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Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

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Study sets matching "anatomy cells"

22 terms
Cell - Anatomy
ORGANELLE
CELL
MICROVILLI
INCLUSIONS
Metabolic machinary of cells - work together for cellular fun…
Structural & Functional unit of all living things.
Slender extensions of the plasma membrane that increase its s…
Stored glycogen granules, crystals, and pigments.
ORGANELLE
Metabolic machinary of cells - work together for cellular fun…
CELL
Structural & Functional unit of all living things.
13 terms
Anatomy: Cell
cell membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
mitochondria
protection, 'gate keeper'
contains DNA, stores genetic information
concentrated DNA, tightly packed
ATP energy used for body, 'power house'
cell membrane
protection, 'gate keeper'
nucleus
contains DNA, stores genetic information
22 terms
Cell Anatomy
plasma membrane
microvilli (part of the plasma membrane)
cytoplasm
cytosol (part of the cytoplasm)
lipid bilayer surrounding the cell; selectively permeable: al…
extensions of the plasma membrane that function in the absorp…
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
the liquid portion; intracellular fluid
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer surrounding the cell; selectively permeable: al…
microvilli (part of the plasma membrane)
extensions of the plasma membrane that function in the absorp…
30 terms
Anatomy Cell
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Houses genetic material and control various tasks of the cell
Makes ribosomes
contains Bound ribosomes, sythesis protiens for transport and…
no ribosomes, produces lipids and steriods and detoxifies mat…
Nucleus
Houses genetic material and control various tasks of the cell
Nucleolus
Makes ribosomes
18 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Nuclear Pore
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA which has information…
Surrounds the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and provides this c…
Assembles ribosomal subunits in eukaryotic cells.
Regulates the transportation of molecules between the nucleus…
Nucleus
Control center of the cell... Contains DNA which has information…
Nuclear Envelope
Surrounds the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and provides this c…
16 terms
Anatomy of the cell
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytosol
extracellular fluid
microvilli
isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
strength and support; movement of cellular structures and mat…
increase surface area to facilitate absorption of extracellul…
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
isolation; protection; sensitivity; support; control of entra…
cytosol
distributes materials by diffusion; stores glycogen, pigments…
23 terms
Cell Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
microvili
Cytoplasm
cytosol
Selectively permeable lipid bilayer that contains microvilli
extensions of P.M that function in the absorption and secreti…
Cellular contents (Cytosol & Organelles) between P.M and nucl…
liquid portion of Cytoplasm; intracellular fluid
Plasma Membrane
Selectively permeable lipid bilayer that contains microvilli
microvili
extensions of P.M that function in the absorption and secreti…
Anatomy of a Cell
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
Nucleolus
Flagellum
Nuclear Envelope
Chromatin
23 terms
Human Anatomy- The Cell Anatomy
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
elaborate internal network of protein rods spanning through t…
anything inside the cell including: organelles, membranes, etc.
Anatomy of a cell
Plasma Lemma
cell membrane, lipid bilayer, surrounds the cell, outermost p…
36 terms
Anatomy of the Cell
chromatin
chromatin
when the cell is in the process of div…
chromosomes
threadlike form (when the cell is not dividing the genetic ma…
function of chromatin
dense rod like bodies (condensed/coiled chromatin)
chromatin
threadlike form (when the cell is not dividing the genetic ma…
chromatin
16 terms
Anatomy of the Cell
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleolus
Chromatin
Nuclear Pore
- Membrane around nucleus... - DNA cannot cross it
- Area in the nucleus... - Site of rRNA synthesis
- Unwound DNA inside nucleus
- Opening in nuclear envelope ... - Allowed mRNA out of nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
- Membrane around nucleus... - DNA cannot cross it
Nucleolus
- Area in the nucleus... - Site of rRNA synthesis
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
Cleavage Furrow
Nucleolus
Sister chromatids
Which phase is not considered to be pa…
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
Two identical chromosome strands attached at the centromere
Interphase
Cleavage Furrow
Invagination of the plasma membrane, which marks the start of…
Nucleolus
Where the large and small subunits of a ribosome are produced…
46 terms
Anatomy of the Cell and Cell Division
cell theory 1
cell theory 2
cell theory 3
plasma membrane
all living things are composed of cells
all cells come from preexisting cells
cells are the smallest living unit that perform physiological…
phospholipid bilayer that separates the extracellular fluid f…
cell theory 1
all living things are composed of cells
cell theory 2
all cells come from preexisting cells
35 terms
Cell Anatomy
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell Theory
If cells are too large, what happens?
Single strand of DNA that floats freely in the cytoplasm
Distinct membrane-bound nucleus that contains chromosomes
Is one of the basic principles of biology
They can not take in enough nutrients to feed themselves
Prokaryotes
Single strand of DNA that floats freely in the cytoplasm
Eukaryotes
Distinct membrane-bound nucleus that contains chromosomes
47 terms
Cell: Anatomy
Nucleus
chromatin
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Controls the whole cell
DNA + protein (code)
assistant to the nucleus, makes ribosomes
gel-like substance holds all organelles in place
Nucleus
Controls the whole cell
chromatin
DNA + protein (code)
lecture2: Anatomy of the Cell
Who was Robert Hooke?
Why are cells called cells?
What are the 5 statements discussed in…
What is the Plasma Membrane?
Robert Hooke was the British scientist that described the cel…
Hooke examined a thin slice of three cork with a microscope a…
1- All plants and animals are composed of cells... 2- all cells…
(aka cell membrane)... Outer boundary of the cell, which separat…
Who was Robert Hooke?
Robert Hooke was the British scientist that described the cel…
Why are cells called cells?
Hooke examined a thin slice of three cork with a microscope a…
Anatomy of Cells
Simple Cubodial Epithelium
Simple Non-Cilated Columnar Epithelium
Stratifed Sqaumous Epithelium
Transitional Epithelium
Simple Cubodial Epithelium
Simple Non-Cilated Columnar Epithelium
16 terms
Cell Anatomy
mitochondria
ribosomes
golgi apparatus
cytoskeleton
produces energy through cellular respiration
site of protein synthesis
modifies and packages proteins
support structures composed of microfilaments and microtubules
mitochondria
produces energy through cellular respiration
ribosomes
site of protein synthesis
14 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Wall
Golgi Body
Cell Membrane
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
found in PLANT+BACTERIA: shapes, supports, and structures the…
found in PLANT+ANIMAL: collects and packages substances made…
found in ALL CELLS: regulates cell process by controlling wha…
found in PLANT+ANIMAL: Uses ribosomes to create proteins/lipi…
Cell Wall
found in PLANT+BACTERIA: shapes, supports, and structures the…
Golgi Body
found in PLANT+ANIMAL: collects and packages substances made…
12 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
DNA/ Chromosomes
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
Ribosomes
The control room of the cell
The factory manager of the cell
The assembly line of the cell
The assembly line workers of the cell
Nucleus
The control room of the cell
DNA/ Chromosomes
The factory manager of the cell
46 terms
Anatomy Cells
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
compact bone
simple ciliated columnar epithelium
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
15 terms
Anatomy - Cells
cells
Protoplasm - structure of cells
Nucleus (an organelle, which is a smal…
Nucleoplasm (within the Nucleus)- stru…
Basic unit of life
colorless jellylike substance in which food elements (protein…
most cells contain. Is the dense, active protoplasm found in…
fluid contains proteins, & deoxyribonucleica acid (DNA, genet…
cells
Basic unit of life
Protoplasm - structure of cells
colorless jellylike substance in which food elements (protein…
15 terms
Cell anatomy
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Cell membrane
Cytoplasm
20 terms
Cell Anatomy
organism
cell
unicellular
multicellular
a living thing
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
made of a single cell
consisting of many cells
organism
a living thing
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
16 terms
Cells- Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
A membrane-bound organelle in the cell that contains DNA.
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids and carbohydrates and…
Cell Membrane
A thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer of cellulose material that surrounds the cell m…
18 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell wall
cytoplasm
Mitochondria
controls what comes in and out of cell
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
Produces the energy a cell needs to carry out its function
Cell Membrane
controls what comes in and out of cell
Cell wall
Rigid outer layer of a plant cell
58 terms
Cell anatomy
Cell membrane
Nuclear envelope
Nucleus
Chromatin
Blue
Cell membrane
Nuclear envelope
22 terms
Cell Anatomy
cell membrane
nucleoplasm
mitochondria
lysosome
protective layer around all cells made up of protein and phos…
plasma which fills and gives shape to the nucleus. Suspends s…
Releases energy to the cell through cellular respiration.... a…
Break down food molecules, cell wastes, and ... worn out cell pa…
cell membrane
protective layer around all cells made up of protein and phos…
nucleoplasm
plasma which fills and gives shape to the nucleus. Suspends s…
11 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Cell membrane
Mitochondria
Houses genetic material of the cell
Jellylike and holds organelles in place
Protects the cell and controls what goes in and out of the ce…
Where most energy is released by the respiration, "powerhouse…
Nucleus
Houses genetic material of the cell
Cytoplasm
Jellylike and holds organelles in place
21 terms
Cell Anatomy
cell wall
plasma/ cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
gives structure and protection
controls what goes in and out of cell
holds organelles and place for chemical reactions
tells cells what to do through DNA... communicates with cytosol
cell wall
gives structure and protection
plasma/ cell membrane
controls what goes in and out of cell
49 terms
Anatomy Cells
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Prophase
14 terms
anatomy cells
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
Pseudostratified
kidney
nuclei
lines organs and digestive tracts
organs
simple squamous
kidney
simple cuboidal
nuclei
11 terms
Cell Anatomy
organelles
plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleolus
parts of a cell
outer boundary of the cell that helps with transport and comm…
large bubble containing cell's genetic code
small area in nucleus for the synthesis of ribosomal RNA
organelles
parts of a cell
plasma membrane
outer boundary of the cell that helps with transport and comm…
47 terms
Cell Anatomy
Four concepts of cell theory
Most cells are composed of 4 elements:
Most cells have 3 main regions:
The Nucleus
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
1. Nucleus... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Plasma Membrane
-control center of the cell... -contains genetic material known…
Four concepts of cell theory
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
Most cells are composed of 4 elements:
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
52 terms
Anatomy-Cells
Cytology
Cells
Two main parts of a cell
Cell membrane (plasma membrane)
The study of cells
Vary in size and structure
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Encloses the cell ; semipermeable
Cytology
The study of cells
Cells
Vary in size and structure
Anatomy: Cells
Cell theory
Organismal functions depend on
3 Basic parts of a human cell
Plasma Membrane
-Smallest living structure
Individual and collective cell functions
Plasma Membrane... Cytoplasm... Nucleus
Biomolecular layer of lipids and proteins in a fluid sac. Sep…
Cell theory
-Smallest living structure
Organismal functions depend on
Individual and collective cell functions
22 terms
Anatomy-Cells
cell membrane
cytoplasm(cytosol)
cytoskeleton
microfilaments
phospholipids & proteins, nutrients pass through to reach cel…
a fluid that distributes materials & is the center of metabol…
internal protein framework, complex contraction in muscle cel…
involved in producing changes in cell types, a small rodlike…
cell membrane
phospholipids & proteins, nutrients pass through to reach cel…
cytoplasm(cytosol)
a fluid that distributes materials & is the center of metabol…
19 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cytosol
Cell Membrane
Cell membrane phosphates
Cell membrane lipids
fluid inside cell
is a phospholipid bylayer with phosphates, lipids, and carboh…
are on the outside of the membrane due to polarity of water
are in the middle of the membrane
Cytosol
fluid inside cell
Cell Membrane
is a phospholipid bylayer with phosphates, lipids, and carboh…
17 terms
Cell Anatomy
Peroxisome
Centrosome
Centriole
Lysosome
important in detoxification of certain molecules
coordinates the building and breaking down of microtubules
in the centrosome, made of microtubules that duplicate and ma…
specialized vesicle that breaks down nutrient molecules, aged…
Peroxisome
important in detoxification of certain molecules
Centrosome
coordinates the building and breaking down of microtubules
34 terms
Anatomy of the Cell & Cell Division
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Cytosol
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecule…
Plasma Membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
Cytoplasm
Gel-like fluid where the organelles are found
30 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
-All cell contents between plasma membrane and nucleus... -Site…
-Protein filaments... -Extend throughout cytosol... -Changeable and…
Nucleus
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
23 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
golgi apparatus
directs cell activity
produces proteins for the cell
moves proteins and other substances throughout the cell
packages and distributes proteins from endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleus
directs cell activity
ribosome
produces proteins for the cell
12 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Controls what goes in and out of cell (thin layer of flexible…
Protects and supports the cells of plants
Directs the cell's activities (Control Center)
Makes ribosomes (where proteins are produced)
Cell Membrane
Controls what goes in and out of cell (thin layer of flexible…
Cell Wall
Protects and supports the cells of plants
10 terms
Cell Anatomy
Cell
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Chromatin
the structural and functional unit of all living things
where the genetic material is found
semifluid medium inside of the cell
form of DNA in the nucleus when it is not dividing
Cell
the structural and functional unit of all living things
Nucleus
where the genetic material is found
16 terms
anatomy cells
simple squamous, epithelium
simple cuboidal, epithelium
simple columnor, epithelium
stratified squamous epithelium
found in respiratory system
found in urinary, digestive, and endocrine system
digestive system
integumentary system
simple squamous, epithelium
found in respiratory system
simple cuboidal, epithelium
found in urinary, digestive, and endocrine system
19 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nuclear Envelope/Membrane with pores
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Nucleolus
A double membrane encloses the nucleus, separating its conten…
Structures that carry genetic information.
The complex DNA and proteins that make up a chromosome.
Proteins are imported from the cytoplasm and are assembled by…
Nuclear Envelope/Membrane with pores
A double membrane encloses the nucleus, separating its conten…
Chromosomes
Structures that carry genetic information.
30 terms
Cell Anatomy
Nucleus
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytoskeleton
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
-All cell contents between plasma membrane and nucleus... -Site…
-Protein filaments... -Extend throughout cytosol... -Changeable and…
Nucleus
-Control center of cell... -Contains genetic material for cell r…
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
Flexible yet sturdy barrier that surrounds and contains the c…
13 terms
Cell Anatomy
cell wall
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
gives structure and protection
controls what goes in and out of cell
holds organelles and place for chemical reactions
tells cells what to do through DNA... communicates with cytosol
cell wall
gives structure and protection
cell membrane
controls what goes in and out of cell
61 terms
Cell Anatomy
Interstitial Fliud
ECF (Extra Cellular Fluid)
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
Appearance: fluid ... Location: outside the cell
Appearance: the fluid that surrounds the cell ... Location: outs…
Appearance: semi-fluid intercellular fluid within and of cyto…
Appearance: contents of cell between plasma membrane and nucl…
Interstitial Fliud
Appearance: fluid ... Location: outside the cell
ECF (Extra Cellular Fluid)
Appearance: the fluid that surrounds the cell ... Location: outs…
32 terms
Cells- Anatomy
3 main parts of a human cell
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Parts of the Phospholipid bilayer.
What does cholesterol do?
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
Polar/hydrophilic (water-loving) "head"... Nonpolar/hydrophobic…
Stabilize membrane... Maintain fluidity... Aids in hormone control
3 main parts of a human cell
1. Plasma membrane ... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Nucleus
What is the lipid bi-layer made of?
Lipid bilayer... Cholesterol... Glycolipids... Proteins
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