The middle layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of ela…
The innermost layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of…
The hollow space inside bloodvessels that allow blood to flow.
Tunica Adventitia
The outer layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of semi…
Media
The middle layer of tissue of a blood vessel. Composed of ela…
anatomy cardiovascular system
heart (location)
pericardium
parietal pericardium
epicardium
size of a person's fist, weighs less than a pound, apex point…
enclosed by a double sac of serous membrane
loosely around the base of the heart, reinforced by dense con…
part of the heart wall creating the external surface
heart (location)
size of a person's fist, weighs less than a pound, apex point…
pericardium
enclosed by a double sac of serous membrane
65 terms
Human Anatomy Cardiovascular System
Function
Superior end
Inferior end
pericardium
transportation
base
apex
double membranous bag surrounding the heart
Function
transportation
Superior end
base
65 terms
Cardiovascular System- Anatomy
Thorax
diaphragm; second
aorta
Right atrium
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the ____.
Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
diaphragm; second
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
Anatomy - Cardiovascular system
Myocardium
Atrium
Endocardium
Pericardium
Cardiac muscle
Receive blood from the body
A very smooth tissue to ease the blood flow
A membrane that protects the heart
Myocardium
Cardiac muscle
Atrium
Receive blood from the body
43 terms
Anatomy Cardiovascular System-
pericardium
3 parts of heart wall
epicardium
myocardium
membrane that surrounds, protects, and holds heart in place
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
thin, transparent outer layer of the heart
made of cardiac muscle, constitutes bulk of heart
pericardium
membrane that surrounds, protects, and holds heart in place
3 parts of heart wall
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
122 terms
anatomy cardiovascular system
purpose of the system
systemic circuit
pulmonary circuit
right side
transport o^2 co^2 nutrients and waste
blood going to systems (oxygenated)
blood going to the lungs to be oxygenated
carries co2 to the lungs
purpose of the system
transport o^2 co^2 nutrients and waste
systemic circuit
blood going to systems (oxygenated)
58 terms
Cardiovascular System (Anatomy)
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
fourth intercostal space
the right heart pumping blood through…
pumping blood to the rest of the body…
separate the heart into left and right portions
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
what is pulmonary circulation?
what is systemic circulation?
2/3rds is on the left and 1/3rd is on…
separate the heart into left and right portions
fourth intercostal space
which intercostal space is a good site for emergency injection
human anatomy cardiovascular system
tricuspid valve
bicuspid valve
av valve with three flaps
AV valve with two flaps
prevents backflow into bentricles whem heart is relaxed
prevent back flow into the atria when the ventricles are cont…
tricuspid valve
bicuspid valve
tricuspid valve
prevents backflow into bentricles whem heart is relaxed
bicuspid valve
prevent back flow into the atria when the ventricles are cont…
Anatomy 14 Cardiovascular system
Blood characteristics
5 liters
Blood components
Plasma
When compared to water it has a higher density, higher viscos…
How many liters of blood are there in a male?
Plasma fluid and formed elements cells
Composed of mostly water, nutrients, salts, gases hormones, w…
Blood characteristics
When compared to water it has a higher density, higher viscos…
5 liters
How many liters of blood are there in a male?
Anatomy 3 (Cardiovascular system)
Cardiology
Cardio-
Vascular
Cardiovascular
Study of the heart and blood vessels
Prefix that refers to the heart
Refers to blood vessels
Refers to the entire circulatory system
Cardiology
Study of the heart and blood vessels
Cardio-
Prefix that refers to the heart
Cardiovascular System Anatomy 10A
Diapedesis
Albumin
Globulins
Types of White blood cells
Passage of white blood cells through the endothelial capillar…
Carries lipids and steroid hormones
Carry lipids, transports ions and hormones
Differentiate from stem cells into myeloid or lymphoid, granu…
Diapedesis
Passage of white blood cells through the endothelial capillar…
Albumin
Carries lipids and steroid hormones
Anatomy Cardiovascular System
SA Node, AV Node, AV Bundle of His, Pu…
Atria
Ventricles
Atria, Ventricles
Put these into order: AV Bundle of His, AV Node, Purkinje Fib…
The SA Node ultimately causes the _____ to contract simultane…
The AV node ultimately cause the _______ to contract simultan…
SA Node is to _____, as AV Node is to ______.
SA Node, AV Node, AV Bundle of His, Pu…
Put these into order: AV Bundle of His, AV Node, Purkinje Fib…
Atria
The SA Node ultimately causes the _____ to contract simultane…
48 terms
Anatomy - Cardiovascular System
blood
components of plasma
functions of blood
color of blood
is a fluid connective tissue, made of living cells and nonliv…
electrolytes, proteins, nutrients, waste, hormones, and respi…
delivers nutrients and oxygen, takes out wastes, transports h…
is always red; it is a more rich, scarlet red when oxygenated
blood
is a fluid connective tissue, made of living cells and nonliv…
components of plasma
electrolytes, proteins, nutrients, waste, hormones, and respi…
78 terms
Anatomy Vocabulary - Cardiovascular system
plasma
hemoglobin
thrombocytes
erythrocytes
- 92% water ... - Transporting nutrients, gases, and vitamins ... -…
- Oxygen-carrying protein ... - gives Blood its color
- A platelet
- red blood cells... - Biconcave disk thats thin near the center…
plasma
- 92% water ... - Transporting nutrients, gases, and vitamins ... -…
hemoglobin
- Oxygen-carrying protein ... - gives Blood its color
15 terms
Anatomy-Cardiovascular System
Function of Cardio System
Heart Wall-3 Layers
Heart Valves
Arteries
-deliver nutrients and O2... -remove waste and CO2... -transport heat
-Epicardium Layer-outsdie... -Myocardium- heart muscle... -Endocard…
-keep blood flowing in one direction... -held in place by heart…
-blood away from heart... -O2... -movement from heart moving
Function of Cardio System
-deliver nutrients and O2... -remove waste and CO2... -transport heat
Heart Wall-3 Layers
-Epicardium Layer-outsdie... -Myocardium- heart muscle... -Endocard…
37 terms
Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
Three types of blood vessels
Lumen
Arteries
Pulmonary trunk
Arteries, capillaries, veins
Central blood-containing space within blood vessels
Carry blood AWAY from the heart
Carries blood to the lungs
Three types of blood vessels
Arteries, capillaries, veins
Lumen
Central blood-containing space within blood vessels
52 terms
Bio & Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
Brachiocephalic Trunk
Closed looped systems
Subclavian artery
Axillary artery
Branch of the aortic arch that sends blood to the arm and head
Connect with each other
Goes under collar bone
Send blood to armpit
Brachiocephalic Trunk
Branch of the aortic arch that sends blood to the arm and head
Closed looped systems
Connect with each other
158 terms
Anatomy - Cardiovascular System
How many chambers does the heart have?
What is the size of the heart in cm?
Describe the location of the heart
Describe the location of the heart in…
4
14 cm long & 9 cm wide
Located within the mediastinum & rests on the diaphragm, slig…
The heart is laterally by the lungs
How many chambers does the heart have?
4
What is the size of the heart in cm?
14 cm long & 9 cm wide
21 terms
Anatomy of Cardiovascular System
Layers of the tissue in the heart
Function of the Pericardial Sac
Atrioventricular Valve
Tricuspid Valve
outer layer- epicardium ... middle layer- myocardium... inner layer…
provides protection against friction
- consists of three flaps... - two valves that separate the atri…
- consists of three flaps... -heart valve located between right…
Layers of the tissue in the heart
outer layer- epicardium ... middle layer- myocardium... inner layer…
Function of the Pericardial Sac
provides protection against friction
57 terms
Anatomy-Cardiovascular System
Transportation of O2, nutrients, cell…
Arteries, veins, capillaries
Arteries
Veins
Function
Blood Vessels
Take blood away from the heart
Bring blood to the heart
Transportation of O2, nutrients, cell…
Function
Arteries, veins, capillaries
Blood Vessels
126 terms
Cardiovascular System (Anatomy)
Functions of blood:
What does blood transport?
where are red blood cells stored?
baroreceptors monitor
transportation, regulation, protection
oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones, wastes, heat
the spleen
blood pressure
Functions of blood:
transportation, regulation, protection
What does blood transport?
oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, hormones, wastes, heat
70 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Cardiovascular System
How many liters are on average are in…
Lipid Profile includes
What is blood made up of and their per…
What is the matrix of the blood?
Average: 4-5 liters... Females: 4-5 liters... Males: 5-6 Liters
HDLs, LDLs, Cholesterol, Blood Glucose
Plasma (55%), Erythrocytes (45%), and WBCs/platelets (<1%)
Plasma
How many liters are on average are in…
Average: 4-5 liters... Females: 4-5 liters... Males: 5-6 Liters
Lipid Profile includes
HDLs, LDLs, Cholesterol, Blood Glucose
Cardiovascular System-Anatomy (H)
Thorax
Aorta
Right atrium
Atria
The heart is cone shaped muscular organ located within the
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the
Relative to the roles of the heart chambers, the ______ are r…
Thorax
The heart is cone shaped muscular organ located within the
Aorta
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
Anatomy- The Cardiovascular System
Mediastinum or Thorax
Diaphragm
2nd
Aorta
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ______
Its base is at the level of the _____ rib.
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
Mediastinum or Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Diaphragm
Its apex rests on the ______
49 terms
Anatomy Cardiovascular System
organs of the cardiovascular system
muscles/tissues of the cardiovascular…
function of the cardiovascular system
cardiac muscle characteristics
heart and blood vessels
-cardiac and smooth muscles... -connective tissues--especially b…
-heart pumps blood through blood vessels throughout the body…
-striated... -involuntary
organs of the cardiovascular system
heart and blood vessels
muscles/tissues of the cardiovascular…
-cardiac and smooth muscles... -connective tissues--especially b…
65 terms
Cardiovascular System- Anatomy
Thorax
diaphragm; second
aorta
Right atrium
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
The coronary arteries that nourish the myocardium arise from…
The coronary sinus empties into the ____.
Thorax
The heart is a cone-shaped muscular organ located within the_…
diaphragm; second
Its apex rests on the ____, and its base is at the level of t…
Anatomy: The Cardiovascular System
the heart is a muscle that pumps
the heart is located between
the heart is separated from other stru…
the heart sits in the
5.25 L of fluid per minute
lungs in a space called the mediastinum
pericardium- a tough membrane
pericardial cavity
the heart is a muscle that pumps
5.25 L of fluid per minute
the heart is located between
lungs in a space called the mediastinum
106 terms
Anatomy; Cardiovascular System
Location of heart
Size and shape of heart
Pericardium (pericardial sac)
Fibrous pericardium
behind sternum, in front of thoracic vertebrae; middle medias…
size of fist; apex is the pointed end
surrounds and protects the heart; has 2 layers
inelastic, loose-fitting sac around heart
Location of heart
behind sternum, in front of thoracic vertebrae; middle medias…
Size and shape of heart
size of fist; apex is the pointed end
Anatomy- cardiovascular system
circulatory system
heart
pericardium
epicardium
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels
Organ of the circulatory system that pumps the blood
Membrane that surrounds the heart
Thin layer of the pericardium that covers the surface of the…
circulatory system
Composed of the heart, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels
heart
Organ of the circulatory system that pumps the blood
anatomy heart (cardiovascular system)
aorta
apex
artery
atrioventricular node
Largest artery in the body
the highest point, tip
A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Located in the lower wall of the right atrium and sends an im…
aorta
Largest artery in the body
apex
the highest point, tip
19 terms
Anatomy and Physiology- Cardiovascular System
Parts of the cardiovascular System
Where is blood produced?
Plasma
Parts of plasma
~Heart... ~Blood... ~Blood vessels
Bone marrow
Liquid protein
~Water... ~Protein
Parts of the cardiovascular System
~Heart... ~Blood... ~Blood vessels
Where is blood produced?
Bone marrow
31 terms
Anatomy-Cardiovascular system vocabulary
Blood
Plasma
Interstitial fluid
Hematology
The fluid circulating through the heart, arteries, veins, and…
The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes…
Liquid found between the cells of the body that provides much…
The branch of medical science dealing with the blood and bloo…
Blood
The fluid circulating through the heart, arteries, veins, and…
Plasma
The liquid part of the blood and lymphatic fluid, which makes…
130 terms
Anatomy- Cardiovascular System
What is the function of the cardiovasc…
What is the location of the heart?
What is the orientation of the heart?
About how big is the size of the heart?
The function is to deliver oxygen and nutrients and to remove…
Thorax between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
-Pointed apex directed toward left hip... -Base points toward ri…
It's about the size of a fist
What is the function of the cardiovasc…
The function is to deliver oxygen and nutrients and to remove…
What is the location of the heart?
Thorax between the lungs in the inferior mediastinum
35 terms
ANATOMY Cardiovascular System
Which wall of heart is the thickest an…
Pace maker of the heart
systole (atrial systole)
ventricular systole
Left Ventricle has a thick myocardium because it needs to pum…
the SA node ( located in the right atrium), it creates electr…
contracting of the heart... the atria are contracting and pushin…
contracting of the ventricles pushing blood through the semil…
Which wall of heart is the thickest an…
Left Ventricle has a thick myocardium because it needs to pum…
Pace maker of the heart
the SA node ( located in the right atrium), it creates electr…
36 terms
Anatomy 2.3 The Cardiovascular System
*Objective 1.
Surgical reference points:
The circulatory system:
Functions:
• Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum including the surfa…
i. mid-sternal line -most common surgical entrance for heart…
Functions... Arterial system ... Venous system
i. Provides oxygen and a distribution network for nutrients,…
*Objective 1.
• Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum including the surfa…
Surgical reference points:
i. mid-sternal line -most common surgical entrance for heart…
8 terms
Anatomy Cardiovascular System
Chambers
Valves
Pulmonary valves and arteries
Three layers of the heart wall
Can also be known as cavities, each of the chambers is lined…
The heart is equipped with four valves, which allow blood to…
They control the blood flow.
Pericardium, fibrous pericardium, serous pericardium. The par…
Chambers
Can also be known as cavities, each of the chambers is lined…
Valves
The heart is equipped with four valves, which allow blood to…
76 terms
ANATOMY TEST: Cardiovascular System
1. Generating Blood pressure (moves bl…
The membrane enclosing the heart
Fibrous
Serous
Name the four functions of the heart
What is the pericardium?
What is the outer layer of the pericardium?
What is the inner layer of the pericardium?
1. Generating Blood pressure (moves bl…
Name the four functions of the heart
The membrane enclosing the heart
What is the pericardium?
66 terms
Anatomy - Circulatory/Cardiovascular System
Papillary Muscle
Coronary Sinus
Right Coronary Artery
Superior Vena Cava
Name the muscle lining the chamber
Papillary Muscle
Name the muscle lining the chamber
Coronary Sinus
25 terms
ANATOMY: Cardiovascular System part 1
Arteries and Veins
Cycles of Bloodflow
Components of Cardiovascular System
Plasma
Arteries: carry blood from the heart to the body... Veins: carry…
Pulmonary Cycle: circulates blood from the heart to the lungs…
1. Vehicle: a flowing/fluid medium (blood, lymph, cerebrospin…
-55% of total blood volume... -major constituent is water becaus…
Arteries and Veins
Arteries: carry blood from the heart to the body... Veins: carry…
Cycles of Bloodflow
Pulmonary Cycle: circulates blood from the heart to the lungs…
58 terms
cardiovascular system anatomy
functions of blood
formed elements of blood
what is the name of RBC formation?
where do blood cells form
protection, regulation, distribution
RBC, WBC, platelets
agglutination
bone marrow
functions of blood
protection, regulation, distribution
formed elements of blood
RBC, WBC, platelets
66 terms
Gross Anatomy of the Cardiovascular System
What is the mediastinum and what is in…
What is the pulmonary circuit?
What is the systemic circuit?
What is the coronary circuit?
-the region between the pleurae of the lungs and extends from…
-carries blood from the heart through the lungs to exchange g…
-supplies oxygenated blood to the entire body... -left side of h…
-a division of systemic circuit... -supplies blood to the heart…
What is the mediastinum and what is in…
-the region between the pleurae of the lungs and extends from…
What is the pulmonary circuit?
-carries blood from the heart through the lungs to exchange g…
66 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Apex
Base
Pericardium
...
...
...
...
Cardiovascular System
...
Apex
...
40 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Cardiovascular System
vascular resistance
ohm's law
F, P, R
pressure gradient
the force that opposes movement of blood
F= (P1-P2) / R
Flow, pressure gradient, vascular resistance
pressure exerted by blood against walls decreases as distance…
vascular resistance
the force that opposes movement of blood
ohm's law
F= (P1-P2) / R
64 terms
Animal Anatomy and Physiology - Cardiovascular System
The Heart
Arteries
Veins
Pulmonary Circulatory System
A four chambered pump
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Vessels that carry blood toward the heart
Circulation to the Lungs
The Heart
A four chambered pump
Arteries
Vessels that carry blood away from the heart
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Cardiovascular System
Thorax
Mediastinum
Heart location
Pericardium
Consists of thoracic cage, 2 plural cavities, heart, lungs, m…
Median region of the thorax, contains the heart
Anterior of mediastinum, superior surface of diaphragm, left…
Protective membrane around the heart, fibrous and serous
Thorax
Consists of thoracic cage, 2 plural cavities, heart, lungs, m…
Mediastinum
Median region of the thorax, contains the heart
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