Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5 kjanatomy"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5 kjanatomy"

Anatomy Chapter 5
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
29 terms
Ch 5 vocab
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
Skeletal System
Functions of Bones
spine, bony thorax, skull
limbs, girdles
Joints, cartilages and ligaments
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
axial skeleton
spine, bony thorax, skull
appendicular skeleton
limbs, girdles
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Endocrine
Epithelium
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
The cells of cartilage.
Glands that discharge their secretions (hormones) directly in…
The tissue type that mainly functions to cover or line body s…
Adipose
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
Chondrocyte
The cells of cartilage.
Anatomy Chapter 5
Four Major Classes of Tissues
Organ
Tissue
Preparation of histological specimens
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
a group of similar cells and cell products that work together…
Fixation: prevents decay of tissue... Sectioning: tissue is slic…
Four Major Classes of Tissues
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
Organ
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
366 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
dermatology
Epidermal Ridges
List the five parts of the integumentary system
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
medical specialty that deals with the ... diagnosis and treatmen…
A
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
List the five parts of the integumentary system
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
Anatomy chapter 5
Skeletal System
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
Skeletal Cartilage
Function of Bones- VASCULAR
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
-Contains no blood vessels or nerves... (heals slowly)... -Surroun…
-Support - skeleton that supports the... body and covers soft or…
Skeletal System
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
Anatomy Chapter 5: Tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
above
epithelial
epithelial
what are 4 major tissues?
what does epi mean?
tiss. that covers organ and body
lines body cavities
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
what are 4 major tissues?
above
what does epi mean?
27 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5 -Integumentary System
avascular
sebaceous gland
sebum
Langerhans cells
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
Oil glands of the skin
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
cells that are part of the immune system found in the epiderm…
avascular
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
sebaceous gland
Oil glands of the skin
Anatomy - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
integument
epidermis
stratum basale
melanocytes
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
bottom layer of epidermis... constantly dividing and new cells…
produce melanin (skin color)... protection from UV radiation
integument
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
epidermis
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Collagen
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Histogenesis
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
covers the body and its parts; lines various parts of the bod…
formation of tissue from primary germ layers of embryo.
Collagen
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
Connective Tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
basisphenoid
external auditory meatus
foramen magnum
frontal
basisphenoid
external auditory meatus
108 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5
Acne vulgaris
Alopecia
Arrector pili muscle
Athlete's foot
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Loss of hair
A smooth muscle on the side of each hair follicle
Fungal infection of the foot
Acne vulgaris
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Alopecia
Loss of hair
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Amphiarthrosis
Abduction
Adduction
Appendicular skeleton
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
moving away from the midline of the body
moving towards the midine of the body
The bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body
Amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
Abduction
moving away from the midline of the body
Chapter 5 Anatomy terms
Adipose tissue
Cartilage
Collagenous fibers
Connective tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
White fibers consisting of the protein collagen, common in co…
A basic type of tissue that consists of cells within an extra…
Adipose tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
61 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Agonist
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Concentric
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
a flat, sheetlike fibrous tissue that connects muscle or bone…
a type of contraction that causes shortening of a muscle
Agonist
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
Antagonist
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
Chapter 5: Skull Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
121 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Tissues
tissue
histology
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
epithelial cells
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
the study of tissues
four types of tissues
attached to a basement membrane (singular non-cellular) layer…
tissue
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
histology
the study of tissues
224 terms
Chapter 5: Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Histology
The study of organs and systems of the body
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye
The study of structures too small to be seen except through a…
Anatomy
The study of organs and systems of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
46 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
the integumentary system
dermatology
epidermis
dermis
skin/hair/nails/glands
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
partially living partially dead layer of skin
layer of skin made of loose irregular connective tissue. whit…
the integumentary system
skin/hair/nails/glands
dermatology
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
160 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is ---vascular
16%
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
of defense
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Integumentary System functions
epidermis
dermis
5 layers of epidermis
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
-your leather; strong... -dense irregular fibrous connective tis…
1. stratum basale ... 2. stratum spinosum... 3. stratum granulosum…
Integumentary System functions
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
epidermis
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
37 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Histology
cells
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
also know as microscopic anatomy-is the study of the tiny str…
basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
Physiology
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of the skin
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Spinosum
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
Deepest layer of the epidermis. All cells are attached to the…
The layer where desmosomes form between the maturing keratino…
Functions of the skin
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Epidermis
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocabulary
Osmotic Equilibrium
Chemical Disequilibrium
Electrical Disequilibrium
Total Body Water
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
Inside of the cells is slightly negative relative to the extr…
Partial total body weight in the form of water
Osmotic Equilibrium
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Chemical Disequilibrium
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Histology
Basic Tissue Types
Epithelial Tissue function
Epithelial Tissue Features
Study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
Protection/secretion/absorption
Cells are tightly packed with very little matrix... Avascular
Histology
Study of tissues
Basic Tissue Types
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
chondrocytes
lacunae
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
resists outward expansion of cartilage under pressure; also f…
provides support through flexibility and resilience; the most…
chondrocytes
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
lacunae
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
84 terms
Vocabulary Anatomy Chapter 5
compact bone
spongy bone
long bone
short bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
The most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
cube shaped, contain mostly spongy bone, wrist, ankle, sesamo…
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
spongy bone
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
Chapter 5 Long Bone Anatomy
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Medullary Cavity
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
Name "c"
Name "g" (yellow area)
Epiphysis
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Diaphysis
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
Anatomy chapter 5-Skeletal system
Parts of the skeletal system?
Two division of Sketleton
the skeleton has 206 bones
The two basic types of bone tissue?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
...
1. Compact bone... -Homogeneous... 2. spongy bone... -small needle li…
Parts of the skeletal system?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Two division of Sketleton
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
84 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 5
Loose connective tissues
Areolar Description
Areolar Function
Adipose Description
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
Binds skin to underlying organs and fills spaces between mucus
Cells which store fat
Loose connective tissues
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
Areolar Description
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
Anatomy Chapter 5 tissues
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
A cartilage cell.
One of the basic types of tissue that includes bone, cartilag…
Adipose Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
skin covers
skin is composed of what tissues?
two regions
hypodermis
1.8 square meters
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
epidermis and dermis
subcutaneous tissue found between skin and underlying layers
skin covers
1.8 square meters
skin is composed of what tissues?
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Basement membrane
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
Inner layer of skin. Is thicker than the epidermis, and it in…
a layer that anchors the epidermis to the dermis and separate…
Integumentary System
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
Epidermis
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
30 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Adipose Tissue
Cartlidge
Collagenous Fibers
Connective Tissues
Fat storing tissue
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
white fibers made of protein collagen, common in connective t…
Type of tissue that consists of cells in an extracellular mat…
Adipose Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Cartlidge
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
47 terms
ANATOMY | chapter 5
Integument
Cutaneous membrane
Accessory structures
Subcutaneous layer
Largest system of the body
Skin
Hair, glands and nails
Hypodermis (below the dermis)
Integument
Largest system of the body
Cutaneous membrane
Skin
61 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cells organized into groups and layers
Functions in secretion and absorption
Tissue with thin and flattened cells
Tissue with cube-shaped cells
Tissue
Cells organized into groups and layers
Epithelial tissue
Functions in secretion and absorption
Anatomy- Chapter 5 Vocab
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
-Most compact bones; longer than they are wide... -Have shaft wi…
-Cube shaped... -Contains mostly spongy bone... -Makes up wrists an…
Compact Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
Spongy Bone
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
Anatomy Chapter 5
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
single layer of elongated cells, nuclei located near basement…
appeared layered due to the varying positions of their nuclei…
simple squamous epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
simple cuboidal epithelium
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Axial Skeleton
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Nasal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
External occipital protuberance (bump); Foramen Magnum (whole…
"Bridge" of nose (where glasses rest)
Temporal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
Parietal Bone
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocab
Amphiarthorses
Appendicular
Articulations (joints)
Axial skeleton
Slightly movable joint
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
Points where 2 bones meet
The skull vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Amphiarthorses
Slightly movable joint
Appendicular
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
184 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 5
What are the five functions of bones?
compact bone
spongy bone
long bones
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
bone composed of small, needle-like pieces of bone and lots o…
bones which are typically longer than they are wide, with a s…
What are the five functions of bones?
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
compact bone
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Bone
Function of the Skeleton
Support
Storage of minerals
Blood cell production
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
maintains normal concentrations in body fluids, calcium-98% i…
red cells, white cells and platelet precursors in red bone ma…
Function of the Skeleton
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
Support
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
83 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
5 functions of the skeleton
number of bones in adult skeleton
number of bones in fetal skeleton
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
support for the body, protects soft organs (ex. ribs for hear…
206
270
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
5 functions of the skeleton
support for the body, protects soft organs (ex. ribs for hear…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Skin(Integument)
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
Stratum- Basale,Spinosu,.Granulosum, Lucidum(Only in thick sk…
Produce Keratin... Connected by desmosomes
Skin(Integument)
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
Anatomy Chapter 5
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
84 terms
Vocabulary Anatomy Chapter 5
compact bone
spongy bone
long bone
short bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
The most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
cube shaped, contain mostly spongy bone, wrist, ankle, sesamo…
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
spongy bone
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
Anatomy chapter 5
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
Striated/voluntary muscle - Has nuclei…
Smooth/involuntary muscle - Shorter, a…
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Regions of the Skin
Skin is composed of two regions
Label and Know this drawing
Epidermis of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Epidermis and Dermis
Outermost layer... Avascular... Keratinized, stratified squamous ep…
Regions of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Skin is composed of two regions
Epidermis and Dermis
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