Study sets matching "anatomy head neck"

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Study sets matching "anatomy head neck"

158 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy: Muscles
A muscle in the _________ system short…
The end of the muscle that is attached…
the end of the muscle that is attached…
The insertion of the muscle moves towa…
muscular
origin
insertion
origin
A muscle in the _________ system short…
muscular
The end of the muscle that is attached…
origin
50 terms
Head & Neck Anatomy: Nerves
Nerves of Head and Neck allows functio…
Central Nervous System (CNS) connects to
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) connec…
Spinal nerves
TMJ, Muscles, Glands
Brain & Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves & Cranial Nerves
- 31 Nerve branches... - Innervates specific organs & regions
Nerves of Head and Neck allows functio…
TMJ, Muscles, Glands
Central Nervous System (CNS) connects to
Brain & Spinal Cord
Anatomy- Head & Neck IMAGES
Review Mandible and other bones!
Posterior
White: retropharyngeal space... Orange: p…
A- lesser occipital... B- greater auricul…
Which triangle of the neck is indicated (blue)?
What is indicated by the red arrow (white)? What structures s…
Name the nerves (A-D). From what do they originate?
Review Mandible and other bones!
Posterior
Which triangle of the neck is indicated (blue)?
185 terms
Anatomy - Head/Neck
sutures
coronal
sagittal
squamous
immobile fibrous joints in the skull
suture between the frontal and parietal bones
suture between the two parietal bones
suture between temporal and parietal bones
sutures
immobile fibrous joints in the skull
coronal
suture between the frontal and parietal bones
10 terms
Anatomy - face, head, neck
frontalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oris
obicularis oculi
o: cranial aponeurosis... i: supraorbital ridges... a: raise eyebrows
o: occipital bone... i: cranial aponeurosis
o: muscles around the mouth... i: skin in center of lips... a: clos…
o: on maxilla and frontal bones... i: skin around eyelids... a: clo…
frontalis
o: cranial aponeurosis... i: supraorbital ridges... a: raise eyebrows
occipitalis
o: occipital bone... i: cranial aponeurosis
8 terms
Anatomy - face, head, neck
frontalis
occipitalis
orbicularis oris
obicularis oculi
o: cranial aponeurosis... i: supraorbital ridges... a: raise eyebrows
o: occipital bone... i: cranial aponeurosis
o: muscles around the mouth... i: skin in center of lips... a: clos…
o: on maxilla and frontal bones... i: skin around eyelids... a: clo…
frontalis
o: cranial aponeurosis... i: supraorbital ridges... a: raise eyebrows
occipitalis
o: occipital bone... i: cranial aponeurosis
Anatomy Head&Neck Quiz
Frontalis
Orbicularis Oculi
Zygomaticus
Buccinator
Wrinkling the forehead
Closing of the eyes -- winking
Smile
Blowing and sucking cheeks
Frontalis
Wrinkling the forehead
Orbicularis Oculi
Closing of the eyes -- winking
28 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy
cranium
parietal bones (2)
frontal bone
occipital bone
Consists of 8 bones that cover and protect the brain
form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
forms the forehead, part of the floor of the cranium most of…
forms the back and base of the cranium
cranium
Consists of 8 bones that cover and protect the brain
parietal bones (2)
form most of the roof and upper sides of the cranium
10 terms
Bones of the Cranium: Head and Neck Anatomy
Frontal Bone
Ethmoid Bone
Temporal Bone
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Ethmoid Bone
19 terms
Anatomy- Muscles of the Head and Neck
Buccinator
Epicranius
Masseter
Orbicularis Oculi
Buccinator
Epicranius
74 terms
Introduction to Head and Neck Anatomy
Anterior Part
Posterior
Superior
Inferior
Front Area in relationship to the entire body... (Ventral)
The back of an area... (Dorsal)
The area that faces toward the head and away from the feet.
Toward to the feet
Anterior Part
Front Area in relationship to the entire body... (Ventral)
Posterior
The back of an area... (Dorsal)
29 terms
Anatomy (Head and Neck)
Frontal bone
supraorbital notch
glabella
nasal bone
Frontal bone
supraorbital notch
Anatomy Head & Neck External
ala nasi
alar nasal sulcus
antihelix
antitragus
The flare or wing of the nose lateral to the nostril.
The groove where the cheek meets the wing (ala nasi) of the n…
A ridge of the external ear anterior and parallel to the helix.
A point of the ear just above the earlobe, projecting anterio…
ala nasi
The flare or wing of the nose lateral to the nostril.
alar nasal sulcus
The groove where the cheek meets the wing (ala nasi) of the n…
BRS Anatomy Head and Neck
Eagle's syndrome
shoulder droop is caused by
Injury from motorcycle fall and head w…
Thoracic outlet syndrome is caused by?
Styloid process is a
accessory nerve damage
upper trunk...erb palsy
Compression of brachial plexus and subclavian by abnormal lin…
Eagle's syndrome
Styloid process is a
shoulder droop is caused by
accessory nerve damage
[PC] Head and Neck Anatomy
Longus colli
Anterior scalene
Middle scalene
Posterior scalene
Left
Right
Longus colli
Anterior scalene
Left
29 terms
Anatomy-Veins of the Head and Neck
venous plexuses
superior vena cava
inferior vena cava
superior and inferior vena cava
What are multi-vein bundles called?
This returns blood from the body regions superior to the diap…
This returns blood from body regions inferior to the diaphragm
These empty into the right atrium
venous plexuses
What are multi-vein bundles called?
superior vena cava
This returns blood from the body regions superior to the diap…
Anatomy Head and Neck Muscles
Sternocleidomastoid
Scalenes
Splenius capitis
Splenius cervicis
Unilateral: rotation of head to opposite side... Bilateral: flex…
Flex neck; elevate when 1st and 2nd ribs during forced inspir…
Unilateral: turns head to same side... Bilateral: extends head/n…
Unilateral: turns head to same side... Bilateral: extends head/n…
Sternocleidomastoid
Unilateral: rotation of head to opposite side... Bilateral: flex…
Scalenes
Flex neck; elevate when 1st and 2nd ribs during forced inspir…
Head and Neck Anatomy Ch. 2
Buccal
Facial
Golden proportions
Labial
structures closest to the inner cheek
Structures closest to the facial surface
Guidelines used to consider the facial view of the anterior t…
Structures closest to the lips
Buccal
structures closest to the inner cheek
Facial
Structures closest to the facial surface
Head & Neck: Surface Anatomy
Auricle of ear (pina)
External acoustic meatus (EAM)
Helix of ear
Lobule of ear
Auricle of ear (pina)
External acoustic meatus (EAM)
Head and Neck Anatomy
Ala of the nose
nasolabial groove
philtrum
vermilion zone
wing of the nose, edge of the nostril
corners of the mouth
bottom of the nose, middle of the upper lip
line around the lips
Ala of the nose
wing of the nose, edge of the nostril
nasolabial groove
corners of the mouth
65 terms
Anatomy- Head & Neck CLINICAL
Why can the lungs be considered a vuln…
Name two nerves vulnerable during surg…
How might injury to the posterior ▲ of…
Describe (non-congenital) torticollis.…
-Apex of the lung protrudes above the clavicle in full inspir…
-The accessory nerve... -The phrenic nerve (if too deep! Could c…
-Could be a lower brachial plexus injury (e.g., median/ulnar…
-Spasm of the SCM muscle causing pain, turning, and tilting o…
Why can the lungs be considered a vuln…
-Apex of the lung protrudes above the clavicle in full inspir…
Name two nerves vulnerable during surg…
-The accessory nerve... -The phrenic nerve (if too deep! Could c…
483 terms
Regional Anatomy - Head and Neck
Frontal Bone
Lacrimal Bone
Lacrimal Fossa
Mandible
Frontal Bone
Lacrimal Bone
neck: head and neck anatomy
neck skeleton
hyoid
attachments to hyoid
atlas vertebra
7 cervical vertebrae... manubrium of sternum... clavicles... hyoid bone
anterior to c3 ... does not articulate with any other bones... musc…
mandible, styloid process of temporal bone, larynx, clavicles…
c1... lacks vertebral body and spinous process... articulates with…
neck skeleton
7 cervical vertebrae... manubrium of sternum... clavicles... hyoid bone
hyoid
anterior to c3 ... does not articulate with any other bones... musc…
68 terms
Anatomy head & neck
Attachments of hyoid body
Attachments of hyoid greater horn
Eagle syndrome
Cervical Plexus Cutaneous Branches
1. omohyoid... 2. sternohyoid... 3. mylohyoid... 4. geniohyoid
1. Thyrohyoid... 2. Stylohyoid... 3. Digastric... 4. Hyoglossus... 5. Mid…
Elongation of styloid process... Calcification of stylohyoid lig…
1. Lesser Occipital (C2)... 2. Great Auricular (C2-C3)... 3. Transv…
Attachments of hyoid body
1. omohyoid... 2. sternohyoid... 3. mylohyoid... 4. geniohyoid
Attachments of hyoid greater horn
1. Thyrohyoid... 2. Stylohyoid... 3. Digastric... 4. Hyoglossus... 5. Mid…
11 terms
Bones of the Face: Head and Neck Anatomy
Nasal Bone
Vomer Bone
Inferior Nasal Conchae
Lacrimal Bone
Nasal Bone
Vomer Bone
85 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy
Head and neck anatomy is important for…
Anatomical position is defined as what?
Anterior
Poserior
True
Body standing erect, arms at sides with palms and toes direct…
Ventral
Dorsal
Head and neck anatomy is important for…
True
Anatomical position is defined as what?
Body standing erect, arms at sides with palms and toes direct…
71 terms
Head and neck anatomy
Frontal (coronal) section... Frontal plane
Midsagittal section... Median plane
Transverse section... Horizontal plane
Frontal region
Cut body into front and back
Cut body into right and left
Cut body into top and bottom
Forehead
Frontal (coronal) section... Frontal plane
Cut body into front and back
Midsagittal section... Median plane
Cut body into right and left
38 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy Exam 2
What are the 3 major salivary glands?
What gland is the largest of all major…
How much salivary volume does the paro…
What is the Stenson's Duct?
Parotid, Submandibular, Sublingual
Parotid
25%
Hole where saliva comes out of parotid gland
What are the 3 major salivary glands?
Parotid, Submandibular, Sublingual
What gland is the largest of all major…
Parotid
78 terms
Anatomy: Head and Neck Review
Boundaries of the posterior triangle:
Roof of the posterior triangle:
Some contents of posterior triangle:
Boundaries of the anterior triangle:
SCM, trapezius, clavicle
Platysma, deep cervical fascia
Accessory nerve, cervical plexus, external jugular vein, dors…
SCM, midline of neck, mandible
Boundaries of the posterior triangle:
SCM, trapezius, clavicle
Roof of the posterior triangle:
Platysma, deep cervical fascia
43 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck
medial rectus
Inferior oblique
inferior rectus
superior rectus
CN 3 (opthalmic)... adducts
CN 3... elevates... abducts... ER
CN 3 (opthalmic)... depresses... adducts... ER
CN 3... elevates... adducts ... IR
medial rectus
CN 3 (opthalmic)... adducts
Inferior oblique
CN 3... elevates... abducts... ER
52 terms
Head & Neck Anatomy - Introduction
Anatomical position
Sagittal plane
Median (midsagittal) plane
Parasagittal plane
Palms faced up (supinated), standing upright, feet together,…
Divides body into right and left halves
Divides body into two EQUAL halves
Divides body into two UNEQUAL halves
Anatomical position
Palms faced up (supinated), standing upright, feet together,…
Sagittal plane
Divides body into right and left halves
92 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck
What is in the carotid sheath?
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Orbicularis Oculi
common carotid artery, internal juglar vein, vagus nerve
raises eyebrow, wrinkles forehead (surprise)... transverse wrink…
wrinkles skin over occipital bone
A: closes eyelid, compresses lacrimal gland... N: facial (CN VII)
What is in the carotid sheath?
common carotid artery, internal juglar vein, vagus nerve
Frontalis
raises eyebrow, wrinkles forehead (surprise)... transverse wrink…
Anatomy: Head and neck
Extrinsic eye muscles
Superior rectus Origin
Superior rectus insertion
Superior rectus action
Superior rectus, Inferior rectus, Medial rectus, Lateral rect…
Tendinous ring attached to optic canal
Superior on eyeball
Turn eyeball superiorly
Extrinsic eye muscles
Superior rectus, Inferior rectus, Medial rectus, Lateral rect…
Superior rectus Origin
Tendinous ring attached to optic canal
27 terms
Anatomy - Head and Neck
Name all cranial nerves
Parasympathetic CN
Afferent CN only
Efferent CN only
Just name them
CN: III, VII, IX, X... 3977 - COPS... C - ciliary ganglia - 3... O - o…
Olfactory (VA)... Optic (SA)... Vestibulocochlear (SA)
Occulomotor (SE, VE)... Trochlear (SE)... Abducens (SE)... Accessory (…
Name all cranial nerves
Just name them
Parasympathetic CN
CN: III, VII, IX, X... 3977 - COPS... C - ciliary ganglia - 3... O - o…
Head and Neck Anatomy
Frontal bone... Parietal bones... Occipital…
Mandible... Maxilla... Nasal bones... Frontal b…
The optic nerve and the ophthalmic art…
The ophthalmic vein, the oculomotor ne…
What are the bones of the cranial skeleton?
What are the bones of the facial skeleton?
What passes through the optic canal?
What passes through the superior orbital fissure?
Frontal bone... Parietal bones... Occipital…
What are the bones of the cranial skeleton?
Mandible... Maxilla... Nasal bones... Frontal b…
What are the bones of the facial skeleton?
88 terms
HEAD AND NECK ANATOMY-MUSCLES
Suboccipital triangle
Rectus capitis posterior minor
Rectus capitis posterior minor
Rectus capitis posterior major
Deep to the trapezius, splenius muscle group, and semispinali…
Extends the head (suboccipital)
4
Extends the head and rotates to the same side (suboccipital)
Suboccipital triangle
Deep to the trapezius, splenius muscle group, and semispinali…
Rectus capitis posterior minor
Extends the head (suboccipital)
174 terms
Anatomy: Head and Neck
Ethmoid bone
Crista galli of Ethmoid bone
Cribriform plate of Ethmoid bone
Perpendicular plate of Ethmoid bone
associated with sense of smell, cranial base bone
Attachment site for dura mater
Forms roof over smell receptors in superior nasal cavity: rid…
Forms superior part of bony nasal septum
Ethmoid bone
associated with sense of smell, cranial base bone
Crista galli of Ethmoid bone
Attachment site for dura mater
102 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck
Superior Rectus of Eye Origin
Superior Rectus of Eye Insertion
Superior Rectus of Eye Action
Superior Rectus of Eye Innervation
Tendinous ring attached to optic canal
Superior eyeball
Turns eyeball superiorly
Oculomotor Nerve
Superior Rectus of Eye Origin
Tendinous ring attached to optic canal
Superior Rectus of Eye Insertion
Superior eyeball
241 terms
Anatomy head and neck
O- tensor tympani
I- tensor tympani
a- tensor tympani
innervation of tensor tympani
auditory tube
malleus
pull malleus towards incus
mandibular nerve
O- tensor tympani
auditory tube
I- tensor tympani
malleus
Head & Neck Anatomy: TMJ
The TMJ is made up of
2 Bones
Joint Capsule
Synovial Membrane
2 bones, joint capsule, synovial membrane, articular disc, re…
Upper= Temporal bone (articular fossa & eminence)... Lower= cond…
Completely encloses TMJ... Superiorly: wraps around temporal bon…
Lines inner joint capsule... Secretes synovial fluid within caps…
The TMJ is made up of
2 bones, joint capsule, synovial membrane, articular disc, re…
2 Bones
Upper= Temporal bone (articular fossa & eminence)... Lower= cond…
Anatomy Head and Neck
endochondral
intramembranous
Each pharyngeal arch gives rise to
Arch I Derivative
starts as cartilage then gradually mineralizes
direct mineralization
skeletal elements,... muscles and nerves,... blood vessels
Greater Wing of Spenoid Ossicles
endochondral
starts as cartilage then gradually mineralizes
intramembranous
direct mineralization
16 terms
Anatomy: Head and Neck
Cutaneous nerves of head and neck
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis oris
Platysma
V1 supraorbital, V2 infraorbital, V3 mental auriculotemporal
closes eye
purses lips
flares skin of neck
Cutaneous nerves of head and neck
V1 supraorbital, V2 infraorbital, V3 mental auriculotemporal
Orbicularis oculi
closes eye
54 terms
Gross Anatomy Head and the Neck
The neck is divided into 4 sections. N…
How do the sympathetic nerves get into…
Which two nerves run between the carot…
Cross section or Axial view of the nec…
1) Posterior Cervical... 2)Lateral Cervical... 3)Anterior Cervical…
They hitch a ride onto the carotid arteries in the form of ne…
1.) Vagus in medial ... 2) Phrenic is Lateral
Focus on the structures within the carotid sheath and note th…
The neck is divided into 4 sections. N…
1) Posterior Cervical... 2)Lateral Cervical... 3)Anterior Cervical…
How do the sympathetic nerves get into…
They hitch a ride onto the carotid arteries in the form of ne…
85 terms
Anatomy - Head and Neck
Which of the following is not associat…
The pterion:... a. is posteroinferior to…
Which of the following is not correct…
Which of the following is not a forame…
a. malar flush
d. overlies the anterior branch of the middle meningeal artery.
c. It is located in the middle cranial fossa.
d. lacerum
Which of the following is not associat…
a. malar flush
The pterion:... a. is posteroinferior to…
d. overlies the anterior branch of the middle meningeal artery.
107 terms
Head & Neck Anatomy Osteology
The skull includes the _______.
The cranium the _______ mandible.
The ______ is the superior portions of…
The cranial fossae is seen in the ____…
mandible
excludes
calvaria; frontal; parietal; occipital
internal floor; anterior; middle; posterior
The skull includes the _______.
mandible
The cranium the _______ mandible.
excludes
26 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck
Body of Hyod Bone attachments
Greater horn of Hyoid bone attachemnts
Lesser Horn of Hyoid Bone attachemnts
PLatysma is located in which fascia of…
Geniohyoid... Mylohyoid... Omohyoid... Sternohyoid... GMOS
Middle COnstrictor... Hypoglossus... Digastric... Stylohyoid... Thyrohyoid
Stylohyoid ligament
Superficial and CNXII
Body of Hyod Bone attachments
Geniohyoid... Mylohyoid... Omohyoid... Sternohyoid... GMOS
Greater horn of Hyoid bone attachemnts
Middle COnstrictor... Hypoglossus... Digastric... Stylohyoid... Thyrohyoid
137 terms
Anatomy Neck, Head and Trunk
Sternocleidomastoid (Origin)
Sternocleidomastoid (Insertion)
Sternocleidomastoid (Action)
Sternodcleidomastoid (Nerve)
O: ... Sternal Head: Manubrium of Sternum... Clavicular Head: Super…
I: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)... Lateral Half of Superio…
A: ... Bilateral: Extends Neck at A-O joint... Flexes Neck... When hea…
N: Spinal part of Spinal Accessory N. (CN XI motor)... C2 & C3 -…
Sternocleidomastoid (Origin)
O: ... Sternal Head: Manubrium of Sternum... Clavicular Head: Super…
Sternocleidomastoid (Insertion)
I: Mastoid Process (of Temporal Bone)... Lateral Half of Superio…
Head & Neck Anatomy: Circulation
Common Carotid Artery
External Carotid Artery
Internal Carotid Artery
Superior Thyroid Artery
Common Carotid Artery
External Carotid Artery
Head and Neck Anatomy Quiz
The thoracic inlet slopes away from fi…
The posterior rami of the cervical ner…
C1
C2-3
At what level does the thoracic inlet begin?
What nerves supply the extensor musculature and the flexor mu…
At what level is the hard palate?
At what level is the mandible?
The thoracic inlet slopes away from fi…
At what level does the thoracic inlet begin?
The posterior rami of the cervical ner…
What nerves supply the extensor musculature and the flexor mu…
37 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck
Levator Palpebrae Superioris Origin/In…
Rectus Muscle Attachments
Superior Oblique Attachments
Inferior Oblique Attachments
Orbit Roof to Upper Eyelid
Common Tendinous Ring to anterior surface of globe
Orbit Roof to Posterior to AP midline of globe
Medial Orbit wall to Posterior to AP midline of globe
Levator Palpebrae Superioris Origin/In…
Orbit Roof to Upper Eyelid
Rectus Muscle Attachments
Common Tendinous Ring to anterior surface of globe
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