Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5 anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5 anatomy physiology"

366 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
dermatology
Epidermal Ridges
List the five parts of the integumentary system
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
medical specialty that deals with the ... diagnosis and treatmen…
A
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
List the five parts of the integumentary system
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
84 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 5
Loose connective tissues
Areolar Description
Areolar Function
Adipose Description
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
Binds skin to underlying organs and fills spaces between mucus
Cells which store fat
Loose connective tissues
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
Areolar Description
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
61 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cells organized into groups and layers
Functions in secretion and absorption
Tissue with thin and flattened cells
Tissue with cube-shaped cells
Tissue
Cells organized into groups and layers
Epithelial tissue
Functions in secretion and absorption
184 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 5
What are the five functions of bones?
compact bone
spongy bone
long bones
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
bone composed of small, needle-like pieces of bone and lots o…
bones which are typically longer than they are wide, with a s…
What are the five functions of bones?
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
compact bone
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
21 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
simple columnar epithelium... 1. microvil…
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epi…
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 5
What are the two major components of t…
What are the two components of the cut…
Hypodermis
What are the general functions of the…
Cutaneous membrane... Accessory structures
Epidermis ... Dermis
Loose connective tissue deep to the dermis that separates the…
Protection of underlying tissues and organs... Excretion of sal…
What are the two major components of t…
Cutaneous membrane... Accessory structures
What are the two components of the cut…
Epidermis ... Dermis
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Axial Skeleton
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Nasal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
External occipital protuberance (bump); Foramen Magnum (whole…
"Bridge" of nose (where glasses rest)
Temporal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
Parietal Bone
62 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 5
Cell Junctions
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Gap Junction
Tissue
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Connexons connect neighboring cells to rapidly move energy or…
Group of similar cells that predom specific functions
Cell Junctions
Contact points between the plasma membranes of tissue cells
Types of Cell junctions(5)
Tight Junctions, Adherens Junctions, Desmosomes, Herhidemosom…
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology
integumentary system
integument
epidermis
dermis
covers the external body
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
made of stratified squamous epithelium and is the thinnest, o…
made up of dense irregular and loose connective tissue ... and i…
integumentary system
covers the external body
integument
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology
integumentary system
integument
epidermis
dermis
covers the external body, its surface area is 1.8m^2 and its…
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
made of stratified squamous epithelium and is the thinnest, o…
made up of dense irregular and loose connective tissue ... and i…
integumentary system
covers the external body, its surface area is 1.8m^2 and its…
integument
means body covering, contains many accessory structures
94 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Integumentary system
Cutaneous mebrane
Accessory structures
Epidermis
The largest organ and it has 2 major parts.
It is one of the two major parts of the integument system. It…
It is one of the two major parts of the integument system. In…
Part of the cutaneous membrane. Superficial epithelium.
Integumentary system
The largest organ and it has 2 major parts.
Cutaneous mebrane
It is one of the two major parts of the integument system. It…
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
107 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
integument
components of integumentary system
functions of integumentary system
protection
covering/coat
1) skin... 2) hair... 3) glands... 4) nails
1) protection... 2) sensation... 3) temperature regulation... 4) excre…
water loss, microbes, and UV light
integument
covering/coat
components of integumentary system
1) skin... 2) hair... 3) glands... 4) nails
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Areolar Connective Tissue
Adipose Tissue
Reticular Connective Tissue
Dense Connective Tissue
Surrounds capillaries
Located around kidneys and eyeballs
Located in lymphoid organs
Located on tendons, most ligaments, and aponeuroses
Areolar Connective Tissue
Surrounds capillaries
Adipose Tissue
Located around kidneys and eyeballs
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
integumentary system
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
skin and its derivatives provides the external protective cov…
superficial layer of the skin composed of keratinized stratif…
layer of skin deep to the epidermis composed mostly of dense…
subcutaneous tissue just deep to the skin consists of adipose…
integumentary system
skin and its derivatives provides the external protective cov…
epidermis
superficial layer of the skin composed of keratinized stratif…
87 terms
NWACC Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 5
Integumentary system
cutaneous membrane
epidermis
superficial epithelium
Consists of the skin (main - cutaneous membrane), hair, and n…
skin
Outer layer of skin (superficial epithelium)
epidermis
Integumentary system
Consists of the skin (main - cutaneous membrane), hair, and n…
cutaneous membrane
skin
97 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
Integumentary system
Dermatology
Skin/Cutaneous membrane
Components of the integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
Covers the external surface of the body and is the largest or…
Epidermis and dermis
Integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, nails, and sen…
Dermatology
Medical specialty that deals with the structure, function, an…
31 terms
Chapter 5: Anatomy & Physiology
Hypodermis
Epidermis
Dermis
Stratum Corneum
What skin layer contains areolar and adipose tissue?
What skin layer contains stratified squamous tissue?
What skin layer contains dense, irregular connective tissue?
Which epidermal layer is the outer most layer of the skin?
Hypodermis
What skin layer contains areolar and adipose tissue?
Epidermis
What skin layer contains stratified squamous tissue?
112 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
37 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 5
Keratinocytes
Melanocytes
Dendritic cells
Tactile cells
Produce keratin; Connected by desmosomes
Produce melanin; Accumulates in melanosomes
Ingest foreign substances; Activate the immune system
Combine with sensory nerve ending to create a "tactile disc";…
Keratinocytes
Produce keratin; Connected by desmosomes
Melanocytes
Produce melanin; Accumulates in melanosomes
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
The Integumentary System
Skin
Two principal parts of the skin
Skin rests on the ___
Is composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, and nails
Largest organ of the body, is a protective barrier that has s…
Upper, thin epidermis and the deeper, thicker dermis.
Hypodermics that stores far and has large blood vessels
The Integumentary System
Is composed of the skin, hair, oil, sweat glands, and nails
Skin
Largest organ of the body, is a protective barrier that has s…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
connective tissue
smooth muscle
muscle tissue
cartilage
joins, supports, and protects other types of tissue.
found in the walls of many internal organs.
can be smooth, skeletal, or cardiac.
in adults, it is found mainly in parts of the body where flex…
connective tissue
joins, supports, and protects other types of tissue.
smooth muscle
found in the walls of many internal organs.
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
2 Regions of Skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Cells types of the Epidermis
Dermis and Epidermis
superficial, avascular, consisting of 4-5 layers of epithelia…
deep, vascular, consisting of fibrous connective tissue. Cont…
1.Kernatinocytes... 2. melanocytes... 3. Merkel cells... 4. Langerhan'…
2 Regions of Skin
Dermis and Epidermis
Epidermis
superficial, avascular, consisting of 4-5 layers of epithelia…
22 terms
Anatomy/Physiology: Chapter 5
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Covers/lines- examples include the skin, linings of organs, a…
Connects- examples include bone, cartilage, fat, blood
Controls- examples include the brain and nerves
Moves- example includes muscle
Epithelial Tissue
Covers/lines- examples include the skin, linings of organs, a…
Connective Tissue
Connects- examples include bone, cartilage, fat, blood
59 terms
Anatomy & Physiology | Chapter 5
Main tissue types
Epithelial tissues features
Polarity in Epithelial tissues
Epithelial may have _ or _ to increase…
-Epithelial (no extra cellular matrix) & glands (endocrine, e…
sheet of cells that lines a body cavity, covers a body surfac…
(not uniform) has apical surface exposed to external environm…
microvilli, cilia
Main tissue types
-Epithelial (no extra cellular matrix) & glands (endocrine, e…
Epithelial tissues features
sheet of cells that lines a body cavity, covers a body surfac…
79 terms
CHAPTER 5 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
Simple Squamous Epithelial
Simple cuboidal epithelial
Simple Columnar Epithelial
Pseudostratified columnar epithelial
Simple Squamous Epithelial
Simple cuboidal epithelial
56 terms
Anatomy & Physiology chapter 5
Integumentary system
Cutaneous membrane
Epidermis dermis hypodermis
Epidermis
Include the skin and its accessory structures including hair…
Can also be thought of as the integumentary system that cover…
3 major layers of skin
The outer thinner layer of skin consist of epithelial tissue…
Integumentary system
Include the skin and its accessory structures including hair…
Cutaneous membrane
Can also be thought of as the integumentary system that cover…
35 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous Tissue
Subcutaneous Tissue
Superficial layer of skin that consist of epithelial tissue
A layer of connective tissue that rest under the epidermis
Hyperdermis; loose connective tissue
Connects the skin to the underlying muscle or bone
Epidermis
Superficial layer of skin that consist of epithelial tissue
Dermis
A layer of connective tissue that rest under the epidermis
Anatomy and Physiology- Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Epithelial tissue
Connective tissue
Cells of similar type in function clustered into layers, shee…
Four types of tissue.
Type of tissue that covers and lines.
Type of tissue that provides support.
Tissue
Cells of similar type in function clustered into layers, shee…
Epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Four types of tissue.
47 terms
Anatomy & Physiology (Chapter 5)
Tissues
Histology
Tight junction
Desmosome
group of organized cells
study of tissues
membarnes of adjacent cells converge and fuse to prevent extr…
"spot welds" form reinforced structual units... EX: outer layer…
Tissues
group of organized cells
Histology
study of tissues
25 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 5
what is the skin
dermatology
the two main parts of the skin
the epidermis
several tissue types that join together to join a specific fu…
deals with the skin and its disorders
the epidermis and the dermis
outer, thinner portion made of epithelial cells that are usua…
what is the skin
several tissue types that join together to join a specific fu…
dermatology
deals with the skin and its disorders
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
Simple Squamos Epithelium
Simple cuboidal Elithelium
Simple columnar epithelium
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
Is found in airsacs of lungs, walls of capillaries, lining of…
Found in ovaries, kidneys, lining of ducts in certain glands.…
Uterus, stomach, intestines (epithelium)
Lines respiratory passages. (epithelium)
Simple Squamos Epithelium
Is found in airsacs of lungs, walls of capillaries, lining of…
Simple cuboidal Elithelium
Found in ovaries, kidneys, lining of ducts in certain glands.…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
matrix
four primary cell tissues
primary germ layers
ectoderm
extracellular material that surrounds the cell
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscular
the first tissues appear when these cells start to organize t…
an outer layer that gives rise to the epidermis and nervous s…
matrix
extracellular material that surrounds the cell
four primary cell tissues
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscular
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 5
Study of tissues
Similar cells with a specialized funct…
Non-cellular, non-living material that…
Cover and lines organs
Histology
Tissue
Matrix
Epithelial tissue
Study of tissues
Histology
Similar cells with a specialized funct…
Tissue
78 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Four categories of tissues
Organ
Histology
Tissue
Epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
the study of tissues and how they are arranged into organs.
a group of similar cells and cell products that arise from th…
Four categories of tissues
Epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular
Organ
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
dermis
cover and protect
epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis
keratinocytes
skin
Functions of the skin
List the layers of the skin:
main cell of the epidermis; produce keratin as they migrate f…
dermis
skin
cover and protect
Functions of the skin
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Apocrine Gland
Cutaneous
Dermis
Dermal Papillae
a sweat gland opening into a hair follicle
pertaining to the skin
the inner layer of the skin
cone-like projections of the dermis that fit into the recesse…
Apocrine Gland
a sweat gland opening into a hair follicle
Cutaneous
pertaining to the skin
109 terms
Newkirk Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
41 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5
Typical cell
Who discovered "Cells" in the late 160…
Cell structure
Plasma membrane
-also called a composite cell... -varies in size; all are micros…
Robert Hooke
-plasma membrane... -cytoplasm... -nucleus
-separates the cell from its surrounding environment... -a lipid…
Typical cell
-also called a composite cell... -varies in size; all are micros…
Who discovered "Cells" in the late 160…
Robert Hooke
26 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Functions of integumentary system
Structures of integumentary system
Three layers of skin
Epidermis
Protection, sensation, temperature regulation, vitamin D prod…
Skin, hair, nails, and glands
Epidermis: superficial layer of epithelial tissue... Dermis: dee…
-Avascular (no blood vessels)... -Nourished by diffusion from ca…
Functions of integumentary system
Protection, sensation, temperature regulation, vitamin D prod…
Structures of integumentary system
Skin, hair, nails, and glands
37 terms
Chapter 5 - Anatomy & Physiology
integumentary system is composed of
3 layer of the skin
3 functions of the skin
from what does the skin protect us?
skin, glands, hair, nails, receptors
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
protection, temperature regulation & sense organ
microorganisms, chemicals, cuts & teras, water, UV
integumentary system is composed of
skin, glands, hair, nails, receptors
3 layer of the skin
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
59 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
coughing
throat clearing
abdominal fixation
dilate
-forceful evacuation of the respiratory passageway, including…
-clears respiratory tract of mucus... -tightening muscles around…
-the process of capturing air within the thorax to provide th…
open the respiratory tract as widely as possible
coughing
-forceful evacuation of the respiratory passageway, including…
throat clearing
-clears respiratory tract of mucus... -tightening muscles around…
11 terms
chapter 5 of anatomy and physiology
Histology
Tissue
Four primary tissues
Epithelial
the study of tissues and how they are arranged into organs
a group of similar cells and cell products that arise from th…
Epithelial, connective, nervous, musclar
lines internal and external surfaces, including hollow organs…
Histology
the study of tissues and how they are arranged into organs
Tissue
a group of similar cells and cell products that arise from th…
50 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and physiology
integumentary system
skin
skin's function
skin's structure
the skin and its derivatives (nails, hair, sweat glands, and…
called the integument which means covering
covers the tissues and protects the tissues from the environm…
made up of two regions: the epidermis, and the dermis, the hy…
integumentary system
the skin and its derivatives (nails, hair, sweat glands, and…
skin
called the integument which means covering
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Epithelial Tissue
merocrine gland
apocrine gland
holocrine gland
Characteristics: always has a free surface, exposed to outsid…
no loss of cytoplasm in secretions
small portions of cells in secretions
entire cells secreted
Epithelial Tissue
Characteristics: always has a free surface, exposed to outsid…
merocrine gland
no loss of cytoplasm in secretions
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Centriole
Centrosome
Chromatin
Chromosome
Spindle
Acts as a microtubule organizing center of the cell; centriol…
DNA molecules appear as tiny bunches of tangled threads sprin…
Short, rodlike structures
Centriole
Spindle
Centrosome
Acts as a microtubule organizing center of the cell; centriol…
28 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Integumentary system
Dermatology
Epidermis
Dermis
Composed of the skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails, and…
The medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treat…
The superficial, thinner portion of the skin, which is compos…
The deeper, thicker connective tissue portion of the skin
Integumentary system
Composed of the skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails, and…
Dermatology
The medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treat…
87 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 5: Tissues
tissues
blood
tightly packed together
histology
Similar cells with a common function are called _____
Some tissues have cells separated by fluid-filled spaces _____
Most tissues are ____
The study of tissues is called _____
tissues
Similar cells with a common function are called _____
blood
Some tissues have cells separated by fluid-filled spaces _____
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