Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 4"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 4"

Anatomy Chapter 4
Membrane
Purpose of membrane
Cutaneous membrane
Mucous membrane
Thin flexible border which allows some substances to pass
•line, cover, protect and lubricate body surfaces
•skin... •dry membrane and outer protective boundary
•lines all body cavities that open to the exterior body surfa…
Membrane
Thin flexible border which allows some substances to pass
Purpose of membrane
•line, cover, protect and lubricate body surfaces
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissue is catagorized by wh…
Simple Squamous
Stratifies Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
shape and # of layers
(EPETHELIAL) one layer of flattened cells. In blood capilarie…
(EPETHELIAL)many layers of flat cells. Skin and body orfices
(EPETHELIAL)One layer of cube shaped cells. Secreting glands,…
Epithelial Tissue is catagorized by wh…
shape and # of layers
Simple Squamous
(EPETHELIAL) one layer of flattened cells. In blood capilarie…
96 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Some bind orga…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
Four types of tissues
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
125 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 & 5
lamellated corpuscle
Cartilage
Smooth muscle tissue
chondroitin sulfate
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
Muscle tissue in the walls of many visceral organs; character…
The predominant proteoglycan in cartilage, responsible for th…
lamellated corpuscle
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
Cartilage
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
Chapter 4 Anatomy
tissue
histology
4 types of tissues
epithelial tissue location
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
epithelial, cardiac, skeletal, muscle
cover internal and external surfaces of body (skin, lining of…
tissue
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
histology
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
synovial membrane
cutaneous membrane
nervous system
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
The only dry membrane is the?
Skin acts in body heat loss or heat retention. This is contro…
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
synovial membrane
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
Anatomy Vocab - Chapter 4
Aerobic Respiration
Anabolism
Anaerobic Respiration
Catabolism
The complete, energy-releasing, breakdown of glucose to carbo…
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
The energy-releasing breakdown of glucose to lactic acid, in…
Metabolic process that breaks down large molecules into small…
Aerobic Respiration
The complete, energy-releasing, breakdown of glucose to carbo…
Anabolism
Metabolic process by which larger molecules are synthesized f…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
gate keepers, "free - edge"
ties together, binds, protects
contractile, movement, posture, temperarture
made up of 20% neurons/80% neuroglia
epithelial
gate keepers, "free - edge"
connective
ties together, binds, protects
Anatomy - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Epithelial
Connective
Muscular
Nervous
This type of tissue performs the cover function.
This type of tissue performs the connect function.
This type of tissue performs the contract function.
This type of tissue performs the communicate function.
Epithelial
This type of tissue performs the cover function.
Connective
This type of tissue performs the connect function.
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
anatomy - chapter 4
what are the four types of tissues in…
what are the functions of epithelial t…
what are the functions of connective t…
what are the functions of muscular tis…
epithelial, connective, muscular, & nervous.
- covers body surfaces... - lines hollow organs... - forms glands... -…
- protects and support body & organs.... - stores energy reserve…
- cells specialized for contraction.... - generates heat.
what are the four types of tissues in…
epithelial, connective, muscular, & nervous.
what are the functions of epithelial t…
- covers body surfaces... - lines hollow organs... - forms glands... -…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
covering and lining membranes
your skin
membrane type that lines body cavities that are open to the e…
membrane type that surrounds the organs.
epithelial membranes
covering and lining membranes
cutaneous membrane
your skin
Anatomy Chapter 4 Vocab
stratum basale
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
stratum lucidum
cells are actively dividing stem cells; some newly formed cel…
cells contain thick bundles of intermediate filaments made of…
cells are flattened, organelles are deteriorating; cytoplasm…
thin, invisible layer of dead cells; only found on the palms…
stratum basale
cells are actively dividing stem cells; some newly formed cel…
stratum spinosum
cells contain thick bundles of intermediate filaments made of…
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
106 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
A long, threadlike molecule with uniform diameter but varied…
A single piece of coiled DNA wrapped around special packaging…
A cell having one chromosome set or an organism composed of s…
A cell having two chromosome sets or an individual organism h…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
A long, threadlike molecule with uniform diameter but varied…
Chromosome
A single piece of coiled DNA wrapped around special packaging…
27 terms
Word Anatomy Chapter 4
hist/o
Epithelial tissue
Connective Tissue
Circulating connective tissue (blood a…
tissue... Example: Histology is the study of tissues
covers body surfaces; closely packed cells with minimal matri…
the supporting fabric of all parts of the body, contains wide…
cells are separated by a highly fluid matrix--blood [plasma]…
hist/o
tissue... Example: Histology is the study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces; closely packed cells with minimal matri…
Chapter 4-Human Anatomy
Basic Structure of DNA
Nucleotides
Bonds Type between A and T
Bonds type between C and G
Double Helix,
Composed of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
2 hydrogen bonds
3 Hydrogen bonds
Basic Structure of DNA
Double Helix,
Nucleotides
Composed of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
62 terms
chapter 4 anatomy
metabolism
anabolism
types of bonds
catabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in the cell
is building larger molecules from smaller molecules using ene…
1 peptide bond --> bond between a carbon and nitrogen atom wh…
breaking larger into smaller releasing energy; breaks down ca…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in the cell
anabolism
is building larger molecules from smaller molecules using ene…
47 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 4
4 types tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
Fills internal surfaces, provides structural support, stores…
contracts to produce movements
4 types tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
Epithelial tissue
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways and chamb…
168 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Transpyloric plane
Superficial Abdominal muscles
Rectus Abdominis and Pyramidalis muscles
External abdominal Oblique muscles
crosses tips of 9th costal cartilages anteriorly and lower 1s…
Lateral Group: external and internal abdominal oblique muscle…
- all innervated by 6 lower intercostal nerves and L1... - Funct…
-Origin: outer surface of 5th-12th ribs ... - Insertion: iliac c…
Transpyloric plane
crosses tips of 9th costal cartilages anteriorly and lower 1s…
Superficial Abdominal muscles
Lateral Group: external and internal abdominal oblique muscle…
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
DNA
Gene
Genome
RNA
code for protein (polypeptide) synthesis ... over billion base p…
sequence of DNA nucleotides that codes for one polypeptide
-all genes of one person... -humans have 35000... -other 97% of DNA…
-smaller than DNA... -fewer bases... -interprets DNA code... -direct p…
DNA
code for protein (polypeptide) synthesis ... over billion base p…
Gene
sequence of DNA nucleotides that codes for one polypeptide
99 terms
Chapter 4 anatomy
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
Nervous tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Various types…
generates the physical force needed to make body structures m…
detects changes in a variety of conditions inside and outside…
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Connective tissue
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Various types…
34 terms
ANATOMY-chapter 4
tissue
extra cellular matrix
histology
high cellularity
group of cells with similar structure and function
"cell glue" between cells
study of tissue
many cells fitting closely together
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function
extra cellular matrix
"cell glue" between cells
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Psoriasis(not fully known cause)
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Malignant melanoma
Cause: related to immune system&interaction with environment-…
Cause: long term exposure to UV radiation from sun... Characteri…
Cause: from uncontrolled multiplication of malignant cells de…
Cause: cancers caused by damage to DNA inside cells, by facto…
Psoriasis(not fully known cause)
Cause: related to immune system&interaction with environment-…
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Cause: long term exposure to UV radiation from sun... Characteri…
Anatomy Chapter 4
Pharynx
vocal tract
hard palate
alveolar ridge
Spans from the opening of the larynx to behind the soft palate.
creates points of constriction and shapes sound.
name the area
name the area
Pharynx
Spans from the opening of the larynx to behind the soft palate.
vocal tract
creates points of constriction and shapes sound.
Anatomy chapter 4
Free surface
Basement membrane
Simple cuboidal
Stratified columnar
Part of epithelial cells which is not in contact with other c…
Attaches epithelial cells to underlying tissues
Epithelium with single layer of cube-shaped cells
Epithelium with multiple layers of tall thin cells
Free surface
Part of epithelial cells which is not in contact with other c…
Basement membrane
Attaches epithelial cells to underlying tissues
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
38 terms
anatomy chapter 4 study guide
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
hair follicle
upper
middle
lower
epidermis
upper
dermis
middle
121 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy: Tissues
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
Epithelial tissues
a collection of specialized cells with specific functions
the study of tissues
4 Tissue Types
covers surfaces exposed to the... environment
Tissue
a collection of specialized cells with specific functions
Histology
the study of tissues
136 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy Muscles
The three types of muscle tissue
All muscles share 4 traits
Excitability is...
Contractibility is...
Cardiac... Smooth... Skeletal
Excitability... Contractibility... Extensibility... Elasticity
The ability to respond to simulation
The ability to shorten and exert force
The three types of muscle tissue
Cardiac... Smooth... Skeletal
All muscles share 4 traits
Excitability... Contractibility... Extensibility... Elasticity
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Four types of tissue
Cell Junctions
Tight Junctions
Adherens Junctions
Epithelial ... Connective... Muscular ... Nervous
Cells can be held together in a number of ways. These points…
Preventing materials from leaking between cells. Hold cells o…
Important in areas of wear and tear, knit cells together. Mad…
Four types of tissue
Epithelial ... Connective... Muscular ... Nervous
Cell Junctions
Cells can be held together in a number of ways. These points…
Anatomy Chapter 4
cutaneous tissue
mucous membrane
serous membrane
synovial membrane
Type of epithelial membrane that covers the body surface
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to…
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities closed t…
Fiborous capsules that line surrounding joints... •Provide smoot…
cutaneous tissue
Type of epithelial membrane that covers the body surface
mucous membrane
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to…
38 terms
Chapter 4 vocab (anatomy)
integumentary system
hypodermis
epidermis
keratin
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail
Aso called a subcutaneous layer, this is a layer of *fat loca…
Outer layer of skin
A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair, skin…
integumentary system
Consists of the skin, mucous membranes, hair, and nail
hypodermis
Aso called a subcutaneous layer, this is a layer of *fat loca…
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter4
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
composed of anabolism and catabolism
reactions that build larger, more complex substances from sim…
reactions that BREAK DOWN complex substances into simpler sub…
organic compounds composed of carbon hydrogen and oxygen
Metabolism
composed of anabolism and catabolism
Anabolism
reactions that build larger, more complex substances from sim…
28 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 4
_________ tissue covers surfaces, line…
______ tissue contains cells, protein…
_____ tissue receives stimulation from…
_____ tissue is composed of neurons an…
epithelial
connective
muscular
nervous
_________ tissue covers surfaces, line…
epithelial
______ tissue contains cells, protein…
connective
10 terms
Chapter 4 Skull Anatomy
Frontal
Nasal
Sphenoid
Zygomatic
Label A
Label B
Label C
Label E
Frontal
Label A
Nasal
Label B
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
covering and lining membranes
your skin
membrane type that lines body cavities that are open to the e…
membrane type that surrounds the organs.
epithelial membranes
covering and lining membranes
cutaneous membrane
your skin
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelia
Glands
General Functions of Epithelial
made up of epithelia and glands
layers of cells that cover internal or external surfaces
composed if secreting cells derived from epithelia
Provide physical protection, control permeability, provide se…
Epithelial Tissue
made up of epithelia and glands
Epithelia
layers of cells that cover internal or external surfaces
50 terms
anatomy chapter 4
excocrine gland
What do exocrine glands carry their se…
Endocrine Glands
What do endocrine glands carry their s…
produce secretions that are carried out of the body
ducts and tubes
Produce secretions that are absorbed into the bloodstream
none; it goes directly into the surrounding tissue fluid
excocrine gland
produce secretions that are carried out of the body
What do exocrine glands carry their se…
ducts and tubes
23 terms
anatomy chapter 4
cellular respiration
cancer
semipermeable
antibiotic
series of cellular reactions which use glucose and oxygen to…
uncontrolled reproduction and spread of abnormal cells
some substances can pass through easily and some cannot
drug that kills bacteria without harming our cells
cellular respiration
series of cellular reactions which use glucose and oxygen to…
cancer
uncontrolled reproduction and spread of abnormal cells
25 terms
Chapter 4 anatomy
Malignant melanoma
Dermatitis
Dandruff
Herpes simplex
Cancer of melanocytes
Skin inflammation
Dry, dead flakes of stratum corneum
Virus that produces cold sores
Malignant melanoma
Cancer of melanocytes
Dermatitis
Skin inflammation
25 terms
anatomy & physiology-chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissues
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
forms most glands and cover body (internal and external)
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
epidermis
dermis
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
superficial layer; the thick stratified squamous epithelium;…
deep layer of loose connective tissue underlying the epidermi…
(spiny layer) comprised of keratinocytes, which contain thick…
(granular layer) 3-5 layers of flattened keratinocytes; cytop…
epidermis
superficial layer; the thick stratified squamous epithelium;…
dermis
deep layer of loose connective tissue underlying the epidermi…
32 terms
Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
Histology
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscle tissue
The study of tissues
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
supports, protects, and binds other tissues together
composed of cells or fibers, contracts to cause movement
Histology
The study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces, forms boundaries between environments,…
36 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 4 - The Integumentary System -Human Anatomy
Note: This vocabulary is what you need…
cutaneous membrane
what is in the skin (cutaneous membran…
thick skin
...
skin
superficial epidermis and deeper dermis, with what are called…
have five layers with the stratum corneum being thicker than…
Note: This vocabulary is what you need…
...
cutaneous membrane
skin
82 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
tissues
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
epithelial
cellularity... specialized contacts... polar…
group of cells of similar structure that perform a common fun…
what are the 4 types of tissues
covers a bodies surface or lines a cavity... forms parts of most…
characteristics of epithelial tissue
tissues
group of cells of similar structure that perform a common fun…
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
what are the 4 types of tissues
36 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy (Tissue)
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Covers and lines
Provides support
Enables movement
Controls work
Epithelial Tissue
Covers and lines
Connective Tissue
Provides support
Chapter 4 Anatomy Review
what are the 4 basic tissue types?
epithelium
epithelium characteristics
Functions of epithelium
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous(neural).
an avascular layer of cells that forms a barrier that covers…
cells closely packed... lack blood vessels ... continually replaced
physical protection ... permeability control... sensation trigger…
what are the 4 basic tissue types?
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous(neural).
epithelium
an avascular layer of cells that forms a barrier that covers…
anatomy chapter 4
4 types of tissues
3 embryonic germ layers
epithelial is in what embryonic germs?
nervous tissue is in?
epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue
Ectoderm (outer), mesoderm (middle), and endoderm (inner)
all 3
ectoderm
4 types of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissue
3 embryonic germ layers
Ectoderm (outer), mesoderm (middle), and endoderm (inner)
66 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy
The four basic (primary) tissue types…
Through the process of differentiation,
Collections of specialized cells and c…
Epithelial tissue is composed of layer…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural.
each cell specialized to perform a relatively restricted rang…
tissues.
cover internal or external surfaces
The four basic (primary) tissue types…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural.
Through the process of differentiation,
each cell specialized to perform a relatively restricted rang…
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