Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

32 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
16 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
30 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
-All cell contents between plasma membrane and nucleus... -Site…
-Protein filaments... -Extend throughout cytosol... -Changeable and…
Nucleus
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Plasma membrane
Production of ribosomes
nucleus. Protects the DNA
Nuclear envelope
Identify the region of the cell.
What is the function of the cell structure shown here?
Identify the region of the cell. State the function.
Identify the blue layer.
Plasma membrane
Identify the region of the cell.
Production of ribosomes
What is the function of the cell structure shown here?
32 terms
The Cell: Anatomy
Cell
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Structural and functional unit of all living things
- Contains DNA... - Control center of the cell... -Synthesizes ribo…
- Expanded, thread-like form of DNA... - Composed of DNA and the…
Tightly coiled, rod-like for of DNA
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Nucleus
- Contains DNA... - Control center of the cell... -Synthesizes ribo…
52 terms
Anatomy-Cells
Cytology
Cells
Two main parts of a cell
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
The study of cells
Vary in size and structure
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Encloses the cell ; semipermeable
Cytology
The study of cells
Cells
Vary in size and structure
23 terms
Cell anatomy
All living things are made of one or m…
Cells are the basic unit of __________…
Cells are produced only from what?
Cytoplasm
Cells
Structure, function
Pre existing cells
-Jelly like substance inside the cell.... -The cite of many chem…
All living things are made of one or m…
Cells
Cells are the basic unit of __________…
Structure, function
61 terms
Anatomy- Cells
Organelles
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell Membrane
General term for specialized structure within cells which per…
Contains the cell's genetic material and controls the cell
Substance that contains organelles
Encloses the cytoplasm
Organelles
General term for specialized structure within cells which per…
Nucleus
Contains the cell's genetic material and controls the cell
43 terms
Cell Anatomy
Organelle
Plasma Membrane
Phospholipid
Chromatin
little organ
flexible, elastic barrier that surrounds the internal structu…
composed of two hydrophobic fatty acids attached to a hydroph…
threadlike granules dispersed throughout the nucleus; compose…
Organelle
little organ
Plasma Membrane
flexible, elastic barrier that surrounds the internal structu…
25 terms
Anatomy Cells
Hypertonic
Exocytosis
Lysosomes
Rough ER
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
Enzymes help breakdown foreign particles and worn out cell pa…
Transport channels studded with ribosomes
Hypertonic
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Exocytosis
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
14 terms
Anatomy Animal Cell Anatomy
Mitochondria
Centrioles
Ribosome
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Structure:... double membrane; has its own DNA.... Function:... *Pr…
Structure & Function: ... *Help in the formation of the spindle…
Structure:... Has its own DNA (rDNA)... Function:... *Translates mR…
Structure:... Surrounded by ribosomes.... Function:... *Export the…
Mitochondria
Structure:... double membrane; has its own DNA.... Function:... *Pr…
Centrioles
Structure & Function: ... *Help in the formation of the spindle…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
The Cell: Anatomy
Cell
Nucleus
Chromatin
Chromosomes
Structural and functional unit of all living things
- Contains DNA... - Control center of the cell... -Synthesizes ribo…
- Expanded, thread-like form of DNA... - Composed of DNA and the…
Tightly coiled, rod-like for of DNA
Cell
Structural and functional unit of all living things
Nucleus
- Contains DNA... - Control center of the cell... -Synthesizes ribo…
CHP 3 - Cell Anatomy
Cells
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell
Nucleus
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things
States that 1) the cell is the smallest unit of life; 2) all…
Used to describe the basic structures and functions that all…
The gene-containing control center in the center of the cell;…
Cells
The basic structural and functional unit of all living things
Cell Theory
States that 1) the cell is the smallest unit of life; 2) all…
29 terms
Anatomy- CELLS
DNA
What are glycerides classified as?
What elements are carbohydrates compos…
Carbohydrates serve as a source of____
the cell's key information-carrying molecules
lipids
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
energy
DNA
the cell's key information-carrying molecules
What are glycerides classified as?
lipids
15 terms
anatomy cells
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Regulates transport of substances into and out of the cell.
Provides an organized watery environment in which life functi…
Serves as the "brain" for the control of the cell's metabolic…
Functions as a reservoir for RNA.
Cell membrane
Regulates transport of substances into and out of the cell.
Cytoplasm
Provides an organized watery environment in which life functi…
Cell Anatomy
Ribosome
Peroxisome
Chromatin
Cytosol
Make proteins. Connect amino acids one at a time.
Detoxify toxins. Include enzymes
Holds DNA, RNA to make chromosomes.
Water-soluble portion of cytoplasm.
Ribosome
Make proteins. Connect amino acids one at a time.
Peroxisome
Detoxify toxins. Include enzymes
18 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleus
Nucleolus
20 terms
Cell Anatomy and Cell Cycle
Plasma membrane
Peroxisome
Cytoskeleton
Lysosome
Not shown here but in the membrane - a component of the membr…
Plasma membrane
Peroxisome
30 terms
Cells ( Anatomy & Physiology)
Cells
Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Basic unit of life
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
Controlling center of the cell
Double membrane, selectively permeable with nuclear pores
Cells
Basic unit of life
Tissues
A groups of similar cells that perform a specific function in…
21 terms
Cell Anatomy
Centrioles
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
The aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
The material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
Centrioles
Cytosol
The aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within whic…
25 terms
Anatomy Cells
Epithelial Tissue
Excretion
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
found throughout the majority of the body, covers all the bod…
getting rid of waste
single layer of thin, flattened cells. Nuclei are broad and t…
a single layer of cubed shaped cells. Nuclei are usually cent…
Epithelial Tissue
found throughout the majority of the body, covers all the bod…
Excretion
getting rid of waste
10 terms
Anatomy-Cells
Anatomy
Cell
Protoplasm
Nucleus
Study of the structure of the human body.
Basic unit of all living things
Cells of all living things
Dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the human body.
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
40 terms
Anatomy cells
More concentration of solutes
Less concentration of solutes
Equal concentration of solutes
The fluid between your cells/outside c…
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
Interstitial fluid
More concentration of solutes
Hypertonic
Less concentration of solutes
Hypotonic
Anatomy: Cells
Cells
Enzyme
Catalysts
2 major Metabolic Reactions
sites of metabolic reactions... many reactions occur with cells…
a protein that promotes chemical reactions like metabolism
Enzymes that speed up rate of metabolic reactions
Anabolism... Catabolism
Cells
sites of metabolic reactions... many reactions occur with cells…
Enzyme
a protein that promotes chemical reactions like metabolism
87 terms
Anatomy: Cells
Robert Hooke's cell theory
Cells
Sex cells (germ cells)
Oocyte
-cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... -all…
smallest units that perform all vital physiological functions
-reproductive cells... -male sperm... -female oocyte
a cell that develops into an egg
Robert Hooke's cell theory
-cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... -all…
Cells
smallest units that perform all vital physiological functions
47 terms
Cell Anatomy
Four concepts of cell theory
Most cells are composed of 4 elements:
Most cells have 3 main regions:
The Nucleus
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
1. Nucleus... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Plasma Membrane
-control center of the cell... -contains genetic material known…
Four concepts of cell theory
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
Most cells are composed of 4 elements:
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
56 terms
Cells - Anatomy
integral proteins are embedded in memb…
clathrin
endocytosis
phagocytosis
difference between integral & peripheral proteins in plasma m…
a protein that causes bending of the cell membrane in order f…
process in which a cell engulfs extracellular material throug…
a type of endocytosis - a cell engulfs large particles or who…
integral proteins are embedded in memb…
difference between integral & peripheral proteins in plasma m…
clathrin
a protein that causes bending of the cell membrane in order f…
12 terms
Anatomy Cells
Nucleus
Cytoskeletom
cytoplasm
Mitochondria
the positively charged central core of an atom, consisting of…
a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Nucleus
the positively charged central core of an atom, consisting of…
Cytoskeletom
a microscopic network of protein filaments and tubules in the…
63 terms
Anatomy - Cells
extracellular fluid, extracellular mat…
extracellular fluid
extracellular matrix
collagen
the two components of space in-between cells
space in between cells; mostly water
space in between cells; solid or gel-like materials that hold…
what makes up a lot of the extracellular matrix
extracellular fluid, extracellular mat…
the two components of space in-between cells
extracellular fluid
space in between cells; mostly water
47 terms
Cell: Anatomy
Nucleus
chromatin
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Controls the whole cell
DNA + protein (code)
assistant to the nucleus, makes ribosomes
gel-like substance holds all organelles in place
Nucleus
Controls the whole cell
chromatin
DNA + protein (code)
Anatomy Cells
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Cytosol
When the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loosel…
The nucleus also contains one or more small round bodies, com…
No ribosomes -Involved in lipid metabolism, steroid synthesis…
Semitransparent fluid substance in which other things are sus…
Chromatin
When the cell is not dividing, the genetic material is loosel…
Nucleolus
The nucleus also contains one or more small round bodies, com…
18 terms
Cell Anatomy
Intercellular
Non-Gated ion channel
phospholipid
diffusion
this term refers to substances BETWEEN cells
ion channel that is always open
the predominant lipid of the plasma membrane; forms a double…
tendency for solutes to move from an area of higher concentra…
Intercellular
this term refers to substances BETWEEN cells
Non-Gated ion channel
ion channel that is always open
33 terms
Anatomy: Cells
nucleolus
microvilli
Lysosomes
Cytoplasm
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Fingerlike extensions of the plasma membrane for more efficie…
Contain digestive enzymes... Uses chemicals to break down food a…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
nucleolus
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
microvilli
Fingerlike extensions of the plasma membrane for more efficie…
22 terms
Anatomy-Cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm(cytosol)
cytoskeleton
microfilaments
phospholipids & proteins, nutrients pass through to reach cel…
a fluid that distributes materials & is the center of metabol…
internal protein framework, complex contraction in muscle cel…
involved in producing changes in cell types, a small rodlike…
cell membrane
phospholipids & proteins, nutrients pass through to reach cel…
cytoplasm(cytosol)
a fluid that distributes materials & is the center of metabol…
21 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Anatomy- Cells
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
16 terms
Anatomy of the Cell
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Contains DNA.
Membrane around nucleus.
Area in nucleus.
Unwound DNA inside nucleus.
Nucleus
Contains DNA.
Nuclear Envelope
Membrane around nucleus.
22 terms
Cell - Anatomy
ORGANELLE
CELL
MICROVILLI
INCLUSIONS
Metabolic machinary of cells - work together for cellular fun…
Structural & Functional unit of all living things.
Slender extensions of the plasma membrane that increase its s…
Stored glycogen granules, crystals, and pigments.
ORGANELLE
Metabolic machinary of cells - work together for cellular fun…
CELL
Structural & Functional unit of all living things.
21 terms
Cell Anatomy
cell wall
plasma/ cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
gives structure and protection
controls what goes in and out of cell
holds organelles and place for chemical reactions
tells cells what to do through DNA... communicates with cytosol
cell wall
gives structure and protection
plasma/ cell membrane
controls what goes in and out of cell
Anatomy cells
Adipose
Tendon
Muscle
Giant multipolar neuron
(Old microscope)
(Old microscope)
Adipose
Tendon
(Old microscope)
20 terms
Anatomy Cells
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
ribosomes
Cell border; selective passage into and out of cell; location…
Storage of genetic information; control center of cell; cell…
Ribosomal formation
Protein synthesis
Plasma Membrane
Cell border; selective passage into and out of cell; location…
Nucleus
Storage of genetic information; control center of cell; cell…
Anatomy of the Cell
Plasmalemma (function)
Cytosol (function)
Cytoskeleton (function)
Microvilli (function)
Isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
Distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
Strength and support; movement of cellular structures and mat…
Increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellul…
Plasmalemma (function)
Isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
Cytosol (function)
Distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
Anatomy Cells
Skeletal Muscle... Contracts... Muscle
Cardiac Muscle... Heart... Muscle... Movement
Smooth... Muscle... Contracts
Dense Regular... Tendon... Connective... Support
Skeletal Muscle... Contracts... Muscle
Cardiac Muscle... Heart... Muscle... Movement
Anatomy- Cells
3 parts of the cell theory
What is the function of the cell membr…
What is the cell membrane made of?
What purpose does cholesterol have in…
1. Cells come from preexisting cells 2. Living things are mad…
Acts as a boundary, it is selectively permeable
primarily phospholipids, some cholesterol and proteins
keeps the membrane fluid
3 parts of the cell theory
1. Cells come from preexisting cells 2. Living things are mad…
What is the function of the cell membr…
Acts as a boundary, it is selectively permeable
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cilia
Mitochondria
Lysosomes
This membranous organelle is the largest organelle of the cel…
This is a series of long plasma membrane extensions that have…
This double-membranous organelle is responsible for the produ…
These membrane-bound vesicles are produced by the Golgi Appar…
Nucleus
This membranous organelle is the largest organelle of the cel…
Cilia
This is a series of long plasma membrane extensions that have…
Anatomy Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Houses genetic material and control various tasks of the cell
Makes ribosomes
contains Bound ribosomes, sythesis protiens for transport and…
no ribosomes, produces lipids and steriods and detoxifies mat…
Nucleus
Houses genetic material and control various tasks of the cell
Nucleolus
Makes ribosomes
13 terms
Anatomy: Cell
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
mitochondria
protection, 'gate keeper'
contains DNA, stores genetic information
concentrated DNA, tightly packed
ATP energy used for body, 'power house'
cell membrane
protection, 'gate keeper'
nucleus
contains DNA, stores genetic information
23 terms
Cell Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
microvili
Cytoplasm
cytosol
Selectively permeable lipid bilayer that contains microvilli
extensions of P.M that function in the absorption and secreti…
Cellular contents (Cytosol & Organelles) between P.M and nucl…
liquid portion of Cytoplasm; intracellular fluid
Plasma Membrane
Selectively permeable lipid bilayer that contains microvilli
microvili
extensions of P.M that function in the absorption and secreti…
Anatomy: Cells
endoplasmic reticulum
cytoplasm
flagella
golgi apparatus
rough er- studded with ribosomes, where proteins are made... smo…
flows intracellular liquid, provides support for cell
tail-like projection, 1 per cell, aid in cell locomotion
stack of flattened sacs that package proteins
endoplasmic reticulum
rough er- studded with ribosomes, where proteins are made... smo…
cytoplasm
flows intracellular liquid, provides support for cell
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