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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 7"

64 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 7 Review
central sulcus
hippocampus
Alzheimer's disease
stroke or cardiovascular accident
the groove between frontal and parietal lobes
structure that creates new long term memories
brain dysfunction characterized by dementia linked with abnor…
brain dysfunction caused by blocked blood flow to part of the…
central sulcus
the groove between frontal and parietal lobes
hippocampus
structure that creates new long term memories
123 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Organ
skin, nails
cutaneous
Epidermis and Dermis
Skin (integument) is the body's largest _________.
Integumentary system describes the ________ and it appendages…
The skin is classified as a __________ membrane
What are the 2 primary layers of the skin?
Organ
Skin (integument) is the body's largest _________.
skin, nails
Integumentary system describes the ________ and it appendages…
131 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
How many bones are in the human skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
The skull is divided into... (2 parts)
206
80 bones total arranged into skull, vertebral column, and tho…
bones of the upper and lower limbs as well as their attachmen…
Cranial bones and facial bones
How many bones are in the human skeleton
206
Axial skeleton
80 bones total arranged into skull, vertebral column, and tho…
22 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 7 - Muscle terms
acetylcholine
3 types of muscle types
abdominal hernia
hernia
a neurotransmitter - carries nerve impulse across synaptic cl…
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
organs protrude through abdominal wall
organ protrude through a weak muscle
acetylcholine
a neurotransmitter - carries nerve impulse across synaptic cl…
3 types of muscle types
smooth, cardiac, skeletal
18 terms
Chapter 7: Anatomy of The Pelvic Girdle
Illium
Iliac crest
Ischium
Pelvic Brim
Illium
Iliac crest
28 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Long Bone
Short Bone
Flat Bone
Irregular Bone
Bones that are longer than they are wide (EX: Femur, Humerus)
Rock shaped bones (EX: Carpals, Tarsals)
Bones with a broad surface (EX: Scapula, Parietal)
Bones with irregular shapes (EX: Mandible, Vertebrae)
Long Bone
Bones that are longer than they are wide (EX: Femur, Humerus)
Short Bone
Rock shaped bones (EX: Carpals, Tarsals)
37 terms
Functional Anatomy and Kinesiology Lippert Chapter 7
Roles of Cardio Vascular System
Heart Structure
Heart
Left Ventricle
-transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues... -transport c…
Comprised of smooth muscle that serves to pump blood through…
Consists of four chambers: ... - two ventricles (left and right…
-pumps blood through the entire body (are larger and with str…
Roles of Cardio Vascular System
-transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues... -transport c…
Heart Structure
Comprised of smooth muscle that serves to pump blood through…
77 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Sinuses
Temporal
Sphenoid
Ethmoid
hollow cavities, production of sound, reduce skull weight
side of cranium (temples), have holes for ears
connects cranial to facial bones, on the sides
cranial bones of eye socket, bridge of the nose
Sinuses
hollow cavities, production of sound, reduce skull weight
Temporal
side of cranium (temples), have holes for ears
11 terms
chapter 7 anatomy
os coxae
ilium
ala
iliac crest
hip bone containing the Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
the large flaring bone of the os coxae
the portion of the Ilium superior to the body that crests ant…
the thickened superior margins of the alae. the place where y…
os coxae
hip bone containing the Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
ilium
the large flaring bone of the os coxae
72 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Axial Skeleton
Paired Bones of the Cranium
Cranial Bones
Fontanelles
Consists of the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, and t…
Parietal and temporal.
8 total bones,
Temporary sites of hyaline cartilage found near skull sutures…
Axial Skeleton
Consists of the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, and t…
Paired Bones of the Cranium
Parietal and temporal.
242 terms
Chapter 7 - Anatomy
The ______structure is strong, yet lig…
The skeleton is composed of bones, car…
There are ____ bones in the human skel…
The ____ skeleton forms the long axis…
skeletal
ligaments
206
axial
The ______structure is strong, yet lig…
skeletal
The skeleton is composed of bones, car…
ligaments
95 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
bones
types of tissues in bones
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
the organs of the skeletal system, provide points of attachme…
nervous tissue, blood, dense connective, cartilage, & bone ti…
skull, hyoid, vertebrae, ribs, sternum, ear ossicles... 80 bones
upper and lower limbs and pelvic and pectoral girdles... 126 bones
bones
the organs of the skeletal system, provide points of attachme…
types of tissues in bones
nervous tissue, blood, dense connective, cartilage, & bone ti…
11 terms
anatomy study guide chapter 7
labial frenum
alveolar mucosa
gingiva
buccal mucosa
is between the maxillary central incisors and mandibular cent…
covers the alveolar bone that supports the teeth
moves from the alveolar mucosa toward the teeth
the inner surface of the cheeks
labial frenum
is between the maxillary central incisors and mandibular cent…
alveolar mucosa
covers the alveolar bone that supports the teeth
48 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 7
Acetylcholine
Action potential
All or none
Antagonist
Chemical released when a nerve impulse is transmitted
The electric change occurring across the membrane of a nerve…
Law that states a muscle cell, when stimulated, contracts all…
A muscle whose action opposes the action of another muscle
Acetylcholine
Chemical released when a nerve impulse is transmitted
Action potential
The electric change occurring across the membrane of a nerve…
41 terms
ANATOMY CHAPTER 7
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Spinal Nerves
Cranial Nerves
consists of brain and spinal cord... occupy dorsal cavity... act as…
nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord... outside the…
carry impulses to and from the spinal cord
carry impulses to and from the brain... link all parts of the bo…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of brain and spinal cord... occupy dorsal cavity... act as…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
nerves that extend from the brain and spinal cord... outside the…
28 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy Terms
Articular cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
Two or more bones joined by cartilage
Dense tissue in which cells are organized in osteons with no…
Articular cartilage
Hyaline cartilage that covers ends of bones in synovial joints
Bursa
A saclike, fluid-filled structure, lined with synovial membra…
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7: Skeletal System
Long bones
epiphysis
articular cartilage
diaphysis
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Expanded portion of a bond that articulates with another bone
hyaline cartilage that covers the epiphysis
the shaft of a bone
Long bones
Bones that are longer than they are wide
epiphysis
Expanded portion of a bond that articulates with another bone
57 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy
Striated ... Voluntary... Attaches to bone
Striated ... Cells branch frequently ... Inc…
Moves food into stomach ... nonstriated…
The muscle unit, excluding the ends
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
Smooth muscle
body
Striated ... Voluntary... Attaches to bone
Skeletal muscle
Striated ... Cells branch frequently ... Inc…
Cardiac muscle
114 terms
Anatomy chapter 7
how many bones
how many synovial/ diarthrodial joints
how do bones move?
axial skeleton
206
79
muscle contractions
midline structure/ medial... head, nose, sternum, naval... vertebra…
how many bones
206
how many synovial/ diarthrodial joints
79
121 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
The skull is divided into... (2 parts)
Cranial bones
Includes the skull, vertebral column, and thorax.... 2 major fun…
Includes bones of the upper and lower limbs as well as their…
Cranial bones and facial bones
surround and protect the brain
Axial skeleton
Includes the skull, vertebral column, and thorax.... 2 major fun…
Appendicular skeleton
Includes bones of the upper and lower limbs as well as their…
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Articular Cartilage
Bursa
Cartilaginous joint
Compact bone
hard, protective covering at the end of long bones in synovia…
A saclike, fluidfilled structure, lined with synovial fluid,…
two bones linked by cartilage, found between vertebrae
Dense tissue in which cells are organized is osteons
Articular Cartilage
hard, protective covering at the end of long bones in synovia…
Bursa
A saclike, fluidfilled structure, lined with synovial fluid,…
51 terms
Chapter 7 Skeleton Anatomy
Cervical Vertebrae
Thoracic Vertebrae
Lumbar Vertebrae
Sacrum
First seven vertebrae (Has transverse foramen on the sides, h…
Second twelve vertebrae (Has articular processes for the ribs…
Last five vertebrae (Has articular processes and is large,)
Fused vertebrae at the end of the spine. (Has a sacrum canal…
Cervical Vertebrae
First seven vertebrae (Has transverse foramen on the sides, h…
Thoracic Vertebrae
Second twelve vertebrae (Has articular processes for the ribs…
61 terms
Shively Anatomy Arthrology Chapter 7
arthrology
articulation
joint
simple
the study of joints
a fancy name for a joint
the location at which 2 or more bones or cartilages connect
A _________ joint is where only 2 bones or cartilages connect.
arthrology
the study of joints
articulation
a fancy name for a joint
121 terms
Anatomy chapter 7
condyle
crest
epicondyle
facet
rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
narrow, ridge like projection
projection situated above a condyle
small, nearly flat surface
condyle
rounded process that usually articulates with another bone
crest
narrow, ridge like projection
40 terms
Chapter 7.2 Anatomy
ventricle
gyri
sulci
fissure
cavities within the brain
an outward fold of the surface of the cerebral cortex
a furrow on the brain, less deep than fissures
the deepest depressions or inward folds on the brain
ventricle
cavities within the brain
gyri
an outward fold of the surface of the cerebral cortex
75 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
The axial skeleton (80 bones)
Roles of skull
Sinuses
Cranial bones articulate through
forms the vertical, central axis of the body and includes all…
1. Protection - cranium has multiple ossification centers... 2.…
frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid, maxillary. Used for thermal insul…
Sutures
The axial skeleton (80 bones)
forms the vertical, central axis of the body and includes all…
Roles of skull
1. Protection - cranium has multiple ossification centers... 2.…
19 terms
Chapter 7 anatomy
facial bones
cranial bones
coronal suture
pterion
maxilla, mandible, nasal bone, zygomatic bone, lacrimal bone,…
ethmoid bone, sphenoid bone, frontal bone, parietal bone, sut…
Which suture is the articulation between the frontal and pari…
The region where a portion of the sphenoid bone articulates w…
facial bones
maxilla, mandible, nasal bone, zygomatic bone, lacrimal bone,…
cranial bones
ethmoid bone, sphenoid bone, frontal bone, parietal bone, sut…
71 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 7
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE
SEROUS MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
THE SKIN
SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM ON A CONNECTIVE TISSUE BASEMENT ME…
EPITHELIAL MEMBRANES
COMPOSED OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE AND AN UNDERLYING LAYER OF CONN…
CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANES
COMPOSED EXCLUSIVELY OF VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
9 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy of a Long Bone
Diaphysis
Epiphyses (Epiphysis)
Meduallary Cavity
Endosteum
Main shaft... Hollow and cylindrical... Compact bone
Ends of long bone;... Bulbous shape (muscle and ligament attachm…
Tubelike, hollow space in shaft of long bone; yellow marrow... t…
Thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity of long bones
Diaphysis
Main shaft... Hollow and cylindrical... Compact bone
Epiphyses (Epiphysis)
Ends of long bone;... Bulbous shape (muscle and ligament attachm…
23 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7 Joints
Ball and socket
Ellipsoidal or condylar
Plane or gliding joint
Hinge joint
end of one bone fits in the cup-shaped cavity of another bone
end of one bone fits in the oval-shaped cavity of another bone
articulating surfaces are nearly flat
permits movement in only one direction
Ball and socket
end of one bone fits in the cup-shaped cavity of another bone
Ellipsoidal or condylar
end of one bone fits in the oval-shaped cavity of another bone
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
afferent
axons
boutons
dendrites
From sensory organs to the CNS
Take action potentials from soma
Terminals at end of axon
take messages to the soma
afferent
From sensory organs to the CNS
axons
Take action potentials from soma
42 terms
Anatomy chapter 7 bones
diaphysis
epiphysis
5 classes of bone according to shape
short bones are shaped like
the long shaft of the bone
the ends of a bone
round, short, flat, irregular, long
cubes (cuboidal)
diaphysis
the long shaft of the bone
epiphysis
the ends of a bone
200 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 7
Coronal suture
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Skull
~80 Bones ... Skull, Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage (Inclu…
~126 Bones ... Pectoral & Pelvic Girdles, Upper & Lower Limbs…
22 Bones: 8 Cranial & 14 Facial... Cranium encloses & protects…
Coronal suture
Axial Skeleton
~80 Bones ... Skull, Vertebral Column and Thoracic Cage (Inclu…
21 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy
Typical number of bones in adult skele…
Two parts of the skeletal system
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
206
Axial and Appendicular
the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage
Shoulder and hip bones and those and those of the upper and l…
Typical number of bones in adult skele…
206
Two parts of the skeletal system
Axial and Appendicular
14 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7 Vocab
Long Bone
Short Bone
Hematopoiesis
Epiphysis
Long longitudinal axes and expanded ends.
Somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
Production of blood cells from dividing stem and progenitor c…
End of a long bone.
Long Bone
Long longitudinal axes and expanded ends.
Short Bone
Somewhat cubelike, with roughly equal lengths and widths.
29 terms
anatomy chapter 7
hyaline cartilage
25
206
20
what cartilage is the most abundant
by what age is skeleton solidified
how many bones make up the adult skeleton
what percent of the body mass are the bones
hyaline cartilage
what cartilage is the most abundant
25
by what age is skeleton solidified
27 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy
joints
articulation
holds bones together, allows for mobil…
structurally and functionally
any point of contact between bones, cartilage & bones, or teeth
where two bones meet (joints)
what are the 2 functions of joints?
what are the 2 ways to classify joints?
joints
any point of contact between bones, cartilage & bones, or teeth
articulation
where two bones meet (joints)
67 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7 Vocabulary
acetabul
ax
blast
carp
vinegar cup
axis
bud
wrist
acetabul
vinegar cup
ax
axis
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7 Vocab
fov
glen
inter
intra
pit in the head of the femur
depression in the scapula that articulates with the head of t…
structure located between adjacent vertebre
bone that forms within sheetlike masses of connective tissue
fov
pit in the head of the femur
glen
depression in the scapula that articulates with the head of t…
46 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 7 Review
Long Bone
Short Bone
Flat Bone
Epiphysis
Longer than it is wide;shaft with head at both ends
Cube shaped bones; mostly spongy bone
2 layers of compact bone sandwiching spongy bone
Head of a long bone; articulates with another bone
Long Bone
Longer than it is wide;shaft with head at both ends
Short Bone
Cube shaped bones; mostly spongy bone
45 terms
anatomy chapter 7 vocab
amphiarthroses
appendicular skeleton
arthritis
articular cartilage
slightly moveable joints; example- bones in the wrist
bones of the limbs and girdle; arms, legs, and hips
over 100 different inflammatory diseases that damage the joints
hyaline cartilage that covers the ends of long bones
amphiarthroses
slightly moveable joints; example- bones in the wrist
appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs and girdle; arms, legs, and hips
116 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7:Bones
epiphysis
diaphysis
articular cartilage
periosteum
epiphysis
diaphysis
22 terms
Anatomy chapter 7
Afferent
Autonomic nervous system
Central nervous system
cerebrospinal fluid
nerve cells carrying impulses to or toward a center
The division of the nervous system that functions involuntary
the brain and the spinal cord (CNS)
fluid that surrounds the central nervous system (CSF)
Afferent
nerve cells carrying impulses to or toward a center
Autonomic nervous system
The division of the nervous system that functions involuntary
70 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
Larynx
Epiglottis
Thyroid Cartilage
Cricoid Cartilage
Composed of 9 cartilages including thyroid, cricoid, and epig…
Flap that closes over the trachea when food is swallowed, pre…
-Shield-shaped cartilage... -Known as "Adams Apple"... -Located inf…
-Inferior to the thyroid cartilage ... -It is the only cartilage…
Larynx
Composed of 9 cartilages including thyroid, cricoid, and epig…
Epiglottis
Flap that closes over the trachea when food is swallowed, pre…
97 terms
Chapter 7 anatomy
long bone
short bone
sesamoid bone
flat bone
elongated, expanded ends... ex: femur
cube like... ex: wrist bones
develop in tendons... ex: patella
plate like, broad surfaces... ex: scapula
long bone
elongated, expanded ends... ex: femur
short bone
cube like... ex: wrist bones
49 terms
Chapter 7 Anatomy Review
afferent
integration
efferent
neuroglia
consists of nerves that convey impulses to the central nervou…
processes and interprets the sensory input and decides what s…
carries impulses from CNS to effector organs, the muscles and…
includes many types of cells that generally support, insulate…
afferent
consists of nerves that convey impulses to the central nervou…
integration
processes and interprets the sensory input and decides what s…
anatomy chapter 7 vocab
cerebrum
gyri
sulci
fissure
larger superior portion of the brain responsible for memory,…
elevated ridges if tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemi…
shallow grooves that separate gyri
less numerous deeper grooves
cerebrum
larger superior portion of the brain responsible for memory,…
gyri
elevated ridges if tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemi…
53 terms
Anatomy chapter 7
Irritability
Neuromuscular junction
Action potential
Contractility
The capacity of a muscle to respond to a stimulus
The point where a motor fiber contacts with a muscle cell
The electrical change transmitted along the muscle cell membr…
The capacity of a muscle fiber to undergo shortening
Irritability
The capacity of a muscle to respond to a stimulus
Neuromuscular junction
The point where a motor fiber contacts with a muscle cell
36 terms
Anatomy Study guide chapter 7
Epiphysis
Diaphyses
Periosteum
Articular Cartilage
expanded end of bone, forms joint with adjacent bone
shaft bone
tough, vascular layer of connective tissue that covers bone
covers epiphyses
Epiphysis
expanded end of bone, forms joint with adjacent bone
Diaphyses
shaft bone
131 terms
Anatomy Chapter 7
How many bones are in the human skeleton
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
The skull is divided into... (2 parts)
206
80 bones total arranged into skull, vertebral column, and tho…
bones of the upper and lower limbs as well as their attachmen…
Cranial bones and facial bones
How many bones are in the human skeleton
206
Axial skeleton
80 bones total arranged into skull, vertebral column, and tho…
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