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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

23 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
cardiac muscle
stratified squamous
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
147 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
46 terms
anatomy chapter 3
Plasma Membrabe
lysosomes
Mitochondira
Golgi apparatus
Located: external boundary of the cell... Function: confines cel…
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: contain powerful digestive enzymes
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: control release of energy from f…
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: modify and package proteins
Plasma Membrabe
Located: external boundary of the cell... Function: confines cel…
lysosomes
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: contain powerful digestive enzymes
22 terms
anatomy chapter 3
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
mitochondria
ribosomes
no nucleus; single celled organisms; reproduce asexually
nucleus; paired chromosomes; multicellular life
energy releasing organelle
made of RNA and protein; site of protein synthesis; not membr…
prokaryotic
no nucleus; single celled organisms; reproduce asexually
eukaryotic
nucleus; paired chromosomes; multicellular life
CHAPTER 3 Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
Integral Protiens
Passive Diffusion
Passive processes
Regulates passage of material in and out of the cell
Help larger molecules pass through the plasma membrane
Molecules moving from regions of higher concentration to regi…
Powered by kinetic energy
Plasma Membrane
Regulates passage of material in and out of the cell
Integral Protiens
Help larger molecules pass through the plasma membrane
77 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 3: Cells
Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMS)
Glycolipids
Cholesterol
Phospholipids
Glycoproteins that form attachments between cells
lipids with sugar group end facing the extracellular fluid
flat lipid rings that wedges b/w tails of phospholipids and a…
polar and hydrophilic head with non-polar hydrophobic tail. L…
Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMS)
Glycoproteins that form attachments between cells
Glycolipids
lipids with sugar group end facing the extracellular fluid
34 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
cytoplasm
Cholesterol
Nucleus
Centrioles
"Living Matter"
Component of plasma membrane
Controls reproduction of the cell
Function during cell division
cytoplasm
"Living Matter"
Cholesterol
Component of plasma membrane
82 terms
chapter 3 anatomy
passive
active
diffusion
osmosis
no transport
uses ATP
high to low concentration
diffusion of water
passive
no transport
active
uses ATP
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
59 terms
Chapter 3- Anatomy
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
Cell division
occurs in G1/ transcription and translation
start with DNA-convert to mRNA
start with mRNA-ribosome grabs mRNA and makes protein from in…
accurately making more of the same kind of cell
Gene Expression
occurs in G1/ transcription and translation
Transcription
start with DNA-convert to mRNA
54 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
...
Nucleus
Ribosomes
107 terms
Chapter 3 anatomy
Three basic parts of the human cell
Extracellular materials
Plasma Membrane
Plasma membrane consists of
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
Extracellular fluids, cellular secretions, Extracellular matrix
acts as a active barrier, controls what enters and leaves cell,
membrane lipids that form a flexible lipid bilayer
Three basic parts of the human cell
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
Extracellular materials
Extracellular fluids, cellular secretions, Extracellular matrix
68 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy Review
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
covering
support
movement
control
epithelial
covering
connective
support
25 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Energy required for active transport p…
examples of Passive transport
High concentration to low concentraton
filtration of water across a selective…
ATP
Diffusion & Filtration
passive transport
Osmosis
Energy required for active transport p…
ATP
examples of Passive transport
Diffusion & Filtration
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
26 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell
Organelle
Tissue
Nucleus
basic structural and functional unit of living organisms
specialized structures within the cell
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center containing all DNA
Cell
basic structural and functional unit of living organisms
Organelle
specialized structures within the cell
87 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Sex, Somatic
Centrosome
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Two types of Cells
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
Composed of 9 microtubule triplets
Proteins organized in fine filaments or slender tubes
Sex, Somatic
Two types of Cells
Centrosome
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
17 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Simple Squamous
Stratified Squamous
Simple Columnar
Stratified Transitional
Lungs; Diffusion of gases ... (Epithelial)
Skin; Protection... (Epithelial)
stomach, intestines; protection, secretion... (Epithelial)
Bladder; Protection... (Epithelial)
Simple Squamous
Lungs; Diffusion of gases ... (Epithelial)
Stratified Squamous
Skin; Protection... (Epithelial)
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Name: Simple Squamous ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name: Simple Cuboidal... Shape/Layer: Sin…
Name: Simple Columnar ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name: Pseudostratified Columnar... Shape/…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name: Simple Squamous ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name: Simple Cuboidal... Shape/Layer: Sin…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
13 terms
Anatomy chapter 3 vocab
Nucleus
Membrane
Pores
Chromatin
Control center
Between the 2 membranes, "moat"
Penetrate through the fused regions
DNA
Nucleus
Control center
Membrane
Between the 2 membranes, "moat"
122 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell Theory (1)
Cell Theory (2)
Cell Theory (3)
Cell Theory (4)
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals
All cells come from the division of pre-existing cells
cells are the smallest units that perform all vital physiolog…
each cell maintains homeostasis at the cellular level
Cell Theory (1)
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals
Cell Theory (2)
All cells come from the division of pre-existing cells
48 terms
anatomy chapter 3 vocab
compound light microscope
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
cytology
uses light and 2 lenses to magnify a specimen
uses an electron beam to see INTERNAL structures
shows a 3D view of the specimen
the study of cells
compound light microscope
uses light and 2 lenses to magnify a specimen
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
uses an electron beam to see INTERNAL structures
42 terms
Chapter 3- Anatomy
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer
Membrane proteins
receptors
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
1. enzymes ... 2. receptors ... 3.ion channels ... 4.carriers... 5. link
recognize and bind to other molecules, cell recognition sites
Plasma membrane
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
phospholipid bilayer
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell membrane. Separates interior of all cells from the outsi…
All the cellular components between the plasma membrane and t…
Fluid portion if the cytoplasm. Made of Water and dissolved n…
Has a nucleus
Plasma membrane
Cell membrane. Separates interior of all cells from the outsi…
Cytoplasm
All the cellular components between the plasma membrane and t…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
microvilli
tight junction
desmosomes
gap junction
increase cells surface area
bind cells together and prevent things from passing through t…
anchors and prevents cells from being seperated
allow communication, contain conexons with hollow cylinders
microvilli
increase cells surface area
tight junction
bind cells together and prevent things from passing through t…
48 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
Chemistry
Physiology
Element
Atom
Is the study of atoms and molecules and their interactions.…
Is largely about the interactions between molecules in our ce…
A substance that cannot be broken down chemically into anothe…
The smallest portion of an element that cannot be subdivided…
Chemistry
Is the study of atoms and molecules and their interactions.…
Physiology
Is largely about the interactions between molecules in our ce…
21 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Prokaryotic
Eurokaryotic
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a mem…
an organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
a minute particle consisting of RNA and associated proteins,…
Prokaryotic
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Eurokaryotic
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a mem…
21 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3: Body Tissue
Epithelial tissue
basement membrane
SImple squamous
Simple cuboidal
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
The lower surface cells rest on
Thin layer of flattened cells that rests on the basement memb…
One layer of cube ... shaped cells that rest on ... a basement memb…
Epithelial tissue
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
basement membrane
The lower surface cells rest on
20 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
active transport
isotonic solutions
hypotonic solution
hypertonic solution
uses energy; ions move against the concentration gradient (lo…
"equal"; a solution that has the same amount of salt/solute c…
any solution with lower salt or solute concentration than nor…
any solution with a higher salt or solute concentration than…
active transport
uses energy; ions move against the concentration gradient (lo…
isotonic solutions
"equal"; a solution that has the same amount of salt/solute c…
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
organelle
cell
mitochondria
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Basic unit of all living things
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
plasma membrane
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
three parts of the cell theory
How does the cell shape relate to its…
Types of cells in the human body
What is the cell membrane made of?
Nucleus, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm
All living things must have one cell
Hetertroph, Eukaryotic, and Multicellular
Composed mostly of proteins and phospholipids
three parts of the cell theory
Nucleus, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm
How does the cell shape relate to its…
All living things must have one cell
Anatomy Chapter 3
mitochondria
Ribosomes
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum
site of ATP synthesis; powerhouse of the cell
Free or attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum; the sites of…
"membrane factory" integral proteins and phospholipids form p…
arranged in a looping network... metabolize lipids, synthesize…
mitochondria
site of ATP synthesis; powerhouse of the cell
Ribosomes
Free or attached to rough endoplasmic reticulum; the sites of…
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
epithelial tissue functions
special characteristics of ET 1
special characteristic of ET 2
special characteristic of ET 3
secretion, protection, absorption and filtration
cells form sheets
a vascular
regenerate very easily
epithelial tissue functions
secretion, protection, absorption and filtration
special characteristics of ET 1
cells form sheets
100 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy/Physiology
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Anchoring Proteins
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
Bound to the inner or outer surface of the membrane and are e…
Attach the plasma membrane to other structures and stabilize…
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Integral Proteins
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
10 terms
Anatomy vocab chapter 3
Capillary
Tonsil
Thymus
Spleen
A tiny blood vessel that allows these exchanges between blood…
Small lymphatic organs at the back of the throat and tongue
An organ in the chest
Largest lymphatic organ
Capillary
A tiny blood vessel that allows these exchanges between blood…
Tonsil
Small lymphatic organs at the back of the throat and tongue
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
125 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Robert Hooke 1665
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek 1674
Larger and More Complex... Have a Nucleus... Have Membrane-Bound…
Simple and Small... No Nucleus... No Organelles... DNA is contained…
--use of an early compound microscope to... view cork... --coins t…
--used a single lens microscope to... view tiny living organisms
Eukaryotic Cell
Larger and More Complex... Have a Nucleus... Have Membrane-Bound…
Prokaryotic Cell
Simple and Small... No Nucleus... No Organelles... DNA is contained…
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Mitosis importance
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
because of mitosis each cell is genetically identical (same n…
division of the nucleus (chromosomes are distributed to two s…
two pairs of centrioles outside nucleus begin moving towards…
nuclear envelope fragmented... chromosomes aligned at the equato…
Mitosis importance
because of mitosis each cell is genetically identical (same n…
Mitosis
division of the nucleus (chromosomes are distributed to two s…
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
muscular tissue
nervous tissue
covers body surface, lines hollow organs, body cavities, and…
protects and supports the body and its organs. stores energy…
cells specialized for contractions and generation of force. w…
detects change in variety of conditions inside and outside th…
epithelial tissue
covers body surface, lines hollow organs, body cavities, and…
connective tissue
protects and supports the body and its organs. stores energy…
25 terms
Anatomy-chapter 3- tissues
tissue
epithelial tissues
connective tissues
muscular tissues
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
protects and supports the body and its organs. binds organs t…
composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
epithelial tissues
covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
35 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
10-15
surface area to volume ratio
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
most human cells range from ___________ micrometers in diameter
what limits how large a cell can get
the fluid between the nucleus and surface membrane
composed or proteins and lipids to form a boundary
10-15
most human cells range from ___________ micrometers in diameter
surface area to volume ratio
what limits how large a cell can get
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Microvilli
Nucleus
Secretory Vesicle
Peroxisome
Increases surface membrane surface area for rapid absorption…
the "headquarters," or control center of the cell
Drifts through cytoplasm, fuses with cell membrane and releas…
Breaks down harmful wastes into non-harmful compounds
Microvilli
Increases surface membrane surface area for rapid absorption…
Nucleus
the "headquarters," or control center of the cell
84 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
A tripled-layered membrane...
Dark stained granules in the Nucleus...
Sac-like structure containing digestiv…
A system of tubules, sacs and vesicles…
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Chromatin Granules
Lysosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A tripled-layered membrane...
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Dark stained granules in the Nucleus...
Chromatin Granules
15 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY - CHAPTER 3
cell membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
nucleolus
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
bounded by a double layered nuclear membrane, contains large…
find inside the nucleus, made of RNA and proteins
cell membrane
extremely thin, selective permeable, contain double layer of…
cytoplasm
contain clean liquid called cytosol, a supportive cytoskeleto…
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
ribosome
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth Muscle
microvilli
This organelle is responsible for protein synthesis
This organelle is responsible for packaging
This is made up of non striated involuntary muscle cells
Tiny, finger like extensions of the plasma membrane that incr…
ribosome
This organelle is responsible for protein synthesis
Golgi Apparatus
This organelle is responsible for packaging
30 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3: Body Tissue
Epithelial tissue
basement membrane
SImple squamous
serosae
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
The lower surface cells rest on
Thin layer of flattened cells that rests on the basement memb…
lines the ventral cavity and ... its organs.
Epithelial tissue
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
basement membrane
The lower surface cells rest on
17 terms
Anatomy (chapter 3)
appendix
anus
colon
deglutition
external opening of the retum
longest part of the large intestine
process of swallowing food
appendix
anus
external opening of the retum
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Locations of Epithelial
Functions of Epithelial
Characteristics of Epithelial
How to Classify Epithelial
-Body coverings(organs) ... -Body linings(tubes/spaces) ... -Glandu…
-Protection of internal tissues(shield) ... -Absorption (first l…
-Cells fit closely together(form sheets)... -The apical surface…
-Number of cell layers ... ~ simple: one layer... ~ stratified: m…
Locations of Epithelial
-Body coverings(organs) ... -Body linings(tubes/spaces) ... -Glandu…
Functions of Epithelial
-Protection of internal tissues(shield) ... -Absorption (first l…
55 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
tissues
epithelial tissue
functions of epithelial tissue
simple epithelium
collections of specialized cells and their cell products that…
tissues which cover surfaces, line the cavities of the body,…
-physical protection both externally and internally... -control…
single layer of cells
tissues
collections of specialized cells and their cell products that…
epithelial tissue
tissues which cover surfaces, line the cavities of the body,…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 Review
Epithelial Membrane
Mocous
Serous
Cutaneous
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
Lined cavities closed to the outside world... Ex. pleura, perica…
Skin... Skin is a dry membrane
Epithelial Membrane
Three types... Serous and mocous membranes both secrete substances
Mocous
Lined cavities that open to the outside world... EX. Nose, mouth…
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