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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 13"

12 terms
Anatomy chapter 13
What is the cauda equina?
List the meninges in order from the in…
How can there be seven cervical verteb…
Spinal taps are usually taken in the l…
degenerative lumbosacral stenosis, Nerve roots extending belo…
Dura mater is the 0uter layer of the spinal cord. It is known…
That's because the first cervical nerve falls right between t…
The thoracic spine has the spinal cord in it (as does the cer…
What is the cauda equina?
degenerative lumbosacral stenosis, Nerve roots extending belo…
List the meninges in order from the in…
Dura mater is the 0uter layer of the spinal cord. It is known…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 Surface Anatomy
Surface Anatomy
Four techniques are used when examinin…
Head Region
Cranium
A branch of gross anatomy that examines shapes and markings o…
- Visual Inspection... -Palpation (feeling and identifying struc…
Most complex and highly integrated region of the body because…
Covered by the scalp. ... Three regions: Frontal, Temporal, and…
Surface Anatomy
A branch of gross anatomy that examines shapes and markings o…
Four techniques are used when examinin…
- Visual Inspection... -Palpation (feeling and identifying struc…
57 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 13
angina pectoris
angioplasty (balloon surgery)
aorta
aortic semilunar valve
severe chest pain caused by lack of blood supply to the heart
balloon surgery to open blocked blood vessels
largest artery in body, rising from the left ventricle of the…
made up of thee half-moon-shaped cups, located between the ju…
angina pectoris
severe chest pain caused by lack of blood supply to the heart
angioplasty (balloon surgery)
balloon surgery to open blocked blood vessels
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
venous reserve
circulatory shock
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
oxygen remaining in the blood after it passes through the cap…
Term for the failure of the cardiovascular system to provide…
Carries oxygen-depleted blood from the heart to the lungs and…
carries oxygen-rich (oxygenated) blood returning from the lun…
venous reserve
oxygen remaining in the blood after it passes through the cap…
circulatory shock
Term for the failure of the cardiovascular system to provide…
26 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
grey matter
white matter
conus medularis
cauda equina
-cell bodies... -short nonmyelinated neurons... 2+ regions... - outer…
-myelinated axons ... -nonmyelinated axons... dorsal hollow nerve c…
end of actual spinal cord
fibers from the conus medularis
grey matter
-cell bodies... -short nonmyelinated neurons... 2+ regions... - outer…
white matter
-myelinated axons ... -nonmyelinated axons... dorsal hollow nerve c…
7 terms
Chapter 13: Surface anatomy
Surface anatomy examination (4)
_______ ________: landmark for many th…
Suprasternal angle
Xiphoid process
1. Visual inspection... 2. Percussion... 3. Palpation... 4. Auscultation
Sternal angle
where the trunk meets the neck
palpate to locate place for chest compressions
Surface anatomy examination (4)
1. Visual inspection... 2. Percussion... 3. Palpation... 4. Auscultation
_______ ________: landmark for many th…
Sternal angle
31 terms
Anatomy CH13
gyri
sulci
fissures
rostral
exhibits folds
shallow depression
deep grooves
anterior, "toward the nose"
gyri
exhibits folds
sulci
shallow depression
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 Diagrams
nasal cavity
nostril
larynx
trachea
A
B
C
D
nasal cavity
A
nostril
B
74 terms
Anatomy chapter 13
Nervous system characteristics
CNS
PNS
Afferent Division of PNS
controls and adjusts activity of the body ... Provides swift but…
Central Nervous system ... associated with the brain and spinal…
Peripheral Nervous system ... Associated with the tissue outside…
Brings sensory info to the CNS
Nervous system characteristics
controls and adjusts activity of the body ... Provides swift but…
CNS
Central Nervous system ... associated with the brain and spinal…
29 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 13)
Brainstem
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Cerebrum
Connects spinal cord to the brain; integration of reflexes ne…
Controls locomotion, balance, posture
Homeostasis
Conscious thought and control... -Largest portion of the brain
Brainstem
Connects spinal cord to the brain; integration of reflexes ne…
Cerebellum
Controls locomotion, balance, posture
86 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Receptors
Classification of receptors is based on:
Mechanoreceptors
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
Stimulus type, Location, and Structural complexity
respond to touch, pressure, vibration, stretch, and itch
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
All neural structures outside the brain including, Sensory re…
Sensory Receptors
Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stimu…
157 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
C
C
C
D
Another name for a heart attack is a(n)... Select one:... a. none o…
Another name for the parietal pericardium is the... Select one:…
Another name for the visceral pericardium is the... Select one:…
Blood that has just passed through the bicuspid valve is in t…
C
Another name for a heart attack is a(n)... Select one:... a. none o…
C
Another name for the parietal pericardium is the... Select one:…
47 terms
Chapter 13 Anatomy
Nervous System
Basic division of nervous system
Sensory (afferent)
Motor (efferent)
-THE master control and communications center in the body... -Co…
look in notes
Carry signals TO brain/spinal cord
Carry signals FROM brain/spinal cord
Nervous System
-THE master control and communications center in the body... -Co…
Basic division of nervous system
look in notes
73 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
alveolar macrophages
alveoli
apex
asthma
...
(1) a general term referring to a small cavity or depression…
...
disease or allergic response characterized by bronchial spasm…
alveolar macrophages
...
alveoli
(1) a general term referring to a small cavity or depression…
34 terms
jancich anatomy chapter 13 cardiovascular system
cardio
vascular
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
heart
blood vessels
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
circuit of blood flow that carries blood between the heart an…
cardio
heart
vascular
blood vessels
24 terms
Chapter 13 Anatomy
posterior median sulcus
anterior median sulcus
elargements
cervical enlargement
a shallow longitudinal groove posterior of the spinal cord
a deeper groove along the anterior surface
segements of the spinal cord that contain large amount of gra…
supplies nerves to shoulders and upper limbs
posterior median sulcus
a shallow longitudinal groove posterior of the spinal cord
anterior median sulcus
a deeper groove along the anterior surface
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
epicardium
myocardium
endocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
Consists of epithelium and connective tissue that contains ma…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
epicardium
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
77 terms
Chapter 13 Anatomy
PNS
Sensory Receptors
Sensation
Perception
Cranial Nerves... Spinal Nerves... Ganglia
Activation results in grades potentials that trigger nerve im…
awareness of stimulus / changes in the internal and external…
interpretation of meaning of stimulus
PNS
Cranial Nerves... Spinal Nerves... Ganglia
Sensory Receptors
Activation results in grades potentials that trigger nerve im…
51 terms
Chapter 13 anatomy
Length of the spinal cord
Where does the spinal cord end
Conus medullaris
Filum terminale
18 inches
between L1 and L2
Thin, conical spinal cord below lumbar enlargement
Thin thread of fibrous tissue... at end of conus medullaris • At…
Length of the spinal cord
18 inches
Where does the spinal cord end
between L1 and L2
54 terms
Chapter 13 Anatomy
Mechanoreceptors
Thermoreceptors
Photoreceptors
Chemoreceptors
respond is mechanical force such as touch, pressure (includin…
respond to temperature change
such as those of the reinta of the eye, respond to light
respond to chemcials in solution (molecules smelled or tasted…
Mechanoreceptors
respond is mechanical force such as touch, pressure (includin…
Thermoreceptors
respond to temperature change
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
Pericardium
Pericardial Cavity
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
The space between the parietal and visceral layers of the per…
Inner membrane of the heart wall. Protects the heart by reduc…
Middle membrane of the heart wall. Consists mostly of cardiac…
Pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Pericardial Cavity
The space between the parietal and visceral layers of the per…
90 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Reflex Circuits
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
White Matter in the spinal cord:
What is the spinal cord a continuation…
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
contains major sensory and motor tracts to and from brain
Medulla Oblongata
Reflex Circuits
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
Anatomy Chapter 13 vocab
Nasal cavity
Conchae
Paranasal sinuses
Thyroid cartilage
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cra…
Fleshy lobes in the nasal cavity which increase its surface a…
-air-filled cavities lined with mucous membrane, located in t…
A firm prominence of cartilage that forms the upper part of t…
Nasal cavity
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cra…
Conchae
Fleshy lobes in the nasal cavity which increase its surface a…
16 terms
Chapter 13 Vocab Anatomy
Respiratory System
Respiration
Nose
Nasal Cavity
the set of organs that allows a person to breathe and exchang…
a process in living organisms involving the production of ene…
the part projecting above the mouth on the face of a person o…
a large air filled space above and behind the nose in the mid…
Respiratory System
the set of organs that allows a person to breathe and exchang…
Respiration
a process in living organisms involving the production of ene…
29 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 13)
Brainstem
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Cerebrum
Connects spinal cord to the brain; integration of reflexes ne…
Controls locomotion, balance, posture
Homeostasis
Conscious thought and control... -Largest portion of the brain
Brainstem
Connects spinal cord to the brain; integration of reflexes ne…
Cerebellum
Controls locomotion, balance, posture
11 terms
anatomy chapter 13
cerebrum
broca's aphasia
wernick's aphasia
homunculus
largest portion of the brain
broken speech even though comprehension is intact (can unders…
fluent speech with absence of meaning (cannot understand)
graphically shows how much area of the cerebrum is controllin…
cerebrum
largest portion of the brain
broca's aphasia
broken speech even though comprehension is intact (can unders…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
The large onion-shaped receptors that…
Proprioceptors all of the following ex…
The aspect of sensory perception by wh…
The neural machinery of the spinal cor…
Lamellar Corpuscles
Tactile Disks
Spatial Discrimination
Segmental Level
The large onion-shaped receptors that…
Lamellar Corpuscles
Proprioceptors all of the following ex…
Tactile Disks
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
pulmonary veins
external jugular vein
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
spinal meninges
layers of the spinal meninges
dura mater
arachnoid mater
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
tough collagenous membrane surrounded by epidural space fille…
layer of simple squamous epithelium lining dura mater and loo…
spinal meninges
specialized membranes surrounding the spinal cord that provid…
layers of the spinal meninges
3 fibrous layers: dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 13
Lymphatic System
Pathogens
Bacteria
Disease
The system that protects your body from foreign invaders
Harmful germs
One-celled organisms that can multiply quickly
Something that upsets the natural working of a body
Lymphatic System
The system that protects your body from foreign invaders
Pathogens
Harmful germs
9 terms
Chapter 13 Anatomy
auricle (pinna)
external auditory (meatus)
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
eustachian tube
located on both sides of the head
short tube that ends at the tympanic membrane
semitransparent membrane that separates the external auditory…
connects the middle ear and the pharynx
auricle (pinna)
located on both sides of the head
external auditory (meatus)
short tube that ends at the tympanic membrane
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13/14
spinal nerves
spinal meninges
dura mater (spine)
epidural space
-31 segments... -mixed nerves... -contains pair of dorsal roots/ven…
-specialized membranes that surround spinal cord... -provide phy…
-densest layer (dense fibrous connective tissue of dense coll…
separates dura mater from walls of vertebral canal
spinal nerves
-31 segments... -mixed nerves... -contains pair of dorsal roots/ven…
spinal meninges
-specialized membranes that surround spinal cord... -provide phy…
Anatomy Chapter 13
axon
endoneurium
optic & olfactory
ganglion
many nerve fibers
the covering around a bundle of nerves
sensory function nerves
"knot in thread" site of neuron cell bodies in the PNS; have…
axon
many nerve fibers
endoneurium
the covering around a bundle of nerves
129 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13
rostral
caudal
Right and left lateral ventricles
Third ventricle
towards the snout (nose) (anterior)
towards the tail (tailbone) (posterior)
serve cerebral hemispheres
serve diencephalon (thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus) and…
rostral
towards the snout (nose) (anterior)
caudal
towards the tail (tailbone) (posterior)
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
major function
brain
foramen magnum
enlarges
The _____ of the spinal cord is to provide conduction routes…
Ascending tracts conduct impulses up the cord to the _____, a…
The spinal cord extends from the _____ to the end of the firs…
The spinal cord _____ in two areas to provide more area for n…
major function
The _____ of the spinal cord is to provide conduction routes…
brain
Ascending tracts conduct impulses up the cord to the _____, a…
14 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 13
venous reserve
circulatory shock
pulmonary circuit
systemic circuit
oxygen remaining in the blood after it passes through the cap…
Term for the failure of the cardiovascular system to provide…
carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to…
carries oxygen-rich (oxygenated) blood returning from the lun…
venous reserve
oxygen remaining in the blood after it passes through the cap…
circulatory shock
Term for the failure of the cardiovascular system to provide…
70 terms
Chapter 13 Neural Tissue Anatomy
Function of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent Division
controls and adjusts the activity of the body, provides sift…
brain and spinal cord; integrates, processes, and coordinates…
tissue outside CNS; provides sensory information to the CNS a…
brings sensory information to the CNS; further divides into s…
Function of the Nervous System
controls and adjusts the activity of the body, provides sift…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
brain and spinal cord; integrates, processes, and coordinates…
118 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 13
spinal cord
four principle functions of the spinal…
central pattern generators
spinal cord is divided into these regi…
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
simple, repetitive muscle contractions that put one foot in f…
- cervical... - thoracic... - lumbar... - sacral
spinal cord
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem, at…
four principle functions of the spinal…
-conduction (moves info up and down cord)... - neural integratio…
14 terms
Chapter 13-Surface Anatomy
Anterior Triangle... Posterior Triangle
Skull bones
pharynx
What are the two important triangles in the lateral sternocle…
Which of the following are origin sites for facial muscles?
commonly called the throat
Anterior Triangle... Posterior Triangle
What are the two important triangles in the lateral sternocle…
Skull bones
Which of the following are origin sites for facial muscles?
51 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 13
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Afferent division of the PNS
Efferent division of the PNS
includes the brain and the spinal cord; responsible for integ…
provides sensory information to the CNS and carries motor com…
brings sensory information to the CNS; information going to t…
carries motor commands to muscles and glands; information goi…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
includes the brain and the spinal cord; responsible for integ…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
provides sensory information to the CNS and carries motor com…
83 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 powerpoint
rostral
caudal
cerebrum
prosencephalon
towards the nose
toward the tail
region of the brain that grows most rapidly during embryonic…
primary brain vesicles in 4 week old embryo... the forebrain... di…
rostral
towards the nose
caudal
toward the tail
85 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 13
components of CNS
functions of the brain
nucleus
nerve tracts
brain and spinal cord
provides interpretation and integration of sensation, conscio…
nerve cell bodies within CNS "gray matter"
bundle of parallel axons within CNS "white matter"
components of CNS
brain and spinal cord
functions of the brain
provides interpretation and integration of sensation, conscio…
55 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13 cardiovascular system
pericardium
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
epicardium
myocardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
Size of the average adult heart
Corresponds to the visceral pericardium, protects the heart b…
Consists mostly of cardiac muscle tissue that pumps blood out…
pericardium
Encloses the heart and the proximal ends of the large blood v…
14 cm long and 9 cm wide
Size of the average adult heart
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13 - PNS
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory (afferent) nerves
Sensory receptors
Stimulus
Portion of the nervous system consisting of nerve, ganglia, s…
Nerves that contain processes of sensory neurons and carry im…
A cell or part of a cell specialized to respond to a stimulus
An excitant; a change in the environment that evokes a response
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Portion of the nervous system consisting of nerve, ganglia, s…
Sensory (afferent) nerves
Nerves that contain processes of sensory neurons and carry im…
48 terms
Anatomy Vocab Chapter 13
aortic
right atrium
sinoatrial node
bicuspid
the valve within the aorta
the first chamber to receive blood
also known as the pacemaker of the heart
valve between the left atrium and ventricle
aortic
the valve within the aorta
right atrium
the first chamber to receive blood
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 13: Anatomy of the Nervous System
gyri
sulci
fissures
cerebral hemispheres
ridges
shallow grooves
deep grooves; divides cerebrum from cerebellum divides hemisp…
largest portion
gyri
ridges
sulci
shallow grooves
30 terms
Chapter 13 The Respiratory System: Anatomy
Label the organs of the respiratory sy…
Nares
nasal cavity
nasal septum
nasal cavity, nostril, oral cavity, larynx, right main (prima…
openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavitie…
Located within and posterior to the nose, the nasal cavity is…
Divides the nasal cavity into left and right portions
Label the organs of the respiratory sy…
nasal cavity, nostril, oral cavity, larynx, right main (prima…
Nares
openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavitie…
73 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13
meninges
the vertebral foramina; housed is the…
Dura mater, Arachnoid mater, Pia mater
epidural space
Protective connective tissue covering that encircles the spin…
What structure of the vertebrae form the vertebral canal? Wha…
Three layers of meninges from outermost to innermost?
What is the space between the dura mater and the vertebral wa…
meninges
Protective connective tissue covering that encircles the spin…
the vertebral foramina; housed is the…
What structure of the vertebrae form the vertebral canal? Wha…
90 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 13
Reflex Circuits
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
White Matter in the spinal cord:
What is the spinal cord a continuation…
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
contains major sensory and motor tracts to and from brain
Medulla Oblongata
Reflex Circuits
-respond to environmental changes... -autonomic reaction
Grey Matter in the spinal cord:
responsible for integration of EPSP and IPSP
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 13 Images
activation of motor neuron
activation of sensory neuron
anterior gray commissure
anterior gray horn
activation of motor neuron
activation of sensory neuron
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