Study sets matching "anatomy exam 2"

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Study sets matching "anatomy exam 2"

435 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
excitability
contractibility
extensibility
elasticity
respond to stimulus
shorten and exert tension
ability to contract even when stretched
can return to original length after contraction
excitability
respond to stimulus
contractibility
shorten and exert tension
100 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneou…
epidermis
dermis
subcutaneous layer
3 regions associated with skin
region of the skin associated with protection; composed of st…
region of the skin associated with sense receptor; cushions f…
region of the skin associated with fat/energy storage; protec…
epidermis, dermis, and the subcutaneou…
3 regions associated with skin
epidermis
region of the skin associated with protection; composed of st…
Anatomy Exam 2 Study Guide
Define joint
What are the three structures o the cl…
Describe Fibrous Joints
Describe Cartilaginous
1. joints (arthrosis) - articulation of 2 or more bones... 2. Th…
1. fibrous... 2. cartilaginous... 3. synovial
These joints are joined together by connective tissue fibers.…
These joints are joined together by hyaline cartilage or fibr…
Define joint
1. joints (arthrosis) - articulation of 2 or more bones... 2. Th…
What are the three structures o the cl…
1. fibrous... 2. cartilaginous... 3. synovial
56 terms
Anatomy Exam 2 RUSVM
Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
semimembranosus
sartorius
equine:... sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity... patel…
ischitaic tuberosity... disto-cranial border of tibia, medial su…
ischiatic tuberosity... distal medial lip of caudal rough surfac…
cranial- crest of ilium to patella... caudal- tuber coxae to cra…
Biceps femoris
equine:... sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity... patel…
Semitendinosus
ischitaic tuberosity... disto-cranial border of tibia, medial su…
171 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Synarthrosis
Amphiarthrosis
Diarthrosis
3 Types of Fibrous Articulations
immovable
slightly moveable
freely moveable
Sutures, Syndemoses, Gomphoses
Synarthrosis
immovable
Amphiarthrosis
slightly moveable
Anatomy Exam 2
Synarthrose Joints
Amphiarthrose Joints
Diarthrose Joints
Fibrous joints
allow no movement
Allow some movement
freely moveable
bones are connected by fibrous tissue. very little, if an, mo…
Synarthrose Joints
allow no movement
Amphiarthrose Joints
Allow some movement
69 terms
Anatomy exam 2
electrically excitable
multipolar picture
multipolar neuron
Bipolar picture
respond to stimulus and create action potential
multiple dendrites and 1 axon... most CNS neurons & all motor ne…
electrically excitable
respond to stimulus and create action potential
multipolar picture
282 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Frontal
Coronal
Parietal
Sagittal, coronal, lambdoidal, squamous
What bone is this
What is the suture of the frontal bone?
What bones are these?
What are the four sutures of the parietal bone?
Frontal
What bone is this
Coronal
What is the suture of the frontal bone?
Anatomy Exam 2
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
What are the parts of a neuromuscular…
Motor neuron - ... Motor end plate - ... Synaptic cleft - ... Synaptic…
What muscle tissue is this?
What muscle tissue is this?
86 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
"arthron" "artic"
kinesiology
joint characteristics
articular cartilage
joint
applied science, mechanics of motion
bone-bone, bone-cartilage, bone-teeth... allows for growth... can l…
resembles hyaline but lacks perichondrium... matrix holds fluid,…
"arthron" "artic"
joint
kinesiology
applied science, mechanics of motion
196 terms
Anatomy: Exam 2
What are the 3 prime movers of the sho…
Latissimus Dorsi
Pectoralis major
deltoid
deltoid ... pectoralis major ... latissimus dorsi
o: spine of thoracic vertebra, sacrum, iliac crest, lower rib…
o: sternum... i: lateral border intertubercular/bicipital groove…
o: scapula, acromion, clavicle... i: deltoid tuberosity... a: anter…
What are the 3 prime movers of the sho…
deltoid ... pectoralis major ... latissimus dorsi
Latissimus Dorsi
o: spine of thoracic vertebra, sacrum, iliac crest, lower rib…
Anatomy Exam 2
Order of Sperm flow
Alveoli
Areola
Morula
1. Seminiferous tubule 2. Straight tubule 3.Rete testis 4.Eff…
Where milk is produced in the mammary gland
darkened area around the nipple
solid sphere of that develops after fertilization
Order of Sperm flow
1. Seminiferous tubule 2. Straight tubule 3.Rete testis 4.Eff…
Alveoli
Where milk is produced in the mammary gland
Anatomy Exam 2
Sulcus
Fissure
longitudinal fissure
lateral fissure
shallow groove
deep groove
divides cerebrum into 2 hemispheres (left and right)
separates temporal lobe from frontal and parietal lobes
Sulcus
shallow groove
Fissure
deep groove
190 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Automaticity
Autorhythmicity
Means of stimulation... Organ instead of…
Influx of sodium by the opening of vol…
A cells ability to depolarize itself
Responsible for synchronizing the contractile cells to coordi…
List the 4 functional properties of cardiac muscle
What gives rise to action potential in the electrical event t…
Automaticity
A cells ability to depolarize itself
Autorhythmicity
Responsible for synchronizing the contractile cells to coordi…
328 terms
Anatomy Flashcards (Exam 2) - Wright
thorax
functions found within the thorax (list)
thoracic wall
thoracic cavity
anterior body region between the neck and abdomen... includes t…
- breathing... - protection of the heart, lungs and the great ve…
musculoskeletal wall in the shape of a truncated cone... two op…
internal space enclosed by the thoracic wall and inferiorly b…
thorax
anterior body region between the neck and abdomen... includes t…
functions found within the thorax (list)
- breathing... - protection of the heart, lungs and the great ve…
anatomy exam 2
3 functional categories of joints
3 structural categories of joints
what hold together fibrous joints?
suture
Synarthroses: immovable joint (skull)... arphiarthroses: slightl…
fibrous- linked by cartilage connective tissue... cartilagenous-…
immovable collagen fibers
fibrous joint, on the scull, dense regular collagenous connec…
3 functional categories of joints
Synarthroses: immovable joint (skull)... arphiarthroses: slightl…
3 structural categories of joints
fibrous- linked by cartilage connective tissue... cartilagenous-…
anatomy exam 2
3 critical functions of blood
structure of blood
3 components of cardiovascular system
cyanosis
transport- RBC and plasma... Regulation- monitor walls, bp, and…
liquid connective tissue ... color variation... volume variation... ne…
piping, fluid, pump
pulse Ox < 70%
3 critical functions of blood
transport- RBC and plasma... Regulation- monitor walls, bp, and…
structure of blood
liquid connective tissue ... color variation... volume variation... ne…
172 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Internal Hemorrhoids pain innervation
External hemorrhoids pain innervation
Visceral epithelium in Kidney contains…
what drains into hepatic portal?
S2-S4 parasympathetic (visceral)
S2-S4 somatic afferent
control filtration
R gastric vein (stomach)... superior mesenteric vein (large inte…
Internal Hemorrhoids pain innervation
S2-S4 parasympathetic (visceral)
External hemorrhoids pain innervation
S2-S4 somatic afferent
Anatomy Exam 2
Chondroblasts
Collagen Fibers
Osteoblasts and Chondroblasts
Fetal Development
In hyaline cartilage, the cells that produce new matrix are c…
The flexible strength of bone is attributed to this:
Osteochondral progenitor cell give rise to these:
Endochondral ossification begins at this time:
Chondroblasts
In hyaline cartilage, the cells that produce new matrix are c…
Collagen Fibers
The flexible strength of bone is attributed to this:
Anatomy Exam 2
Functions of the integumentary system
2 major tissue layers of skin
Dermis
Epidermis (mention main cell type)
1.)protection... 2.)Sensation... 3.)Temperature regulation... 4.)Vitam…
epidermis (superficial layer)... dermis
connective tissue ... much thick than epidermis... responsible for…
stratified squamous... main cell=keratinocyte... contains melanocytes
Functions of the integumentary system
1.)protection... 2.)Sensation... 3.)Temperature regulation... 4.)Vitam…
2 major tissue layers of skin
epidermis (superficial layer)... dermis
115 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
6 functions of bones
% of bone weight
Bone matrix
osteoprogenitors
1. protection... 2. movement... 3. support... 4. hemopoiesis (blood ce…
less than 1%= cell... 99%= matrix
- 1/3 organic components... cells, *collagen fibers*, ground…
bone cell... mesenchymal stem cells ... ->produce a stem cell and o…
6 functions of bones
1. protection... 2. movement... 3. support... 4. hemopoiesis (blood ce…
% of bone weight
less than 1%= cell... 99%= matrix
324 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
Point where bone meets bone and connec…
1) Diarthrotic ... 2) Amphiarthrotic... 3) S…
Freely movable
What are the three joint classifications?
What is a joint?
Rank the following in terms of mobility from most mobile to l…
Diarthrotic is freely movable, slightly movable, or immovable
Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial
What are the three joint classifications?
Point where bone meets bone and connec…
What is a joint?
125 terms
Anatomy* Exam 2
cancellous bone
periosteum
perichondrium
circumferential lamellae
It is NOT spongy bone, but . . .
outer lining of bone
outer lining of bone where there is cartilage
cancellous bone
It is NOT spongy bone, but . . .
periosteum
outer lining of bone
164 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Axial skeleton
Axial skeleton includes
The skull contains how many bones?
Vertebral column contains how many bon…
longitudinal axis of the body ... contains 80 bones, ... strong, wi…
skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
8 cranial bones, 14 facial bones
24 vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx
Axial skeleton
longitudinal axis of the body ... contains 80 bones, ... strong, wi…
Axial skeleton includes
skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage
202 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Integumentary system
Epidermis
Stratum granulosum
Stratum corneum
provides insulation and protection
Top layer of skin
Keratin added to cell structure... Helps with H2O proofing
Dead cells-Multiple layers... Water resistant
Integumentary system
provides insulation and protection
Epidermis
Top layer of skin
Anatomy - Exam 2
Introduction to Muscles -
Four basic properties:
Excitability
Contractility
...
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
ability to respond to stimulation... Skeletal muscles: respond t…
ability to actively shorten and exert tension
Introduction to Muscles -
...
Four basic properties:
Excitability, contractility, extensibility, elasticity
105 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Muscles 1
Rigor Mortis
Functions of muscle
Heat production during muscle acticity
start
Stiffening of the body after death... - ten minutes to ten hours…
- Movement (moves skin, smooth muscles contract, blood moves…
- 40 percent is useful as work (remaining energy is given off…
Muscles 1
start
Rigor Mortis
Stiffening of the body after death... - ten minutes to ten hours…
347 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Hyaline cartilage
Elastic cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Appositional growth
glassy
flexible
sturdy
occurs on outside, adding on layers of cells to the outside,…
Hyaline cartilage
glassy
Elastic cartilage
flexible
100 terms
Anatomy EXAM 2
Muscle is an ______
Muscle consists of...
3 types of muscle tissue
Characteristics of skeletal muscle tis…
Organ
1. muscle tissue... 2. blood vessels... 3. nerves... 4. connective tis…
1. skeletal... 2. cardiac... 3. smooth
-found around skeleton... -Moves bones and other structures... -Str…
Muscle is an ______
Organ
Muscle consists of...
1. muscle tissue... 2. blood vessels... 3. nerves... 4. connective tis…
63 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Integumentary System
Integumentary System consists of
Integumentary System functions
Skin has ___ layers. They are..
most noticeable... viewed as "least important"... first line of def…
skin (main organ), hair, nails, and glands (accessory organs.…
protection, blood reservoir, temperature regulation, sensatio…
three; epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis (subcutaneous layer;…
Integumentary System
most noticeable... viewed as "least important"... first line of def…
Integumentary System consists of
skin (main organ), hair, nails, and glands (accessory organs.…
Anatomy Exam 2
plasma
percent of blood volume that is RBC
leukocytes and platlets
erythrocytes
what layer of blood makes up the largest component?
what is hematocrit?
what makes up the buffy coat layer of blood?
what layer of blood makes up the most dense component?
plasma
what layer of blood makes up the largest component?
percent of blood volume that is RBC
what is hematocrit?
248 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What is the skin considered?
What is an organ?
What does the skin consist of?
Hypodermis (aka....?)... Part of skin?... Fu…
An organ
Structure formed by two or more tissues; has a specific funct…
Epidermis (Epithelium-keratinized stratified squamous epith)…
Subcutaneous layer or superficial fascia... NOT part of the skin…
What is the skin considered?
An organ
What is an organ?
Structure formed by two or more tissues; has a specific funct…
187 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
pectoralis minor
serratus anterior
levator scapulae
trapezius
action: protracts and depresses scapula
action: prime mover in scapula protraction; superiorly rotate…
elevates scapula; inferiorly rotates scapula
helps extend head, elevates scapula
pectoralis minor
action: protracts and depresses scapula
serratus anterior
action: prime mover in scapula protraction; superiorly rotate…
309 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Erector Spinae
Origin of Erector Spinae
insertion of erector spinae
action of erector spinae
Just a picture
Origin:... sacrum, spinous processes of lumbar vertebra
Insertion:... thoracic and cervical vertebrae; ribs; skull
Action:... bilaterally: extends head and vertebral column... unilat…
Erector Spinae
Just a picture
Origin of Erector Spinae
Origin:... sacrum, spinous processes of lumbar vertebra
226 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
What organs are in the integumentary s…
Skin Measurements
Layers of Skin
Epidermis
Skin, Skin appendages: hair, nails, glands (endocrine & apocr…
Surface area: 2m ^2... Weight: 4-5 kg... Thickness: 1.5-4 mm.
Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
Stratified squamous keratinized epithelium... Avascular (fed thr…
What organs are in the integumentary s…
Skin, Skin appendages: hair, nails, glands (endocrine & apocr…
Skin Measurements
Surface area: 2m ^2... Weight: 4-5 kg... Thickness: 1.5-4 mm.
Anatomy Exam 2 - Lecture 2
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory/Motor
Somatic/Visceral
brain and spinal cord
nerves of the body
sensory: input... motor: output
somatic: body, skin, skeletal muscle... visceral: guts
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
nerves of the body
67 terms
ANATOMY EXAM 2
skeletal system
functions of the skeleton
axial skeleton
appendicular
bones, cartilages, ligaments
support, protection, movements, electrolyte balance, acid-bas…
skull, vertebrae, sternum,
pectoral girdle, upper extremity, pelvic girdle, lower extrem…
skeletal system
bones, cartilages, ligaments
functions of the skeleton
support, protection, movements, electrolyte balance, acid-bas…
283 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
integumentary system
skin
hypodermis or subcutaneous layer
functions of skin
-gatekeeper... -largest organ in the body... -16% body weight ... -1.5…
-superficial fascia-- subcutaneous ... -loose connective tissue…
-protection (first line of defense)... -prevents water loos... -imm…
integumentary system
-gatekeeper... -largest organ in the body... -16% body weight ... -1.5…
skin
Anatomy Exam 2
spinal cord
cervical area
thoracic area
lumbar area
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
between cervical and lumbar area; 12 segments and 12 nerves;…
between thoracic and sacral area; 5 segments 5 nerves; innerv…
spinal cord
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
cervical area
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
131 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
spinal cord
cervical area
thoracic area
lumbar area
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
between cervical and lumbar area; 12 segments and 12 nerves;…
between thoracic and sacral area; 5 segments 5 nerves; innerv…
spinal cord
each nerve travels through a foramen between two vertebrae; d…
cervical area
closest to the brain; 8 segments and 8 nerves; innervates hea…
383 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Lecture 1
The brain mediates
mind:brain:body
motor behavior is our only way of:
Integration and Neural Circuits
mind body interactions
mind: information processing... brain: central nervous system... bo…
directly interacting with our environment
Lecture 1
Integration and Neural Circuits
The brain mediates
mind body interactions
172 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Describe the atlas and axis. Where doe…
Describe the location of the following…
Describe the differences between the t…
Know the number of vertebrae in each r…
Atlas = C1... The Atlas has no a body. (need NOBODY if you're on…
Body: on the anterior side - can be small (cervical), heart-s…
Cervical... -Location- Neck... -Body- small, oval, curved faces…
Cervical region = C1 - C7... Thoracic region = T1 - T12... Lumbar r…
Describe the atlas and axis. Where doe…
Atlas = C1... The Atlas has no a body. (need NOBODY if you're on…
Describe the location of the following…
Body: on the anterior side - can be small (cervical), heart-s…
104 terms
Anatomy- Exam 2
O of occipitalis m.
I of occipitalis m.
A of occipitalis m.
O of orbicularis oculi m.
occipital bone; superior nuchal and temporal bone
galea aponeurotica
retraction of scalp; synergist with frontalis m.
medial orbit—frontal bone, lacrimal bone, maxilla
O of occipitalis m.
occipital bone; superior nuchal and temporal bone
I of occipitalis m.
galea aponeurotica
Anatomy Exam 2
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Integumentary System
Sensory Receptors in Skin
Protects and supports organs, provides framework for muscles,…
Allows manipulation of environment, locomotion, and facial ex…
Protection, temperature regulation, cutaneous sensation (touc…
...
Skeletal System
Protects and supports organs, provides framework for muscles,…
Muscular System
Allows manipulation of environment, locomotion, and facial ex…
anatomy & physiology exam 2
epithelial
connective
muscle
nervous
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
tissue that is responsible for support, movement, and heat ge…
tissue that's responsible for controlling other organs, recei…
epithelial
tissue that forms barrier to protect exposed surfaces, lines…
connective
tissue that (not just ligaments and tendons) but basically al…
117 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Which cranial nerves control eye movem…
Which cranial nerves go into the eye?
Which cranial nerves go to the tongue?
Which cranial nerves do not go to the…
3 (occulomotor), 4 (trochlear), 6 (abducens)
2 (optic), 3 (occulomotor)
5 (trigeminal - mandibular branch, somatosensory), 7 (facial,…
10 (vagus - goes to abdomen and thoracic cavity), 11 (accesso…
Which cranial nerves control eye movem…
3 (occulomotor), 4 (trochlear), 6 (abducens)
Which cranial nerves go into the eye?
2 (optic), 3 (occulomotor)
Anatomy Exam 2
Muscles that attach to the scapula
Scapula characteristics
Head of humerus
Crests of the greater and lesser tuber…
17 of them: Biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, deltoid, infras…
Concave anteriorly (articulates with convex ribs 2-7), glenoi…
Half-spherical, projects medially and anteriorly relative to…
Form attachment for the deltoid muscles (deltoid tuberosity w…
Muscles that attach to the scapula
17 of them: Biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, deltoid, infras…
Scapula characteristics
Concave anteriorly (articulates with convex ribs 2-7), glenoi…
Anatomy Exam 2
scientific shoulder name
scientific armpit name
sci elbow name
axial skeleton
Acromian Process
axilla
olecranon
head and trunk
scientific shoulder name
Acromian Process
scientific armpit name
axilla
Anatomy exam 2 defs
joints
arthrology
orthopedics
functions of joints
(articulations) site where 2 or more bones meet ... the weakest…
study of joints
branch of medicine that deals with prevention/correction of i…
1. mobility: allow our skeleton to be mobile... 2. cohesion: hol…
joints
(articulations) site where 2 or more bones meet ... the weakest…
arthrology
study of joints
347 terms
Anatomy Exam 2
Appendicular Skeleton
pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic g…
Pectoral Girdle
left & right scapulae and left & right…
What does the appendicular skeleton include?
What does the pectoral girdle include?
Appendicular Skeleton
pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic g…
What does the appendicular skeleton include?
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