Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 8 skeletal system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 8 skeletal system"

123 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Condyle
Facet
Skull, vertebrae, sternum, ribs, sacrum, and hyoid
Pectoral girdle, Upper extremity, Pelvic girdle, Lower extrem…
A rounded knob that articulates with another bone
A smooth, flat, slightly concave or convex articular surface
Axial Skeleton
Skull, vertebrae, sternum, ribs, sacrum, and hyoid
Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral girdle, Upper extremity, Pelvic girdle, Lower extrem…
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
Diaphysis
Medullary Cavity
Epiphyses
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... Hematopoiesis
"shaft" hollow tube made of hard, compact bone; rigid and str…
The hollow area inside the shaft of a bone, contains yellow b…
"ends" of a bone, red bone marrow fills in the holes of this…
Five Functions of the Skeletal System
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... Hematopoiesis
Diaphysis
"shaft" hollow tube made of hard, compact bone; rigid and str…
29 terms
Chapter 8: skeletal system, Anatomy
synarthrosis ( how movable )
ampiarthrosis ( how movable )
diarthrosis (how movable)
plane joint
- virtually immovable ... - the bony edges are quite close toget…
- slightly movable ... - permits more movement than a synarthrot…
- freely movable ... - provide a wide range of motion as typical…
- articular surfaces are flat and only allow for short glidin…
synarthrosis ( how movable )
- virtually immovable ... - the bony edges are quite close toget…
ampiarthrosis ( how movable )
- slightly movable ... - permits more movement than a synarthrot…
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Compact bone
Trabeculae
Epiphyseal disc
Periosteum
Dense, hard type of bone
Bony plates found in spongy bone
Band of hyaline cartilage at ends of long bone; longitudinal…
Tough outer connective tissue covering the diaphysis of a lon…
Compact bone
Dense, hard type of bone
Trabeculae
Bony plates found in spongy bone
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Bone that articulates with the radius…
Femur
Fibia
Tarsals
Ulna
Head of this large bone that articulates with the acetabulum…
Bone that is lateral to the tibia
Bones that are distal to the tibia and fibula and proximal to…
Bone that articulates with the radius…
Ulna
Femur
Head of this large bone that articulates with the acetabulum…
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Coxal bone
Coxal bone
Symphysis pubis
Trochanter
Bone that contains the obturator foramen
Composed of the pubis, ischium, and ilium
Cartilaginous disc between the two pubic bones; the disc expa…
Bony process on the femur
Coxal bone
Bone that contains the obturator foramen
Coxal bone
Composed of the pubis, ischium, and ilium
14 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8- The Skeletal System
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Number of bones
Foramina
Forms central supporting axis of body; skull, vertebrae, ster…
Pectoral girdle, upper and lower extremity, and pelvic girdle
206 bones in typical adult skeleton ... Skull- most complex par…
Holes in the skull that allow passage for nerves and blood ve…
Axial skeleton
Forms central supporting axis of body; skull, vertebrae, ster…
Appendicular skeleton
Pectoral girdle, upper and lower extremity, and pelvic girdle
49 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8- The Skeletal System
The adult skeleton has ___ bones
The fetal skeleton has ___ bones
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
206 bones
over 350 bones
80 bones -includes the skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage
126 bones-upper and lower extremities and their associated pe…
The adult skeleton has ___ bones
206 bones
The fetal skeleton has ___ bones
over 350 bones
Anatomy Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Functions of Skeletal System
Four major types of bones
Structure of the longbow
diaphysis
Provides internal framework that supports the body... Protects…
Long... Short... Flat... Irregular
below ... |... |... |... |
Main shaft of longbone
Functions of Skeletal System
Provides internal framework that supports the body... Protects…
Four major types of bones
Long... Short... Flat... Irregular
24 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy -- Skeletal System
Skeletal system
Calcium and phosphorus
Skeleton
Osteoporosis
Consists of bones, joints, and cartilage/ligaments; contains…
Nonliving material contained in the bone tissue
Greek word for "dried-up body"
Mainly found in post-menopausal women; a condition where the…
Skeletal system
Consists of bones, joints, and cartilage/ligaments; contains…
Calcium and phosphorus
Nonliving material contained in the bone tissue
Anatomy Chapter 8: Skeletal System
What are the functions of the skeletal…
The skeletal system is composed of what?
Long bones
Short bones
supports body weight, supports and protects soft organs, work…
Bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments
Found in upper and lower extremities
Shaped like cubes, found mostly in wrists and ankles
What are the functions of the skeletal…
supports body weight, supports and protects soft organs, work…
The skeletal system is composed of what?
Bones, joints, cartilage, and ligaments
50 terms
Chapter 8 - Anatomy of the Skeletal System
Orthopedics
Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Bony framework on which the body is built. Composed of 206 bo…
Consists of the bones of the head, chest, and back.
Consists of the bones of the shoulders, arms, hips, and legs.
Orthopedics
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Skeletal System
Bony framework on which the body is built. Composed of 206 bo…
78 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Articulations of the Skeletal System
joint
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis (synovial)
2 bones coming together
no movement, force is evenly applied
slight movement
freely movable (ex: wrist, ankle, knee, elbow, hip, etc.)
joint
2 bones coming together
synarthrosis
no movement, force is evenly applied
326 terms
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY chapter 8 skeletal system
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
sutural bone
auditory ossicle
bones of the head and trunk, excluding the pectoral and pelvi…
bones of the limbs, including the bones of the pectoral and p…
any of several irregular bones that are located along the sut…
three small bones of the middle ear that help carry sound fro…
axial skeleton
bones of the head and trunk, excluding the pectoral and pelvi…
appendicular skeleton
bones of the limbs, including the bones of the pectoral and p…
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8: The Skeletal System
skeletal system
206
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
system that includes bones, ligaments, tendons, joints, etc.
the number of bones found in a human adult is ________?
composed of 80 bones in the center of the body
composed of 126 bones in the extremities
skeletal system
system that includes bones, ligaments, tendons, joints, etc.
206
the number of bones found in a human adult is ________?
Anatomy Chapter 8: Articulations of the Skeletal System
joint
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis (synovial)
2 bones coming together
no movement, force is evenly applied
slight movement
freely movable (ex: wrist, ankle, knee, elbow, hip, etc.)
joint
2 bones coming together
synarthrosis
no movement, force is evenly applied
27 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 8: Skeletal Systems
Spongy bone is characterized by:
The main shaft-like portion of a long…
The dense, white fibrous membrane that…
The extracellular components of bone m…
open space partially filled by an assemblage of needle-like s…
diaphysis.
periosteum.
hard and calcified.
Spongy bone is characterized by:
open space partially filled by an assemblage of needle-like s…
The main shaft-like portion of a long…
diaphysis.
Chapter 8 - Anatomy of the Skeletal System
Orthopedics
Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Bony framework on which the body is built. Composed of 206 bo…
Consists of the bones of the head, chest, and back.
Consists of the bones of the shoulders, arms, hips, and legs.
Orthopedics
The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology…
Skeletal System
Bony framework on which the body is built. Composed of 206 bo…
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 - Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Depressions & openings
Projections
Divisons of the skeleton
1. Depressions & openings ... 2. Projections
1. Forms joints or allow nerves & blood vessels to pass throu…
1. Forms joints or allows tendons/ ligaments... 2. Eg. Head of h…
1. Axial skeleton... 2. Appendicular skeleton
Bone Markings
1. Depressions & openings ... 2. Projections
Depressions & openings
1. Forms joints or allow nerves & blood vessels to pass throu…
Hole's Anatomy Chapter 8-Joints of the Skeletal System
Ball and socket joint
Fibrous, Cartilaginous and Synovial
Synchondrosis
Synovial joint
Type of synovial joint
Structural classification of joints
Articulation between first rib and manubrium
Most movable joint
Ball and socket joint
Type of synovial joint
Fibrous, Cartilaginous and Synovial
Structural classification of joints
Anatomy Chapter 8: Skeletal System Anatomy
hyoid bone
vertebral column purpose
make up of vertebral column
body of vertebrae
slender, curved bone, inferior to the skull, between the mand…
transmits the weight of the trunk to lower limbs, provides ve…
7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacrum (fused)…
thick, anterior weight bearing structure
hyoid bone
slender, curved bone, inferior to the skull, between the mand…
vertebral column purpose
transmits the weight of the trunk to lower limbs, provides ve…
Chapter 8: Skeletal System
longitudinal section of long bone
Practice label: Normal spinal curvatur…
Abnormal spinal curvatures
vertebral column
longitudinal section of long bone
Practice label: Normal spinal curvatur…
Anatomy Chapter 8: The Skeletal System: Articulation
joints or articulations
joint
Articulation of bones... Allow movement b…
Enables resistance to crushing, tearin…
Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at
Greek root "arthro" means
Function of joints:
Structure of joints
joints or articulations
Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at
joint
Greek root "arthro" means
130 terms
Ch 8 - Anatomy - Saladin - Skeletal System (A & P 1)
sutures
cranial bones
frontal lobe of brain corresponds with…
temporal lobe of brain corresponds wit…
immovable joints that unite cranial bones
skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid,…
anterior (frontal bone +)
middle (parietal bone +)
sutures
immovable joints that unite cranial bones
cranial bones
skull bones: ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid,…
Chapter 8 - Skeletal System
Axial skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Frontal bone
Temporal bone
Bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage; 80 bones
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder, and hip; 126 bo…
Axial skeleton
Bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage; 80 bones
Appendicular skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder, and hip; 126 bo…
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Joints of the Skeletal System
Articulation
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
Diarthroses
Joints or articulation are functional joints between bones. T…
Immovable joints. (functional) ... Ex: sutures of skull
Slightly movable joints (functional)... Ex: intervertebral discs…
Freely movable joints (functional)... Ex: joints of appendicular…
Articulation
Joints or articulation are functional joints between bones. T…
Synarthroses
Immovable joints. (functional) ... Ex: sutures of skull
173 terms
Chapter 8- Skeletal System
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
206
sesamoid bones
-forms central supporting axis... -contains 80 bones... - skull, ve…
-pectoral girdle, upper and lower extremities, pelvic girdles…
number of bones in adult skeleton
bones that form within a tendon (patella)
axial skeleton
-forms central supporting axis... -contains 80 bones... - skull, ve…
appendicular skeleton
-pectoral girdle, upper and lower extremities, pelvic girdles…
44 terms
Joints of the Skeletal System Chapter 8 Anatomy and Physiology
Bind bones, allow bones to grow, and e…
Articulations
Degree of movement possible at the joint
Syndesmosis, suture, and gomphosis
Joints
Joints are also called
Classifying joints as synarthrotic, amphiarthrotic, or diarth…
Types of fibrous joints include
Bind bones, allow bones to grow, and e…
Joints
Articulations
Joints are also called
46 terms
Comparative Anatomy - Chapter 8 & 9 (Skeletal System)
Limbs
Decrease
No
Both
One way turtles can breathe is by sucking air into their lung…
One way turtles can inhale is by contracting their posterior…
Do fish have a sternum?
Do fish have a cartilaginous or ossified endoskeleton?
Limbs
One way turtles can breathe is by sucking air into their lung…
Decrease
One way turtles can inhale is by contracting their posterior…
Chapter 8 - Skeletal System
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... He…
Diaphysis
Epiphysis
Medullary cavity
5 functions of the skeletal system
The shaft of the long bone, hollow hard tube made of compact…
Bulged ends of the long bone, red bone marrow fills in the sm…
Hollow area inside the diaphysis, contains yellow bone marrow
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage... He…
5 functions of the skeletal system
Diaphysis
The shaft of the long bone, hollow hard tube made of compact…
Chapter 8-Skeletal System
Appendicular Skeleton
Axial Skeleton
Cranium
Fontanel
Bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body.
The bones of the head, neck, and torso.
Bony vault, made up of eight bones, that encases the brain.
"Soft spots" where ossification is incomplete at birth; allow…
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the upper and lower extremities of the body.
Axial Skeleton
The bones of the head, neck, and torso.
Anatomy Chapter 8 Muscular System STRUCTURE OF A SKELETAL MUSCLE
fascia
myofibrils
myosin and actin
sacromeres
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
play a fundamental role in muscle contraction, composed of 2…
a type of protein filament that interacts with actin filament…
the smallest contractile unit of muscle: striations form a re…
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
myofibrils
play a fundamental role in muscle contraction, composed of 2…
82 terms
Chapter 8: Skeletal System
long bones
short bones
flat bones
irregular bones
longer than they are wide. found int he arms and the legs
shaped like cubes and are found primarily in the wrists in an…
thin, flat and curved. form the ribs, breastbone and skull
differently shaped and are not classified as long, short of f…
long bones
longer than they are wide. found int he arms and the legs
short bones
shaped like cubes and are found primarily in the wrists in an…
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Skeletal System
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
frontal lobe
parietal lobe
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle and…
high-order cognitive functions; motor function
sensory information integration
axial skeleton
forms the central supporting axis of the body, includes the s…
appendicular skeleton
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle and…
205 terms
CHAPTER 8: Skeletal System
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
206
sesamoid bones
-forms central supporting axis of the body... -skull, vertebrae,…
-pectoral girdle... -upper extremity... -pelvic girdle... -lower extre…
what is the number of bones in the typical adult skeleton?
ex: patella
axial skeleton
-forms central supporting axis of the body... -skull, vertebrae,…
appendicular skeleton
-pectoral girdle... -upper extremity... -pelvic girdle... -lower extre…
Chapter 8 The Skeletal System
3 types of joints
Sutures
gomphosis
synchondrosis
synarthrosis- immovable... amphiarthrosis- slightly movable... diar…
joints found in skull that interlock together
joints between teeth and jaw bones, periodontal ligaments of…
joint within epiphysis of bone, bonds diaphysis to epiphysis
3 types of joints
synarthrosis- immovable... amphiarthrosis- slightly movable... diar…
Sutures
joints found in skull that interlock together
74 terms
Chapter 8 - The Skeletal System
What are the two regions of the skelet…
Number of bones in the body
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular skeleton
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
206
skull, vertebrae, sternum, ribs, sacrum and hyoid
pectoral girdle, upper extremiity, pelvic girdle, lower extre…
What are the two regions of the skelet…
Axial skeleton, Appendicular skeleton
Number of bones in the body
206
14 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8 'Joints of the Skeletal System' Table 8.1
Type of Joint - Fibrous
Type of Joint - Fibrous... 1. Syndesmosis…
Type of Joint - Fibrous... 2. Suture (syn…
Type of Joint - Fibrous... 3. Gomphosis (…
Description... - Articulating bones fasten together by thin laye…
Description... -Bones bound by interosseous ligament... Possible M…
Description... - Flat bones united by sutural ligament... Possible…
Description... -Cone-shaped process fastened in bony socket by p…
Type of Joint - Fibrous
Description... - Articulating bones fasten together by thin laye…
Type of Joint - Fibrous... 1. Syndesmosis…
Description... -Bones bound by interosseous ligament... Possible M…
Chapter 8 - Skeletal System
206
Vitamin D
Osteogenesis
Osteoblasts
number of bones in adult skeleton
essential for calcium absorption
ossification
bone building cells that secretes components of bone matrix
206
number of bones in adult skeleton
Vitamin D
essential for calcium absorption
Chapter 8 The Skeletal System
How many bones in the body
The skeleton is divided into 2 sections
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
206
Axial and Appendicular
Skull,hyoid,vertebrae,sternum,and ribs
Pectoral girdle, upper limb bones, pelvic girdle, lower limb…
How many bones in the body
206
The skeleton is divided into 2 sections
Axial and Appendicular
skeletal system chapter 8
Cranium
Frontal bone
Supraorbital margins
Anterior cranial fossa
An oval, bony case that protects the brain.
Bone that makes the forehead
the superior rim of the eye sockets.
is the depression in the floor of the cranial base that house…
Cranium
An oval, bony case that protects the brain.
Frontal bone
Bone that makes the forehead
Chapter 8 Skeletal System
False
True
False
False
Condyles are found in the axial skeleton only.
Trochanters are unique to the femur.
The mastoid process cannot be palpated on a living person.
Paranasal sinuses are lined by mucous membranes, and filled w…
False
Condyles are found in the axial skeleton only.
True
Trochanters are unique to the femur.
Chapter 8: the skeletal system
Articulation
Diaphysis
Hematopoiesis
Medullary cavity
Place of junction between two or more bones of the skeleton;…
Shaft of a long bone
Blood cell formation
Hollow area inside the diaphysis of the bone that contains ye…
Articulation
Place of junction between two or more bones of the skeleton;…
Diaphysis
Shaft of a long bone
Skeletal system chapter 8
Facial bones
How many facial bones do we have and w…
Name the 14 facial bones
Maxillary Facial Bone
those that have no direct contact with the brain or meninges
14-... support the teeth... give shape and individuality to the fac…
2 maxillae 2 nasal bones... 2 palatine bones 2 inferior nasal co…
largest facial bones... forms upper jaw and meet each other at a…
Facial bones
those that have no direct contact with the brain or meninges
How many facial bones do we have and w…
14-... support the teeth... give shape and individuality to the fac…
24 terms
Chapter 8 skeletal system
frontal bone
zygomatic bone
sphenoid bone
hyoid bone
butterfly shape
single bone, attached other any bones... floating
frontal bone
zygomatic bone
33 terms
Chapter 8 Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skelton
Seasamoid Bones
Sutural/ wormian bones
Forms the central supporting axis of the body
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle and…
bones that form within some tendons in response to strain
extra bones in the skull
Axial Skeleton
Forms the central supporting axis of the body
Appendicular Skelton
includes the bones of the upper limb and pectoral girdle and…
Chapter 8-Skeletal System
What are the two divisions in the skel…
How many bones are in the appendicular…
How many bones are in the axial part?
What are the two different parts of th…
Appendicular and Axial
126
80
Cranium:(occipital bone, 2 temporal bones, 2 parietal bones,…
What are the two divisions in the skel…
Appendicular and Axial
How many bones are in the appendicular…
126
77 terms
Chapter 8: skeletal system
superior
anterior
posterior
inferior
above
front
back
lower
superior
above
anterior
front
105 terms
Chapter 8: Skeletal System
270
206
facet
condyle
number of bones in newborn skeleton
number of bones in adult skeleton
a smooth, flat, slightly concave or convex articular surface
rounded knob that articulates with another bone
270
number of bones in newborn skeleton
206
number of bones in adult skeleton
25 terms
Chapter 8 The Skeletal System
Occipital Bone
Temporal Bone
Maxilla Bone
Mandible Bone
relating to the area at the back of the lower skull
relating to time or to the side of the head; muscle that assi…
Upper jawbones; also helps form roof of mouth, floor, and sid…
Lower jawbone articulates with temporal bone at condyloid pro…
Occipital Bone
relating to the area at the back of the lower skull
Temporal Bone
relating to time or to the side of the head; muscle that assi…
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