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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3 organization cellular"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3 organization cellular"

36 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 3 Cellular level of Organization
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear Pores
Perinuclear Space
largest organelle... control center of cell
Double membrane around the nucleus
communication passages
Between the 2 layers of the nuclear envelop
Nucleus
largest organelle... control center of cell
Nuclear envelope
Double membrane around the nucleus
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
Cell
Cell Biology
3 Principle Parts of Cells
Passive processes
smallest living things; structural and functional subunits of…
study of cells, internal structures, and chemical reactions t…
1. Plasma membrane is a flexible outer surface of the cell... 2.…
-spontaneous... -chemicals move based on kinetic energy... -movemen…
Cell
smallest living things; structural and functional subunits of…
Cell Biology
study of cells, internal structures, and chemical reactions t…
72 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and P: The Cellular Level of Organization
Phospholipid Structure
Cell Membrane (consist of)
Cell Membrane: Simple Diffusion
Cell Membrane: Facilitated Diffusion
Polar Phosphate Head-hydrophillic... &... A non-Polar lipid tail- h…
phospholipid _bilayer_ containing many different molecular co…
NO ENERGY (Passive) allows only_Small, non-polar substances s…
-(Passive Transport (no energy needed) ? takes place with the…
Phospholipid Structure
Polar Phosphate Head-hydrophillic... &... A non-Polar lipid tail- h…
Cell Membrane (consist of)
phospholipid _bilayer_ containing many different molecular co…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cellular Level of Organization
Autolysis
Nuclear pores
Nucleoli
Extracellular fluid
process in which enzymes rapidly destroy the cell's proteins…
area where the chemical communication between the nucleus and…
dark staining areas that synthesize ribosomal RNA
fluid that surrounds a typical cell
Autolysis
process in which enzymes rapidly destroy the cell's proteins…
Nuclear pores
area where the chemical communication between the nucleus and…
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer
phospholipids
cholesterol
fluid mosaic model- composed of phospholipid, cholesterol, gl…
two layers of phospholipids with a hydrophobic inside and hyd…
forms the bilayer; made of glycerol, two fatty acid chains, a…
lipid molecule that determines the fluidity of the cell membr…
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model- composed of phospholipid, cholesterol, gl…
lipid bilayer
two layers of phospholipids with a hydrophobic inside and hyd…
31 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cell
The plasma membrane
The cytoplasm
The nucleus
the basic structural and functional unit of living things
-forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
(a large organelle that contains DNA in molecules called chro…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of living things
The plasma membrane
-forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
56 terms
anatomy & phys : chapter 3 - cellular organization
how would you describe the basic struc…
which membrane proteins are involved w…
what best describes the concept of mem…
what type of IV solution would be best…
semi-permeable lipid bilayer
carrier proteins
concentration gradient, electrical gradient
hypotonic solution
how would you describe the basic struc…
semi-permeable lipid bilayer
which membrane proteins are involved w…
carrier proteins
88 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cells
Two types of cells
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
Reproductive cells, male sperm, female oocyte
All body cells except sex cells
Cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Two types of cells
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
47 terms
Anatomy-Chapter 3 Cellular Levels of Organization
Cells
4 Statements About Cells
What 2 types of cells does the body co…
Sex Cells (Reproductive Cells)
tiny building blocks of plants and animals... -smallest unit fu…
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of life…
Sex Cells and Somatic Cells
eggs,sperm: fusion creates somatic cells
Cells
tiny building blocks of plants and animals... -smallest unit fu…
4 Statements About Cells
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of life…
30 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3 : The Cellular Level of Organization
How do materials get across the plasma…
Freely Permeable
Selectively Permeable
Passive Process
- The key to answering this question is permeability: (the pr…
A membrane through which any substance can pass without diffi…
Plasma membranes are called selectively permeable, however, b…
Move ions or molecules across the plasma membrane with no exp…
How do materials get across the plasma…
- The key to answering this question is permeability: (the pr…
Freely Permeable
A membrane through which any substance can pass without diffi…
22 terms
Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization (Anatomy of The Cell)
Sex Cells (Germ Cells)
Somatic Cells
Cytoplasm
Centrosomes & Centrioles Function
Reproductive cells... -Male sperm... -Female oocyte (A cell that de…
Body Cells; All body Cells EXCEPT sex cells
All materials inside the cell and outside the nucleus. Contai…
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division; o…
Sex Cells (Germ Cells)
Reproductive cells... -Male sperm... -Female oocyte (A cell that de…
Somatic Cells
Body Cells; All body Cells EXCEPT sex cells
18 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3 - Cellular Structure
mitochondrion
peroxisome
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
lysosome
mitochondrion
peroxisome
Anatomy: Chapter 3 - Cellular Level Organization
Cells
Cell Division
Cell Biology
Parts of The Cell
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
One cell divides into two identical cells. All cells come fro…
Study of cellular structure and function.
1. Plasma Membrane: cells flexible outer wall, contains cytop…
Cells
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Cell Division
One cell divides into two identical cells. All cells come fro…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma or cell membrane
cytoplasm
organelles
ribosome
the outer boundary of the cell
material between plasma membrane and membrane around the nucl…
structures suspended in the cytosol that perform specific fun…
an organelle that contains rRNA and proteins and is essential…
plasma or cell membrane
the outer boundary of the cell
cytoplasm
material between plasma membrane and membrane around the nucl…
83 terms
Anatomy chapter 3 cellular level of organization
Gene activation
step 2 of protein synthesis
step 3
step 4
first step of protein synthesis, removal of histones and DNA…
DNA strands seperate
enzymes assemble nucleotides into a single strand of mRNA.... co…
mRNA leaves nucleus through nuclear pores.
Gene activation
first step of protein synthesis, removal of histones and DNA…
step 2 of protein synthesis
DNA strands seperate
Anatomy Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma membrane
cholesterol
integral (transmembrane) proteins
peripheral proteins
flexible yet rigid barrier that surrounds and contains the cy…
gives the plasma membrane the rigid yet flexible shape
responsible for providing some type of channel to allow parti…
not firmly embedded in the membrane... attached to the polar hea…
plasma membrane
flexible yet rigid barrier that surrounds and contains the cy…
cholesterol
gives the plasma membrane the rigid yet flexible shape
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: Cellular Organization
Cell Theory
Cytology
Somatic cells
Sex Cells
-Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... -Ce…
The study of cells-their structures and functions.
Make up the structure of the body.
The reproductive cells or (Gametes).
Cell Theory
-Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... -Ce…
Cytology
The study of cells-their structures and functions.
48 terms
Chapter 3- Cellular Organization
3 main parts of a cell
functions of the plasma membrane
structure of the plasma membrane
fluidity of plasma membrane
1. plasma membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
-structure... -protection... -selectively permeable... -links to othe…
*know picture from book... -phospholipids--form the lipid bilay…
-Neighboring lipid molecules constantly exchange positions cr…
3 main parts of a cell
1. plasma membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
functions of the plasma membrane
-structure... -protection... -selectively permeable... -links to othe…
37 terms
Chapter 3 the cellular level of organization Anatomy
permeability
impermeable
freely permeable
selectively permeable
a property that allows substances to enter and leave cells
a membrane through which nothing can pass
a membrane through which anything can pass (usually dying)
a membrane through which some things can pass and others cannot
permeability
a property that allows substances to enter and leave cells
impermeable
a membrane through which nothing can pass
13 terms
Chapter 3: Cellular organization
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
-Surrounds the cell, keeps it intact.... -Regulates what enters…
-Large, centrally located structure that contains chromosomes…
-Rough ER and Smooth ER.... -Synthesizes proteins in the Rough E…
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
-Surrounds the cell, keeps it intact.... -Regulates what enters…
66 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3
mitochondria
cristae
matrix
glycos
The organelles responsible for energy production are the ____…
The inner membrane of a mitochondria contains numerous folds…
Cristae increase the surface area exposed to the fluid conten…
sugar
mitochondria
The organelles responsible for energy production are the ____…
cristae
The inner membrane of a mitochondria contains numerous folds…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
55 terms
Anatomy: The cellular level of organization chapter 3
Cholesterol
Glycolipid
Integral Protein
Peripheral Protein
Steroid lipids with polar and nonpolar regions. And are scatt…
Lipid with attached polar carbohydrate group and is only foun…
Firmly emebedded in the lipid bilayer, it is where many trans…
Attached to polar heads of phospholipid and are also attached…
Cholesterol
Steroid lipids with polar and nonpolar regions. And are scatt…
Glycolipid
Lipid with attached polar carbohydrate group and is only foun…
88 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cells
Two types of cells
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
Reproductive cells, male sperm, female oocyte
All body cells except sex cells
Cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Two types of cells
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
Parts of a cell
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
.......
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
185 terms
The Cellular Level of organization- Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
What does the selectivity of the plasm…
cytoplasm
cytosol
forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell'…
establishes and maintains the appropriate environment for nor…
consists of all the cellular contents between the plasma memb…
fluid portion of the cytoplasm(intracellular fluid)... - contain…
plasma membrane
forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell'…
What does the selectivity of the plasm…
establishes and maintains the appropriate environment for nor…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
163 terms
Chapter 3 Cellular Level of Organization
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cell
nucleus
cytoplasm
no nucleus
nucleus, billions per organism
control center of the cell
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and nucleus - c…
prokaryotic cell
no nucleus
eukaryotic cell
nucleus, billions per organism
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 101 Chapter 3-Cellular Level of Organization
The smallest living unit within the hu…
Which of the following is not part of…
The watery component of the cytoplasm…
Which of the following terms is not us…
the cell
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
cytosol
cell wall
The smallest living unit within the hu…
the cell
Which of the following is not part of…
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
24 terms
PHYS: Cellular Organization (Chapter 3)
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
nucleus
surrounds entire cell; lipid bilayer, mosaic of proteins, sel…
everything between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
liquid found in the cell between organelles; fluid portion of…
"brain" of the cell, NOT part of the cytoplasm; house's cell…
plasma membrane
surrounds entire cell; lipid bilayer, mosaic of proteins, sel…
cytoplasm
everything between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
76 terms
Anatomy Ch.3 Cellular Level of Organization
cell
cytology
red blood cell
ovum
smallest structure capable of maintaining life and reproducin…
the study of the structure/ function of cells
smallest cell
largest cell
cell
smallest structure capable of maintaining life and reproducin…
cytology
the study of the structure/ function of cells
45 terms
Chapter 3 The Cellular of Organization
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
cytoskeleton
flexible sturdy barrier that surrounds and contain the cytopl…
liquid, and organelles inside plasma membrane
liquid portion
structural protein for shape
plasma membrane
flexible sturdy barrier that surrounds and contain the cytopl…
cytoplasm
liquid, and organelles inside plasma membrane
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 3 - The Cellular Level of Organization
The Plasma Membrane
The Cytoplasm
The Nucleus
Plasma Membrane Functions
-Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
-is a large organelle that contains DNA in molecules called c…
-Acts as a barrier separating inside & outside of the cell.…
The Plasma Membrane
-Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
The Cytoplasm
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
98 terms
Chapter 3 (the cellular level of organization)
Cell theory
Gametes
Somatic cells
Functions of cell membrane
Cells are the building blocks for life... All cells come from ot…
Sex cells
all cells other than sex cells
physical isolation... regulation of exchange with the envioronm…
Cell theory
Cells are the building blocks for life... All cells come from ot…
Gametes
Sex cells
68 terms
Chapter 3 - Cellular Organization
stable cellS
labile cells
permanent cells
plasma membrane
-can divide when required... -can cause tumours but unlikely... -he…
-are constantly dividing ... -produce many tumours... -epithelial c…
-cells won't divide anymore once mature ... -brain(neurons), hea…
-forms the cells outer boundary, flexible yet sturdy... -separat…
stable cellS
-can divide when required... -can cause tumours but unlikely... -he…
labile cells
-are constantly dividing ... -produce many tumours... -epithelial c…
107 terms
Chapter 3 cellular organization
the basic living unit of structure and…
DNA
RNA
crenation of a red blood cell may occu…
a cell
-deoxyribonucleic acid ... -self replicating material present in…
-Ribonucleic acid ... -a nucleic acid present in all living cell…
hypertonic: increased pressure or tone
the basic living unit of structure and…
a cell
DNA
-deoxyribonucleic acid ... -self replicating material present in…
213 terms
Chapter 3 The cellular level of organization
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Cytoskeleton
Forms to Cell's flexible outer surface separating the cells i…
Consist of all the cellular contents between the plasma membr…
The fluid portion of cytoplasm called the intercellular fluid…
...
Plasma membrane
Forms to Cell's flexible outer surface separating the cells i…
Cytoplasm
Consist of all the cellular contents between the plasma membr…
8 terms
Chapter 3 Cellular Level of Organization
plasma membrane... internal ... external... hom…
cytoplasm... cytosol
nucleus
plasma membrane... fluid mosaic
forms the cell's flexible outer surface separating the cell's…
contains --; water, dissolved solutes and intracellular fluid…
a large organelle that houses most of the cell's DNA. within…
a flexible yet sturdy barrier; best described as the ---- mod…
plasma membrane... internal ... external... hom…
forms the cell's flexible outer surface separating the cell's…
cytoplasm... cytosol
contains --; water, dissolved solutes and intracellular fluid…
73 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3
cytology
sex
oocytes
somatic
the study of cellular structure and function.
_ _ _ cells ( germ cells/reproductive cells) are either the s…
a cell that develops into an egg
All body cells except sex cells.
cytology
the study of cellular structure and function.
sex
_ _ _ cells ( germ cells/reproductive cells) are either the s…
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 101 Chapter 3-Cellular Level of Organization
The smallest living unit within the hu…
Which of the following is not part of…
The watery component of the cytoplasm…
Which of the following terms is not us…
the cell
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
cytosol
cell wall
The smallest living unit within the hu…
the cell
Which of the following is not part of…
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
73 terms
Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
Cell Theory
Extracellular fuild
Intersticial fluid
Plasma Membrane
The theory of cells. - subdivide from existing one. ... -cells a…
-This is the liquid outside the cells. ... -It contains extracel…
The extracellular fluid around most tissue.
It separates the content of the cell from the extracellular f…
Cell Theory
The theory of cells. - subdivide from existing one. ... -cells a…
Extracellular fuild
-This is the liquid outside the cells. ... -It contains extracel…
70 terms
Chapter 3: The Cellular Level Organization
Somatic Cells
Sex Cells
Extracellular
Intracellular
typical body cells
germ cells (gametes)
outside cell
inside cell
Somatic Cells
typical body cells
Sex Cells
germ cells (gametes)
18 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3 - Cellular Structure
mitochondrion
peroxisome
smooth endoplasmic reticulum
lysosome
mitochondrion
peroxisome
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