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Study sets matching "anatomy chapter 9"

91 terms
Anatomy chapter 9
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
four characteristic of muscle tissue:
striated; voluntary
striated; involuntary
not striated; involuntary
excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
skeletal muscle
striated; voluntary
cardiac muscle
striated; involuntary
114 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
arthrosis
arthrology
kinesiology
the presence or absence of a space bet…
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
the scientific study of joints
the study of motion of the human body
Joints are classified structurally based on what two factors?
arthrosis
a point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartil…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
77 terms
human anatomy chapter 9
joints
joints
classifications of joints
fibrous joints
• Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at joints or... articulati…
• Joints can be classified by function or structure... • Functio…
• Structural classification based on:... -Material that binds bo…
• Bones connected by fibrous connective tissue... • No joint cav…
joints
• Rigid elements of the skeleton meet at joints or... articulati…
joints
• Joints can be classified by function or structure... • Functio…
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
any place where adjacent bones or bone…
Structural Classification of Joints
A fibrous joint
cartilaginous joint
A joint, also called an articulation,
Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial joints
is where the adjacent bones are united by fibrous connective…
the bones are joined by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage.
any place where adjacent bones or bone…
A joint, also called an articulation,
Structural Classification of Joints
Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial joints
40 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Requirements for Skeletal Contraction
Events at the Neuromuscular Junction
Neuromuscular junction
(more) Events at the Neuromuscular Jun…
1. Activation: neural stimulation at a neuromuscular junction…
1.Skeletal muscles are stimulated by somatic motor neurons ... 2…
-Situated midway along the length of a muscle fiber... -Axon ter…
Nerve impulse arrives at axon terminal... ACh is released and bi…
Requirements for Skeletal Contraction
1. Activation: neural stimulation at a neuromuscular junction…
Events at the Neuromuscular Junction
1.Skeletal muscles are stimulated by somatic motor neurons ... 2…
104 terms
Anatomy chapter 9
Joints (articulations)
Mesoderm primary germ layer
Arthrology
Kinesiology
Where two or more bones meet. They determine the level of mob…
Where tissues of a joint develop from
Science of joint structure, function, and dysfunction
Study of musculoskeletal movement
Joints (articulations)
Where two or more bones meet. They determine the level of mob…
Mesoderm primary germ layer
Where tissues of a joint develop from
20 terms
Anatomy Vocab Chapter 9
Acromegaly
Androgens
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Cretinism
results when hyper secretion continues to occur even after lo…
male sex hormones
causes kidneys to reabsorb more water from the forming urine,…
iodine deficiency in children that results in dwarfism (abnor…
Acromegaly
results when hyper secretion continues to occur even after lo…
Androgens
male sex hormones
13 terms
chapter 9 Anatomy
Pericardium
fibrous pericardium
serous pericardium
parietal layer
sac that surrounds the heart
holds heart in place
two layers thick that produces serous fluid to reduce frictio…
not in contact with heart
Pericardium
sac that surrounds the heart
fibrous pericardium
holds heart in place
13 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
List the functions of muscle and brief…
Describe the gross and microscopic ana…
Describe the thick and thin myofilamen…
List, and describe in order, the steps…
Functions: movement, posture, joint stability, heat productio…
- Gross: voluntary striated muscle attached to the bone, duri…
Thick: made of myosin, shaped like a golf club, each one cons…
Phase 1: ... 1) action potential arrives at axon terminal of mot…
List the functions of muscle and brief…
Functions: movement, posture, joint stability, heat productio…
Describe the gross and microscopic ana…
- Gross: voluntary striated muscle attached to the bone, duri…
104 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Functions of all Muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Functions of Skeletal Muscle
Epimysium
Excitability: response to stimulus ... Contractibility: shorten…
Voluntary control, Striated, Multinucleated, Nuclei near sarc…
Produces movement of the skeleton (Locomotion)... Maintains post…
Connective Tissue around whole muscle
Functions of all Muscle Tissue
Excitability: response to stimulus ... Contractibility: shorten…
Skeletal Muscle
Voluntary control, Striated, Multinucleated, Nuclei near sarc…
53 terms
Chapter 9 Head and Neck Anatomy
Alveolar process
Articular disc
Articular eminence
Articular space
Portion of the maxillary bones that form the support for teet…
Cushion of dense, specialized connective tissue that divides…
Raised portion of the temporal bone just anterior to the glen…
Space between the capsular ligament and between the surfaces…
Alveolar process
Portion of the maxillary bones that form the support for teet…
Articular disc
Cushion of dense, specialized connective tissue that divides…
101 terms
anatomy chapter 9
axial skeleton
cranium
frontal
parietal
skeleton made of skull and backbone
brain case
forehead
2 bones and top of skull
axial skeleton
skeleton made of skull and backbone
cranium
brain case
10 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy -- The Spinal Cord
dura mater
pia mater
arachnoid
cerebrospinal fluid
thick, outermost layer of the meninges surrounding and protec…
Inner layer of meninges; intimately attached to brain followi…
middle layer of the meninges
Fluid in the space between the meninges that acts as a shock…
dura mater
thick, outermost layer of the meninges surrounding and protec…
pia mater
Inner layer of meninges; intimately attached to brain followi…
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
functions of skeletal muscle
special properties of muscle fibers
different types of muscle tissues
epimysium
produce skeletal movements pulls tendon and move bones, maint…
contraction
skeletal cardiac and smooth
surrounding entire muscle, separates muscle from surrounding…
functions of skeletal muscle
produce skeletal movements pulls tendon and move bones, maint…
special properties of muscle fibers
contraction
25 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Fibrous
Cartilaginous
Synovial
Synarthrosis
Dense regular tissue.
Cartilage tissue.
Cartilage+dense regular+fluid. Can't be synarthroses or amphi…
No movement.
Fibrous
Dense regular tissue.
Cartilaginous
Cartilage tissue.
26 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy
False
joint
fibrous joint
synovial joint
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
occurs where bones are held together by dense regular connect…
A joint that has a fluid-filled cavity that separates the car…
False
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
joint
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
62 terms
CHAPTER 9+10 - ANATOMY
sphenoid
hinge action
trismus
sternocleidomastoid
___ bones form the anterior part of the base of the skull
first phase in mouth opening and movement of the temporomandi…
most common cause of restricted mandibular movement
neck muscle... one of the cervical muscles that divide the neck…
sphenoid
___ bones form the anterior part of the base of the skull
hinge action
first phase in mouth opening and movement of the temporomandi…
26 terms
Chapter 9 Anatomy
Axon
Action Potential
Cell Body
Dendrite
A nerve fiber. It conducts a nerve impulse away from the neut…
The sequence of electrical changes tha occurs in a portion of…
Portion of nerve cell that includes cytoplasm and a nucleus,…
Extensions of a neuron that receive input from other neurons…
Axon
A nerve fiber. It conducts a nerve impulse away from the neut…
Action Potential
The sequence of electrical changes tha occurs in a portion of…
102 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 9: Muscles
Three types of muscle tissues
Skeletal muscle
somatic
Cardiac muscle
- skeletal muscle... - cardiac muscle... - smooth muscle
- usually attached to bone... - voluntary... - somatic ... - striated…
widely distributed
- wall of heart... - involuntary... - autonomic... - striated... - single…
Three types of muscle tissues
- skeletal muscle... - cardiac muscle... - smooth muscle
Skeletal muscle
- usually attached to bone... - voluntary... - somatic ... - striated…
27 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy
False
joint
fibrous joint
synovial joint
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
occurs where bones are held together by dense regular connect…
A joint that has a fluid-filled cavity that separates the car…
False
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
joint
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
62 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
functions of skeletal muscle
special properties of muscle fibers
different types of muscle tissues
epimysium
produce skeletal movements pulls tendon and move bones, maint…
contraction
skeletal cardiac and smooth
surrounding entire muscle, separates muscle from surrounding…
functions of skeletal muscle
produce skeletal movements pulls tendon and move bones, maint…
special properties of muscle fibers
contraction
85 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9 Joints
arthrology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous
Synovial
study of joints
dense regular connective tissue
cartilage being located at the joint
type of membrane located at this joint, cavity at the articul…
arthrology
study of joints
fibrous joints
dense regular connective tissue
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Vocabulary
1. Acetylcholine
2. Actin
3. Action potential
4. Axon
A neurotransmitter contained withing the mound like axon term…
Actin is the protein found in thin filament. ... 1. Actin has ki…
The electrical current needed to induce muscle contraction, d…
Neuron Process that carries impulses away from the nerve cell…
1. Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter contained withing the mound like axon term…
2. Actin
Actin is the protein found in thin filament. ... 1. Actin has ki…
28 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Vocab
1. Acetylcholine
2. Actin
3. Action potential
4. Axon
A neurotransmitter found in small membranous sacs called syna…
protein that primarily composes thin filaments. ... * Actin has…
an electrical current.... *The action potential is automatically…
long tread-like extensions that travel within bundled nerves…
1. Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter found in small membranous sacs called syna…
2. Actin
protein that primarily composes thin filaments. ... * Actin has…
37 terms
anatomy chapter 9
muscle fibers
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
elongated cells... contract along their longitudinal axis
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
pulls on skeletal bones... voluntary contraction
pushes blood through arteries and veins... rhythmic contractions
muscle fibers
elongated cells... contract along their longitudinal axis
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal... cardiac... smooth
71 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
muscles
fascia
tendon
aponeuroses
organs composed of specialized cells that use the chemical en…
layers of dense connective tissue that hold individual skelet…
cordlike fibers that connect muscle to bone
broad, fibrous sheets of connective tissue that may attach to…
muscles
organs composed of specialized cells that use the chemical en…
fascia
layers of dense connective tissue that hold individual skelet…
29 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy
False
joint
fibrous joint
synovial joint
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
occurs where bones are held together by dense regular connect…
A joint that has a fluid-filled cavity that separates the car…
False
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
joint
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
39 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
tendon
fascia
aponeuroses
myofibrils
connects muscle to bone, cord like projections of fascia
dense connective tissue that holds individual skeletal muscle…
broad, fibrous sheets, may attach to bone or coverings of adj…
parallel, threadlike structures, consist of myosin and actin,…
tendon
connects muscle to bone, cord like projections of fascia
fascia
dense connective tissue that holds individual skeletal muscle…
95 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
Skeletal muscle
Skeletal muscle contractions
involuntary, contracts slow, long contractions (Organs, Uterus)
involuntary, contracts intermidiatly, intermediate contractio…
voluntary, contracts fast, short contractions (attached to bo…
muscles can't contract on their own, innervated by nerves
Smooth muscle
involuntary, contracts slow, long contractions (Organs, Uterus)
Cardiac muscle
involuntary, contracts intermidiatly, intermediate contractio…
40 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 9
skeletal muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
smooth muscle tissue
actin filaments
Has striations. Perform voluntary movement
Found in heart only. Striated, so that it can perform squeezi…
A type of muscle lacking striations; responsible for involunt…
myosin cross bridges attach to active sites during skeletal m…
skeletal muscle tissue
Has striations. Perform voluntary movement
cardiac muscle tissue
Found in heart only. Striated, so that it can perform squeezi…
54 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 the Brain study
Cerebrum
Diancephalon
Cerebeullum
Brain Stem
(Cerebral Hemisphere) Divided by two hemispheres, Left and Ri…
Relay and control center. Sits on top of the brain stem
"Little Brain" inferior and posterior to cerebral cortex
Attaches brain to the spinal cord
Cerebrum
(Cerebral Hemisphere) Divided by two hemispheres, Left and Ri…
Diancephalon
Relay and control center. Sits on top of the brain stem
39 terms
Anatomy chapter 9
Myo, mys, and sarco
Skeletal Muscle
Muscle Tissue
Cardiac Muscle
prefixes for muscle
Organs attached to and cover bony skeleton... Elongated cells ca…
Nearly half of body's mass... Transforms chemical energy (ATP) t…
Only in heart; bulk of heart walls ... Striated... Can contract wit…
Myo, mys, and sarco
prefixes for muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Organs attached to and cover bony skeleton... Elongated cells ca…
82 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
synovial joints
cartilaginous
ex: suture, syndesmosis, gomphosis
bones are united by cartilage... two types: ... 1) synchondroses... 2)…
houses articular cartilage... DEVELOP FROM MESENCHYME... MOST MOVAB…
the general structural type of joint between intervertebral d…
fibrous joints
ex: suture, syndesmosis, gomphosis
cartilaginous joints
bones are united by cartilage... two types: ... 1) synchondroses... 2)…
51 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Excitability
(Voluntary) Moves the body by pulling on bones of the skeleton.
(Involuntary) Pushes blood through the arteries and veins of…
(Involuntary) Push fluids and solids along the digestive tract.
The ability to respond to stimulation.
Skeletal Muscle
(Voluntary) Moves the body by pulling on bones of the skeleton.
Cardiac Muscle
(Involuntary) Pushes blood through the arteries and veins of…
58 terms
Anatomy chapter 9-10
Excitability
Contractility
Extensibility
Elasticity
Ability to receive or respond to stimuli
Ability to shorten forcibly
Ability to be stretched or extended
Ability to recoil and resume original resting length
Excitability
Ability to receive or respond to stimuli
Contractility
Ability to shorten forcibly
74 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9: Articulations
synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthro…
no movement
suture, gomphosis, synchondrosis, syno…
suture
What are the 3 classifications of articulations?
synarthrosis
What are the 4 types of synarthrosis articulations?
fibrous connections plus interlocking projections; found betw…
synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, diarthro…
What are the 3 classifications of articulations?
no movement
synarthrosis
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Joint
Fibrous Joint... Cartilaginous Joint... Syno…
Fibrous joint
Cartilaginous joint
Place of contact between bones, between bones or cartilage or…
Three different structural classification of joints
Has no joint cavity and occurs where bones are held together…
Fluid-filled joint caivyt that separates the articulating sur…
Joint
Place of contact between bones, between bones or cartilage or…
Fibrous Joint... Cartilaginous Joint... Syno…
Three different structural classification of joints
52 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy
2nervous systems
Branches of peripheral nervous system
2 types of spinal nerves
2 efferent branches
Central nervous system-brain, spinal chord
Cranial nerves-auditory, optic nerve, muscles of facial expre…
Afferent nerves- incoming sensory nerves... Efferent nerves-outg…
Somatic nervous system - skeletal, you can control... Autonomic…
2nervous systems
Central nervous system-brain, spinal chord
Branches of peripheral nervous system
Cranial nerves-auditory, optic nerve, muscles of facial expre…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Skeletal Muscular System
Fascia
Superficial Fascia
Epimysium
40% of body mass ... 650 muscles ... each muscle is an organ ... cells…
connective tissue covering over a part of or whole muscle
subcutaneous layer and adipose layer
around whole muscle
Skeletal Muscular System
40% of body mass ... 650 muscles ... each muscle is an organ ... cells…
Fascia
connective tissue covering over a part of or whole muscle
43 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
Perineum
Vulva
Mons Pubis
Clitoris
-Perineal Region; Diamond Shaped... -Made up of the Urogenital T…
Comprises the external genitalia of the female
-Externally covered with pubic hair... -Consists mostly of fatty…
-Composed of erectile tissue, partly covered by the ischiocav…
Perineum
-Perineal Region; Diamond Shaped... -Made up of the Urogenital T…
Vulva
Comprises the external genitalia of the female
52 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Joint
Joints can be classified
JOINT:... Structurally
JOINT:... Functionally
Pint of contact between two or more bones, cartilage and bone…
Structurally and Functionally
-Presence/absence of joint cavity... -Type of connective tissue…
-Degree go movement permitted
Joint
Pint of contact between two or more bones, cartilage and bone…
Joints can be classified
Structurally and Functionally
32 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9 Flashcards
Where are joints or articulations found?
Functions of joints
Classification of joints
Classification by function
- where 2 bones meet
- allow for specific range of motion, however, some joints ar…
1. By functions ... 2. By structures
- synarthrotic ... - ampiarthrotic ... - diarthrotic
Where are joints or articulations found?
- where 2 bones meet
Functions of joints
- allow for specific range of motion, however, some joints ar…
50 terms
Chapter 9- Auditory Anatomy
Pinna
Helix
Antihelix
Crura
- whole outer ear
Pinna
- whole outer ear
Helix
26 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy (editable)
False
joint
fibrous joint
synovial joint
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
occurs where bones are held together by dense regular connect…
A joint that has a fluid-filled cavity that separates the car…
False
True or False? Articulations involve only the point of contac…
joint
A place where a bone contacts another bone is called a(n)?
12 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
3 Functional Classifications of a Joint
3 Structural Classifications of a Joint
Synarthroses
Amphiarthroses
synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial joints
Immovable, Suture in skull... Gomphosis -> tooth + bone
Slightly movable, some sutures in skull (like when you chew),…
3 Functional Classifications of a Joint
synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
3 Structural Classifications of a Joint
fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial joints
75 terms
Chapter 9 anatomy
arthrology
kinesiology
fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
the scientific study of joints
the study of the motion of the human body
joint classification in which there is no synovial cavity, th…
joint classification in which there is no synovial cavity, th…
arthrology
the scientific study of joints
kinesiology
the study of the motion of the human body
139 terms
SVCC Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 9
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
Skeletal
Smooth
Cardiac
What are the three types of muscle?
What type of muscle is this?
What type of muscle is this?
What type of muscle is this?
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
What are the three types of muscle?
Skeletal
What type of muscle is this?
19 terms
anatomy chapter 9
How does the impulse that triggers a c…
What is a sarcomere best described as?
What are myofibrils primarily composed…
Where are neurotransmitters stored in…
transverse tubules
a segment of a myofibril
fibers formed from actin and myosin
in the motor neuron endings
How does the impulse that triggers a c…
transverse tubules
What is a sarcomere best described as?
a segment of a myofibril
40 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 9
skeletal muscle tissue
cardiac muscle tissue
smooth muscle tissue
actin filaments
Has striations. Perform voluntary movement
Found in heart only. Striated, so that it can perform squeezi…
A type of muscle lacking striations; responsible for involunt…
myosin cross bridges attach to active sites during skeletal m…
skeletal muscle tissue
Has striations. Perform voluntary movement
cardiac muscle tissue
Found in heart only. Striated, so that it can perform squeezi…
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 9
fibrous joints
cartilaginous joints
synovial joints
synarthrosis
bones held together by dense connective tissue that is rich i…
bones held together by cartilage, no synovial cavity
bones united by dense connective tissue of an articular capsu…
immovable joint
fibrous joints
bones held together by dense connective tissue that is rich i…
cartilaginous joints
bones held together by cartilage, no synovial cavity
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