Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

16 terms
Anatomy of the cell
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytosol
extracellular fluid
microvilli
isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
strength and support; movement of cellular structures and mat…
increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellul…
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
cytosol
distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
18 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Nuclear Pore
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA which has information…
Surrounds the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and provides this c…
Assembles ribosomal subunits in eukaryotic cells.
Regulates the transportation of molecules between the nucleus…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA which has information…
Nuclear Envelope
Surrounds the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and provides this c…
19 terms
Cell anatomy
Cilia
Cytosol
Centriole
Mitochondrion
The string looking part of the cell
The wall of the inner part of the cell
The tube looking structures
Cilia
The string looking part of the cell
Cytosol
The wall of the inner part of the cell
23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
33 terms
Anatomy Cells
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
layer around cell that holds structure and allows for materia…
Material outside the nucleus and inside the membrane
"power house" of the cell
Made of protein and DNA. Found in RER and free in cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
layer around cell that holds structure and allows for materia…
Cytoplasm
Material outside the nucleus and inside the membrane
36 terms
Anatomy of the Cell
chromatin
chromatin
when the cell is in the process of div…
chromosomes
threadlike form (when the cell is not dividing the genetic ma…
function of chromatin
dense rod like bodies (condensed/coiled chromatin)
chromatin
threadlike form (when the cell is not dividing the genetic ma…
chromatin
20 terms
Master Cell Anatomy and Mitosis
Cytosol
Ribosomes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Identify the structure indicated by the arrow.
Identify the structures indicated by the arrows.
Identify the structure indicated by the arrow.
Identify the structure indicated by the arrow.
Cytosol
Identify the structure indicated by the arrow.
Ribosomes
Identify the structures indicated by the arrows.
34 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell
Cell Function
Nucleus
Chromatin/chromosomes
The structural and functional unit of all living things.
-Maintain boundaries... -metabolize... -digest nutrients... -dispose w…
Contains genetic material, DNA, sections which are called "ge…
Genetic material that coils and condenses forming rodlike bod…
Cell
The structural and functional unit of all living things.
Cell Function
-Maintain boundaries... -metabolize... -digest nutrients... -dispose w…
Anatomy of the Cell
organelle
nuclear membrane
cell membrane
endoplasmic reticulum
A subunit within a cell that has a specialized function.
a membrane that envelopes the nucleus and separates it from t…
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and…
organelle
A subunit within a cell that has a specialized function.
nuclear membrane
a membrane that envelopes the nucleus and separates it from t…
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cleavage Furrow
Nucleolus
Sister chromatids
Which phase is not considered to be pa…
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Two identical chromosome strands attached at the centromere
Interphase
Cleavage Furrow
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Nucleolus
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Anatomy of the Cell
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Nuclear Pore
- Membrane around nucleus... - DNA cannot cross it
- Area in the nucleus... - Site of rRNA synthesis
- Unwound DNA inside nucleus
- Opening in nuclear envelope ... - Allowed mRNA out of nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
- Membrane around nucleus... - DNA cannot cross it
Nucleolus
- Area in the nucleus... - Site of rRNA synthesis
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Organelles
Nucelus
outer protective layer of the cell
semi fluid inside the cell, but outside the nucleus
structures that help the cell function
the "brain" of the cell
Cell membrane
outer protective layer of the cell
Cytoplasm
semi fluid inside the cell, but outside the nucleus
34 terms
Anatomy(cells)
Cells
BODY IS MADE OF ____ OF CELLS
Three parts of a generalized cell:
Membrane
basic living, structural, functional unit of human body.
Trillions
Membrane, Nucleus, Cytoplasm
outer boundary of the cell
Cells
basic living, structural, functional unit of human body.
BODY IS MADE OF ____ OF CELLS
Trillions
Anatomy Cells
Bone Cells
Areolar
Areolar (Example 2)
Neuron
Parts:... -Central Canal... -Osteocytes in Lacuna... -Canaliculi... dash…
hair like fibers... round circles are fibrocytes or mast cells... F…
hair-like strands of fibers... fiber matrix
Soma... Extension = Axon and Dendrites... Little dots = Glial Cells
Bone Cells
Parts:... -Central Canal... -Osteocytes in Lacuna... -Canaliculi... dash…
Areolar
hair like fibers... round circles are fibrocytes or mast cells... F…
27 terms
Anatomy of the Cell
Organelles
Prokaryotic Cell
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell membrane
Internal substructures of the cell ("little organs")
Lacks a nucleus and most organelles (bacteria)
Contains a nucleus and organelles (plants, animals, fungi)
Semipermeable membrane surrounding the cell
Organelles
Internal substructures of the cell ("little organs")
Prokaryotic Cell
Lacks a nucleus and most organelles (bacteria)
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
cell theory 1
cell theory 2
cell theory 3
plasma membrane
all living things are composed of cells
all cells come from preexisting cells
cells are the smallest living unit that perform physiological…
phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
cell theory 1
all living things are composed of cells
cell theory 2
all cells come from preexisting cells
34 terms
Anatomy of the Cell & Cell Division
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cytosol
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Plasma Membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
24 terms
Cell: Anatomy and Divison
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Golgi Apparatus
Lysosomes
Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein; floating f…
Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout cytoplas…
Stack of flatted sacs with bulbous ends and associated small…
Various-sized membranous sacs containing digestive enzymes in…
Ribosomes
Tiny spherical bodies composed of RNA and protein; floating f…
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Membranous system of tubules that extends throughout cytoplas…
19 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cytosol
Cell Membrane
Cell membrane phosphates
Cell membrane lipids
fluid inside cell
is a phospholipid bylayer with phosphates, lipids, and carboh…
are on the outside of the membrane due to polarity of water
are in the middle of the membrane
Cytosol
fluid inside cell
Cell Membrane
is a phospholipid bylayer with phosphates, lipids, and carboh…
15 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Organelles
Cell Membrane
Nuclear Membrane
Nucleolus
"Little Organs"; the collection of membrane-bound functional…
The limiting lipoprotein membrane of the cell. retains intern…
porous, limiting lipoprotein membrane; regulates passage of m…
a mass of largely RNA; it forms ribosomal RNA (RNAr) that pas…
Cell Organelles
"Little Organs"; the collection of membrane-bound functional…
Cell Membrane
The limiting lipoprotein membrane of the cell. retains intern…
39 terms
Cell anatomy and
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Surrounds cell,separates outside from inside
Interior of a cell, semi fluid matrix
The cells coordination center. Houses the DNA and RNA or gene…
Powerhouse, makes APT
Plasma membrane
Surrounds cell,separates outside from inside
Cytoplasm
Interior of a cell, semi fluid matrix
33 terms
ANATOMY CELL
plasma membrane
structure of plasma membrane
proteins
glycoproteins
cell membrane =... surrounds cell and gives it form
2 layers of phospholipids with proteins scattered throughout
in membrane or "float" on surface
proteins with carbohydrates attached
plasma membrane
cell membrane =... surrounds cell and gives it form
structure of plasma membrane
2 layers of phospholipids with proteins scattered throughout
61 terms
Cell Anatomy
Interstitial Fliud
ECF (Extra Cellular Fluid)
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Appearance: fluid ... Location: outside the cell
Appearance: the fluid that surrounds the cell ... Location: outs…
Appearance: semi-fluid intercellular fluid within and of cyto…
Appearance: contents of cell between plasma membrane and nucl…
Interstitial Fliud
Appearance: fluid ... Location: outside the cell
ECF (Extra Cellular Fluid)
Appearance: the fluid that surrounds the cell ... Location: outs…
16 terms
Cells- Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
58 terms
Cell anatomy
Cell membrane
Nuclear envelope
Nucleus
Chromatin
Blue
Cell membrane
Nuclear envelope
cell anatomy
cytosol
peroxisome
centrioles
cytoskeleton
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
vesicle or small vacuole containing digestive enzmes
part of larger centrosome, responsible for directing many asp…
network of protein fibers/tubules that supports the cell
cytosol
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
peroxisome
vesicle or small vacuole containing digestive enzmes
Cell Anatomy
Cell
Organelle
Plasma Membrane
Lysosomes
The structural & functional unit of all living things.
"Small organs"- Metabolic machinery of the cell organized to…
External boundary of cell; regulates flow of materials into &…
Contains digestive enzymes of many varieties; "suicide sac" o…
Cell
The structural & functional unit of all living things.
Organelle
"Small organs"- Metabolic machinery of the cell organized to…
50 terms
Anatomy-Cells
Cytology
Cells
Two main parts of a cell
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
The study of cells
Vary in size and structure
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Encloses the cell ; semipermeable
Cytology
The study of cells
Cells
Vary in size and structure
Anatomy: Cell
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
Encloses the cell separating the environment and the cell.
Region that contains all materials between nucleus and plasma…
Intracellular fluid: within the cell.
Microscopic structures that carry out function within cell.
plasma membrane
Encloses the cell separating the environment and the cell.
cytoplasm
Region that contains all materials between nucleus and plasma…
32 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
18 terms
Cell anatomy
Plasma Membrane
lysosome
nuclear envelope
vacuole
Plasma Membrane
lysosome
25 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Golgi Apparatus
Multi-Cellular
The fluid inside a cell
The control center of a cell
Cells that modifies, packages, and transports materials out o…
Describes and organism that can exist only as a group of cells
Cytoplasm
The fluid inside a cell
Nucleus
The control center of a cell
36 terms
Anatomy Cells
- cells -
gene expression
cell division + reproduction
- cell structure -
- cells -
DNA in human cells with 46 molecules and 1 instruction
accurately make more of the same kind of cell
- cell structure -
- cells -
- cells -
gene expression
DNA in human cells with 46 molecules and 1 instruction
Anatomy: Cells
Cell theory
Organismal functions depend on
3 Basic parts of a human cell
Plasma Membrane
-Smallest living structure
Individual and collective cell functions
Plasma Membrane... Cytoplasm... Nucleus
Biomolecular layer of lipids and proteins in a fluid sac. Sep…
Cell theory
-Smallest living structure
Organismal functions depend on
Individual and collective cell functions
Anatomy- Cells
Nucleus
Cytoskeleton
Lysosome
Nucleolus
Houses genetic material
Holds cell together
Breaks things down
Ribosomes form
Nucleus
Houses genetic material
Cytoskeleton
Holds cell together
Cell Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
Lysosomes
Nuclear Envelope
Vacuole
Center of Diagram
Plasma Membrane
Lysosomes
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Gel-like material that holds organelles.
Outside of the cell
Directs cell activity
Makes ribosomes
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Gel-like material that holds organelles.
Cytoplasm
Outside of the cell
Cell membrane
52 terms
Anatomy-Cells
Cytology
Cells
Two main parts of a cell
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
The study of cells
Vary in size and structure
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Encloses the cell ; semipermeable
Cytology
The study of cells
Cells
Vary in size and structure
Cell anatomy
Cell
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Functional unit of all life
Phospholipid bilayer surrounding cell, proteins are embedded
Brain of the cell, dense spherical body usually in the center…
Clear area between cell membrane and nucleus
Cell
Functional unit of all life
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid bilayer surrounding cell, proteins are embedded
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
34 terms
Anatomy: Cells
Cell (plasma) Membrane or plasmalemma
Cytosol
Organelles (little organs)
Nucleus
a selectively permeable barrier between inside... (intracellular…
jellylike, fluid-containing part of the cytoplasm in which ot…
subunits of cells that compartmentalize a cell's biochemical…
controls cellular activities and houses the cell's genetic ma…
Cell (plasma) Membrane or plasmalemma
a selectively permeable barrier between inside... (intracellular…
Cytosol
jellylike, fluid-containing part of the cytoplasm in which ot…
Anatomy of a cell
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
nucleoplasm
nucleoli
control center of the cell
double membrane barrier that binds the nucleus
jellylike fluid enclosed in the membrane
sites where ribosomes are assembled
Nucleus
control center of the cell
Nuclear envelope
double membrane barrier that binds the nucleus
Anatomy: Cells
cell
tissues
3 main regions of a cell
nucleus
the building blocks of all living things
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
nucleus, cytoplasm, plasma membrane
control center of the cell, contains DNA
cell
the building blocks of all living things
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
16 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
33 terms
Cell anatomy
Cell theory
Levels of Organization
Characteristics of Life
Nucleus
-All living things are composed of cells ... -all cells come fro…
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
1. Cellular organization... 2. Metabolism... 3. Homostasis... 4. Growt…
location varies, contains chromatin within a nuclear membrane…
Cell theory
-All living things are composed of cells ... -all cells come fro…
Levels of Organization
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism (CC…
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cell Membrane
Cytoplasm
Found in:Plants and animals... Job: Contains most of cell's gene…
Found in:Plants and animals... Job: It organizes the DNA (materi…
Found in: Plants and animals... Job: It controls the movement of…
Found in:Plants and animals... Job:It contains all of the cell o…
Nucleus
Found in:Plants and animals... Job: Contains most of cell's gene…
Nucleolus
Found in:Plants and animals... Job: It organizes the DNA (materi…
38 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Peroxisome
Lysosome
Microvilli
the material located between the plasma membrane and the memb…
breakdown of organic compounds; neutralization of toxic compo…
breakdown of organic compounds and damaged organelles or path…
increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellul…
Cytoplasm
the material located between the plasma membrane and the memb…
Peroxisome
breakdown of organic compounds; neutralization of toxic compo…
Cell anatomy
Centrosome & Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Plasma membrane
Microvilli
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division; o…
Strength & support; movement of cellular structures and mater…
Isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; controls entry a…
Increases surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellu…
Centrosome & Centrioles
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division; o…
Cytoskeleton
Strength & support; movement of cellular structures and mater…
32 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Cell Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Nuclear membrane
Nucleolus
A gel- like substance composed mainly of water that also cont…
A double bound structure containing the cell's genetic inform…
A double bound structure that creates a boundary between the…
A dense region were ribosomes are synthesized
Cytoplasm
A gel- like substance composed mainly of water that also cont…
Nucleus
A double bound structure containing the cell's genetic inform…
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