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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 6"

38 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 6
arthritis
dislocation
rickets
axis
Inflammation of a joint
Displacement of a bone from a joint
Vitamin D deficiency
arthritis
Inflammation of a joint
dislocation
Displacement of a bone from a joint
380 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6
osseous tissue
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
remodeling
osteology
what is another name for bone tissue?
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
the construction of new bone tissue and breaking down of old…
the study of bone structure and ... treatment of bone disorders
osseous tissue
what is another name for bone tissue?
osseous tissue... cartilage... dense connect…
a bone is made up of what kinds of ... tissues?
32 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy
functions of skeletal system
tendons
ligaments
location of cartilage
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
connect muscle to bones
connect bone to bone
joints, epiphyseal plates of bones, nose, respiratory tract,…
functions of skeletal system
support, protect, movement, storage, blood cell production
tendons
connect muscle to bones
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Vocab
muscle fiber
endomysium
perimysium
fascicle
elongated cells of skeletal and smooth muscle
delicate connective tissue sheath that encloses muscle fibers
coarse fibrous membrane that wraps several sheathed muscle fi…
bundle of muscle fibers
muscle fiber
elongated cells of skeletal and smooth muscle
endomysium
delicate connective tissue sheath that encloses muscle fibers
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Organ
Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Two or more types of tissues grouped together
Made up of the skin and its various accessory structures
The outer layer of the skin
The inner layer of the skin
Organ
Two or more types of tissues grouped together
Integumentary System
Made up of the skin and its various accessory structures
110 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Skeletal System Functions
Classify bones according to
Long Bone
Short Bones
produce blood cells,... provides protection for organs, ... helps…
shape... Long bones... Short Bones... Flat Bones... Irregular Bones
Longer than they are wide (Legs and Arms)
fairly equal in width and length, (like a cube) [Wrist and an…
Skeletal System Functions
produce blood cells,... provides protection for organs, ... helps…
Classify bones according to
shape... Long bones... Short Bones... Flat Bones... Irregular Bones
90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6
Trapezius
Deltoid
Latissimus dorsi
Pectoralis major
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Raises arm
Rotates and draws arm backward and toward body
Draws arm forward and toward body
Trapezius
Lifts shoulder blade... Braces shoulder... Draws head back
Deltoid
Raises arm
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Study Guide
The red bone marrow is important in th…
The humerus is an example of what type…
The bones of the spine are an example…
The hollow shaft of a long bone is cal…
hematopoiesis storage
long bone
irregular bones
diaphysis
The red bone marrow is important in th…
hematopoiesis storage
The humerus is an example of what type…
long bone
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Vocab
muscle fiber
endomysium
perimysium
fascicle
elongated cells of skeletal and smooth muscle
delicate connective tissue sheath that encloses muscle fibers
coarse fibrous membrane that wraps several sheathed muscle fi…
bundle of muscle fibers
muscle fiber
elongated cells of skeletal and smooth muscle
endomysium
delicate connective tissue sheath that encloses muscle fibers
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
2 layers of the skin
functions of the epidermis
Thin skin
thick skin
epidermis and dermis
produce keratin with keratinocytes to protect... produce melanin…
4 cell layers (not stratum lucidem). found in lips and eyelids
5 cell layers. most body, hands, foot soles.... (deep) stratum b…
2 layers of the skin
epidermis and dermis
functions of the epidermis
produce keratin with keratinocytes to protect... produce melanin…
90 terms
Chapter 6 Human Anatomy and Physiology
bones of skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
cartilages
axial and appendicular skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
bones of the upper and lower limbs and girdles (shoulder and…
hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
bones of skeleton
axial and appendicular skeleton
axial skeleton
bones of skull, vertebral column, rib cage,... protect, support,…
15 terms
Chapter 6 anatomy 6.1
Fissure
Foramen
Fossa
Sulcus ... (groove)
Narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones through which blo…
opening through which blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments pas…
Shallow depression (fossa= trench) ... ex Coronoid fossa of the…
Furrow along a bone surface that accommodates a blood vessel,…
Fissure
Narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones through which blo…
Foramen
opening through which blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments pas…
317 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6-7
support... protection... storage... blood cell…
minerals and lipids (yellow bone marrow)
red bone marrow
movement
functions of osseous tissue and bone structure
what does the osseous tissue and bone structure store
where are red blood cells made
leverage
support... protection... storage... blood cell…
functions of osseous tissue and bone structure
minerals and lipids (yellow bone marrow)
what does the osseous tissue and bone structure store
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Integumentary System
Integumentary System
epidermis
dermis
basement membrane
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
The outer layer of skin. Is composed of stratified squamous e…
Inner layer of skin. Is thicker than the epidermis, and it in…
a layer that anchors the epidermis to the dermis and separate…
Integumentary System
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
epidermis
The outer layer of skin. Is composed of stratified squamous e…
50 terms
Anatomy chapter 6
Osteogenesis (Ossification)
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Hyaline Cartilage
The formation of bone
Torso and head... Includes the skull, ribs, sternum, Vertebral c…
Bones of upper and lower limbs... Girdles attaching limbs to axi…
Provides support, Flexability, and resilience... Collagen fibers…
Osteogenesis (Ossification)
The formation of bone
Axial Skeleton
Torso and head... Includes the skull, ribs, sternum, Vertebral c…
53 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy
Orbicularis oris
Pectoralis major
External oblique
Sternocleidomastoid
Orbicularis oris
Pectoralis major
35 terms
anatomy chapter 6
bones
compact bone
spongy bone
long bones
-support the body... -protects soft organs... -attached skeletal mu…
-dense... -smooth... -homogeneous
-small needle like pieces of bone... -many open spaces
-longer than they are wide... -shaft with heads situated at both…
bones
-support the body... -protects soft organs... -attached skeletal mu…
compact bone
-dense... -smooth... -homogeneous
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Cartilage Functions
Interstitial Growth
Appositional Growth
Bone Functions
Supporting soft tissues and joints, acting as a model for the…
Inside-out. Two chondroblasts are formed in one lacunae, whic…
Outside. Mesenchymal cells become chondroblasts. They then se…
Supporting soft tissues, movement support, hemopoiesis, and m…
Cartilage Functions
Supporting soft tissues and joints, acting as a model for the…
Interstitial Growth
Inside-out. Two chondroblasts are formed in one lacunae, whic…
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
2 layers of the skin
functions of the epidermis
Thin skin
thick skin
epidermis and dermis
produce keratin with keratinocytes to protect... produce melanin…
4 cell layers (not stratum lucidem). found in lips and eyelids
5 cell layers. most body, hands, foot soles.... (deep) stratum b…
2 layers of the skin
epidermis and dermis
functions of the epidermis
produce keratin with keratinocytes to protect... produce melanin…
35 terms
ANATOMY Chapter 6 Integumentary System
Integumentary System
epidermis
dermis
basement membrane
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
The outer layer of skin. Is composed of stratified squamous e…
Inner layer of skin. Is thicker than the epidermis, and it in…
a layer that anchors the epidermis to the dermis and separate…
Integumentary System
The skin, the largest organ in the body by weight and various…
epidermis
The outer layer of skin. Is composed of stratified squamous e…
97 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
1) Support... 2) Protection... 3) Movement... 4…
Clast
Blast
Osteo
Name the 5 functions of the Skeletal System
means to break down
means to build up
means bone
1) Support... 2) Protection... 3) Movement... 4…
Name the 5 functions of the Skeletal System
Clast
means to break down
60 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy and Physiology
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
The principal parts of the cell are th…
The center of the cell contains the __…
The protoplasm of a cell that surround…
protoplasm
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
nucleus
cytoplasm
Cells are made up of a colorless, jell…
protoplasm
The principal parts of the cell are th…
nucleus, cytoplasm, and cell membrane
12 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 6 skull
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
Zygomaticus
Buccinator
Frontalis
Orbicularis oculi
20 terms
Anatomy chapter 6- thigh
Iliac crest
Psoas major
Iliacus
Anterior superior iliac spine
C
D
Iliac crest
Psoas major
C
21 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 6 Vocab
apocrine glands
conduction
convection
dermis
gland whose secretions have parts of secretory cells
movement of body heat into the molecules of cooler objects in…
transmission of heat from one substance to another through th…
the thick layer of the skin beneath the epidermis
apocrine glands
gland whose secretions have parts of secretory cells
conduction
movement of body heat into the molecules of cooler objects in…
54 terms
CHAPTER 6 ANATOMY
diaphysis
epiphysis
metaphysis
epiphyseal plate
elongated shaft of a long bone
the end of a long bone, attached to the shaft
wide portion of a long bone between the epiphysis and diaphys…
plate of hyaline cartilage at the junction of the diaphysis a…
diaphysis
elongated shaft of a long bone
epiphysis
the end of a long bone, attached to the shaft
11 terms
Anatomy vocab Chapter 6
Osseous Tissue
Long Bones
Short Bones
Diaphysis
(Bone) supporting tissue containing spealized cells, matrix,…
Longer than they are wide
Length and width are usually equal
Center in bone, surrounds a central marrow cavity (loose conn…
Osseous Tissue
(Bone) supporting tissue containing spealized cells, matrix,…
Long Bones
Longer than they are wide
8 terms
Chapter 6- Anatomy
Coracobrachialis
Brachialis
Anconeus
Brachioradialis
O- Coracoid Process of Scapula... I- Middle of Humerus... A- Flexio…
O- lower 1/2 humerus... I- Coracoid process of ulna... A- Prime fle…
O-Lateral epicondyle of humerus... I- Olecranon of Ulna laterall…
O-Humerus... I-Radius... A- Flexes elbow... N- Radial
Coracobrachialis
O- Coracoid Process of Scapula... I- Middle of Humerus... A- Flexio…
Brachialis
O- lower 1/2 humerus... I- Coracoid process of ulna... A- Prime fle…
56 terms
Chapter 6: Skull Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
Sphenoid Bone
Frontal Bone
Maxilla Bone
131 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
what are the two parts of the integume…
largest organ of the body
what are the "associated structures" i…
what are the two layers of the skin?
skin, and associated structures
skin
hair, nails, glands= 'appendages or accessory structures'
epidermis, dermis
what are the two parts of the integume…
skin, and associated structures
largest organ of the body
skin
23 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Outer layer of skin
Dark pigment that provides skin color
Layer of skin that contains blood vess…
Associated with hair follicles and sec…
Epidermis
Melanin
Dermis
Sebaccious gland
Outer layer of skin
Epidermis
Dark pigment that provides skin color
Melanin
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6: Muscles
Skeletal Muscle ... - Body Location ... - Ce…
Cardiac Muscle ... - Body Location ... - Cel…
Smooth Muscle ... - Body Location ... - Cell…
Endomysium
Body Locations; Attached to bone or some facial muscles to sk…
Body Location: Walls of the heart ... Cell shape: Branching cha…
Body Location: In walls of hollow visceral organs ... Cell shap…
—covers a single muscle fiber
Skeletal Muscle ... - Body Location ... - Ce…
Body Locations; Attached to bone or some facial muscles to sk…
Cardiac Muscle ... - Body Location ... - Cel…
Body Location: Walls of the heart ... Cell shape: Branching cha…
40 terms
chapter 6 anatomy and physiology
cell metabolism
tissue
organ
nerve tissues
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
groups of tissues designed to perform z specific functions... A…
carries messages to and from the brain. nerve tissue is compo…
cell metabolism
a chemical process that takes place in living organism, where…
tissue
Collection of similar cells that perform a particular function
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 6 Vocab - Integumentary System
Epidermal Proliferating Unit
Keratinization
Keratinocyte
Sudoriferous
Active basal cells and their vertical columns that are migrat…
The process that occurs during epidermal development where a…
The type of epidermal cells that make up the outer skin, that…
Type of gland that produces sweat.
Epidermal Proliferating Unit
Active basal cells and their vertical columns that are migrat…
Keratinization
The process that occurs during epidermal development where a…
33 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
function of the skeletal system
what is a foramen
epiphysis
type of bone in epiphysis
support for body, stores minerals. blood cell production, pro…
tunnel through bone, containing blood vessels and arteries
expanded ends of bone
spongy
function of the skeletal system
support for body, stores minerals. blood cell production, pro…
what is a foramen
tunnel through bone, containing blood vessels and arteries
94 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 6
Abduction
Acetabulum
Adduction
Amphiarthroses
Movement away from the midline or axis or body; opposite of a…
Area where the three bones of the hip unite to form a deep so…
Movement of part of the body or a limb toward the midline of…
Partially movable join, e.g. symphysis pubis
Abduction
Movement away from the midline or axis or body; opposite of a…
Acetabulum
Area where the three bones of the hip unite to form a deep so…
38 terms
anatomy chapter 6: Bones
what is hematopoises and tell where it…
epiphyses
diaphysis
medullary cavity
blood cell formation, red marrow
expanded ends
shaft between epiphysis
cavity inside the daiphysis
what is hematopoises and tell where it…
blood cell formation, red marrow
epiphyses
expanded ends
68 terms
chapter 6 anatomy study guide
5 functions of skeletal system
number of bones in the body
ossification
osteocytes
protection, movement, support, blood feel reproduction, miner…
206
cartilage transformed to bone
bone cell
5 functions of skeletal system
protection, movement, support, blood feel reproduction, miner…
number of bones in the body
206
99 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 BONES
Skeletal Cartilage
Skeletal cartilage
Cartilage
Perichondrium
made up of a variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its bo…
human skeleton initially consists of just cartilages and fibr…
Consists mostly of water which is why it is able to spring ba…
Layer of dense irregular connective tissue surrounding cartil…
Skeletal Cartilage
made up of a variety of cartilage tissue molded to fit its bo…
Skeletal cartilage
human skeleton initially consists of just cartilages and fibr…
60 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 6.0
The process of building up larger mole…
The complex chemical process whereby b…
Cells will continue to grow and thrive…
The process by which cells reproduce b…
ANABOLISM
METABOLISM
FOOD, OXYGEN AND WATER
MITOSIS
The process of building up larger mole…
ANABOLISM
The complex chemical process whereby b…
METABOLISM
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Functions of bone (5)
Bone is what kind of tissue?
Matrix is like
2/3 of weight is
1. support of the weight of the body... 2. storage of Ca salts... 3…
connective
concrete and steel. Crystals resist compression, while the fl…
calcium phosphate
Functions of bone (5)
1. support of the weight of the body... 2. storage of Ca salts... 3…
Bone is what kind of tissue?
connective
29 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6 Vocab
cut
derm
epi
follic
skin
skin
upon
small bag
cut
skin
derm
skin
33 terms
anatomy chapter 6 study guide
humerus
ulna
patella
carpals
humerus
ulna
31 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Skeletal System Functions
Long Bone
Bone Matrix
Osteoblasts
Movement, Protection, Support, Nutrient Storage (calcium, pho…
Diaphysis, Epiphyses (proximal and distal), Metaphyses, Artic…
35% organic (collagen fibers which avidly bind the secreted m…
Make collagen, which is packaged into vesicles and secreted v…
Skeletal System Functions
Movement, Protection, Support, Nutrient Storage (calcium, pho…
Long Bone
Diaphysis, Epiphyses (proximal and distal), Metaphyses, Artic…
33 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy
What are the 4 skeletal system compone…
Name 3 characteristics of cartilage co…
Functions of cartilage connective tissue
Hyaline cartilage
Bones, cartilage, ligaments, and other stabilizing connective…
Semi-rigid connective tissue, chondroblasts produce matrix of…
Supports soft tissue, gliding surface at articulations, forma…
Most abundant skeletal cartilage that provides support with f…
What are the 4 skeletal system compone…
Bones, cartilage, ligaments, and other stabilizing connective…
Name 3 characteristics of cartilage co…
Semi-rigid connective tissue, chondroblasts produce matrix of…
87 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
clavicles
parathyroid hormone
achondroplasia
osteoporosis
the only bones formed by intramembranous ossification that ar…
stimulates osteoclasts to resorb bone and release calcium int…
genetic... results in inhibition of cartilage proliferation at e…
compact bone becomes thinner and less dense; spongy bone has…
clavicles
the only bones formed by intramembranous ossification that ar…
parathyroid hormone
stimulates osteoclasts to resorb bone and release calcium int…
55 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 6 (muscles)
frontalis function
orbicularis oculi function
orbicularis oris function
temporalis function
raises eyebrows
Closes eyelids; used in blinking, winking, and squinting
Closes and protrudes lips; used in whistling and forming many…
closes jaw
frontalis function
raises eyebrows
orbicularis oculi function
Closes eyelids; used in blinking, winking, and squinting
83 terms
Anatomy Chapter 6
Which of the following are not compone…
Which of the following bones is classi…
The carpal bones are examples of _____…
a rib is an example of a ______ bone
tendons
vertebra
short
flat
Which of the following are not compone…
tendons
Which of the following bones is classi…
vertebra
36 terms
Chapter 6 Anatomy
Serous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Synovial Membrane
Cutaneous Membrane
-Line cavities that lack openings to outside ... - cover thorax…
-Lines cavities and openings that lead to the outside of the…
-Line joint cavities ... -only connective tissue... -secretes lubri…
-The skin
Serous Membrane
-Line cavities that lack openings to outside ... - cover thorax…
Mucous Membrane
-Lines cavities and openings that lead to the outside of the…
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