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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Vocab
Cytoplasm
Vesicle
Nucleolus
Desmosome
Gel-like substance of cells that contain many tiny suspended…
Tiny membranous bubble created from the Golgi Apparatus and u…
Small dense part of nucleus, makes ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Hold adjacent cells together (like a spot weld)
Cytoplasm
Gel-like substance of cells that contain many tiny suspended…
Vesicle
Tiny membranous bubble created from the Golgi Apparatus and u…
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Review
Cholesterol
Attached Ribosomes
Cisternae
Cristae
Helps control the fluidity of the cell.
Make proteins for Export.
The flattened sacs that make up the Golgi apparatus.
Folds of the mitochondria.
Cholesterol
Helps control the fluidity of the cell.
Attached Ribosomes
Make proteins for Export.
86 terms
anatomy chapter 3
active transport
cell
cell cycle
cell membrane
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
the sequence that the cell goes through from one mitotic divi…
also called the plasma membrane
active transport
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
cell
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
241 terms
anatomy - chapter 3
plasma membrane
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
what type of barrier is a plasma membr…
cytoplasm
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
selective barrier that regulates flow of materials.
part of cell that is between the plasma membrane and outside…
plasma membrane
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
42 terms
Chapter 3- Anatomy
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer
Membrane proteins
receptors
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
1. enzymes ... 2. receptors ... 3.ion channels ... 4.carriers... 5. link
recognize and bind to other molecules, cell recognition sites
Plasma membrane
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
phospholipid bilayer
45 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
Abductor
Adductor
Anabolism
Anatomy
Muscles that separate the fingers
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones…
The study of the organs and systems of the body.
Abductor
Muscles that separate the fingers
Adductor
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
cell
50-100 trillion
differentiation
cell membrane
the basic organization structure of the human body
how many cells are there in the human body approximately?
- when cells specialize ... - gives cells different size and sha…
- outer limit of the cell... - controls what moves in and out of…
cell
the basic organization structure of the human body
50-100 trillion
how many cells are there in the human body approximately?
92 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
cell
tissues
nucleus
nuclear envelope
building blocks of all living things
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center of cell, contains DNA
protects / encloses the fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
cell
building blocks of all living things
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
38 terms
Anatomy Marieb Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
20 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Plasma membrane
DNA
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
provides barrier between inside and outside
carries the genetic code
watery environment contains molecules needed for life
factories where proteins are made
Plasma membrane
provides barrier between inside and outside
DNA
carries the genetic code
119 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
interstitial fluid
cells
4 primary elements of cells
calcium
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
~carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
~needed for blood clotting
interstitial fluid
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
cells
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 - Tissues
Cardiac MT
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar ET
Reticular CT
Blood CT
Cardiac MT
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar ET
77 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
fluid mosaic model
the outer boundary of the cell
intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
an organelle that controls cellular activities
depict the plasma membrane as an exceedingly thin structure c…
plasma membrane
the outer boundary of the cell
cytoplasm
intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
128 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cytology
Robert Hooke
Spontaneous
Louis Pasteur
Scientific study of cells
Coined the word cellulae to describe empty cell walls of cork.
Concept that living things, such as maggots, could arise from…
Conclusively demonstrated that spontaneous generation does no…
Cytology
Scientific study of cells
Robert Hooke
Coined the word cellulae to describe empty cell walls of cork.
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Cells
Electrolytes
Generalized cell
Nucleus
Building block of all living things
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Typical structures and functions common to all cells
Control center of the cell
Cells
Building block of all living things
Electrolytes
Metals carrying an electrical charge
29 terms
Anatomy Marieb Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
"tails" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins; nucleic aci…
phospholipid bilayer with proteins and cholesterol integrated…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
hydrophobic (water fearing); lie within the double membrane o…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins; nucleic aci…
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer with proteins and cholesterol integrated…
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
osmosis
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
66 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Passive Transport
Two types of passive transport
Diffusion
Dialysis
energy moving liquids through cells; comes from an outside so…
Diffusion and Osmosis
molecules of different concentrations will pass through a per…
for kidneys; a type of diffusion involving blood and waste (u…
Passive Transport
energy moving liquids through cells; comes from an outside so…
Two types of passive transport
Diffusion and Osmosis
109 terms
chapter 3 anatomy
cephalic
umbilical
plantar
genital
head
navel
sole of foot
reproductive organs
cephalic
head
umbilical
navel
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
84 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hyoid bone
Thyroid cartilage
Epiglottis
Corniculate Cartilage
not part of the larynx.
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic. Epithelial tissue.
Hyaline Cartilage
hyoid bone
not part of the larynx.
Thyroid cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell
Organelle
Hierarchy
Cell model (have to identify 3 major c…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Atom-molecule-macromolecule-organelle-cell-tissue-organ-organ…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Organelle
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell theory
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
an organelle that controls cellular activities
• cell is the structural and functional unit of life... • activi…
plasma membrane
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
cytoplasm
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
25 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Foundations Chapter 3
Integumentary system
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis
Dermis
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Epidermis and Dermis
The skins most superficial layer composed of stratified squam…
Deep to the epidermis is the dermis which is composed of loos…
Integumentary system
Is composed of the skin, hair, nails and cutaneous glands
Skin is made of 2 layers
Epidermis and Dermis
108 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell theory
the principle of complementary structure
Human cells
Cells that connect body parts, form li…
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
there are over 250 types of cells out of the trillion that re…
epithelial, fibroblasts, erythrocytes
Cell theory
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the principle of complementary structure
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
Organelle that controls cellular activities. ... -Typically lies…
Cell Theory
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
Plasma Membrane
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
Anatomy Chapter 3
4 components of the cell theory
Generalized Cell
Three main regions of a General Cell
Cellular Membrane 1: tight junction
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
All cells have some common structures and functions
1. Nucleus: control center has genes (DNA) & instructions for…
impermeable; leak proof, prevent substances from leaking betw…
4 components of the cell theory
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
Generalized Cell
All cells have some common structures and functions
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Three subdivisions of a cell
Cytoplasm contains?
Cytosol
Organelles
1. Plasma... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Nucleus
Cytosol and organelles
the intracellular fluid portion of the cytoplasm
The specialized structures that have specific shapes and perf…
Three subdivisions of a cell
1. Plasma... 2. Cytoplasm... 3. Nucleus
Cytoplasm contains?
Cytosol and organelles
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Functions of skeletal system
Support
Storage/ electrolyte balance
Blood cell production
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
maintain reservoir for calcium and phosphate salts for body f…
hematopoiesis- occurs in the red marrow and results in increa…
Functions of skeletal system
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
Support
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
130 terms
anatomy chapter 3 terms
cells
cell theory
generalized cell
nucleus
Basic units of living organisms
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
All cells have the same basic parts; a nucleus, cytoplasm and…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
cells
Basic units of living organisms
cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
44 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3
histology
epithelial tissue
Epithelial Tissue classified in 2 ways
shape of cell
the study of tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
arrangement and shape
squamous, cubital, columnar
histology
the study of tissue
epithelial tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
40 terms
anatomy chapter 3
fibers
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
muscle cells
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
(involuntary, visceral)... found wrapped around organ walls & bl…
(striated, involuntary)... composes HEART wall, fibers connected…
fibers
muscle cells
skeletal
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
20 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
Stellate
spheroidal
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Star-shaped; radiating from a center, nerve cells
Sphere shaped/ white blood cells
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Part II
Tissues
Epithelial tissue
Apical surface
Basement membrane
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Lining covering and glandular tissue
Unattached surface or edge of the epithelium
Membrane on which the lower surface of an epithelium rests
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelial tissue
Lining covering and glandular tissue
40 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Extracellular Fluid
Tonicity
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
all of the cellular components between the plasma membrane an…
site of cellular respiration (ATP synthesis)
Extracellular Fluid
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
Tonicity
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cells make up ______
Tissues make up____
All the cells in the body share:
How do cells get what they need?
tissues
organs
cytoplasm, plasma membrane, nucleus
Capillary beds surround cells... capillaries leak stuff into…
Cells make up ______
tissues
Tissues make up____
organs
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
the gel-like fluid in the cytoplasm ... 75%-90% water
intracellular structures (specialized) with specific functions
plasma membrane
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cytoplasm
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Terms
Hypertonic
Exocytosis
Lysosomes
Rough ER
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
Enzymes help breakdown foreign particles and worn out cell pa…
Transport channels studded with ribosomes
Hypertonic
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Exocytosis
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
18 terms
anatomy chapter 3
cell
phosholipid bilayer
hydrophobic
phospholipid bilayer contains
smallest unit of life
2 parts; hydrophobic and hydrophilic
water fearing
proteins, cholesterol, and glycoproteins and glycolipids
cell
smallest unit of life
phosholipid bilayer
2 parts; hydrophobic and hydrophilic
41 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy Vocab
Cells
Electrolytes
generalized cell
nucleus
basic biological unit of living organisms, containing a nucle…
substance that breaks down into ions when in solution and is…
all main cells have a nucleus, cytoplasm and a plasma membran…
dense central body in most cells containing the genetic mater…
Cells
basic biological unit of living organisms, containing a nucle…
Electrolytes
substance that breaks down into ions when in solution and is…
189 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
the electron microscope
1665
-discovered and names cells in 1665... -e…
because when Hooke looked at bark cell…
Why have we made so much progress in what we know of cells?
When was the first cell investigation?
Robert Hooke
how did cells get its name
the electron microscope
Why have we made so much progress in what we know of cells?
1665
When was the first cell investigation?
32 terms
Dons Anatomy chapter 3
apoptosis
Cell membrane
exocytosis
endocytosis
programmed cell death
separates the cell from its environment
movement out of cell using a vesicle
moving a substance into a cell using a vesicle
apoptosis
programmed cell death
Cell membrane
separates the cell from its environment
75 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Amphipathic molecules
Integral proteins
Transmembrane proteins
Peripheral proteins: structure
Have both polar and non polar ends
extend into the membrane and are firmly embedded in it
span the entire lipid bilayer and protrude through both
are not as embedded in the membrane, they attatch to the pola…
Amphipathic molecules
Have both polar and non polar ends
Integral proteins
extend into the membrane and are firmly embedded in it
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