Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 11"

79 terms
Dahl Anatomy Brain Anatomy Identification Chapter 11
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
A- corpus callosum
A-Caudate nucleus... B- Lentiform nucleus…
A? ... B?
What are the parts of the brainstem?
What is the overall structure the two lines coming from A poi…
What are the parts of the corpus callosum?
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A? ... B?
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
What are the parts of the brainstem?
76 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
ventral region of mytomes
extensor digitorum
thumb... index finger
abductor pollicis longus
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
the deep posterior extensor of the wrist and fingers
which deep posterior extensor of the wrist originates on the…
ventral region of mytomes
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
extensor digitorum
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
100 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Brain
Dura Mater
Arachnoid mater
Cerebrospinal Fluid
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
middle... space contains cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)... Pia mater
Secreted by the choroid plexus... completely surrounds the bra…
Brain
is the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Dura Mater
outer... venous sinuses... Falx... Dural sinus... epidural space
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
parallel
parallel
fusiform
fusiform
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
fascicles run nearly parallel, terminate in flat tendons. mus…
parallel
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
parallel
anatomy chapter 11
HEAVY LIFTING
infraspinatus
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
...
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
-origin: infraglenoid tubercle, posterior humerus, inferior t…
-origin: coracoid process of scapula & supraglenoid tubercle…
HEAVY LIFTING
...
infraspinatus
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
circular muscles
parallel muscles
convergent muscles
pennate muscle
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
triangular muscle with common attachment site... direction of pu…
muscle body has one or more tendon... fascicles at oblique angle…
circular muscles
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
parallel muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
potential difference
concentration gradient
electrochemical gradient
resting membrane potential
the difference of electrical potential between two points
the process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
a gradient of electrochemical potential, usually for an ion t…
at rest, there are relatively more sodium ions outside the ne…
potential difference
the difference of electrical potential between two points
concentration gradient
the process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
Human Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 11
Brain
Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves
Reflexes
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
branch to various body parts and connect them with the CNS
rapid automatic response to a stimulus
Brain
the largest and most complex part of the nervous system
Spinal Cord
a slender column of nervous tissue that is continuous with th…
Chapter 11: Blood (Anatomy and Physiology)
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
Red Blood Cells
White Blood Cells
blood
plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
_______ serves as the primary transpor…
blood
The liquid portion of your blood is re…
plasma
Chapter 11 Anatomy
The central nervous system consists of..
The peripheral nervous system consists…
The sensory or afferent division
What are the two different sectors of…
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
Signals toward CNS
a. The somatic nervous system... b. the autonomic nervous system
The central nervous system consists of..
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
The peripheral nervous system consists…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
Human Anatomy--Chapter 11
What is naming the skeletal muscles ba…
What are the muscles of facial express…
Frontalis
Zygomaticus
-Direction of fibers... -Number of origins... -Action... -Location... -Sh…
-Frontalis... -Zygomaticus
Superficial to frontal bone.... -Raises the eyebrows/wrinkles th…
Extends from cheekbones to corners of the mouth.... -Raises late…
What is naming the skeletal muscles ba…
-Direction of fibers... -Number of origins... -Action... -Location... -Sh…
What are the muscles of facial express…
-Frontalis... -Zygomaticus
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
The Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
Interpretation of sensory input.
Respond to Stimuli by activating effector organs.
The Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Sensory Input
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
tendons
endomysium
perimysium
epimysium
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
connective tissue around muscle cells
connective tissue around muscle fascicles
connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
tendons
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
endomysium
connective tissue around muscle cells
154 terms
human anatomy Chapter 11
muscles of the body
lever systems: bone-muscle relationship
lever systems
arrangement of fascicles in muscles
Skeletal muscles... • Movements... • Blinking of eye, standing on…
• Movement of skeletal muscles involves leverage... • Lever... • r…
• Levers allow a given effort to:... • Move a heavier load... • M…
• Skeletal muscles... • fascicles: arranged in different patter…
muscles of the body
Skeletal muscles... • Movements... • Blinking of eye, standing on…
lever systems: bone-muscle relationship
• Movement of skeletal muscles involves leverage... • Lever... • r…
36 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy Vocab
aorta
angina pectoris
apex
arteries
main artery leaving the heart that supplied the body with oxy…
chest pains caused by the lack of oxygen to the myocardium
the pointed inferior portion of the heart, directed toward th…
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
aorta
main artery leaving the heart that supplied the body with oxy…
angina pectoris
chest pains caused by the lack of oxygen to the myocardium
anatomy chapter 11 vocab
congestive heart failure
tachycardia
bradycardia
systole
circulation is inadequate to meet tissue needs
rapid heart rate; over 100 bpm
slow heart rate; below 60 bpm
occurs during the peak of a ventricular contraction
congestive heart failure
circulation is inadequate to meet tissue needs
tachycardia
rapid heart rate; over 100 bpm
69 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Chapter 11
Meninges
Dura Mater
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
Thin weblike membrane that lack blood vessels
Innermost, thin, contains many nerves and blood vessels that…
Meninges
Membranes that lie between the bone and soft tissue
Dura Mater
Outermost, dense connect tissue, blood vessels and nerves
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
pericardium
heart wall
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
whole thing
the whole layer
pericardium
heart wall
whole thing
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
600
40%, 50%
form, contour
Endomysium
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
Muscles, along with the skeleton, determine the _____ and ___…
Delicate connective tissue membrane that covers skeletal musc…
600
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
40%, 50%
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
24 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 11
efferent neurons
afferent neurons
nodes of Ranvier
central nervous system
MOTOR neurons transmit nerve impulses AWAY from the CNS towar…
(Also known as sensory neurons.) They gather incoming sensory…
-the gaps (indentations) between the Schwann cells (myeline s…
(CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord;
efferent neurons
MOTOR neurons transmit nerve impulses AWAY from the CNS towar…
afferent neurons
(Also known as sensory neurons.) They gather incoming sensory…
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
42 terms
Chapter 11 - Anatomy
Naming of muscles
Origin
Insertion
Agonidt
What movement it produces, where it's located, what its attac…
Less movable/more stable attachment point
More movable/less stable attachment point
Muscle that contracts during movement
Naming of muscles
What movement it produces, where it's located, what its attac…
Origin
Less movable/more stable attachment point
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
161 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
abdominal aorta
angina pectoris
anterior cerebral artery
anterior interventricular artery
...
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
...
...
abdominal aorta
...
angina pectoris
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
24 terms
anatomy chapter 11 vocab
Isometric contraction
Isotonic Contraction
Motor unit
Myofibril
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
consists of one somatic efferent neuron and all of the muscle…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
Isometric contraction
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
Isotonic Contraction
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Brain
Sulclus
Gyrus
Meninges
Hemispheres
spaces between folds
raised folds, increase surface area
three layers of connectie tissue that cover brain and spine... 1…
Two sides of cerebrum
Sulclus
spaces between folds
Gyrus
raised folds, increase surface area
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
endocrine system
hormone
target cells
prostaglandins
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
those cells with specific receptors for hormone molecules
a group of compounds with powerful, hormonelike effects
endocrine system
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
hormone
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
18 terms
Anatomy chapter 11 vocab
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
Conducts impulses from the CNS to cardiac muscles, smooth mus…
The conducting region of the neuron... -It generates nerve impul…
1. Action potential
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
2. Astrocytes
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
Anatomy chapter 11
Functions of blood
composition of blood
plasma
hematopoesis
Distribute oxygen and nutrients, regulate body temperature, a…
55% Plasm
(physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from s…
is the formation of blood cells; WBC & RBC produced within my…
Functions of blood
Distribute oxygen and nutrients, regulate body temperature, a…
composition of blood
55% Plasm
18 terms
Vocab Chapter 11 Anatomy
1) Action Potential
2) Astrocytes
3) Autonomic
4) Axon
Action potential is the brief reversal of membrane potential…
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.…
Autonomic refers to such actions as the pumping of our heart…
An axon is the neuron body that carries impulses away from th…
1) Action Potential
Action potential is the brief reversal of membrane potential…
2) Astrocytes
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.…
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Chapter 11 Anatomy
cardiovascular system
coverings of the heart
pericardium
visceral pericardium
transports nutrients to cells throughout the body and removes…
pericardium, visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium
a double-layered serous membrane that surrounds the heart
covering next to the heart
cardiovascular system
transports nutrients to cells throughout the body and removes…
coverings of the heart
pericardium, visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Functions of nervous system
Astrocyte
Microglia
Ependymal cells
a. Gather sensory input... b. Integrate sensory input... c. Cause r…
star shaped, support neurons, mop up K+, recycle neurotransmi…
transform into a macrophage
line central cavities of brain and spinal cord, beat cilia to…
Functions of nervous system
a. Gather sensory input... b. Integrate sensory input... c. Cause r…
Astrocyte
star shaped, support neurons, mop up K+, recycle neurotransmi…
chapter 11 vocab anatomy
cardiovascular system
mediastinum
pericardium
atria
another term for circulatory system.
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood…
cardiovascular system
another term for circulatory system.
mediastinum
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
35 terms
Anatomy 1551 Chapter 11 Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Scalenes
External Oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Chapter 11 Vocab Anatomy
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
: An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potenti…
: Are the most abundant and versatile glial cells and they su…
: Is the system that consists of visceral motor nerve fibers…
: Is the conducting region of the neuron and it generates ner…
1. Action potential
: An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potenti…
2. Astrocytes
: Are the most abundant and versatile glial cells and they su…
Chapter 11 Anatomy
Multipolar
multi polar
bipolar
bipolar
processes extend from cell body ... all are dendrites ... include:…
rare; found in some special sensory organs... never myelinated... f…
Multipolar
processes extend from cell body ... all are dendrites ... include:…
multi polar
chapter 11 anatomy Natalie
Glands that release their secretion in…
Steroid hormones produce their effects…
A group of lipids called prostaglandin…
cyclic AMP is produced from molecules…
exocrine glands
activating genes to produce protein
true
enzymatic action
Glands that release their secretion in…
exocrine glands
Steroid hormones produce their effects…
activating genes to produce protein
Chapter 11 Anatomy Terms
What does the endocrine system do for…
Hypothalamus (location & function)
What are the major functions of the hy…
How does the hypothalamus control body…
Controls and monitors organs and glands and secretes many hor…
Located deep in the brain inferior to the thalamus; maintains…
Metabolism, heart rate, energy, body temperature
Stimulates SNS
What does the endocrine system do for…
Controls and monitors organs and glands and secretes many hor…
Hypothalamus (location & function)
Located deep in the brain inferior to the thalamus; maintains…
51 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy Vocab
1. action potential
2. astrocytes
3. autonomic
4. axon
is a brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplit…
a neuroglia cell that is found in the CNS that are shaped as…
consists of visceral motor nerve fibers that regulate the act…
generates nerve impulses and transmits them, typically away f…
1. action potential
is a brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplit…
2. astrocytes
a neuroglia cell that is found in the CNS that are shaped as…
45 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Levator Scapulae
Pectoralis Minor
Serratus Anterior
Subclavius
Elevates the scapula
Protracts the shoulder
Protracts the scapula
Protracts the scapula
Levator Scapulae
Elevates the scapula
Pectoralis Minor
Protracts the shoulder
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Occipitofrontalis (Frontal Belly)
Occipitofrontalis (Occipital Belly)
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis... Insertion: Skin superior to su…
Origin: Occipital bone... Insertion: Epicranial aponeurosis... Acti…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
54 terms
chapter 11 anatomy
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Formula for Cardiac Output
Blood Pressure
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
cardiac output is equal to the stroke volume times the heart…
the measurement of the pressure of the blood
Cardiac Output
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
Stroke Volume
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
Anatomy chapter 11
5 characteristics of muscles
skeletal muscle
striations
voluntary
responsiveness, conductivity, contractility, extensibilty, el…
voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
alternating light and dark transverse bands
usually subject to conscious control muscles are voluntary
5 characteristics of muscles
responsiveness, conductivity, contractility, extensibilty, el…
skeletal muscle
voluntary, striated muscle attached to one or more bones
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
148 terms
chapter 11 anatomy
parts of cns
meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
brain and spinal cord
(1) dura mater (2) arachnoid mater (3) pia pater
(1) tough, white, dense connective tissue (2) periosteum of s…
(1) thin, weblike (2) no blood vessels (3) on brain but doesn…
parts of cns
brain and spinal cord
meninges
(1) dura mater (2) arachnoid mater (3) pia pater
Anatomy Chapter 11
Muscles of the pectoral girdle and upp…
Muscles of the pelvic girdle and lower…
Deltoid origin
Deltoid insertion
-Muscles that position pectoral girdle... -Muscles that move arm…
-Muscles that move thigh... -Muscles that move leg... -Muscles of f…
trapezius, clavicle, scapula
deltoid tuberosity on humerus
Muscles of the pectoral girdle and upp…
-Muscles that position pectoral girdle... -Muscles that move arm…
Muscles of the pelvic girdle and lower…
-Muscles that move thigh... -Muscles that move leg... -Muscles of f…
1 of 10