Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11 biology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11 biology"

14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
carrier
pedigree
incomplete dominance
codominance
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
a family's history that traces genetic traits
A pattern of inheritance in which two alleles, inherited from…
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expres…
carrier
person who is heterozygous for a recessive trait
pedigree
a family's history that traces genetic traits
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 11
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes that lies between the bone and soft tissue
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Thin weblike membrane that lacks blood vessels
Innermost, thin, contains many nerves and blood vessels that…
Meninges
Membranes that lies between the bone and soft tissue
Dura Mater
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Biology Chapter 11 vocab
Genetic engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restrictive enzyme
Vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
Any agent such as plasmid or virus that can incorporate forei…
Genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
Recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
100 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Brain
Dura Mater
Arachnoid mater
Cerebrospinal Fluid
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
middle... space contains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)... Pia mater
Secreted by the choroid plexus... completely surrounds the bra…
Brain
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Dura Mater
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
Biology 201 Chapter 11
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
3 overlapping functions of the Nervous…
What Neuroglia (glial cells)—supportin…
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
1. Sensory input - information gathered by sensory receptors…
Astrocytes (CNS)... Microglia (CNS)... Ependymal cells (CNS)... Oligod…
Central nervous system (CNS)
-Brain and spinal cord... -Integration and command center - who…
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Paired spinal and cranial nerves carry messages to and from t…
14 terms
Biology Chapter 11
gene pool
allele frequency
normal distribution
microevolution
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is hig…
observable changes in the allele frequencies of a population…
gene pool
collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a po…
allele frequency
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for t…
Chapter 11: Blood (Anatomy and Physiology)
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
blood
plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
blood
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
plasma
27 terms
Biology: Chapter 11 (Hower)
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
the scientific study of heredity
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
a specific characteristic
the offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
Genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
a process during sexual reproduction in which the male and fe…
10 terms
Biology Chapter 11 vocabulary
integumentary
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
second layer of skin, which is the most complex layer
fatty layer of loose connective tissue that binds the skin to…
integumentary
the system that covers the outside of the body and is also kn…
epidermis
the part of the integumentary system that is exposed to the e…
79 terms
Dahl Anatomy Brain Anatomy Identification Chapter 11
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
A- corpus callosum
A-Caudate nucleus... B- Lentiform nucleus…
A? ... B?
What are the parts of the brainstem?
What is the overall structure the two lines coming from A poi…
What are the parts of the corpus callosum?
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A? ... B?
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
What are the parts of the brainstem?
76 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
ventral region of mytomes
extensor digitorum
thumb... index finger
abductor pollicis longus
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
the deep posterior extensor of the wrist and fingers
which deep posterior extensor of the wrist originates on the…
ventral region of mytomes
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
extensor digitorum
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
76 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Quest
heredity
genetics
traits
alleles
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
study of heredity
characteristics passed down from parents to offspring; ex - a…
genes governing the same trait; different forms a gene can ta…
heredity
transmission of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
study of heredity
32 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Review
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Receives blood from the vena cavas
Atrium that has deoxygenated blood
Right Ventricle
Left Atrium
Right atrium
Right atrium
Ventricle that is oxygen poor
Right Ventricle
Receives blood from pulmonary veins
Left Atrium
40 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Specific characteristic of an individual
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
Scientific study of heredity
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
circular muscles
parallel muscles
convergent muscles
pennate muscle
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
triangular muscle with common attachment site... direction of pu…
muscle body has one or more tendon... fascicles at oblique angle…
circular muscles
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
parallel muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Chapter 11 Anatomy
The central nervous system consists of..
The peripheral nervous system consists…
The sensory or afferent division
What are the two different sectors of…
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
Signals toward CNS
a. The somatic nervous system... b. the autonomic nervous system
The central nervous system consists of..
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
The peripheral nervous system consists…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
The Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
Interpretation of sensory input.
Respond to Stimuli by activating effector organs.
The Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Sensory Input
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
parallel
parallel
fusiform
fusiform
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
fascicles run nearly parallel, terminate in flat tendons. mus…
parallel
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
parallel
41 terms
Grieb BJU Biology Chapter 11
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
fertilization
trait
hybrid
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
specific characteristic of an individual
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 11 with images
signal transduction pathway
local regulator
hormone
ligand
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
a released, long-distance signaling molecule which travels be…
a signaling molecule
signal transduction pathway
process where surface cellular responses cause responses with…
local regulator
a released, short-distance signaling molecule which travels b…
154 terms
human anatomy Chapter 11
muscles of the body
lever systems: bone-muscle relationship
lever systems
arrangement of fascicles in muscles
Skeletal muscles... • Movements... • Blinking of eye, standing on…
• Movement of skeletal muscles involves leverage... • Lever... • r…
• Levers allow a given effort to:... • Move a heavier load... • M…
• Skeletal muscles... • fascicles: arranged in different patter…
muscles of the body
Skeletal muscles... • Movements... • Blinking of eye, standing on…
lever systems: bone-muscle relationship
• Movement of skeletal muscles involves leverage... • Lever... • r…
anatomy chapter 11
HEAVY LIFTING
infraspinatus
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
...
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
-origin: infraglenoid tubercle, posterior humerus, inferior t…
-origin: coracoid process of scapula & supraglenoid tubercle…
HEAVY LIFTING
...
infraspinatus
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
tendons
endomysium
perimysium
epimysium
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
connective tissue around muscle cells
connective tissue around muscle fascicles
connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
tendons
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
endomysium
connective tissue around muscle cells
19 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics
True breeding
Trait
Hybrid
Scientific study of heredity
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Offspring of crosses between parents with different traits, o…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
True breeding
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
47 terms
Biology Chapter 11
What is genetics?
What is a trait?
Who mas Gregor Mendel?
What were Mendel's original plants cal…
The scientific study of heredity.
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
A monk who lived in the 1800's who was a pioneer in the field…
P, which stands for parental.
What is genetics?
The scientific study of heredity.
What is a trait?
A specific characteristic that varies from one individual to…
17 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Pearson Genetics
Genetics (11.1) 263
Fertilization (11.1) 263
True-breeding (11.1) 263
Trait (11.1) 264
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Genetics (11.1) 263
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization (11.1) 263
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
30 terms
BJU Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
protist
eyespot
cyst
contractile vacuole
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
a structure similar to a spore that is formed as part of the…
a vacuole, found in some cells, that collects water and expel…
protist
a member of the kingdom Protista; eukaryotic but not a true a…
eyespot
a light-sensitive area of some organisms
34 terms
Biology Chapter 11
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
What results from dosage compensation…
Is colorblindness more common with boy…
How is the sex of a human determined
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
SEx linked trait. X-linked..males have only one X chromosome…
The sex chromosomes ; XX= female XY =male What the male contr…
How does nondisjunction cause serious…
sister chromatids fail to separate; alters the number of chro…
What results from dosage compensation…
the extra x chromosome becomes inactivated
Biology Chapter 11 Vocabulary
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
sex-linked trait
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
three or more alleles of the same gene that code for a single…
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
incomplete dominance
a condition where a heterozygous off-spring has a phenotype t…
codominance
an inheritance relationship in which neither of two alleles o…
35 terms
Anatomy 1551 Chapter 11 Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Scalenes
External Oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
41 terms
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
organisms that produce offspring identical to themselves thro…
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Biology Chapter 11
Carrier
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Pedigree
What are examples of complex inheritan…
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
A diagram that traces the inheritance of a particular trait t…
Incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles, epistasi…
Carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder
What are the types of basic human inhe…
Recessive genetic disorders and dominant genetic disorders
24 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 11
efferent neurons
afferent neurons
nodes of Ranvier
central nervous system
MOTOR neurons transmit nerve impulses AWAY from the CNS towar…
(Also known as sensory neurons.) They gather incoming sensory…
-the gaps (indentations) between the Schwann cells (myeline s…
(CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord;
efferent neurons
MOTOR neurons transmit nerve impulses AWAY from the CNS towar…
afferent neurons
(Also known as sensory neurons.) They gather incoming sensory…
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
CNS
PNS
dendrites
cell body
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
branches, where neuron receives stimuli from environment or o…
contains nucleus, organelles
CNS
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
PNS
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
Holt Biology Chapter 11-Meiosis
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
make up most of your body tissues and organs, also called bod…
gamete
sex cells, ova or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa or spe…
161 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
abdominal aorta
angina pectoris
anterior cerebral artery
anterior interventricular artery
...
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
...
...
abdominal aorta
...
angina pectoris
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
24 terms
anatomy chapter 11 vocab
Isometric contraction
Isotonic Contraction
Motor unit
Myofibril
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
consists of one somatic efferent neuron and all of the muscle…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
Isometric contraction
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
Isotonic Contraction
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 11
Brain
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Reflexes
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
branch to various body parts and connect them with the CNS
rapid automatic response to a stimulus
Brain
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Spinal Cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
endocrine system
hormone
target cells
prostaglandins
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
those cells with specific receptors for hormone molecules
a group of compounds with powerful, hormonelike effects
endocrine system
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
hormone
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
600
40%, 50%
form, contour
Endomysium
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
Muscles, along with the skeleton, determine the _____ and ___…
Delicate connective tissue membrane that covers skeletal musc…
600
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
40%, 50%
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
Human Anatomy--Chapter 11
What is naming the skeletal muscles ba…
What are the muscles of facial express…
Frontalis
Zygomaticus
-Direction of fibers... -Number of origins... -Action... -Location... -Sh…
-Frontalis... -Zygomaticus
Superficial to frontal bone.... -Raises the eyebrows/wrinkles th…
Extends from cheekbones to corners of the mouth.... -Raises late…
What is naming the skeletal muscles ba…
-Direction of fibers... -Number of origins... -Action... -Location... -Sh…
What are the muscles of facial express…
-Frontalis... -Zygomaticus
Biology Chapter 11- Genetics
what assorts independently during meio…
genetics
fertilization
trait
chromosomes
the scientific study of heredity
the process in which the male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific chracteristic
what assorts independently during meio…
chromosomes
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
22 terms
Biology 1 Chapter 11 Terms
DNA replication
nitrogenous base
double helix
messenger RNA
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
The twisted ladder structure of DNA.
RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the asse…
DNA replication
The process in which DNA makes a duplicate copy of itself.
nitrogenous base
Single or double ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms with attac…
21 terms
Biology Chapter 11
genetics
Gregor Mendel
fertilization
trait
the scientific study of heredity
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
the process during which male and female reproductive cells j…
a specific characteristic such as seed color or plant height
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
Gregor Mendel
an Austrian monk who founded the modern science of genetics
chapter 11 vocab anatomy
cardiovascular system
mediastinum
pericardium
atria
another term for circulatory system.
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood…
cardiovascular system
another term for circulatory system.
mediastinum
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
18 terms
Anatomy chapter 11 vocab
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
Conducts impulses from the CNS to cardiac muscles, smooth mus…
The conducting region of the neuron... -It generates nerve impul…
1. Action potential
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
2. Astrocytes
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
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