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Study sets matching "anatomy heart chapter 17"

38 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 17 - Heart
Heart Anatomy
Location of heart
Heart is
Pericardium
Approximately size of your fist
Mediastinum between 2nd rib and 5th intercostal space
anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum
a double-walled sac around the heart
Heart Anatomy
Approximately size of your fist
Location of heart
Mediastinum between 2nd rib and 5th intercostal space
101 terms
Anatomy Chapter 17: The Heart
pericardial cavity
right atrium
left atrium
right ventricle
fluid filled space surrounding the heart... -- uses serous flui…
receives blood from the superior and inferior vena cava
receives blood from the pulmonary veins
pumps blood into the pulmonary arteries (to the lungs)
pericardial cavity
fluid filled space surrounding the heart... -- uses serous flui…
right atrium
receives blood from the superior and inferior vena cava
15 terms
Anatomy of the Heart-Chapter 17
Cardiac cycle
systole
diastole
Stimulation of the sympathetic nerves
the sequence of events that occurs during one heartbeat. It i…
contraction of the myocardium. Pumps blood out of a chamber.
relaxation of the myocardium. Blood fills a chamber.
these nerves increase heart rate (SA node), conduction veloci…
Cardiac cycle
the sequence of events that occurs during one heartbeat. It i…
systole
contraction of the myocardium. Pumps blood out of a chamber.
29 terms
Chapter 17 Lab (anatomy of heart)
Right atrium
Right ventricle
Left atrium
Left ventricle
Chamber. Receives blood returning to the heart from the syste…
Chamber. Sends blood through the pulmonary trunk to become ox…
Chamber. Receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary circuit
Chamber. Sends oxygenated blood through the systemic circuit
Right atrium
Chamber. Receives blood returning to the heart from the syste…
Right ventricle
Chamber. Sends blood through the pulmonary trunk to become ox…
146 terms
Chapter 17: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
Left and right coronary arteries
Heart
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
the first two vessels that leave the aorta
-transport system pump
To and from the lungs
the blood vessels that carry blood to and from all body tissue
Left and right coronary arteries
the first two vessels that leave the aorta
Heart
-transport system pump
Chapter 17 Heart
Functions of the heart
Pulmonary circulation
Systemic circulation
Location of the heart
Generating blood pressure, routing blood, regulating blood su…
blood flow from heart thru lungs back to heart;... Picks up O2 a…
blood flow from heart thru the body back to heart;... Delivers O…
*THORACIC CAVITY between lungs... *anterior to vertebral column…
Functions of the heart
Generating blood pressure, routing blood, regulating blood su…
Pulmonary circulation
blood flow from heart thru lungs back to heart;... Picks up O2 a…
54 terms
A&P chapter 17 anatomy of the heart
aortic valve
atrioventricular valves
atruim
bicuspid valve
Between left ventricle and aorta
Valves located between the atrial and ventricular chambers on…
upper chammber of the heart that receives blood from the rest…
A valve in the heart that guards the opening between the left…
aortic valve
Between left ventricle and aorta
atrioventricular valves
Valves located between the atrial and ventricular chambers on…
53 terms
Human Anatomy--Chapter 17
Hormones
What are hormones mainly produced by?
Endocrine system
What are the different types of hormon…
Chemical signals secreted into body fluids, usually blood, th…
Endocrine glands
Consists of all hormone-releasing tissues... -Controls metabolic…
Peptides and steroids
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into body fluids, usually blood, th…
What are hormones mainly produced by?
Endocrine glands
50 terms
Anatomy of the Heart Ch17
cardiology
base
apex
precordium
study of the heart
upper flat portion of the heart that is located at the level…
lower more pointed end of the heart that is located at the le…
area of the anterior chest wall overlying the heart and great…
cardiology
study of the heart
base
upper flat portion of the heart that is located at the level…
20 terms
Chapter 17: Function of the Heart
Atrial Systole
Ventricular Systole
Diastole
Cardiac Cycle
When the atria contract, AV valves are open, ventricles relaxed
When the ventricles contract, AV valves are shut, artria rela…
When the atria and ventricles are relaxed, blood flows into a…
One heartbeat
Atrial Systole
When the atria contract, AV valves are open, ventricles relaxed
Ventricular Systole
When the ventricles contract, AV valves are shut, artria rela…
12 terms
Chapter 17 heart
Aorta
Pulmonary valve
Right atrium
Tricuspid valve
Aorta
Pulmonary valve
88 terms
Chapter 17- Heart
location of heart
Atria
ventricles
vein
sits in pericardial cavity
receives blood from the veins
pumps blood into arteries
carries blood back to the heart
location of heart
sits in pericardial cavity
Atria
receives blood from the veins
47 terms
Heart Structure Chapter 17
Cardiovascular system
Circulatory system
Cardiology
Pulmonary circuit
heart and vessels
heart, vessels, and lungs
study of the heart
RIGHT SIDE OF THE HEART... 1. Low pressure... 2. pumps deoxygenated…
Cardiovascular system
heart and vessels
Circulatory system
heart, vessels, and lungs
61 terms
Heart Function Chapter 17
Coronary circulation
Left coronary artery
Right coronary artery
Coronary sinus
circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart muscle…
1. branches into the anterior interventricular artery and cir…
1. branches into right marginal artery and posterior interven…
empties into right atrium formed by merging cardiac veins... 1.…
Coronary circulation
circulation of blood in the blood vessels of the heart muscle…
Left coronary artery
1. branches into the anterior interventricular artery and cir…
54 terms
Chapter 17 - Heart
aorta
pulmonary trunk
right auricle
left auricle
aorta
pulmonary trunk
38 terms
Chapter 17- Function of the Heart
Cardiac Cycle
Systole
Diastole
Autonomic Control of the Heart
coordinated contraction and relaxation of the chambers during…
contraction of the heart muscle
relaxation of the heart muscle
Affects: rate of firing of the cardiac impulse, speed at whic…
Cardiac Cycle
coordinated contraction and relaxation of the chambers during…
Systole
contraction of the heart muscle
36 terms
Chapter 17: The Heart
Heart Anatomy
Double Pump: Two Circulations
Cardiac muscle properties
Intercalated discs
Atria (Right and Left), Ventricles (Right and Left), Atrioven…
Right side: Pumps blood to lungs (pulmonary circuit)... Left sid…
- Striated: 1-2 nucleus, branched, medium sized, cylinders... -…
where cells are connected to each other
Heart Anatomy
Atria (Right and Left), Ventricles (Right and Left), Atrioven…
Double Pump: Two Circulations
Right side: Pumps blood to lungs (pulmonary circuit)... Left sid…
14 terms
Chapter 17 Heart practical
Pericardium
fibrous pericardium
visceral layer
parietal layer
...
Pericardium
fibrous pericardium
57 terms
Chapter 17 Heart Failure
Cardiac output
Preload
Afterload
Ejection Fraction
Heart Rate * Stroke Volume
Volume of blood in the ventricle at the end of diastole
Amount of pressure the heart has to overcome to eject blood
The amount of blood that is ejected from the left ventricle p…
Cardiac output
Heart Rate * Stroke Volume
Preload
Volume of blood in the ventricle at the end of diastole
32 terms
Chapter 17 The Heart
Muscular Pump
heart beat average
location of heart
Apex
continually replaces cell's surrounding environment waste rem…
72 times per minute or (100,000 times per day
ANTERIOR in chest within a cavity= midastinum=middle of lungs…
lower tip and its point to the left
Muscular Pump
continually replaces cell's surrounding environment waste rem…
heart beat average
72 times per minute or (100,000 times per day
20 terms
Chapter 17 Heart
1. Describe the structure and function…
2. Compare and contrast the structure…
3. What is the fossa ovalis? Where is…
4. What is the function of the atriove…
parietal layer- lines the internal surface of the fibrous per…
atria- upper chambers, receive blood, thin walls... ventricles-…
Shallow depression in the interatrial septum from the fossa o…
AV- prevents back-flow into atria when ventricle contracts... S…
1. Describe the structure and function…
parietal layer- lines the internal surface of the fibrous per…
2. Compare and contrast the structure…
atria- upper chambers, receive blood, thin walls... ventricles-…
33 terms
Chapter 17 The Heart
Size and location of the heart
Pericardium - fibrous pericardium, par…
Layers of the heart wall
epicardium
heart is the size of a fist. locate don the superior surface…
epicardium, myocardium, endocardium
outer layer of the heart
Size and location of the heart
heart is the size of a fist. locate don the superior surface…
Pericardium - fibrous pericardium, par…
70 terms
Chapter 17/18 Function of the heart/Anatomy of Blood Vessels
Pulse
Veins
Arteries
Venules
Caused by contraction of ventricles
vessels contain vavles
make of 3 layers ( conductant vessels)
smallest veins
Pulse
Caused by contraction of ventricles
Veins
vessels contain vavles
85 terms
Seeley's Principles of Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 17, The Heart
Functions of the Heart
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
Mediastinum
1. Generating blood pressure... 2. Routing blood... 3. Regulating b…
- Heart, lungs, heart ... - Picks up O2, releases CO2
- Heart, body, heart... - Delivers 02, picks up CO2
- Where the heart is located... - Midline partition, heart, trac…
Functions of the Heart
1. Generating blood pressure... 2. Routing blood... 3. Regulating b…
Pulmonary circuit
- Heart, lungs, heart ... - Picks up O2, releases CO2
Chapter 17: The Heart
In a centrifuged sample of blood, what…
Which of the following is NOT a functi…
Which plasma constituent is the main c…
Which of the following does NOT stimul…
C. white blood cells and platelets
C. hormone production
A. albumin
B. hyperventilating
In a centrifuged sample of blood, what…
C. white blood cells and platelets
Which of the following is NOT a functi…
C. hormone production
12 terms
Chapter 17 Anatomy of the Ear
lobule
auricle
helix
external ear
lobule
auricle
20 terms
Heart: Chapter 17
Which of the following veins drain the…
The atrioventricular valve on the same…
Which valve does the blood go through…
The pointed end of the heart that proj…
Coronary sinus
Bicuspid
Pulmonary semilunar
Apex
Which of the following veins drain the…
Coronary sinus
The atrioventricular valve on the same…
Bicuspid
11 terms
Chapter 17, 17.2 Heart Anatomy and Blood Flow Pathway
What is the Blood contained within the…
What is Coronary Circulation?
What is Pericardium?
What two components are apart of the p…
Lumen
The set of arteries and veins that serve the heart muscle
The membranous structure that surrounds the heart
The Fibrous Pericardium and the Serous Pericardium
What is the Blood contained within the…
Lumen
What is Coronary Circulation?
The set of arteries and veins that serve the heart muscle
46 terms
Heart- Chapter 17
Heart Anatomy
Base and Apex of Heart
Apical Impulse of Heart
Coverings of the Heart: Pericardium
- approximately size of fist... - in mediastinum between 2nd rib…
- base leans toward right shoulder... - apex points toward left…
- palpated between 5th and 6th ribs, just below nipple
- double-walled sac... - superficial fibrous pericardium... - deep…
Heart Anatomy
- approximately size of fist... - in mediastinum between 2nd rib…
Base and Apex of Heart
- base leans toward right shoulder... - apex points toward left…
74 terms
A&PII - Lecture - Ch 17 - Anatomy of the Heart
apex
atria
ventricles
the inferior tip of the heart, points toward the left hip
2 superior thin-walled chambers of the heart (right & left) t…
The 2 inferior thick-walled chambers of the heart (right & le…
apex
the inferior tip of the heart, points toward the left hip
atria
2 superior thin-walled chambers of the heart (right & left) t…
122 terms
Chapter 17: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
Left and right coronary arteries
Heart
Pulmonary circuit
Systemic circuit
the first two vessels that leave the aorta
-transport system pump
between heart and lungs * short pathway
heart to rest of body
Left and right coronary arteries
the first two vessels that leave the aorta
Heart
-transport system pump
70 terms
Anatomy Ch 17 Heart
Mediastinum
Apex
Base
Sulcri
region between the lungs where the heart is located, deep to…
inferior end of the heart that tapers to a blunt point, above…
broad superior portion of the heart and is the point of attac…
depressions within the muscles of the heart; usually fatty de…
Mediastinum
region between the lungs where the heart is located, deep to…
Apex
inferior end of the heart that tapers to a blunt point, above…
41 terms
Ch 17 Heart Anatomy
Pressure
Pulmonary
Mediastinum
Apex
the heart pumps in order to maintain sufficient blood ____ to…
this blood flow circuit delivers deoxygenated blood to the lu…
the heart lies within this cavity
this section of the heart is the most inferior and is located…
Pressure
the heart pumps in order to maintain sufficient blood ____ to…
Pulmonary
this blood flow circuit delivers deoxygenated blood to the lu…
37 terms
Anatomy Test #2 Chapter 17: The Heart
Pulmonary Circuit
Systemic Circuit
layers of the heart
pericardium
right side of the heart receives oxygen-poor blood from the b…
left side of the heart receives the oxygenated blood returnin…
Epicardium... myocardium... endocardium
double walled sac
Pulmonary Circuit
right side of the heart receives oxygen-poor blood from the b…
Systemic Circuit
left side of the heart receives the oxygenated blood returnin…
56 terms
134: Chapter 17 Heart Arrthymias
12 lead
SA node (sinoatrial)
AV node (atrioventricular node)
Bundle of His
diagnostic tool that uses 10 electrodes, on on each limb and…
aka. Natural pacemaker... -Located in right upper Atrium... -60-100…
#2 in line of electricity.... -located in the interatrial septum…
Begins conduction to the ventricles. ... - Together with AV node…
12 lead
diagnostic tool that uses 10 electrodes, on on each limb and…
SA node (sinoatrial)
aka. Natural pacemaker... -Located in right upper Atrium... -60-100…
134: Chapter 17 Heart Arrthymias
12 lead
SA node (sinoatrial)
AV node (atrioventricular node)
Bundle of His
diagnostic tool that uses 10 electrodes, on on each limb and…
aka. Natural pacemaker... -Located in right upper Atrium... -60-100…
#2 in line of electricity.... -located in the interatrial septum…
Begins conduction to the ventricles. ... - Together with AV node…
12 lead
diagnostic tool that uses 10 electrodes, on on each limb and…
SA node (sinoatrial)
aka. Natural pacemaker... -Located in right upper Atrium... -60-100…
162 terms
Chapter 17-Heart
where is the heart exactly located?
Apex
Base
4 hollow chambers
slightly to the left side in the thoracic cavity, posterior t…
point of this cone, which points toward the left hip
posterior side (not the inferior) facing the posterior rib cage
superior right and left atria and the inferior right and left…
where is the heart exactly located?
slightly to the left side in the thoracic cavity, posterior t…
Apex
point of this cone, which points toward the left hip
61 terms
Chapter 17 Function of the Heart
Increase in the strength of myocardial…
Increase in the strength of myocardial…
Phase of the cardiac cycle that refers…
Sequence of events that occur in the h…
Positive inotropic effect
Starling's law of the heart
Systole
Cardiac cycle
Increase in the strength of myocardial…
Positive inotropic effect
Increase in the strength of myocardial…
Starling's law of the heart
80 terms
Chapter 17 The Heart
Heart
Apex
Base
Atrioventricular Sulcus
Muscular organ, pump that contracts rhythmically to deliver b…
Point of the heart, bottom points toward left hip.
Posterior side facing the posterior rib cage.
Indentation boundary between the atria and ventricles.
Heart
Muscular organ, pump that contracts rhythmically to deliver b…
Apex
Point of the heart, bottom points toward left hip.
Chapter 17- The Heart
plasma
formed elements
centrifuged blood
hematocrit
55% whole blood, fluid matrix, called nonliving because it do…
buffy coat; WBCs; Platlets; bulk of formed elements
55% plasma, 45% formed elements
percentage of erythrocytes in centrifuged whole blood, 45% is…
plasma
55% whole blood, fluid matrix, called nonliving because it do…
formed elements
buffy coat; WBCs; Platlets; bulk of formed elements
46 terms
Chapter 17: Heart
Pericardium
Fibrous
Serous
Parietal pericardium
Fibrous and serous. Covers the walls of the heart
Tough connective tissue that anchors and protects the heart
Double layered and made of simple squamous epi. and loose con…
Surrounds visceral pericardium
Pericardium
Fibrous and serous. Covers the walls of the heart
Fibrous
Tough connective tissue that anchors and protects the heart
90 terms
Anatomy Chapter 17
Endocrine System
Three Types of Endocrine Organs
Pure Endocrine Organs
Organs containing large proportion of…
- Interacts with nervous system... - Organs are ductless glands…
- Pure Endocrine Organs... - Organs containing large proportion…
- Pituitary... - Pineal... - Thyroid & parathyroid gland... - Adrenal…
- Pancreas... - Thymus... - Gonads... - Hypothalamus
Endocrine System
- Interacts with nervous system... - Organs are ductless glands…
Three Types of Endocrine Organs
- Pure Endocrine Organs... - Organs containing large proportion…
59 terms
Anatomy Chapter 17
What is the cause of normal heart soun…
What event does not occur when the sem…
Hemorrhage with a large loss of blood…
The left ventricular wall of the heart…
closure of the heart valves
ventricles are in diastole
a lowering of blood pressure due to change in cardiac output
pump blood with greater pressure
What is the cause of normal heart soun…
closure of the heart valves
What event does not occur when the sem…
ventricles are in diastole
43 terms
CHAPTER 17 HEART
Functions of the heart
Pulmonary Circulation
System Circulation
Features of the heart
Generating blood pressure... Required for blood flow through the…
The flow of blood from the heart through the lungs back to th…
The flow of blood from the heart through the body back to the…
Location... Anterior to the vertebral column, posterior to the s…
Functions of the heart
Generating blood pressure... Required for blood flow through the…
Pulmonary Circulation
The flow of blood from the heart through the lungs back to th…
79 terms
Chapter 17 Heart
Functions of the heart
Pulmonary circulation
System circulation
Location of the heart
Generating blood pressure, routing blood, regulating blood su…
blood flow from heart thru lungs back to heart; picks up O2 a…
blood flow from heart thru the body back to heart; delivers O…
*thoracic cavity between lungs... *anterior to vertebral column…
Functions of the heart
Generating blood pressure, routing blood, regulating blood su…
Pulmonary circulation
blood flow from heart thru lungs back to heart; picks up O2 a…
Anatomy Chapter 17
Calyc-
Cort-
Detrus-
Glom-
small cup
covering
to force away
little ball
Calyc-
small cup
Cort-
covering
50 terms
The Heart Chapter 17
3 Functions of the Heart
Systemic Circulation
Pulmonary Circulation
Right Side of Heart
Generating blood pressure, Routing Blood, Regulating Blood Su…
Through the Body
Through the Lungs
pumps blood to lungs and back to left side of heart (pulmonary)
3 Functions of the Heart
Generating blood pressure, Routing Blood, Regulating Blood Su…
Systemic Circulation
Through the Body
43 terms
Heart Chapter 17 Review
Cardiac output
Stroke volume
Cardiac output
Systole
5000 ml/min
70 ml/beat
Stroke volume times heart rate
Phase of the cardiac cycle that refers to myocardial contract…
Cardiac output
5000 ml/min
Stroke volume
70 ml/beat
43 terms
Heart chapter 17
Base
Apex
Pericardium
Fibrous pericardium
Superior portion
Inferior portion
3 layered sac that encases the heart
Tough, outer portion. Helps prevent over stretching, anchors…
Base
Superior portion
Apex
Inferior portion
18 terms
Chapter 17 Heart
Fibrous Skeleton of Heart
Cardiac Muscle Cells
Cardiac Action Potential
Phases Of Cardiac AP: Depolarization
1. Consists of a plate of fibrous connective tissue... 2. Forms…
1. Are branched and have centrally located nucleus... 2. T Tubu…
depolarization followed by a slower repolarization= prolonged…
1. Na+ channels open... 2. K+ channels close... 3. Ca2+ channels be…
Fibrous Skeleton of Heart
1. Consists of a plate of fibrous connective tissue... 2. Forms…
Cardiac Muscle Cells
1. Are branched and have centrally located nucleus... 2. T Tubu…
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