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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 2"

90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
anything that occupies space and has mass
the ability to do work
energy of motion
energy is inactive or stored
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
energy
the ability to do work
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
plasmalemma
cytoplasm
cytosol
free ribosomes
a dynamic system; selectively permeable lipid bilayer; contai…
is the general term for the material inside the cell; fluid t…
is the intracellular fluid of cytoplasm; high in potassium io…
type of ribosome that float in the cytoplasm and located with…
plasmalemma
a dynamic system; selectively permeable lipid bilayer; contai…
cytoplasm
is the general term for the material inside the cell; fluid t…
11 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells extra??
extracellular matrix
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
extracellular matrix
Molecular mesh that holds some cells in place. Formed of prot…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
28 terms
Anatomy chapter 2
isotope
atomic number
mass number
anion
the same elements with different number of neutrons
number of protons (always stays the same)
number of protons + number of neutrons
negatively charged ion
isotope
the same elements with different number of neutrons
atomic number
number of protons (always stays the same)
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Chemical Reactions
anything that takes up space and has m…
solid, liquid, and gas
smallest stable unit of matter
All life processes involve...
Matter
3 states of matter
Atoms
Chemical Reactions
All life processes involve...
anything that takes up space and has m…
Matter
121 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
element
atomic number (of an element)
how are the elements arranged on the p…
6 elements that make up 98.5% of body…
simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
number of protons in its nucleus
in atomic number from light to heaviest
oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus
element
simplest form of matter to have unique chemical properties
atomic number (of an element)
number of protons in its nucleus
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
skeletal system
function of skeletal system
function of skeletal system
structure of skeletal system
bones work with muscles to produce movement at the joints, bo…
firm framework for body, protection, serve as levers with mus…
storehouse for calcium salts which may be reabsorbed into blo…
206 bones
skeletal system
bones work with muscles to produce movement at the joints, bo…
function of skeletal system
firm framework for body, protection, serve as levers with mus…
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Atoms (CHONPS)
Molecules
Macromolecules
Proteins
Building blocks of matter, Carbon; Hydrogen; Oxygen; Nitrogen…
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
A very large organic molecule composed of many smaller molecu…
Amino Acids
Atoms (CHONPS)
Building blocks of matter, Carbon; Hydrogen; Oxygen; Nitrogen…
Molecules
Chemicals that result from atoms linking together
72 terms
Anatomy chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Phases
Elements
The branch os science that comsiders the conposition of matte…
Anything that has weight and takes up space
Solid liquid gas plasma
Composed of one type of atom
Chemistry
The branch os science that comsiders the conposition of matte…
Matter
Anything that has weight and takes up space
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
70 terms
Chapter 2 Study Guide (Anatomy)
Matter
States of Matter
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Anything that occupies space and has mass
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
does not alter basic nature of substances
alters the composition of a substances
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
States of Matter
-Solid ... -Liquid... -Gaseous states
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
make up the bulk of the cell, contains cytosol, organelles an…
jellylike fluid, where other cytoplasmic elements are suspend…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
28 terms
chapter 2 anatomy
1. Cells are the basic structural and…
-Defines the cell's outer boundary. Fl…
The plasma membrane functions as a fra…
Each organelle performs specific funct…
structure of a cell
Plasma Membrane; STRUCTURE
Plasma Membrane; FUNCTIONS
Cytoplasmic Organelles
1. Cells are the basic structural and…
structure of a cell
-Defines the cell's outer boundary. Fl…
Plasma Membrane; STRUCTURE
132 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Robert Hooke
Mattias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Hierarchy of life... (Hierarchy of biolog…
Morphology
"the Father of Microscopy", he coined the term "cell" to desc…
Theory: all living things are composed of one or more cells.…
Ecosystem... Community ... Population... Organism... Organ System... Organ... T…
the branch of biology that deals with the form of living orga…
Robert Hooke
"the Father of Microscopy", he coined the term "cell" to desc…
Mattias Schleiden and Theodore Schwann
Theory: all living things are composed of one or more cells.…
45 terms
ANATOMY: Chapter 2
Atomic Number
6 Primary Elements That Make Up Our Body
Atom
Proton
Equal to the number of protons found in the atom
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Calcium and Phosphorus
The smallest unit of matter that still has the properties of…
Has a positive charge and a weight of approximately 1 amu
Atomic Number
Equal to the number of protons found in the atom
6 Primary Elements That Make Up Our Body
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Calcium and Phosphorus
48 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
element
atom
the study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Smallest particle of an element
chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
64 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy Vocabulary
Matter
kinetic energy
potential energy
element
anything that occupies space and has mass ... ex. anything that…
energy of motion
something that has energy that has not yet been used
any of the building blocks of matter; (oxygen, carbon, hydrog…
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass ... ex. anything that…
kinetic energy
energy of motion
91 terms
Anatomy, "Chapter 2"
single bonds
double bonded atoms
triple bonded atoms
polar covalent bonds
sigma bonds are relatively stable due to low energy field sur…
these bonds are called pi bonds/ bonds are more unstable... if a…
these bonds are the highest energy containment; we see these…
these bonds are slightly polar due to the concentration of th…
single bonds
sigma bonds are relatively stable due to low energy field sur…
double bonded atoms
these bonds are called pi bonds/ bonds are more unstable... if a…
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Energy
Chemical Energy
Radiant Energy
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Ability to do work
Energy stored in the bonds of chemical substances
Energy that travels in waves; of electromagnetic spectrum
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Energy
Ability to do work
16 terms
Chapter 2 - Biochemistry (Anatomy)
Synthesis Reaction
Decomposition Reaction
Water
High Heat Capacity Property
two or more molecules combine to form a larger complex energy…
molecule is broken down into smaller simpler energy releasing…
2/3 of body weight most rich inorganic compound. Has 4 proper…
absorbes and releases heat before the body temp changes
Synthesis Reaction
two or more molecules combine to form a larger complex energy…
Decomposition Reaction
molecule is broken down into smaller simpler energy releasing…
23 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 2)
Define "Atom".
Define "Proton".
Define "Neutron".
Define "Electron".
The smallest possible particle of any given substance.... Made…
Positive charge... Number of protons is called the "atomic numb…
No charge... Number of protons + neutrons is called the "mass n…
Negative charge, tiny mass, spin around the nucleus in variou…
Define "Atom".
The smallest possible particle of any given substance.... Made…
Define "Proton".
Positive charge... Number of protons is called the "atomic numb…
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
What name can be given to glucose,fruc…
What reaction allows for several amino…
Unsaturated vs Saturated Fat
What macro-molecule would most likely…
Monosaccharides
Condensation or dehydrationsynthesis
Saturated fats have single bonds between carbons unsaturated…
Proteins due to peptide bonds
What name can be given to glucose,fruc…
Monosaccharides
What reaction allows for several amino…
Condensation or dehydrationsynthesis
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2&3
Cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
DNA Function
The smallest structural and functional unit capable of carryi…
is a thin structure that encloses each cell, acts as a barrie…
Largest organized cell in the component, it houses the cell's…
Directing protein synthesis, Serving as a genetic blueprint d…
Cell
The smallest structural and functional unit capable of carryi…
Plasma Membrane
is a thin structure that encloses each cell, acts as a barrie…
39 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2
Cell typically consists of:
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
contains cytosol, inclusions, and organelles. Place of many m…
the jellylike fluid provides support for organelles; serves a…
Cell typically consists of:
• Plasma membrane... • Cytoplasm = cytosol + organelles ... • Nucleus
Plasma membrane
The outer boundary of a cell, double layer of lipid molecules…
13 terms
Chapter 2 anatomy cells
centrosome
lysosome
mitochondria
golgi body
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
power house to the cell
packages and delievers proteins, produced by ribosomes
centrosome
sepearates chromosomes in mitosis; 2 cylinder like shaped
lysosome
sacs with digestive enzymes, breaks down food and worn out ce…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
13 terms
Anatomy chapter 2 ANATOMY LANGUAGE, CELLS, AND CHEMISTRY
Cytoskeleton
Microtubules
INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS
MICROFILAMENTS
Cytoskeleton: provides the cell with an internal framework... p…
Dynamic hollow tubes... Most radiate from centrosome... Determine…
Tough, insoluble ropelike protein fibers... Resist pulling forc…
Dynamic actin strands attached plasma membrane... Involved in c…
Cytoskeleton
Cytoskeleton: provides the cell with an internal framework... p…
Microtubules
Dynamic hollow tubes... Most radiate from centrosome... Determine…
59 terms
Anatomy (Chapter 2)
Element
Atom
Matter
Mass
The simplest type of matter composed of atoms of only one kind.
Smallest particle of an element that has chemical characteris…
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
The amount of matter in an object.
Element
The simplest type of matter composed of atoms of only one kind.
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has chemical characteris…
17 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.4
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Inclusions
Organelles
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
- Large and diverse group of chemical substances that these c…
- Complex, organized structures with unique, characteristic s…
Cytoplasm
All materials contained within the plasma membrane and surrou…
Cytosol
- Syrup-like fluid of the cytoplasm; high water content... - Car…
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2.2 cells 15 terms with definitions and pictures
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
cytoskeleton
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
In cells, a large oval organelle that contains the cell's gen…
Network of protein filaments within some cells that helps the…
plasma membrane
A thin, phospholipid and protein molecule bilayer that encaps…
cytoplasm
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Major elements found in the body
Major compounds found in the body
Proton
Electron
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
Stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, wit…
Stable subatomic particle with a charge of NEGATIVE electrici…
Major elements found in the body
Carbon (C), Oxygen (O), Hydrogen (H) and Nitrogen (N) - make…
Major compounds found in the body
Carbohydrates - energy storage... Lipids - these form cell membr…
58 terms
anatomy chapter 2 (biochemistry)
substances that ionize in water, good…
proton (H+) acceptor
ionize in water to release hydrogen io…
ionize in water to release ions other…
A. acid, B. base, D. salt
B. base
A. acid
D. salt
substances that ionize in water, good…
A. acid, B. base, D. salt
proton (H+) acceptor
B. base
16 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
Ocular lens
Arm
Nose Piece
Objective Lense
Ocular lens
Arm
27 terms
Chapter 2 Vocab- Anatomy
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Collagenous Fibers
Connective Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by semisoli…
White fibers consisting of the protein collagen, common in co…
A basic type of tissue that consists of cells within an extra…
Adipose Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Cartilage
Connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by semisoli…
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
Synthesis Reactions
Decomposition Reactions
Exchange Reactions
The four important factors that influe…
Two or more small molecules combine to form a larger one. A+B…
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
A type of reactions that incorporates both the making of new…
Temperature- increases kinetic energy... Concentration-increases…
Synthesis Reactions
Two or more small molecules combine to form a larger one. A+B…
Decomposition Reactions
A reaction in which a single compound breaks down to form two…
77 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2:
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Acids
Bases
molecules that contain carbon (except CO2 & CO= inorganic)
molecules that do not contain carbon
have a sour taste, can react with (dissolve) many metals, and…
have a bitter taste, feel slippery, and are proton acceptors…
Organic Compounds
molecules that contain carbon (except CO2 & CO= inorganic)
Inorganic Compounds
molecules that do not contain carbon
48 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy
bonding
octet rule
electron shells
ionic bonding
-caused by the interaction of electrons; either lost, gained,…
the valence shell always wants to become full (most stable)
-rings around the nucleus that house electrons... numbered from…
formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to anothe…
bonding
-caused by the interaction of electrons; either lost, gained,…
octet rule
the valence shell always wants to become full (most stable)
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
somatic cells
germ cells
cell membrane
inside of cell
used to build organ/ tissues
sperm and egg sex cells
separates inside of cell from the outside ... *regulates what co…
Cytoplasm
somatic cells
used to build organ/ tissues
germ cells
sperm and egg sex cells
94 terms
Anatomy "Chapter 2" Kenedi
chemistry
matter
atoms
protons
science that deals with matter
anything that takes up space
smallest stable unit of matter
positively charged particle (p+)
chemistry
science that deals with matter
matter
anything that takes up space
49 terms
Anatomy 120 - Chapter 2
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Characteristics
Functions of Epithelial
A group of closely associated and structurally similar cells…
The tissue that covers the body, open cavities and hollow org…
- High Cellularity... - Polarity... - Specialized junctions... - Suppo…
- Regulations the transportation and absorption of materials…
Tissue
A group of closely associated and structurally similar cells…
Epithelial Tissue
The tissue that covers the body, open cavities and hollow org…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Matter
Element
Electrons
Protons
anything that takes up space and has mass
groups atoms are divided into based on their atomic number
negatively charged subatomic particles that are 1/1863 as mas…
Subatomic particles that are positively charged and are simil…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
groups atoms are divided into based on their atomic number
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2
protons
neutrons
electrons
1st shell e-
positive, in nucleus
no charge, in nucleus
negative, outside nucleus
2 e-
protons
positive, in nucleus
neutrons
no charge, in nucleus
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
dense regular
dense irregular
areolar
adipose
11 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 2.5
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Nucleoli
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
- Open passageways that penetrate fused regions of the double…
- Made up of RNA, enzymes and other proteins ... - Responsible f…
Nucleus
1. Cellular regulation: Houses genetic material, which direct…
Nuclear Envelope
- Separates the cytoplasm form the nucleoplasm; phospholipid…
88 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 2 Histology
tissue
on top (of the skin)
muscle
basal lamina
the prefix histo- means
the prefix epi- describes this location
the prefixes myo and sacro describe
layer of extracellular matrix on which the epithelial tissue…
tissue
the prefix histo- means
on top (of the skin)
the prefix epi- describes this location
109 terms
Anatomy Chapter 2 & 4
water
element
O, C, H, N
Ca, P, S, K, Na, Cl, Mg, Fe
1. 2/3 body weight... 2. important in chemical reactions... 3. help…
substance that cannot be split into simpler substance by chem…
96% of body's mass
3.8% of body's mass
water
1. 2/3 body weight... 2. important in chemical reactions... 3. help…
element
substance that cannot be split into simpler substance by chem…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
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