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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11 biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11 biology"

35 terms
Anatomy 1551 Chapter 11 Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Scalenes
External Oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
12 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocab
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restrictive enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
Any agent such as plasmid or virus that can incorporate forei…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
79 terms
Dahl Anatomy Brain Anatomy Identification Chapter 11
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
A- corpus callosum
A-Caudate nucleus... B- Lentiform nucleus…
A? ... B?
What are the parts of the brainstem?
What is the overall structure the two lines coming from A poi…
What are the parts of the corpus callosum?
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A? ... B?
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
What are the parts of the brainstem?
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 (Hower)
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Quest
heredity
genetics
traits
alleles
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
study of heredity
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring; ex - a…
genes governing the same trait; different forms a gene can ta…
heredity
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
study of heredity
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
38 terms
Harwood AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
local regulators
cell junctions
cell-cell recognition
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
allows molecules to pass readily between adjacent cells witho…
two cells in an animal may communicate by interaction between…
signal transduction pathway
a series of steps linking a mechanical or chemical stimulus t…
local regulators
a secreted molecule that influences cells near where it is se…
16 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable changes in the allele frequencies of a population…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
41 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 11
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
76 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
ventral region of mytomes
extensor digitorum
thumb... index finger
abductor pollicis longus
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
the deep posterior extensor of the wrist and fingers
which deep posterior extensor of the wrist originates on the…
ventral region of mytomes
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
extensor digitorum
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
57 terms
Biology 201 Chapter 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
3 overlapping functions of the Nervous…
What Neuroglia (glial cells)—supportin…
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
1. Sensory input - information gathered by sensory receptors…
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
What results from dosage compensation…
Is colorblindness more common with boy…
How is the sex of a human determined
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
SEx linked trait. X-linked..males have only one X chromosome…
The sex chromosomes ; XX= female XY =male What the male contr…
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
What results from dosage compensation…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
parallel
parallel
fusiform
fusiform
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
fascicles run nearly parallel, terminate in flat tendons. mus…
parallel
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
parallel
28 terms
Biology Chapter 11 with images
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Occipitofrontalis (Frontal Belly)
Occipitofrontalis (Occipital Belly)
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis... Insertion: Skin superior to su…
Origin: Occipital bone... Insertion: Epicranial aponeurosis... Acti…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
54 terms
chapter 11 anatomy
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Formula for Cardiac Output
Blood Pressure
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
cardiac output is equal to the stroke volume times the heart…
the measurement of the pressure of the blood
Cardiac Output
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
Stroke Volume
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
circular muscles
parallel muscles
convergent muscles
pennate muscle
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
triangular muscle with common attachment site... direction of pu…
muscle body has one or more tendon... fascicles at oblique angle…
circular muscles
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
parallel muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
60 terms
anatomy chapter 11
HEAVY LIFTING
infraspinatus
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
...
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
-origin: infraglenoid tubercle, posterior humerus, inferior t…
-origin: coracoid process of scapula & supraglenoid tubercle…
HEAVY LIFTING
...
infraspinatus
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
sex-linked trait
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
three or more alleles of the same gene that code for a single…
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
incomplete dominance
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
codominance
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
53 terms
Biology Chapter 11
define genetics
define fertilization
what is the principle of dominance
define alleles
the scientific study of heredity
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
the principle of dominance states that some alleles are domin…
the different forms of a gene
define genetics
the scientific study of heredity
define fertilization
the process when male and female reproductive cells join
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
tendons
endomysium
perimysium
epimysium
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
connective tissue around muscle cells
connective tissue around muscle fascicles
connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
tendons
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
endomysium
connective tissue around muscle cells
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
72 terms
Anatomy chapter 11
trapezius; clavicle; scapula
deltoid tuberosity on humerus
prime mover of arm abduction when all…
sternal end of clavicle, sternum and r…
origin of deltoid
insertion of deltoid
function of deltoid
origin of pectoralis major
trapezius; clavicle; scapula
origin of deltoid
deltoid tuberosity on humerus
insertion of deltoid
38 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 11
protozoa
cyst
means of locomotion
taxis
mainly unicellular heterotrophs
formed by protozoans to survive harsh environmental conditions
most protozoans are classified into phyla based on this
response to a stimulus
protozoa
mainly unicellular heterotrophs
cyst
formed by protozoans to survive harsh environmental conditions
15 terms
AP Biology Chapter 11
signal transduction pathway
hormones
ligand
protein kinase
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
A molecule that specifically binds to another molecule, often…
The enzyme that transfers phosphate groups from ATP to protein.
signal transduction pathway
The process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converte…
hormones
Circulating chemical signals that are formed in specialized c…
11 terms
Biology - Endocrine System Chapter 11
aldosterone
cortisol
epinephrine
melatonin
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
A hormone produced and secreted by the adrenal medulla that p…
A hormone manufactured by the pineal gland that produces slee…
aldosterone
"salt-retaining hormone" which promotes the retention of Na+…
cortisol
A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands, which sit on top of…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11: Meiosis
A pair of corresponding chromosomes fr…
Diploid cells have ___ set(s) of chrom…
Haploid cells have ___ set(s) of chrom…
Interphase in mitosis and interphase i…
Homologous pair
2
1
Identical
A pair of corresponding chromosomes fr…
Homologous pair
Diploid cells have ___ set(s) of chrom…
2
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Origin of muscle
Insertion of muscle
From insertion to origin
Skeletal muscles have a rich blood sup…
Less moveable attachment of a muscle
More moveable attachment of the muscle
In which direction do muscle typically pull?
What medication are taken intramuscularly
Origin of muscle
Less moveable attachment of a muscle
Insertion of muscle
More moveable attachment of the muscle
Anatomy terms chapter 11
ampula
crista ampullaris
saccule and utricle
bony labyrinth
ampula
crista ampullaris
56 terms
Anatomy - chapter 11
CNS vs. PNS
typical neuron
synapse
4 characteristics of neurons
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
...
1. extremely long longevity (>100 years)... 2. largely amitotic…
CNS vs. PNS
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
typical neuron
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
56 terms
Anatomy - chapter 11
CNS vs. PNS
typical neuron
synapse
4 characteristics of neurons
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
...
1. extremely long longevity (>100 years)... 2. largely amitotic…
CNS vs. PNS
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
typical neuron
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
24 terms
Chapter 11.1-11.3 Biology Vocabulary
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits (c…
Genetics
scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11
heredity
genetics
self-pollination
p generation
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
The study of heredity.
The movement of pollen from the male sex organs to the female…
The pure plants that Mendel produced by self-pollination.
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
genetics
The study of heredity.
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
600
40%, 50%
form, contour
Endomysium
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
Muscles, along with the skeleton, determine the _____ and ___…
Delicate connective tissue membrane that covers skeletal musc…
600
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
40%, 50%
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
25 terms
Biology Vocabulary Chapter 11
allele
gamete
gene
genetics
one of a number of different forms of a gene
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines…
scientific study of heredity
allele
one of a number of different forms of a gene
gamete
specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction
20 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
Parallel fibers
Convergent fibers
Pennate fibers
Unipennate fibers
Fibers parallel to the long... axis of muscle... • For example, bic…
A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon, aponeurosi…
• Form an angle with the tendon... • Do not move as far as paral…
Fibers on one side of tendon... • For example, extensor digitorum
Parallel fibers
Fibers parallel to the long... axis of muscle... • For example, bic…
Convergent fibers
A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon, aponeurosi…
51 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
44 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
CNS
PNS
dendrites
cell body
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
branches, where neuron receives stimuli from environment or o…
contains nucleus, organelles
CNS
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
PNS
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
116 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Receptors
The brain and spinal cord. Is responsible for integrating, pr…
Includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS
A cell in neural tissue that is specialized for intercellular…
Sensory structures that detect changes in the internal or ext…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord. Is responsible for integrating, pr…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS
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