Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

Anatomy Chapter 5
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Endocrine
Epithelium
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
The cells of cartilage.
Glands that discharge their secretions (hormones) directly in…
The tissue type that mainly functions to cover or line body s…
Adipose
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
Chondrocyte
The cells of cartilage.
Anatomy Chapter 5
Four Major Classes of Tissues
Organ
Tissue
Preparation of histological specimens
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
a group of similar cells and cell products that work together…
Fixation: prevents decay of tissue... Sectioning: tissue is slic…
Four Major Classes of Tissues
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
Organ
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
Anatomy chapter 5
Skeletal System
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
Skeletal Cartilage
Function of Bones- VASCULAR
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
-Contains no blood vessels or nerves... (heals slowly)... -Surroun…
-Support - skeleton that supports the... body and covers soft or…
Skeletal System
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Collagen
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Histogenesis
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
covers the body and its parts; lines various parts of the bod…
formation of tissue from primary germ layers of embryo.
Collagen
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
Connective Tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
Anatomy - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
integument
epidermis
stratum basale
melanocytes
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
bottom layer of epidermis... constantly dividing and new cells…
produce melanin (skin color)... protection from UV radiation
integument
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
epidermis
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
27 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5 -Integumentary System
avascular
sebaceous gland
sebum
Langerhans cells
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
Oil glands of the skin
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
cells that are part of the immune system found in the epiderm…
avascular
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
sebaceous gland
Oil glands of the skin
Anatomy Chapter 5: Tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
above
epithelial
epithelial
what are 4 major tissues?
what does epi mean?
tiss. that covers organ and body
lines body cavities
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
what are 4 major tissues?
above
what does epi mean?
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Integumentary System functions
epidermis
dermis
5 layers of epidermis
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
-your leather; strong... -dense irregular fibrous connective tis…
1. stratum basale ... 2. stratum spinosum... 3. stratum granulosum…
Integumentary System functions
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
epidermis
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
366 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
dermatology
Epidermal Ridges
List the five parts of the integumentary system
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
medical specialty that deals with the ... diagnosis and treatmen…
A
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
List the five parts of the integumentary system
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
Chapter 5: Skull Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
160 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is ---vascular
16%
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
of defense
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
basisphenoid
external auditory meatus
foramen magnum
frontal
basisphenoid
external auditory meatus
37 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Histology
cells
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
also know as microscopic anatomy-is the study of the tiny str…
basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
Physiology
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
46 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
the integumentary system
dermatology
epidermis
dermis
skin/hair/nails/glands
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
partially living partially dead layer of skin
layer of skin made of loose irregular connective tissue. whit…
the integumentary system
skin/hair/nails/glands
dermatology
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Amphiarthrosis
Abduction
Adduction
Appendicular skeleton
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
moving away from the midline of the body
moving towards the midine of the body
The bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body
Amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
Abduction
moving away from the midline of the body
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
50 terms
ANATOMY-Chapter 5
visceral layer
parietal layer
peritoneum
pleura
covers the outside of an organ
lines a portion of the wall of the ventral body cavity
abdominal cavity
membrane around the lungs
visceral layer
covers the outside of an organ
parietal layer
lines a portion of the wall of the ventral body cavity
108 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5
Acne vulgaris
Alopecia
Arrector pili muscle
Athlete's foot
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Loss of hair
A smooth muscle on the side of each hair follicle
Fungal infection of the foot
Acne vulgaris
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Alopecia
Loss of hair
33 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Adip
Chondro
Cyt
Epi
Fat
Cartilage
Cell
Upon, after, in addition
Adip
Fat
Chondro
Cartilage
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
chondrocytes
lacunae
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
resists outward expansion of cartilage under pressure; also f…
provides support through flexibility and resilience; the most…
chondrocytes
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
lacunae
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
84 terms
Vocabulary Anatomy Chapter 5
compact bone
spongy bone
long bone
short bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
The most common class of bone in the body, long bones have a…
cube shaped, contain mostly spongy bone, wrist, ankle, sesamo…
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of…
spongy bone
composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of open…
121 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Tissues
tissue
histology
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
epithelial cells
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
the study of tissues
four types of tissues
attached to a basement membrane (singular non-cellular) layer…
tissue
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
histology
the study of tissues
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocabulary
Osmotic Equilibrium
Chemical Disequilibrium
Electrical Disequilibrium
Total Body Water
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
Inside of the cells is slightly negative relative to the extr…
Partial total body weight in the form of water
Osmotic Equilibrium
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Chemical Disequilibrium
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Histology
Basic Tissue Types
Epithelial Tissue function
Epithelial Tissue Features
Study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
Protection/secretion/absorption
Cells are tightly packed with very little matrix... Avascular
Histology
Study of tissues
Basic Tissue Types
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Axial Skeleton
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Nasal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
External occipital protuberance (bump); Foramen Magnum (whole…
"Bridge" of nose (where glasses rest)
Temporal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
Parietal Bone
Chapter 5 Anatomy terms
Adipose tissue
Cartilage
Collagenous fibers
Connective tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
White fibers consisting of the protein collagen, common in co…
A basic type of tissue that consists of cells within an extra…
Adipose tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
224 terms
Chapter 5: Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Histology
The study of organs and systems of the body
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye
The study of structures too small to be seen except through a…
Anatomy
The study of organs and systems of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
61 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Agonist
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Concentric
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
a flat, sheetlike fibrous tissue that connects muscle or bone…
a type of contraction that causes shortening of a muscle
Agonist
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
Antagonist
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
30 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Adipose Tissue
Cartlidge
Collagenous Fibers
Connective Tissues
Fat storing tissue
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
white fibers made of protein collagen, common in connective t…
Type of tissue that consists of cells in an extracellular mat…
Adipose Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Cartlidge
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of the skin
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Spinosum
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
Deepest layer of the epidermis. All cells are attached to the…
The layer where desmosomes form between the maturing keratino…
Functions of the skin
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Epidermis
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
40 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: chapter 5 skeletal system
Appendicular skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Bursa
Diaphysis
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
Small sac filled with fluid and located at friction points, e…
Elongated shaft of a long bone
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
Anatomy chapter 5-Skeletal system
Parts of the skeletal system?
Two division of Sketleton
the skeleton has 206 bones
The two basic types of bone tissue?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
...
1. Compact bone... -Homogeneous... 2. spongy bone... -small needle li…
Parts of the skeletal system?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Two division of Sketleton
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
51 terms
anatomy chapter 5
3 components of skin color
albinism
alopecia
arrestor pili
melanin, carotene, hemoglobin
the inherited inability to produce melanin; ... abnormal and non…
the partial or complete lack of hair resulting from genetic f…
the smooth muscles attached to hair follicles
3 components of skin color
melanin, carotene, hemoglobin
albinism
the inherited inability to produce melanin; ... abnormal and non…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Bone Practical
sacrum
coccyx
Sternum
True Ribs
(pairs 1-7)
sacrum
coccyx
49 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Disease
pathogens
localized infection
infection
failure of bod to function normally
disease producing microorganisms
infection restricted to small area
invasion of the body by a pathogen and the symptoms that deve…
Disease
failure of bod to function normally
pathogens
disease producing microorganisms
Maloney Anatomy Chapter 5- Tissues
Tissues
4 major types of tissues
Histology
Epithelial tissue
a group of cells that are similar in structure and perform a…
epithelial:cover... connective:support and bind... nervous:control…
study of tissues
sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cav…
Tissues
a group of cells that are similar in structure and perform a…
4 major types of tissues
epithelial:cover... connective:support and bind... nervous:control…
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Red marrow
Diaphysis
Site of the spongy bone in the adult
Site of the compact bone in the adult
Site of hematopoiesis in the adult
Scientific name for bone shaft
Epiphysis
Site of the spongy bone in the adult
Diaphysis
Site of the compact bone in the adult
Anatomy- Chapter 5 Vocab
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
-Most compact bones; longer than they are wide... -Have shaft wi…
-Cube shaped... -Contains mostly spongy bone... -Makes up wrists an…
Compact Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
Spongy Bone
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
83 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
5 functions of the skeleton
number of bones in adult skeleton
number of bones in fetal skeleton
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
support for the body, protects soft organs (ex. ribs for hear…
206
270
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
5 functions of the skeleton
support for the body, protects soft organs (ex. ribs for hear…
109 terms
Newkirk Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
Anatomy Chapter 5
what tissue have stem cells best been…
adipose fixed cell
adipose location
areolar definition
bone marrow
adipocyte - fat cells
under skin, cushion organs
loose & haphazard fiber arrangement
what tissue have stem cells best been…
bone marrow
adipose fixed cell
adipocyte - fat cells
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid
Choroid Plexus
Lateral Ventricles
Neuroglial Cells
Lateral Ventricles -- Interventricular Foramen -- 3rd Ventric…
-Found in all ventricles of the brain... -Composed of permeable…
-Spaces within each Cerebral Hemisphere that are filled with…
-Important supportive roles to neurons of the brain and spina…
Flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid
Lateral Ventricles -- Interventricular Foramen -- 3rd Ventric…
Choroid Plexus
-Found in all ventricles of the brain... -Composed of permeable…
55 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
2 major regions of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
How many pounds is the integumentary s…
Epidermis and Dermis
Superficial, made of epithelial tissue
Deep, made of dense irregular connective tissue, 2 layers,vas…
10 pounds
2 major regions of skin
Epidermis and Dermis
Epidermis
Superficial, made of epithelial tissue
Anatomy Chapter 5
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
single layer of elongated cells, nuclei located near basement…
appeared layered due to the varying positions of their nuclei…
simple squamous epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
simple cuboidal epithelium
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
Anatomy- Chapter 5 Vocab
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
-Most compact bones; longer than they are wide... -Have shaft wi…
-Cube shaped... -Contains mostly spongy bone... -Makes up wrists an…
Compact Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
Spongy Bone
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
Anatomy: Chapter 5 Review
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
Identify 4 types of tissues
Identify locations of where you may fi…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous and Muscular
Body surfaces and lines cavities.
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
Anatomy Chapter 5
A site
anaphase
anticodon
anucleate
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
one end of the tRNA displays three nitrogenous base; which ca…
(prefix a means "without"); red blood cells are unique in tha…
A site
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
anaphase
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
functions of skeletal system
bone
osteoprogenitor cells
osteoblasts
structural support for entire body, attachment of muscles, su…
considered a dense connective tissue, consists of cells, fibe…
type of mesenchymal (stem) cell, through differentiation proc…
bone forming cells, develop into osteocytes when they become…
functions of skeletal system
structural support for entire body, attachment of muscles, su…
bone
considered a dense connective tissue, consists of cells, fibe…
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