Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 8"

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10 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Definition of a flat bone
Definition of a long bone
Definition of a short bone
Definition of an irregular bone
Bone that is plate-like. Example: sternum
Bone that is longer than it is wide. Example: fibula
Bone that is shaped like a cube. Example: triquetrum
Bone that doesn't fit any other category. Example: atlas
Definition of a flat bone
Bone that is plate-like. Example: sternum
Definition of a long bone
Bone that is longer than it is wide. Example: fibula
220 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
4 bones
60 bones
2 bones
60 bones
how many bones in the pectoral girdle
how many bones in the upper limb
how many bones in the pelvic girdle
how many bones in the lower limb
4 bones
how many bones in the pectoral girdle
60 bones
how many bones in the upper limb
28 terms
Human Anatomy: Chapter 8 Vocabulary
Articulation
Fibrous Joint
Cartilaginous Joint
Synovial Joint
Where two or more bones meet; also known as a skeletal joint
A skeletal joint consisting of many fibers (EX: Suture)
Two or more bones joined by cartilage (EX: Intervertebral Joi…
A freely movable joint. the most common skeletal joint. Enclo…
Articulation
Where two or more bones meet; also known as a skeletal joint
Fibrous Joint
A skeletal joint consisting of many fibers (EX: Suture)
73 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Joints
ARTICULATIONS
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
DEGREE OF MOTION OF JOINTS
STRUCTURAL CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
1. structure... 2. movement
(1) synarthrotic... (2) amphiarthrotic... (3) diarthrotic
(1) fibrous joints... (2) cartilaginous joints... (3) synovial joints
ARTICULATIONS
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
1. structure... 2. movement
Anatomy Chapter 8
Hair cells
Refraction
Taste buds
Retina
Hearing receptors
process of bending light rays
receptors for the sense of taste on the tongue, roof of mouth…
light sensitive layer of eye: contains rods and cones
Hair cells
Hearing receptors
Refraction
process of bending light rays
60 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy
Fibrous Joints
Cartilaginous joint
Synovial joint
joint
Dense connective tissues connect bone... Between bones in close…
hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage connects bone
most complex, free movement
functional junctions between bones
Fibrous Joints
Dense connective tissues connect bone... Between bones in close…
Cartilaginous joint
hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage connects bone
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Joint
Functions of Joints
Classification of Joints
Fibrous Joints
A site where two or more bones meet
Allow mobility of the skeleton, hold the skeleton together
Based on the material which binds bones together
Immovable joints held together by fibrous connective tissue
Joint
A site where two or more bones meet
Functions of Joints
Allow mobility of the skeleton, hold the skeleton together
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
blood cells
Diaphysis
Periosteum
Cancellous
The skeletal system function of hematopoiesis refers to the p…
Which term refers to the shaft of a long bone?
Which is the strong fibrous membrane covering most of the lon…
Which term refers to the ends of a long bone?
blood cells
The skeletal system function of hematopoiesis refers to the p…
Diaphysis
Which term refers to the shaft of a long bone?
Chapter 8 Anatomy Terms
Actin
Agonist
Antagonist
Aponeuroses
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
A contracting muscle whose action is opposed by another muscle
A muscle that opposes a prime mover
A sheet of connective tissue that attached muscle
Actin
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Agonist
A contracting muscle whose action is opposed by another muscle
Anatomy Chapter 8
Trapezius
Deltoid
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
extends from thoracic vertebrae to occipital and across clavi…
covers the shoulder... extends the humerus
across the chest... moves arms across the chest
outer surface of the ribs... pulling the scapula downward
Trapezius
extends from thoracic vertebrae to occipital and across clavi…
Deltoid
covers the shoulder... extends the humerus
36 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Appendicular Skeleton
Pectoral Girdle
Clavicle
Scapula
Includes the pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, and…
4 bones total, consists of the scapulae and the clavicles. Fo…
Long bone. Has a sternal (flat) end and an acromial (round) e…
Flat bone. Articulates with the clavicle and the humerus. Inc…
Appendicular Skeleton
Includes the pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, and…
Pectoral Girdle
4 bones total, consists of the scapulae and the clavicles. Fo…
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 8 - Joints
Three types of fibrous joints
Suture
Syndesmoses
Gomphoses
Suture... Syndesmoses ... Gomphoses
Bones are held together by minimal fiber; only found in the s…
Bones are held together by ligaments and there is slight to m…
Peg-in-socket joint that is only found in the alveolar margin…
Three types of fibrous joints
Suture... Syndesmoses ... Gomphoses
Suture
Bones are held together by minimal fiber; only found in the s…
Anatomy Chapter 8
Joints (articulations)
Joints are classified based on:
Joints can be classified based on thei…
Sutures
exist wherever two or more bones meet... Direct contact or indir…
Function... Range of motion... Structure... Makeup of the joint
Synarthrosis ... Amphiarthrosis... Diarthrosis
(joints found only in the skull)
Joints (articulations)
exist wherever two or more bones meet... Direct contact or indir…
Joints are classified based on:
Function... Range of motion... Structure... Makeup of the joint
111 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Extrinsic eye muscles, eyelids, conjun…
Medial and lateral commissure (canthus)
Palpebral fissure
Tarsal glands
Accessory structures of the eye
Medial and lateral corner of the eyes
Space between eyelids in an open eye
Modified subcutaneous glands associated with the eyelid edges…
Extrinsic eye muscles, eyelids, conjun…
Accessory structures of the eye
Medial and lateral commissure (canthus)
Medial and lateral corner of the eyes
92 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Functions of the Brain
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Association Neurons
Nutrients needed for Energy
1. Receives Sensory input... 2. Processes and Interprets Data... 3.…
Brain & Spinal Cord
Use AP to get messages to other neurons
Glucose and Oxygen
Functions of the Brain
1. Receives Sensory input... 2. Processes and Interprets Data... 3.…
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain & Spinal Cord
49 terms
Chapter 8 Vocab- Anatomy
multipolar structure
bipolar structure
unipolar structure
afferent function (sensory)
1 axon, many dendrite branches
1 cell body, 2 branches
1 cell body, 1 branch split into 2 divisions
takes information into the CNS from the body
multipolar structure
1 axon, many dendrite branches
bipolar structure
1 cell body, 2 branches
60 terms
Chapter 8-anatomy
What two ways do we classify joints?
Structural
What are the three structural classes…
Functional
Structural and Functional
based on major connective tissue type that binds bones
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
based on degree of motion
What two ways do we classify joints?
Structural and Functional
Structural
based on major connective tissue type that binds bones
99 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Joints
ARTICULATIONS
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
DEGREE OF MOTION OF JOINTS
(1) synarthrotic
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
1. structure... 2. movement
(1) synarthrotic... (2) amphiarthrotic... (3) diarthrotic
immovable joints ... (syn=without)
ARTICULATIONS
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
1. structure... 2. movement
103 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
The Pectoral Girdle
Girdle means
The pectoral girdle is more versatile,…
The axial skeleton forms the central a…
The bones that attach each upper limb to the axial skeleton f…
One or more supporting bones, connect limb to trunk
pelvic girdle is stronger
the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
The Pectoral Girdle
The bones that attach each upper limb to the axial skeleton f…
Girdle means
One or more supporting bones, connect limb to trunk
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 8
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/DIAPHYSIS (SHA…
STRUCTURE OF LONG BONES/MEDULLARY CAVITY
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
HOLLOW TUBE OF HARD COMPACT BONE
HOLLOW SPACE INSIDE THE DIAPHYSIS THAT CONTAINS YELLOW MARROW
FUNCTION OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
1.) PROVIDES INTERNAL FRAMEWORK THAT SUPPORTS THE BODY... 2.) PR…
4 MAJOR TYPES OF BONES, ACCORDING TO O…
1.)LONG - EX. HUMERUS (UPPER ARM)... 2.)SHORT - EX. CARPALS (WRI…
16 terms
Anatomy Vocab Chapter 8
1) Joint (articulation)
2) Synarthroses
3) Amphiarthroses
4) Diathroses
The site where two or more joints meet... - They hold us toget…
Immovable joints... - Mostly in the Axial skeleton
Slightly movable joints... - Largely restricted to the axial s…
Freely movable joints... - Predominate joint in the limbs
1) Joint (articulation)
The site where two or more joints meet... - They hold us toget…
2) Synarthroses
Immovable joints... - Mostly in the Axial skeleton
71 terms
anatomy chapter 8
synarthrosis
amphiarthrosis
diarthrosis
sutures
immovable joint
slightly movable joint
freely movable joint
only in skull... bones interlocked together... synarthrosis
synarthrosis
immovable joint
amphiarthrosis
slightly movable joint
28 terms
Chapter 8 Hip/Pelvis Anatomy
Acetabulum
Adductor Brevis
Adductor Longus
Adductor Magnus
Acetabulum
Adductor Brevis
55 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
nearly half the body's mass
primary function of muscle
overview of muscle functions
3 types of muscle tissue
muscle
contraction for movement
produce body movements, maintain posture, generate body heat,…
skeletal, cardiac, smooth
nearly half the body's mass
muscle
primary function of muscle
contraction for movement
95 terms
Anatomy Lecture Chapter 8
4 Types of Bones
Bone Markings that characterize each b…
Projections
Depressions, grooves, and openings
Flat, irregular, long, and short
Projections, smooth areas, depressions, grooves, and openings
where muscles, tendons, and ligaments attach
Where blood vessels and nerves travel
4 Types of Bones
Flat, irregular, long, and short
Bone Markings that characterize each b…
Projections, smooth areas, depressions, grooves, and openings
90 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 8: Joints
Joints functions
Joints structural classificatication
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
-dense connective tissues connect bones... -between bones in clo…
hyaline cartilage or fibricartilage connect bones
Joints functions
-bind parts of skeletal system together... -make bone growth pos…
Joints structural classificatication
-fibrous joints... -cartilaginous joints... -synovial joints
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
List 3 functions of the nervous system
List the 2 divisions
What parts are involved in the CNS?
What is the function of the interneuro…
1. Monitors internal and external environment ... 2. Integrates…
1. Central Nervous System (CNS)... 2. Peripheral Nervous System…
Brain, spinal cord both contain interneurons
Process info
List 3 functions of the nervous system
1. Monitors internal and external environment ... 2. Integrates…
List the 2 divisions
1. Central Nervous System (CNS)... 2. Peripheral Nervous System…
21 terms
Dahl Anatomy Joints, Chapter 8
acetabul
annul
arth
burs
vinegar cup
ring
joint
bag,purse
acetabul
vinegar cup
annul
ring
Anatomy: Chapter 8
Actin
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Fascia
Thin protein filaments
Opposes prime movers actions
Broad fibrous sheets of connective tissue that attach adjacen…
Layers of fibrous connective tissue
Actin
Thin protein filaments
Antagonist
Opposes prime movers actions
Anatomy - Chapter 8 - Nervous System
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
neurons
neuroglia
brain and spinal cord
cranial and spinal nervous
nerve cells that transmit impulses
support and nourish neurons
central nervous system
brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system
cranial and spinal nervous
Anatomy Chapter 8
Articulation(joints)
Functions of joints
Two classifications of Joints
Functional
Site where two or more bones meet... Weakest parts of skeleton
Give skeleton mobility... Hold skeleton together
Functional-amount of movement allowed ... Structural-materials a…
Amount of movement joint allows
Articulation(joints)
Site where two or more bones meet... Weakest parts of skeleton
Functions of joints
Give skeleton mobility... Hold skeleton together
27 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Actin
Agonist
Antagonists
Aponeuroses
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
also known as the prime mover, this is the muscle providing m…
the muscle that resists the prime mover's action and causes m…
broad fibrous sheets of connective tissue that attaches muscles
Actin
A protein that forms filaments that slide between filaments o…
Agonist
also known as the prime mover, this is the muscle providing m…
87 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy
Joints (articulations)
Joints are classified based on:
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
exist wherever two or more bones meet; may be in direct conta…
function (range of motion) and structure (makeup of the joint)
function; immovable
function; slightly movable
Joints (articulations)
exist wherever two or more bones meet; may be in direct conta…
Joints are classified based on:
function (range of motion) and structure (makeup of the joint)
Anatomy Chapter 8: Muscles
Buccinator
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Masseter
horizontally running muscle, lines inside of cheek to help yo…
Lining Forehead, helps to raise your eyebrows
Lines the back of your skull; helps to raise your eyebrows
Vertically runs along the back of your cheek towards your ear…
Buccinator
horizontally running muscle, lines inside of cheek to help yo…
Frontalis
Lining Forehead, helps to raise your eyebrows
12 terms
Chapter 8 anatomy
Pectoral girdle
True
costal tuberosity
styloid process
It consist of the left and right clavicles and left and right…
True or false? Because the scapula is not directly attached t…
The prominence on the inferior side of the sternal end of the…
If you palpate the bony projection on the lateral side of you…
Pectoral girdle
It consist of the left and right clavicles and left and right…
True
True or false? Because the scapula is not directly attached t…
34 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 diagrams
Sclera
Ciliary body
Cornea
Lens
Sclera
Ciliary body
106 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smoot…
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Name the 3 types of muscle tissue
Has intercalated disks, branches, centrally located nuclei, s…
Attached to bones, Voluntarily controlled unless it's a refle…
Located in walls of hollow glands, blood vessels, eyes, and s…
skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smoot…
Name the 3 types of muscle tissue
Cardiac Muscle
Has intercalated disks, branches, centrally located nuclei, s…
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Boundaries of the Abdominopelvic Cavity
Rectus Abdominus
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Anterior and Lateral: abdominal muscles & bony pelvis... Posteri…
-Originates at pubis... -Inserts at xiphoid process of the stern…
-Originates at borders of ribs 5-12... -Inserts at Linea Alba... (M…
-Originates at lumbodorsal fascia and iliac crest... -Inserts at…
Boundaries of the Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anterior and Lateral: abdominal muscles & bony pelvis... Posteri…
Rectus Abdominus
-Originates at pubis... -Inserts at xiphoid process of the stern…
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Aponeurosis
ATPase
Oxygen Debt
Origin
Sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscles to muscles
Enzyme that releases energy stored in the terminal phosphate…
Amount of oxygen required following physical exercise to reac…
End of the muscle that attaches to a relatively immovable part
Aponeurosis
Sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscles to muscles
ATPase
Enzyme that releases energy stored in the terminal phosphate…
91 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Articulations
Joints are classified based on:
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis... (Synovial joints)
Function: range of motion... Structure: Makeup of the joint
Immovable.... Ex. Sutures, Synchondrosis, Gomphosis, Synchondros…
Slightly movable... Ex. Syndesmosis, Symphysis,
Freely movable... -typically found at the ends of long bones... Ex.…
Joints are classified based on:
Function: range of motion... Structure: Makeup of the joint
Synarthrosis
Immovable.... Ex. Sutures, Synchondrosis, Gomphosis, Synchondros…
65 terms
Anatomy chapter 8
Calat-
Erg-
Inter-
Laten-
Something insterted
Work
Between
Hidden
Calat-
Something insterted
Erg-
Work
18 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy
Sensory
Na/K Exchange Pump
Interneuron
An action potential
What type of neuron recieves information from monitoring our…
Which membrane transports proteins are responsible for gettin…
What type of Neuron resides in the Central Nervous system?
What is another name for an electrical impulse that will trav…
Sensory
What type of neuron recieves information from monitoring our…
Na/K Exchange Pump
Which membrane transports proteins are responsible for gettin…
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Vocabulary
calat
erg
hyper
inter
something inserted
work
over, more
between
calat
something inserted
erg
work
Anatomy Chapter 8
Fascia
Myosin
Actin
Sarcomeres
Sheet of dense connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
Protein that, with actin, forms the filaments that interact t…
Protein in a muscle fiber that forms filaments that slide bet…
Structural and functional unit of a myofibril.
Fascia
Sheet of dense connective tissue that encloses a muscle.
Myosin
Protein that, with actin, forms the filaments that interact t…
99 terms
Chapter 8 Anatomy
joints are also called
two classfications of joints
if a structural fibrous joint is synar…
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial a…
articulations
structural and functional
immovable; most are actually like this
structural
joints are also called
articulations
two classfications of joints
structural and functional
221 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
how many bones in the pectoral girdle
how many bones in the upper limb
how many bones in the pelvic girdle
how many bones in the lower limb
4 bones
60 bones
2 bones
60 bones
how many bones in the pectoral girdle
4 bones
how many bones in the upper limb
60 bones
Anatomy - Chapter 8: Joints
Classification of joints
Fibrous joints
Cartilaginous joints
Synovial joints
- synarthrosis: immovable joints ... - amphiarthroses: slightly…
bones joined by collagen fibres of connective tissue and no j…
Bones united by cartilage ... synchondrosis: immovable joints jo…
- articular cartilage: hyaline cartilage that covers opposing…
Classification of joints
- synarthrosis: immovable joints ... - amphiarthroses: slightly…
Fibrous joints
bones joined by collagen fibres of connective tissue and no j…
68 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8
Frontal bone (1)... Parietal bone (2)... Occ…
Zygomatic, Lacrimal, Nasal bone, Infer…
Temperomandibular joint
Thoracic Cage
Cranial bones
Facial bones (14)
Joint between the temporal bones and the mandible
Rib cage with 12 pairs of ribs
Frontal bone (1)... Parietal bone (2)... Occ…
Cranial bones
Zygomatic, Lacrimal, Nasal bone, Infer…
Facial bones (14)
99 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Joints
ARTICULATIONS
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
DEGREE OF MOTION OF JOINTS
(1) synarthrotic
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
1. structure... 2. movement
(1) synarthrotic... (2) amphiarthrotic... (3) diarthrotic
immovable joints ... (syn=without)
ARTICULATIONS
1. functional junctions between bones... 2. bind parts of the sk…
2 WAYS TO CLASSIFY JOINTS
1. structure... 2. movement
Anatomy Chapter 8
Sternoclavicular joint
Acromioclavicular joint
Glenohumeral Joint (Shoulder)
Scapula Notch
Connects sternum to clavicle
Connects lateral clavicle and the scapula
involves articulation between the glenoid cavity of the scapu…
Notch in the Scapula
Sternoclavicular joint
Connects sternum to clavicle
Acromioclavicular joint
Connects lateral clavicle and the scapula
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