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79 terms
Dahl Anatomy Brain Anatomy Identification Chapter 11
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
A- corpus callosum
A-Caudate nucleus... B- Lentiform nucleus…
A? ... B?
What are the parts of the brainstem?
What is the overall structure the two lines coming from A poi…
What are the parts of the corpus callosum?
A-Diencephalon... B- Brainstem
A? ... B?
A- Midbrain... B- Pons... C- Medulla oblongata
What are the parts of the brainstem?
35 terms
Anatomy 1551 Chapter 11 Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
Scalenes
External Oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Splenius Capitis
76 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
ventral region of mytomes
extensor digitorum
thumb... index finger
abductor pollicis longus
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
the deep posterior extensor of the wrist and fingers
which deep posterior extensor of the wrist originates on the…
ventral region of mytomes
from which embryonic region do the limb muscles develop... a) d…
extensor digitorum
the extensor muscle that branches to form four tendons on the…
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 11
Parallel muscle
Convergent muscle
Pennate muscle
Circular muscle/sphincter
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
The fascicles form a common angle within the tendon
The fascicles are concetrically arranged around an opening
Parallel muscle
Fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle
Convergent muscle
Muscle fascicles extending over a broad area converge on a co…
60 terms
anatomy chapter 11
HEAVY LIFTING
infraspinatus
triceps brachii
biceps brachii
...
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
-origin: infraglenoid tubercle, posterior humerus, inferior t…
-origin: coracoid process of scapula & supraglenoid tubercle…
HEAVY LIFTING
...
infraspinatus
-origin: infraspinous fossa of scapula... -insertion: middle fac…
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Orbicularis Oculi
Orbicularis Oris
Occipitofrontalis (Frontal Belly)
Occipitofrontalis (Occipital Belly)
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
Origin: Epicranial aponeurosis... Insertion: Skin superior to su…
Origin: Occipital bone... Insertion: Epicranial aponeurosis... Acti…
Orbicularis Oculi
Origin: Medial wall of orbit... Insertion: Circular path around…
Orbicularis Oris
Origin: Muscle fibers surrounding mouth... Insertion: Skin at co…
54 terms
chapter 11 anatomy
Cardiac Output
Stroke Volume
Formula for Cardiac Output
Blood Pressure
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
cardiac output is equal to the stroke volume times the heart…
the measurement of the pressure of the blood
Cardiac Output
the volume of blood pumped per minute by each ventricle of th…
Stroke Volume
the amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
circular muscles
parallel muscles
convergent muscles
pennate muscle
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
triangular muscle with common attachment site... direction of pu…
muscle body has one or more tendon... fascicles at oblique angle…
circular muscles
fibers arranged concentrically around an opening... ex: orbicula…
parallel muscles
fascicles are parallel to the long axis of the muscle... body of…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
parallel
parallel
fusiform
fusiform
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
fascicles run nearly parallel, terminate in flat tendons. mus…
parallel
fascicles are ______ to the longitudinal axis
parallel
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
tendons
endomysium
perimysium
epimysium
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
connective tissue around muscle cells
connective tissue around muscle fascicles
connective tissue surrounding entire muscle
tendons
attachments between muscles and bone matrix
endomysium
connective tissue around muscle cells
72 terms
Anatomy chapter 11
trapezius; clavicle; scapula
deltoid tuberosity on humerus
prime mover of arm abduction when all…
sternal end of clavicle, sternum and r…
origin of deltoid
insertion of deltoid
function of deltoid
origin of pectoralis major
trapezius; clavicle; scapula
origin of deltoid
deltoid tuberosity on humerus
insertion of deltoid
203 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
CNS
Meninges
Dura Mater
Internal Periosteum
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
Outer layer of the meninges, made of fibrous connective tissu…
The dura mater contains veins, arteries, and nerves and attac…
CNS
This is the part of the nervous system that contains the brai…
Meninges
These are the membranes that help protect the brain and spina…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
potential difference
concentration gradient
electrochemical gradient
resting membrane potential
the difference of electrical potential between two points
the process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
a gradient of electrochemical potential, usually for an ion t…
at rest, there are relatively more sodium ions outside the ne…
potential difference
the difference of electrical potential between two points
concentration gradient
the process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes,…
Anatomy - chapter 11
CNS vs. PNS
typical neuron
synapse
4 characteristics of neurons
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
...
1. extremely long longevity (>100 years)... 2. largely amitotic…
CNS vs. PNS
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
typical neuron
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
115 terms
Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 11: Muscles and their Actions
buccinator
depressor labii inferioris
levator labii superioris
levator anguli oris
compresses cheeks
depresses lower lip
elevates upper lip
elevates corner of mouth
buccinator
compresses cheeks
depressor labii inferioris
depresses lower lip
36 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy Vocab
aorta
angina pectoris
apex
arteries
main artery leaving the heart that supplied the body with oxy…
chest pains caused by the lack of oxygen to the myocardium
the pointed inferior portion of the heart, directed toward th…
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
aorta
main artery leaving the heart that supplied the body with oxy…
angina pectoris
chest pains caused by the lack of oxygen to the myocardium
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
pericardium
heart wall
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
whole thing
the whole layer
pericardium
heart wall
whole thing
20 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
Parallel fibers
Convergent fibers
Pennate fibers
Unipennate fibers
Fibers parallel to the long... axis of muscle... • For example, bic…
A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon, aponeurosi…
• Form an angle with the tendon... • Do not move as far as paral…
Fibers on one side of tendon... • For example, extensor digitorum
Parallel fibers
Fibers parallel to the long... axis of muscle... • For example, bic…
Convergent fibers
A broad area converges on attachment site (tendon, aponeurosi…
51 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
CNS
PNS
dendrites
cell body
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
branches, where neuron receives stimuli from environment or o…
contains nucleus, organelles
CNS
brain and spinal cord responsible for integrating, processing…
PNS
nerves that are coming out the spinal chord and brain
116 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neuron
Receptors
The brain and spinal cord. Is responsible for integrating, pr…
Includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS
A cell in neural tissue that is specialized for intercellular…
Sensory structures that detect changes in the internal or ext…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord. Is responsible for integrating, pr…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Includes all the neural tissue outside the CNS
51 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
44 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Vocab
endocrine system
hormone
target cells
prostaglandins
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
those cells with specific receptors for hormone molecules
a group of compounds with powerful, hormonelike effects
endocrine system
cells, tissues, and organs that secrete hormones directly int…
hormone
substance that an endocrine gland secretes and that blood or…
52 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
The central nervous system consists of..
The peripheral nervous system consists…
The sensory or afferent division
What are the two different sectors of…
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
Signals toward CNS
a. The somatic nervous system... b. the autonomic nervous system
The central nervous system consists of..
CNS = brain + spinal cord ... - nuclei + tracts in CNS ... -- gangl…
The peripheral nervous system consists…
1. Sensory or afferent division... 2. Motor, or efferent divisio…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Origin of muscle
Insertion of muscle
From insertion to origin
Skeletal muscles have a rich blood sup…
Less moveable attachment of a muscle
More moveable attachment of the muscle
In which direction do muscle typically pull?
What medication are taken intramuscularly
Origin of muscle
Less moveable attachment of a muscle
Insertion of muscle
More moveable attachment of the muscle
Anatomy terms chapter 11
ampula
crista ampullaris
saccule and utricle
bony labyrinth
ampula
crista ampullaris
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11 Brain
Sulclus
Gyrus
Meninges
Hemispheres
spaces between folds
raised folds, increase surface area
three layers of connectie tissue that cover brain and spine... 1…
Two sides of cerebrum
Sulclus
spaces between folds
Gyrus
raised folds, increase surface area
161 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
abdominal aorta
angina pectoris
anterior cerebral artery
anterior interventricular artery
...
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
...
...
abdominal aorta
...
angina pectoris
severe, suffocating chest pain caused by brief lack of oxygen…
56 terms
Anatomy - chapter 11
CNS vs. PNS
typical neuron
synapse
4 characteristics of neurons
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
...
1. extremely long longevity (>100 years)... 2. largely amitotic…
CNS vs. PNS
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
typical neuron
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
56 terms
Anatomy - chapter 11
CNS vs. PNS
typical neuron
synapse
4 characteristics of neurons
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
...
1. extremely long longevity (>100 years)... 2. largely amitotic…
CNS vs. PNS
CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: nerves that radiate off of cr…
typical neuron
cell that gives nervous tissue ability to conduct, large and…
18 terms
Anatomy chapter 11 vocab
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
Conducts impulses from the CNS to cardiac muscles, smooth mus…
The conducting region of the neuron... -It generates nerve impul…
1. Action potential
A brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplitude…
2. Astrocytes
A neuroglia located in the CNS, shaped like a delicate branch…
24 terms
anatomy chapter 11 vocab
Isometric contraction
Isotonic Contraction
Motor unit
Myofibril
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
consists of one somatic efferent neuron and all of the muscle…
any of the elongated contractile threads found in striated mu…
Isometric contraction
a type of strength training in which the joint angle and musc…
Isotonic Contraction
two types, concentric and eccentric. The muscle tension rises…
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
600
40%, 50%
form, contour
Endomysium
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
Muscles, along with the skeleton, determine the _____ and ___…
Delicate connective tissue membrane that covers skeletal musc…
600
The body contains more than ______ skeletal muscles
40%, 50%
From ______ to ______ of body weight is skeletal muscle
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Functions of nervous system
Astrocyte
Microglia
Ependymal cells
a. Gather sensory input... b. Integrate sensory input... c. Cause r…
star shaped, support neurons, mop up K+, recycle neurotransmi…
transform into a macrophage
line central cavities of brain and spinal cord, beat cilia to…
Functions of nervous system
a. Gather sensory input... b. Integrate sensory input... c. Cause r…
Astrocyte
star shaped, support neurons, mop up K+, recycle neurotransmi…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Vocab Anatomy
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
: An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potenti…
: Are the most abundant and versatile glial cells and they su…
: Is the system that consists of visceral motor nerve fibers…
: Is the conducting region of the neuron and it generates ner…
1. Action potential
: An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potenti…
2. Astrocytes
: Are the most abundant and versatile glial cells and they su…
42 terms
Chapter 11 - Anatomy
Naming of muscles
Origin
Insertion
Agonidt
What movement it produces, where it's located, what its attac…
Less movable/more stable attachment point
More movable/less stable attachment point
Muscle that contracts during movement
Naming of muscles
What movement it produces, where it's located, what its attac…
Origin
Less movable/more stable attachment point
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11
Muscles produce ________
Exert force on tendons -->
One bone must be stationary while
Muscles grouped by
Movement
Tendons pull bones and structures
Another bone moves in response to muscle contraction
Opposing pairs
Muscles produce ________
Movement
Exert force on tendons -->
Tendons pull bones and structures
68 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
Multipolar
multi polar
bipolar
bipolar
processes extend from cell body ... all are dendrites ... include:…
rare; found in some special sensory organs... never myelinated... f…
Multipolar
processes extend from cell body ... all are dendrites ... include:…
multi polar
7 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
parallel construction
convergent construction
pennate
levers
produce most mvt on tendon
alter direction of pull or contraction... different directional…
exhibit most force... don't move insertion as much as parallel
-rigid structure that moves on fixed point (fulcrum)... -changes…
parallel construction
produce most mvt on tendon
convergent construction
alter direction of pull or contraction... different directional…
20 terms
chapter 11 vocab anatomy
cardiovascular system
mediastinum
pericardium
atria
another term for circulatory system.
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood…
cardiovascular system
another term for circulatory system.
mediastinum
a membranous partition between two body cavities or two parts…
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
The Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
Interpretation of sensory input.
Respond to Stimuli by activating effector organs.
The Nervous System
The master controlling and communicating system of the body.…
Sensory Input
Monitor stimuli inside and outside the body.
104 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11: Axial Muscles
What positions the head and vertebral…
What does the axial musculature not do?
What are the four general groups of th…
Pelvic outlet muscles assist in what?
Axial Musculature
Does not stabilize the limbs on their attachment.
Head and neck ... Vertebral column... Body wall muscles ... Pelvic out…
Sexual response, and close the inferior pelvic opening.
What positions the head and vertebral…
Axial Musculature
What does the axial musculature not do?
Does not stabilize the limbs on their attachment.
Anatomy chapter 11
Functions of blood
composition of blood
plasma
hematopoesis
Distribute oxygen and nutrients, regulate body temperature, a…
55% Plasm
(physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from s…
is the formation of blood cells; WBC & RBC produced within my…
Functions of blood
Distribute oxygen and nutrients, regulate body temperature, a…
composition of blood
55% Plasm
18 terms
Vocab Chapter 11 Anatomy
1) Action Potential
2) Astrocytes
3) Autonomic
4) Axon
Action potential is the brief reversal of membrane potential…
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.…
Autonomic refers to such actions as the pumping of our heart…
An axon is the neuron body that carries impulses away from th…
1) Action Potential
Action potential is the brief reversal of membrane potential…
2) Astrocytes
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.…
69 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy
cardiovascular system
coverings of the heart
pericardium
visceral pericardium
transports nutrients to cells throughout the body and removes…
pericardium, visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium
a double-layered serous membrane that surrounds the heart
covering next to the heart
cardiovascular system
transports nutrients to cells throughout the body and removes…
coverings of the heart
pericardium, visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium
51 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 11)
CNS
PNS
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (Efferent)
Brain and spinal Cord
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
-Carries nerve impulses towards the CNS
-Carries nerve impulses away from CNS... - Divides into Somatic…
CNS
Brain and spinal Cord
PNS
Cranial/ spinal nerves & ganglia... -Divides into Sensory and mo…
18 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy Vocab
1. action potential
2. astrocytes
3. autonomic
4. axon
is a brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplit…
a neuroglia cell that is found in the CNS that are shaped as…
consists of visceral motor nerve fibers that regulate the act…
generates nerve impulses and transmits them, typically away f…
1. action potential
is a brief reversal of membrane potential with a total amplit…
2. astrocytes
a neuroglia cell that is found in the CNS that are shaped as…
44 terms
Chapter 11 Anatomy Terms
What does the endocrine system do for…
Hypothalamus (location & function)
What are the major functions of the hy…
How does the hypothalamus control body…
Controls and monitors organs and glands and secretes many hor…
Located deep in the brain inferior to the thalamus; maintains…
Metabolism, heart rate, energy, body temperature
Stimulates SNS
What does the endocrine system do for…
Controls and monitors organs and glands and secretes many hor…
Hypothalamus (location & function)
Located deep in the brain inferior to the thalamus; maintains…
45 terms
Anatomy Chapter 11
Levator Scapulae
Pectoralis Minor
Serratus Anterior
Subclavius
Elevates the scapula
Protracts the shoulder
Protracts the scapula
Protracts the scapula
Levator Scapulae
Elevates the scapula
Pectoralis Minor
Protracts the shoulder
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