Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 3"

122 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3 tissues
tissue
epithelial tissue, connective tissue m…
epithelial tissue
functions of epithelial tissue
collections of specialized cells and their cell products perf…
four types of tissues
tissues which cover surfaces, line cavities of the body and w…
physical protection, protect exposed surfaces, both internal…
tissue
collections of specialized cells and their cell products perf…
epithelial tissue, connective tissue m…
four types of tissues
CHAPTER 3 Anatomy
Plasma Membrane
Integral Protiens
Passive Diffusion
Passive processes
Regulates passage of material in and out of the cell
Help larger molecules pass through the plasma membrane
Molecules moving from regions of higher concentration to regi…
Powered by kinetic energy
Plasma Membrane
Regulates passage of material in and out of the cell
Integral Protiens
Help larger molecules pass through the plasma membrane
59 terms
Human Anatomy Chapter 3
Stratified squamous epithelial tissue…
Epithelial Tissues
Epithelium
Adipose Connective Tissue A... Cell membr…
Epidermis of skin, oral cavity, anus, tongue, vagina are cove…
Forms a protective covering for all of the internal and exter…
Membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal…
Fat filled cells provide energy, physical padding and tempera…
Stratified squamous epithelial tissue…
Epidermis of skin, oral cavity, anus, tongue, vagina are cove…
Epithelial Tissues
Forms a protective covering for all of the internal and exter…
Anatomy Chapter 3
cellular activity
cytology
cell surface activity
phospholipids
foundation for bodily function; dysfunction, source of disease
study of cellular structure and function; 200 kinds of cells…
binding of single molecule; stimulation of cellular activity;…
highly fluid; 75% of lipid molecules; hydrophilic phosphate h…
cellular activity
foundation for bodily function; dysfunction, source of disease
cytology
study of cellular structure and function; 200 kinds of cells…
chapter 3 anatomy
lipid bilayer
phospholipids
cholesterol
glycolipid
1. phospholipids ... 2. cholesterol ... 3. glycolipid
hydrophilic head- faces outside and cytosol ... hydrophobic tail…
makes it less soluble
marker for cell to cell communication
lipid bilayer
1. phospholipids ... 2. cholesterol ... 3. glycolipid
phospholipids
hydrophilic head- faces outside and cytosol ... hydrophobic tail…
Anatomy Chapter 3
glycoprotein
desmosome
gap junctions
Serves as specific biological marker → cell recognition
a cell connection; acts like "spot welds", connecting adjacen…
tunnels that join the cytoplasm of two cells
glycoprotein
Serves as specific biological marker → cell recognition
desmosome
a cell connection; acts like "spot welds", connecting adjacen…
54 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3: Cells
cell theory
basic characteristics of cells
plasma membrane composed of
phospholipid heads
- cells are basic structural + functional units of life ... - ac…
- all cells are composed mainly of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen a…
double layer of lipid molecules in which proteins are embedded
hydrophilic... line up to face the inner and outer surfaces of t…
cell theory
- cells are basic structural + functional units of life ... - ac…
basic characteristics of cells
- all cells are composed mainly of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen a…
Chapter 3 Anatomy Vocab
fluid mosaic
hydrophilic
hydrophobic
glycolipid
A depiction of the structure of the membranes of a cell as ph…
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars.
fluid mosaic
A depiction of the structure of the membranes of a cell as ph…
hydrophilic
Refers to molecules, or portions of molecules, that interact…
23 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
cardiac muscle
stratified squamous
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
46 terms
anatomy chapter 3
Plasma Membrabe
lysosomes
Mitochondira
Golgi apparatus
Located: external boundary of the cell... Function: confines cel…
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: contain powerful digestive enzymes
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: control release of energy from f…
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: modify and package proteins
Plasma Membrabe
Located: external boundary of the cell... Function: confines cel…
lysosomes
Located: Cytoplasm... Function: contain powerful digestive enzymes
Anatomy Chapter 3
Mitosis importance
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
because of mitosis each cell is genetically identical (same n…
division of the nucleus (chromosomes are distributed to two s…
two pairs of centrioles outside nucleus begin moving towards…
nuclear envelope fragmented... chromosomes aligned at the equato…
Mitosis importance
because of mitosis each cell is genetically identical (same n…
Mitosis
division of the nucleus (chromosomes are distributed to two s…
Anatomy Chapter 3
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
nuclear envelope
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Having the same solute concentration as another solution.
Double membrane barrier surrounds nucleus
hypertonic
Having greater concentration of solute than another solution
hypotonic
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
22 terms
anatomy chapter 3
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
mitochondria
ribosomes
no nucleus; single celled organisms; reproduce asexually
nucleus; paired chromosomes; multicellular life
energy releasing organelle
made of RNA and protein; site of protein synthesis; not membr…
prokaryotic
no nucleus; single celled organisms; reproduce asexually
eukaryotic
nucleus; paired chromosomes; multicellular life
100 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy/Physiology
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
Anchoring Proteins
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
Bound to the inner or outer surface of the membrane and are e…
Attach the plasma membrane to other structures and stabilize…
Plasma Membrane... (Phospholipid Bilayer)
Lipid bilayer containing phospholipids, steroids, proteins, a…
Integral Proteins
Part of the plasma membrane structure that cannot be easily s…
Chapter 3 Anatomy
cytoplasm
Cholesterol
Nucleus
Centrioles
"Living Matter"
Component of plasma membrane
Controls reproduction of the cell
Function during cell division
cytoplasm
"Living Matter"
Cholesterol
Component of plasma membrane
125 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Eukaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic Cell
Robert Hooke 1665
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek 1674
Larger and More Complex... Have a Nucleus... Have Membrane-Bound…
Simple and Small... No Nucleus... No Organelles... DNA is contained…
--use of an early compound microscope to... view cork... --coins t…
--used a single lens microscope to... view tiny living organisms
Eukaryotic Cell
Larger and More Complex... Have a Nucleus... Have Membrane-Bound…
Prokaryotic Cell
Simple and Small... No Nucleus... No Organelles... DNA is contained…
147 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 3
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nucleoli
Chromatin
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
Nucleus contains one or more... Sites of ribosome assembly... Ribos…
Composed of DNA and protein... Present when the cell is not divi…
Nucleus
The control center of the cell... Contains genetic material (DNA…
Nuclear Envelope
Barrier of the nucleus... Consists of a double membrane... Contains…
25 terms
Anatomy-chapter 3- tissues
tissue
epithelial tissues
connective tissues
muscular tissues
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
protects and supports the body and its organs. binds organs t…
composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
epithelial tissues
covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
82 terms
chapter 3 anatomy
passive
active
diffusion
osmosis
no transport
uses ATP
high to low concentration
diffusion of water
passive
no transport
active
uses ATP
46 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
ribosome
Golgi Apparatus
Smooth Muscle
microvilli
This organelle is responsible for protein synthesis
This organelle is responsible for packaging
This is made up of non striated involuntary muscle cells
Tiny, finger like extensions of the plasma membrane that incr…
ribosome
This organelle is responsible for protein synthesis
Golgi Apparatus
This organelle is responsible for packaging
77 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 3: Cells
Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMS)
Glycolipids
Cholesterol
Phospholipids
Glycoproteins that form attachments between cells
lipids with sugar group end facing the extracellular fluid
flat lipid rings that wedges b/w tails of phospholipids and a…
polar and hydrophilic head with non-polar hydrophobic tail. L…
Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAMS)
Glycoproteins that form attachments between cells
Glycolipids
lipids with sugar group end facing the extracellular fluid
Anatomy (chapter 3)
appendix
anus
colon
deglutition
external opening of the retum
longest part of the large intestine
process of swallowing food
appendix
anus
external opening of the retum
Chapter 3- Anatomy
Gene Expression
Transcription
Translation
Cell division
occurs in G1/ transcription and translation
start with DNA-convert to mRNA
start with mRNA-ribosome grabs mRNA and makes protein from in…
accurately making more of the same kind of cell
Gene Expression
occurs in G1/ transcription and translation
Transcription
start with DNA-convert to mRNA
25 terms
Anatomy chapter 3
Energy required for active transport p…
examples of Passive transport
High concentration to low concentraton
filtration of water across a selective…
ATP
Diffusion & Filtration
passive transport
Osmosis
Energy required for active transport p…
ATP
examples of Passive transport
Diffusion & Filtration
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA
plasma membrane
fluid mosaic model
"heads" of phospholipid molecules
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
hydrophilic (water loving); lie on both the inner and outer s…
DNA
genetic material; instructions to build proteins
plasma membrane
cell membrane; fragile, transparent barrier that contains all…
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Simple Squamous Epithelial Cells
Simple Cuboidal Epithelial Cells
Simple Columnar Epithelial Cells
Transitional Epithelial Cells
Single layer, flattened, good at diffusion, lungs
Cube-shaped, increase volume, excrete, kidneys/covers surface…
Column like, lines digestive tract, secretion and absorption
Stretchy, in bladder,
Simple Squamous Epithelial Cells
Single layer, flattened, good at diffusion, lungs
Simple Cuboidal Epithelial Cells
Cube-shaped, increase volume, excrete, kidneys/covers surface…
Anatomy Chapter 3
DNA molecules contain:
DNA bases:
RNA
Ribosome
proteins, helix, phosphate & sugar
Adenine & guanine; Cytosine & thymine
Leaves nucleus & carries out instructions of DNA
protein on a cytoplasmic structure
DNA molecules contain:
proteins, helix, phosphate & sugar
DNA bases:
Adenine & guanine; Cytosine & thymine
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell
Organelle
Tissue
Nucleus
basic structural and functional unit of living organisms
specialized structures within the cell
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center containing all DNA
Cell
basic structural and functional unit of living organisms
Organelle
specialized structures within the cell
Anatomy Chapter 3
Simple Squamous
Stratified Squamous
Simple Columnar
Stratified Transitional
Lungs; Diffusion of gases ... (Epithelial)
Skin; Protection... (Epithelial)
stomach, intestines; protection, secretion... (Epithelial)
Bladder; Protection... (Epithelial)
Simple Squamous
Lungs; Diffusion of gases ... (Epithelial)
Stratified Squamous
Skin; Protection... (Epithelial)
92 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
cell
tissues
nucleus
nuclear envelope
building blocks of all living things
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
control center of cell, contains DNA
protects / encloses the fluid nucleoplasm in which other nucl…
cell
building blocks of all living things
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Name: Simple Squamous ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name: Simple Cuboidal... Shape/Layer: Sin…
Name: Simple Columnar ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name: Pseudostratified Columnar... Shape/…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name: Simple Squamous ... Shape/Layer: Si…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Name: Simple Cuboidal... Shape/Layer: Sin…
Name the type of Epithelial Tissue, Shape and Layer, Function…
Anatomy Chapter 3: Cells
Organelle
Cell
Nucleus
Cell Membrane
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
Cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membra…
The selectively permeable membrane or outer boundary of a cel…
Organelle
A structure in a cell that has a specialized function
Cell
The structural and functional unit of an organelle
68 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy Review
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
covering
support
movement
control
epithelial
covering
connective
support
47 terms
Chapter 3 Anatomy
Cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Cholesterol
Nucleus
"Living matter"
Surrounds and serves as a boundary for cells
Component of plasma membrane
Controls reproduction of the cell
Cytoplasm
"Living matter"
Plasma Membrane
Surrounds and serves as a boundary for cells
72 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cytology
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral proteins
the study of cells
physical isolation, separates ICF and ECF, regulates movement…
hydrophilic-heads, hydrophobic-tails, fat sandwich, carbs in…
transmembrane proteins
Cytology
the study of cells
Plasma membrane
physical isolation, separates ICF and ECF, regulates movement…
43 terms
anatomy chapter 3
differentiated cells
general cell (4 things)
cell membrane
what is the structure of the membrane
cells with specialized characteristics
membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, organelles
function: regulates movement in/ out of cell= selectively per…
phospholipid bilayer w/ soluble heads/ insoluble tail
differentiated cells
cells with specialized characteristics
general cell (4 things)
membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, organelles
Anatomy Chapter 3
three parts of the cell theory
How does the cell shape relate to its…
Types of cells in the human body
What is the cell membrane made of?
Nucleus, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm
All living things must have one cell
Hetertroph, Eukaryotic, and Multicellular
Composed mostly of proteins and phospholipids
three parts of the cell theory
Nucleus, Cell Membrane, Cytoplasm
How does the cell shape relate to its…
All living things must have one cell
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
organelle
cell
mitochondria
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Basic unit of all living things
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
plasma membrane
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
plasma membrane
organelle
cell
mitochondria
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Basic unit of all living things
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
plasma membrane
The membrane that surrounds the cell, regulating the entry an…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
anatomy chapter 3 vocab
compound light microscope
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
scanning electron microscope (SEM)
cytology
uses light and 2 lenses to magnify a specimen
uses an electron beam to see INTERNAL structures
shows a 3D view of the specimen
the study of cells
compound light microscope
uses light and 2 lenses to magnify a specimen
transmission electron microscope (TEM)
uses an electron beam to see INTERNAL structures
87 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Sex, Somatic
Centrosome
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Two types of Cells
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
Composed of 9 microtubule triplets
Proteins organized in fine filaments or slender tubes
Sex, Somatic
Two types of Cells
Centrosome
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
microvilli
tight junction
desmosomes
gap junction
increase cells surface area
bind cells together and prevent things from passing through t…
anchors and prevents cells from being seperated
allow communication, contain conexons with hollow cylinders
microvilli
increase cells surface area
tight junction
bind cells together and prevent things from passing through t…
107 terms
Chapter 3 anatomy
Three basic parts of the human cell
Extracellular materials
Plasma Membrane
Plasma membrane consists of
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
Extracellular fluids, cellular secretions, Extracellular matrix
acts as a active barrier, controls what enters and leaves cell,
membrane lipids that form a flexible lipid bilayer
Three basic parts of the human cell
Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, Nucleus
Extracellular materials
Extracellular fluids, cellular secretions, Extracellular matrix
114 terms
CELL chapter 3! Anatomy
cytology
cell
Extracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
study of formation, structure, and function of cells
structural unit of all living things; smallest unit of a livi…
body fluid outside the cell
tissue fluid is a solution that bathes and surrounds the tiss…
cytology
study of formation, structure, and function of cells
cell
structural unit of all living things; smallest unit of a livi…
30 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 3: Body Tissue
Epithelial tissue
basement membrane
SImple squamous
serosae
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
The lower surface cells rest on
Thin layer of flattened cells that rests on the basement memb…
lines the ventral cavity and ... its organs.
Epithelial tissue
covers, lines,... and forms glands in the body.
basement membrane
The lower surface cells rest on
13 terms
Anatomy chapter 3 vocab
Nucleus
Membrane
Pores
Chromatin
Control center
Between the 2 membranes, "moat"
Penetrate through the fused regions
DNA
Nucleus
Control center
Membrane
Between the 2 membranes, "moat"
122 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Cell Theory (1)
Cell Theory (2)
Cell Theory (3)
Cell Theory (4)
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals
All cells come from the division of pre-existing cells
cells are the smallest units that perform all vital physiolog…
each cell maintains homeostasis at the cellular level
Cell Theory (1)
cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals
Cell Theory (2)
All cells come from the division of pre-existing cells
917 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 3
What are the different concepts in the…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Plasma membrane/Cell membrane
What are the functions of the cell mem…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
The outer boundary of the cell
PHYSICAL ISOLATION - Physical barrier that separates the insi…
What are the different concepts in the…
Cells are the building blocks of all plants and animals... Cell…
What are the two types of cells in the…
Sex cells & Somatic cells
42 terms
Chapter 3- Anatomy
Plasma membrane
phospholipid bilayer
Membrane proteins
receptors
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
1. enzymes ... 2. receptors ... 3.ion channels ... 4.carriers... 5. link
recognize and bind to other molecules, cell recognition sites
Plasma membrane
a barrier used to contain the cytoplasm
phospholipid bilayer
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 3
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
Eukaryotic Cell
Cell membrane. Separates interior of all cells from the outsi…
All the cellular components between the plasma membrane and t…
Fluid portion if the cytoplasm. Made of Water and dissolved n…
Has a nucleus
Plasma membrane
Cell membrane. Separates interior of all cells from the outsi…
Cytoplasm
All the cellular components between the plasma membrane and t…
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