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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3 cells tissues"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3 cells tissues"

Anatomy-Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Membrane Transport
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Intracellular fluid
Movement of substance into and out of the cell
No energy is required
the cell must provide metabolic energy
nucleoplasm and cytosol
Membrane Transport
Movement of substance into and out of the cell
Passive Transport
No energy is required
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Microvilli
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Tiny fingerlike projections that increase the cell's surface…
Cell grows and carries on regular activities in this stage.... D…
Chromatin condenses into chromosomes.... Chromosomes are made of…
Chromosomes become aligned in center of sprindle midway betwe…
Microvilli
Tiny fingerlike projections that increase the cell's surface…
Interphase
Cell grows and carries on regular activities in this stage.... D…
52 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy Cells & Tissues
Cells
Nucleus
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The basic biological unit of living organisms, containing a n…
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic mat…
Small spherical bodies in the sell nucleus.
The structures in the nucleus that carry the hereditary facto…
Cells
The basic biological unit of living organisms, containing a n…
Nucleus
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic mat…
71 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3- Cells and Tissues
cell theory
4 elements that make up a cell
3 main regions of the cell
nucleus
1. cells are the basic structures of living organisms... 2. acti…
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen
nucleus... cytoplasm... plasma membrane
control center; contains DNA
cell theory
1. cells are the basic structures of living organisms... 2. acti…
4 elements that make up a cell
carbon... hydrogen... oxygen... nitrogen
66 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Cilia and flagella
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vacuole
Mitochondria
Used for cell movement
Transports material; can be rough or smooth
Stores water, food and nutrients
Provides energy to the cell
Cilia and flagella
Used for cell movement
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports material; can be rough or smooth
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
99 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
What did Robert Hooke examine through…
What did Robert Hooke notice about the…
What did Robert Hooke name cells after?
What is used to name the smallest unit…
Robert Hooke looked at some Cork plant tissue.
He saw some cube-like structures that reminded him of the lon…
Monk rooms at the monastery
Cells
What did Robert Hooke examine through…
Robert Hooke looked at some Cork plant tissue.
What did Robert Hooke notice about the…
He saw some cube-like structures that reminded him of the lon…
119 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells & Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope/Nuclear Membrane
Nuclear Pores
Nucleoli
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic mat…
A double membrane barrier surrounding the nucleus
Large protein complexes
Small dark-staining round bodies. Ribosomes are assembled here.
Nucleus
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic mat…
Nuclear Envelope/Nuclear Membrane
A double membrane barrier surrounding the nucleus
86 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 3-CELLS AND TISSUES
interstitial fluid
extracellular matrix
nucleoli
neuroglia
the fluid between the cells
nonliving material in connective tissues consisting of ground…
small sperical bodies in the cell nucleus where ribosomes are…
aka glia, the no neural tissue of the central nervous system…
interstitial fluid
the fluid between the cells
extracellular matrix
nonliving material in connective tissues consisting of ground…
Anatomy-Chapter 3, Cells and Tissues.
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleolus
Chromatin
The plasma membrane is the boundary between the cell and its…
Material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma membrane.
A small, typically round granular body composed of protein an…
The substance distributed in the nucleus of a cell that conde…
Plasma Membrane
The plasma membrane is the boundary between the cell and its…
Cytoplasm
Material outside the nucleus and inside the plasma membrane.
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
membrane structure
Cell diversity: connect
Cell diversity: cover and line organs
cell diversity: move organs or body pa…
-2 layers of phospholipids... -selectively permeable - only some…
a short branched extension of a nerve cell, which impulses re…
-epithelial- pack together tightly, lots of intermediate fila…
-skeletal and smooth muscle- contain contractile filaments
membrane structure
-2 layers of phospholipids... -selectively permeable - only some…
Cell diversity: connect
a short branched extension of a nerve cell, which impulses re…
Anatomy-chapter 3 Cells and tissues
Epithelia Tissues
Epithelium Classifications, "simple"
Epithelium Classifications, "Stratified"
Shapes of cells, "Squamous"
Found in different areas... -Body coverings... -Body linings... -Gl…
one layer
more than one layer
Flattened cells
Epithelia Tissues
Found in different areas... -Body coverings... -Body linings... -Gl…
Epithelium Classifications, "simple"
one layer
98 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Cells
Tissue
3 main regions of cell
Nucleus
Building blocks of all living things
Group of cells that are similar in structure & function
Nucleus, cytoplasm, plasma membrane
Control center, contains DNA, 3 regions: nuclear membrane, nu…
Cells
Building blocks of all living things
Tissue
Group of cells that are similar in structure & function
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells & Tissues
Cell
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nucleoli
Structural unit of all living things
Hold a cells DNA; control center
Double membrane barrier, fluid filled 'moat'
Contained in the nucleus, hold all of the cells DNA
Cell
Structural unit of all living things
Nucleus
Hold a cells DNA; control center
141 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Cells
Four concepts of cell theory
Principle of complementarity
Chemical components of cells
Structural units of all living things
Cells are the basic structural and functional units of all li…
The biochemical activities of cells are dictated by the relat…
Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen (60% water)
Cells
Structural units of all living things
Four concepts of cell theory
Cells are the basic structural and functional units of all li…
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
32 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
tissue
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscle tissue
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
covers the surface of the body cavities, ducts, and vessels;…
tissue connecting body parts, protects, supports, binds toget…
tissue with elongated cells highly specialized to contract, o…
tissue
a group of similar cells specialized to perform a specific fu…
epithelial tissue
covers the surface of the body cavities, ducts, and vessels;…
88 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3- Cells and Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body; functions…
The most abundant and widely distributed tissue; functions in…
Highly specialized tissue that contracts to produce movement
Tissue
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelial tissue
Lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body; functions…
104 terms
Anatomy chapter 3 - cells and tissues
Who first discovered the cell?
Cell
What are the four elements of the cell?
Electrolytes
Robert hooke
Basic unit of life
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Substance that breaks down into ions when in solution and is…
Who first discovered the cell?
Robert hooke
Cell
Basic unit of life
Anatomy / Physiology Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
histology
nervous tissue (image)
connective tissue (image)
muscle tissue (image)
study of tissues
histology
study of tissues
nervous tissue (image)
201 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 & 4: Cells and Tissues
organization of life
smallest organization level that shows…
Four concepts of the Cell Theory
cytology
-chemical... -cellular... -tissue ... -organ... -organ system... -organismal…
cellular
1. basic structural and functional unit of life... 2. organismal…
study of cells
organization of life
-chemical... -cellular... -tissue ... -organ... -organ system... -organismal…
smallest organization level that shows…
cellular
124 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3- Cells and Tissues
Four elements that make up the bulk of…
Trace Elements
Cells
Tissues
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Calcium, iron, iodine, potassium
The building blocks of all living things. Cells are not all t…
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Four elements that make up the bulk of…
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen
Trace Elements
Calcium, iron, iodine, potassium
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 - Cells and Tissues
Define the basic concept of a cell
What four elements are cells composed of
Name the three main regions of a cell
What are the three main regions of the…
It is the structural and functional unit of a living organism…
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
1. Nucleus... 2. Cytoplasm ... 3. Plasma membrane
1. Nucleus envelope... 2. Nucleolus... 3. Chromatin
Define the basic concept of a cell
It is the structural and functional unit of a living organism…
What four elements are cells composed of
1. Carbon... 2. Hydrogen... 3. Oxygen... 4. Nitrogen
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: Concepts of Cells and Tissues
cell
cytology
histology
trillions
basic unit of life
the study of cells
the study of tissues
the human body is composed of __________________ of cells
cell
basic unit of life
cytology
the study of cells
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cell & Tissue
Nucleus
Plasma Membrane
Tight Junctions
Desmosomes
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier for cell contents... Double phospholipid layer: Hydrophi…
Impermeable junctions... Bind cells together into leakproof sheets
Anchoring junctions that prevent cells from being pulled apart
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Plasma Membrane
Barrier for cell contents... Double phospholipid layer: Hydrophi…
73 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
name the four elements that make up th…
name the single most abundant substanc…
what is the element found in small amo…
An element important for making bones…
oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon
water
Iron
calcium
name the four elements that make up th…
oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon
name the single most abundant substanc…
water
81 terms
Anatomy chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Plasma membrane
Interstitial fluid
Lipid and protein
Tight junctions
Transparent barrier surrounding cell, separates cell from env…
Derived from blood, fluid cells are immersed in, site of all…
Interstitial fluid is made of two ________ layers and _______…
Impermeable, bind cells together to prevent substances passin…
Plasma membrane
Transparent barrier surrounding cell, separates cell from env…
Interstitial fluid
Derived from blood, fluid cells are immersed in, site of all…
42 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Cells and tissue
Anatomy of the cell
nucleus
nuclear membrane
carry out all chemical activity ... building blocks ... tissue is s…
not the same ... 3 cell parts ... -nucleus ... -cytoplasm ... -plasma mem…
control center of the cell... contains DNA... 3 regions ... -nuclear m…
barrier of nucleus ... double phosphoric membrane ... contains nucl…
Cells and tissue
carry out all chemical activity ... building blocks ... tissue is s…
Anatomy of the cell
not the same ... 3 cell parts ... -nucleus ... -cytoplasm ... -plasma mem…
104 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and Physiology - Cells and Tissues
Cell Theory
Chemical Components of Cells
Cells
Tissues
-A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living…
Most cells are composed of:... -Carbon... -Hydrogen... -Oxygen... -Nitrogen
-are the building blocks of all living things.... -have three ma…
are groups of cells that are similar in structure and function.
Cell Theory
-A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of living…
Chemical Components of Cells
Most cells are composed of:... -Carbon... -Hydrogen... -Oxygen... -Nitrogen
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Fibroblast and Red Blood Cells
Epithelial Cells
Muscle Cells
Fat Cells
Cells that connect
Cells that cover and line organs
Cells that move
Cells that store
Fibroblast and Red Blood Cells
Cells that connect
Epithelial Cells
Cells that cover and line organs
8 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Membrane
Nuclear Poles
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
The two layered membrane that encases the nucleus of a eukary…
the double membrane surrounding the nucleus within a cell
are large protein complexes that cross the nuclear envelope,…
Nucleus
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
Nuclear Envelope
The two layered membrane that encases the nucleus of a eukary…
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
interstitial fluid
three main parts of a cell
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
tissue fluid; bathes every cell in the body
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer boundary of the cell
the internal living material of cells
interstitial fluid
tissue fluid; bathes every cell in the body
three main parts of a cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
172 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Cell
Cell Theory
Generalized Cell
According to what do the biochemical a…
structural units of all living things
1) structural units of all living things 2) activity of an or…
all cells have some common structures and functions
principle of complementarity
Cell
structural units of all living things
Cell Theory
1) structural units of all living things 2) activity of an or…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
cell
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
nucleus, cytoplasm, and plasma membrane
nucleus
the basic structure and function of living organisms
most cells are composed of 4 elements
all cells have these 3 main regions
control center... contains dna
cell
the basic structure and function of living organisms
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
most cells are composed of 4 elements
94 terms
Anatomy chapter 3: Cells and tissues
Intracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
plasma membrane
passive process
Found in the nucleoplasm and cytosol, contains gases,nutrient…
Fluid on the outside of the cell, contains nutrients, hormone…
selectively permeable barrier
no energy required, moves with the concentration gradient (hi…
Intracellular fluid
Found in the nucleoplasm and cytosol, contains gases,nutrient…
Interstitial fluid
Fluid on the outside of the cell, contains nutrients, hormone…
94 terms
Anatomy chapter 3: Cells and tissues
Intracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
plasma membrane
passive process
Found in the nucleoplasm and cytosol, contains gases,nutrient…
Fluid on the outside of the cell, contains nutrients, hormone…
selectively permeable barrier
no energy required, moves with the concentration gradient (hi…
Intracellular fluid
Found in the nucleoplasm and cytosol, contains gases,nutrient…
Interstitial fluid
Fluid on the outside of the cell, contains nutrients, hormone…
5 terms
anatomy chapter 3 cells and tissues
gene
enzymes
DNA
RNA
biological units of heredity located in chromatin; transmits…
a substance formed by living cells whose granules readily tak…
...
...
gene
biological units of heredity located in chromatin; transmits…
enzymes
a substance formed by living cells whose granules readily tak…
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
28 terms
ANATOMY: Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Histology
Simple
Stratified
Squamous
The study of tissues.
One layer.
Multiple layers.
Flat, squished cells.
Histology
The study of tissues.
Simple
One layer.
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
cells
4 Concepts of the Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
60
the structural units of all living things
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
creator of the cell theory
the cell is ----- percent water
cells
the structural units of all living things
4 Concepts of the Cell Theory
1. A cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Cells and Tissues
Anatomy of the Cell
The Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
•Carry out all chemical activities needed to sustain life... •Ce…
-Cells are not all the same... -All cells share general structur…
-Control center of the cell... -Contains genetic material (DNA)…
•Barrier of nucleus... •Consists of a double phospholipid membra…
Cells and Tissues
•Carry out all chemical activities needed to sustain life... •Ce…
Anatomy of the Cell
-Cells are not all the same... -All cells share general structur…
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
165 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 3 Cells and Tissues
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Dense connective tissue (dense fibrous…
Most Widespread Cartilage. Composed of collagen fibers and a…
Provides elasticity. Located- Supports external ear
Highly compressible. Located- Forms cushion like discs betwee…
Main matrix element is collagen fiber. Has fibroblasts. Locat…
Hyaline Cartilage
Most Widespread Cartilage. Composed of collagen fibers and a…
Elastic Cartilage
Provides elasticity. Located- Supports external ear
86 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Centrioles
Intermediate filaments
Microfilaments
Microtubules
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Help form desmosomes.
Involved in cell motility.
Help form shape of cell.
Centrioles
"Rod shaped" and made of microtubules. ... Help direct mitotic s…
Intermediate filaments
Help form desmosomes.
32 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 3: Cells/Tissues
the 3 membrane junctions
Tight Junctions
Desmosomes
Gap Junctions
tight junction, Desmosomes, Gap Junction
-impermeable junctions... -bind cells together into leak-proof s…
-Anchoring junctions that prevent cells from being pulled as…
-allow communication between cells... -Molecules can travel dire…
the 3 membrane junctions
tight junction, Desmosomes, Gap Junction
Tight Junctions
-impermeable junctions... -bind cells together into leak-proof s…
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells and Tissues
Cells and Tissues
Cells
Tissues
Anatomy of the cell
Carry out all chemical activities needed to sustain life
are the building blocks of all living things
are groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
cells are not all the same... all cells share general structures…
Cells and Tissues
Carry out all chemical activities needed to sustain life
Cells
are the building blocks of all living things
16 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3- Cells and Tissues
tissue
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscle tissue
any of the distinct types of material of which animals or pla…
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
tissue that connects, supports, binds, or separates other tis…
composed of cells or fibers, the contraction of which produce…
tissue
any of the distinct types of material of which animals or pla…
epithelial tissue
covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells…
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3- Cells and Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body; functions…
The most abundant and widely distributed tissue; functions in…
Highly specialized tissue that contracts to produce movement
Tissue
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelial tissue
Lining, covering, and glandular tissue of the body; functions…
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