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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3 organization"

22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cellular Level of Organization
Cell
Cell Biology
3 Principle Parts of Cells
Passive processes
smallest living things; structural and functional subunits of…
study of cells, internal structures, and chemical reactions t…
1. Plasma membrane is a flexible outer surface of the cell... 2.…
-spontaneous... -chemicals move based on kinetic energy... -movemen…
Cell
smallest living things; structural and functional subunits of…
Cell Biology
study of cells, internal structures, and chemical reactions t…
72 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy and P: The Cellular Level of Organization
Phospholipid Structure
Cell Membrane (consist of)
Cell Membrane: Simple Diffusion
Cell Membrane: Facilitated Diffusion
Polar Phosphate Head-hydrophillic... &... A non-Polar lipid tail- h…
phospholipid _bilayer_ containing many different molecular co…
NO ENERGY (Passive) allows only_Small, non-polar substances s…
-(Passive Transport (no energy needed) ? takes place with the…
Phospholipid Structure
Polar Phosphate Head-hydrophillic... &... A non-Polar lipid tail- h…
Cell Membrane (consist of)
phospholipid _bilayer_ containing many different molecular co…
36 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 3 Cellular level of Organization
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Nuclear Pores
Perinuclear Space
largest organelle... control center of cell
Double membrane around the nucleus
communication passages
Between the 2 layers of the nuclear envelop
Nucleus
largest organelle... control center of cell
Nuclear envelope
Double membrane around the nucleus
114 terms
Chapter 3 The Tissue Level of Organization (Kondo Anatomy)
TISSUES
EPITHELIAL (tissue)
CONNECTIVE (tissue)
MUSCLE (tissue)
A group of SIMILAR CELLS that usually have a common EMBRYOLOG…
COVERS body surfaces; LINES hollow organs, body cavities, & d…
PROTECTS & SUPPORTS body organs; BINDS organs together; store…
Provides MOVEMENT & the generation of force
TISSUES
A group of SIMILAR CELLS that usually have a common EMBRYOLOG…
EPITHELIAL (tissue)
COVERS body surfaces; LINES hollow organs, body cavities, & d…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Cellular Level of Organization
Autolysis
Nuclear pores
Nucleoli
Extracellular fluid
process in which enzymes rapidly destroy the cell's proteins…
area where the chemical communication between the nucleus and…
dark staining areas that synthesize ribosomal RNA
fluid that surrounds a typical cell
Autolysis
process in which enzymes rapidly destroy the cell's proteins…
Nuclear pores
area where the chemical communication between the nucleus and…
31 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cell
The plasma membrane
The cytoplasm
The nucleus
the basic structural and functional unit of living things
-forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
(a large organelle that contains DNA in molecules called chro…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of living things
The plasma membrane
-forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
39 terms
chapter 3-4 Anatomy, Levels of organization
Cyt-
Endo-
Hyper-
Hypo-
{cell}
{within}
{above}
{below}
Cyt-
{cell}
Endo-
{within}
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer
phospholipids
cholesterol
fluid mosaic model- composed of phospholipid, cholesterol, gl…
two layers of phospholipids with a hydrophobic inside and hyd…
forms the bilayer; made of glycerol, two fatty acid chains, a…
lipid molecule that determines the fluidity of the cell membr…
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model- composed of phospholipid, cholesterol, gl…
lipid bilayer
two layers of phospholipids with a hydrophobic inside and hyd…
88 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cells
Two types of cells
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
Reproductive cells, male sperm, female oocyte
All body cells except sex cells
Cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Two types of cells
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma or cell membrane
cytoplasm
organelles
ribosome
the outer boundary of the cell
material between plasma membrane and membrane around the nucl…
structures suspended in the cytosol that perform specific fun…
an organelle that contains rRNA and proteins and is essential…
plasma or cell membrane
the outer boundary of the cell
cytoplasm
material between plasma membrane and membrane around the nucl…
22 terms
Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization (Anatomy of The Cell)
Sex Cells (Germ Cells)
Somatic Cells
Cytoplasm
Centrosomes & Centrioles Function
Reproductive cells... -Male sperm... -Female oocyte (A cell that de…
Body Cells; All body Cells EXCEPT sex cells
All materials inside the cell and outside the nucleus. Contai…
Essential for movement of chromosomes during cell division; o…
Sex Cells (Germ Cells)
Reproductive cells... -Male sperm... -Female oocyte (A cell that de…
Somatic Cells
Body Cells; All body Cells EXCEPT sex cells
47 terms
Anatomy-Chapter 3 Cellular Levels of Organization
Cells
4 Statements About Cells
What 2 types of cells does the body co…
Sex Cells (Reproductive Cells)
tiny building blocks of plants and animals... -smallest unit fu…
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of life…
Sex Cells and Somatic Cells
eggs,sperm: fusion creates somatic cells
Cells
tiny building blocks of plants and animals... -smallest unit fu…
4 Statements About Cells
1. All living things are made of cells.... 2. Basic unit of life…
Anatomy: Chapter 3 - Cellular Level Organization
Cells
Cell Division
Cell Biology
Parts of The Cell
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
One cell divides into two identical cells. All cells come fro…
Study of cellular structure and function.
1. Plasma Membrane: cells flexible outer wall, contains cytop…
Cells
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Cell Division
One cell divides into two identical cells. All cells come fro…
56 terms
anatomy & phys : chapter 3 - cellular organization
how would you describe the basic struc…
which membrane proteins are involved w…
what best describes the concept of mem…
what type of IV solution would be best…
semi-permeable lipid bilayer
carrier proteins
concentration gradient, electrical gradient
hypotonic solution
how would you describe the basic struc…
semi-permeable lipid bilayer
which membrane proteins are involved w…
carrier proteins
30 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3 : The Cellular Level of Organization
How do materials get across the plasma…
Freely Permeable
Selectively Permeable
Passive Process
- The key to answering this question is permeability: (the pr…
A membrane through which any substance can pass without diffi…
Plasma membranes are called selectively permeable, however, b…
Move ions or molecules across the plasma membrane with no exp…
How do materials get across the plasma…
- The key to answering this question is permeability: (the pr…
Freely Permeable
A membrane through which any substance can pass without diffi…
83 terms
Anatomy chapter 3 cellular level of organization
Gene activation
step 2 of protein synthesis
step 3
step 4
first step of protein synthesis, removal of histones and DNA…
DNA strands seperate
enzymes assemble nucleotides into a single strand of mRNA.... co…
mRNA leaves nucleus through nuclear pores.
Gene activation
first step of protein synthesis, removal of histones and DNA…
step 2 of protein synthesis
DNA strands seperate
94 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Tissue level of organization (handout)
____________ are collections of specia…
There are four primary tissue types, w…
_________ is the study of tissues
___________ tissues cover surfaces, an…
Tissues
epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and neur…
histology
Epithelial
____________ are collections of specia…
Tissues
There are four primary tissue types, w…
epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and neur…
Anatomy Chapter 3: The Tissue Level of Organization
When referring to important characteri…
When referring to important characteri…
When referring to important characteri…
When referring to important characteri…
Cells bound closely together by junctions... Little to no interc…
Cytoplasmic components not evenly distributed between apical…
Basal surface of epithelium attached to basal lamina
Does not contain blood vessels
When referring to important characteri…
Cells bound closely together by junctions... Little to no interc…
When referring to important characteri…
Cytoplasmic components not evenly distributed between apical…
87 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: Cellular Organization
Cell Theory
Cytology
Somatic cells
Sex Cells
-Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... -Ce…
The study of cells-their structures and functions.
Make up the structure of the body.
The reproductive cells or (Gametes).
Cell Theory
-Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals.... -Ce…
Cytology
The study of cells-their structures and functions.
37 terms
Chapter 3 the cellular level of organization Anatomy
permeability
impermeable
freely permeable
selectively permeable
a property that allows substances to enter and leave cells
a membrane through which nothing can pass
a membrane through which anything can pass (usually dying)
a membrane through which some things can pass and others cannot
permeability
a property that allows substances to enter and leave cells
impermeable
a membrane through which nothing can pass
Anatomy Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
plasma membrane
cholesterol
integral (transmembrane) proteins
peripheral proteins
flexible yet rigid barrier that surrounds and contains the cy…
gives the plasma membrane the rigid yet flexible shape
responsible for providing some type of channel to allow parti…
not firmly embedded in the membrane... attached to the polar hea…
plasma membrane
flexible yet rigid barrier that surrounds and contains the cy…
cholesterol
gives the plasma membrane the rigid yet flexible shape
55 terms
Anatomy: The cellular level of organization chapter 3
Cholesterol
Glycolipid
Integral Protein
Peripheral Protein
Steroid lipids with polar and nonpolar regions. And are scatt…
Lipid with attached polar carbohydrate group and is only foun…
Firmly emebedded in the lipid bilayer, it is where many trans…
Attached to polar heads of phospholipid and are also attached…
Cholesterol
Steroid lipids with polar and nonpolar regions. And are scatt…
Glycolipid
Lipid with attached polar carbohydrate group and is only foun…
88 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
Cells
Two types of cells
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
Reproductive cells, male sperm, female oocyte
All body cells except sex cells
Cells
Building blocks of all plants and animals; smallest living un…
Two types of cells
Sex cells (germ cells) and Somatic cells
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 3: Tissue Level of Organization
Tissue
4 Principle Types of Tissue:
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Cell Shapes
group of similar cells and their intercellular substances tha…
epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous.
covering, lining, and glandular epithelium. It consists of de…
squamous (flat), cuboidal (square), columnar (rectangular), a…
Tissue
group of similar cells and their intercellular substances tha…
4 Principle Types of Tissue:
epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous.
185 terms
The Cellular Level of organization- Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
What does the selectivity of the plasm…
cytoplasm
cytosol
forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell'…
establishes and maintains the appropriate environment for nor…
consists of all the cellular contents between the plasma memb…
fluid portion of the cytoplasm(intracellular fluid)... - contain…
plasma membrane
forms the cell's flexible outer surface, separating the cell'…
What does the selectivity of the plasm…
establishes and maintains the appropriate environment for nor…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
97 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
Parts of a cell
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
.......
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 101 Chapter 3-Cellular Level of Organization
The smallest living unit within the hu…
Which of the following is not part of…
The watery component of the cytoplasm…
Which of the following terms is not us…
the cell
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
cytosol
cell wall
The smallest living unit within the hu…
the cell
Which of the following is not part of…
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
21 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy of the Nervous System (Gross Organization)
Major Sections of Telencephalon (7)
Major Sections of Diencephalon (4)
Major Sections of Mesencephalon (2)
Major Sections of Metencephalon (3)
cerebral cortex, major fissures, major gyri, four lobes, limb…
thalamus, hypothalamus, optic chiasm, pituitary gland
tectum, tegmentum
reticular formation, pons, cerebellum
Major Sections of Telencephalon (7)
cerebral cortex, major fissures, major gyri, four lobes, limb…
Major Sections of Diencephalon (4)
thalamus, hypothalamus, optic chiasm, pituitary gland
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
42 terms
Anatomy and Physiology I Chapter 3 - The Cellular Level of Organization
The Plasma Membrane
The Cytoplasm
The Nucleus
Plasma Membrane Functions
-Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
-is a large organelle that contains DNA in molecules called c…
-Acts as a barrier separating inside & outside of the cell.…
The Plasma Membrane
-Forms the cell's outer boundary and separates the cell's int…
The Cytoplasm
-contains all the cellular contents between the plasma membra…
119 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Organs, Systems, and the Body
Anatomical Position
Frontal(Coronal) Plane
Sagittal Plane
Transverse(axial) Plane
Universal point of reference to the direction of the body. St…
Cuts the body into front and back
cuts the body into vertical sections. ex. Cut between the wri…
Cuts the body into up and down.
Anatomical Position
Universal point of reference to the direction of the body. St…
Frontal(Coronal) Plane
Cuts the body into front and back
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
38 terms
Chapter 3 body organization
visceral
hematopoietic
thoracic
endocrine
pertaining to organs
made up of blood and blood forming tissues
the chest
provides chemical/hormonal control over body functions
visceral
pertaining to organs
hematopoietic
made up of blood and blood forming tissues
137 terms
Anatomy & Physiology 101 Chapter 3-Cellular Level of Organization
The smallest living unit within the hu…
Which of the following is not part of…
The watery component of the cytoplasm…
Which of the following terms is not us…
the cell
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
cytosol
cell wall
The smallest living unit within the hu…
the cell
Which of the following is not part of…
All cells differentiate into specialized cell types
76 terms
Anatomy Ch.3 Cellular Level of Organization
cell
cytology
red blood cell
ovum
smallest structure capable of maintaining life and reproducin…
the study of the structure/ function of cells
smallest cell
largest cell
cell
smallest structure capable of maintaining life and reproducin…
cytology
the study of the structure/ function of cells
53 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3; the Cellular Level or Organization
cells
cell division
cell biology
somatic
living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane
one cell divides into two identical cells
study of cellular structure and function
body cells
cells
living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane
cell division
one cell divides into two identical cells
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
66 terms
The Cellular Level of Organization - Chapter 3
mitochondria
cristae
matrix
glycos
The organelles responsible for energy production are the ____…
The inner membrane of a mitochondria contains numerous folds…
Cristae increase the surface area exposed to the fluid conten…
sugar
mitochondria
The organelles responsible for energy production are the ____…
cristae
The inner membrane of a mitochondria contains numerous folds…
131 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3: The Cellular Level of Organization
What are cells?
What is cell division?
What is cell biology?
OBJECTIVE... 1. Name and describe the thr…
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
The study of cellular structure and function.
...
What are cells?
Living structural and functional units enclosed by a membrane.
What is cell division?
Process by which all cells arise from existing cells and one…
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
48 terms
Chapter 3- Cellular Organization
3 main parts of a cell
functions of the plasma membrane
structure of the plasma membrane
fluidity of plasma membrane
1. plasma membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
-structure... -protection... -selectively permeable... -links to othe…
*know picture from book... -phospholipids--form the lipid bilay…
-Neighboring lipid molecules constantly exchange positions cr…
3 main parts of a cell
1. plasma membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
functions of the plasma membrane
-structure... -protection... -selectively permeable... -links to othe…
13 terms
Chapter 3: Cellular organization
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
-Surrounds the cell, keeps it intact.... -Regulates what enters…
-Large, centrally located structure that contains chromosomes…
-Rough ER and Smooth ER.... -Synthesizes proteins in the Rough E…
3 Main parts of a cell
Plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
-Surrounds the cell, keeps it intact.... -Regulates what enters…
28 terms
Chapter 3 - Organic Chemistry
Amino acid structure
Nucleotide structure
Monosaccharide structure
Phospholipid (fatty acid) structure
Amino acid structure
Nucleotide structure
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