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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 2"

40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
compound
inorganic
ion
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
chemical that doesn't contain both Carbon and hydrogen atoms
atom or molecule with an electrical charge due to loss of gai…
atom
identical building blocks that compose elements and give the…
compound
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
30 terms
Chapter 2 Terms (Anatomy)
Cations
Anions
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bond
Ions with a positive charge
Ions with a negative charge
sharing electrons with another atom
the attraction between a slight positive charge on a hydrogen…
Cations
Ions with a positive charge
Anions
Ions with a negative charge
107 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Biochemistry
Element
Atomic Number
Trace elements
The study of the molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, protein, a…
The simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties.
Number of protons in the nucleus of an element.
Utilized by organisms in trace amounts, each accounting for l…
Biochemistry
The study of the molecules (carbohydrates, lipids, protein, a…
Element
The simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties.
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 & 3
endoplasmic reticulum
golgi body apparatus
cell membrane
mitochondria
cellular transport
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
regulates what enters and leaves the cell
cellular respiration
endoplasmic reticulum
cellular transport
golgi body apparatus
packaging, processing, and secreting of proteins
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Matter
Energy
Element
Compounds
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
Pure substance... Can't be broken down by ordinary means... Such as…
2+ different elements combined in a fixed ratio... Such as water…
Matter
Has Mass... Affected by gravity... Consist of elements and compounds
Energy
Moves matter... Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy... Ability to d…
83 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
major elements
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
The smallest stable units of matter
Positively charged particles in nucleus of atom
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
major elements
4. Constitute 96% of body mass. Oxygen. Carbon. Hydrogen. Nit…
Atoms
The smallest stable units of matter
21 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2 Vocabulary
atom
properties of water
the 4 macromolecules
dehydration reaction
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
OH and H (water molecule) are removed as the molecule forms
atom
smallest unit of an element that still retains the chemical a…
properties of water
water is a solvent for polar (charged molecules)... water molecu…
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
inhalation
exhalation
diaphragm
true ribs
breathing air in
Breathing air out
pulls down, creating a partial vacuum allowing air to enter t…
ribs 1-7
inhalation
breathing air in
exhalation
Breathing air out
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2- Basic Chemistry
carbohydrates
monosaccharide
important monosaccharides
disaccharide
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
glucose, fructose, galactose, ribose and deoxyribose
double sugars, formed when two simple sugars are joined by a…
carbohydrates
"hydrated carbon" contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
monosaccharide
one sugar, aka simple sugars. they are single chain structure…
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Chemical Reactions
anything that takes up space and has m…
solid, liquid, and gas
smallest stable unit of matter
All life processes involve...
Matter
3 states of matter
Atoms
Chemical Reactions
All life processes involve...
anything that takes up space and has m…
Matter
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2: Chemistry
Energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
Chemical energy
capacity to work
energy involving movement
stored energy
energy from bonds between chemical substances
Energy
capacity to work
kinetic energy
energy involving movement
45 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2-4
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Deoxyribose Sugar and Phosphate
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
The "backbone" of the DNA molecule is made up of two... componen…
There are four different variations of these monomers (four d…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
What do the letters DNA stand for?
Watson, Franklin, Crick
Three scientists are given credit for discovering the ... struct…
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Types of tissues
Characteristics of Epithelial
Function of Epithelial
Simple squamous functions
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
Protection, secretion, absorption, excretion, reproduction, a…
Filtration and absorption
Types of tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, and Nervous
Characteristics of Epithelial
Constantly regenerated, lines all external and internal body…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
41 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy
Nonpolar covalent bond
Lipid
Active sites
Saturated
A pair of electrons shared equally
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
Substrate molecules bind to enzymes at this site
Fatty acids that contains only single covalent bonds in its c…
Nonpolar covalent bond
A pair of electrons shared equally
Lipid
Made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen use form essential stru…
53 terms
"Chapter 2 study guide anatomy"
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telephase
First stage of mitosis. chromatin becomes supercoiled; nucleo…
Second stage of mitosis. Chromosomes line up; spindle fibers…
Third stage of mitosis. Spindle fibers shorten and separate t…
Fourth stage of mitosis. A new nuclear envelope forms around…
Prophase
First stage of mitosis. chromatin becomes supercoiled; nucleo…
Metaphase
Second stage of mitosis. Chromosomes line up; spindle fibers…
83 terms
Human Anatomy chapter 2
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
a thin, flat, scaly shape, often with a bugle where the nucle…
squarish-looking. (liver cells)
The meaning of cytology and why it is…
Cytology is the scientific study of cellular structure and fu…
How the light microscope, transmission…
Light Microscope: easiest to use, least expensive, most often…
31 terms
anatomy chapter 2
cytology.
cell theory
photomicrographs
The light microscope (LM)
The scientific study of cellular structure and function.
every living... organism is made of cells; that cells now arise…
Photos of tissues... and cells taken through the microscopethe.…
uses visible light to produce its... images.... It is the least exp…
cytology.
The scientific study of cellular structure and function.
cell theory
every living... organism is made of cells; that cells now arise…
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Van leeuwenhoek
Schleden and Schwann
1.All living things are composed of on…
Virchow
first person to see a living cell when he observed algae from…
Who proposed cell theory?
Three parts of cell theory?
Who said "every cell originates from other existing cells lik…
Van leeuwenhoek
first person to see a living cell when he observed algae from…
Schleden and Schwann
Who proposed cell theory?
58 terms
Anatomy Vocab. Chapter 2
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
glands
muscle tissue
tissues that cover the body and line cavities within the body
supporting tissue which consists mainly of a extracellular ma…
epithelial cells that are to produce and secrete substances
a type of tissue that generates force and allows the body to…
epithelial tissue
tissues that cover the body and line cavities within the body
connective tissue
supporting tissue which consists mainly of a extracellular ma…
68 terms
chapter 2 anatomy
matter
3 states of matter
4 forms of energy
energy
anything mass/ weight
solid liquid gas
chemical/ electrical/ mechanical/ radiant
ability to work/ matter into motion/ massless
matter
anything mass/ weight
3 states of matter
solid liquid gas
20 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Vascular tissue
Stratified cuboidal tissue
Adipose tissue
Osseous tissue
Vascular tissue
Stratified cuboidal tissue
53 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 2
Acid
Alkali
Amino acid
Atom
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
Small molecular units that make up protein molecules
Smallest piece of an element
Acid
Chemical compound that ionizes to form hydrogen ions in aqueo…
Alkali
A substance that, when dissolved in water, ionizes into negat…
62 terms
Chapter 2 - Anatomy
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water
Water Properties
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
The most important inorganic molecule, H20 covalently bonds t…
1. ability to ionize... 2. polanty... 3. cohesian... 4.Resist temp cha…
Inorganic Compounds
usually lack carbon ... structurally simple... 1. Water ... 2. salts…
Organic Compounds
Large ... have unique characteristics... 1. carbohydrates... 2. lipids…
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
39 terms
anatomy chapter 2
nucleus
cell membrane
cytoplasm
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
controls activities within the cell; ex: protein synthesis... a)…
regulates what goes on in the cell; composed primarily of lip…
jelly-like fluid that all the organelles are in
build lipids, processes carbs, and modifies chemicals that ar…
nucleus
controls activities within the cell; ex: protein synthesis... a)…
cell membrane
regulates what goes on in the cell; composed primarily of lip…
36 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
Supine position
Prone position
Fowler's Position
Facilitates
Laying face upward, on your back
Downward on stomach
Sitting in bed with the head elevated 45-90
Breathing and comfort of the bedridden of patient
Supine position
Laying face upward, on your back
Prone position
Downward on stomach
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Basic structure of an atom
Four common elements in our body
Atomic #
Atomic mass
Made up of protons, neutrons, electrons
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Number of protons
Protons+neutrons
Basic structure of an atom
Made up of protons, neutrons, electrons
Four common elements in our body
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
42 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
The Living Units
Cells have three main components
Plasma membrane
Types of membrane proteins
...
• Plasma membrane—the outer boundary... • Cytoplasm—contains mos…
•Separates the intracellular fluid within cell from extracell…
• Integral proteins... • Peripheral proteins
The Living Units
...
Cells have three main components
• Plasma membrane—the outer boundary... • Cytoplasm—contains mos…
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 Vocabulary Terms
matter
element
atom
proton
The material substance, composed of elements, that makes up t…
One of a limited number of unique varieties of matter that co…
Smallest particle of an element that exhibits the properties…
Positively charged subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom
matter
The material substance, composed of elements, that makes up t…
element
One of a limited number of unique varieties of matter that co…
100 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Bone classification
"dried up body", strong and light, protects and provides motion
dense, smooth, homogeneous
small, needle-like pieces of bone-many open spaces
long, short, flat, irregular
Skeletal System
"dried up body", strong and light, protects and provides motion
Compact bone
dense, smooth, homogeneous
Anatomy Chapter 2
The cell
structured cell working together form
tissues working together make up
Cytology
the simplest functional unit of all living organeels
tissues
organs and organ systems, organ systems working together make…
the study of cellular structure
The cell
the simplest functional unit of all living organeels
structured cell working together form
tissues
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
cartilage
osteo-
tendons
ligaments
Chondr/o; somewhat rigid, but more flexible than bone
bone
attach muscles to bones- these are on either end of the muscl…
attach bones to bones- these are found at joints; few blood v…
cartilage
Chondr/o; somewhat rigid, but more flexible than bone
osteo-
bone
62 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
Is water organic
positive ions
draw a monosaccharide
draw a disaccharide
No because to be organic the molecule needs to contain carbon…
cation
Is water organic
No because to be organic the molecule needs to contain carbon…
positive ions
cation
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 (Shively)
Active Transport
Carbohydrate
Cytokinesis
Cytoplasm
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
The cell divisional event wherein the cell membrane invaginat…
a collective term for the fluid and organelles located betwee…
Active Transport
The movement of particles from an area of low concentration t…
Carbohydrate
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
cell
a cell can
Cells have 3 main parts
structure of a general cell
basic structural and functional unit of life.Smallest living…
obtain nutrient, dispose of waste, maintain its shape and int…
plasma membrane-the outer boundry... Cytoplasm- contains most or…
cell
basic structural and functional unit of life.Smallest living…
a cell can
obtain nutrient, dispose of waste, maintain its shape and int…
53 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Adipose Tissue
Areolar Tissue
Blood
Bone
Found beneath the epithelial tissue layer, behind the eyeball…
Found between muscles and beneath the skin
Found in the heart and blood vessels
Makes up the skeleton (looks like wood
Adipose Tissue
Found beneath the epithelial tissue layer, behind the eyeball…
Areolar Tissue
Found between muscles and beneath the skin
234 terms
Anatomy, Chapter 2
The trunk is the central part of:
The trunk consists of:
There are several bones in the trunk i…
The _____ and _____ connect the trunk…
the body
the thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and perimeum
vertebrae, scapulae, clavicles, ribs, and sternum
scapula, clavicle, shoulder girdle
The trunk is the central part of:
the body
The trunk consists of:
the thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and perimeum
17 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 2
Simple Tubular Epithelium
Simple Alveolar
Compound Alveolar
Simple Branch Alveolar
Glandular Epithelium made up of simple cuboidal epithelium
Glandular Epithelium that looks like a flask
Glandular Epithelium made up of many simple tubular epithelium
Glandular Epithelium that is made up of many simple aveolar
Simple Tubular Epithelium
Glandular Epithelium made up of simple cuboidal epithelium
Simple Alveolar
Glandular Epithelium that looks like a flask
61 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Cells
3 major components in cells
Plasma membrane or Plasmalemma
Cytoplasm
the basic unit of life
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
All the cellular contents between the plasmalemma and nucleus…
Cells
the basic unit of life
3 major components in cells
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
71 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 2
Plasma (cell) membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Organells
receptors for communication; forms intercellular connections,…
site of metabolic processes of the cell, stores nutrients and…
Provides support for organelles, serves as a viscous medium t…
Carry out specific metabolic activities of the cell
Plasma (cell) membrane
receptors for communication; forms intercellular connections,…
Cytoplasm
site of metabolic processes of the cell, stores nutrients and…
104 terms
Anatomy chapter 2
How many chromosomes?
matter
How many elements are there?
what are the 4 most abundant elements?
46
anything that occupies space & has mass
92 naturally
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen
How many chromosomes?
46
matter
anything that occupies space & has mass
39 terms
anatomy honors chapter 2
decomposition reaction
hydrolysis
synthesis
dehydration synthesis
breakdown of a bond through the use of water
synthesis reaction that involves the removal of a water molec…
decomposition reaction
hydrolysis
breakdown of a bond through the use of water
90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
anything that occupies space and has mass
the ability to do work
energy of motion
energy is inactive or stored
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
energy
the ability to do work
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