Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

83 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
5 functions of the skeleton
How many bones are in an adult skeleton?
How many bones are in a fetal skeleton?
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
1. support for the body, 2.protects soft organs (ex. ribs for…
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270
4 main pieces of the skeletal system
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints
5 functions of the skeleton
1. support for the body, 2.protects soft organs (ex. ribs for…
90 terms
Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Functions of the skeletal system
osseous tissue
osteocyte
Support
Support... Storage... Blood cell production - Hematopoiesis ... Protec…
also known as bone
mature bone cell
Provides a framework for the entire body.
Functions of the skeletal system
Support... Storage... Blood cell production - Hematopoiesis ... Protec…
osseous tissue
also known as bone
Anatomy: Chapter 5 Review
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
Identify 4 types of tissues
Identify locations of where you may fi…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous and Muscular
Body surfaces and lines cavities.
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
functions of skeletal system
bone
osteoprogenitor cells
osteoblasts
structural support for entire body, attachment of muscles, su…
considered a dense connective tissue, consists of cells, fibe…
type of mesenchymal (stem) cell, through differentiation proc…
bone forming cells, develop into osteocytes when they become…
functions of skeletal system
structural support for entire body, attachment of muscles, su…
bone
considered a dense connective tissue, consists of cells, fibe…
Anatomy Chapter 5
A site
anaphase
anticodon
anucleate
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
one end of the tRNA displays three nitrogenous base; which ca…
(prefix a means "without"); red blood cells are unique in tha…
A site
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
anaphase
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Basement membrane
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
Inner layer of skin. Is thicker than the epidermis, and it in…
a layer that anchors the epidermis to the dermis and separate…
Integumentary System
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
Epidermis
The outer and thinner region of the skin. Is composed of stra…
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basale
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
84 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 5
Loose connective tissues
Areolar Description
Areolar Function
Adipose Description
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
Binds skin to underlying organs and fills spaces between mucus
Cells which store fat
Loose connective tissues
-Areolar... -Adipose... -Reticular
Areolar Description
-Forms delicate, thin membranes... -fibroblasts and gel-like mat…
anatomy chapter 5
largest organ in the body-
skin makes up ___ percent of body weight
the deeper layer of skin is well ______
skin is composed of what two regions
skin
16
vascularized
epidermis and dermis
largest organ in the body-
skin
skin makes up ___ percent of body weight
16
Anatomy chapter 5
Epidermis
Epidermis four cell types
Epithelium Four or five distinct layers
Keratinocytes
avascular, Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Keratinocytes... Melanocytes... Dendritic (Langerhans) cells... Tactil…
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Produce fibrous protein keratin,... Most cells of epidermis, con…
Epidermis
avascular, Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Epidermis four cell types
Keratinocytes... Melanocytes... Dendritic (Langerhans) cells... Tactil…
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocab
skin
skin
epidermis
dermis
the largest organ in the body in terms of both surface area a…
average weight is 10 to 12 pounds and covers about 2 square m…
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
skin
the largest organ in the body in terms of both surface area a…
skin
average weight is 10 to 12 pounds and covers about 2 square m…
chapter5 anatomy
adipose tissue
cartilage
chondrocyte
connective tissue
a tissue that stores fat
connective tissue in which cells
a cartilage cell
occurs throughout the body and represents the most abundant t…
adipose tissue
a tissue that stores fat
cartilage
connective tissue in which cells
Anatomy Chapter 5 tissues
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
A cartilage cell.
One of the basic types of tissue that includes bone, cartilag…
Adipose Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
nose
nasal septum
paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. (also called the throat)
nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
nasal septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
Epidermis
Stratum Basal
Stratum Corneum
Dermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
Tough, outer layer with keratin
Middle layer, thick and deep w/ blood vessels, receptors, gla…
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin, thinnest
Stratum Basal
Inner most epidermal layer with rapidly reproducing cells
44 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Consists of the skin and numerous accessory organs, helps mai…
Layer of skin composed of epithelium that forms a waxy protec…
Deep layer of skin which consists of connective tissue that s…
Layer of fat and arrogant tissue which anchors the skin to th…
Integumentary System
Consists of the skin and numerous accessory organs, helps mai…
Epidermis
Layer of skin composed of epithelium that forms a waxy protec…
anatomy - chapter 5
the integumentary system consists of f…
what is the skin also known as?
how many square feet is the skin?
what is the thinnest piece of skin in…
- skin... - hair... - oils & sweat glands... - nails... - sensory receptors
cutaneous membrane.
22 square feet.
0.5 mm (eyelids)
the integumentary system consists of f…
- skin... - hair... - oils & sweat glands... - nails... - sensory receptors
what is the skin also known as?
cutaneous membrane.
Chapter 5 Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
appositional growth
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
provides a flexible framework for the external ear and tip of…
Type of cartilage found in intervertibral disks; high in coll…
thickening of the bone
hyaline cartilage
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
elastic cartilage
provides a flexible framework for the external ear and tip of…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Bone
Function of the Skeleton
Support
Storage of minerals
Blood cell production
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
maintains normal concentrations in body fluids, calcium-98% i…
red cells, white cells and platelet precursors in red bone ma…
Function of the Skeleton
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
Support
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
112 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
103 terms
Anatomy and Physiology chapter 5
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
1.Protection of underlying tissues and organs... 2.excretion of…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
skin covers
skin is composed of what tissues?
two regions
hypodermis
1.8 square meters
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
epidermis and dermis
subcutaneous tissue found between skin and underlying layers
skin covers
1.8 square meters
skin is composed of what tissues?
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
55 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
skin
hypodermis
epidermis
dermis
largest organ of the body ... Accounts for 7% of body weight... Var…
lies deep to the dermis... Composed of areolar and adipose tissu…
superficial region of epithelial tissue... keratinized stratifie…
Second major region of the skin... Strong, flexible connective t…
skin
largest organ of the body ... Accounts for 7% of body weight... Var…
hypodermis
lies deep to the dermis... Composed of areolar and adipose tissu…
Anatomy Chapter 5 Bones
Carpals
Coccyx
Fibula
Humerus
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
leg (smaller bone of the shin)
Upper arm bone (from shoulder to elbow)
Carpals
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Coccyx
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Lower back vertebrae
Neck region vertebrae
Ribs attacked to ___ vertebrae
5 unfused bones vertebrae
Lumbar (back)
Cervical
Thoracic
Lumbar (UnFused)
Lower back vertebrae
Lumbar (back)
Neck region vertebrae
Cervical
Anatomy Chapter 5- Skeletal System
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Skeletal system
compact bone
One division of skeleton, bones that form longitudinal axis o…
One division of skeleton, bones of limbs and girdles
joints, cartilage, ligaments, bones
dense bone, looks smooth
Axial skeleton
One division of skeleton, bones that form longitudinal axis o…
Appendicular skeleton
One division of skeleton, bones of limbs and girdles
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Bones
Carpals
Coccyx
Fibula
Humerus
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
leg (smaller bone of the shin)
Upper arm bone (from shoulder to elbow)
Carpals
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Coccyx
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
61 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 5
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Squamous
Cuboidal
Cells organized into groups and layers
Functions in secretion and absorption
Tissue with thin and flattened cells
Tissue with cube-shaped cells
Tissue
Cells organized into groups and layers
Epithelial tissue
Functions in secretion and absorption
Anatomy-Chapter 5 & 6
tissue
extracellular matrix
epithelial tissues
basement membrane
cells that are organized into groups and layers and are speci…
(ECM); the nonliving portion of cells that supports the cells…
covers organs, forms the inner lining of body cavities, and l…
anchors the undeside part of the epithelial tissue to connect…
tissue
cells that are organized into groups and layers and are speci…
extracellular matrix
(ECM); the nonliving portion of cells that supports the cells…
47 terms
ANATOMY | chapter 5
Integument
Cutaneous membrane
Accessory structures
Subcutaneous layer
Largest system of the body
Skin
Hair, glands and nails
Hypodermis (below the dermis)
Integument
Largest system of the body
Cutaneous membrane
Skin
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 - Tissues
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
184 terms
Anatomy+Physiology Chapter 5
What are the five functions of bones?
compact bone
spongy bone
long bones
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
bone composed of small, needle-like pieces of bone and lots o…
bones which are typically longer than they are wide, with a s…
What are the five functions of bones?
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation…
compact bone
dense bone which appears smooth and homogeneous; one of the t…
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Skin(Integument)
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
Stratum- Basale,Spinosu,.Granulosum, Lucidum(Only in thick sk…
Produce Keratin... Connected by desmosomes
Skin(Integument)
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
26 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
compact bone
spongy bone
diaphysis
periosteum
is dense and looks smooth and homogeneous
is composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of op…
shaft
diaphysis is covered and protected by a fibrous connective ti…
compact bone
is dense and looks smooth and homogeneous
spongy bone
is composed of small needlelike pieces of bone and lots of op…
77 terms
Anatomy chapter 5
Physiology is the scientific term for…
The lowest level of organization for t…
Atoms are the basic units of compounds.
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins ar…
False
True
False
True
Physiology is the scientific term for…
False
The lowest level of organization for t…
True
Anatomy chapter 5
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
Striated/voluntary muscle - Has nuclei…
Smooth/involuntary muscle - Shorter, a…
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
86 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 5: Tissues
Epithelial Tissue Functions in...
Connective Tissue Functions in...
Where is Epithelial Tissue Found?
"Simple"
1. Protection- Prevent pathogens from entering the body. ... 2.…
1. Protection... 2. Support... 3. Transport materials... 4. Reduce Fri…
Covering organs and the body (skin), lining cavities and holl…
Single Layer
Epithelial Tissue Functions in...
1. Protection- Prevent pathogens from entering the body. ... 2.…
Connective Tissue Functions in...
1. Protection... 2. Support... 3. Transport materials... 4. Reduce Fri…
105 terms
Chapter 5 Tissues Anatomy
epithelial
epithlelial tissue function
connective tissue function
muscle tissue function
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
protection, secretion, absorption excretion
bind, support, protect, fill spaces , store fat, produces blo…
movement
epithelial
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
epithlelial tissue function
protection, secretion, absorption excretion
Anatomy: Chapter 5 Study Guide
Chondrocytes
Ectoderm
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Mature cartilage cells are called
The brain, spinal cord, and nerves arise from an embryonic ge…
Which type of muscle is not striated?
Which type of muscle has multinucleated cells?
Chondrocytes
Mature cartilage cells are called
Ectoderm
The brain, spinal cord, and nerves arise from an embryonic ge…
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocab
Amphiarthorses
Appendicular
Articulations (joints)
Axial skeleton
Slightly movable joint
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
Points where 2 bones meet
The skull vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Amphiarthorses
Slightly movable joint
Appendicular
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Regions of the Skin
Skin is composed of two regions
Label and Know this drawing
Epidermis of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Epidermis and Dermis
Outermost layer... Avascular... Keratinized, stratified squamous ep…
Regions of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Skin is composed of two regions
Epidermis and Dermis
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 and Joints
Outer lining of bone
Inner Lining of bone
Bone Cells
Matrix
periosteum
endosteum
Contribute only 2% of the bone mass
consists of inorganic and organic components
Outer lining of bone
periosteum
Inner Lining of bone
endosteum
Anatomy Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Amphiarthroses
Appendicular skeleton
Articulations (joints)
Axial skeleton
a slightly movable joint
bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
point where two bones meet
the bones of the skull, vertebral column, thorax, and sternum
Amphiarthroses
a slightly movable joint
Appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the…
Chapter 5 Long Bone Anatomy
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articular Cartilage
Medullary Cavity
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
Name "c"
Name "g" (yellow area)
Epiphysis
Name "a" (the end of the bone)
Diaphysis
Name "b" (the shaft of the bone)
80 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Histology
Organ
Histology (microscopic anatomy)
Cross Section (transverse)
Longitudinal Section
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
the study of tissues and how they are arranged into organs
Tissue cut perpendicular to length of organ
Tissue cut along long direction of organ
Organ
structure with discrete boundaries that is composed of two or…
Histology (microscopic anatomy)
the study of tissues and how they are arranged into organs
112 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5
Adip-
Chondr-
Adipose
Chondrocyte
Fat
Cartilage
Tissue that stores fat
Cartilage cell
Adip-
Fat
Chondr-
Cartilage
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of the skin
Epidermis
Stratum Basale
Stratum Spinosum
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
Deepest layer of the epidermis. All cells are attached to the…
The layer where desmosomes form between the maturing keratino…
Functions of the skin
Protection, prevention of water loss, sensation, thermoregula…
Epidermis
Keratinized, Stratified squamous epithelium consisting of 4 o…
21 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
simple columnar epithelium... 1. microvil…
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epi…
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
16 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
epidermis
dermis
hypodermis
keratinocytes
superficial, thin portion composed of epithelial tissue ... -com…
deeper, thick portion composed of connective tissue (collagen…
deepest part consisting of areolar and adipose tissue (fat)
surface cells that protect the skin... -produce a lot of keratin…
epidermis
superficial, thin portion composed of epithelial tissue ... -com…
dermis
deeper, thick portion composed of connective tissue (collagen…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of skin
4 types of bones and examples
Compact bone
Spongy bone
1. Support... 2. Protection ... 3. Movement ... 4. Storage
1. Long (femur)... 2. Short (patella)... 3. Flat (ribs) ... 4. Irregul…
In flat bones: Denser, looks smooth,
In flat bones: inner layer, spaced
Functions of skin
1. Support... 2. Protection ... 3. Movement ... 4. Storage
4 types of bones and examples
1. Long (femur)... 2. Short (patella)... 3. Flat (ribs) ... 4. Irregul…
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