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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 10"

424 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
striations
skeletal is voluntary and controlled b…
most of the heart wall
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
List the three types of muscles and indicate whether they are…
where can you find cardiac muscle
skeletal... smooth... cardiac
what are the three types of muscle tissue?
striations
alternating light and dark bands on muscle tissue
14 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 10: The Endocrine System
endocrine cell
first messenger
general adaptation syndrome
glucagon
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
A model of the body's response to chronic stress; the three p…
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
endocrine cell
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
first messenger
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
32 terms
jancich anatomy chapter 10 hearing
auricle
semicircular canals
incus
malleus
Flap of the ear/Directs sound into the ear canal
three canals within the inner ear that contain specialized re…
a small anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear, transmitting vib…
hammer shaped bone that articulates with the tympanic membrane
auricle
Flap of the ear/Directs sound into the ear canal
semicircular canals
three canals within the inner ear that contain specialized re…
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
properties of muscle tissue
functions of skeletal muscle
Skeletal Muscle
dense regular connective tissue
excitability... contractility... elasticity... extensibility
body movement... maintain posture and body position... support... main…
attached to bones... striated, long, multi-nucleated... smooth and…
collagen fibers arranged in parallel way... most fibers are fibr…
properties of muscle tissue
excitability... contractility... elasticity... extensibility
functions of skeletal muscle
body movement... maintain posture and body position... support... main…
204 terms
chapter 10 anatomy
Somatic and special
Somatic senses
Special senses
environmental change
What are the two categories of senses?
Which category of sense is touch, pressure, temperature, and…
Which category of sense is smell, taste, hearing, equilibrium…
Each receptor is particularly sensitive to a distinct type of…
Somatic and special
What are the two categories of senses?
Somatic senses
Which category of sense is touch, pressure, temperature, and…
128 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Axon
Dendrite
Synapse
Cell Body
Axon
Dendrite
10 terms
Anatomy - Endocrine System locations of glands Chapter 10
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
suprarenal cortex
thymus gland
endocrine gland located below the voice box;
Four found on back surface of thyroid gland. Act (w/ thyroid…
5) LOCATION: On top of each kidney.
located in the mediastinal cavity anterior to and above the h…
thyroid gland
endocrine gland located below the voice box;
parathyroid gland
Four found on back surface of thyroid gland. Act (w/ thyroid…
38 terms
Chapter 10 anatomy
Extensibility
Elasticity
Contractility
Excitability
The ability of a muscle fiber to be stretched beyond its rest…
a contracted muscle cell can return to resting length when ap…
stimulation of muscle fiber can lead to contraction and short…
muscle cells are responsive to input from stimuli.
Extensibility
The ability of a muscle fiber to be stretched beyond its rest…
Elasticity
a contracted muscle cell can return to resting length when ap…
9 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
first class lever sysytem
second class lever system
third class lever system
most common lever system
fulcrum is between effort and load
the load is between the fulcrum and effort
effort is between fulcrum and load
3rd class
first class lever sysytem
fulcrum is between effort and load
second class lever system
the load is between the fulcrum and effort
54 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Connective tissue; it composes anywhere from 40-50% of your b…
Mostly voluntary (under conscious control), though they also…
Mostly involuntary; lines the walls of hollow internal struct…
Involuntary and striated; only found in the heart; cells bran…
Muscle Tissue
Connective tissue; it composes anywhere from 40-50% of your b…
Skeletal Muscle
Mostly voluntary (under conscious control), though they also…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
6 functions of muscles
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
movement, maintain body position, support soft tissue, guard…
surrounds muscle cells
6 functions of muscles
movement, maintain body position, support soft tissue, guard…
epimysium
24 terms
Chapter 10 Vocabulary Anatomy
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
Prime mover or agonist describes a muscle that has the major…
Antagonist describes a muscle that opposes, or reverses, a pa…
Synergists help prime movers by adding a little extra force t…
Fixators are when synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's…
1. Prime mover or agonist
Prime mover or agonist describes a muscle that has the major…
2. Antagonist
Antagonist describes a muscle that opposes, or reverses, a pa…
74 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Actin and Myosin
sarcolemma
sarcoplasm
cardiac muscle
two types of myofilaments
muscle plasma membrane
cytoplasm of a muscle cell
not innervated rate set by pacemaker cells
Actin and Myosin
two types of myofilaments
sarcolemma
muscle plasma membrane
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Excitability
Contractility
Elasticity
Extensiblity
Able to respond to a signal.
Able to shorten in length.
Able to recoil to original length.
Can stretch past original length if needed.
Excitability
Able to respond to a signal.
Contractility
Able to shorten in length.
27 terms
Chapter 10 Vocab Anatomy
Choroid coat
Ciliary body
Cochlea
Conjuctiva
The vascular, pigmented middle layer of the eye
Structure that secretes water and contains the ciliary muscle
Portion of inner ear that has hearing receptors
Membranous converting on the anterior surface of the eye
Choroid coat
The vascular, pigmented middle layer of the eye
Ciliary body
Structure that secretes water and contains the ciliary muscle
80 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Blood
formed elements
plasma
erythrocytes
"the river of life"; the only fluid tissue
living blood cells that are suspended in a nonliving matrix (…
a nonliving fluid matrix in which formed elements are suspend…
red blood cells
Blood
"the river of life"; the only fluid tissue
formed elements
living blood cells that are suspended in a nonliving matrix (…
20 terms
Anatomy chapter 10 vocab
auricle
cochlea
refraction
conjunctiva
cup or funnel-shaped structure that funnels sound waves towar…
portion of inner ear that has hearing receptors; the organ of…
a bending of light as it passes between media of different de…
membranous covering on the anterior surface of the eye and li…
auricle
cup or funnel-shaped structure that funnels sound waves towar…
cochlea
portion of inner ear that has hearing receptors; the organ of…
24 terms
Anatomy Vocab Chapter 10
1) Prime Mover (agonist)
2) Antagonist
3) Synergists
4) Fixators
A muscle that has a major responsibility for producing a spec…
A muscle that reverses or a opposes a particular movement…
This movement helps the prime movements by adding a little ex…
When a synergist immobilizes a bone, or a muscle's origin so…
1) Prime Mover (agonist)
A muscle that has a major responsibility for producing a spec…
2) Antagonist
A muscle that reverses or a opposes a particular movement…
22 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy
Cardiac muscle
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Sarcolemma
Function:circulates blood. Maintains blood (hydrostatic) pres…
Function: moves or stabilizes the position of the skeleton. G…
Function: moves food, urine and reproductive tract secretions…
the cell membrane of a cell muscle
Cardiac muscle
Function:circulates blood. Maintains blood (hydrostatic) pres…
Skeletal muscle
Function: moves or stabilizes the position of the skeleton. G…
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
motor unit
fast glycolytic muscle fibers
none of the above
myosin myofibrils
a single motor neuron and all muscle fibers it innervates
generate lots of power and depend on anaerobic pathways to ma…
during a contraction of a sarcomere, what happens to the A ba…
thick filaments are also known as
motor unit
a single motor neuron and all muscle fibers it innervates
fast glycolytic muscle fibers
generate lots of power and depend on anaerobic pathways to ma…
35 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Functions of Skeletal muscle
Each skeletal muscle has three layers…
From muscle to molecule
Bundles of muscle fibers, called fasci…
1. produce movement... 2. posture - tonus - degree of contractio…
that enclose it and provide structure to the muscle as a whol…
skeletal muscle covered in epimysium, then fascicles covered…
perimysium. Muscle fibers are covered by the endomysium.
Functions of Skeletal muscle
1. produce movement... 2. posture - tonus - degree of contractio…
Each skeletal muscle has three layers…
that enclose it and provide structure to the muscle as a whol…
220 terms
Chapter 10 Human Anatomy
Lamellae
Lacunae
Canalicuili
Central (Haversian) Canal
concentric rings of hard, extracellular calcified bone matrix
lake like spaces where in osteocytes lie; inside the lamellae
tiny canals connecting lamellae
contain blood vessels; one HC per osteon
Lamellae
concentric rings of hard, extracellular calcified bone matrix
Lacunae
lake like spaces where in osteocytes lie; inside the lamellae
87 terms
Anatomy of muscles chapter 10
Orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major
zygomaticus minor
frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus major
15 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy (Cardiovascular)
heart
atrioventricular valves
semilunar valves
pericardium
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
consist of the tricuspid and mitral valves, which lie between…
Pulmonary and aortic valves located between the right ventric…
two-layered sac surrounding the heart, consisting of an exter…
heart
muscular cone-shaped organ the size of a fist, located behind…
atrioventricular valves
consist of the tricuspid and mitral valves, which lie between…
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nerves
ganglia
Brain and spinal cord
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
The peripheral nervous system contains:
Collections of nerve cell bodies
central nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
A division of the nervous system consisting of all nerves tha…
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 10
Corrugator
Obicularis Oculi
Obicularis Ori
Masseter
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Closing mouth... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
A: Chewing up and down... N: Cranial Nerve 5 (Trigeminal Nerve)
Corrugator
O: Frontal Bone... I: Skin of Forehead... A: Bring eyebrows closer…
Obicularis Oculi
A: Blinking and tearing... N: Cranial Nerve 7 (Facial Nerve)
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue
Muscle functions
Contraction cycle
Properties of muscle tissue
3 Types of Muscle tissue
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
Electrical excitability, Contractility, extensibility, elasti…
Skeletal, Cardiac, Smooth
Muscle functions
Movement, stablizing, storing and moving substances throughou…
Contraction cycle
Atp Hydrolysis, Cross bridge, Power stroke, detachment of myo…
107 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
3 types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal muscles
6 functions of skeletal muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle composition
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
Attached to skeletal system, allow us to move. The only type…
Produce skeletal movement... Maintain posture and body position…
Muscle tissue, connective tissue, nerves and blood vessels
3 types of Muscle tissue
Skeletal, Cardiac and Smooth
Skeletal muscles
Attached to skeletal system, allow us to move. The only type…
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 - Hemostasis
Hemostasis
3 phases
Vascular spasms
Platelet plug formation
Stoppage of bleeding (when a blood vessel wall breaks)
Vascular spasms, platelet plug formation, coagulation (blood…
Vasoconstriction causing blood vessel to spasm, narrow at inj…
Platelets become sticky and cling to damaged site; release ch…
Hemostasis
Stoppage of bleeding (when a blood vessel wall breaks)
3 phases
Vascular spasms, platelet plug formation, coagulation (blood…
29 terms
jancich anatomy chapter 10 vision
optic disk
iris
suspensory ligaments
vitreous humor
blind spot: no rods or cones: area where blood vessels and ne…
A ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the…
a fibrous membrane that holds the lens of the eye in place
jellylike substance found behind the lens in the posterior ca…
optic disk
blind spot: no rods or cones: area where blood vessels and ne…
iris
A ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the…
66 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 10
Nervous System
CNS
PNS
3 Major Functions
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
12 pairs of cranial nerves ... 31 pairs of spinal nerves
Sensory ... Integrative ... Motor
Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord
34 terms
Anatomy chapter 10 + 11
Monocytes and lymphocytes
Characteristics of blood plasma
Formed elements (blood cells) from mos…
erythrocytes
The liquid part of blood (55%): about 90% water, contains ove…
Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils.
AKA red blood cells, primary function is to transport oxygen…
Monocytes and lymphocytes
Characteristics of blood plasma
The liquid part of blood (55%): about 90% water, contains ove…
32 terms
Chapter 10 anatomy
3 Types of Muscular Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue structure
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Function
Cardiac Muscle Tissue Structure
1. Skeletal muscle- connect to bones ... 2. Cardiac muscle- musc…
The cells are long. Nuclei toward edge: peripheral. Skeletal…
protection, heat production, posture, and motion
Striated. Single central nucleus per cell. Cells are branched…
3 Types of Muscular Tissue
1. Skeletal muscle- connect to bones ... 2. Cardiac muscle- musc…
Skeletal Muscle Tissue structure
The cells are long. Nuclei toward edge: peripheral. Skeletal…
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10 - Muscles
convergent
parallel
circular
pennate
has a broad origin and fascicles converge toward a single ten…
axes of fascicles run parallel to long axis of muscle; strapl…
fascicles arranged in concentric rings; sphincters; mouth & e…
fascicles are short and attach obliquely to a central tendon
convergent
has a broad origin and fascicles converge toward a single ten…
parallel
axes of fascicles run parallel to long axis of muscle; strapl…
73 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Muscle Types
Myology
Functions
Stability
cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle
the study of the muscular system
1. movement... 2. stability... 3. control of body openings and pass…
posture, joint stability, etc.
Muscle Types
cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscle
Myology
the study of the muscular system
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
perimysium
epimysium
endomysium
myofibrils
surrounds the fascicles
surrounds the perimysium
surrounds a muscle fiber
composed of sarcomeres
perimysium
surrounds the fascicles
epimysium
surrounds the perimysium
24 terms
Anatomy chapter 10
Functiona of muscle
Universal properties of muscle
General anatomy of muscle (sup to deep)
Origin
Movement... Stability... Control of bady openings and passages... Heat…
Excitability-responds to stimuli from neuron... Conductivity-pro…
Whole muscle.... Fascicle.... Fiber-single muscle cell, surrounded…
Bony site of attachment at the less movable end of muscle ... Pr…
Functiona of muscle
Movement... Stability... Control of bady openings and passages... Heat…
Universal properties of muscle
Excitability-responds to stimuli from neuron... Conductivity-pro…
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Orbicularis oris
Buccinator
Corrugator supercilii
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Buccinator
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
Temporalis
Masseter
trapezius
deltoid
Temporalis
Masseter
79 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
functions of muscle tissue
electrical excitability
contractility
extensibility
producing body movements, stabilizing body positions, moves s…
a property of both muscle cells and neurons, the ability to r…
the ability of muscle tissue to shorten forcefully when stimu…
the ability of muscle tissue to stretch within limits, withou…
functions of muscle tissue
producing body movements, stabilizing body positions, moves s…
electrical excitability
a property of both muscle cells and neurons, the ability to r…
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
prime mover or agonist
antogonist
synergist
fixators
a muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... - Whe…
help prime movers in one of these ways: 1) adding a little ex…
when synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
prime mover or agonist
a muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
antogonist
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... - Whe…
27 terms
Chapter 10 anatomy
Choroid coat
Ciliary body
Cochlea
Conjuctiva
The vascular pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye.
Structure associated with the choroid layer of the eye that s…
Portion of inner ear that has hearing receptors
Membranous covering on the anterior surface of the eye
Choroid coat
The vascular pigmented middle layer of the wall of the eye.
Ciliary body
Structure associated with the choroid layer of the eye that s…
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement. ... • W…
Help prime movers in one of two ways: Adding a little extra f…
A muscle that immobilizes a bone or muscle's origin so that t…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement. ... • W…
24 terms
Anatomy vocab chapter 10
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonists
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement... -Usual…
Synergists help prime movers... -add a little extra force to the…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscles origin so tha…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonists
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement... -Usual…
35 terms
Chapter 10 Anatomy
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Skeletal Muscle
-thicker covering of dense irregular CT ... -Separates muscle fr…
-Divides muscles into fascicles, surrounds fascicles... -Dense i…
-Surrounds each muscle fiber... -Thin wrapping of mostly reticul…
-Moves bones... -Striated... -Voluntary
Epimysium
-thicker covering of dense irregular CT ... -Separates muscle fr…
Perimysium
-Divides muscles into fascicles, surrounds fascicles... -Dense i…
24 terms
Chapter 10 anatomy vocab
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
Prime mover or agonist is a muscle that has the major respons…
Antagonists are muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular…
Synergists help prime movers by adding a little extra force t…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin, they…
1. Prime mover or agonist
Prime mover or agonist is a muscle that has the major respons…
2. Antagonist
Antagonists are muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular…
19 terms
anatomy chapter 10
genioglossus
internal intercostals
external intercostals
rectus abdominus
genioglossus
internal intercostals
204 terms
chapter 10 anatomy
Somatic and special
Somatic senses
Special senses
environmental change
What are the two categories of senses?
Which category of sense is touch, pressure, temperature, and…
Which category of sense is smell, taste, hearing, equilibrium…
Each receptor is particularly sensitive to a distinct type of…
Somatic and special
What are the two categories of senses?
Somatic senses
Which category of sense is touch, pressure, temperature, and…
70 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
protection and support, movement, post…
excitability
conductivity
contractility
function of the skeletal muscle
respond to nervous system
impulse ( nerves and muscles)
shorten
protection and support, movement, post…
function of the skeletal muscle
excitability
respond to nervous system
109 terms
Anatomy Chapter 10
1) Body movement... 2) Maintenance of pos…
Excitability... Conductivity... Contractilit…
Excitability
Conductivity
Five general functions of skeletal muscles
Five general characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue
Ability of a cell to respond to a stimulus
Ability of a cell to move electrical charge
1) Body movement... 2) Maintenance of pos…
Five general functions of skeletal muscles
Excitability... Conductivity... Contractilit…
Five general characteristics of skeletal muscle tissue
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