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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 2 compounds guide"

24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Organic Compounds
four organic compounds
primary energy source
disaccharide
carbohydrates, nucleic acid, proteins, lipids
glucose
sucrose, lactose
four organic compounds
carbohydrates, nucleic acid, proteins, lipids
primary energy source
glucose
28 terms
Organic compounds chapter 2 anatomy
Carbohydrates `
Three classifications of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Ds=isaccharides
"hydrated carbons' and contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
Monosaccharide, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
means one sugar and also known as simple sugars, structure- s…
"double sugars" or two monosaccharides, they are formed when…
Carbohydrates `
"hydrated carbons' and contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
Three classifications of Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
26 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Chemistry & Inorganic Compounds
elements
compound
number of protons in the nucleus
number of protons and neutrons combined
pure substances made of one atom
substances whose molecules have more than one element in them
atomic number
atomic mass
elements
pure substances made of one atom
compound
substances whose molecules have more than one element in them
37 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2 Organic Compounds
Organic compounds
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrates
compounds that always contain Carbon and Hydrogen. Carbohydra…
a small single unit.
Chain-like molecules made up of monomers that are joined toge…
6 carbon sugars: glucose, fructose, galactos (isomers)... 5 carb…
Organic compounds
compounds that always contain Carbon and Hydrogen. Carbohydra…
Monomer
a small single unit.
5 terms
Chapter 2: Elements & Compounds
elements
molecule
compounds
atoms
matter that is made of only one kind of atom ; like gold
sets of two or more atoms that are bonded together
molecules that are made of two or more elements
the smallest whole unit of matter
elements
matter that is made of only one kind of atom ; like gold
molecule
sets of two or more atoms that are bonded together
53 terms
"Chapter 2 study guide anatomy"
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telephase
First stage of mitosis. chromatin becomes supercoiled; nucleo…
Second stage of mitosis. Chromosomes line up; spindle fibers…
Third stage of mitosis. Spindle fibers shorten and separate t…
Fourth stage of mitosis. A new nuclear envelope forms around…
Prophase
First stage of mitosis. chromatin becomes supercoiled; nucleo…
Metaphase
Second stage of mitosis. Chromosomes line up; spindle fibers…
70 terms
Chapter 2 Study Guide (Anatomy)
Matter
States of Matter
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Anything that occupies space and has mass
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
does not alter basic nature of substances
alters the composition of a substances
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
States of Matter
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
22 terms
Chapter 2 Carbon Compounds
Organic Chemistry
Macromolecules
Monomers
Polymers
the branch of chemistry, originally limited to substances fou…
very large molecule
a compound whose molecules can join together to form a polymer
compound derived by the addition of many smaller molecules
Organic Chemistry
the branch of chemistry, originally limited to substances fou…
Macromolecules
very large molecule
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Major elements found in the body
Major compounds found in the body
Proton
Electron
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
Stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, wit…
Stable subatomic particle with a charge of NEGATIVE electrici…
Major elements found in the body
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Major compounds found in the body
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
Anatomy chapter 2 study guide
Oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen
iron, calcium, iodine, zink
Electrons
Water
Which elements are major elements?
Which elements are trace elements
Which subatomic particles are responsible for the chemical be…
Which inorganic compound represents 2/3 of a persons body wei…
Oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen
Which elements are major elements?
iron, calcium, iodine, zink
Which elements are trace elements
116 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
The energy located in the bonds of foo…
Heat is
Whenever energy is transformed
chewing food
is a form of potential energy,... can be transformed to the bond…
thermal energy... infrared energy... kinetic energy... molecular energy
the amount of useful energy decreases... some energy is lost as…
mechanical energy
The energy located in the bonds of foo…
is a form of potential energy,... can be transformed to the bond…
Heat is
thermal energy... infrared energy... kinetic energy... molecular energy
10 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Test Review Important Inorganic Compounds: Water
Water
High heat capacity
Polarity/solvent properties
Chemical Reactivity
-most abundant inorganic compound in the body
-water absorbs and releases a large amount of heat before it…
-universal solvent
-water is an important reactant in some chemical reactions ... -…
Water
-most abundant inorganic compound in the body
High heat capacity
-water absorbs and releases a large amount of heat before it…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Respiration
Alveoli
Bronchi
Pressure
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment (…
minute air sacs in the lungs; the lungs contain over 300 mill…
larger tubes in the lungs that divide into smaller tubes; the…
the force exerted on walls of a chamber by molecules of air;…
Respiration
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment (…
Alveoli
minute air sacs in the lungs; the lungs contain over 300 mill…
8 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Molecules, Compounds, Water pg. 20
Molecules
Compounds
Is water a molecule or compound?
5 Reasons Water is Important
formed when two or more atoms bond
Formed by two or more different atoms
both
1. It's a universal solvent... 2. Temperature regulator... 3. Ideal…
Molecules
formed when two or more atoms bond
Compounds
Formed by two or more different atoms
47 terms
Chapter 2: organic compounds
Organic chemistry
Carbon skeleton
Functional group
Carboxylate group
Carbon based
Chain of carbons that make up a molecule's backbone
Attach to the carbon skeleton and give the molecule specific…
Functional group that all amino acids have. It's negatively c…
Organic chemistry
Carbon based
Carbon skeleton
Chain of carbons that make up a molecule's backbone
12 terms
Chemical Bonds and Compounds (Chapter 2)
chemical formula
subscript
ionic bond
covalent bond
uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
number written to the right of a chemical symbol
the force of attraction between positive and negative ions "s…
a pair of EQUALLY shared electrons between two atoms
chemical formula
uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
subscript
number written to the right of a chemical symbol
15 terms
NEWWW ANATOMY CHPT 2 INORGANIC COMPOUNDS
water
Dissolve
transport of nutrients in the blood
friction
The most abundant compound in the human body is
Water is a solvent, which means that many substances ________…
state a specific way in which water as a solvent is important…
water is a lubricant, which means that it prevents __________…
water
The most abundant compound in the human body is
Dissolve
Water is a solvent, which means that many substances ________…
Anatomy Chapter 2 Table 2.8 Organic Compounds in Cells
carbohydrates (elements?)
lipids (elements?)
proteins (elements?)
nucleic acids (elements?)
contains C, H, O
contains C, H, O, (often P)
contains C, H, O, N, (often S)
C, H, O, N, P
carbohydrates (elements?)
contains C, H, O
lipids (elements?)
contains C, H, O, (often P)
22 terms
NEWWW ANATOMY CHPT 2 ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
glucose
pentose sugar
sucrose
starch
a 6-carbon monosaccharide or hexose sugar
a 5-carbon monosaccharide
a disaccharide
a polysaccharide made by plants for energy storage
glucose
a 6-carbon monosaccharide or hexose sugar
pentose sugar
a 5-carbon monosaccharide
38 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 2 Study Guide
the differences between atoms, molecul…
Cation vs. anion
Structure of an atom.
identify examples of mixtures, element…
A molecule is formed when two or more atoms join together che…
Cation- ion with a positive charge... Anion- ion with a negative…
solution - one or more substances distributed homogeneously i…
the differences between atoms, molecul…
A molecule is formed when two or more atoms join together che…
Cation vs. anion
Cation- ion with a positive charge... Anion- ion with a negative…
19 terms
Chapter 2 Kanji Compounds
日曜日
月曜日
火曜日
水曜日
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
日曜日
Sunday
月曜日
Monday
12 terms
Chemistry: Chapter 2 (compounds)
Pure substance
Elements and compounds both are...
Mixture
Compound
Substance with definite composition and definite, unchanging…
Pure substances
the physical combination of multiple pure substances
substances composed of 2+ elements that are chemically combin…
Pure substance
Substance with definite composition and definite, unchanging…
Elements and compounds both are...
Pure substances
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
chemistry
mater
element
nucleus
branch of science of composition of matter and how this compo…
anything that has weight and takes up space
composed of chemically identical atoms(ex. iron, copper, silv…
Central portion of the atom
chemistry
branch of science of composition of matter and how this compo…
mater
anything that has weight and takes up space
160 terms
Chapter 2: Biological Compounds
atom
elements of an atom
subatomic particle
proton
basic unit of matter
subatomic particles like protons, neutrons, electrons
smaller than atoms
positive... in the nucleus ... same size of a neutron
atom
basic unit of matter
elements of an atom
subatomic particles like protons, neutrons, electrons
21 terms
Chapter 2: Organic Compounds
polymers
monomers
Dehydration Systhesis
Hydrolysis
chain-like molecule
Similar or relating units
Process by which a larger molecule is synthesized from smalle…
Water molecule added to each bond, the bond is broken, releas…
polymers
chain-like molecule
monomers
Similar or relating units
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 study guide
Describe the divisions of the nervous…
List the functions of the nervous system
Describe the embryonic development of…
Define neuron and describe its structure
CNS - Brain and spinal cord (12 cranial nerves)(31 spinal ner…
Collecting information (Sensory)... Process and evaluating infor…
Week 3 ectoderm (Nervous tissue and skin epidermis)... forms thi…
Responsible for integrating internal and external information…
Describe the divisions of the nervous…
CNS - Brain and spinal cord (12 cranial nerves)(31 spinal ner…
List the functions of the nervous system
Collecting information (Sensory)... Process and evaluating infor…
39 terms
Biology Chapter 2.3- carbon compounds
organic chemistry
reasons carbon is important
organic compounds
four types of organic compounds
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
can make covalent bonds with other atoms (4 valence electrons…
compounds that contain carbon; biomolecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
organic chemistry
the study of all compounds that contain bonds between carbon…
reasons carbon is important
can make covalent bonds with other atoms (4 valence electrons…
27 terms
Anatomy chapter 2 study guide
Organic compound for CARBOHYDRATE
Organic compound for LIPIDS
Organic compound for PROTEINS & ENZYMES
Organic compound for NUCLEIC ACIDS
Carbon, Oxygen & Hydrogen
Carbon, Oxygen & Hydrogen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen & Nitrogen
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen & Phosphorus
Organic compound for CARBOHYDRATE
Carbon, Oxygen & Hydrogen
Organic compound for LIPIDS
Carbon, Oxygen & Hydrogen
Anatomy Chapter 2 study guide
protons
neutrons
electron
protons, neutrons
Which subatomic particle has a positive charge?
Which subatomic particle has no charge?
Which subatomic particle has a negative charge?
Which subatomic particle is found in the nucleus?
protons
Which subatomic particle has a positive charge?
neutrons
Which subatomic particle has no charge?
37 terms
Chapter 2: Organic Compounds
Organic Compounds Commonly Contain
Chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
Functional groups
Alcohol
hydrogen, oxygen, and/or nitrogen in addition to carbon
Carbon skeleton
bond to carbon skeletons and are responsible for most of the…
Biological Importance: Lipids, Carbohydrates
Organic Compounds Commonly Contain
hydrogen, oxygen, and/or nitrogen in addition to carbon
Chain of carbon atoms in an organic mo…
Carbon skeleton
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
matter
element
nucleus
atom
anything that has weight and takes up space
composed of chemically identical atoms(ex. iron, copper, silv…
Central portion of the atom
smallest particle of an element
matter
anything that has weight and takes up space
element
composed of chemically identical atoms(ex. iron, copper, silv…
36 terms
Memmler's: Anatomy--Chapter 2 Study Guide
ion
hydrogen
electron
anion
A charged atom or group of atom
An element that is combined with oxygen in water
A negatively charged particle orbiting the nucleus of an atom
A negatively charged ion
ion
A charged atom or group of atom
hydrogen
An element that is combined with oxygen in water
19 terms
Carbon Compounds Chapter2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer... large compound formed from combinations of many monom…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
polymer... large compound formed from combinations of many monom…
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
ionic bond
covalent bonds
hydrogen bond
inorganic compounds
has a charge (donates or gains an e-); example NaCl; found in…
share an electron; most common bond in the body
weak bonds; example nucleic acids
does not contain carbon; ex. water, salts
ionic bond
has a charge (donates or gains an e-); example NaCl; found in…
covalent bonds
share an electron; most common bond in the body
46 terms
Chapter 2: Elements and Compounds
subatomic particle
proton
neutron
electron
a component of an element, such as a proton, neutron, or elec…
a subatomic particle that carries a +1 charge and has a mass…
a subatomic particle that carries no charge and has a mass of…
a subatomic particle that carries a charge of -1 and has a ma…
subatomic particle
a component of an element, such as a proton, neutron, or elec…
proton
a subatomic particle that carries a +1 charge and has a mass…
29 terms
Chapter 2 Study Guide Human Anatomy
Amino Acid
Fatty Acid
Glycerol
Saturated Fat
Amino Acid
Fatty Acid
chapter 2 study guide anatomy
What are the major macronutrients in a…
What is the difference between saturat…
Explain why water is such an important…
Why are carbohydrates important to hav…
Carbohydrates, Lipids (Fats), Proteins are the major nutrient…
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature, and their carbo…
Water is important because it helps maintain body temperature…
Carbohydrates are the body's 1st source of energy. Your diet…
What are the major macronutrients in a…
Carbohydrates, Lipids (Fats), Proteins are the major nutrient…
What is the difference between saturat…
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature, and their carbo…
69 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy study guide
Sponges are a part of what phylum?
How does this name describe the struct…
What do sponges lack
What does it mean if sponges can't mov…
Porifera
Sponges have many holes (pore)
Muscle and nerve cells
They are sessile
Sponges are a part of what phylum?
Porifera
How does this name describe the struct…
Sponges have many holes (pore)
62 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy Study Guide
Inorganic Compound
Organic Compound
Water
Properties that make water vital (4)
Lacks carbon and tends to be small and simple.
Contains carbon. Includes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and…
The most abundant inorganic compound in the body. ⅔'s of our…
High heat capacity, universal solvent, an important reactant,…
Inorganic Compound
Lacks carbon and tends to be small and simple.
Organic Compound
Contains carbon. Includes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and…
17 terms
Anatomy chapter 2 study guide
Sterols
Hydrogenation
Thalidomide
Bioactive molecules
A type of lipid
Prevents fats from spoiling
Can cause birth defects
Promote chemical reactions in the body
Sterols
A type of lipid
Hydrogenation
Prevents fats from spoiling
15 terms
anatomy and physiology chapter 2 guided
Objective #1: Describe the structure o…
Objective #2: Define ion, molecule, co…
Objective #3: Describe the different t…
Objective #4: Describe the different f…
All forms of matter are composed of chemical elements, which…
If an atom either gives up or gains electrons, it becomes an…
See Pages 29-31; Figs 2.4, 2.5... The atoms of a molecule are h…
See Pages 30-32... A chemical reaction occurs when new bonds ar…
Objective #1: Describe the structure o…
All forms of matter are composed of chemical elements, which…
Objective #2: Define ion, molecule, co…
If an atom either gives up or gains electrons, it becomes an…
140 terms
Anatomy Study Guide Chapter 2
matter
mass
weight
kilogram
composes all living and nonliving things
the amount of matter in an object
the gravitational force acting on an object of a given mass
the international unit of mass
matter
composes all living and nonliving things
mass
the amount of matter in an object
22 terms
Biology Terms - Chapter 2.3 - Carbon Compounds
monomers
polymers
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
Compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usual…
simple sugars
monomers
A chemical subunit that serves as a building block of a polym…
polymers
Large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. fro…
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Matter
Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen
Element
Protons and Neutrons
anything that takes up space
elements that humans are composed of
substance that cant be broken down any further
subatomic particles located in nucleus
Matter
anything that takes up space
Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen
elements that humans are composed of
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study guide
Major Elements
Lesser Elements
Trace Elements
Ion
Make up 96% of the body Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Hydrogen
Make up 3.6% of the body, Calcuim, Phosphurus, potassium, Sel…
Make up .4% of the body, Aluminum, born, chromium, cobalt, co…
Atom that has positive or negative charge because of un even…
Major Elements
Make up 96% of the body Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Hydrogen
Lesser Elements
Make up 3.6% of the body, Calcuim, Phosphurus, potassium, Sel…
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Test 1 - Chapter 2 - Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Carbon Compounds
Functional Groups
monomers
water, minerals, gases... Inorganic? or Organic?
carbohydrates, lipids, Proteins and enzymes, nucleotides and…
-groups of atoms attach to carbon backbone... -determine the pro…
subunits of macromolecules (large molecules)
Inorganic Compounds
water, minerals, gases... Inorganic? or Organic?
Carbon Compounds
carbohydrates, lipids, Proteins and enzymes, nucleotides and…
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Atom
Element
Subatomic Particles
Nucleus
The smallest part of an element that has the characteristics…
A substance made of only one type of atom. There are 92 natur…
Particles that are much smaller than atoms. Has a positive ch…
The center of an atom. Houses the protons and neutrons.
Atom
The smallest part of an element that has the characteristics…
Element
A substance made of only one type of atom. There are 92 natur…
18 terms
Chapter 2:Study Guide Anatomy
Nucleus
cytoplasm
cell membrane(plasm membrane)
general characteristics... (Cell membrane)
houses the genetic material and controls cellular activities
fills out the cells
regulates the movement of the substance in and out of the cell
outer limit of the cell. basic framework oft he cell membrane…
Nucleus
houses the genetic material and controls cellular activities
cytoplasm
fills out the cells
29 terms
Chapter 2 Study Guide-Anatomy
amino acids
atomic number
atomic weight
buffers
Building blocks of protein
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Average of the mass numbers of all isotopes
A chemical substance that resists changes in pH by accepting…
amino acids
Building blocks of protein
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
71 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Matter
Element
Compound
92
All substances that have mass and take up space
All atoms are alike
2 or more different atoms are combined in a fixed ratio
# of Naturally occurring elements
Matter
All substances that have mass and take up space
Element
All atoms are alike
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