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Study sets matching "anatomy endocrine system"

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Study sets matching "anatomy endocrine system"

18 terms
Anatomy- Endocrine System
Hormones
hypothalimus
adrenal
parathyroid
bodily chemical messages from one set of cells to another, af…
links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pitu…
gland that releases hormones in conjunction with stress
gland that controls the amount of calcium in the blood and bo…
Hormones
bodily chemical messages from one set of cells to another, af…
hypothalimus
links the nervous system to the endocrine system via the pitu…
8 terms
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
pineal
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
pineal
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
8 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy
pineal
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
pineal
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
22 terms
Anatomy of Endocrine System
Endocrine system
Endocrinology
Blood vessels
Hormones
controlling system of the body that works with the nervous sy…
study of hormones and endocrine system... -Endocrine glands are…
pick up hormones secreted by endocrine glands and distributes…
chemical messengers synthesized by the cells of the endocrine…
Endocrine system
controlling system of the body that works with the nervous sy…
Endocrinology
study of hormones and endocrine system... -Endocrine glands are…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
14 terms
Anatomy- Chapter 10: The Endocrine System
endocrine cell
first messenger
general adaptation syndrome
glucagon
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
A model of the body's response to chronic stress; the three p…
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that…
endocrine cell
glandular secretory cells that release signal molecules into…
first messenger
A hormone that acts as a message in the blood stream, binding…
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
113 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy
Hormones, simplified
Pineal gland, simplified
Thymus gland, simplified
Thyroid gland, simplified
Chemicals secreted by glands.
Regulates daily rhythms. Think melatonin in the middle of the…
On top of heart. Involved in immune system - makes T-lymphocy…
Controls metabolism. Increased T3 and T4 speeds up metabolism…
Hormones, simplified
Chemicals secreted by glands.
Pineal gland, simplified
Regulates daily rhythms. Think melatonin in the middle of the…
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
infundibulum
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
7 terms
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
thymus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
produces cells for immune system
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
thyroid
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
Gross Anatomy of Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Sella Turcica
Infundibulum
Anterior Pituitary
What is being pointed to?
This houses the pituitary gland.
This attaches the posterior part of the pituitary to the hypo…
What is the name of the orange area in the picture?
Pituitary Gland
What is being pointed to?
Sella Turcica
This houses the pituitary gland.
69 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
Adenylate cyclase
Adipose cell
Adrenal androgens
Adrenal cortex
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
masculinizing hormones such as testosterone produced by the a…
the portion of an endocrine gland that produces the hormones…
Adenylate cyclase
the enzyme that removes 2 phosphate molecules from ATP formin…
Adipose cell
a cell specialized for the storage of fat
29 terms
Unit 1 The Endocrine System (Anatomy)
What is often called the "Master Gland…
What is sometimes called the "Master o…
This organ produces hormones that trav…
What is another name for the anterior…
The pituitary gland (hypophysis cerebri); it is called this b…
The Hypothalamus, because it controls the pituitary gland; It…
The Hypothalamus
Anterior pituitary = Adenohypophysis; glandular epithelium... Po…
What is often called the "Master Gland…
The pituitary gland (hypophysis cerebri); it is called this b…
What is sometimes called the "Master o…
The Hypothalamus, because it controls the pituitary gland; It…
Ch 9 Endocrine System Anatomy
pineal
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
pineal
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
17 terms
Endocrine System - Anatomy & Physiology
Pituitary Gland
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
It's the gate keeper. ... Regulates the release & inhibition of…
The main function of thyroid hormones include increasing cell…
Pituitary Gland
Often called the "master gland".... Its actions are controlled b…
Pineal Gland
Functions include regulating: sleep patterns, migration patte…
126 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
Ovaries
Pituitary gland
Testis
Adrenal gland
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secon…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocort…
Ovaries
Produces the hormones that promote the development of the fem…
Pituitary gland
Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of t…
10 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
Human Anatomy:Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland
Hypothalamus
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland
-"Master Gland"... -Controls the activity of tissues throughout…
Brain structure that acts as a control center for recognition…
endocrine gland located below the voice box; it produces horm…
-4 islands... -any one of four endocrine glands... - behind the thy…
Pituitary Gland
-"Master Gland"... -Controls the activity of tissues throughout…
Hypothalamus
Brain structure that acts as a control center for recognition…
61 terms
Human Anatomy Endocrine System
Hormones
Exocrine (Function)
Endocrine
Hormone Negative Feedback Loop (Def.)
Chemical messengers, travel throughout body
Secreted into ducts
ductless, secrete directly into tissue and throughout bloodst…
Hormones do their job, then stops releasing
Hormones
Chemical messengers, travel throughout body
Exocrine (Function)
Secreted into ducts
16 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy
Pancreas
Pacreatic duct
Adrenal glands
Hypothalamus
Pancreas
Pacreatic duct
33 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
aldosterone hormone
antidiuretic hormone
calcitonin
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
secreted by posterior pituitary gland; targets kidneys causin…
released by thyroid; stimulates calcium deposition in bones
adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) hormone
secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland; targets adrenal…
aldosterone hormone
released by the adrenal cortex; targets kidneys, promoting th…
Anatomy Endocrine System Review
What is the function of the endocrine…
Mechanisms of hormone action
What are the three endocrine gland sti…
Mechanisms for Hormone Action: Steroid…
Chemical control, sleep control, homeostasis control, storage…
Gland -> hormone -> blood -> target cell -> action
1. Hormonal- slows, hormone... 2. Humoral- medium, concentration…
-lipid... -lipid soluble (water insoluble)... ex: testosteron/estro…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Chemical control, sleep control, homeostasis control, storage…
Mechanisms of hormone action
Gland -> hormone -> blood -> target cell -> action
9 terms
Anatomy: Endocrine System
Adrenal (Suprarenal)
Ovaries (Female)
Pancreas
Parathyroids (Dorsal)
Endocrine glands atop kidneys; produce hormones
Reproductive glands
Gland that secretes digestive enzymes, hormones
Glands that control calcium, phosphorus levels in the blood
Adrenal (Suprarenal)
Endocrine glands atop kidneys; produce hormones
Ovaries (Female)
Reproductive glands
8 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy
pineal
hypothalamus
thyroid
adrenals
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
secretes thyroxin, controls metabolic rate
located just above the kidneys; produces hormone that regulat…
pineal
Releases melatonin- sleep cycle
hypothalamus
limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperatu…
74 terms
The Endocrine System ANATOMY
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands:
- Pituitary... - thyroid / parathyroid ... -…
exerts point-to-point control through nerves, from CNS to eff…
sends hormonal messages to essentially all cells by secretion…
• are scattered throughout the body... •are ductless glands... •rel…
Pure endocrine organs:
Nervous system
exerts point-to-point control through nerves, from CNS to eff…
Endocrine system
sends hormonal messages to essentially all cells by secretion…
75 terms
Endocrine system Anatomy
Nervous system... Endocrine system... This t…
Slow
Fast
Long
Two body systems share the responsibility for comtrol and coo…
Reaction to Stimuli in endocrine system ?
Reaction to stimuli in nervous system ?
Duration of effect in endocrine system?
Nervous system... Endocrine system... This t…
Two body systems share the responsibility for comtrol and coo…
Slow
Reaction to Stimuli in endocrine system ?
11 terms
Endocrine System Anatomy
Hypothalamus
Thyroid Gland
Parathyroid Glands
Thymus
Contains Pituitary Gland, within the Sella Turcica specifical…
Largest organ in the body entirely dedicated to endocrine fun…
4 on posterior side of Thyroid Gland... Produce and secrete PTH
Releases Thymosin... Above the heart
Hypothalamus
Contains Pituitary Gland, within the Sella Turcica specifical…
Thyroid Gland
Largest organ in the body entirely dedicated to endocrine fun…
47 terms
Anatomy Endocrine System
TSH
ACTH
FSH
LH
thyroid stimulating hormone- targets the Thyroid. Abbreviatio…
adrenocorticotropic hormone- tells adrenal cortex to release…
follicle stimulating hormone- Targets ovaries/testes. Abbrevi…
luteinizing hormone- Targets ovaries/testes. Abbreviation? (a…
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone- targets the Thyroid. Abbreviatio…
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone- tells adrenal cortex to release…
Endocrine System, gross anatomy
pituitary gland
anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)
infundibulum
pituitary gland
anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
16 terms
Anatomy- Endocrine system
Adrenal glands
Adrenalin
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Endocrine glands
endocrine glands situated on the kidneys.
the common name for the hormone epinephrine.
a hormone that controls the amount of urine produced by the b…
glands that produce hormones.
Adrenal glands
endocrine glands situated on the kidneys.
Adrenalin
the common name for the hormone epinephrine.
Endocrine System Anatomy
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Pineal gland
Thyroid gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
40 terms
Anatomy - Endocrine System
Exocrine Secretion
Endocrine Secretion
Hormones
Environmental signals
Secretion released through a duct to the outside of the body…
Secretion released directly into the bloodstream. Ductless. E…
Signals that come from inside the body. Produced by endocrine…
Signals the originate from outside the body in which the body…
Exocrine Secretion
Secretion released through a duct to the outside of the body…
Endocrine Secretion
Secretion released directly into the bloodstream. Ductless. E…
Anatomy Endocrine System Review
What is the function of the endocrine…
Mechanisms of hormone action
What are the three endocrine gland sti…
Mechanisms for Hormone Action: Steroid…
Chemical control, sleep control, homeostasis control, storage…
Gland -> hormone -> blood -> target cell -> action
1. Hormonal- slows, hormone... 2. Humoral- medium, concentration…
-lipid... -lipid soluble (water insoluble)... ex: testosteron/estro…
What is the function of the endocrine…
Chemical control, sleep control, homeostasis control, storage…
Mechanisms of hormone action
Gland -> hormone -> blood -> target cell -> action
74 terms
The Endocrine System ANATOMY
Nervous system
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands:
- Pituitary... - thyroid / parathyroid ... -…
exerts point-to-point control through nerves, from CNS to eff…
sends hormonal messages to essentially all cells by secretion…
• are scattered throughout the body... •are ductless glands... •rel…
Pure endocrine organs:
Nervous system
exerts point-to-point control through nerves, from CNS to eff…
Endocrine system
sends hormonal messages to essentially all cells by secretion…
Endocrine System (Anatomy Lab)
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
front half
back half
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
88 terms
Endocrine system anatomy
Describe the pancreas position?
Is the whole of the pancreas retroperi…
What are the different parts of the pa…
Where does the head of the pancreas lie?
A soft lobulated organ that lies slightly oblique on the post…
All of the pancreas is retroperitoneal except the tail - whic…
1) head with uncinate process... 2) body... 3) neck... 4) tail
The head of the pancreas lies within the C-shaped concavity o…
Describe the pancreas position?
A soft lobulated organ that lies slightly oblique on the post…
Is the whole of the pancreas retroperi…
All of the pancreas is retroperitoneal except the tail - whic…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
5 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Endocrine System (anatomy)
pineal gland
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
pancreas
pineal gland
pituitary gland
51 terms
Anatomy. Endocrine system
OT
GH
LH
ADH
Oxytocin
Growth Hormone
Luteinizing Hormone
Antidiuretic Hormone
OT
Oxytocin
GH
Growth Hormone
27 terms
Anatomy 202 Endocrine System
hpothalamus
infundibulum
pituitary gland
anterior pituitary
hypothalamic - pituitary-adrenal (HPA axis)
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
Master Gland
adenohypophysis
hpothalamus
hypothalamic - pituitary-adrenal (HPA axis)
infundibulum
A stalk that attaches the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus.
12 terms
HAP Endocrine System (Anatomy)
Hypothalamus
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Pineal
Hypothalamus
Anterior Pituitary
33 terms
Anatomy: Endocrine System
Pineal glanded location and shape
Hormones
Pituitary gland location and size
Hormones of the pituitary gland (Anter…
middle of the brain.
A chemical substance that alters the body's functions
base of the brain... size of a pea (also known as the master gla…
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH)... Thyroid-stimulating hormo…
Pineal glanded location and shape
middle of the brain.
Hormones
A chemical substance that alters the body's functions
29 terms
Anatomy: Endocrine system
pancreas
thymus
glucocorticoids
Diabetes insipidus
endocrine gland made up of islets of Langerhans; secretes ins…
gland that controls the development of the body's immune syst…
could be used to treat allergies; hypersecretion causes Cushi…
low ADH hormone; produce lots of urine
pancreas
endocrine gland made up of islets of Langerhans; secretes ins…
thymus
gland that controls the development of the body's immune syst…
71 terms
ANATOMY:EndocrineSystem
how does the hypothalamus stimulate th…
the hypothalamus makes ___ hormones th…
the pituitary gland is protected by th…
size of the pituitary gland
by releasing hormones
2... posterior pituitary
sphenoid
a small grape
how does the hypothalamus stimulate th…
by releasing hormones
the hypothalamus makes ___ hormones th…
2... posterior pituitary
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
19 terms
Gross Anatomy of Endocrine System
Thymus
Pancreas
Hypothalamus
Pineal Gland
What gland is this?
What gland is this?
What gland is this?
What gland is this?
Thymus
What gland is this?
Pancreas
What gland is this?
42 terms
Anatomy - Endocrine System practice
What is the endocrine system? What is…
How are the nervous system and endocri…
Hormones are chemical substances that…
The target cells for receptors must be…
a communication system that is composed of glands that secret…
nervous system is fast (like a text message), endocrine syste…
blood... target cell
specific receptors to which the hormone binds
What is the endocrine system? What is…
a communication system that is composed of glands that secret…
How are the nervous system and endocri…
nervous system is fast (like a text message), endocrine syste…
81 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
Endocrinology
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Secrete their products into the interstitial fluid surroundin…
The science of the structure and function of the endocrine sy…
Hormone
A mediator molecule that is released in one a part of the bod…
Exocrine Glands
Secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
Anatomy and Physiology Endocrine System
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Glycosolation
endocrinology
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
when the glucose damages the cells then damages the pancreas.…
The study or hormones and the endocrine system
Type 1 Diabetes
Pancreas fails coproduce insulin... imune system malfunction ... wi…
Type 2 Diabetes
90% of diabetes patients are type 2... insulin resistant, body f…
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