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Study sets matching "anatomy exam 2"

73 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What are the parts of a neuromuscular…
Motor neuron - ... Motor end plate - ... Synaptic cleft - ... Synaptic…
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
100 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneou…
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
3 regions associated with skin
region of the skin associated with protection; composed of st…
region of the skin associated with sense receptor; cushions f…
region of the skin associated with fat/energy storage; protec…
epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneou…
3 regions associated with skin
epidermis
region of the skin associated with protection; composed of st…
87 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 Study Guide
Define joint
What are the three structures o the cl…
Describe Fibrous Joints
Describe Cartilaginous
1. joints (arthrosis) - articulation of 2 or more bones... 2. Th…
1. fibrous... 2. cartilaginous... 3. synovial
These joints are joined together by connective tissue fibers.…
These joints are joined together by hyaline cartilage or fibr…
Define joint
1. joints (arthrosis) - articulation of 2 or more bones... 2. Th…
What are the three structures o the cl…
1. fibrous... 2. cartilaginous... 3. synovial
56 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 RUSVM
Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
semimembranosus
sartorius
equine:... sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity... patel…
ischitaic tuberosity... disto-cranial border of tibia, medial su…
ischiatic tuberosity... distal medial lip of caudal rough surfac…
cranial- crest of ilium to patella... caudal- tuber coxae to cra…
Biceps femoris
equine:... sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity... patel…
Semitendinosus
ischitaic tuberosity... disto-cranial border of tibia, medial su…
55 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Support, protection, mineral storage,…
Sutral
Irregular
Short bone
Functions of the Skeletal system include:... SPMB
Type of bone:... Wormian bones, bones that form between sutures
Type of bone:... bones that have complex shapes, Vertebrae
Type of bone:... Small with irregular shapes. Found in wrist and…
Support, protection, mineral storage,…
Functions of the Skeletal system include:... SPMB
Sutral
Type of bone:... Wormian bones, bones that form between sutures
14 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 - Joints
Arthrology
Bony, Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
Immoveable, Slightly moveable and Free…
Bony Joints
The study of articulations.
What are the four anatomical classifications of joints?
What are the three physiological classifications of joints?
A joint that is completely immovable. Classified by two bones…
Arthrology
The study of articulations.
Bony, Fibrous, Cartilaginous, Synovial
What are the four anatomical classifications of joints?
69 terms
Anatomy exam 2
electrically excitable
multipolar picture
multipolar neuron
Bipolar picture
respond to stimulus and create action potential
multiple dendrites and 1 axon... most CNS neurons & all motor ne…
electrically excitable
respond to stimulus and create action potential
multipolar picture
282 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Frontal
Coronal
Parietal
Sagittal, coronal, lambdoidal, squamous
What bone is this
What is the suture of the frontal bone?
What bones are these?
What are the four sutures of the parietal bone?
Frontal
What bone is this
Coronal
What is the suture of the frontal bone?
190 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Automaticity
Autorhythmicity
Means of stimulation... Organ instead of…
Influx of sodium by the opening of vol…
A cells ability to depolarize itself
Responsible for synchronizing the contractile cells to coordi…
List the 4 functional properties of cardiac muscle
What gives rise to action potential in the electrical event t…
Automaticity
A cells ability to depolarize itself
Autorhythmicity
Responsible for synchronizing the contractile cells to coordi…
50 terms
Osteology Pictures Anatomy Exam 2
lumbar vertebrae
zygopophysial joint
inter-vertebral foramen
cervical vertebrae
- notice blunt end... - looks like a moose
- nerves exit
- smaller
lumbar vertebrae
- notice blunt end... - looks like a moose
zygopophysial joint
91 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Order of Sperm flow
Alveoli
Areola
Morula
1. Seminiferous tubule 2. Straight tubule 3.Rete testis 4.Eff…
Where milk is produced in the mammary gland
darkened area around the nipple
solid sphere of that develops after fertilization
Order of Sperm flow
1. Seminiferous tubule 2. Straight tubule 3.Rete testis 4.Eff…
Alveoli
Where milk is produced in the mammary gland
35 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Sulcus
Fissure
longitudinal fissure
lateral fissure
shallow groove
deep groove
divides cerebrum into 2 hemispheres (left and right)
separates temporal lobe from frontal and parietal lobes
Sulcus
shallow groove
Fissure
deep groove
164 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Kidney Stones
Polycystic Kidney
Renal Cancer
Rectovesical Pouch
made of insoluble calcium salts; can get stuck in the renal p…
kidney covers in closes sacs w/ their own membrane (filled wi…
2% of all cancers; more common in males; most are malignant t…
male pouch between bladder and rectum
Kidney Stones
made of insoluble calcium salts; can get stuck in the renal p…
Polycystic Kidney
kidney covers in closes sacs w/ their own membrane (filled wi…
128 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Fusiform Muscles
Parallel muscles
Convergent Muscles
Pennate Muscles
Is a type of parallel muscle. They are wider and cylindricall…
The fascicles are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the mu…
The muscle fibers are based over a broad area, but all fibers…
One or more tendons run through the body of the muscle, and t…
Fusiform Muscles
Is a type of parallel muscle. They are wider and cylindricall…
Parallel muscles
The fascicles are parallel to the longitudinal axis of the mu…
174 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Musculoskeletal System
Cartilage
Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
consists of cartilage (components of joints, cushion bones, f…
connective tissue - cells are chondrocytes - located in lacun…
most abundant type of cartilage -ground substances hold lots…
type of cartilage - similar to hyaline, but matrix includes e…
Musculoskeletal System
consists of cartilage (components of joints, cushion bones, f…
Cartilage
connective tissue - cells are chondrocytes - located in lacun…
258 terms
anatomy & physiology exam 2
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
tissue that is responsible for support, movement, and heat ge…
tissue that's responsible for controlling other organs, recei…
epithelial
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
connective
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
328 terms
Anatomy Flashcards (Exam 2) - Wright
thorax
functions found within the thorax (list)
thoracic wall
thoracic cavity
anterior body region between the neck and abdomen... includes t…
- breathing... - protection of the heart, lungs and the great ve…
musculoskeletal wall in the shape of a truncated cone... two op…
internal space enclosed by the thoracic wall and inferiorly b…
thorax
anterior body region between the neck and abdomen... includes t…
functions found within the thorax (list)
- breathing... - protection of the heart, lungs and the great ve…
198 terms
anatomy exam 2
3 critical functions of blood
structure of blood
3 components of cardiovascular system
cyanosis
transport- RBC and plasma... Regulation- monitor walls, bp, and…
liquid connective tissue ... color variation... volume variation... ne…
piping, fluid, pump
pulse Ox < 70%
3 critical functions of blood
transport- RBC and plasma... Regulation- monitor walls, bp, and…
structure of blood
liquid connective tissue ... color variation... volume variation... ne…
274 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Functions of the integumentary system
2 major tissue layers of skin
Dermis
Epidermis (mention main cell type)
1.)protection... 2.)Sensation... 3.)Temperature regulation... 4.)Vitam…
epidermis (superficial layer)... dermis
connective tissue ... much thick than epidermis... responsible for…
stratified squamous... main cell=keratinocyte... contains melanocytes
Functions of the integumentary system
1.)protection... 2.)Sensation... 3.)Temperature regulation... 4.)Vitam…
2 major tissue layers of skin
epidermis (superficial layer)... dermis
115 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
6 functions of bones
% of bone weight
Bone matrix
osteoprogenitors
1. protection... 2. movement... 3. support... 4. hemopoiesis (blood ce…
less than 1%= cell... 99%= matrix
- 1/3 organic components... cells, *collagen fibers*, ground…
bone cell... mesenchymal stem cells ... ->produce a stem cell and o…
6 functions of bones
1. protection... 2. movement... 3. support... 4. hemopoiesis (blood ce…
% of bone weight
less than 1%= cell... 99%= matrix
54 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Teres Major
Serratus Anterior
Pectoralis Major... (Pecto-raless)
Pectoralis Minor
O: Inferior angle of the Scapula... I: Medial Lip of the Intert…
O: Ribs 1-9... I: Medial Border of the Scapula... A: Protraction…
O: -Medial Half of the clavicle... -Sternum... I: Lateral Lip of…
O: Medial portion of the 3rd - 5th Ribs... I: Coracoid Process…
Teres Major
O: Inferior angle of the Scapula... I: Medial Lip of the Intert…
Serratus Anterior
O: Ribs 1-9... I: Medial Border of the Scapula... A: Protraction…
199 terms
anatomy exam 2
3 functional categories of joints
3 structural categories of joints
what hold together fibrous joints?
suture
Synarthroses: immovable joint (skull)... arphiarthroses: slightl…
fibrous- linked by cartilage connective tissue... cartilagenous-…
immovable collagen fibers
fibrous joint, on the scull, dense regular collagenous connec…
3 functional categories of joints
Synarthroses: immovable joint (skull)... arphiarthroses: slightl…
3 structural categories of joints
fibrous- linked by cartilage connective tissue... cartilagenous-…
Anatomy Exam 2
Chondroblasts
Collagen Fibers
Osteoblasts and Chondroblasts
Fetal Development
In hyaline cartilage, the cells that produce new matrix are c…
The flexible strength of bone is attributed to this:
Osteochondral progenitor cell give rise to these:
Endochondral ossification begins at this time:
Chondroblasts
In hyaline cartilage, the cells that produce new matrix are c…
Collagen Fibers
The flexible strength of bone is attributed to this:
164 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Axial skeleton
Axial skeleton includes
The skull contains how many bones?
Vertebral column contains how many bon…
longitudinal axis of the body ... contains 80 bones, ... strong, wi…
skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
8 cranial bones, 14 facial bones
24 vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx
Axial skeleton
longitudinal axis of the body ... contains 80 bones, ... strong, wi…
Axial skeleton includes
skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
38 terms
Dental Anatomy Exam 2
In the maxillary arch, facial embrasur…
Maxillary Canine contacting maxillary…
Mesial portions of crowns are generall…
Permanent molar roots are individually…
Maxillary Occlusal Embrasures - maxillary teeth normally tape…
Maxillary Facial Embrasures
Tooth form generalizations
Primary vs. Permanent Roots
In the maxillary arch, facial embrasur…
Maxillary Occlusal Embrasures - maxillary teeth normally tape…
Maxillary Canine contacting maxillary…
Maxillary Facial Embrasures
284 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What is a cell membrane? 4 functions?
What is the inside of a cell membrane?
What is the outside of a cell membrane?
The cell membrane allows the inside co…
The barrier that separates the inside of a cell from outside…
Cytosol, intracellular
extracellular, interstitial
Be different from extracellular concentration of solutes.
What is a cell membrane? 4 functions?
The barrier that separates the inside of a cell from outside…
What is the inside of a cell membrane?
Cytosol, intracellular
202 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Integumentary system
Epidermis
Stratum granulosum
Stratum corneum
provides insulation and protection
Top layer of skin
Keratin added to cell structure... Helps with H2O proofing
Dead cells-Multiple layers... Water resistant
Integumentary system
provides insulation and protection
Epidermis
Top layer of skin
86 terms
Anatomy - Exam 2
Introduction to Muscles -
Four basic properties:
Excitability
Contractility
...
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
ability to respond to stimulation... Skeletal muscles: respond t…
ability to actively shorten and exert tension
Introduction to Muscles -
...
Four basic properties:
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
324 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
Point where bone meets bone and connec…
1) Diarthrotic ... 2) Amphiarthrotic... 3) S…
Freely movable
What are the three joint classifications?
What is a joint?
Rank the following in terms of mobility from most mobile to l…
Diarthrotic is freely movable, slightly movable, or immovable
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
What are the three joint classifications?
Point where bone meets bone and connec…
What is a joint?
172 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Internal Hemorrhoids pain innervation
External hemorrhoids pain innervation
Visceral epithelium in Kidney contains…
what drains into hepatic portal?
S2-S4 parasympathetic (visceral)
S2-S4 somatic afferent
control filtration
R gastric vein (stomach)... superior mesenteric vein (large inte…
Internal Hemorrhoids pain innervation
S2-S4 parasympathetic (visceral)
External hemorrhoids pain innervation
S2-S4 somatic afferent
125 terms
Anatomy* Exam 2
cancellous bone
periosteum
perichondrium
circumferential lamellae
It is NOT spongy bone, but . . .
outer lining of bone
outer lining of bone where there is cartilage
cancellous bone
It is NOT spongy bone, but . . .
periosteum
outer lining of bone
202 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What is a nerve?
Endoneurium
Schwann cells produce...
Schwann cells surround...
A bundle of axons
Thin connective tissue layer immediately surrounding Schwann…
Myelin sheath
peripheral nerve fibers
What is a nerve?
A bundle of axons
Endoneurium
Thin connective tissue layer immediately surrounding Schwann…
105 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Muscles 1
Rigor Mortis
Functions of muscle
Heat production during muscle acticity
start
Stiffening of the body after death... - ten minutes to ten hours…
- Movement (moves skin, smooth muscles contract, blood moves…
- 40 percent is useful as work (remaining energy is given off…
Muscles 1
start
Rigor Mortis
Stiffening of the body after death... - ten minutes to ten hours…
99 terms
Functional Anatomy Exam 2
synarthroses
suture joint
syndesmosis joint
synchondrosis
non-synovial joint characterized by fibrous or cartilagenous…
fibrous joint - minimal amount of fibers, fuses in adulthood…
larger amount of fibers between bones e.g. interosseuous memb…
various amounts of cartilage between two bones e.g. hyaline c…
synarthroses
non-synovial joint characterized by fibrous or cartilagenous…
suture joint
fibrous joint - minimal amount of fibers, fuses in adulthood…
162 terms
Dental Anatomy Exam 2
Smallest embrasure in the mandibular a…
Largest embrasure in the mandible
Largest embrasure in the mandibular an…
(Maxillary arch) Mesial contact areas…
At the midline
Between canine and first premolar
Between lateral incisor and canine
Facial
Smallest embrasure in the mandibular a…
At the midline
Largest embrasure in the mandible
Between canine and first premolar
73 terms
Exam 2 Anatomy
synarthroses
amphiarthroses
diarthroses
articular cartilage or joint capsule
immovable joints; suture
slightly movable joints
freely movable; synovial
What are synovial joints covered by?
synarthroses
immovable joints; suture
amphiarthroses
slightly movable joints
311 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
integument
epidermis
keratinocytes
melanocytes
consists of three major regions: the epidermis, the dermis, a…
outermost portion of the skin that is exposed to external env…
produce keratin ( a protective protein) in the epidermis
produce melanin (dark pigment) in the epidermis
integument
consists of three major regions: the epidermis, the dermis, a…
epidermis
outermost portion of the skin that is exposed to external env…
350 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What tissues make up bones?
What makes up the skeletal system?
Functions of the skeletal system
How do anatomists classify bones?
1. Osseous tissue... 2. Cartilage... 3. Dense connective tissue... 4.…
All of the bones and their cartilages, along with ligaments a…
1. Support soft tissue and provide attachment points for tend…
1. long bones... 2. Short bones... 3. Flat bones... 4. Irregular bones…
What tissues make up bones?
1. Osseous tissue... 2. Cartilage... 3. Dense connective tissue... 4.…
What makes up the skeletal system?
All of the bones and their cartilages, along with ligaments a…
22 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 - Lecture 2
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory/Motor
Somatic/Visceral
brain and spinal cord
nerves of the body
sensory: input... motor: output
somatic: body, skin, skeletal muscle... visceral: guts
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
nerves of the body
73 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What are the parts of a neuromuscular…
Motor neuron - ... Motor end plate - ... Synaptic cleft - ... Synaptic…
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
105 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
4 Tissues
Epithelial Characteristics
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Covers organs of the body... Lines body cavities and hollow orga…
Single layer of flat cells... Substances pass easily through... Lin…
Single layer of cubed cells... Line Kidney tubules, ovaries, and…
4 Tissues
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous
Epithelial Characteristics
Covers organs of the body... Lines body cavities and hollow orga…
100 terms
Anatomy EXAM 2
Muscle is an ______
Muscle consists of...
3 types of muscle tissue
Characteristics of skeletal muscle tis…
Organ
1. muscle tissue... 2. blood vessels... 3. nerves... 4. connective tis…
1. skeletal... 2. cardiac... 3. smooth
-found around skeleton... -Moves bones and other structures... -Str…
Muscle is an ______
Organ
Muscle consists of...
1. muscle tissue... 2. blood vessels... 3. nerves... 4. connective tis…
315 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Exam 2
functions of bones
skeletal cartilage
perichondrium
hyaline cartilage
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
-surrounds cartilage... -dense connective tissue girdle... -contain…
-provides support, flexibility, and resilience... -collagen fibe…
functions of bones
-support and protect softer tissues... -provide points of attach…
skeletal cartilage
-no blood vessels or nerves... -in joints where bones meet... -atta…
63 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Integumentary System
Integumentary System consists of
Integumentary System functions
Skin has ___ layers. They are..
most noticeable... viewed as "least important"... first line of def…
skin (main organ), hair, nails, and glands (accessory organs.…
protection, blood reservoir, temperature regulation, sensatio…
three; epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis (subcutaneous layer;…
Integumentary System
most noticeable... viewed as "least important"... first line of def…
Integumentary System consists of
skin (main organ), hair, nails, and glands (accessory organs.…
72 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
plasma
percent of blood volume that is RBC
leukocytes and platlets
erythrocytes
what layer of blood makes up the largest component?
what is hematocrit?
what makes up the buffy coat layer of blood?
what layer of blood makes up the most dense component?
plasma
what layer of blood makes up the largest component?
percent of blood volume that is RBC
what is hematocrit?
67 terms
ANATOMY EXAM 2
skeletal system
functions of the skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular
bones, cartilages, ligaments
support, protection, movements, electrolyte balance, acid-bas…
skull, vertebrae, sternum,
pectoral girdle, upper extremity, pelvic girdle, lower extrem…
skeletal system
bones, cartilages, ligaments
functions of the skeleton
support, protection, movements, electrolyte balance, acid-bas…
283 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
integumentary system
skin
hypodermis or subcutaneous layer
functions of skin
-gatekeeper... -largest organ in the body... -16% body weight ... -1.5…
-superficial fascia-- subcutaneous ... -loose connective tissue…
-protection (first line of defense)... -prevents water loos... -imm…
integumentary system
-gatekeeper... -largest organ in the body... -16% body weight ... -1.5…
skin
131 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
spinal cord
cervical area
thoracic area
lumbar area
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
between cervical and lumbar area; 12 segments and 12 nerves;…
between thoracic and sacral area; 5 segments 5 nerves; innerv…
spinal cord
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
cervical area
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
161 terms
Anatomy 231 Lec Exam 2 RIC Baum
Functions of Muscle Tissue
Contractility
Excitability
Extensibility
maintenance of posture... joint stabilization ... heat generation... m…
Can _forcibly_ shorten
Can be _stimulated_ by nerve impulses
Can be _stretched_
Functions of Muscle Tissue
maintenance of posture... joint stabilization ... heat generation... m…
Contractility
Can _forcibly_ shorten
84 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
how many carpal bones are in the wrist
how many bones does the Os Coxae start…
What are the 3 individual bones of the…
5 parts of the femur
8
3
Ilium, ischium, pubis
head, neck, trochanters, condyles, epidcondyles
how many carpal bones are in the wrist
8
how many bones does the Os Coxae start…
3
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