Study sets matching "anatomy digestive system intestine"

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Study sets matching "anatomy digestive system intestine"

52 terms
Small Intestine and Large Intestine Anatomy Digestive System Chapter 14
Small Intestine
Messentery
Jejunum
Villi
Receives secretions from the pancreas and liver, and complete…
Anchors/holds the together the jejunum,.
Supplies vitamin B and nerves that supply the intestines. ... Mi…
Most numerous in duodenim, is at hte beginning of jejunum. ba…
Small Intestine
Receives secretions from the pancreas and liver, and complete…
Messentery
Anchors/holds the together the jejunum,.
15 terms
The Digestive System: gross anatomy of the large intestine
ascending colon
body of stomach
descending colon
esophagus
ascending colon
body of stomach
36 terms
anatomy lecture- digestive system- stomach and small intestine
hydrochloric acid
pepsinogen
intrinsic factor
mucus
kills bacteria and activates pepsin in stomach
activated to pepsin which begins protein digestion in stomach
binds with vitamin B12 for later absorption- in stomach
protects stomach wall from acid
hydrochloric acid
kills bacteria and activates pepsin in stomach
pepsinogen
activated to pepsin which begins protein digestion in stomach
18 terms
Digestive System Small Intestine
Small Intestine
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
-20 feet long... -Can't absorb proteins... -Primary digestive and a…
-First eight (8) inches... -Neutralize chyme... -Release cholecysto…
-Middle of small intestine
-End... -Attached to the large intestine
Small Intestine
-20 feet long... -Can't absorb proteins... -Primary digestive and a…
Duodenum
-First eight (8) inches... -Neutralize chyme... -Release cholecysto…
Digestive System- Large Intestine
Ileocecal Valve
Cecum
Ascending Colon
Transverse Colon
Ileocecal Valve
Cecum
Digestive System: Large Intestine
large intestine length
large intestine location
large intestine function
walls of large intestine consist of
1.5 meters
extends from the ileocecal valve to the anus
mainly to absorb water and eliminate indigestible food resi…
haustra
large intestine length
1.5 meters
large intestine location
extends from the ileocecal valve to the anus
8 terms
Digestive system/intestine
Cecum
Ileocecal valve
Appendix
Ascending colon
110
111
112
113
Cecum
110
Ileocecal valve
111
Digestive System: Small Intestine
SI is known as...
length of the small intestine
3 parts of the small intestine
duodenum
the major digestive organ
6-7 meters long
-duodenum... -jejunum... -ileum
extends from the pyloric sphincter
SI is known as...
the major digestive organ
length of the small intestine
6-7 meters long
Digestive anatomy: large intestine
large intestine
ileocecal valve
cecum
appendix
large intestine
ileocecal valve
Digestive system: Small Intestine
Food comes through the small intestine…
How long is the small intestine?
Small Intestine is ______ in diameter…
What mixes with chyme in the Small Int…
the pyloric sphincter
23 ft long
wider
Bile in the liver and pancreatic juices in the pancreas
Food comes through the small intestine…
the pyloric sphincter
How long is the small intestine?
23 ft long
11 terms
Digestive System: Large Intestine
How does waste enter the large intesti…
What are the parts of the large intest…
What is the haustra?
What is haustra turning?
it a liquidity form
ileocecal valve... cecum... ascending colon... transvers colon... descend…
They are pouches in the large intestine
through peristalsis moving things from haustra to haustra
How does waste enter the large intesti…
it a liquidity form
What are the parts of the large intest…
ileocecal valve... cecum... ascending colon... transvers colon... descend…
Digestive Anatomy: Small Intestine
Small Intestine
Duodenum
Major Duodenal Papilla (#6)
Jejunum
Small Intestine
Duodenum
Digestive System: Small Intestine
Small intestine
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Begins at pyloric sphincter and ends at the large intestine…
Uppermost segment of small intestine
Small intestine... Leads from duodenum... Digestion
Small intestine... Digestion... Connects to the large intestine f…
Small intestine
Begins at pyloric sphincter and ends at the large intestine…
Duodenum
Uppermost segment of small intestine
17 terms
Digestive system small intestine
Duodenum
Pancreas Endocrine
Pancreas exocrine
Pancreatic juice composition
bile duct and main pancreatic duct... Join at the hepatopancreat…
insulin and glucagon
Acini (clusters of secretory cells) secrete pancreatic juice…
Watery alkaline solution (pH 8) neutralizes chyme... Electrolyte…
Duodenum
bile duct and main pancreatic duct... Join at the hepatopancreat…
Pancreas Endocrine
insulin and glucagon
Large Intestine- Digestive System
cecum
appendix
colon
sigmoid colon
proximal end of the large intestine
what is located at the cecum of the large intestine
larger part of the large intestine that is split into 4 segme…
part of the colon that connects to the rectum
cecum
proximal end of the large intestine
appendix
what is located at the cecum of the large intestine
Digestive System: Large Intestine
Cecum
Appendix
Ascending Colon
Transverse Colon
Small pouch that hangs inferior to the ileocecal valve
Wormlike structure that projects downward from cecum... Unknown…
Extends from the cecum to the lower border of the liver... Turn…
Extends horizontally across the upper portion of the large in…
Cecum
Small pouch that hangs inferior to the ileocecal valve
Appendix
Wormlike structure that projects downward from cecum... Unknown…
6 terms
digestive system: small intestine
small intestine
duodenum
jejunum
circular folds
simple columnar epithelium
duodenal glands or brunners glands
plicae circularis
small intestine
simple columnar epithelium
duodenum
duodenal glands or brunners glands
13 terms
Digestive System: Large Intestine
how long is the large intestine
name 5 divisions of LI
right side of abdomen
horizontally across abdomen and under…
5-6 feet long
1. ascending colon... 2. transverse colon... 3. descending colon... 4.…
ascending colon
transverse colon
how long is the large intestine
5-6 feet long
name 5 divisions of LI
1. ascending colon... 2. transverse colon... 3. descending colon... 4.…
28 terms
Human Anatomy Exam 4: Digestive System; Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Liver, Gallbladder, & Pancreas (Lecture 62)
Small Intestine
Duodenum
Plicae Circulares
Villi
-- longest portion of the alimentary canal... -- site of most en…
receives digestive enzymes & bile from liver, gallbladder, &…
-- circular folds... -- transverse ridges of mucosa & submucosa…
-- projections of the mucosa covered with simple columnar epi…
Small Intestine
-- longest portion of the alimentary canal... -- site of most en…
Duodenum
receives digestive enzymes & bile from liver, gallbladder, &…
11 terms
Digestive System: Small Intestine
how long is the small intestine
name 3 divisions of SI
uppermost area, attaches to stomach
middle area
20 feet long
1. duodenum... 2. jejunum... 3. ilium
duodenum
jejunum
how long is the small intestine
20 feet long
name 3 divisions of SI
1. duodenum... 2. jejunum... 3. ilium
10 terms
digestive system: large intestine
cecum
vermiform appendix
ascending colon
hepatic flexure
aka right colic fissure
cecum
vermiform appendix
14 terms
Digestive System: Small Intestine
Divided into three parts: duodenum
Divided into three parts: jejunum
Divided into three parts: ileum
Structures: plica circulare
beginning two feet
middle ten feet
last six to eight feet
circular folds found in length of small intestine that increa…
Divided into three parts: duodenum
beginning two feet
Divided into three parts: jejunum
middle ten feet
10 terms
Digestive System: Large Intestine
Structures: cecum
Structures: ascending colon
Structures: flexure
Structures: transverse colon
beginning section of large intestine with appendix attached
travels up right side
turn leading to next section/colon
travels across abdomen
Structures: cecum
beginning section of large intestine with appendix attached
Structures: ascending colon
travels up right side
13 terms
Digestive System- Large Intestine
Large intestine
Cecum, colon (4), rectum, anal canal
Cecum
Ileocecal valve
About five feet long- 2-3" in diameter. Extends from ileum to…
Four major divisions of the large intestine.
First portion of large intestine. In lower right corner of ab…
At junction of ileum and cecum. Allows food to pass into larg…
Large intestine
About five feet long- 2-3" in diameter. Extends from ileum to…
Cecum, colon (4), rectum, anal canal
Four major divisions of the large intestine.
14 terms
Large intestine- Digestive system
large intestine
ileocecal valve
cecum
vermiform appendix
absorbs water, sodium, vitamins, minerals
sphincter between ileum + cecum
first large pouch of ascending colon
"worm-like" projection, non-functional
large intestine
absorbs water, sodium, vitamins, minerals
ileocecal valve
sphincter between ileum + cecum
Digestive System: Small Intestine
What is it?
3 Parts
Main Function
Surface Area
-20 feet long... -large surface area for majority of absorption…
-duodenum... -Jejunum... -Ileum
absorption of nutrients
-SI is folded like rugae of stomach... -need large surface area
What is it?
-20 feet long... -large surface area for majority of absorption…
3 Parts
-duodenum... -Jejunum... -Ileum
26 terms
Digestive System - Small Intestine
Small Intestine
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis, Serosa
Mucosa
organ where most digestion occurs in carnivores/newborns... abso…
What are the three sections of the small intestine?
What are the layers of the small intestine?
layer consisting of the Lamina Propria and Stratified squamou…
Small Intestine
organ where most digestion occurs in carnivores/newborns... abso…
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
What are the three sections of the small intestine?
The Digestive System: The Small Intestine
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
Ileo-Cecal Valve
The first and shortest segment of the small intestine.
The second, or middle section of the small intestine.
The third portion of the small intestine. Terminates in the l…
The point at which the ileum empties into the large intestine…
Duodenum
The first and shortest segment of the small intestine.
Jejunum
The second, or middle section of the small intestine.
Digestive System: Large Intestine
Large Intestine
Cecum
Vermiform Appendix
Ascending Colon
Large Intestine
Cecum
55 terms
Digestive System - Small Intestine
What are the 3 parts of the small inte…
What 2 tubes does the duodenum receive?
Which 2 parts of the small intestine h…
Which part of the SI is the largest?
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
Pancreatic duct and the Common bile duct
Jejunum and Ileum
Jejunum
What are the 3 parts of the small inte…
Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
What 2 tubes does the duodenum receive?
Pancreatic duct and the Common bile duct
Small intestine digestive system
Where does nearly all the chemical dig…
What are the microvilli?
What do the brush boarder enzymes do?
What do intestinal crypts secrete and…
small intestine
They are plasma membrane extensions and form a fuzzy brush bo…
chemical digestion. Chyme contacts these for digestion to occ…
1 to 2 L a day of intestinal juice in response to acid, hyper…
Where does nearly all the chemical dig…
small intestine
What are the microvilli?
They are plasma membrane extensions and form a fuzzy brush bo…
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 5: Ch. 25 - The Digestive System (4/15) - Absorption of the Small Intestine & Movements of the Small Intestine
villi
small intestine
monosaccharides ... amino acids
fatty acids... glycerol
increases the surface area for absorption
absorption is so effective that very little absorbable materi…
absorb:... through facilitated diffusion and active transport... ab…
absorb:... several steps involved as noted... absorbed into lymph a…
villi
increases the surface area for absorption
small intestine
absorption is so effective that very little absorbable materi…
The Digestive System: The Small Intestine
Duodenum
Ascending colon
Cecum
Mesentery
Identify # 1... (the first part of the small intestine, about 12…
Identify # 2
Identify # 3
Identify # 4
Duodenum
Identify # 1... (the first part of the small intestine, about 12…
Ascending colon
Identify # 2
Digestive system (Large Intestine)
cecum
Appendix
Ascending Colon
Transverse colon
cecum
Appendix
26 terms
Digestive system: Intestine
Functions of small intestine
General Structure
Mucosa
Gluten enteropathy
1. Site of digestion... 2. Site of absorption... 3. Synthesis and s…
Mucosa, submuscosa, muscularis externa, and serosa/adventitia…
Villi: lamina propria core. NO SUBMUCOSA in core... Surface epit…
Coeliacs disease: found in patients with a hypersensitivity t…
Functions of small intestine
1. Site of digestion... 2. Site of absorption... 3. Synthesis and s…
General Structure
Mucosa, submuscosa, muscularis externa, and serosa/adventitia…
15 terms
Digestive system Small Intestine
Small Intestine
1. Duodenum... 2. Jejunum... 3. Ileum
Peristalsis
Duodenum
Tube-like suspended from the posterior body wall by the mesen…
The small intestine is subdivided into three parts.
propels food through the intestine by waves. SI moves food by…
the first portion of the SI is this, where acidic chyme from…
Small Intestine
Tube-like suspended from the posterior body wall by the mesen…
1. Duodenum... 2. Jejunum... 3. Ileum
The small intestine is subdivided into three parts.
26 terms
Digestive System - Small Intestine
Small Intestine
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis, Serosa
Mucosa
organ where most digestion occurs in carnivores/newborns... abso…
What are the three sections of the small intestine?
What are the layers of the small intestine?
layer consisting of the Lamina Propria and Stratified squamou…
Small Intestine
organ where most digestion occurs in carnivores/newborns... abso…
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
What are the three sections of the small intestine?
digestive system, small intestine
disaccaridases
GIP
CCK (cholecystokinin)
Peptidases
break down disaccharides
HORMONE; signals stomach to limit the release of gastric juic…
HORMONE; contracts gallbladder to release bile and pancreatic…
break down of smaller proteins and peptides into amino acids
disaccaridases
break down disaccharides
GIP
HORMONE; signals stomach to limit the release of gastric juic…
13 terms
digestive system - small intestine
small intestine
duodenum
jejunum
ileum
- most absorption fo digested food takes place... - long, narrow…
- first part... - connects to the stomach... - has brunner's gland…
- 1 m = 3 ft... - specializes in absorption of carbohydrates & p…
- last section... - connects to large intestine... - 2 m = 6 ft-13…
small intestine
- most absorption fo digested food takes place... - long, narrow…
duodenum
- first part... - connects to the stomach... - has brunner's gland…
15 terms
Digestive System: Small Intestine
duodenum most active in
duodenum begins at
duodenum length
ducts from the pancreas and the liver
digestion
pyloric sphincter
10"
enter at the duodenum
duodenum most active in
digestion
duodenum begins at
pyloric sphincter
6 terms
digestive system - large intestine
an/o
append/o, appendic/o
col/o, colon/o
proct/o
anus
appendix
colon
anus or rectum
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
28 terms
Digestive System - Large Intestine
Large Intestine
Cecum, Colon, Rectum, Anus
Cecum
Horse
no enzymatic digestion occurs in this organ... Functions: absorp…
Name the parts of the large intestine
blind sac at the beginning of the colon, comma shaped... small i…
Which species has a huge colon along with having both an ileo…
Large Intestine
no enzymatic digestion occurs in this organ... Functions: absorp…
Cecum, Colon, Rectum, Anus
Name the parts of the large intestine
11 terms
digestive system: small intestine
duodenum
jejunum
ileum
3 levels of increased surface area in…
1st part of small intestine... mixing bowl
2nd part of small intestine... most of chemical digestion, nutri…
3rd part of small intestine... longest... ends at ileocecal valve
circular folds, villi, microvilli
duodenum
1st part of small intestine... mixing bowl
jejunum
2nd part of small intestine... most of chemical digestion, nutri…
Digestive System - Stomach/ Small Intestine
Cardiac Spincter
Cardia
Fundus
Body of Stomach
Cardiac Spincter
Cardia
Digestive System (Large Intestine)
cecum
ascending colon
transverse colon
descending colon
cecum
ascending colon
digestive system (small intestine)
Duodenum
jejunum
ileum
ileocecal valve
Duodenum
jejunum
15 terms
The Digestive System (Large intestine)
Large intestine
Appendix
Rectum
Internal anal sphincter
Stores digestive wastes and reabsorbs water
Slender, hollow
Expandable organ for temporary storage of feces- release
Circular muscle layer of muscularis externa- not under volunt…
Large intestine
Stores digestive wastes and reabsorbs water
Appendix
Slender, hollow
31 terms
Digestive system - small intestine
1. signals the stomach to down regulat…
food into the duodenum
the duodenum is smaller and it receive…
sense bulk
what happens when food enters the duodenum?
what happens in the intestinal phase?
why does the duodenum talk back to the stomach?
what do mechanoreceptors (stretch) sense?
1. signals the stomach to down regulat…
what happens when food enters the duodenum?
food into the duodenum
what happens in the intestinal phase?
Digestive System: intestines
duodenum
Ileum
jejunum
ileocecal valve
the lower portion of the small intestine
the upper portion of the small intestine
duodenum
Ileum
the lower portion of the small intestine
Digestive System: Large Intestine
What is the large intestine also known…
What does the large intestine do?
How long is the large intestine and wh…
What is the rectum?
The colon
Concentrates, mixes, and stores waste material
A little over a meter in length, it ascends on the right side…
A short tube for waste disposal
What is the large intestine also known…
The colon
What does the large intestine do?
Concentrates, mixes, and stores waste material
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