Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 2"

Anatomy Chapter 2
Atoms (CHONPS)
Molecules
Macromolecules
Proteins
Building blocks of matter, Carbon; Hydrogen; Oxygen; Nitrogen…
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Amino Acids
Atoms (CHONPS)
Building blocks of matter, Carbon; Hydrogen; Oxygen; Nitrogen…
Molecules
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
Chapter 2 Study Guide (Anatomy)
Matter
States of Matter
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Anything that occupies space and has mass
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
does not alter basic nature of substances
alters the composition of a substances
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
States of Matter
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
28 terms
chapter 2 anatomy
1. Cells are the basic structural and…
-Defines the cell's outer boundary. Fl…
The plasma membrane functions as a fra…
Each organelle performs specific funct…
structure of a cell
Plasma Membrane; STRUCTURE
Plasma Membrane; FUNCTIONS
Cytoplasmic Organelles
1. Cells are the basic structural and…
structure of a cell
-Defines the cell's outer boundary. Fl…
Plasma Membrane; STRUCTURE
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Robert Hooke
Mattias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Hierarchy of life... (Hierarchy of biolog…
Morphology
"the Father of Microscopy", he coined the term "cell" to desc…
Theory: all living things are composed of one or more cells.…
Ecosystem... Community ... Population... Organism... Organ System... Organ... T…
the branch of biology that deals with the form of living orga…
Robert Hooke
"the Father of Microscopy", he coined the term "cell" to desc…
Mattias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Theory: all living things are composed of one or more cells.…
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
the lightest of an atom's main constit…
complementary base pairing in DNA incl…
a substance containing atoms different…
the speed, or rate, of a chemical reac…
carries a negative charge
adenine-thymine and cytosine-guanine
compound
temperature, concentration of the reactants, and presence of…
the lightest of an atom's main constit…
carries a negative charge
complementary base pairing in DNA incl…
adenine-thymine and cytosine-guanine
45 terms
ANATOMY: Chapter 2
Atomic Number
6 Primary Elements That Make Up Our Body
Atom
Proton
Equal to the number of protons found in the atom
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Calcium and Phosphorus
The smallest unit of matter that still has the properties of…
Has a positive charge and a weight of approximately 1 amu
Atomic Number
Equal to the number of protons found in the atom
6 Primary Elements That Make Up Our Body
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Calcium and Phosphorus
16 terms
Chapter 2 - Biochemistry (Anatomy)
Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Water
High Heat Capacity Property
two or more molecules combine to form a larger complex energy…
molecule is broken down into smaller simpler energy releasing…
2/3 of body weight most rich inorganic compound. Has 4 proper…
absorbes and releases heat before the body temp changes
Synthesis Reaction
two or more molecules combine to form a larger complex energy…
Decomposition Reaction
molecule is broken down into smaller simpler energy releasing…
80 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 - Cells
cell
cytology
cell physiology
prokaryotic cell
the most basic structural and functional unit of life
the study of cell structure
the study of cell function
~ pertaining to before a nucleus... ~ genetic material and cell…
cell
the most basic structural and functional unit of life
cytology
the study of cell structure
53 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 2 - The Cell - Human Anatomy (Huxley)
cell theory
extracellular fluid
cell membrane OR plasmalemma
selective permeability
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
thin later of fluid around each cell
outer boundary of a cell that is a phospho-lipid bilayer memb…
allowing some items to move through and other to be prevented…
cell theory
all living things are made of cells, which are made by the di…
extracellular fluid
thin later of fluid around each cell
59 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 2)
Element
Atom
Matter
Mass
The simplest type of matter composed of atoms of only one kind.
Smallest particle of an element that has chemical characteris…
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
The amount of matter in an object.
Element
The simplest type of matter composed of atoms of only one kind.
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has chemical characteris…
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2 Vocabulary Terms
matter
element
atom
proton
The material substance, composed of elements, that makes up t…
One of a limited number of unique varieties of matter that co…
Smallest particle of an element that exhibits the properties…
Positively charged subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom
matter
The material substance, composed of elements, that makes up t…
element
One of a limited number of unique varieties of matter that co…
Anatomy Chapter 2
What name can be given to glucose,fruc…
What reaction allows for several amino…
Unsaturated vs Saturated Fat
What macro-molecule would most likely…
Monosaccharides
Condensation or dehydrationsynthesis
Saturated fats have single bonds between carbons unsaturated…
Proteins due to peptide bonds
What name can be given to glucose,fruc…
Monosaccharides
What reaction allows for several amino…
Condensation or dehydrationsynthesis
23 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 2)
Define "Atom".
Define "Proton".
Define "Neutron".
Define "Electron".
The smallest possible particle of any given substance.... Made…
Positive charge... Number of protons is called the "atomic numb…
No charge... Number of protons + neutrons is called the "mass n…
Negative charge, tiny mass, spin around the nucleus in variou…
Define "Atom".
The smallest possible particle of any given substance.... Made…
Define "Proton".
Positive charge... Number of protons is called the "atomic numb…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
anatomy chapter 2 (biochemistry)
substances that ionize in water, good…
proton (H+) acceptor
ionize in water to release hydrogen io…
ionize in water to release ions other…
A. acid, B. base, D. salt
B. base
A. acid
D. salt
substances that ionize in water, good…
A. acid, B. base, D. salt
proton (H+) acceptor
B. base
13 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy cells
centrosome
lysosome
mitochondria
golgi body
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
power house to the cell
packages and delievers proteins, produced by ribosomes
centrosome
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
lysosome
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
Chapter 2 Anatomy
bonding
octet rule
electron shells
ionic bonding
-caused by the interaction of electrons; either lost, gained,…
the valence shell always wants to become full (most stable)
-rings around the nucleus that house electrons... numbered from…
formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to anothe…
bonding
-caused by the interaction of electrons; either lost, gained,…
octet rule
the valence shell always wants to become full (most stable)
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
somatic cells
germ cells
cell membrane
inside of cell
used to build organ/ tissues
sperm and egg sex cells
separates inside of cell from the outside ... *regulates what co…
Cytoplasm
somatic cells
used to build organ/ tissues
germ cells
sperm and egg sex cells
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells extra??
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
extracellular matrix
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
cytology
cells are measured in
what are the 8 cellular functions
plasma membrane
the study of cells
micrometers
covering... lining... storage... movement... connection... defense... communica…
an extremely thin outer border on cell. serves as selective p…
cytology
the study of cells
cells are measured in
micrometers
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
cell theory
plasma membrane
permeability
passive transport
1) all living things are composed of one of more cells... 2) cel…
separates the inside from the outside of the cell and consist…
the ease of which things move in and out of a cell
does not require ATP
cell theory
1) all living things are composed of one of more cells... 2) cel…
plasma membrane
separates the inside from the outside of the cell and consist…
13 terms
Anatomy chapter 2 ANATOMY LANGUAGE, CELLS, AND CHEMISTRY
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
MICROFILAMENTS
Cytoskeleton: provides the cell with an internal framework... p…
Dynamic hollow tubes... Most radiate from centrosome... Determine…
Tough, insoluble ropelike protein fibers... Resist pulling forc…
Dynamic actin strands attached plasma membrane... Involved in c…
Cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton: provides the cell with an internal framework... p…
Microtubules
Dynamic hollow tubes... Most radiate from centrosome... Determine…
Anatomy Chapter 2
Synthesis Reactions
Decomposition Reactions
Exchange Reactions
The four important factors that influe…
Two or more small molecules combine to form a larger one. A+B…
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
A type of reactions that incorporates both the making of new…
Temperature- increases kinetic energy... Concentration-increases…
Synthesis Reactions
Two or more small molecules combine to form a larger one. A+B…
Decomposition Reactions
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
21 terms
Anatomy chapter 2
Water
Salt
Salts found in the body
Acid
H2O; most abundant and important and abundant living compound…
a salt is an ionic compound; a salt dissociates when dissolve…
NaCl;Ca2CO3,and KCL
an acid is a substance that releases hydrogen ions; acids are…
Water
H2O; most abundant and important and abundant living compound…
Salt
a salt is an ionic compound; a salt dissociates when dissolve…
17 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.4
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
- Large and diverse group of chemical substances that these c…
- Complex, organized structures with unique, characteristic s…
Cytoplasm
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
Cytosol
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
Chapter 2 Vocab- Anatomy
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Collagenous Fibers
Connective Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by semisoli…
White fibers consisting of the protein collagen, common in co…
A basic type of tissue that consists of cells within an extra…
Adipose Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Cartilage
Connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by semisoli…
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Major elements found in the body
Major compounds found in the body
Proton
Electron
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
Stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, wit…
Stable subatomic particle with a charge of NEGATIVE electrici…
Major elements found in the body
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Major compounds found in the body
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
Anatomy Chapter 2:
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Acids
Bases
molecules that contain carbon (except CO2 & CO= inorganic)
molecules that do not contain carbon
have a sour taste, can react with (dissolve) many metals, and…
have a bitter taste, feel slippery, and are proton acceptors…
Organic Compounds
molecules that contain carbon (except CO2 & CO= inorganic)
Inorganic Compounds
molecules that do not contain carbon
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
49 terms
Anatomy 120 - Chapter 2
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Characteristics
Functions of Epithelial
A group of closely associated and structurally similar cells…
The tissue that covers the body, open cavities and hollow org…
- High Cellularity... - Polarity... - Specialized junctions... - Suppo…
- Regulations the transportation and absorption of materials…
Tissue
A group of closely associated and structurally similar cells…
Epithelial Tissue
The tissue that covers the body, open cavities and hollow org…
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Monosaccharides
Glycerol and fatty acids
Amino Acids
Nucleotides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Building blocks of fat
Building blocks of protein
Building blocks of nucleic acids
Monosaccharides
Building blocks of carbohydrates
Glycerol and fatty acids
Building blocks of fat
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
protons
neutrons
electrons
1st shell e-
positive, in nucleus
no charge, in nucleus
negative, outside nucleus
2 e-
protons
positive, in nucleus
neutrons
no charge, in nucleus
Anatomy- Chapter 2 Histology
tissue
on top (of the skin)
muscle
basal lamina
the prefix histo- means
the prefix epi- describes this location
the prefixes myo and sacro describe
layer of extracellular matrix on which the epithelial tissue…
tissue
the prefix histo- means
on top (of the skin)
the prefix epi- describes this location
27 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.2
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
Plasma (cell) membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
Cell's control center; controls protein synthesis and directs…
Contains receptors for communication; forms intercellular con…
Plasma Membrane
Forms the outer, limiting barrier separating the internal con…
Cytoplasm
All cellular contents located between the plasma membrane and…
11 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.5
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Nucleoli
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
- Open passageways that penetrate fused regions of the double…
- Made up of RNA, enzymes and other proteins ... - Responsible f…
Nucleus
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
Nuclear Envelope
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Subatomic particles
Protons
Neutrons
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Protons, neutrons, electrons
Subatomic particle with a positive charge
Subatomic particle with a neutral charge
Atoms
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Subatomic particles
Protons, neutrons, electrons
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
109 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 & 4
water
element
O, C, H, N
Ca, P, S, K, Na, Cl, Mg, Fe
1. 2/3 body weight... 2. important in chemical reactions... 3. help…
substance that cannot be split into simpler substance by chem…
96% of body's mass
3.8% of body's mass
water
1. 2/3 body weight... 2. important in chemical reactions... 3. help…
element
substance that cannot be split into simpler substance by chem…
Anatomy Chapter 2
ATP
Oxygen
Phosphorus
Nitrogen
"packets" of energy... provides a form of chemical energy for al…
Atomic Symbol: O... Body Mass Percentage: 65.0... Role: A major com…
Atomic Symbol: P... Body Mass Percentage: 1.0... Role: Present as a…
Atomic Symbol: N... Body Mass Percentage: 3.2... Role: A component…
ATP
"packets" of energy... provides a form of chemical energy for al…
Oxygen
Atomic Symbol: O... Body Mass Percentage: 65.0... Role: A major com…
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
matter
electrical energy
ions
oxygen
Anything that has mass and takes up space
nerve impulses involve this flow or type of energy
Atoms that gain or lose electrons
most common element in the human body
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
electrical energy
nerve impulses involve this flow or type of energy
65 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
carbohydrates
compound
electrolyte
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
substance composed of 2 or more chemically bonded elements
substance that ionizes in water solution
atom
smallest particle of an element that has the properties of th…
carbohydrates
organic compound consisting of Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Anatomy Chapter 2
matter
ions
oxygen
proton
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Atoms that gain or lose electrons
most common element in the human body
equal to the atomic number
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
ions
Atoms that gain or lose electrons
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
atom
ion
electron
molecule
the smallest part of an element
a charged atom or molecule
subatomic particle that circles an atom's nucleus
two or more atoms held together by bonds
atom
the smallest part of an element
ion
a charged atom or molecule
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
Anatomy-Histology chapter 2
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
-Provides barrier by covering an exposed surface... -Absorption…
-Binds tissues and cells together... -Gives support
Contrast (shorten) causing movement
-Conducts an electrical impulse or current... -Transmits or carr…
Epithelial Tissue
-Provides barrier by covering an exposed surface... -Absorption…
Connective Tissue
-Binds tissues and cells together... -Gives support
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