Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 3
serous membranes
pericardium
peritoneum
pleura
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
the serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and cove…
each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enve…
serous membranes
a mesothelial tissue that lines certain internal cavities of…
pericardium
the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibr…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
anatomy chapter 3
active transport
cell
cell cycle
cell membrane
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
the sequence that the cell goes through from one mitotic divi…
also called the plasma membrane
active transport
one of two transport mechanisms ... moves uphill
cell
is the structure and function unit of all living matter
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
anatomy - chapter 3
plasma membrane
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
what type of barrier is a plasma membr…
cytoplasm
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
selective barrier that regulates flow of materials.
part of cell that is between the plasma membrane and outside…
plasma membrane
flexible membrane that separates everything inside the cell f…
what is the key role of the plasma mem…
communicating between cells and their external environment.
111 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Anatomy - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Plasma membrane
DNA
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
provides barrier between inside and outside
carries the genetic code
watery environment contains molecules needed for life
factories where proteins are made
Plasma membrane
provides barrier between inside and outside
DNA
carries the genetic code
92 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
cell
tissues
nucleus
nuclear envelope
building blocks of all living things
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center of cell, contains DNA
protects / encloses the fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
cell
building blocks of all living things
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
119 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
interstitial fluid
cells
4 primary elements of cells
calcium
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
~carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
~needed for blood clotting
interstitial fluid
~a dilute saltwater solution bathing all bod cells... all exchan…
cells
~Robert Hooke; smallest unit of all living things; largely pr…
45 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
Abductor
Adductor
Anabolism
Anatomy
Muscles that separate the fingers
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones…
The study of the organs and systems of the body.
Abductor
Muscles that separate the fingers
Adductor
Muscles that draw the fingers together.
587 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
about 200
cell division
cytology
plasma membrane
how many different types of cells are there?
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
the study of cellular structure and ... function
the cell's flexible outer surface
about 200
how many different types of cells are there?
cell division
the process of a cell arising from an ... existing cell
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
77 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
fluid mosaic model
the outer boundary of the cell
intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
an organelle that controls cellular activities
depict the plasma membrane as an exceedingly thin structure c…
plasma membrane
the outer boundary of the cell
cytoplasm
intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
Anatomy Vocab - Chapter 3
Active Transport
Apoptosis
Cell Membrane
Centrosome
Process that requires an expenditure of energy to move a subs…
A form of cell death that is actually a normal part of develo…
The selectively permeable outer boundary of a cell consisting…
Cellular organelle consisting of two centrioles
Active Transport
Process that requires an expenditure of energy to move a subs…
Apoptosis
A form of cell death that is actually a normal part of develo…
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Vocab
Cytoplasm
Vesicle
Nucleolus
Desmosome
Gel-like substance of cells that contain many tiny suspended…
Tiny membranous bubble created from the Golgi Apparatus and u…
Small dense part of nucleus, makes ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
Hold adjacent cells together (like a spot weld)
Cytoplasm
Gel-like substance of cells that contain many tiny suspended…
Vesicle
Tiny membranous bubble created from the Golgi Apparatus and u…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Cells
Electrolytes
Generalized cell
Nucleus
Building block of all living things
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Typical structures and functions common to all cells
Control center of the cell
Cells
Building block of all living things
Electrolytes
Metals carrying an electrical charge
Anatomy Marieb Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
77 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
The basic stuctural units of all plant…
The smallest functioning units of life…
Cells are produced only by the divisio…
The primary function of each cell in t…
cells
cells
preexisting cells
homeostasis
The basic stuctural units of all plant…
cells
The smallest functioning units of life…
cells
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
cell theory
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
an organelle that controls cellular activities
• cell is the structural and functional unit of life... • activi…
plasma membrane
outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively permea…
cytoplasm
intracellular fluid packed with organelles
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Review
Epithelial Membrane
Mocous
Serous
Cutaneous
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
Lined cavities closed to the outside world... Ex. pleura, perica…
Skin... Skin is a dry membrane
Epithelial Membrane
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Mocous
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
Anatomy Marieb Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
"tails" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins; nucleic aci…
phospholipid bilayer with proteins and cholesterol integrated…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
hydrophobic (water fearing); lie within the double membrane o…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins; nucleic aci…
plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer with proteins and cholesterol integrated…
109 terms
chapter 3 anatomy
cephalic
umbilical
plantar
genital
head
navel
sole of foot
reproductive organs
cephalic
head
umbilical
navel
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell
Organelle
Hierarchy
Cell model (have to identify 3 major c…
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Atom-molecule-macromolecule-organelle-cell-tissue-organ-organ…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Organelle
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Anatomy Chapter 3
hyoid bone
Thyroid cartilage
Epiglottis
Corniculate Cartilage
not part of the larynx.
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic. Epithelial tissue.
Hyaline Cartilage
hyoid bone
not part of the larynx.
Thyroid cartilage
Hyaline cartilage
44 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3
histology
epithelial tissue
Epithelial Tissue classified in 2 ways
shape of cell
the study of tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
arrangement and shape
squamous, cubital, columnar
histology
the study of tissue
epithelial tissue
covers body and lines body cavities (cells packed closely tog…
40 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Extracellular Fluid
Tonicity
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
all of the cellular components between the plasma membrane an…
site of cellular respiration (ATP synthesis)
Extracellular Fluid
all substances found outside the cell... ex: interstitial fluid:…
Tonicity
ability of a solution to change the shape or tone of cells by…
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
cytosol
organelles
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
the gel-like fluid in the cytoplasm ... 75%-90% water
intracellular structures (specialized) with specific functions
plasma membrane
outer membrane of the cell ... selectively permeable
cytoplasm
cellular contents between the plasma membrane and the nucleus
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Terms
Hypertonic
Exocytosis
Lysosomes
Rough ER
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
Enzymes help breakdown foreign particles and worn out cell pa…
Transport channels studded with ribosomes
Hypertonic
Cell shrinkage (loses water due to osmotic pressure)
Exocytosis
Molecules secrete substance intot he membrane forming a vesic…
108 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell theory
the principle of complementary structure
Human cells
Cells that connect body parts, form li…
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
there are over 250 types of cells out of the trillion that re…
epithelial, fibroblasts, erythrocytes
Cell theory
the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms,…
the principle of complementary structure
the biochemical activities of cells are dictated by their sha…
123 terms
Chapter 3: Anatomy and Physiology
Cell
Cell Theory
Cytology
Plasma (Cell) membrane
the smallest living unit in the human body
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
The study of cells
The outer boundary of a cell.
Cell
the smallest living unit in the human body
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... 2.…
Anatomy: Chapter 3
cytology
Robert Hooke, a cork
Pasteur
Schwann
the scientific study of cells
who first observed a cell? how?
who disproved spontaneous generation?
who coined the term "cell"?
cytology
the scientific study of cells
Robert Hooke, a cork
who first observed a cell? how?
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Review
Cholesterol
Attached Ribosomes
Cisternae
Cristae
Helps control the fluidity of the cell.
Make proteins for Export.
The flattened sacs that make up the Golgi apparatus.
Folds of the mitochondria.
Cholesterol
Helps control the fluidity of the cell.
Attached Ribosomes
Make proteins for Export.
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Nucleus
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
Intracellular fluid packed with organelles, small structures…
Organelle that controls cellular activities. ... -Typically lies…
Cell Theory
1. A cell is the basic structural & functional unit of living…
Plasma Membrane
The outer boundary of the cell which acts as a selectively pe…
54 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
...
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Anatomy Chapter 3
4 components of the cell theory
Generalized Cell
Three main regions of a General Cell
Cellular Membrane 1: tight junction
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
All cells have some common structures and functions
1. Nucleus: control center has genes (DNA) & instructions for…
impermeable; leak proof, prevent substances from leaking betw…
4 components of the cell theory
1. basic unit of function & structure... 2. activities of organi…
Generalized Cell
All cells have some common structures and functions
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Functions of skeletal system
Support
Storage/ electrolyte balance
Blood cell production
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
maintain reservoir for calcium and phosphate salts for body f…
hematopoiesis- occurs in the red marrow and results in increa…
Functions of skeletal system
1) support... 2) storage/ electrolyte balance... 3) blood cell prod…
Support
bones provide attachments for soft tissues and organs. the ba…
40 terms
anatomy chapter 3
fibers
skeletal
smooth
cardiac
muscle cells
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
(involuntary, visceral)... found wrapped around organ walls & bl…
(striated, involuntary)... composes HEART wall, fibers connected…
fibers
muscle cells
skeletal
(voluntary, striated)... covers bones... 2/3 of all muscles
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
osmosis
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
Diffusion of water across a membrane
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
osmosis
Diffusion of water across a membrane
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
20 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
Stellate
spheroidal
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Star-shaped; radiating from a center, nerve cells
Sphere shaped/ white blood cells
Second Messenger System
Cytoplasm
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
130 terms
anatomy chapter 3 terms
cells
cell theory
generalized cell
nucleus
Basic units of living organisms
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
All cells have the same basic parts; a nucleus, cytoplasm and…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
cells
Basic units of living organisms
cell theory
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrous cartilage
fibrocytes
provides stiff but somewhat flexible support; reduces frictio…
found in auricle of external ear, auditory canal; provides su…
found in pads within knee joins; between pubic bones of pevli…
MAINTAIN connective tissue fibers and matrix (mature) can tur…
hyaline cartilage
provides stiff but somewhat flexible support; reduces frictio…
elastic cartilage
found in auricle of external ear, auditory canal; provides su…
189 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
the electron microscope
1665
-discovered and names cells in 1665... -e…
because when Hooke looked at bark cell…
Why have we made so much progress in what we know of cells?
When was the first cell investigation?
Robert Hooke
how did cells get its name
the electron microscope
Why have we made so much progress in what we know of cells?
1665
When was the first cell investigation?
36 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 3: Cells
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
NUCLEUS
CYTOPLASM
ORGANELLES
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
FILL OUT THE CELLS FLUID AREA
SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INSIDE THE CELL
CELL MEMBRANE (PLASMA MEMBRANE)
ENCLOSES THE CELL. REGULATES MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES IN AND OU…
NUCLEUS
HOUSES THE GENETIC MATERIAL & CONTROLS CELLULAR ACTIVITIES
anatomy chapter 3
cell
phosholipid bilayer
hydrophobic
phospholipid bilayer contains
smallest unit of life
2 parts; hydrophobic and hydrophilic
water fearing
proteins, cholesterol, and glycoproteins and glycolipids
cell
smallest unit of life
phosholipid bilayer
2 parts; hydrophobic and hydrophilic
39 terms
Chapter 3 Human Anatomy
Cell
Cell Membrane/ Plasma Membrane
Selectively Permeable
Nucleus
The smallest living subunit of a multicellular organism such…
The outer boundary of a cell and is made of phospholipids, ch…
cell membrane is selectively permeable; certain substances ar…
within the cytoplasm and is bounded by a double layered nucle…
Cell
The smallest living subunit of a multicellular organism such…
Cell Membrane/ Plasma Membrane
The outer boundary of a cell and is made of phospholipids, ch…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Part II
Tissues
Epithelial tissue
Apical surface
Basement membrane
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Lining covering and glandular tissue
Unattached surface or edge of the epithelium
Membrane on which the lower surface of an epithelium rests
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Epithelial tissue
Lining covering and glandular tissue
Anatomy chapter 3
Amphipathic molecules
Integral proteins
Transmembrane proteins
Peripheral proteins: structure
Have both polar and non polar ends
extend into the membrane and are firmly embedded in it
span the entire lipid bilayer and protrude through both
are not as embedded in the membrane, they attatch to the pola…
Amphipathic molecules
Have both polar and non polar ends
Integral proteins
extend into the membrane and are firmly embedded in it
102 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 3 Embryology
What does differentiation lead to?
What does reproduction ensure?
How long is the prenatal period?
How does the prenatal period begin? End?
Leads to the formation and organization of all the diverse ce…
Ensures that new individuals are produced from generation to…
first 38 weeks of human development
Fertilization of the secondary oocyte; with birth
What does differentiation lead to?
Leads to the formation and organization of all the diverse ce…
What does reproduction ensure?
Ensures that new individuals are produced from generation to…
67 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
The cell is the basic
Organismal activity depends on both
plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
structural and functional unit of living organisms
chemical and physical activity of the cells
separates intracellular from extracellular space
contains organelles (not the nucleus) and fluid
The cell is the basic
structural and functional unit of living organisms
Organismal activity depends on both
chemical and physical activity of the cells
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