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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 5"

34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Stress encourages
The structure of bone is
Osteoblasts
Lipid reserve... Support... Blood Cell Production... Protection Leverage
Bone growth
cell and matrix
Build bone by secreting osteoid (layer outside of cell)
What are the functions of the skeletal…
Lipid reserve... Support... Blood Cell Production... Protection Leverage
Stress encourages
Bone growth
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
cutaneous membrane
subcutaneous layer (hypodermis)
functions of integumentary system
epidermis - thick skin
epidermis and connective tissues in dermal layer
attaches to deeper structures such as muscle and bone
protection, temperature maintenance, synthesis of molecules,…
found in palms of hands and soles of feet
cutaneous membrane
epidermis and connective tissues in dermal layer
subcutaneous layer (hypodermis)
attaches to deeper structures such as muscle and bone
77 terms
Anatomy chapter 5
Physiology is the scientific term for…
The lowest level of organization for t…
Atoms are the basic units of compounds.
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins ar…
False
True
False
True
Physiology is the scientific term for…
False
The lowest level of organization for t…
True
50 terms
ANATOMY-Chapter 5
visceral layer
parietal layer
peritoneum
pleura
covers the outside of an organ
lines a portion of the wall of the ventral body cavity
abdominal cavity
membrane around the lungs
visceral layer
covers the outside of an organ
parietal layer
lines a portion of the wall of the ventral body cavity
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5: Tissues
General characteristics of epithelial…
Simple Squamous
Simple Cuboidal
Simple columnar
covers organs, lines body surfaces, anchored to basement memb…
single layer of flattened cells; suited for diffusion, exchan…
centrally- located nuclei, secretion and absorption in the ki…
nuclei close to membrane; may be ciliated; lines uterus, stom…
General characteristics of epithelial…
covers organs, lines body surfaces, anchored to basement memb…
Simple Squamous
single layer of flattened cells; suited for diffusion, exchan…
anatomy chapter 5
largest organ in the body-
skin makes up ___ percent of body weight
the deeper layer of skin is well ______
skin is composed of what two regions
skin
16
vascularized
epidermis and dermis
largest organ in the body-
skin
skin makes up ___ percent of body weight
16
40 terms
Essentials of human anatomy and physiology: chapter 5 skeletal system
Appendicular skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Bursa
Diaphysis
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
Small sac filled with fluid and located at friction points, e…
Elongated shaft of a long bone
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axia…
Axial Skeleton
Bones of the skull vertrebal column,thorax and sternum.
68 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral/Shoulder Girdle
What Joint do the Clavicle and Scapula…
Clavicle
Scapula
Attachment site for upper extremities;... 1. Clavicle... 2. Scapula
Acromioclavicular Joint (AC):it hoods the shoulder joint.
1. Glenoid Cavity:socket of shoulder joint... 2. Medial Border... 3…
Pectoral/Shoulder Girdle
Attachment site for upper extremities;... 1. Clavicle... 2. Scapula
What Joint do the Clavicle and Scapula…
Acromioclavicular Joint (AC):it hoods the shoulder joint.
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 tissues
Adipose Tissue
Cartilage
Chondrocyte
Connective Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
A cartilage cell.
One of the basic types of tissue that includes bone, cartilag…
Adipose Tissue
a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a…
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue in which cells are located within L…
chapter5 anatomy
adipose tissue
cartilage
chondrocyte
connective tissue
a tissue that stores fat
connective tissue in which cells
a cartilage cell
occurs throughout the body and represents the most abundant t…
adipose tissue
a tissue that stores fat
cartilage
connective tissue in which cells
21 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy and Physiology Tissues
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
simple columnar epithelium... 1. microvil…
nonkeratinized stratified squamous epi…
Simple squamous epithelium... 1. nucleus…
simple cuboidal epithelium... 1. simple c…
74 terms
Anatomy chapter 5
Epidermis
Epidermis four cell types
Epithelium Four or five distinct layers
Keratinocytes
avascular, Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Keratinocytes... Melanocytes... Dendritic (Langerhans) cells... Tactil…
Stratum basale... Stratum spinosum... Stratum granulosum... Stratum lu…
Produce fibrous protein keratin,... Most cells of epidermis, con…
Epidermis
avascular, Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Epidermis four cell types
Keratinocytes... Melanocytes... Dendritic (Langerhans) cells... Tactil…
41 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 5 Review
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
Identify 4 types of tissues
Identify locations of where you may fi…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
Epithelial, Connective, Nervous and Muscular
Body surfaces and lines cavities.
Identify 3 primary germ layers and to…
Ectoderm: Gives rise to epidermis and nervous system... Endoderm…
Explain how epithelial tissue can be o…
2 types: simple and stratified; each have subcategories.
26 terms
Anatomy Physiology Chapter 5: Human Skeleton
Cranium
Mandible
Clavicle
Manubrium
Cranium
Mandible
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Bone
Function of the Skeleton
Support
Storage of minerals
Blood cell production
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
maintains normal concentrations in body fluids, calcium-98% i…
red cells, white cells and platelet precursors in red bone ma…
Function of the Skeleton
support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protecti…
Support
structural support for the entire body, attachment of muscles…
14 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
nose
nasal septum
paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. (also called the throat)
nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
nasal septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5- Skeletal System
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Skeletal system
compact bone
One division of skeleton, bones that form longitudinal axis o…
One division of skeleton, bones of limbs and girdles
joints, cartilage, ligaments, bones
dense bone, looks smooth
Axial skeleton
One division of skeleton, bones that form longitudinal axis o…
Appendicular skeleton
One division of skeleton, bones of limbs and girdles
55 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
skin
hypodermis
epidermis
dermis
largest organ of the body ... Accounts for 7% of body weight... Var…
lies deep to the dermis... Composed of areolar and adipose tissu…
superficial region of epithelial tissue... keratinized stratifie…
Second major region of the skin... Strong, flexible connective t…
skin
largest organ of the body ... Accounts for 7% of body weight... Var…
hypodermis
lies deep to the dermis... Composed of areolar and adipose tissu…
68 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
hyaline cartilage
elastic cartilage
fibrocartilage
appositional growth
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
provides a flexible framework for the external ear and tip of…
Type of cartilage found in intervertibral disks; high in coll…
thickening of the bone
hyaline cartilage
Most common type of cartilage; it is found on the ends of lon…
elastic cartilage
provides a flexible framework for the external ear and tip of…
22 terms
Chapter 5 - Vocab 3.1: Bone Anatomy
Bone
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Main structural component of the body that provides support a…
Bones that are much longer than they are wide, which support…
Cube-shaped bones that allow for small movements (fine motor…
Relatively thin bones providing protection; ex. scapula, cran…
Bone
Main structural component of the body that provides support a…
Long Bones
Bones that are much longer than they are wide, which support…
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
skin covers
skin is composed of what tissues?
two regions
hypodermis
1.8 square meters
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
epidermis and dermis
subcutaneous tissue found between skin and underlying layers
skin covers
1.8 square meters
skin is composed of what tissues?
epithelial,connective,muscle,and nervous
50 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid
Choroid Plexus
Lateral Ventricles
Neuroglial Cells
Lateral Ventricles -- Interventricular Foramen -- 3rd Ventric…
-Found in all ventricles of the brain... -Composed of permeable…
-Spaces within each Cerebral Hemisphere that are filled with…
-Important supportive roles to neurons of the brain and spina…
Flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid
Lateral Ventricles -- Interventricular Foramen -- 3rd Ventric…
Choroid Plexus
-Found in all ventricles of the brain... -Composed of permeable…
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 - Tissues
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
tissues
histology
main tissues types
epithelial
similar cells with a common function
study of tissues
epithelial connective muscle nervous
skin
tissues
similar cells with a common function
histology
study of tissues
47 terms
ANATOMY | chapter 5
Integument
Cutaneous membrane
Accessory structures
Subcutaneous layer
Largest system of the body
Skin
Hair, glands and nails
Hypodermis (below the dermis)
Integument
Largest system of the body
Cutaneous membrane
Skin
40 terms
Anatomy chapter 5
Skeletal System
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
Skeletal Cartilage
Function of Bones- VASCULAR
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
-Contains no blood vessels or nerves... (heals slowly)... -Surroun…
-Support - skeleton that supports the... body and covers soft or…
Skeletal System
-Composed of dynamic living tissues.... -Interacts with all orga…
3 Major Functions of Cartilage
-Supporting soft tissues.... -Providing a gliding surface at... art…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Bones
Carpals
Coccyx
Fibula
Humerus
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
leg (smaller bone of the shin)
Upper arm bone (from shoulder to elbow)
Carpals
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Coccyx
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
41 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Skin(Integument)
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
Stratum- Basale,Spinosu,.Granulosum, Lucidum(Only in thick sk…
Produce Keratin... Connected by desmosomes
Skin(Integument)
Epidermis-Superficial Region... -Epithelial Tissue... Dermis- Under…
Hypodermis(Superficial Fascia)
Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part of skin... Adipose tissue
86 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 5: Tissues
Epithelial Tissue Functions in...
Connective Tissue Functions in...
Where is Epithelial Tissue Found?
"Simple"
1. Protection- Prevent pathogens from entering the body. ... 2.…
1. Protection... 2. Support... 3. Transport materials... 4. Reduce Fri…
Covering organs and the body (skin), lining cavities and holl…
Single Layer
Epithelial Tissue Functions in...
1. Protection- Prevent pathogens from entering the body. ... 2.…
Connective Tissue Functions in...
1. Protection... 2. Support... 3. Transport materials... 4. Reduce Fri…
78 terms
Anatomy-Chapter 5 & 6
tissue
extracellular matrix
epithelial tissues
basement membrane
cells that are organized into groups and layers and are speci…
(ECM); the nonliving portion of cells that supports the cells…
covers organs, forms the inner lining of body cavities, and l…
anchors the undeside part of the epithelial tissue to connect…
tissue
cells that are organized into groups and layers and are speci…
extracellular matrix
(ECM); the nonliving portion of cells that supports the cells…
Anatomy chapter 5
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
Striated/voluntary muscle - Has nuclei…
Smooth/involuntary muscle - Shorter, a…
Stratified Squamous Epithelium - The t…
Striated Muscle cell - has bands runni…
22 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy Vocab
Amphiarthorses
Appendicular
Articulations (joints)
Axial skeleton
Slightly movable joint
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
Points where 2 bones meet
The skull vertebral column, ribs, and sternum
Amphiarthorses
Slightly movable joint
Appendicular
Bones of the limbs and limb girdle
144 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Number of primary tissues
Number of primary organs
Number of vital body systems
Number name of the accessory Nerve
5
8
10
eleventh
Number of primary tissues
5
Number of primary organs
8
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Bones
Carpals
Coccyx
Fibula
Humerus
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
leg (smaller bone of the shin)
Upper arm bone (from shoulder to elbow)
Carpals
Wrist (bones at the beginning of the hand)
Coccyx
Tailbone (very bottom of spine)
51 terms
anatomy chapter 5
3 components of skin color
albinism
alopecia
arrestor pili
melanin, carotene, hemoglobin
the inherited inability to produce melanin; ... abnormal and non…
the partial or complete lack of hair resulting from genetic f…
the smooth muscles attached to hair follicles
3 components of skin color
melanin, carotene, hemoglobin
albinism
the inherited inability to produce melanin; ... abnormal and non…
105 terms
Chapter 5 Tissues Anatomy
epithelial
epithlelial tissue function
connective tissue function
muscle tissue function
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
protection, secretion, absorption excretion
bind, support, protect, fill spaces , store fat, produces blo…
movement
epithelial
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside an…
epithlelial tissue function
protection, secretion, absorption excretion
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 and Joints
Outer lining of bone
Inner Lining of bone
Bone Cells
Matrix
periosteum
endosteum
Contribute only 2% of the bone mass
consists of inorganic and organic components
Outer lining of bone
periosteum
Inner Lining of bone
endosteum
145 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
compact bone
spongy bone
center skeleton
appendages of skeleton
dense, smooth, solid bone tissue
porous needle like bone tissue
axial skeleton
center skeleton
appendicular skeleton
appendages of skeleton
163 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
the integumentary system is what perce…
the integumentary system is the bodies…
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is ---vascular
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what perce…
16%
the integumentary system is the bodies…
of defense
26 terms
Chapter 5 anatomy
Coronal suture
Ethmoid bone
Sphenoid bone
Supraorbital notch
Coronal suture
Ethmoid bone
75 terms
Chapter 5 Anatomy
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Stratum Corneum
Superficial region, epithelial tissue... Four or five distinct l…
Underlies epidermis, mostly fibrous connective tissue.... Strong…
(Superficial fascia)... Subcutaneous layer deep to skin... Not part…
Most superficial layer; 20-30 layers of dead cells, essential…
Epidermis
Superficial region, epithelial tissue... Four or five distinct l…
Dermis
Underlies epidermis, mostly fibrous connective tissue.... Strong…
113 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
A site
anaphase
anticodon
anucleate
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
one end of the tRNA displays three nitrogenous base; which ca…
(prefix a means "without"); red blood cells are unique in tha…
A site
entering the the ribosome, the tRNA binds to the complementar…
anaphase
sister chromatids pull apart and move toward opposite poles;…
57 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Regions of the Skin
Skin is composed of two regions
Label and Know this drawing
Epidermis of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Epidermis and Dermis
Outermost layer... Avascular... Keratinized, stratified squamous ep…
Regions of the Skin
Largest organ in the body... Makes up 16% of the body weight... Cov…
Skin is composed of two regions
Epidermis and Dermis
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5 Skull
Frontal bone
Parietal bone
Temporal bone
Occipital bone
forehead
behind frontal, top of head
ear area
back of skull
Frontal bone
forehead
Parietal bone
behind frontal, top of head
53 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of the Skin
Skin
Epidermis
Keratinocytes
Protection, body temperature (goose bumps, sweat, blood flow)…
The largest organ of the body (ll pounds), divided into two m…
Is a keratinized, stratified squamous epithelium, thin and ha…
The most abundant epidermal cell produce keratin, a tough fib…
Functions of the Skin
Protection, body temperature (goose bumps, sweat, blood flow)…
Skin
The largest organ of the body (ll pounds), divided into two m…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Functions of skin
4 types of bones and examples
Compact bone
Spongy bone
1. Support... 2. Protection ... 3. Movement ... 4. Storage
1. Long (femur)... 2. Short (patella)... 3. Flat (ribs) ... 4. Irregul…
In flat bones: Denser, looks smooth,
In flat bones: inner layer, spaced
Functions of skin
1. Support... 2. Protection ... 3. Movement ... 4. Storage
4 types of bones and examples
1. Long (femur)... 2. Short (patella)... 3. Flat (ribs) ... 4. Irregul…
52 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Simple Squamous
Simple Cubodial
Cardiac
Skeletal Muscle
Simple Squamous
Simple Cubodial
157 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is ---vascular
16%
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
of defense
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
160 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
16%
of defense
stratified squamous epithelium
avascular
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
the integumentary system is a...
the epidermis is _vascular
16%
the integumentary system is what percent of the total body we…
of defense
the integumentary system is the bodies first line...
66 terms
Anatomy Chapter 5
Axial versus Appendicular Skeleton
Skeletal System Includes
5 Functions of the bones
Minerals stored in bone
Joints, cartilages, and ligaments
Support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation
phosphorus and (primarily) calcium
Axial versus Appendicular Skeleton
Skeletal System Includes
Joints, cartilages, and ligaments
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