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106 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Chromosome
Haploid
Diploid
A long, threadlike molecule with uniform diameter but varied…
A single piece of coiled DNA wrapped around special packaging…
A cell having one chromosome set or an organism composed of s…
A cell having two chromosome sets or an individual organism h…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
A long, threadlike molecule with uniform diameter but varied…
Chromosome
A single piece of coiled DNA wrapped around special packaging…
48 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Epithelial Tissue is catagorized by wh…
Simple Squamous
Stratifies Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
shape and # of layers
(EPETHELIAL) one layer of flattened cells. In blood capilarie…
(EPETHELIAL)many layers of flat cells. Skin and body orfices
(EPETHELIAL)One layer of cube shaped cells. Secreting glands,…
Epithelial Tissue is catagorized by wh…
shape and # of layers
Simple Squamous
(EPETHELIAL) one layer of flattened cells. In blood capilarie…
125 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 & 5
lamellated corpuscle
Cartilage
Smooth muscle tissue
chondroitin sulfate
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
Muscle tissue in the walls of many visceral organs; character…
The predominant proteoglycan in cartilage, responsible for th…
lamellated corpuscle
A receptor sensitive to vibration.
Cartilage
A connective tissue with a gelatinous matrix that contains an…
507 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... m…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the four types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
synovial membrane
cutaneous membrane
nervous system
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
The only dry membrane is the?
Skin acts in body heat loss or heat retention. This is contro…
Mucous, cutaneous, and serous membranes
The categories of epithelial tissue membranes are?
synovial membrane
An example of a connective tissue membrane is?
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
gate keepers, "free - edge"
ties together, binds, protects
contractile, movement, posture, temperarture
made up of 20% neurons/80% neuroglia
epithelial
gate keepers, "free - edge"
connective
ties together, binds, protects
36 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy
tissue
histology
4 types of tissues
epithelial tissue location
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
epithelial, cardiac, skeletal, muscle
cover internal and external surfaces of body (skin, lining of…
tissue
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
histology
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
113 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 4
What is Histology?
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Muscle Tissue
the study of the microscopic structure of tissues.
covers surfaces; lines insides of organs or body cavities
protects, binds together, and supports organs
facilitates movement of skeleton or organ walls
What is Histology?
the study of the microscopic structure of tissues.
Epithelial Tissue
covers surfaces; lines insides of organs or body cavities
70 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Epithelial
Connective
Muscular
Nervous
This type of tissue performs the cover function.
This type of tissue performs the connect function.
This type of tissue performs the contract function.
This type of tissue performs the communicate function.
Epithelial
This type of tissue performs the cover function.
Connective
This type of tissue performs the connect function.
27 terms
Word Anatomy Chapter 4
hist/o
Epithelial tissue
Connective Tissue
Circulating connective tissue (blood a…
tissue... Example: Histology is the study of tissues
covers body surfaces; closely packed cells with minimal matri…
the supporting fabric of all parts of the body, contains wide…
cells are separated by a highly fluid matrix--blood [plasma]…
hist/o
tissue... Example: Histology is the study of tissues
Epithelial tissue
covers body surfaces; closely packed cells with minimal matri…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
covering and lining membranes
your skin
membrane type that lines body cavities that are open to the e…
membrane type that surrounds the organs.
epithelial membranes
covering and lining membranes
cutaneous membrane
your skin
38 terms
anatomy chapter 4 study guide
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
hair follicle
upper
middle
lower
epidermis
upper
dermis
middle
221 terms
anatomy - chapter 4
what are the four types of tissues in…
what are the functions of epithelial t…
what are the functions of connective t…
what are the functions of muscular tis…
epithelial, connective, muscular, & nervous.
- covers body surfaces... - lines hollow organs... - forms glands... -…
- protects and support body & organs.... - stores energy reserve…
- cells specialized for contraction.... - generates heat.
what are the four types of tissues in…
epithelial, connective, muscular, & nervous.
what are the functions of epithelial t…
- covers body surfaces... - lines hollow organs... - forms glands... -…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I: Chapter 4
Histology
Tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Basement Membrane or Basal Lamina
The study of tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
Includes epithelia that cover every exposed surface of the bo…
A structure found at the base of epithelial tissue that conne…
Histology
The study of tissues
Tissues
Cells that are group together for a common purpose
36 terms
Vocabulary for Chapter 4 - The Integumentary System -Human Anatomy
Note: This vocabulary is what you need…
cutaneous membrane
what is in the skin (cutaneous membran…
thick skin
...
skin
superficial epidermis and deeper dermis, with what are called…
have five layers with the stratum corneum being thicker than…
Note: This vocabulary is what you need…
...
cutaneous membrane
skin
96 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4
Four types of tissues
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Muscular tissue
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
Protects and supports the body and its organs. Some bind orga…
Composed of cells specialized for contraction and generation…
Four types of tissues
1. Epithelial 2. connective 3. muscular 4. nervous
Epithelial tissue
Covers body surfaces and lines hollow organs, body cavities,…
79 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Cyanosis
Pallor
Jaundice
Bruising
blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
pale color to the skin; indicates low blood pressure or low o…
yellow color to the skin; indicates problems in the liver
red, black, yellow, red colors in the skin due to broken bloo…
Cyanosis
blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
Pallor
pale color to the skin; indicates low blood pressure or low o…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
Mucous membrane
Stratum Basale
Sudoriferous Glands
Stratum Corneum
Line body cavities that have openings to the exterior of the…
Deepest Layer of Epidermis, location of melanocytes, where sk…
Eccrine and apocrine are the two types
Outermost layer of the epidermis
Mucous membrane
Line body cavities that have openings to the exterior of the…
Stratum Basale
Deepest Layer of Epidermis, location of melanocytes, where sk…
121 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy: Tissues
Tissue
Histology
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Neural
Epithelial tissues
a collection of specialized cells with specific functions
the study of tissues
4 Tissue Types
covers surfaces exposed to the... environment
Tissue
a collection of specialized cells with specific functions
Histology
the study of tissues
91 terms
Chapter 4-Human Anatomy
Basic Structure of DNA
Nucleotides
Bonds Type between A and T
Bonds type between C and G
Double Helix,
Composed of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
2 hydrogen bonds
3 Hydrogen bonds
Basic Structure of DNA
Double Helix,
Nucleotides
Composed of a sugar, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base
94 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy
Adipose tissue
Dense regular
Fibrocartilage
Osseous
Supports and protects; insulates against heat loss; reserve s…
Forms tendons and ligaments
Provides tensile strength with the ability to absorb compress…
Supports, protects, and stores calcium
Adipose tissue
Supports and protects; insulates against heat loss; reserve s…
Dense regular
Forms tendons and ligaments
31 terms
anatomy- Chapter 4
function stratified
function simple squamous
function simple cuboidal & columnar
special features epi
protection
diffusion & filtration
secretion & absorption
cellularity, specialized contacts, polarity, support by conne…
function stratified
protection
function simple squamous
diffusion & filtration
10 terms
Chapter 4 Skull Anatomy
Frontal
Nasal
Sphenoid
Zygomatic
Label A
Label B
Label C
Label E
Frontal
Label A
Nasal
Label B
62 terms
chapter 4 anatomy
metabolism
anabolism
types of bonds
catabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in the cell
is building larger molecules from smaller molecules using ene…
1 peptide bond --> bond between a carbon and nitrogen atom wh…
breaking larger into smaller releasing energy; breaks down ca…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place in the cell
anabolism
is building larger molecules from smaller molecules using ene…
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Membrane
Purpose of membrane
Cutaneous membrane
Mucous membrane
Thin flexible border which allows some substances to pass
•line, cover, protect and lubricate body surfaces
•skin... •dry membrane and outer protective boundary
•lines all body cavities that open to the exterior body surfa…
Membrane
Thin flexible border which allows some substances to pass
Purpose of membrane
•line, cover, protect and lubricate body surfaces
168 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Transpyloric plane
Superficial Abdominal muscles
Rectus Abdominis and Pyramidalis muscles
External abdominal Oblique muscles
crosses tips of 9th costal cartilages anteriorly and lower 1s…
Lateral Group: external and internal abdominal oblique muscle…
- all innervated by 6 lower intercostal nerves and L1... - Funct…
-Origin: outer surface of 5th-12th ribs ... - Insertion: iliac c…
Transpyloric plane
crosses tips of 9th costal cartilages anteriorly and lower 1s…
Superficial Abdominal muscles
Lateral Group: external and internal abdominal oblique muscle…
105 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy
tissue
histology
4 types of tissue
internal and external
a group of cells with similar structure and function
the microscopic study of tissue ... knowledge of tissue structur…
connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous
covers _______ surfaces throughout the body
tissue
a group of cells with similar structure and function
histology
the microscopic study of tissue ... knowledge of tissue structur…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4: Tissues
areolar connective tissue
adipose connective tissue
reticular connective tissue
dense irregular connective tissue
areolar connective tissue
adipose connective tissue
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
DNA
Gene
Genome
RNA
code for protein (polypeptide) synthesis ... over billion base p…
sequence of DNA nucleotides that codes for one polypeptide
-all genes of one person... -humans have 35000... -other 97% of DNA…
-smaller than DNA... -fewer bases... -interprets DNA code... -direct p…
DNA
code for protein (polypeptide) synthesis ... over billion base p…
Gene
sequence of DNA nucleotides that codes for one polypeptide
143 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Pharynx
vocal tract
hard palate
alveolar ridge
Spans from the opening of the larynx to behind the soft palate.
creates points of constriction and shapes sound.
name the area
name the area
Pharynx
Spans from the opening of the larynx to behind the soft palate.
vocal tract
creates points of constriction and shapes sound.
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 (The vertebrae)
Cervical Region
Thoracic Region
Lumbar Region
Sacrum
7 total
12 total
5 total
5 fused total
Cervical Region
7 total
Thoracic Region
12 total
90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Canaliculi
Chondrocyte
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
tiny canals that connect central Haversian canals with caviti…
a cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become e…
the shaft of a long bone
the bulbous of a long bone
Canaliculi
tiny canals that connect central Haversian canals with caviti…
Chondrocyte
a cell that has secreted the matrix of cartilage and become e…
119 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 4
Aer-
Aerobic
An-
Anaerobic Respiration
Air
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
Without
Respiratory process that doesn't require oxygen
Aer-
Air
Aerobic
Respiratory process that requires oxygen
59 terms
Essentials of Human anatomy and physiology Chapter 4
Epithelial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages…
produces a watery fluid and lines closed body cavities; parie…
Epithelial Membrane
Includes the cutaneous membrane, mucous membrane, and the ser…
Cutaneous Membrane
skin; consists of statified epithelium and a layer of areolar…
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
cutaneous tissue
mucous membrane
serous membrane
synovial membrane
Type of epithelial membrane that covers the body surface
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to…
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities closed t…
Fiborous capsules that line surrounding joints... •Provide smoot…
cutaneous tissue
Type of epithelial membrane that covers the body surface
mucous membrane
type of epithelial membrane that lines body cavities open to…
42 terms
Anatomy: Histology (Chapter 4)
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
compact bone
simple ciliated columnar epithelium
hyaline cartilage
stratified squamous epithelium
36 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy
tissue
histology
4 types of tissues
epithelial tissue location
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
epithelial, cardiac, skeletal, muscle
cover internal and external surfaces of body (skin, lining of…
tissue
group of cells with similar cells and functions plus extracel…
histology
study of how tissues of body and how tissues are arranged to…
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Four types of tissue
Cell Junctions
Tight Junctions
Adherens Junctions
Epithelial ... Connective... Muscular ... Nervous
Cells can be held together in a number of ways. These points…
Preventing materials from leaking between cells. Hold cells o…
Important in areas of wear and tear, knit cells together. Mad…
Four types of tissue
Epithelial ... Connective... Muscular ... Nervous
Cell Junctions
Cells can be held together in a number of ways. These points…
28 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 4
_________ tissue covers surfaces, line…
______ tissue contains cells, protein…
_____ tissue receives stimulation from…
_____ tissue is composed of neurons an…
epithelial
connective
muscular
nervous
_________ tissue covers surfaces, line…
epithelial
______ tissue contains cells, protein…
connective
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4 Review
epithelial membranes
cutaneous membrane
mucous membrane
serous membrane
covering and lining membranes
your skin
membrane type that lines body cavities that are open to the e…
membrane type that surrounds the organs.
epithelial membranes
covering and lining membranes
cutaneous membrane
your skin
50 terms
anatomy chapter 4
excocrine gland
What do exocrine glands carry their se…
Endocrine Glands
What do endocrine glands carry their s…
produce secretions that are carried out of the body
ducts and tubes
Produce secretions that are absorbed into the bloodstream
none; it goes directly into the surrounding tissue fluid
excocrine gland
produce secretions that are carried out of the body
What do exocrine glands carry their se…
ducts and tubes
23 terms
anatomy chapter 4
cellular respiration
cancer
semipermeable
antibiotic
series of cellular reactions which use glucose and oxygen to…
uncontrolled reproduction and spread of abnormal cells
some substances can pass through easily and some cannot
drug that kills bacteria without harming our cells
cellular respiration
series of cellular reactions which use glucose and oxygen to…
cancer
uncontrolled reproduction and spread of abnormal cells
132 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
1.Epithelial Tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with study of tissues
physician who examines cells and tissues to help other physic…
consists of cells arranged in continuous sheets in either sin…
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with study of tissues
25 terms
anatomy & physiology-chapter 4
tissue
histology
types of tissues
epithelial tissues
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous
forms most glands and cover body (internal and external)
tissue
group of cells with similar structure and function plus extra…
histology
study of tissues
24 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy Review
what are the 4 basic tissue types?
epithelium
epithelium characteristics
Functions of epithelium
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous(neural).
an avascular layer of cells that forms a barrier that covers…
cells closely packed... lack blood vessels ... continually replaced
physical protection ... permeability control... sensation trigger…
what are the 4 basic tissue types?
epithelial, connective, muscular, nervous(neural).
epithelium
an avascular layer of cells that forms a barrier that covers…
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
epidermis
dermis
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
superficial layer; the thick stratified squamous epithelium;…
deep layer of loose connective tissue underlying the epidermi…
(spiny layer) comprised of keratinocytes, which contain thick…
(granular layer) 3-5 layers of flattened keratinocytes; cytop…
epidermis
superficial layer; the thick stratified squamous epithelium;…
dermis
deep layer of loose connective tissue underlying the epidermi…
136 terms
Chapter 4 Anatomy Muscles
The three types of muscle tissue
All muscles share 4 traits
Excitability is...
Contractibility is...
Cardiac... Smooth... Skeletal
Excitability... Contractibility... Extensibility... Elasticity
The ability to respond to simulation
The ability to shorten and exert force
The three types of muscle tissue
Cardiac... Smooth... Skeletal
All muscles share 4 traits
Excitability... Contractibility... Extensibility... Elasticity
444 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
tissue
histology
pathologist
epithelial tissues... connective tissue... n…
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
science that deals with the study of tissues
a physician who specializes in the laboratory studies of cell…
what are the three types of body tissues?
tissue
group of cells that usually have a common origin in an embryo…
histology
science that deals with the study of tissues
74 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
Four tissue types
2 Tissue membranes
what does the connective tissue membra…
epithelial membranes examples
1. Connective... 2. Muscular... 3. Epithelial ... 4. Nervous
1. connective tissue... 2. epithelial membrane
includes synovial membranes
includes mucous, serous, and cutaneous membranes (basically t…
Four tissue types
1. Connective... 2. Muscular... 3. Epithelial ... 4. Nervous
2 Tissue membranes
1. connective tissue... 2. epithelial membrane
82 terms
Anatomy Chapter 4
tissues
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
epithelial
cellularity... specialized contacts... polar…
group of cells of similar structure that perform a common fun…
what are the 4 types of tissues
covers a bodies surface or lines a cavity... forms parts of most…
characteristics of epithelial tissue
tissues
group of cells of similar structure that perform a common fun…
epithelial... connective... muscle... nervous
what are the 4 types of tissues
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