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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 9 special senses"

31 terms
chapter 9 special senses anatomy
Cornea
Sclera
Choroid
Ciliary body
Clear layer that coats the iris and front of the eye. It is c…
Is the white layer that coats the rest of the eye. It is comp…
Lines the sclera from inside and supplies it with blood
Is the lens and it's muscles are attached to it.
Cornea
Clear layer that coats the iris and front of the eye. It is c…
Sclera
Is the white layer that coats the rest of the eye. It is comp…
42 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 - General and Special Senses
Sensory receptor
Receptive field
Sensation
Perception
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
Area monitored by a single receptor cell
Arriving info at the CNS in form of action potentials
Conscious awareness of a sensation
Sensory receptor
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
Receptive field
Area monitored by a single receptor cell
9 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 General & Special Senses
Sensory receptor... Receptive field... Sen…
General senses... Special senses
Receptors:... Nociceptors... Thermorecepto…
Pain receptors... Temperature receptors…
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
Temperature, pain, touch, pressure, vibration & proprioceptio…
Stimuli:... Pain... Temperature... Chemical stimuli... Touch, pressur…
Temperature extremes, mechanical damage, & dissolved chemical…
Sensory receptor... Receptive field... Sen…
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
General senses... Special senses
Temperature, pain, touch, pressure, vibration & proprioceptio…
79 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Special Senses Vision
what are the accessory structures of t…
this structure of the eye is a continu…
where do two eyelids connect?
this structure of eye are robust hairs…
eyelids; superficial epithelium of eye; structures associated…
eyelids (palpebrae)
medial canthus and lateral canthus
eyelashes
what are the accessory structures of t…
eyelids; superficial epithelium of eye; structures associated…
this structure of the eye is a continu…
eyelids (palpebrae)
65 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Special Senses Hearing and Equilibrium
what are the divisions of the ear
what parts of the ear are part of the…
what structure of the external ear sur…
what structure of the external ear dnd…
inner ear, middle ear, external ear
auricle/pinna, external acoustic canal/meatus, tympanic membr…
pinna/auricle
external acoustic canal
what are the divisions of the ear
inner ear, middle ear, external ear
what parts of the ear are part of the…
auricle/pinna, external acoustic canal/meatus, tympanic membr…
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 General Senses/Special Senses: Smell and Taste
what is the conscious awareness of a s…
what is the reduction in sensitivity t…
what are the general senses? (6)
what receptor is based on sensitive to…
perception
adaption
temperature, pain, touch, pressure, vibration, proprioception
nociceptors
what is the conscious awareness of a s…
perception
what is the reduction in sensitivity t…
adaption
29 terms
Chapter 9 Special Senses
function of the lens
function of the pupil
cones
iris
change shape to focus on an object
allows light
color vision (red, blue, green)
opens pupil
function of the lens
change shape to focus on an object
function of the pupil
allows light
38 terms
Chapter 9: The Special Senses
Special Senses
Sense of Taste
Sense of Smell
Sense of Vision
-The five senses:... -- Taste (gustation)... -- Smell (olfaction)... -…
- About 10,000 taste buds are found in the oral cavity, mostl…
- Relies on olfactory sensory neurons in the olfactory epithe…
- The dominant sense in human where the brain invests large a…
Special Senses
-The five senses:... -- Taste (gustation)... -- Smell (olfaction)... -…
Sense of Taste
- About 10,000 taste buds are found in the oral cavity, mostl…
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Sensation: The somatic and Special Senses.
Sensing
Sensation
Proprioception
Equilibrium
is merely the detection of a stimulus by a sensory receptor .…
conscious perception. Sensory receptors such as those that se…
our perception of the position of body parts relative to one…
our sense of balance, being in control, in the inner ear.
Sensing
is merely the detection of a stimulus by a sensory receptor .…
Sensation
conscious perception. Sensory receptors such as those that se…
62 terms
Chapter 9 The General and Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
Free Nerve Endings
Separate Receptor Cells
Receptive Field
Monitor Conditions both inside and outside the body
Simplest Receptors... Ex. Touch, Pain, Heat, & Taste Receptors
Complex structures... Associated with supportive cells... (ie recep…
Area monitored by a single receptor
Sensory Receptors
Monitor Conditions both inside and outside the body
Free Nerve Endings
Simplest Receptors... Ex. Touch, Pain, Heat, & Taste Receptors
93 terms
Chapter 9- Special Senses
aqua-
blephar-
-esthesia
hemi-
water
eyelid
sensation
half
aqua-
water
blephar-
eyelid
38 terms
A & P Chapter 9 Special Senses
equilibrium
retina
cones
rods
the sense of balance--maintained by the semicircular canals i…
the sensory layer of the eyeball--contains the rods and cones
nerves found in the retina that provide for sharpness of visi…
nerves found in the retina tht provide for vision in dim ligh…
equilibrium
the sense of balance--maintained by the semicircular canals i…
retina
the sensory layer of the eyeball--contains the rods and cones
26 terms
Chapter 9 THE GENERAL AND SPECIAL SENSES Vocabulary Development: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology
akousis
baro-
circa
circum-
hearing; acoustic
pressure; baroreceptors
about; circadian
around; circumavallate paillae
akousis
hearing; acoustic
baro-
pressure; baroreceptors
66 terms
Chapter 9 Special Senses
Sensory Pathway
Sensory Neurons
Projection
Intensity
receptors detect stimuli and converts to impulses
Carry impulses to CNS then to appropriate location of brain
stimuli goes to brain and brought back to area of sensation
depends on # of receptors stimulated
Sensory Pathway
receptors detect stimuli and converts to impulses
Sensory Neurons
Carry impulses to CNS then to appropriate location of brain
59 terms
Chapter 9: The Special Senses
ambly/o
aque/o
blephar/o , palpebr/o
conjunctiv/o
dull
water
eyelid
conjunctiva
ambly/o
dull
aque/o
water
118 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 9 - The General and Special Senses
Sensory receptors
Free nerve endings
Sensations
The simplest receptors free nerve endi…
Specialized cells or cell processes that monitor conditions i…
The branching tips of dendrites, usually found in the skin to…
Changes in the external environment that are detected by vari…
Can be sensitive to many types of stimuli... Example: free nerve…
Sensory receptors
Specialized cells or cell processes that monitor conditions i…
Free nerve endings
The branching tips of dendrites, usually found in the skin to…
30 terms
Chapter 9 The General and Special Senses
Sensory Cells
Receptive field
adaptation
general sensory
specialized cells or cell processes that monitor external or…
area monitored by a single receptor cell
reduction in sensitivity at a receptor or along a sensory pat…
thorough the body ... "touch" ----> unipolar neurons
Sensory Cells
specialized cells or cell processes that monitor external or…
Receptive field
area monitored by a single receptor cell
26 terms
Anatomy Physiology: Chapter 9: The General and Special Senses Vocabulary
akousis
baro-
circa
cochlea
hearing
pressure
about
snail shell
akousis
hearing
baro-
pressure
28 terms
Anatomy Chp.9 - Special senses
Aqueous humor
Accommodation
Baroreceptor
Decibels
Fluid similar to perilymph or CSF that fills the anterior cha…
Chainring the shape of the lens to keep the focal distance co…
Receptors responsible for baroreception
Intensity of a sound is reported in
Aqueous humor
Fluid similar to perilymph or CSF that fills the anterior cha…
Accommodation
Chainring the shape of the lens to keep the focal distance co…
74 terms
Anatomy Special Senses
Smell (olfaction)
Taste (gustation)
Sight
Sound
Chemoreceptors ... Binding of molecules to membrane receptors
Chemoreceptors... Binding of molecules to membrane receptors
Photoreceptors... Chemical change in receptors initiated by light
Mechanoreceptors... Binding of stereocilia on receptor cells
Smell (olfaction)
Chemoreceptors ... Binding of molecules to membrane receptors
Taste (gustation)
Chemoreceptors... Binding of molecules to membrane receptors
118 terms
Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 9 - The General and Special Senses
Sensory receptors
Free nerve endings
Sensations
The simplest receptors free nerve endi…
Specialized cells or cell processes that monitor conditions i…
The branching tips of dendrites, usually found in the skin to…
Changes in the external environment that are detected by vari…
Can be sensitive to many types of stimuli... Example: free nerve…
Sensory receptors
Specialized cells or cell processes that monitor conditions i…
Free nerve endings
The branching tips of dendrites, usually found in the skin to…
62 terms
Chapter 9 The General and Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
Free Nerve Endings
Separate Receptor Cells
Receptive Field
Monitor Conditions both inside and outside the body
Simplest Receptors... Ex. Touch, Pain, Heat, & Taste Receptors
Complex structures... Associated with supportive cells... (ie recep…
Area monitored by a single receptor
Sensory Receptors
Monitor Conditions both inside and outside the body
Free Nerve Endings
Simplest Receptors... Ex. Touch, Pain, Heat, & Taste Receptors
26 terms
Chapter 9-The General and Special Senses
Akousis
Baro
Circa
Circum
Hearing
Pressure
About
Around
Akousis
Hearing
Baro
Pressure
Anatomy Test Review Chapter 9: General and Special Senses
Sensory Receptor
Receptive Field
Sensation
Perception
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
an area monitored by a single receptor cell
the arriving information
the conscious awareness of a sensation
Sensory Receptor
Specialized cells that monitor conditions inside or outside t…
Receptive Field
an area monitored by a single receptor cell
22 terms
Chapter 9: General and Special Senses
free nerve endings
Sensation
adaptation
general senses
branching tips to nerve endings; sensitive to many types of s…
arriving information
reduction in sensitivity in the presence of a constant stimulus
temperature, pain, touch, vibration, & proprioception
free nerve endings
branching tips to nerve endings; sensitive to many types of s…
Sensation
arriving information
17 terms
The General and Special Senses Chapter 9
accommodation
adaptation
cochlea
fovea
alteration in the curvature of the lens to focus an image on…
reduction in sensitivity in the presence of a constant stimulus
spiral portion of the bony labyrinth of the internal ear that…
portion of the retina within the macula providing the sharpes…
accommodation
alteration in the curvature of the lens to focus an image on…
adaptation
reduction in sensitivity in the presence of a constant stimulus
60 terms
Chapter 9: General and Special Senses
Sensory Receptors
Sensation(s)
Adaptation
General Senses (Remember: PPPTTV)
Specialized cells that monitor conditions outside the body.
Incoming information from sensory receptors.
A reduction in sensitivity because of a constant stimulus.
Pain, Pressure, Proprioception, Temperature, Touch, Vibration
Sensory Receptors
Specialized cells that monitor conditions outside the body.
Sensation(s)
Incoming information from sensory receptors.
56 terms
Anatomy Lab 9: The Special Senses
Conjunctiva
Lacrimal glands
Lacrimal sacs
Nasolacrimal duct
-The mucous membrane covering the white outer surface of the…
-lateral and superior the eyes... -secretes tears and the ducts…
where tears drain into in the medial part of the orbit
where tears drain after going through the lacrimal sacs
Conjunctiva
-The mucous membrane covering the white outer surface of the…
Lacrimal glands
-lateral and superior the eyes... -secretes tears and the ducts…
81 terms
chapter 9 senses anatomy
the receptors for vision are located i…
the receptors for hearing and equilibr…
the receptors for touch and pressure a…
when holding a pencil you experience t…
retina
inner ear
encapsulated nerve endings in the dermis
projection
the receptors for vision are located i…
retina
the receptors for hearing and equilibr…
inner ear
81 terms
General and special senses chapter 9
Rods
Cones
Retina
Inner layer includes
Used in dim light (found on the periphery of retinal surface)
Used in bright light and detect color (found in the macula, t…
Nervis layer (protecter layer)
A pigmented part,which absorbs light. A neural part that cont…
Rods
Used in dim light (found on the periphery of retinal surface)
Cones
Used in bright light and detect color (found in the macula, t…
29 terms
Chapter 9 general and special senses
Which extrinsic eye muscles is respons…
The ciliary muscle helps to
The lens of the eye thickens when the
The hearing recoveries are located in…
Inferior oblique
Control the shape of the lens
Ciliary muscles contract
Ampulla
Which extrinsic eye muscles is respons…
Inferior oblique
The ciliary muscle helps to
Control the shape of the lens
26 terms
Chapter 9: The General & Special Senses
Akousis
Baro
Circa
Circum
Hearing
Pressure
About
Around
Akousis
Hearing
Baro
Pressure
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8: Special Senses
What are the special senses?
Touch
70% of all sensory receptors are in the
Each eye has over ________ nerve fibers
-touch... -smell... -taste... -sight... -hearing... -equilibrium
Mixture of general senses for ... -temperature... -pressure... -pain
eyes
1 million
What are the special senses?
-touch... -smell... -taste... -sight... -hearing... -equilibrium
Touch
Mixture of general senses for ... -temperature... -pressure... -pain
22 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Senses
Proprioceptors
Gustatory Receptors
Special Senses
Gustation
Monitor the postion of joints, the tension in ligaments and t…
Receptors distributed over the surface of the tongue and adja…
Smell, taste, vision, balance, and hearing
Taste
Proprioceptors
Monitor the postion of joints, the tension in ligaments and t…
Gustatory Receptors
Receptors distributed over the surface of the tongue and adja…
14 terms
anatomy chapter 9 senses
9.1 sensations
SENSATIONS
PROJECTION
ADAPTION
each type of sensory receptor is sensitive to a particular ty…
result from an interpretation of impulses reaching sensory ar…
whenever a sensation occurs, the cerebral cortex projects the…
sensory adaption- if a receptor is repeatedly stimulated by t…
9.1 sensations
each type of sensory receptor is sensitive to a particular ty…
SENSATIONS
result from an interpretation of impulses reaching sensory ar…
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 15: Special Senses
Eye accessory structures
Six extrinsic eye muscles
Three layers of eyeball
Outer fibrous layer
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
Outer fibrous (sclera), middle vascular (choroid), inner neur…
- avascular dense regular connective tissue ... - sclera: "white…
Eye accessory structures
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
Six extrinsic eye muscles
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
75 terms
Anatomy (General and Special Senses)
receptor specificity
receptive field
tonic receptors
phasic receptors
different receptors respond to different stimuli
a receptive field is the area monitored by a single receptor;…
slow-adapting; always active; show little peripheral adaptati…
fast-adapting receptors; normally inactive; become active whe…
receptor specificity
different receptors respond to different stimuli
receptive field
a receptive field is the area monitored by a single receptor;…
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 15: Special Senses
Eye accessory structures
Six extrinsic eye muscles
Three layers of eyeball
Outer fibrous layer
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
Outer fibrous (sclera), middle vascular (choroid), inner neur…
- avascular dense regular connective tissue ... - sclera: "white…
Eye accessory structures
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
Six extrinsic eye muscles
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
60 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 15: Special Senses
Eye accessory structures
Six extrinsic eye muscles
Three layers of eyeball
Outer fibrous layer
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
Outer fibrous (sclera), middle vascular (choroid), inner neur…
- avascular dense regular connective tissue ... - sclera: "white…
Eye accessory structures
- protect anterior visible portion of eye ... - Eyebrows: shades…
Six extrinsic eye muscles
control movement of each eyeball ... - diplopia: "double vision"…
45 terms
chapter 9 general and special senses
what do sensory receptors connect with…
what are sensory receptors?
what is sensation?
what is perception?
our external and internal environments
-specialized cells that monitor specific conditions in the bo…
the arriving info from these senses
conscious awareness of a sensation
what do sensory receptors connect with…
our external and internal environments
what are sensory receptors?
-specialized cells that monitor specific conditions in the bo…
19 terms
Chapter 9: Special Senses (Hearing)
What holds the auricle and auditory ca…
What holds the tympanic cavity, tympan…
What holds the bony labyrinth, membran…
What is the outer ear?
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Auditory Canal
What holds the auricle and auditory ca…
Outer Ear
What holds the tympanic cavity, tympan…
Middle Ear
28 terms
Anatomy chapter 9- The Senses
Photoreceptors
Chemoreceptors
Pain receptors
Thermoreceptors
light
chemicals
injury
temperature change
Photoreceptors
light
Chemoreceptors
chemicals
47 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Senses
sensory receptors
general sense organs
special sense organs
three layers of eyeball tissue
allows us to respond to stimuli such as touch, pressure, temp…
receptors distributed throughout the body in the skin, muscle…
responsible for smell, taste, vision, hearing and equilibrium
sclera, choroid, retina
sensory receptors
allows us to respond to stimuli such as touch, pressure, temp…
general sense organs
receptors distributed throughout the body in the skin, muscle…
58 terms
Anatomy Lab 9: Special Senses
palpebrae
tarsal plates
conjunctiva
orbicularis oculi
eyelids
helps maintain the shape of the eyelids... covered by palpebrae
Delicate membrane lining the eyelids and covering the eyeball
muscle responsible for closing the eye
palpebrae
eyelids
tarsal plates
helps maintain the shape of the eyelids... covered by palpebrae
56 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 - Senses
general sensory receptors
special sensory receptors
nociceptors
fast pain
temperature, pain, touch, pressure, vibration, and propriocep…
smell, taste, vision, balance, and hearing
pain; consist of free nerve endings that pick up stimuli in s…
myelinated; prickly pain, injection, causing a reflex response
general sensory receptors
temperature, pain, touch, pressure, vibration, and propriocep…
special sensory receptors
smell, taste, vision, balance, and hearing
44 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 9 -- Senses
Sense
sensation
sensory receptors
Types of senses: General senses
ability to perceive stimuli
awareness of stimuli received by sensory receptors
sensory nerve endings that respond to stimuli by developing a…
receptors over large part of body... SOMATIC provide information…
Sense
ability to perceive stimuli
sensation
awareness of stimuli received by sensory receptors
38 terms
NHS - Anatomy (Special Senses)
aqueous humor
auricle
bony labyrinth
cerumen
fluid in the eye, found between the cornea and the lens
External portion of the ear
the rigid, bony outer wall of the inner ear. It consists of t…
ear wax
aqueous humor
fluid in the eye, found between the cornea and the lens
auricle
External portion of the ear
10 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9: The Senses
The 5 special senses
chemoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
photoreceptors
chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, photoreceptors, thermorecep…
receptors that detect chemicals (taste & smell)
receptors that detect vibrations (hearing)
detect light (vision)
The 5 special senses
chemoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, photoreceptors, thermorecep…
chemoreceptors
receptors that detect chemicals (taste & smell)
63 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9: The Senses
Free nerve endings
Merkel's disks
Pacinian corpuscles
Meissner's corpuscles
Respond to painful stimuli, temperature, itch, and movement
Detect light, touch, and superficial pressure
Relay info concerning deep pressure, vibration, and position…
Localize tactile sensations; specifically lips and fingertips
Free nerve endings
Respond to painful stimuli, temperature, itch, and movement
Merkel's disks
Detect light, touch, and superficial pressure
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 The Senses
senses
stimulus
sensation
special senses
the means by which the brain receives info about the outside…
causes a response in a nerve, muscle, gland or other tissue... w…
perception of the stimuli
produced by localized sensory organs... taste, smell, hearing, s…
senses
the means by which the brain receives info about the outside…
stimulus
causes a response in a nerve, muscle, gland or other tissue... w…
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