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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Endocrine
Epithelium
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
The cells of cartilage.
Glands that discharge their secretions (hormones) directly in…
The tissue type that mainly functions to cover or line body s…
Adipose
The type of tissue that consists mainly of fat cells.
Chondrocyte
The cells of cartilage.
56 terms
Chapter 5: Skull Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Anatomy Chapter 5
Four Major Classes of Tissues
Organ
Tissue
Preparation of histological specimens
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
a group of similar cells and cell products that work together…
Fixation: prevents decay of tissue... Sectioning: tissue is slic…
Four Major Classes of Tissues
-Epithelial Tissue... -Connective Tissue... -Nervous Tissue... - Muscu…
Organ
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
27 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5 -Integumentary System
avascular
sebaceous gland
sebum
Langerhans cells
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
Oil glands of the skin
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
cells that are part of the immune system found in the epiderm…
avascular
without blood vessels or blood supply - see epidermis
sebaceous gland
Oil glands of the skin
40 terms
Anatomy chapter 5
Skeletal System
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
Skeletal Cartilage
Function of Bones- VASCULAR
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
-Contains no blood vessels or nerves... (heals slowly)... -Surroun…
-Support - skeleton that supports the... body and covers soft or…
Skeletal System
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Collagen
Connective Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Histogenesis
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
covers the body and its parts; lines various parts of the bod…
formation of tissue from primary germ layers of embryo.
Collagen
principal organic constituent of connective tissue
Connective Tissue
most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Basement membrane
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
Inner layer of skin. Is thicker than the epidermis, and it in…
a layer that anchors the epidermis to the dermis and separate…
Integumentary System
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
Epidermis
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
366 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
dermatology
Epidermal Ridges
List the five parts of the integumentary system
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
medical specialty that deals with the ... diagnosis and treatmen…
A
skin... hair... oil and sweat glands... nails... s…
List the five parts of the integumentary system
regulated body temperature... stores bloo…
What are the six functions of the ... integumentary systems
61 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
integument
epidermis
stratum basale
melanocytes
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
bottom layer of epidermis... constantly dividing and new cells…
produce melanin (skin color)... protection from UV radiation
integument
also known as cutaneous membrane or skin... consists of skin, h…
epidermis
outer, thinner region made of squamous epithelium... surface ce…
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Axial Skeleton
Temporal Bone
Parietal Bone
Occipital Bone
Nasal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
External occipital protuberance (bump); Foramen Magnum (whole…
"Bridge" of nose (where glasses rest)
Temporal Bone
Mastoid process (bump by ear lobe); external acoustic meatus…
Parietal Bone
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
skin
skin
epidermis
dermis
the largest organ in the body in terms of both surface area a…
average weight is 10 to 12 pounds and covers about 2 square m…
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
skin
the largest organ in the body in terms of both surface area a…
skin
average weight is 10 to 12 pounds and covers about 2 square m…
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology I- Chapter 5
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis (subcutaneous)
Accessory structures
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
Found under the skin. Contains larger blood vessels, nerves,…
hair, nails and exocrine glands
Epidermis
Top layer of skin. Made of stratified squamous epithelium
Dermis
Bottom layer of skin. Made of loose/areolar connective tissue…
40 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: chapter 5 skeletal system
Appendicular skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Bursa
Diaphysis
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
Small sac filled with fluid and located at friction points, e…
Elongated shaft of a long bone
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
160 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is ---vascular
16%
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
of defense
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Integumentary System functions
epidermis
dermis
5 layers of epidermis
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
-your leather; strong... -dense irregular fibrous connective tis…
1. stratum basale ... 2. stratum spinosum... 3. stratum granulosum…
Integumentary System functions
-protection from damage & UV... -prevents water loss... -regulates…
epidermis
-you shed this layer of skin... -stratified squamous epithelium…
78 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5: Tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
above
epithelial
epithelial
what are 4 major tissues?
what does epi mean?
tiss. that covers organ and body
lines body cavities
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
what are 4 major tissues?
above
what does epi mean?
Anatomy Chapter 5-the skeletal system
Closed (simple) fracture
Open (compound) fracture
Comminuted fracture
Compression Fracture
break that does not penetrate the skin
Broken bone penetrates through the skin
Bone break into many fragments
bone is crushed
Closed (simple) fracture
break that does not penetrate the skin
Open (compound) fracture
Broken bone penetrates through the skin
37 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Histology
cells
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
also know as microscopic anatomy-is the study of the tiny str…
basic unit of all living things
Anatomy
is the study of the structures of the human body that can be…
Physiology
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the…
109 terms
Newkirk Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
224 terms
Chapter 5: Anatomy
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
Histology
The study of organs and systems of the body
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye
The study of structures too small to be seen except through a…
Anatomy
The study of organs and systems of the body
Physiology
The study of the functions of the organs and systems of the b…
56 terms
Chapter 5: Skull Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Amphiarthrosis
Abduction
Adduction
Appendicular skeleton
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
moving away from the midline of the body
moving towards the midine of the body
The bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body
Amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint such as the joint joining the two publ…
Abduction
moving away from the midline of the body
108 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 5
Acne vulgaris
Alopecia
Arrector pili muscle
Athlete's foot
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Loss of hair
A smooth muscle on the side of each hair follicle
Fungal infection of the foot
Acne vulgaris
Chronic disorder of the sebaceous glands
Alopecia
Loss of hair
30 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy terms
Adipose tissue
Cartilage
Collagenous fibers
Connective tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
White fibers consisting of the protein collagen, common in co…
A basic type of tissue that consists of cells within an extra…
Adipose tissue
Fat-storing tissue
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue with cells in lacunae separated by…
46 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
the integumentary system
dermatology
epidermis
dermis
skin/hair/nails/glands
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
partially living partially dead layer of skin
layer of skin made of loose irregular connective tissue. whit…
the integumentary system
skin/hair/nails/glands
dermatology
diagnosing and treating skin disorders
22 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Muscular Tissue
Cells organized into layers or groups
Function: cover or line organs... Examples: skin, stomach, mouth…
Function: send and receive chemical messages... Examples: brain,…
Function: movement through muscle contraction... Examples: bicep…
Tissue
Cells organized into layers or groups
Epithelial Tissue
Function: cover or line organs... Examples: skin, stomach, mouth…
121 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Tissues
tissue
histology
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
epithelial cells
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
the study of tissues
four types of tissues
attached to a basement membrane (singular non-cellular) layer…
tissue
typically groups of similar cells and extracellular material…
histology
the study of tissues
112 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
Anatomy chapter 5-Skeletal system
Parts of the skeletal system?
Two division of Sketleton
the skeleton has 206 bones
The two basic types of bone tissue?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
...
1. Compact bone... -Homogeneous... 2. spongy bone... -small needle li…
Parts of the skeletal system?
Bones (skeleton)... joints... cartilages... Ligaments
Two division of Sketleton
Axial skeleton... Appendicular skeleton
61 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Agonist
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Concentric
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
a flat, sheetlike fibrous tissue that connects muscle or bone…
a type of contraction that causes shortening of a muscle
Agonist
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
Antagonist
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
24 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
chondrocytes
lacunae
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
resists outward expansion of cartilage under pressure; also f…
provides support through flexibility and resilience; the most…
chondrocytes
mature cartilage cells that occupy lacunae; they divide withi…
lacunae
cavities/pits in bone matrix that are surrounded by an extrac…
Anatomy Chapter 5
what is the axial skeleton made of
name the cranial bones
give the mnemonic for the cranial bones
mnemonic for the facial bones
skull, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum
-1 frontal bone... -1 sphenoid... -2 parietal bones... -1 occipital bo…
FS POET
Zack may prefer letting me vanish next interterm
what is the axial skeleton made of
skull, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum
name the cranial bones
-1 frontal bone... -1 sphenoid... -2 parietal bones... -1 occipital bo…
78 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocabulary
Osmotic Equilibrium
Chemical Disequilibrium
Electrical Disequilibrium
Total Body Water
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
Inside of the cells is slightly negative relative to the extr…
Partial total body weight in the form of water
Osmotic Equilibrium
Fluid concentrations are equal on the 2 sides of the cell mem…
Chemical Disequilibrium
Some solutes are more concentrated in one of the two body com…
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Histology
Basic Tissue Types
Epithelial Tissue function
Epithelial Tissue Features
Study of tissues
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
Protection/secretion/absorption
Cells are tightly packed with very little matrix... Avascular
Histology
Study of tissues
Basic Tissue Types
epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous tissues
123 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
44 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
cuboidal
Groups of cells that have specialized structural and function…
Tissue that is made of tightly packed cells with little inter…
flattened epithelial
cube-shaped epithelial
Tissue
Groups of cells that have specialized structural and function…
Epithelial tissue
Tissue that is made of tightly packed cells with little inter…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basale
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5: Tissues
Tight junctions
Desmosomes
Gap junctions
Epithelial
close space between cells by fusing cell membranes... ex: cells…
bind cells by forming "spot welds" between cell membranes... ex:…
form tubular channels between cells that allow exchange of su…
location: cover body surface, cover and line internal organs,…
Tight junctions
close space between cells by fusing cell membranes... ex: cells…
Desmosomes
bind cells by forming "spot welds" between cell membranes... ex:…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of the skin
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Spinosum
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
Deepest layer of the epidermis. All cells are attached to the…
The layer where desmosomes form between the maturing keratino…
Functions of the skin
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Epidermis
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basal
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basal
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
139 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Bone Practical
atlas
atlas facets
vertebral foramen
axis
atlas
atlas facets
30 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Adipose Tissue
Cartlidge
Collagenous Fibers
Connective Tissues
Fat storing tissue
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
white fibers made of protein collagen, common in connective t…
Type of tissue that consists of cells in an extracellular mat…
Adipose Tissue
Fat storing tissue
Cartlidge
rigid connective tissues that forms structural models for man…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
single layer of elongated cells, nuclei located near basement…
appeared layered due to the varying positions of their nuclei…
simple squamous epithelium
single layer, functions in the exchange of gases and lines bo…
simple cuboidal epithelium
single layer of cube shaped cells, centrally located nuclei,…
30 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Tissues
cell
tissue
organ
endocrine
basic unit of structure & function
many cells working together to perform a similar function
many tissues working together to perform a similar function
glands that secrete substances within the body
cell
basic unit of structure & function
tissue
many cells working together to perform a similar function
69 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 5 Vocab
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
-Most compact bones; longer than they are wide... -Have shaft wi…
-Cube shaped... -Contains mostly spongy bone... -Makes up wrists an…
Compact Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
Spongy Bone
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
50 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 5 Vocab
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
Short Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
-Most compact bones; longer than they are wide... -Have shaft wi…
-Cube shaped... -Contains mostly spongy bone... -Makes up wrists an…
Compact Bone
dense bone that looks smooth/homogenous
Spongy Bone
composed of small needle-like pieces of bone; lots of open sp…
8 terms
Chapter 5 Long Bone Anatomy
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Medullary Cavity
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
Name "c"
Name "g" (yellow area)
Epiphysis
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Diaphysis
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
95 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5-8
function of calcitonin
PTH
calcitriol
osteoblasts
Lowers blood calcium levels... decreases blood Ca++ levels... decre…
Parathyroid hormone; secreted by the parathyroid gland; PTH r…
A hormone produced from vitamin D that acts in essentially th…
Bone-forming cells.
function of calcitonin
Lowers blood calcium levels... decreases blood Ca++ levels... decre…
PTH
Parathyroid hormone; secreted by the parathyroid gland; PTH r…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Stress encourages
The structure of bone is
Osteoblasts
Lipid reserve... Support... Blood Cell Production... Protection Leverage
Bone growth
cell and matrix
Build bone by secreting osteoid (layer outside of cell)
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Lipid reserve... Support... Blood Cell Production... Protection Leverage
Stress encourages
Bone growth
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