Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 12"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 12"

10 terms
Chapter 12 heart anatomy
tricuspid
mitral
endocardium
pericardium
valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
bicuspid valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
inner lining of the heart
double layer membrane (with fluid beween layers) that surroun…
tricuspid
valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
mitral
bicuspid valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Hematocrit (HCT)
Plasma
Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
Erythropoietin
Percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample
Percentage of clear straw-colored liquid in a blood sample
The most numerous cellular component of the body
A hormone released by the kidneys that stimulates red blood c…
Hematocrit (HCT)
Percentage of red blood cells in a blood sample
Plasma
Percentage of clear straw-colored liquid in a blood sample
26 terms
Anatomy -Blood - chapter 12
universal donor
thrombus
pus
thrombosis
O-
blood clot
fluid excreted from a wound
formation of a blood clot
universal donor
O-
thrombus
blood clot
Anatomy Chapter 12
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Step 1 of nervous system
Step 2 of nervous system
communicates by means of hormones secreted into the blood
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages from c…
sense organs receive information about changes in the body an…
CNS process this information and relates it to past experience
Endocrine System
communicates by means of hormones secreted into the blood
Nervous System
employs electrical and chemical means to send messages from c…
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues…
edema
lymphatic vessels
lymph
the two parts of the lymphatic system
leaked interstitial fluid that accumulates in the tissues rat…
form an elaborate drainage system that picks up excess tissue…
excess tissue fluid (clear water)
lymphatic vessels and lymphoid tissues…
the two parts of the lymphatic system
edema
leaked interstitial fluid that accumulates in the tissues rat…
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Excitability
Conductivity
Secretion
Soma
Respond to environmental stimuli
Produce electrical signals to respond to stimuli.
Release of neurotransmitters.
Control Center (neurosoma, cell body) of axon
Excitability
Respond to environmental stimuli
Conductivity
Produce electrical signals to respond to stimuli.
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
capillary
arterioles
venule
vein
capillary
arterioles
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Septum
Atrioventricular Valves (AV Valves)
List the three layers of the heart wall
Describe epicardium
1. Separates left/right atrial (interartial septum)... 2. Separa…
1. Located between atrium and ventricle... 2. Chordae tendinae a…
-Epicardium... -Myocardium... -Endocardium
Outermost layer (visceral pericardium)
Septum
1. Separates left/right atrial (interartial septum)... 2. Separa…
Atrioventricular Valves (AV Valves)
1. Located between atrium and ventricle... 2. Chordae tendinae a…
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12 (neurons)
Roles of neurons:
Afferent
Efferent
CNS is composed of
1. control activities of organ systems... 2. allow for communica…
brings stimuli toward CNS- sensory
takes stimuli away from CNS - motor
brain and spinal cord
Roles of neurons:
1. control activities of organ systems... 2. allow for communica…
Afferent
brings stimuli toward CNS- sensory
Anatomy Chapter12
Neuron
Types of Neurons
Unipolar... Bipolar... Multipolar
Neuroglia: 6 types
Functional cells responsible for nervous system signally
1. Sensory: (sense change) Carry sensory information into the…
Unipolar: (sensory) One process from cell body that branches…
1. Astrocytes: (CNS) Control ionic environment (barrier betwe…
Neuron
Functional cells responsible for nervous system signally
Types of Neurons
1. Sensory: (sense change) Carry sensory information into the…
Anatomy Chapter 12-14 Vocabulary
action potential
axon
central nervous system
dendrite
nerve impulse, membrane potential
in neuron, the single process that extends from the axon hill…
the brain and spinal cord
branching or tree like nerve cell process that receives input…
action potential
nerve impulse, membrane potential
axon
in neuron, the single process that extends from the axon hill…
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
What is blood?
How many red blood cells are in a huma…
What is the function of blood?
Describe all characteristics of blood
A type of connective tissue thats a complex mixture of cells,…
About 25 trillion
Transports substances throughout the body and helps maintain…
RBC or Erythrocytes are biconcave discs that transport gases.…
What is blood?
A type of connective tissue thats a complex mixture of cells,…
How many red blood cells are in a huma…
About 25 trillion
Anatomy chapter 12
functional of the nervous system
basic divisions of the nervous system
Nerve
nuerons
sensory imput... intergration ... motor output
CNS... PNS -somatic sensory... -visceral sensory... -somatic motor…
a collection of nerve PNS fibers
Nerve cell... -conduct electrical signals... -extreme longevity... -do…
functional of the nervous system
sensory imput... intergration ... motor output
basic divisions of the nervous system
CNS... PNS -somatic sensory... -visceral sensory... -somatic motor…
38 terms
Anatomy-#4-Chapter 12
Three functions of nervous system:
What is the difference between the cen…
what are nerves?
what is ganglia?
1-Receives/collects info... 2-Interprets/processes info... 3-Initia…
Central= anatomic division; includes brain & spinal cord... --br…
=bundles of neuron processes/fibers (send impulses of sensati…
=clusters of neuron cell bodies (only in PNS)
Three functions of nervous system:
1-Receives/collects info... 2-Interprets/processes info... 3-Initia…
What is the difference between the cen…
Central= anatomic division; includes brain & spinal cord... --br…
52 terms
Anatomy chapter 12
Brain regions and organization
Embryonic development of the human brain
Ventricles of the brain
Brain development
Brain regions and organization
Embryonic development of the human brain
anatomy chapter 12
Neural tube
the four regions of the brain
grey matter
white matter
the embryonic structure of the brain and spinal cord ... fun fac…
cerebral hemispheres... diencephalon... brain stem... cerebrellum
neuron cell bodies
myelinated nerve fibers
Neural tube
the embryonic structure of the brain and spinal cord ... fun fac…
the four regions of the brain
cerebral hemispheres... diencephalon... brain stem... cerebrellum
167 terms
Anatomy chapter 12
The integrative functions of the nervo…
The highest density of voltage-gated i…
The soma of a mature neuron lacks
the glial cells that fight infections…
interneurons
nodes of Ranvier
centrioles
microglia
The integrative functions of the nervo…
interneurons
The highest density of voltage-gated i…
nodes of Ranvier
147 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Nervous system
Neurons
Neuroglia
Organs of the nervous system
includes all neural tissue in the body
Cells that send and receive signals.
Cells that support and protect neurons. Half the volume of th…
Brain and spinal chord
Nervous system
includes all neural tissue in the body
Neurons
Cells that send and receive signals.
120 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nerv…
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Collect information... Process and evalua…
Two structural divisions of the nervous system
Composed of brain and spinal cord
Composed of neruons and neruoglial cells found outside the ne…
Three general functions of the nervous system
Central Nervous System... Peripheral Nerv…
Two structural divisions of the nervous system
Central Nervous System
Composed of brain and spinal cord
87 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
somatic sensory
visceral sensory
somatic motor
visceral motor
general somatic senses... receptors spread throughout outer tube…
general visceral senses... ex: hunger, nausea, stretch, urinary…
general somatic motor - signals contraction of skeletal muscl…
PNS ... regulates the contraction of smooth and cardiac muscle a…
somatic sensory
general somatic senses... receptors spread throughout outer tube…
visceral sensory
general visceral senses... ex: hunger, nausea, stretch, urinary…
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
pectoralis minor
pectoralis major
deltoid
biceps brachii
between ribs and coracoid process... depression of the scapula
origin: cartilages of ribs 2-6, body of sternum, inferior med…
abduction of humerus... axillary nerves
origin: long head- coracoid process of scapula... short head- s…
pectoralis minor
between ribs and coracoid process... depression of the scapula
pectoralis major
origin: cartilages of ribs 2-6, body of sternum, inferior med…
32 terms
Chapter 12 anatomy
vestibular organs
semicircular canals
perilymph
endolymph
Set of 5... 3 semicircular canals and 2 otolith organs... Provide a…
3 toroidal tubes in the vestibular system that sense angular…
Fluid that fills the outer part of the semicircular canals
Fluid that fills the inner membrane of semicircular canals
vestibular organs
Set of 5... 3 semicircular canals and 2 otolith organs... Provide a…
semicircular canals
3 toroidal tubes in the vestibular system that sense angular…
39 terms
chapter 12 and 13 anatomy
nervous system
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
two main cell types
master control and communicating system... sensory receptors mon…
brain and spinal cord
nerves and ganglia... consist of nerves extending from brain and…
neurons : transmit electrical signals... support cells: (neurogl…
nervous system
master control and communicating system... sensory receptors mon…
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Precentral gyrus
Postcentral gyrus
Cerebral lateralization
Projection tracts
primary motor area
primary sensory area
assignment of different tasks to different hemispheres, corre…
either ascend to or descend from the cerebral cortex from low…
Precentral gyrus
primary motor area
Postcentral gyrus
primary sensory area
chapter 12-- heart human anatomy
Anemia
Hemophilia
Heart attack
Blocked coronary artery
reduces the ability to make hemoglobin, and red blood cells a…
genetic disorder where clotting of wounds is abnormal and abs…
occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries become bloc…
what can cause muscle in the heart to die?
Anemia
reduces the ability to make hemoglobin, and red blood cells a…
Hemophilia
genetic disorder where clotting of wounds is abnormal and abs…
77 terms
anatomy chapter 12
Opioids relieve pain by blocking the r…
The afferent division of the PNS _____…
Neuroglia perform all of these functio…
If a nerve cell receives many IPSPs at…
substance P.
carries sensory information
release neurotransmitters
it will show spatial summation
Opioids relieve pain by blocking the r…
substance P.
The afferent division of the PNS _____…
carries sensory information
25 terms
Anatomy vocab chapter 12
brainstem
broca's area
cerebellum
cerebral cortex
one of four adult brain regions that contain the midbrain, po…
One of four motor areas of the frontal lobe. ... - It has been l…
cauliflower-like, exceeds in size only by the cerebrum, accou…
the "executive suite" of the nervous system, where our consci…
brainstem
one of four adult brain regions that contain the midbrain, po…
broca's area
One of four motor areas of the frontal lobe. ... - It has been l…
90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (A…
active immunity
adaptive (specific) defense system
afferent lymphatic vessels
...
immunity produced by an encounter with an antigen; provides i…
...
...
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (A…
...
active immunity
immunity produced by an encounter with an antigen; provides i…
30 terms
Anatomy chapter 12
4 Major compounds
Carbs
lipids
Proteins
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
energy
fats... saturated(solids at room temp)... unsaturated( liquids)
made up of amino acids... many jobs- structural, enzymes, hormones
4 Major compounds
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Carbs
energy
29 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy
Three functions of the Nervous System
Two FUNCTIONAL divisions
Two SENSORY divisions
Sensory Somatic
Collect information, process information, initiate response t…
Sensory... Motor
Somatic... Visceral
detect stimuli we can consciously perceive
Three functions of the Nervous System
Collect information, process information, initiate response t…
Two FUNCTIONAL divisions
Sensory... Motor
Chapter 12 anatomy physiology
list and label the 4 major brain regions
identify / label/describe the ventricles
brain ventricles
define gyri and sulci
1. cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon... 3. cerebellum... 4. Brain stem
1. lateral ventricle... 2. third ventricle... 3. cerebral aqueduct…
gyri: elevated ridges of tissue... sulci : shallow grooves mark…
list and label the 4 major brain regions
1. cerebrum... 2. Diencephalon... 3. cerebellum... 4. Brain stem
identify / label/describe the ventricles
1. lateral ventricle... 2. third ventricle... 3. cerebral aqueduct…
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 12
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Epithelial Cells
Nails, hair, sweat/oil glands and skin
Top most/protective layer of the skin
Layer of skin containing connective tissue
The living cells in the epidermal layer
Integumentary System
Nails, hair, sweat/oil glands and skin
Epidermis
Top most/protective layer of the skin
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Anatomy of Blood Vessels
Blood Vessel Tunics
Tunica Intima
Tunica Media
Three classes of blood vessels: ... Arteries, capillaries, and v…
Both artery and vein walls have three layers, called tunics.…
Innermost layer (or tunica interna)... Composed of an endotheliu…
Middle layer ... Composed of circularly arranged layers of smoot…
Anatomy of Blood Vessels
Three classes of blood vessels: ... Arteries, capillaries, and v…
Blood Vessel Tunics
Both artery and vein walls have three layers, called tunics.…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
3 functions of nervous system
Sensory vs. Motor
Sensory : Somatic vs. Visceral
Motor: Somatic vs. Autonomic
1. collects information ... 2. processes and evaluates informati…
Sensory: responsible for receiving sensory information from r…
Somatic: detects stimuli that we consciously perceive, eyes &…
somatic: effector consciously controlled (pressing accelerato…
3 functions of nervous system
1. collects information ... 2. processes and evaluates informati…
Sensory vs. Motor
Sensory: responsible for receiving sensory information from r…
78 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
- transportation of O2, CO2, nutrients…
fluid tissue
blood
erythrocytes
name the 3 functions of blood
blood is the body's only _____ _______
composed of liquid plasma and formed elements
big kid name for RBCs
- transportation of O2, CO2, nutrients…
name the 3 functions of blood
fluid tissue
blood is the body's only _____ _______
178 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
nervous system
endocrine system
function of the nervous system
sensory function
complex sytem primarily dedicated to maintaining homestasis;…
maintains homeostasis; slower than nervous system, but lasts…
sensory, integration, motor
sensory receptors gather information about internal and exter…
nervous system
complex sytem primarily dedicated to maintaining homestasis;…
endocrine system
maintains homeostasis; slower than nervous system, but lasts…
Anatomy chapter 12 flashcard
Nervous system
CNS organization structurally
PNS organization structurally
Nerve
communication and control system
brain and spinal chord
nerves & ganglia
fiber bundles
Nervous system
communication and control system
CNS organization structurally
brain and spinal chord
112 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy
Neural Groove
Neural Crests
Primary Brain Vesicles
Gray Matter
Developmental part forming the Central Nervous System; this f…
Developmental part forming the Peripheral Nervous System
Know All These. Visit Powerpoint for more detailed informatio…
Short nonmyelinated neurons and cell bodies, area of all the…
Neural Groove
Developmental part forming the Central Nervous System; this f…
Neural Crests
Developmental part forming the Peripheral Nervous System
81 terms
chapter 12 anatomy
Neurons
Neuroglia (glial cells)
What are the organs of the nervous sys…
nerves
Cells that send and receive signals.
Cells that support and protect neurons.
Brain, spinal cord, and sensory receptors of sense organs (ey…
Connect nervous system with other systems.
Neurons
Cells that send and receive signals.
Neuroglia (glial cells)
Cells that support and protect neurons.
106 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
Functions of Nervous System
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor output
Uses sensory receptors to monitor changes occurring both insi…
Processes and interprets the sensory input, making decisions…
Dictates a response by activating effector organs - our muscl…
Functions of Nervous System
1. Sensory Input... 2. Integration... 3. Motor output
Sensory Input
Uses sensory receptors to monitor changes occurring both insi…
79 terms
Principles of Anatomy & Physiology, Chapter 12, Nervous Tissue
Neuron
Axon
Dendrites
Axon Hillock
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
Short branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to re…
Portion of the neuron that connects the cell body, soma, to t…
Neuron
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
Axon
A long projection off the cell body of a neruon down which an…
126 terms
Anatomy chapter 12
are glands that produce and secrete su…
are glands of the endocrine system tha…
consists of the brain and spinal cord,…
consist of the nervous tissue past the…
exocrine glands
endocrine glands
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
are glands that produce and secrete su…
exocrine glands
are glands of the endocrine system tha…
endocrine glands
13 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy
sclera
cornea
choroid
iris
outer protective layer of the eye; the portion seen on the an…
transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is anterior to…
middle layer of the eye, which is interlaced with many blood…
pigmented muscular structure that regulates the amount of lig…
sclera
outer protective layer of the eye; the portion seen on the an…
cornea
transparent anterior part of the sclera, which is anterior to…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12&13
antibody
antigens
aorta
arterioles
Large Y-shaped proteins that proteins thatB cells of the immu…
proteins found on some red blood cells that stimulate the pro…
the largest artery in the body; receives blood from the left…
small branches of arteries that carry blood between arteries…
antibody
Large Y-shaped proteins that proteins thatB cells of the immu…
antigens
proteins found on some red blood cells that stimulate the pro…
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 12
plasma
erythrocytes
hemoglobin
oxyhemoglobin
A complex mixture of water, amino acids, proteins, carbohydra…
Term used to refer to red blood cells.
An iron-containing protein in red blood cells that reversibly…
Created when hemoglobin combines with oxygen
plasma
A complex mixture of water, amino acids, proteins, carbohydra…
erythrocytes
Term used to refer to red blood cells.
82 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
divisions of the peripheral nervous sy…
physiological subdivision types
brain and spinal cord
all other nervous tissue
physiological and autonomic subdivisions
sensory (periphery to CNS) and motor (CNS to periphery)
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
all other nervous tissue
27 terms
brain chapter 12 anatomy
3 parts of the brain stem
2 parts of diencephalon
brain lobes
mudulla oblongta, mid brain and pons
thalamus and hpoyhalamus
3 parts of the brain stem
mudulla oblongta, mid brain and pons
2 parts of diencephalon
thalamus and hpoyhalamus
6 terms
Chapter 12 heart anatomy
tricuspid
mitral
endocardium
pericardium
valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
bicuspid valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
inner lining of the heart
double layer membrane (with fluid beween layers) that surroun…
tricuspid
valve between the right atrium and right ventricle
mitral
bicuspid valve between the left atrium and left ventricle
53 terms
Chapter 12 Anatomy
Function of Lymphatic system
lymph
What direction does lymph move
how does lymph defy gravity?
transports escaped fluids back to blood... body defense and resi…
clear excess tissue fluid... carries harmful material that must…
towards heart
contraction of skeletal muscle and smooth muscle in vessel wa…
Function of Lymphatic system
transports escaped fluids back to blood... body defense and resi…
lymph
clear excess tissue fluid... carries harmful material that must…
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 12
CNS
Ectoderm
cephalization
neural tube
brain and spinal cord
neural plate forms from this during embryonic development
development of the head
gives rise to the brain and spinal cord during embryonic deve…
CNS
brain and spinal cord
Ectoderm
neural plate forms from this during embryonic development
1 of 10